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Finaud J - - 2006
Physical training is known to increase the antioxidant defence system and reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. However, intense physical aerobic and anaerobic training and competition such as those imposed on professional rugby players, can induce an increase of oxidative stress which can be implicated with the arrival of overtraining. The aim ...
Duckles Sue Piper - - 2006
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated as a cause of age-related disorders, and the mitochondrial theory of aging links aging, exercise, and diet. Endothelial dysfunction is a key paradigm for vascular disease and aging, and there is considerable evidence that exercise and dietary restriction protect against cardiovascular disease. Recent studies demonstrate ...
Wilson Mark A - - 2006
The beneficial effects of polyphenol compounds in fruits and vegetables are mainly extrapolated from in vitro studies or short-term dietary supplementation studies. Due to cost and duration, relatively little is known about whether dietary polyphenols are beneficial in whole animals, particularly with respect to aging. To address this question, we ...
Hagobian Todd A - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that antioxidant supplementation would attenuate plasma cytokine (IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha), and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations at rest and in response to exercise at 4300-m elevation. METHODS: A total of 17 recreationally trained men were matched and assigned to an antioxidant (N = ...
Dékány M - - 2006
Muscular exercise results in an increased production of free radicals and other forms of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Further, developing evidence implicates cytotoxins as an underlying etiology of exercise-induced stimuli in muscle redox status, which could result in muscle fatigue and/or injury. Two major classes of endogenous protective mechanisms (enzymatic ...
Hatao Hidekazu - - 2006
The lung could be the target organ to cellular damage, since it is directly exposed to high concentrations of oxygen. Acute exercise and age would be an added challenge to the lung, and therefore, we investigated alterations of major lung antioxidant enzymes (manganese-superoxide dismutase, Mn-SOD; copper-zinc-SOD, Cu-Zn-SOD; glutathione peroxidase, GPX; ...
Morillas-Ruiz J M - - 2006
Polyphenols are of increasing interest to consumers and food manufacturers for several reasons. Commonly referred to as antioxidants (they are the most abundant antioxidants in our diets), they may prevent various oxidative stress-related diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, inflammation and others. Physical activity is known to induce oxidative stress ...
Traverse Jay H - - 2006
Exercise is associated with an increase in oxygen flux through the mitochondrial electron transport chain that has recently been demonstrated to increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skeletal muscle. This study examined whether exercise also causes free radical production in the heart. We measured ROS production in ...
Johnston Carol S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is a cofactor in the biosynthesis of carnitine, a molecule required for the oxidation of fatty acids. A reduction in the ability to oxidize fat may contribute to the reported inverse relationship between vitamin C status and adiposity. To examine this possibility, we conducted a preliminary trial ...
Galán Ana I - - 2006
Free radicals and oxidative stress are involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and cancer. Exercise is a useful strategy for preventing CVD but in elderly persons it can enhance oxidative stress, which is why some studies recommend antioxidant supplementation for exercising elderly subjects. This intervention study ...
Williams Melvin - - 2006
This is the fourth in a series of six articles to discuss the major classes of dietary supplements (vitamins; minerals; amino acids; herbs or botanicals; metabolites, constituents/extracts, or combinations). The major focus is on efficacy of such dietary supplements to enhance exercise or sport performance.
Ascensão António - - 2006
Endurance training (ET) and adriamycin (ADR) treatment are two conditions that have been described as triggering metabolic alterations within the myocardium. ADR is an anti-neoplastic agent with notorious cardiotoxicity, most likely because it increases oxidative stress. ET and/or ADR treatment can induce metabolic and signaling alterations affording cross-tolerance against several ...
Bagchi Debasis - - 2006
Edible berry extracts rich in anthocyanins possess a broad spectrum of therapeutic, pharmacologic and anti-carcinogenic properties. Six berry extracts (wild blueberry, bilberry, cranberry, elderberry, raspberry seeds and strawberry), singly and in combination, were studied in our laboratories for antioxidant efficacy, cytotoxic potential, cellular uptake and anti-angiogenic properties. Combinations of edible ...
Fry Andrew C - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine if supplementation with a liquid multi-vitamin/mineral would improve anaerobic exercise performance. Fourteen resistance-trained men performed a 30-second cycle sprint and one set of squat exercise on 2 separate days before and following 8 weeks of supplementation with either a liquid multi-vitamin/ mineral ...
Davison Gareth W - - 2006
Maximal exercise in normoxia results in oxidative stress due to an increase in free radical production. However, the effect of a single bout of moderate aerobic exercise performed in either relative or absolute normobaric hypoxia on free radical production and lipid peroxidation remains unknown. To examine this, we randomly matched ...
Zoppi Claudio C - - 2006
Exercise training is known to induce an increase in free radical production potentially leading to enhanced muscle injury. Vitamins C and E are well known antioxidants that may prevent muscle cell damage. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of these supplemental antioxidant vitamins on markers of ...
Knez Wade L - - 2006
At least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity accumulated on most, preferably all days is considered the minimum level necessary to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Despite an unclear explanation, some epidemiological data paradoxically suggest that a very high volume of exercise is associated with a decrease in ...
Kingsley Michael - - 2006
Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) is a ubiquitous phospholipid species that is normally located within the inner leaflet of the cell membrane. PtdSer has been implicated in a myriad of membrane-related functions. As a cofactor for a variety of enzymes, PtdSer is thought to be important in cell excitability and communication. PtdSer has ...
Choi Eun-Young - - 2006
AIMS AND METHODS: This study investigated the effect of Allium vegetable intake on the antioxidative activity and on the plasma cholesterol profile during exercise in rats. Ninety rats were fed either a control diet or a diet with added Allium sativum (AS), Allium cepa (AC), Allium fistulosum (AF), or Allium ...
Kostaropoulos I A - - 2006
Exercise increases the production of reactive oxygen species, which may damage a number of cell constituents. Organisms have developed a sophisticated antioxidant system for protection against reactive oxygen species. Our aim was to compare the adaptive responses of antioxidant mechanisms and the blood redox status of two groups of athletes, ...
Tauler Pedro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exhaustive exercise induces oxidative stress. The cellular antioxidant defence systems have demonstrated great adaptation to chronic exercise. AIM: To establish the influence of the antioxidant diet supplementation on the erythrocyte and lymphocyte antioxidant enzyme activities in athletes at basal and post-exercise levels. METHODS: Fifteen amateur trained male athletes were ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2005
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could induce oxidative damage at long distance from its generation site and it is also an important signalling molecule that induces some genes related to oxidative stress. Our objective was to study the plasma and blood cells capability to detoxify H2O2 after intense exercise and its correlation ...
Co┼čkun Sule - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether vitamin C supplementation during chronic exercise training alters rat brain antioxidant content. Female Wistar albino rats were exercised on a treadmill for 30 min/day for 6.5 weeks and were administered daily intraperitoneal injections of vitamin C (20 mg/kg). After the training ...
Schneider Cláudia Dornelles - - 2005
In 8 trained subjects (T) and 9 untrained subjects (UT), lipid peroxidation (LPO), total antioxidant capacity (TRAP), superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were measured in the blood before and after three different intensities of exercise on the treadmill, determined from ventilatory threshold and maximal oxygen uptake data, ...
Box W - - 2005
AIM: Exercise can conceivably increase concentrations of lipid peroxides (by producing oxidant stress) or decrease their concentrations (by accelerating peroxide breakdown). The net effect could depend on exercise intensity and nutritional antioxidant intake. METHODS: Recreationally trained, young adult women (n=18) consumed antioxidant-rich soy protein or antioxidant-poor whey protein for 4 ...
Tauler Pedro - - 2006
It has been reported that exercise induces oxidative stress and causes adaptations in antioxidant defences. The aim of this study was to determine the adaptations of lymphocytes to the oxidative stress induced by an exhaustive exercise. Nine voluntary male subjects participated in the study. The exercise was a cycling mountain ...
McAnulty Steven R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether, daily fruit (blueberries) consumption (250 g) for three weeks or acute fruit ingestion (250 g) would attenuate angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity and reduce oxidative stress in chronic cigarette smokers. METHODS: Twenty subjects were recruited and randomized into fruit or control groups. Blood samples and ...
Sapin M R - - 2005
Exogenous antioxidants, e.g. tocopherol, prevent undesirable changes in the thymus and accelerate its recovery after intensive physical exercise. Four weeks after the end of training (swimming) the general structure of the thymus and content of LPO products in rats treated with tocopherol corresponded to the control values, in contrast to ...
Kakarla Pushpalatha - - 2005
This study investigated the onset of age-related changes in the myocardial antioxidant defense system (ADS) and the vulnerability of the myocardium to oxidative stress following exercise training. Few studies have investigated the influence of the most prevalent life-prolonging strategy physical exercise, on the age-dependent alterations in the myocardial antioxidant enzyme ...
Chicco Adam J - - 2006
Doxorubicin (Dox) is a highly effective antineoplastic antibiotic associated with a dose-limiting cardiotoxicity that may result in irreversible cardiomyopathy and heart failure. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of low-intensity exercise training (LIET) during the course of Dox treatment on cardiac function, myosin heavy chain expression, ...
Uner M - - 2005
This study was performed as a complimentary to our previous study regarding the chemical stability of ascorbyl palmitate (AP) in solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) and for comparison, in nanoemulsion (NE) incorporated into a hydrogel produced by high pressure homogenization. AP is known as an effective antioxidant ...
Davison G W - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of antioxidant supplementation on DNA damage following exercise. Fourteen subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups and required to ingest either antioxidants (400 mg alpha-lipoic acid, 200 mg co-enzyme Q10, 12 mg manganese, 600 mg vitamin C, 800 ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2005
Exercise is linked with intensity-dependent immune response. Intracellular redox status is important in programmed cell death. This study, by closely examining 18 sedentary men who exercised moderately and severely (ie. 60% and 80% VO2max, respectively) for 40 min, investigated how exercise intensities influence intracellular redox status and oxidative stress-induced apoptosis ...
Venditti P - - 2005
We investigated effects of prolonged aerobic exercise and severe hyperthyroidism on indices of oxidative damage, susceptibility to oxidants, and respiratory capacity of homogenates from rat liver, heart and skeletal muscle. Both treatments induced increases in hydroperoxide and protein-bound carbonyl levels. Moreover, the highest increases were found when hyperthyroid animals were ...
Vento Máximo - - 2005
RATIONALE: Pure oxygen causes more oxidative stress than room air in resuscitation of asphyctic neonates, and consequently could be associated with increased tissue damage. OBJECTIVES: To compare damage caused to heart and kidneys on reoxygenation in severely asphyctic term neonates resuscitated with room air (RAR) or 100% oxygen (OxR). Nonasphyctic ...
Zhou S - - 2005
AIM: To investigate whether 4 weeks of oral supplementation with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) would increase its concentration in skeletal muscle, and affect aerobic power (VO2max) and oxygen consumption during submaximal exercise in healthy, physically active men. METHODS: Six volunteers with an average (+/-SD) age of 29.7+/-7.2 years and VO2max of ...
Karanth Jyothsna - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dietary fat, carnitine supplementation, and exercise on oxidative damage and antioxidant status. Male Wistar rats (60 days old) were fed diets containing either hydrogenated fat (HF) or peanut oil (PO) with or without 0.5 mg % (of dry diet) ...
De la Fuente M - - 2005
Several studies have shown that both oxidative stress and inflammation are linked to the process of hypertension and that the immune system is also involved in this age-related process. More specifically, the oxygen stress related to immune system dysfunction seems to have a key role in senescence, in agreement with ...
Duntas L H - - 2005
Intensive muscular exercise promotes the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the working muscles and can impair athletic performance, particularly in conjunction with inadequate recovery. Mammals are protected against oxygen toxicity by a system of ROS scavengers composed of enzymatic and non-enzymatic components. Although antioxidant supplementation has recently been ...
Kinnunen Susanna - - 2005
Strenuous exercise is a potent inducer of oxidative stress, which has been suggested to be associated with disturbances in muscle homeostasis, fatigue and injury. There is no comprehensive or uniform view of the antioxidant status in horses. We have previously shown that moderate exercise induces protein oxidation in trotters. The ...
Morillas-Ruiz J - - 2005
The objective of this study was to test the effects of an antioxidant-supplemented beverage on exercise-induced oxidative stress in moderately trained cyclists. A double-blind study was conducted in moderately trained cyclists. They were randomly allocated to receive either an antioxidant (13 subjects) or a placebo (13 subjects) 15 min pre-exercise ...
Vollaard Niels B J - - 2005
Free radical formation in heme proteins is recognised as a factor in mediating the toxicity of peroxides in oxidative stress. As well as initiating free radical damage, heme proteins damage themselves. Under extreme conditions, where oxidative stress and low pH coincide (e.g., myoglobin in the kidney following rhabdomyolysis and hemoglobin ...
Shigematsu Masamori - - 2005
This study was designed to elucidate the erosive effect of hydrogen peroxide solutions on the materials used for total-hip arthroplasty (THA). As test materials, cross-linked polyethylene, Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and thermal sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) were used. Changes upon soaking in 3% hydrogen peroxide, before soaking, 1 minute after soaking, 10 minutes ...
Kingsley Michael I - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of 750 mg of soybean-derived phosphatidylserine or a glucose polymer placebo, administered daily for 10 d, on markers of oxidative stress, perceived soreness, and muscle damage initiated by intermittent exercise (designed to simulated soccer match play) immediately followed by ...
Lin Wang-teng - - 2005
AIM: To assess the effects of L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation on pulmonary oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses in rats after exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary control with L-Arg treatment (SC+Arg), exhaustive exercise with control diet (E) and exhaustive exercise with L-Arg treatment ...
Ligumsky Moshe - - 2005
Reactive oxygen species have been postulated to play a role in the pathogenesis of mucosal GI injury and in peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The low molecular weight antioxidants (LMWA) group plays an important role in the defense mechanism of the GI tract against oxidative damage, and is a major component ...
Judge Sharon - - 2005
Evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidant production, in association with an accumulation of oxidative damage, contribute to the aging process. Regular physical activity can delay the onset of morbidity, increase mean lifespan, and reduce the risk of developing several pathological states. No studies have examined age-related changes in oxidant ...
Borkowski Tomasz - - 2005
The radical scavenging capacity of red wine anthocyanins was quantified by the so-called TEAC assay with special emphasis on the influence of pH and conjugation on this activity. The pH appears to be a dominant factor in the radical scavenging capacity of wine anthocyanins, with higher pH values increasing this ...
Park Joon-Young - - 2005
Systemic oxidative stress plays a role in many degenerative diseases. Although regular physical activity has been known as the most effective nonpharmacological intervention to alleviate the oxidative stress, the beneficial effect varies between individuals. We investigated whether NADPH oxidase p22phox gene C242T and A640G polymorphisms are associated with systemic oxidative ...
Elokda Ahmed S - - 2005
PURPOSE: Strenuous exercise in animal studies has been shown to cause acute oxidative stress due to the generation of oxygen-centered free radicals reflected in lower levels of glutathione (GSH), higher levels of glutathione disulfide (GSSG), and a drop in GSH:GSSG ratios, the maintenance of which is crucial for a variety ...
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