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Results 601 - 650 of 1360
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Yilmaz Necat - - 2007
Physical training is known to increase the antioxidant defence system and reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. However, intense physical aerobic and anaerobic training with competition, such as those imposed on young professional basketball players can induce an increase of oxidative stress, which can be implicated with overtraining. The aim of this ...
Delliaux S - - 2007
Data on effects of statins on resting oxidant-antioxidant status are contradictory and no study has been published on the effects of statins on exercise-induced oxidative stress. We carried out a 6-month longitudinal study in 10 dyslipidemic patients receiving 10 mg/day atorvastatin and 13 healthy sedentary subjects. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances ...
Yu Yang - - 2007
We previously reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS) in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediated cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR). The present study investigated the role of endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), a ROS, in the PVN in mediating the CSAR and regulating sympathetic activity. The CSAR was evaluated by the response of ...
Irato Paola - - 2007
The aim of the present work was to determine the activities of selected antioxidant enzymes (SOD, Se-GPX, CAT) in two species of bivalves, Scapharca inaequivalvis and Tapes philippinarum, from two sites of the lagoon of Venice that are characterized by different pO(2) (Marghera and Chioggia). The specimens were collected at ...
Augustyniak M - - 2007
Berkheya coddii Roessler (Asteraceae) is a hyper-accumulator of nickel, which can be used in phytomining and phytoremediation. Chrysolina pardalina Fabricius (Chrysomelidae) is a phytophagous leaf beetle, which may be useful in controlling population levels of B. coddii after it has been introduced into a new habitat. The aim of this ...
Bémeur Chantal - - 2007
In this review, we summarize the role of hyperglycemia during cerebral ischemia. Hyperglycemia occurring during experimental and clinical stroke has been associated with increased cerebral damage. Increased oxidative stress resulting from hyperglycemia is believed to contribute to the exacerbated damage. More specifically, superoxide, nitric oxide and peroxynitrite are believed to ...
Hellsten Ylva - - 2007
The effects of acute exercise on the mRNA content of selected genes were examined during control conditions and after oral intake of antioxidants. In addition, to provide evidence for formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human skeletal muscle during exercise, cytochrome c reduction was measured in microdialysate from the ...
Ji Li Li - - 2008
Contraction-induced production of reactive oxygen species has been shown to cause oxidative stress to skeletal muscle. As an adaptive response, muscle antioxidant defense systems are upregulated in response to exercise. Nuclear factor kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase are two major oxidative-stress-sensitive signal transduction pathways that have been shown to activate ...
Judge Sharon - - 2007
Mitochondria have been a central focus of several theories of aging as a result of their critical role in bioenergetics, oxidant production, and regulation of cell death. A decline in cardiac mitochondrial function coupled with the accumulation of oxidative damage to macromolecules may be causal to the decline in cardiac ...
Zoppi C C - - 2008
Overreaching (OVR) is defined as the initial phase of overtraining syndrome and is known as a metabolic imbalance leading to short-term fatigue. Exercise increases reactive oxygen species production, which can oxidize intracellular structures impairing cell function and thus leads to OVR process. The aim of this work is to study ...
Venditti P - - 2007
Previous study showed that exercise induces higher oxidative damage and respiratory capacity reduction in hyperthyroid than in euthyroid skeletal muscle. Because impaired cell function can result from mitochondrial dysfunction, we evaluated the changes induced by exercise in oxygen consumption of skeletal muscle mitochondria from euthyroid and hyperthyroid rats. The mitochondrial ...
Ferrer M D - - 2007
The aim was to study the effects of a scuba diving session on the lymphocyte antioxidant system, NO synthesis, the capability to produce reactive oxygen species and the antioxidant response in neutrophils. For that purpose seven male divers performed an immersion at a depth of 40 m for 25 min. ...
Aydin Cenk - - 2007
In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that long term dietary restriction would have beneficial effects on the oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme systems in liver, heart and kidney in adult male rats undergoing different intensities of swimming exercise. Sixty male, Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned as either dietary restricted on ...
Gougoura Sofia - - 2007
The blood redox status of child athletes is compared with that of age-matched untrained individuals. In the present study, 17 swimmers (10.1 +/- 1.6 years) and 12 non-athletes (9.9 +/- 1.1 years) participated. Reduced glutathione (GSH) was lower by 37% in swimmers compared to non-athletes (P < 0.01), oxidized glutathione ...
Gomez-Cabrera Mari-Carmen - - 2008
Exercise causes oxidative stress only when exhaustive. Strenuous exercise causes oxidation of glutathione, release of cytosolic enzymes, and other signs of cell damage. However, there is increasing evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) not only are toxic but also play an important role in cell signaling and in the regulation ...
Bailey Damian M - - 2007
The present study determined if acute exercise increased free radical formation in human skeletal muscle. Vastus lateralis biopsies were obtained in a randomized balanced order from six males at rest and following single-leg knee extensor exercise performed for 2 min at 50% of maximal work rate (WR(MAX)) and 3 min ...
Knez Wade L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Ultraendurance athletes who maintain a very high volume of exercise may, as a result of greater production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), be particularly susceptible to oxidative damage. PURPOSE: This study sought to examine and compare pre- and postrace markers of oxidative stress in ultraendurance athletes training for, and ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2008
Exercise is associated with increased ATP need and an enhanced aerobic and/or anaerobic metabolism, which results in an increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Regular exercise seems to decrease the incidence of a wide range of ROS-associated diseases, including heart disease, type II diabetes, rheumatic arthritis, Alzheimer and Parkinson ...
Yin Ying - - 2007
In the present study, the bioaccumulation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were studied after fish (Carassius auratus) were exposed to different concentrations (0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.07 and 0.1 mg/L) of phenanthrene for 4 days. The accumulation of phenanthrene in liver increased with the exposure concentration (R(2)=0.88). A secondary spin ...
Cheng Jason Y - - 2007
Recently it has been shown that long chain (C5-C8) n-alkyl glucopyranosides completely inhibit ultrasound-induced cytolysis [J.Z. Sostaric, N. Miyoshi, P. Riesz, W.G. DeGraff, and J.B. Mitchell, Free Radical Biol. Med., 39 (2005) 1539]. This protective effect has possible applications in HIFU (high intensity focused ultrasound) for tumor treatment, and in ...
Zhao Ming - - 2007
As reported in our previous paper [Y. Wu, L. Bi, W. Bi, Z. Li, M. Zhao, C. Wang, J. Ju, S. Peng, Bioorg. Med. Chem. 14 (2006) 5711-5720.], a series of novel 2-substituted nitronyl nitroxides were synthesized and characterized to show enhanced free radical scavenger properties. Here, the logP values ...
Spasojević Ivan - - 2007
The Mn(III) meso-tetrakis(N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl)porphyrin, MnIIITE-2-PyP5+ (AEOL-10113) has proven effective in treating oxidative stress-induced conditions including cancer, radiation damage, diabetes, and central nervous system trauma. The ortho cationic pyridyl nitrogens of MnTE-2-PyP5+ are essential for its high antioxidant potency. The exceptional ability of MnIIITE-2-PyP5+ to dismute O2.- parallels its ability to reduce ...
Lüchmann Karim H - - 2007
Contaminant input into the environment can affect the biochemical responses of exposed organisms. Activity of conjugation enzymes, such as glutathione S-transferase (GST) has been proposed as a biomarker of susceptibility to the presence of potentially damaging xenobiotics. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the activity of total ...
Brock K - - 2007
Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with osteoporosis and fractures in the elderly. In Australia where there is a sizeable Vietnamese population, research has not yet clarified the roles of diet, exercise and sun exposure in determining vitamin D status. Plasma samples for 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D); dietary intake of vitamin ...
Nakamoto Hideko - - 2007
Exercise is often said to increase the generation of reactive oxygen species that are potentially harmful. On the other hand, regular exercise has various health benefits even late in life. The specific aim of this study was to explore effects of regular exercise on oxidative status of DNA in aged ...
Ho, Chao-Chung
Purpose To evaluate the effects of antioxidant on cardiovascular performance, exercise capacity and health status in chronic heart failure patients. Methods This was a cross-over, randomized controlled trial. A total of 37 subjects were allocated to two groups randomly. Group I (n = 19) received vitamin C 4000 mg daily ...
Gulvady Chaitanya
The present cross-sectional and interventional study was carried out to assess the incidence of vitamin B12 / vitamin D deficiency in male office executives in the tropical city of Mumbai, India. A total of 75 senior executives were surveyed and subjected to analysis of blood levels of vitamin D (25 ...
Oh Hea Young - - 2007
Menopause is often accompanied with weight gain, metabolic lipid abnormalities, and oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the combined effects of exercise and soy isoflavone supplementation on the lipid profiles and antioxidant capacities of ovariectomized rats. Twenty-five female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: sham-operated, ovariectomized (OVX), OVX ...
Jäger Ralf - - 2007
Phospholipids are essential components of all biological membranes. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and Phosphatidylserine (PS) are Phosphatidyl-phospholipids that are required for normal cellular structure and function. The participation in physical activity often challenges a variety of physiological systems; consequently, the ability to maintain normal cellular function during activity can determine sporting performance. ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2007
Both acute bouts of prior exercise (preconditioning) and antioxidant nutrients have been used in an attempt to attenuate muscle injury or oxidative stress in response to resistance exercise. However, most studies have focused on untrained participants rather than on athletes. The purpose of this work was to determine the independent ...
Parthimos Theodore - - 2007
BACKGROUND: L-Cysteine (L-Cys) is implicated in the reduction of free radical production. The aim of this study was to investigate whether L-Cys supplementation prevents modulation of the activities of erythrocyte membrane acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+),K(+)-ATPase and Mg(2+)-ATPase induced by free radicals in basketball players during training. METHODS: Blood was obtained from ...
Kon Michihiro - - 2007
AIM: We aimed to examine the effect of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on the exhaustive exercise-induced injury and oxidative stress in skeletal muscle and liver. METHODS: Rats were divided into four groups: rest group [control (Con)-Rest; n = 6)], exercise group (Con-Ex; n = 6), rest group with CoQ10 supplement ...
Ikino Cláudio Márcio Yudi - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: Nitric oxide (NO) is likely to be synthesized by nitric oxide synthase Type II (NOS II) action and may partake in the origin of changes of compound action potential (CAP) threshold observed in guinea pigs with induced endolymphatic hydrops. This study aimed to assess the action of a NOS ...
Lo Presti Rosalia - - 2007
Oxidative stress has probably a role in coronary heart disease (CHD), but studies focused on the behaviour of oxidative status in patients with stable CHD have obtained controversial results. On the other hand, an increased release of leukocyte elastase is considered a marker of CHD. Exercise can induce oxidative stress ...
Blache Denis - - 2007
Oxidant stress and overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. Oxidative modifications of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are thought to play an early and critical role in atherogenesis. LDL oxidation can be reproduced in vitro, but results usually show a large interindividual variation not entirely ...
Choi Eun-Young - - 2007
This study investigated the effect of physical training and oxidative stress on the antioxidative activity and on plasma lipid profile. Forty eight rats were given either a physical training or no training for 4 weeks and were then subdivided into 3 groups: before-exercise (BE); during-exercise (DE); after-exercise (AE). The antioxidative ...
Cochón A C - - 2007
Paraquat is still a widely used herbicide in several countries. Its toxic action on plants occurs through a one-electron reduction interfering with the photosynthesis process. By a similar reaction, the herbicide may induce peroxidation processes in non-target animal species. Furthermore, paraquat may interfere with the cellular transport of polyamines. The ...
Gosselin Marie-Eve - - 2007
Our laboratory treats guinea pigs with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) as a model for investigating the formation of nuclear cataract. Previous analyses of lens supernatants using this model have shown an increase in disulfide (-SS-) and loss of sulfhydryl (-SH) in the lens nucleus of O(2)-treated animals. In this paper, we ...
Mosleh Yahia Y - - 2007
Chitosan is a natural polymer which has the property to elicit the natural defenses mechanism in plant and which can be an interesting biopesticides. It is then necessary to investigate the potential toxicity of chitosan for aquatic animal health. Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight proteins, mainly implicated in metal ...
Wilhelm Filho Danilo - - 2007
Microchiropteran bats sustain very high oxygen consumption rates when active, but they also exhibit drastic daily drops in oxygen consumption when torpid. In addition, bats are also characterized by an extraordinary longevity considering their body mass and high specific metabolic rate when compared to other mammals of related size. Therefore, ...
Polkowska-Kowalczyk Lidia - - 2007
Three Solanum genotypes with various polygenic resistance levels to the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Bary were studied for their antioxidant response to the pathogen culture filtrate (CF). Detached plant leaves were treated with CF for 6, 18 and 30 h, and assayed for changes in hydrogen peroxide content, ...
Sentürk Umit Kemal - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Exercise-induced proteinuria is a common consequence of physical activity, although its mechanism is not clear. Oxidant stress has been proposed as one of different factors involved in postexercise proteinuria in rats. In this study we investigated whether reactive oxygen radicals generated during exercise play a role in exercise-induced proteinuria ...
Peake Jonathan M - - 2007
Interest in the relationship between inflammation and oxidative stress has increased dramatically in recent years, not only within the clinical setting but also in the fields of exercise biochemistry and immunology. Inflammation and oxidative stress share a common role in the etiology of a variety of chronic diseases. During exercise, ...
Peng Changlian - - 2006
In the leaf of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivar Yunnan purple rice, the anthocyanins with an obvious absorption peak at 530nm were distributed in the cells of upper and lower epidermis, bulliform tissue and bristle. The maximal photosynthetic oxygen evolution rate and chlorophyll content in flag leaves were 28% and ...
Muaz Belviranli, Hakki Gökbel
Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a normal process. Under physiological conditions, these deleterious species are mostly removed by the cellular antioxidant systems, which include antioxidant vitamins, protein and non-protein thiols, and antioxidant enzymes. An acute bout of exercise at sufficient intensity has been shown to stimulate activities of ...
Gago-Dominguez Manuela - - 2007
Physical exercise has been found to decrease the risk of breast cancer by undefined means. In our prior communication, we proposed lipid peroxidation to be a relevant mechanism for breast cancer protection associated with many established protective factors such as parity, oophorectomy, menopause, physical exercise, etc. [Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao J, ...
Richardson Russell S - - 2007
Originally thought of as simply damaging or toxic "accidents" of in vivo chemistry, free radicals are becoming increasingly recognized as redox signaling molecules implicit in cellular homeostasis. Indeed, at the vascular level, it is plausible that oxidative stress plays a regulatory role in normal vascular function. Using electron paramagnetic resonance ...
De Moffarts B - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate in a placebo-controlled field study the effect of a (n-3)-vitamin supplementation on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (EMF), oxidant/antioxidant markers and plasmatic omega3/omega6 fatty acid ratio (FAR) in 12 eventing horses. Venous blood was sampled at rest before (PRE) and after (POST) a three ...
Wierzba T H - - 2006
Exercise induces extensive generation of reactive oxygen species, which are responsible for tissue damage: enzymes inactivation, lipid peroxidation and single strand breaks in DNA. Defense system against free radicals is consisting of enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and numerous non-enzymatic antioxidants. The study was performed to evaluate ...
Jamurtas Athanasios Z - - 2006
The effect of exercise on oxidative stress in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient individuals was investigated. Nine G6PD-deficient males and nine males with normal G6PD activity were selected and requested to run at approximately 75% their maximum heart rate for 45 min. Blood samples were collected prior to and immediately after exercise. ...
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