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Results 601 - 650 of 1391
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Varghese Boby - - 2008
The seeds of Azadirachta indica were successfully cryopreserved for 12 months with 45% survival following drying to 0.16 g H(2)O g(-1) dry mass (DM). Highest survival (94-96%) was recorded during the first month of cryostorage. Subsequent cryopreservation up to 12 months resulted in decreasing germination. Post-thawing pre-heat treatment enhanced the ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2008
Physical inactivity leads to increased incidence of a variety of diseases and it can be regarded as one of the end points of the exercise-associated hormesis curve. On the other hand, regular exercise, with moderate intensity and duration, has a wide range of beneficial effects on the body including the ...
Singh Indrapal N - - 2007
Peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative damage has been implicated in brain mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which precedes the onset of neuronal loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the detrimental effects of the peroxynitrite donor SIN-1 (3-morpholinosydnonimine) on isolated brain mitochondria and to screen penicillamine, a stoichiometric ...
Gonchar O A - - 2007
The effects of various modes of interval hypoxic training differing by the intensity and duration of hypoxic exposure on the morphology and antioxidant status of the heart and lung tissues were studied. Interval hypoxic training mode with more severe, but shorter hypoxic component led to the prooxidant/antioxidant imbalance in the ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2007
We examined the influence of 3 consecutive days of high-intensity cycling on blood and urinary markers of oxidative stress. Eight highly-trained male cyclists (VO2 max 76 +/- 4 mL.kg-1.min-1; mean +/- SD) completed an interval session (9 exercise bouts lasting 30 s each, at 150% peak power output) on day ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2007
We studied the effects of intense exercise on the neutrophil antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression. Blood samples were taken from seven cyclists in basal conditions and 3 h after two competition stages of 165 km. Serum creatine kinase (CK) activity, plasma carbonyl derivatives and uric acid levels increased after ...
Zinellu A - - 2007
An important defence against free radicals is represented by plasma low molecular weight (LMW) thiols that compose a dynamic system of reduced and oxidized forms able to act as a buffer redox system. This study examined the effect of an acute graded exercise bout on LMW thiols in 16 young ...
Sachdev Sean - - 2008
Free radicals (particularly oxygen- and nitrogen-centered radicals), and related reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, are generated in cells and tissues during exercise. Mitochondria (actually, 'leakage' of electrons from ubisemiquinone and other electron transport chain components), xanthine oxidase, and phagocytes such as neutrophils may all contribute to free radical production. In ...
Rosa Eloi F - - 2007
It has been shown that exercise is helpful against brain disorders. However, this may not be true for intense exercise (IE). Because it is easy to misadjust exercise intensity with physical condition, it is essential to know the effects of IE on cognitive process because it may have important consequences ...
Chawla K - - 2007
Fitness is the ability of the organism to maintain the various internal equilibriums as closely as possible to the resting state during strenuous exercise and to restore promptly after exercise. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fitness and correlate it with anti-oxidant levels of 50 male ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of repeated muscle-damaging exercise on the time-course changes in several indices of muscle damage, and to compare them with changes in blood oxidative stress indices. METHODS: Twelve females underwent an isokinetic exercise session consisting of 75 lengthening knee flexions, which was repeated after 3 wk. ...
Michailidis Yiannis - - 2007
PURPOSE: To thoroughly investigate the time-course changes of several commonly used markers of oxidative stress by performing serial measurements during a 24-h period after an acute bout of strenuous cardiovascular exercise. METHODS: Eleven untrained men performed two trials. In the experimental trial, the subjects exercised for 45 min at 70-75% ...
Piccione, Giuseppe; Department of ...
The aim of the present study was to find possible relationships between physical exercise and oxidative stress in thoroughbreds during official races. For this purpose six healthy and trained thoroughbreds were used. Blood samples were collected from all horses at rest, immediately after the race, and 30 and 180 min ...
Pushpalatha K - - 2007
The interaction of exercise training and ethanol on the myocardial antioxidant enzymes and the oxidative stress markers was investigated in the Wistar strain male albino rats. We also tested the interactive effects of exercise training and ethanol on the age-associated free radical production and antioxidant defense system. We found a ...
Steinberg Jean Guillaume - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The simultaneous determination of the time course and magnitude of oxidative stress indicators and cytokine changes elicited by maximal incremental exercise has not yet been published for healthy sedentary subjects. PURPOSE: The determination of normal exercise-induced changes in oxidant-antioxidant status and plasma cytokine represents a fundamental step before exploring ...
Wilund Kenneth R - - 2007
Engaging in regular physical activity reduces the risk of developing CVD (cardiovascular disease), but it is not certain to what degree this may be due to the anti-inflammatory effects of exercise. Following acute exercise, there is a transient increase in circulating levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines, whereas chronic exercise reduces basal ...
Gochman Einat - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exhaustive exercise is associated with increased metabolic rate and accelerated generation of reactive oxygen species. Cigarette smoke also contains oxidants that may participate in the development of atherosclerosis. However, data on the association between exercise and smoking are sparse. METHODS: A homogenous group of 30 young men (15 smokers ...
Mendes Fúlvio Rieli - - 2007
Baccharis trimera (Asteraceae) and Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae) are used popularly as tonics, aphrodisiacs and for stomach ailments, among other uses. Hydroalcohol extracts of the aerial parts of both plants were investigated with regard to their chemical constitution and their pharmacological activity in tests that evaluate adaptogen activity. Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, ...
Bouazizi Houda - - 2007
The effect of copper excess on growth, H2O2 level and peroxidase activities were studied in maize shoots. Ten-day-old seedlings were cultured in nutrient solution that contained Cu2+ ions at various concentrations (50 and 100 microM) for seven days. High concentrations of Cu2+ ions caused significant decrease both in matter production ...
Magalhães José - - 2007
PURPOSE: Indoor climbing is a worldwide sport with particular physiological and physical demands. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of sustained indoor climbing until exhaustion on plasma oxidative stress markers, and to relate it to whole-body dynamic exercise performed at the same percentage of maximal oxygen ...
Liu Yunguo - - 2007
Bechmeria nivea (L.) Gaud. (ramie) seedlings subjected to a series of cadmium (Cd) concentrations (0, 1, 3 and 7 mg l(-1)) over a 10d period were investigated with regard to the uptake and distribution of Cd, its effect on membrane lipid and chlorophyll synthesis, and response of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle ...
Margonis Konstantinos - - 2007
Overtraining syndrome is characterized by declining performance and transient inflammation following periods of severe training with major health implications for the athletes. Currently, there is no single diagnostic marker for overtraining. The present investigation examined the responses of oxidative stress biomarkers to a resistance training protocol of progressively increased and ...
Brownlee Iain A - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many colonic diseases. Mucus is the colon's first line of defence against luminal agents. This study has therefore characterised ROS action on colonic mucus secretions. ROS were produced using peroxide-based systems of different concentrations. The effects of these systems ...
Ruuhola Teija - - 2007
Plants have been suggested to have an immunological memory comparable to animals. The evidence for this, however, is scarce. In our study with the mountain birch -- Epirrita autumnata system, we demonstrated that birches exposed as long as 5 yr to feeding of E. autumnata larvae (delayed induced resistance, DIR), ...
Thomas C - - 2007
The present study was designed to investigate whether a protein hydrolysate enriched in branched chain amino acids and antioxidants, trace and mineral elements, and vitamins would affect performance and fatigue. Eighteen sportsmen underwent testing before and after 28 days supplementation with either treatment in protein hydrolysate or placebo. Testing included ...
Lekhi Chhavi - - 2007
The influence of exercise on free-radical chemistry is not well understood. It is yet to be confirmed whether an adequate biochemical defence system exists in the human body to provide protection from oxy-centred radicals generated by exercise. Fifty trained elite cyclists undertaking exhaustive endurance training were compared with a control ...
Maleki N - - 2007
The electrochemistry of L-cysteine (CySH) in neutral aqueous media was investigated using carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE). Comparative experiments were carried out using glassy carbon electrodes. At CILE, highly reproducible and well-defined cyclic voltammograms were obtained for l-cysteine with a peak potential of 0.49V vs Ag/AgCl, showing that CILE manifests ...
Bachur José Alexandre - - 2007
The objective of this study was to analyze the oxidative stress of skeletal muscle of sedentary rats at the morphological and biochemical level, due to acute physical effort performed at different intensities and during different periods of time. Forty-two male sedentary Wistar rats were divided into two groups, group A ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2007
This study investigated the effect of an acute swimming protocol on selected blood redox status indices in trained children. Eleven boys and 11 girls (aged 9-11 y) swam 12 bouts of 50 m at a pace corresponding to 70%-75% of the participant's 50 m maximum velocity, with each bout separated ...
Davison Glen - - 2007
PURPOSE: Antioxidant supplementation may modulate systemic cortisol and interleukin-6 (IL-6) responses to prolonged exercise, but it is unclear whether such effects are also associated with a reduction in the magnitude of immunodepression. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of daily vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid, 1000 ...
Yilmaz Necat - - 2007
Physical training is known to increase the antioxidant defence system and reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. However, intense physical aerobic and anaerobic training with competition, such as those imposed on young professional basketball players can induce an increase of oxidative stress, which can be implicated with overtraining. The aim of this ...
Delliaux S - - 2007
Data on effects of statins on resting oxidant-antioxidant status are contradictory and no study has been published on the effects of statins on exercise-induced oxidative stress. We carried out a 6-month longitudinal study in 10 dyslipidemic patients receiving 10 mg/day atorvastatin and 13 healthy sedentary subjects. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances ...
Yu Yang - - 2007
We previously reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS) in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediated cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR). The present study investigated the role of endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), a ROS, in the PVN in mediating the CSAR and regulating sympathetic activity. The CSAR was evaluated by the response of ...
Irato Paola - - 2007
The aim of the present work was to determine the activities of selected antioxidant enzymes (SOD, Se-GPX, CAT) in two species of bivalves, Scapharca inaequivalvis and Tapes philippinarum, from two sites of the lagoon of Venice that are characterized by different pO(2) (Marghera and Chioggia). The specimens were collected at ...
Augustyniak M - - 2007
Berkheya coddii Roessler (Asteraceae) is a hyper-accumulator of nickel, which can be used in phytomining and phytoremediation. Chrysolina pardalina Fabricius (Chrysomelidae) is a phytophagous leaf beetle, which may be useful in controlling population levels of B. coddii after it has been introduced into a new habitat. The aim of this ...
Bémeur Chantal - - 2007
In this review, we summarize the role of hyperglycemia during cerebral ischemia. Hyperglycemia occurring during experimental and clinical stroke has been associated with increased cerebral damage. Increased oxidative stress resulting from hyperglycemia is believed to contribute to the exacerbated damage. More specifically, superoxide, nitric oxide and peroxynitrite are believed to ...
Hellsten Ylva - - 2007
The effects of acute exercise on the mRNA content of selected genes were examined during control conditions and after oral intake of antioxidants. In addition, to provide evidence for formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human skeletal muscle during exercise, cytochrome c reduction was measured in microdialysate from the ...
Ji Li Li - - 2008
Contraction-induced production of reactive oxygen species has been shown to cause oxidative stress to skeletal muscle. As an adaptive response, muscle antioxidant defense systems are upregulated in response to exercise. Nuclear factor kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase are two major oxidative-stress-sensitive signal transduction pathways that have been shown to activate ...
Judge Sharon - - 2007
Mitochondria have been a central focus of several theories of aging as a result of their critical role in bioenergetics, oxidant production, and regulation of cell death. A decline in cardiac mitochondrial function coupled with the accumulation of oxidative damage to macromolecules may be causal to the decline in cardiac ...
Zoppi C C - - 2008
Overreaching (OVR) is defined as the initial phase of overtraining syndrome and is known as a metabolic imbalance leading to short-term fatigue. Exercise increases reactive oxygen species production, which can oxidize intracellular structures impairing cell function and thus leads to OVR process. The aim of this work is to study ...
Venditti P - - 2007
Previous study showed that exercise induces higher oxidative damage and respiratory capacity reduction in hyperthyroid than in euthyroid skeletal muscle. Because impaired cell function can result from mitochondrial dysfunction, we evaluated the changes induced by exercise in oxygen consumption of skeletal muscle mitochondria from euthyroid and hyperthyroid rats. The mitochondrial ...
Ferrer M D - - 2007
The aim was to study the effects of a scuba diving session on the lymphocyte antioxidant system, NO synthesis, the capability to produce reactive oxygen species and the antioxidant response in neutrophils. For that purpose seven male divers performed an immersion at a depth of 40 m for 25 min. ...
Aydin Cenk - - 2007
In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that long term dietary restriction would have beneficial effects on the oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme systems in liver, heart and kidney in adult male rats undergoing different intensities of swimming exercise. Sixty male, Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned as either dietary restricted on ...
Gougoura Sofia - - 2007
The blood redox status of child athletes is compared with that of age-matched untrained individuals. In the present study, 17 swimmers (10.1 +/- 1.6 years) and 12 non-athletes (9.9 +/- 1.1 years) participated. Reduced glutathione (GSH) was lower by 37% in swimmers compared to non-athletes (P < 0.01), oxidized glutathione ...
Gomez-Cabrera Mari-Carmen - - 2008
Exercise causes oxidative stress only when exhaustive. Strenuous exercise causes oxidation of glutathione, release of cytosolic enzymes, and other signs of cell damage. However, there is increasing evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) not only are toxic but also play an important role in cell signaling and in the regulation ...
Bailey Damian M - - 2007
The present study determined if acute exercise increased free radical formation in human skeletal muscle. Vastus lateralis biopsies were obtained in a randomized balanced order from six males at rest and following single-leg knee extensor exercise performed for 2 min at 50% of maximal work rate (WR(MAX)) and 3 min ...
Knez Wade L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Ultraendurance athletes who maintain a very high volume of exercise may, as a result of greater production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), be particularly susceptible to oxidative damage. PURPOSE: This study sought to examine and compare pre- and postrace markers of oxidative stress in ultraendurance athletes training for, and ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2008
Exercise is associated with increased ATP need and an enhanced aerobic and/or anaerobic metabolism, which results in an increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Regular exercise seems to decrease the incidence of a wide range of ROS-associated diseases, including heart disease, type II diabetes, rheumatic arthritis, Alzheimer and Parkinson ...
Yin Ying - - 2007
In the present study, the bioaccumulation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were studied after fish (Carassius auratus) were exposed to different concentrations (0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.07 and 0.1 mg/L) of phenanthrene for 4 days. The accumulation of phenanthrene in liver increased with the exposure concentration (R(2)=0.88). A secondary spin ...
Cheng Jason Y - - 2007
Recently it has been shown that long chain (C5-C8) n-alkyl glucopyranosides completely inhibit ultrasound-induced cytolysis [J.Z. Sostaric, N. Miyoshi, P. Riesz, W.G. DeGraff, and J.B. Mitchell, Free Radical Biol. Med., 39 (2005) 1539]. This protective effect has possible applications in HIFU (high intensity focused ultrasound) for tumor treatment, and in ...
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