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Results 551 - 600 of 1390
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Kon Michihiro - - 2008
Intensive physical exercise may cause muscular injury and increase oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an antioxidant, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), on muscular injury and oxidative stress during exercise training. Eighteen male students, all elite Japanese kendo athletes, were randomly assigned to either a ...
Koçer Günnur - - 2008
Exercise-induced proteinuria is a common consequence of physical activity and is caused predominantly by alterations in renal hemodynamics. Although it has been shown that exercise-induced oxidative stress can also contribute to the occurrence of postexercise proteinuria, the sources of reactive oxygen species that promote it are unknown. We investigated the ...
Waagbø Rune - - 2008
The present experiment was conducted to examine if freshwater (FW) oxygen and carbon dioxide regimes cause physiological responses that lead to cataract formation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolt. Duplicate groups of 50 g Atlantic salmon smolts were exposed to three freshwater oxygen saturation regimes (95, 112 or 125% ...
Hwang, Hye Jin
This study was intended to investigate the effects of regular swimming exercise and vitamin C supplementation on the antioxidant system following exercise stress. For the swimming exercise experiment, a swimming adaptation exercise of 1 week was given to a group of 6-week-old mice. Following this, a swimming exercise for 8 ...
Yoon, Gun-Ae
Effects of garlic powder supplementation on blood lipid profile and antioxidant system were investigated in rats with and without swimming exercise. Sprague-Dawley rats of four experimental groups were fed for 4 weeks diets containing <TEX>$15\%$</TEX> beef tallow and <TEX>$1\%$</TEX> cholesterol; control without garlic and exercise, Go with <TEX>$2\%$</TEX> garlic alone, ...
Shin Yun-A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the changes of both oxidant and antioxidant levels with exercise training in obese middle-aged women. The association between telomere length and oxidative stress with exercise was also examined. Sixteen obese middle-aged women participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into ...
Hsu Mei-Chi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Baduanjin exercise on oxidative stress, antioxidant status and quality of life in middle-aged women. A quasi-experimental design was adopted. Subjects were 31 middle-aged women. Subjects completed a supervised and standardized Baduanjin exercise program 3 times a week for 12 ...
Wang Jianxiong - - 2008
Home-based exercise training, applied as the primary treatment in patients with intermittent claudication, has produced inconsistent effects on walking capacity in previous published studies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a home-based exercise training program could maintain improved walking capacity and other functional variables achieved through ...
Neubauer Oliver - - 2008
Both a systemic inflammatory response as well as DNA damage has been observed following exhaustive endurance exercise. Hypothetically, exercise-induced DNA damage might either be a consequence of inflammatory processes or causally involved in inflammation and immunological alterations after strenuous prolonged exercise (e.g. by inducing lymphocyte apoptosis and lymphocytopenia). Nevertheless, up ...
Woźniak Bartosz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol consumption induces an increase in oxidative stress. There are studies that indicate changes in the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the concentration of lipid peroxidation products in the blood of organisms as a result of alcohol consumption, but published results are somewhat conflicting. The aim was to ...
Gomez-Cabrera Mari-Carmen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise practitioners often take vitamin C supplements because intense muscular contractile activity can result in oxidative stress, as indicated by altered muscle and blood glutathione concentrations and increases in protein, DNA, and lipid peroxidation. There is, however, considerable debate regarding the beneficial health effects of vitamin C supplementation. OBJECTIVE: ...
Cha Youn-Soo - - 2008
Data on the functionalities of L-carnitine on obesity, diabetes, and as an ergogenic aid are summarized as follows: Obesity: Total lipid, triglyceride, and total protein increased during the 3T3-L1 cell differentiation. However, nonesterified carnitine (NEC), acid-soluble acylcarnitine (ASAC), and acid-insoluble acylcarnitine (AIAC) concentrations were lower in the differentiated 3T3-L1 cells. ...
Cooke Matthew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To determine whether acute (single dose) and/or chronic (14-days) supplementation of CoQ10 will improve anaerobic and/or aerobic exercise performance by increasing plasma and muscle CoQ10 concentrations within trained and untrained individuals. METHODS: Twenty-two aerobically trained and nineteen untrained male and female subjects (26.1 +/- 7.6 yrs, 172 +/- 8.7 ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2008
The main aim of this investigation was to evaluate the changes in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and aerobic and anaerobic performance induced by supplementation of coffeeberry (CB) formulation for 4 weeks in college athletes. Twenty college athletes (14 males and 6 females) were allocated to two randomly assigned trials. Subjects ...
González David - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on uric acid (UA), total antioxidant activity (TAA), lipid hydroperoxides, and nitric oxide (NO) metabolites in human saliva. Twenty-four healthy male and female subjects were studied during a 10,000-m race. Saliva samples were collected 1 h before ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2008
The aim of this article is to present the effects of acute muscle-damaging exercise on oxidative stress/damage of animal and human tissues using a quantitative approach and focusing on the time-course of exercise effects. The reviewed studies employed eccentric contractions on a dynamometer or downhill running. The statistical power of ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to determine whether the consumption of a functional drink enriched with vitamin C and vitamin E could alleviate exercise-induced oxidative damage in lymphocytes. METHODS: Fourteen male amateur trained runners (32-36 years old) were randomized to receive antioxidant supplementation (152 mg vitamin C/day and 50 mg vitamin ...
Attipoe Selasi - - 2008
This study investigated whether postmenopausal women on HRT would experience a greater reduction in oxidative stress after 24 weeks of aerobic exercise training compared to postmenopausal women not on HRT. Plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), an indicator of oxidative stress, was measured in 48 previously sedentary postmenopausal women on ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2008
Acute bouts of aerobic and anaerobic exercise can induce a state of oxidative stress, as indicated by an increase in oxidized molecules in a variety of tissues and body fluids. The extent of oxidation is dependent on the exercise mode, intensity, and duration, and is specifically related to the degree ...
Rizzo Annalisa - - 2008
Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are produced during oxidative metabolism, and regulate many biological processes. The acute inflammation characterizing parturition induces many physiological changes. Among them, there is evidence that ROS affect the synthesis of many factors involved in parturition. Our study aims to determine serum levels of ROS in periparturient ...
Carlsohn Anja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The reactive oxygen species produced as a result of exercise might exceed an individual's antioxidant defence system. Various endogenous antioxidants are elevated in adult athletes, resulting in an improved antioxidant capacity. However, little is known about antioxidant defence in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine presumed ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemodialyzed patients (HD) demonstrate elevated oxidative stress (OXS) levels. Exercise effects on OXS response and antioxidant status of HD was investigated in the present study. METHODS: Twelve HD and 12 healthy controls (HC) performed a graded exercise protocol. Blood samples, collected prior to and following exercise, were analyzed for ...
Marañón Gonzalo - - 2008
Exercise induces changes in several organs and tissues, and this process might be due to oxidative damage caused by free radicals and inflammatory mediators. Methyl Sulphonyl Methane, better known as MSM, is a naturally occurring sulphur compound with well-known antioxidant properties. On the other hand, Vitamin C is important in ...
Yasuda, Nobuo
The purpose of this study consisting of three projects was to determine the effects of long-term strenuous exercise on oxidative DNA damage and proteinuria in trained individuals. In the first project, four successive triathlons accompanied by long-term training in a triathlete was chosen as the experimental design and procedure. In ...
Sarathy Siva R - - 2007
The impact of hydroxyl radical (*OH) on the molecular weight distribution of natural organic matter (NOM) was investigated. *OH was generated via the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation of 254 nm, also known as UV/ H2O2 advanced oxidation (AO). Additionally, the impact of combined membrane and ...
Kyparos A - - 2007
AIM: Exercise is associated with the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. This study examined the oxidative stress in response to a novel volitional fatigue test. METHODS: Eleven male college students performed a volitional fatigue test consisting of shuttle runs with a tennis racquet in the hand towards the ...
Sinha Sanchari - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several studies suggest that yoga can decrease oxidative stress. However reports are scanty regarding whether yoga training can improve the glutathione level of individual. This study is designed to appraise the role of yoga in maintaining glutathione (reduced and oxidized) levels and antioxidant status. STUDY DESIGN: This study was ...
McAnulty S R - - 2007
Urate is a metabolic end product of purine metabolism that contributes about 66% of the antioxidant capacity of plasma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the importance of plasma urate as an antioxidant using pharmacological lowering and examining the impact on plasma antioxidant capacity and oxidative stress after ...
Rietjens Saskia J - - 2007
PURPOSE: During exercise, the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species significantly increases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a single session of resistance exercise on antioxidant capacity, oxidative damage, and inflammation. METHODS: Muscle biopsies, urine, and blood samples were collected from seven healthy ...
Wajda Rudi - - 2007
Commercial coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) formulations often show poor intestinal absorption. Delivery of CoQ(10) and vitamin E was enhanced when used with a new formulation, NanoSolve (Lipoid GmbH, Ludwigshafen, Germany), as shown by an open, comparative monocenter, crossover study of 24 volunteers. Plasma CoQ(10) and vitamin E ...
Goldfarb Allan H - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of gender and antioxidant supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress. Twenty-five men and 23 women ran for 30 min at 80% VO2 max, once before and once after 2 weeks of supplementation, and again after a 1-week wash-out period. Subjects were ...
Zembron-Lacny Agnieszka - - 2007
The aim of this study was to ascertain the influence of cysteine derivatives on pro-antioxidant equilibrium and to compare the antioxidant effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, and taurine by using Loverro's coefficient (pro-antioxidant ratio) in healthy men exposed to intensity-resistance exercise. Fifty-five men were randomly assigned to one of four ...
Cui Li L Department of Neuroscience, Evelyn F. & William L. McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, PO Box 100244, Gainesville, FL 32610-0244, - - 2009
Aging was associated with increased oxidation of DNA, RNA, and lipids in the cerebellum of male rats. DNA and lipid oxidation was reduced by lifelong (94 weeks) voluntary exercise on a running wheel. A reduction in cerebellar lipid oxidation, but not RNA or DNA oxidation, was observed following 3 months ...
Takumida Masaya - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that edaravone prevented the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Edaravone also delayed the formation of endolymphatic hydrops in guinea pigs, but had no effect on endolymphatic hydrops. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the protective effect of a free radical scavenger, edaravone, on endolymphatic hydrops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
La Carbona Stephanie - - 2007
The opportunistic pathogen Enterococcus faecalis is well equipped with peroxidatic activities. It harbours three loci encoding a NADH peroxidase, an alkyl hydroperoxide reductase and a protein (EF2932) belonging to the AhpC/TSA family. We present results demonstrating that ef2932 does encode a thiol peroxidase (Tpx) and show that it is part ...
Aguiar Aderbal S AS - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of intense exercise on brain redox status, associated with antioxidant supplementation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), deferoxamine (DFX) or a combination of both. Seventy-two C57BL-6 adult male mice were randomly assigned to 8 groups: control, NAC, DFX, NAC plus DFX, exercise, exercise ...
Cechetti Fernanda - - 2008
Daily moderate intensity exercise (2 weeks of 20 min/day of treadmill training), which reduces damage to hippocampal slices from rats submitted to in vitro ischemia, did not modify oxidative stress parameters in the hippocampus nor the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in different brain regions. The aim was to investigate ...
Teixeira Angélica M - - 2008
Several neurological diseases are related to oxidative stress (OS) and neurotoxicity. Considering that physical exercise may exert beneficial effects on antioxidant defenses, our objective was to evaluate the influence of a swimming exercise on an OS animal model (reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia). In this model, the increased dopamine metabolism can generate ...
Atamna Hani - - 2008
Methylene blue (MB) has been used clinically for about a century to treat numerous ailments. We show that MB and other diaminophenothiazines extend the life span of human IMR90 fibroblasts in tissue culture by >20 population doubling (PDLs). MB delays senescence at nM levels in IMR90 by enhancing mitochondrial function. ...
Goto Sataro - - 2007
To explore mechanisms of the beneficial consequences of regular exercise, we studied the effects of regular swimming and treadmill exercise on oxidative stress in the brain and liver of rats. Protein carbonyl was significantly reduced and the activity of proteasome was upregulated in the brain extracts of young and middle-aged ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously generated during aerobic metabolism. Certain levels of ROS, which could be dependent on the type of cell, cell age, history of ROS exposure, etc., could facilitate specific cell functions. Indeed, ROS stimulate a number of stress responses and activate gene expression for a wide ...
Elokda Ahmed S - - 2007
PURPOSE: The glutathione (GSH) antioxidant system has been shown to play an important role in the maintenance of good health and disease prevention. Various approaches have been used to enhance GSH availability including diet, nutritional supplementation, and drug administration, with minor to moderate success. Exercise training has evolved as a ...
Sahin Ayşe Saide - - 2007
We studied the inotropic and possible antioxidant effects of levosimendan in human atrial strips, before and after induction of oxidative stress induced by H2O2. Levosimendan (10(-9) to 10(-6) M) increased contractions induced by electrical stimulation (ES) in human atrial strips. The maximal positive inotropic effect of levosimendan was 145.6 +/- ...
Ji Li Li - - 2007
Activation of nuclear factor (NF) kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in skeletal muscle has been shown to enhance the gene expression of several enzymes that play an important role in maintaining oxidant-antioxidant homeostasis, such as mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). While an acute ...
Tsakiris S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate PON 1/Aryl activities in basketball players with or without alpha-T supplementation pre- and post-training. Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol, alpha-T) reduces lipid peroxidation. Paraoxonase 1/arylesterase (PON 1/Aryl) activities are closely related to oxidation and atherogenesis. SUBJECT/METHODS: Blood was obtained from 10 players pre- (group A), post-exercise (group B) and ...
Giacomelli Lisa - - 2007
Arabidopsis chloroplasts have a multi-layered defense against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) that includes a stromal and thylakoid ascorbate peroxidase (sAPX and tAPX). Single and double null mutants in SAPX and TAPX (sapx and tapx) were each crossed with ascorbate deficient vtc2. The single, double and triple mutants did not show visual ...
Aguiló Antoni - - 2007
The effects of antioxidant diet supplements on blood lactate concentration and on the aerobic and anaerobic thresholds and their adaptations to training were analysed. Fifteen amateur male athletes were randomly assigned to either a placebo group or an antioxidant-supplemented group (90 days supplementation with 500 mg x day(-1) of vitamin ...
Paschalis Vassilis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of eccentric exercise on the time-course changes in several indices of muscle damage and blood oxidative stress was examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isometric torque, delayed-onset muscle soreness, creatine kinase, reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), thiobarbituric-acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyls, catalase, uric acid, bilirubin and total ...
Vutukuru Sesha Srinivas - - 2007
Arsenic and hexavalent chromium toxicity results from their ability to interact with sulfahydryl groups of proteins and enzymes, and to substitute phosphorus in a variety of biochemical reactions. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT; E.C: 2.6.1.2) and Aspartate amino transferase (AST; EC 2.6.1.1) play a crucial role in transamination reactions and can be ...
Varghese Boby - - 2008
The seeds of Azadirachta indica were successfully cryopreserved for 12 months with 45% survival following drying to 0.16 g H(2)O g(-1) dry mass (DM). Highest survival (94-96%) was recorded during the first month of cryostorage. Subsequent cryopreservation up to 12 months resulted in decreasing germination. Post-thawing pre-heat treatment enhanced the ...
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