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Results 551 - 600 of 1377
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Cooke Matthew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To determine whether acute (single dose) and/or chronic (14-days) supplementation of CoQ10 will improve anaerobic and/or aerobic exercise performance by increasing plasma and muscle CoQ10 concentrations within trained and untrained individuals. METHODS: Twenty-two aerobically trained and nineteen untrained male and female subjects (26.1 +/- 7.6 yrs, 172 +/- 8.7 ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2008
The main aim of this investigation was to evaluate the changes in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and aerobic and anaerobic performance induced by supplementation of coffeeberry (CB) formulation for 4 weeks in college athletes. Twenty college athletes (14 males and 6 females) were allocated to two randomly assigned trials. Subjects ...
González David - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on uric acid (UA), total antioxidant activity (TAA), lipid hydroperoxides, and nitric oxide (NO) metabolites in human saliva. Twenty-four healthy male and female subjects were studied during a 10,000-m race. Saliva samples were collected 1 h before ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2008
The aim of this article is to present the effects of acute muscle-damaging exercise on oxidative stress/damage of animal and human tissues using a quantitative approach and focusing on the time-course of exercise effects. The reviewed studies employed eccentric contractions on a dynamometer or downhill running. The statistical power of ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to determine whether the consumption of a functional drink enriched with vitamin C and vitamin E could alleviate exercise-induced oxidative damage in lymphocytes. METHODS: Fourteen male amateur trained runners (32-36 years old) were randomized to receive antioxidant supplementation (152 mg vitamin C/day and 50 mg vitamin ...
Attipoe Selasi - - 2008
This study investigated whether postmenopausal women on HRT would experience a greater reduction in oxidative stress after 24 weeks of aerobic exercise training compared to postmenopausal women not on HRT. Plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), an indicator of oxidative stress, was measured in 48 previously sedentary postmenopausal women on ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2008
Acute bouts of aerobic and anaerobic exercise can induce a state of oxidative stress, as indicated by an increase in oxidized molecules in a variety of tissues and body fluids. The extent of oxidation is dependent on the exercise mode, intensity, and duration, and is specifically related to the degree ...
Rizzo Annalisa - - 2008
Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are produced during oxidative metabolism, and regulate many biological processes. The acute inflammation characterizing parturition induces many physiological changes. Among them, there is evidence that ROS affect the synthesis of many factors involved in parturition. Our study aims to determine serum levels of ROS in periparturient ...
Carlsohn Anja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The reactive oxygen species produced as a result of exercise might exceed an individual's antioxidant defence system. Various endogenous antioxidants are elevated in adult athletes, resulting in an improved antioxidant capacity. However, little is known about antioxidant defence in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine presumed ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemodialyzed patients (HD) demonstrate elevated oxidative stress (OXS) levels. Exercise effects on OXS response and antioxidant status of HD was investigated in the present study. METHODS: Twelve HD and 12 healthy controls (HC) performed a graded exercise protocol. Blood samples, collected prior to and following exercise, were analyzed for ...
Marañón Gonzalo - - 2008
Exercise induces changes in several organs and tissues, and this process might be due to oxidative damage caused by free radicals and inflammatory mediators. Methyl Sulphonyl Methane, better known as MSM, is a naturally occurring sulphur compound with well-known antioxidant properties. On the other hand, Vitamin C is important in ...
Yasuda, Nobuo
The purpose of this study consisting of three projects was to determine the effects of long-term strenuous exercise on oxidative DNA damage and proteinuria in trained individuals. In the first project, four successive triathlons accompanied by long-term training in a triathlete was chosen as the experimental design and procedure. In ...
Sarathy Siva R - - 2007
The impact of hydroxyl radical (*OH) on the molecular weight distribution of natural organic matter (NOM) was investigated. *OH was generated via the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation of 254 nm, also known as UV/ H2O2 advanced oxidation (AO). Additionally, the impact of combined membrane and ...
Kyparos A - - 2007
AIM: Exercise is associated with the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. This study examined the oxidative stress in response to a novel volitional fatigue test. METHODS: Eleven male college students performed a volitional fatigue test consisting of shuttle runs with a tennis racquet in the hand towards the ...
Sinha Sanchari - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several studies suggest that yoga can decrease oxidative stress. However reports are scanty regarding whether yoga training can improve the glutathione level of individual. This study is designed to appraise the role of yoga in maintaining glutathione (reduced and oxidized) levels and antioxidant status. STUDY DESIGN: This study was ...
McAnulty S R - - 2007
Urate is a metabolic end product of purine metabolism that contributes about 66% of the antioxidant capacity of plasma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the importance of plasma urate as an antioxidant using pharmacological lowering and examining the impact on plasma antioxidant capacity and oxidative stress after ...
Rietjens Saskia J - - 2007
PURPOSE: During exercise, the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species significantly increases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a single session of resistance exercise on antioxidant capacity, oxidative damage, and inflammation. METHODS: Muscle biopsies, urine, and blood samples were collected from seven healthy ...
Wajda Rudi - - 2007
Commercial coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) formulations often show poor intestinal absorption. Delivery of CoQ(10) and vitamin E was enhanced when used with a new formulation, NanoSolve (Lipoid GmbH, Ludwigshafen, Germany), as shown by an open, comparative monocenter, crossover study of 24 volunteers. Plasma CoQ(10) and vitamin E ...
Goldfarb Allan H - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of gender and antioxidant supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress. Twenty-five men and 23 women ran for 30 min at 80% VO2 max, once before and once after 2 weeks of supplementation, and again after a 1-week wash-out period. Subjects were ...
Zembron-Lacny Agnieszka - - 2007
The aim of this study was to ascertain the influence of cysteine derivatives on pro-antioxidant equilibrium and to compare the antioxidant effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, and taurine by using Loverro's coefficient (pro-antioxidant ratio) in healthy men exposed to intensity-resistance exercise. Fifty-five men were randomly assigned to one of four ...
Cui Li L Department of Neuroscience, Evelyn F. & William L. McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, PO Box 100244, Gainesville, FL 32610-0244, - - 2009
Aging was associated with increased oxidation of DNA, RNA, and lipids in the cerebellum of male rats. DNA and lipid oxidation was reduced by lifelong (94 weeks) voluntary exercise on a running wheel. A reduction in cerebellar lipid oxidation, but not RNA or DNA oxidation, was observed following 3 months ...
Takumida Masaya - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that edaravone prevented the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Edaravone also delayed the formation of endolymphatic hydrops in guinea pigs, but had no effect on endolymphatic hydrops. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the protective effect of a free radical scavenger, edaravone, on endolymphatic hydrops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
La Carbona Stephanie - - 2007
The opportunistic pathogen Enterococcus faecalis is well equipped with peroxidatic activities. It harbours three loci encoding a NADH peroxidase, an alkyl hydroperoxide reductase and a protein (EF2932) belonging to the AhpC/TSA family. We present results demonstrating that ef2932 does encode a thiol peroxidase (Tpx) and show that it is part ...
Aguiar Aderbal S AS - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of intense exercise on brain redox status, associated with antioxidant supplementation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), deferoxamine (DFX) or a combination of both. Seventy-two C57BL-6 adult male mice were randomly assigned to 8 groups: control, NAC, DFX, NAC plus DFX, exercise, exercise ...
Cechetti Fernanda - - 2008
Daily moderate intensity exercise (2 weeks of 20 min/day of treadmill training), which reduces damage to hippocampal slices from rats submitted to in vitro ischemia, did not modify oxidative stress parameters in the hippocampus nor the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in different brain regions. The aim was to investigate ...
Teixeira Angélica M - - 2008
Several neurological diseases are related to oxidative stress (OS) and neurotoxicity. Considering that physical exercise may exert beneficial effects on antioxidant defenses, our objective was to evaluate the influence of a swimming exercise on an OS animal model (reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia). In this model, the increased dopamine metabolism can generate ...
Atamna Hani - - 2008
Methylene blue (MB) has been used clinically for about a century to treat numerous ailments. We show that MB and other diaminophenothiazines extend the life span of human IMR90 fibroblasts in tissue culture by >20 population doubling (PDLs). MB delays senescence at nM levels in IMR90 by enhancing mitochondrial function. ...
Goto Sataro - - 2007
To explore mechanisms of the beneficial consequences of regular exercise, we studied the effects of regular swimming and treadmill exercise on oxidative stress in the brain and liver of rats. Protein carbonyl was significantly reduced and the activity of proteasome was upregulated in the brain extracts of young and middle-aged ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously generated during aerobic metabolism. Certain levels of ROS, which could be dependent on the type of cell, cell age, history of ROS exposure, etc., could facilitate specific cell functions. Indeed, ROS stimulate a number of stress responses and activate gene expression for a wide ...
Elokda Ahmed S - - 2007
PURPOSE: The glutathione (GSH) antioxidant system has been shown to play an important role in the maintenance of good health and disease prevention. Various approaches have been used to enhance GSH availability including diet, nutritional supplementation, and drug administration, with minor to moderate success. Exercise training has evolved as a ...
Sahin Ay┼če Saide - - 2007
We studied the inotropic and possible antioxidant effects of levosimendan in human atrial strips, before and after induction of oxidative stress induced by H2O2. Levosimendan (10(-9) to 10(-6) M) increased contractions induced by electrical stimulation (ES) in human atrial strips. The maximal positive inotropic effect of levosimendan was 145.6 +/- ...
Ji Li Li - - 2007
Activation of nuclear factor (NF) kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in skeletal muscle has been shown to enhance the gene expression of several enzymes that play an important role in maintaining oxidant-antioxidant homeostasis, such as mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). While an acute ...
Tsakiris S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate PON 1/Aryl activities in basketball players with or without alpha-T supplementation pre- and post-training. Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol, alpha-T) reduces lipid peroxidation. Paraoxonase 1/arylesterase (PON 1/Aryl) activities are closely related to oxidation and atherogenesis. SUBJECT/METHODS: Blood was obtained from 10 players pre- (group A), post-exercise (group B) and ...
Giacomelli Lisa - - 2007
Arabidopsis chloroplasts have a multi-layered defense against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) that includes a stromal and thylakoid ascorbate peroxidase (sAPX and tAPX). Single and double null mutants in SAPX and TAPX (sapx and tapx) were each crossed with ascorbate deficient vtc2. The single, double and triple mutants did not show visual ...
Aguiló Antoni - - 2007
The effects of antioxidant diet supplements on blood lactate concentration and on the aerobic and anaerobic thresholds and their adaptations to training were analysed. Fifteen amateur male athletes were randomly assigned to either a placebo group or an antioxidant-supplemented group (90 days supplementation with 500 mg x day(-1) of vitamin ...
Paschalis Vassilis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of eccentric exercise on the time-course changes in several indices of muscle damage and blood oxidative stress was examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isometric torque, delayed-onset muscle soreness, creatine kinase, reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), thiobarbituric-acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyls, catalase, uric acid, bilirubin and total ...
Vutukuru Sesha Srinivas - - 2007
Arsenic and hexavalent chromium toxicity results from their ability to interact with sulfahydryl groups of proteins and enzymes, and to substitute phosphorus in a variety of biochemical reactions. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT; E.C: 2.6.1.2) and Aspartate amino transferase (AST; EC 2.6.1.1) play a crucial role in transamination reactions and can be ...
Varghese Boby - - 2008
The seeds of Azadirachta indica were successfully cryopreserved for 12 months with 45% survival following drying to 0.16 g H(2)O g(-1) dry mass (DM). Highest survival (94-96%) was recorded during the first month of cryostorage. Subsequent cryopreservation up to 12 months resulted in decreasing germination. Post-thawing pre-heat treatment enhanced the ...
Radak Zsolt - - 2008
Physical inactivity leads to increased incidence of a variety of diseases and it can be regarded as one of the end points of the exercise-associated hormesis curve. On the other hand, regular exercise, with moderate intensity and duration, has a wide range of beneficial effects on the body including the ...
Singh Indrapal N - - 2007
Peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative damage has been implicated in brain mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which precedes the onset of neuronal loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the detrimental effects of the peroxynitrite donor SIN-1 (3-morpholinosydnonimine) on isolated brain mitochondria and to screen penicillamine, a stoichiometric ...
Gonchar O A - - 2007
The effects of various modes of interval hypoxic training differing by the intensity and duration of hypoxic exposure on the morphology and antioxidant status of the heart and lung tissues were studied. Interval hypoxic training mode with more severe, but shorter hypoxic component led to the prooxidant/antioxidant imbalance in the ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2007
We examined the influence of 3 consecutive days of high-intensity cycling on blood and urinary markers of oxidative stress. Eight highly-trained male cyclists (VO2 max 76 +/- 4 mL.kg-1.min-1; mean +/- SD) completed an interval session (9 exercise bouts lasting 30 s each, at 150% peak power output) on day ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2007
We studied the effects of intense exercise on the neutrophil antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression. Blood samples were taken from seven cyclists in basal conditions and 3 h after two competition stages of 165 km. Serum creatine kinase (CK) activity, plasma carbonyl derivatives and uric acid levels increased after ...
Zinellu A - - 2007
An important defence against free radicals is represented by plasma low molecular weight (LMW) thiols that compose a dynamic system of reduced and oxidized forms able to act as a buffer redox system. This study examined the effect of an acute graded exercise bout on LMW thiols in 16 young ...
Sachdev Sean - - 2008
Free radicals (particularly oxygen- and nitrogen-centered radicals), and related reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, are generated in cells and tissues during exercise. Mitochondria (actually, 'leakage' of electrons from ubisemiquinone and other electron transport chain components), xanthine oxidase, and phagocytes such as neutrophils may all contribute to free radical production. In ...
Rosa Eloi F - - 2007
It has been shown that exercise is helpful against brain disorders. However, this may not be true for intense exercise (IE). Because it is easy to misadjust exercise intensity with physical condition, it is essential to know the effects of IE on cognitive process because it may have important consequences ...
Chawla K - - 2007
Fitness is the ability of the organism to maintain the various internal equilibriums as closely as possible to the resting state during strenuous exercise and to restore promptly after exercise. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fitness and correlate it with anti-oxidant levels of 50 male ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of repeated muscle-damaging exercise on the time-course changes in several indices of muscle damage, and to compare them with changes in blood oxidative stress indices. METHODS: Twelve females underwent an isokinetic exercise session consisting of 75 lengthening knee flexions, which was repeated after 3 wk. ...
Michailidis Yiannis - - 2007
PURPOSE: To thoroughly investigate the time-course changes of several commonly used markers of oxidative stress by performing serial measurements during a 24-h period after an acute bout of strenuous cardiovascular exercise. METHODS: Eleven untrained men performed two trials. In the experimental trial, the subjects exercised for 45 min at 70-75% ...
Piccione, Giuseppe; Department of ...
The aim of the present study was to find possible relationships between physical exercise and oxidative stress in thoroughbreds during official races. For this purpose six healthy and trained thoroughbreds were used. Blood samples were collected from all horses at rest, immediately after the race, and 30 and 180 min ...
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