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Results 501 - 550 of 1394
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Toldy Anna - - 2009
Regular swimming and phytotherapeutic supplementation are assumed to alleviate the severity of neurodegeneration leading to dementia. The effect of swimming training and that of enriched lab chow containing 1% (w/w) dried nettle (Urtica dioica) leaf on the prevention of severity of brain injury caused by N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) lesion in Wistar ...
Billiet Ludivine - - 2008
The regulation of cellular reduction/oxidation (redox) balance is critically determined by several antioxidant systems such as the thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) which reduces disulfides on targeted proteins. In addition, intracellular Trx-1 exerts most of its antioxidant properties through scavenging of reactive oxygen species. Moreover, it acts as a cofactor for several enzymes ...
Stack Edward C - - 2008
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor dysfunction, emotional disturbances, dementia, and weight loss. It is caused by an expanded trinucleotide CAG repeat in the gene coding for the protein, huntingtin. Although no one specific interaction of mutant huntingtin has been suggested to ...
Seifi-Skishahr F - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the oxidative stress response to aerobic exercise at high and moderate intensities. METHODS: Twenty healthy untrained men were randomly allocated into two groups: moderate intensity (MI) and high intensity (HI). Subjects of group MI and HI ran on the treadmill for ...
Quindry John C - - 2008
Previous research indicates that ultramarathon exercise can result in blood oxidative stress. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the efficacy of oral supplementation with quercetin, a naturally occurring compound with known antioxidant properties, as a potential countermeasure against blood oxidative stress during an ultramarathon competition. In double-blind fashion, ...
Margaritis I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evidence oxidative damage and erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities during long term bed rest (LTBR) and recovery, while verifying the prophylactic effects of resistance exercise on LTBR-induced oxidative damage. DESIGN AND METHODS: 11 healthy male participated in the study. Nutrient intakes were monitored. ...
Tyurin Vladimir A VA Center for Free Radical and Antioxidant Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2008
The molecular diversity of phospholipids is essential for their structural and signaling functions in cell membranes. In the current work, we present, the results of mass spectrometric characterization of individual molecular species in major classes of phospholipids -- phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn), phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), sphingomyelin (CerPCho), and cardiolipin ...
Mignini Fiorenzo - - 2008
The present work has used controlled conditions to study how physical activity and stress affect oxidant and anti-oxidant systems in a human model. Stress test consisting of one hour exercise at a cycloergometer with intensity over the 75% of the maximal cardiac frequency was followed by non-significant changes of malonyldialdehyde, ...
Myouga Fumiyoshi - - 2008
There are three iron superoxide dismutases in Arabidopsis thaliana: FE SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE1 (FSD1), FSD2, and FSD3. Their biological roles in chloroplast development are unknown. Here, we show that FSD2 and FSD3 play essential roles in early chloroplast development, whereas FSD1, which is found in the cytoplasm, does not. An fsd2-1 ...
Siamilis S - - 2009
This study was designed to investigate the effects of oxidant and antioxidant treatment, as well as regular exercise, on neurotrophin levels in the spinal cord of rats. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in neurodegenerative diseases, but ROS at moderate levels could stimulate biochemical processes through redox-sensitive transcription. Exercised ...
Luo Yan - - 2009
Plant helicases are known to be involved in salinity and low-temperature tolerance. However, a functional involvement of helicases in the antioxidative response of plants has not been described. We have isolated a DEAD-box-containing cDNA sequence from Medicago sativa (alfalfa) that is a homolog of the pea DNA helicase 45 (PDH45) ...
Herspring Kyle F - - 2008
Aged rats exhibit a decreased muscle microvascular O(2) partial pressure (Pmv(O(2))) at rest and during contractions compared with young rats. Age-related reductions in nitric oxide bioavailability due, in part, to elevated reactive O(2) species, constrain muscle blood flow (Qm). Antioxidants may restore nitric oxide bioavailability, Qm, and ameliorate the reduced ...
Jana Kuladip - - 2008
To investigate the ameliorative potential of sodium selenite and zinc sulfate on intensive-swimming-induced testicular disorders, 48 Wistar male rats (age, 4 months; mass, 146.2 +/- 3.6 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups: the unexercised-control group (n = 12); the exercised group (n = 12); the control supplemented group (n ...
Aguiar Aderbal S AS - - 2008
Considerable evidence has indicated a pro-oxidant status in the brain of people with Down's syndrome (DS), which may contribute to motor and cognitive impairments verified in this condition. On the other hand, previous studies addressing the role of physical exercise on oxidative stress and antioxidant status in DS have indicated ...
Gomes Valéria A - - 2008
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) denotes a clustering of risk factors that may affect nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and predispose to cardiovascular diseases, which are delayed by exercise training. However, no previous study has examined how MetS affects markers of NO formation, and whether exercise training increases NO formation in MetS patients. ...
Davison G W GW University of Ulster at Jordanstown, County Antrim, BT37 OQB, UK - - 2008
Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are more susceptible than healthy individuals to exercise-induced oxidative stress and vascular endothelial dysfunction, which has important implications for the progression of disease. Thus, in the present study, we designed a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to test the original hypothesis that oral prophylaxis with ...
Atsumi T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Free radicals/reactive oxygen species (ROS) are related to inflammation, aging, and cancer. However, living systems have essential antioxidant mechanisms by which these harmful radicals can be scavenged, i.e., free radical-scavenging activity (FRSA). We measured the circadian rhythm of such activities by detecting salivary FRSA in healthy adults, ...
Larcombe S D - - 2008
Antioxidants are known to play an important role in quenching reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus ameliorating oxidative stress. Since increased metabolism associated with exercise can increase oxidative stress, dietary antioxidants may be a limiting factor in determining aspects of physical performance. Here we tested whether oxidative stress associated with flight ...
Melikoglu M A - - 2008
AIM: It has been reported that exercise induces oxidative stress and causes adaptations in antioxidant defenses. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of regular long term training on antioxidant enzymatic activities consisting of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathion peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in a ...
Zhang Caiya - - 2008
Phytochemicals such as phenolics and flavonoids, which are present in rice grains, are associated with reduced risk of developing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. The phenolic and flavonoid compounds in rice grain also contribute to the antioxidant activity. Biofortification of rice grain by ...
Esfandiari E - - 2008
An investigation was conducted to study the effect of water stress on the antioxidant content, protective enzyme activities, proline content and lipid peroxidation in wheat seedlings. Drought stress increases the amount of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), leading to metabolic disorders. It is now known that higher levels of activity-protective mechanisms ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2008
Oxidative stress seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). Exercise training can increase endogenous antioxidant protection and decrease the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of exercise training on oxidative status in persons with PD. METHODS: Sixteen subjects with PD ...
Medhi B - - 2008
Manuka honey (MH, 5g/kg) provided protection against trinitro-benzo-sulphonic acid induced colonic damage. Combination therapy (MH+sulfasalazine) also reduced colonic inflammation and all the biochemical parameters were significant compared to control and MH alone treated group. Combination therapy showed additive effect of the MH which restored lipid peroxidation and improvement of antioxidant ...
Garelnabi Mahdi O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Free oxygen radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of many diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, cancer and aging. Several methods were developed for the direct or indirect measurement of oxygen free radical and its byproducts. The free oxygen radicals monitor (FORM) is a novel point-of-care system ...
Goldfarb A H - - 2008
Seven weight-trained males performed both light resistance with partial occlusion (LRO: 30% 1 RM) and moderate resistance (MR: 70% 1 RM) to failure to ascertain whether blood protein carbonyls (PC) and glutathione status was altered compared to partial occlusion (PO) in a counterbalanced fashion. PO was identical in duration to ...
Foo L H - - 2009
Little is known about the prevalence of actual vitamin D deficiency in healthy school-aged adolescents, particularly in China. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and to identify whether there was any association between vitamin D status, body composition and physical exercise in 323 ...
Jou Mei-Jie - - 2008
Astrocytes, in addition to passively supporting neurons, have recently been shown to be actively involved in synaptic transmission and neurovascular coupling in the central nervous system (CNS). This review summarizes briefly our previous observations using fluorescent probes coupled with laser scanning digital imaging microscopy to visualize spatio-temporal alteration of mitochondrial ...
Ewen John G - - 2008
Carotenoids are integument pigments that often reflect foraging efficiency, disease resistance and body condition. In contrast to the widespread attention this relationship has received in adult birds, the condition dependence of nestling colouration remains an understudied component of animal communication. Here we assess the condition dependence of carotenoid pigmentation in ...
Margaritis I - - 2008
Physical training is known to induce a biochemical adaptive response which might require an increase in the ingestion and/or the absorption of micronutrients. A question that is still being raised is whether acute or chronic exercise modifies antioxidant requirements. First, the present review brings to light the most crucial studies ...
Nakhostin-Roohi B - - 2008
AIM: Hypothetically, supplementation with the antioxidant vitamins C could alleviate exercise-induced lipid peroxidation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on exercise-induced lipid peroxidation, muscle damage and inflammation. METHODS: Sixteen healthy untrained male volunteers participated in a 30-min exercise at 75% Vo2max. Subjects ...
Skarpanska-Stejnborn Anna - - 2008
High-intensity physical exercise decreases intracellular antioxidant potential. An enhanced antioxidant defense system is desirable in people subjected to exhaustive exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of supplementation with artichoke-leaf extract on parameters describing balance between oxidants and antioxidants in competitive rowers. This double-blinded study was ...
Chae Chang-Hun - - 2008
We investigated the effect of DL-alpha-lipoic acid (LA) supplementation and regular aerobic exercise on the concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) and vitamin E, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and the levels of glutathione (GSH) in rat skeletal muscles (soleus and red gastrocnemius). For 8 weeks, rats ...
Motta S - - 2009
The aim of this placebo-controlled study was to investigate the effects of oral vitamin E supplementation for 10 weeks on exercise-induced oxidative damage in untrained dogs. Eight dogs were randomly assigned to a supplementation (n=4) or control (n=4) group and underwent two isolated submaximal exercise sessions, 10 weeks apart. Blood ...
Hibbert Osita - - 2008
Hamstring strains are the most common soft-tissue injury observed in recreational and athletic activities, yet no consensus exists regarding appropriate primary and secondary strategies to prevent these strains. Eccentric exercise has been reported to reduce the incidence of ham-string strains but its role has not been clearly defined. The objective ...
Avilez Ive Marchioni - - 2008
Parameters of the antioxidant defense systems of Brycon amazonicus (matrinxã--a neotropical fish) exposed to phenol for 96 h plus the recovery over 1 and 2 weeks were studied in erythrocytes and liver. Hematocrit increase was observed during phenol exposure and recovery for 1 week. Total superoxide dismutases (SOD), glutathione peroxidase ...
Beheshtian Azadeh - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The role of endogenous cannabinoids in ischemia/reperfusion induced germ cell apoptosis in rats was investigated. METHODS: Baseline group was for basal normal values. The Sham operated group served as a control group. The torsion/detorsion (T/D) group underwent torsion (1 h) and detorsion; AN1, AN2, and AN3 groups received anandamide ...
Rakpongsiri Kedsara - - 2008
The combined effect of creatine (Cr) or estrogen (E(2)) with exercise training on cardiac reserve function and antioxidant reservation against oxidative stress were investigated in ovariectomized female Golden Syrian hamsters. One hundred animals were divided into nonexercise and exercise-trained groups, in which each group was separated into the control and ...
Kakarla Pushpalatha - - 2008
Glutathione plays a central role in the maintenance of cellular antioxidant defense. The alterations in the glutathione and associated recyclic enzymes caused by both exercise training and ethanol are well documented; however, their interactive effects with age are not well understood. Therefore, the influence of ageing and the interactive effects ...
Moien-Afshari F - - 2008
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Exercise ameliorates oxidative stress-mediated diabetic vascular endothelial dysfunction through poorly defined mechanisms. We hypothesised that, in addition to improving metabolic parameters, upregulation of antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) mediates exercise-induced reductions of oxidative stress and increased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, and also restores vasodilatation. METHODS: Type 2 diabetic ...
Olsson Mats - - 2008
In the ageing individual, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) accelerates with cell senescence. Depending on the heritability of the underlying processes that determine net ROS levels, this may influence ageing per se and its evolutionary direction and rate of change. In order to understand the inheritance and evolution ...
Souza-Rabbo Maristela P - - 2008
1. In the present study, we investigated the effects of exercise training on cardiac hypertrophy and oxidative stress in a monocrotaline (MCT)-induced cor pulmonale model. Male Wistar rats were assigned to one of three groups: sedentary control (SC); sedentary MCT (SM); or trained MCT (TM). 2. Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) ...
Fotuhi Majid M Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and Center for Memory and Brain Health, LifeBridge Health Brain & Spine Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2008
Studies have shown less cognitive decline and lower risk of Alzheimer's disease in elderly individuals consuming either antioxidant vitamins or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The potential of added benefit from their combined use has not been studied. We therefore analyzed data from 3,376 elderly participants of the Cache County Study ...
Andres-Lacueva C - - 2008
Major brands of cocoa powder products present in the Spanish market were analyzed for monomeric flavanols [(+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin] and flavonols [quercetin-3-glucuronide, quercetin-3-glucoside (isoquercitrin), quercetin-3-arabinoside, and quercetin]. In addition, the influence of the manufacturing process of cocoa powder products, in particular, the alkalinization treatment ( Dutching), on the original content ...
Pialoux V - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We previously demonstrated that acute exposure to hypoxia (3 h at 3000 m) increased oxidative stress markers. Thus, by using the 'living high-training low' (LHTL) method, we further hypothesized that intermittent hypoxia associated with endurance training alters the prooxidant/antioxidant balance. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twelve elite athletes from the Athletic French Federation ...
Bordenave S - - 2008
AIM: We investigated whether or not, in type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients, an individualized training effect on whole-body lipid oxidation would be associated with changes in muscle oxidative capacity. METHODS: Eleven T2D patients participated in the study. Whole-body lipid oxidation during exercise was assessed by indirect calorimetry during graded exercise. ...
Davison Gareth W - - 2008
This study tested the hypothesis that exercise-induced oxidative stress is caused by free radical-mediated damage to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) which can be prevented following ascorbate prophylaxis. Hyperfine coupling constants (HCC) of alpha-phenyl-tert-butylnitrone (PBN)-adducts were measured via room temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy in the venous blood of 12 ...
McAnulty Steven R - - 2008
Quercetin is a flavonoid compound that has been demonstrated to be a potent antioxidant in vitro. The objective of this study was to evaluate if quercetin ingestion would increase plasma antioxidant measures and attenuate increases in exercise-induced oxidative damage. Forty athletes were recruited and randomized to quercetin or placebo. Subjects ...
Guilherme S - - 2008
This study was carried out in the Laranjo basin (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal), an area impacted by mercury discharges. Liza aurata oxidative stress and biotransformation responses were assessed in the liver and related to total mercury (Hgt) concentrations. A seasonal fish survey revealed a sporadic increase in total glutathione (GSHt) ...
Panza Vilma Simões Pereira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of the consumption of green tea (GT) for 7 d on biomarkers of oxidative stress in young men undergoing resistance exercise. METHODS: Fourteen subjects performed a bench press exercise (four sets, 10 to 4 repetitions) after undergoing a period without (control group) or with ...
Skenderi K P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exhaustive exercise has been implicated in the generation of reactive oxygen species, resulting in oxidative stress. We studied the effect of a long-distance, endurance exercise on oxidative stress parameters in athletes who participated in the ultramarathon race Spartathlon (246 km). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 18 runners (16 ...
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