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Results 451 - 500 of 1369
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Paik Il-Young - - 2009
To investigate the effects of hydration status on oxidative DNA damage and exercise performance, 10 subjects ran on a treadmill until exhaustion at 80% VO(2max) during four different trials [control (C), 3% dehydration (D), 3% dehydration+water (W) or 3% dehydration+sports drink (S)]. Dehydration significantly decreased exercise time to exhaustion (D<C ...
Melton Courtnee E - - 2009
Individuals with impaired lipid and glucose metabolism are at increased risk for postprandial oxidative stress. Acute exercise can attenuate the rise in both blood triglyceride (TAG) and glucose, and increase antioxidant enzyme activity after food intake, which may decrease the oxidative stress response. This study investigated the effect of acute ...
Youssef H - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: Basal insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation exacerbate post-exercise oxidative stress (OS) in overweight adolescent girls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, effect of incremental ergocycle exercise until exhaustion on OS markers. PARTICIPANTS: Normal-weight (control) (n=17, body mass index (BMI): 20-24.2 kg/m(2)) and overweight adolescent girls (n=29, BMI: 24.1-36.6 kg/m(2)). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary measurement, ...
Dickman Jonathan R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether American ginseng (Panax Quinquefolium) confers antioxidant protection to postmenopausal women at rest and after a mild aerobic exercise session. METHODS: In this double-blinded parallel study, 12 female subjects (age range 55-75) consumed two capsules, containing 500 mg of dry American ginseng whole-root powder, everyday for 4 ...
Harkins Michelle S - - 2009
Heat shock proteins (HSP) produced during exercise have important roles in modulating the effects of oxidative stresses to preserve cellular function. The ability of HSP to regulate nitric oxide, which has both protective and detrimental effects on the airways and circulation, may have implications for exercise-induced asthma. Exercise regulates HSP ...
Goldfarb Alan H - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an isocaloric beverage with added protein and vitamins (CHOPA) would influence oxidative stress and inflammation after cycling to exhaustion as indicated by plasma protein carbonyls (PC), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Twelve trained men (18-33 yr) volunteered and performed this ...
Janiak M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate response of blood glutathione status and activity of glutathione-metabolizing antioxidant enzymes in erythrocytes of young trotters in basic training. Nine untrained trotters (aged 16-20 months) were exposed to a 4-month training program based on exercises at low-to-moderate intensity. The conditioning consisted of ...
Martarelli D - - 2009
AIM: This work monitored changes in oxidative stress and antioxidant defence during an endurance exercise in over 40 years old athletes. METHODS: Subjects were monitored during the 24-hours mountain bike Idro Lake (North of Italy) competition which took place in June 2008. The race lasted for 24 h, starting at ...
Wray D Walter - - 2009
Both antioxidant supplementation and exercise training have been identified as interventions which may reduce oxidative stress and thus improve cardiovascular health, but the interaction of these interventions on arterial BP (blood pressure) and vascular function has not been studied in older humans. Thus in six older (71+/-2 years) mildly hypertensive ...
Slos Stefanie - - 2009
Costs of autotomy, an antipredator defence, are typically explained by impaired mobility; yet physiologically mediated costs may also play a role. Given the resemblance to wounding, a decreased immune function and an associated reduction in antioxidant defence is expected after autotomy. In line with this, after lamellae autotomy, larvae of ...
Reichhold Stefanie - - 2009
It is commonly accepted that regular moderate intensity physical activity reduces the risk of developing many diseases. Counter intuitively, however, evidence also exists for oxidative stress resulting from acute and strenuous exercise. Enhanced formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species may lead to oxidatively modified lipids, proteins and nucleic acids ...
Benitez-Sillero Juan de Dios Jde - - 2009
Intense aerobic exercise has been found to prompt changes in oxidative stress, but in children remains almost unexplored. The aim was to investigate the effect of intense physical exercise on reduced glutathione (GSH as a biomarker of oxidative stress) and adrenocortical response (to verify a certain level of stress after ...
Mallikarjuna K - - 2009
It is well known that lipid peroxidation increases with age, and alcohol drinking further exacerbates this damage. The present study determined the effect of regular exercise training on alcohol-induced oxidative damage and antioxidant status in the liver of aged animals. The age-matched Wistar albino rats (3 months young, n=24; 18 ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2009
Cigarette smokers experience an exaggerated triglyceride (TAG) and oxidative stress response to high fat feeding. Exercise training may serve to attenuate the rise in these variables, by improving TAG clearance and antioxidant defense. We compared blood TAG, antioxidant capacity, and oxidative stress biomarkers in exercise trained (>2 hrs per wk) ...
Fisher-Wellman Kelsey - - 2009
The topic of exercise-induced oxidative stress has received considerable attention in recent years, with close to 300 original investigations published since the early work of Dillard and colleagues in 1978. Single bouts of aerobic and anaerobic exercise can induce an acute state of oxidative stress. This is indicated by an ...
Asha Devi Sambe - - 2009
With aging, the brain undergoes neuronal loss in many areas. Although the loss of cells in the cerebral cortex, in particular the frontal cortex, has been recognized with aging, the influence of synaptic losses has a larger impact on cognitive decline. Much of the recent research on animals, as well ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of different exercise intensities and antioxidant supplementation on plasma protein modification. METHODS: Trained men (n = 41) from a homogenous population were randomly assigned to perform cycle ergometer exercise either at 70% or 80% of individual .VO2max. Each intensity group was randomly assigned to receive ...
Hadley M - - 2009
Conditions in the body during aerobic exercise increase the level of lipid peroxidation (LP). LP is associated with elevated concentration of modified low-density lipoproteins that are implicated in development of cardiovascular disease. Supplementation with antioxidant vitamin E to athletes at 267 mg (400 IUs) or greater has been reported to ...
Aydin Cenk - - 2009
Exhaustive exercise may generate oxidative stress in brain and reported findings are conflicting. Long term dietary restriction (DR) may be useful in the inhibiting of free oxygen radicals generated during exhaustive exercise in the brain of rat. Hence, in this study we evaluated beneficial effects of long term DR on ...
Goon J A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The biochemical mechanisms involving oxidative stress to explain the relationship between exercise and healthy aging are still unclear. METHODS: Tai Chi participants and matched sedentary volunteers age 45 and above were enrolled. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities; levels of DNA damage using the comet ...
Poprzecki Stanisław - - 2009
We investigated whether endurance exercise might modify the blood antioxidant status and lipid profile after omega-3 fatty acid supplementation. Two groups of healthy, fit males performed 1 h of exercise with a constant work load corresponding to 60% of their individual VO(2 max) and various pedaling rates (45 min-60 rev/min ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the effects of EPA/DHA supplementation on resting and exercise-induced inflammation and oxidative stress in exercise-trained men. Fourteen men supplemented with 2224 mg EPA+2208 mg DHA and a placebo for 6 weeks in a random order, double blind cross-over design (with ...
Goto Sataro - - 2009
Numerous anti-aging measures have been proposed to cope with age-associated decline of physiological functions and/or onset of diseases, mostly based on free radical (or oxidative stress) theory of aging, though no robust scientific data have been reported to extend human healthspan. This is due to dual (harmful as well as ...
Choi Eun-Young - - 2009
This study investigated the effect of vitamin B(6) deficiency on antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid profile in rats with exercise-induced oxidative stress. Forty eight rats were fed either a vitamin B(6) deficient diet (B6-) or a control diet (control) for 4 weeks and then subdivided into 3 groups: pre-exercise (PreE); ...
Fisher-Wellman Kelsey - - 2009
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of multiple human diseases, in addition to the aging process. Although various stimuli exist, acute exercise is known to induce a transient increase in reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS), evident by several reports of increased oxidative damage following acute bouts of ...
Myers Charles R - - 2009
Inhalation is a common form of exposure to acrolein, a toxic reactive volatile aldehyde that is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. Bronchial epithelial cells would be directly exposed to inhaled acrolein. The thioredoxin (Trx) system is essential for the maintenance of cellular thiol redox balance, and is critical for cell survival. ...
Toldy Anna - - 2009
Regular swimming and phytotherapeutic supplementation are assumed to alleviate the severity of neurodegeneration leading to dementia. The effect of swimming training and that of enriched lab chow containing 1% (w/w) dried nettle (Urtica dioica) leaf on the prevention of severity of brain injury caused by N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) lesion in Wistar ...
Billiet Ludivine - - 2008
The regulation of cellular reduction/oxidation (redox) balance is critically determined by several antioxidant systems such as the thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) which reduces disulfides on targeted proteins. In addition, intracellular Trx-1 exerts most of its antioxidant properties through scavenging of reactive oxygen species. Moreover, it acts as a cofactor for several enzymes ...
Stack Edward C - - 2008
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor dysfunction, emotional disturbances, dementia, and weight loss. It is caused by an expanded trinucleotide CAG repeat in the gene coding for the protein, huntingtin. Although no one specific interaction of mutant huntingtin has been suggested to ...
Seifi-Skishahr F - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the oxidative stress response to aerobic exercise at high and moderate intensities. METHODS: Twenty healthy untrained men were randomly allocated into two groups: moderate intensity (MI) and high intensity (HI). Subjects of group MI and HI ran on the treadmill for ...
Quindry John C - - 2008
Previous research indicates that ultramarathon exercise can result in blood oxidative stress. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the efficacy of oral supplementation with quercetin, a naturally occurring compound with known antioxidant properties, as a potential countermeasure against blood oxidative stress during an ultramarathon competition. In double-blind fashion, ...
Margaritis I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evidence oxidative damage and erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities during long term bed rest (LTBR) and recovery, while verifying the prophylactic effects of resistance exercise on LTBR-induced oxidative damage. DESIGN AND METHODS: 11 healthy male participated in the study. Nutrient intakes were monitored. ...
Tyurin Vladimir A VA Center for Free Radical and Antioxidant Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2008
The molecular diversity of phospholipids is essential for their structural and signaling functions in cell membranes. In the current work, we present, the results of mass spectrometric characterization of individual molecular species in major classes of phospholipids -- phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn), phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), sphingomyelin (CerPCho), and cardiolipin ...
Mignini Fiorenzo - - 2008
The present work has used controlled conditions to study how physical activity and stress affect oxidant and anti-oxidant systems in a human model. Stress test consisting of one hour exercise at a cycloergometer with intensity over the 75% of the maximal cardiac frequency was followed by non-significant changes of malonyldialdehyde, ...
Myouga Fumiyoshi - - 2008
There are three iron superoxide dismutases in Arabidopsis thaliana: FE SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE1 (FSD1), FSD2, and FSD3. Their biological roles in chloroplast development are unknown. Here, we show that FSD2 and FSD3 play essential roles in early chloroplast development, whereas FSD1, which is found in the cytoplasm, does not. An fsd2-1 ...
Siamilis S - - 2009
This study was designed to investigate the effects of oxidant and antioxidant treatment, as well as regular exercise, on neurotrophin levels in the spinal cord of rats. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in neurodegenerative diseases, but ROS at moderate levels could stimulate biochemical processes through redox-sensitive transcription. Exercised ...
Luo Yan - - 2009
Plant helicases are known to be involved in salinity and low-temperature tolerance. However, a functional involvement of helicases in the antioxidative response of plants has not been described. We have isolated a DEAD-box-containing cDNA sequence from Medicago sativa (alfalfa) that is a homolog of the pea DNA helicase 45 (PDH45) ...
Herspring Kyle F - - 2008
Aged rats exhibit a decreased muscle microvascular O(2) partial pressure (Pmv(O(2))) at rest and during contractions compared with young rats. Age-related reductions in nitric oxide bioavailability due, in part, to elevated reactive O(2) species, constrain muscle blood flow (Qm). Antioxidants may restore nitric oxide bioavailability, Qm, and ameliorate the reduced ...
Jana Kuladip - - 2008
To investigate the ameliorative potential of sodium selenite and zinc sulfate on intensive-swimming-induced testicular disorders, 48 Wistar male rats (age, 4 months; mass, 146.2 +/- 3.6 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups: the unexercised-control group (n = 12); the exercised group (n = 12); the control supplemented group (n ...
Aguiar Aderbal S AS - - 2008
Considerable evidence has indicated a pro-oxidant status in the brain of people with Down's syndrome (DS), which may contribute to motor and cognitive impairments verified in this condition. On the other hand, previous studies addressing the role of physical exercise on oxidative stress and antioxidant status in DS have indicated ...
Gomes Valéria A - - 2008
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) denotes a clustering of risk factors that may affect nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and predispose to cardiovascular diseases, which are delayed by exercise training. However, no previous study has examined how MetS affects markers of NO formation, and whether exercise training increases NO formation in MetS patients. ...
Davison G W GW University of Ulster at Jordanstown, County Antrim, BT37 OQB, UK - - 2008
Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus are more susceptible than healthy individuals to exercise-induced oxidative stress and vascular endothelial dysfunction, which has important implications for the progression of disease. Thus, in the present study, we designed a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to test the original hypothesis that oral prophylaxis with ...
Atsumi T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Free radicals/reactive oxygen species (ROS) are related to inflammation, aging, and cancer. However, living systems have essential antioxidant mechanisms by which these harmful radicals can be scavenged, i.e., free radical-scavenging activity (FRSA). We measured the circadian rhythm of such activities by detecting salivary FRSA in healthy adults, ...
Larcombe S D - - 2008
Antioxidants are known to play an important role in quenching reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus ameliorating oxidative stress. Since increased metabolism associated with exercise can increase oxidative stress, dietary antioxidants may be a limiting factor in determining aspects of physical performance. Here we tested whether oxidative stress associated with flight ...
Melikoglu M A - - 2008
AIM: It has been reported that exercise induces oxidative stress and causes adaptations in antioxidant defenses. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of regular long term training on antioxidant enzymatic activities consisting of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathion peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in a ...
Zhang Caiya - - 2008
Phytochemicals such as phenolics and flavonoids, which are present in rice grains, are associated with reduced risk of developing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. The phenolic and flavonoid compounds in rice grain also contribute to the antioxidant activity. Biofortification of rice grain by ...
Esfandiari E - - 2008
An investigation was conducted to study the effect of water stress on the antioxidant content, protective enzyme activities, proline content and lipid peroxidation in wheat seedlings. Drought stress increases the amount of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), leading to metabolic disorders. It is now known that higher levels of activity-protective mechanisms ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2008
Oxidative stress seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). Exercise training can increase endogenous antioxidant protection and decrease the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of exercise training on oxidative status in persons with PD. METHODS: Sixteen subjects with PD ...
Medhi B - - 2008
Manuka honey (MH, 5g/kg) provided protection against trinitro-benzo-sulphonic acid induced colonic damage. Combination therapy (MH+sulfasalazine) also reduced colonic inflammation and all the biochemical parameters were significant compared to control and MH alone treated group. Combination therapy showed additive effect of the MH which restored lipid peroxidation and improvement of antioxidant ...
Garelnabi Mahdi O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Free oxygen radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of many diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, cancer and aging. Several methods were developed for the direct or indirect measurement of oxygen free radical and its byproducts. The free oxygen radicals monitor (FORM) is a novel point-of-care system ...
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