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Chifamba Jephat J 1 Department of Physiology, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Mount Pleasant, Harare, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to compare the change in diastolic function, E/A ratio, in response to prolonged exercise in low birth weight and normal birth weight individuals. Using a case-control study design, 23 students of the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences who had neonatal clinic cards ...
Oosterhuis Teddy T Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 - - 2014
Several rehabilitation programmes are available for individuals after lumbar disc surgery. To determine whether active rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery is more effective than no treatment, and to describe which type of active rehabilitation is most effective. This is the second update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2002.First, ...
Drummond Marcos D M MD a Load Evaluation Laboratory , Federal University of Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the chronic effects of dynamic strength training (ST) with local vibration on the maximum strength of elbow flexor muscles. Twenty healthy male untrained volunteers were divided randomly into the following two groups: the conventional training group (CTG) or the vibration training ...
Chen Trevor C TC Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, P.O. Box 97-71, Taipei City, Taipei, 11699, Taiwan, - - 2014
This study compared changes in indirect muscle damage markers after maximal eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors (EF) among pre-adolescent (9-10 years), adolescent (14-15 years) and post-adolescent (20-25 years) men to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of muscle damage would increase with increase in age. Thirteen untrained men of each age group ...
Sakita Masahiro M Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kyoto Tachibana University, - - 2014
[Purpose] Peripheral nerve degradation associated with aging is linked to failure of interactions in capillary metabolism. The aim of this study was to morphologically investigate the age-related changes in the capillary architecture of the tibial nerve in spontaneous aging and with aerobic exercise intervention in rats. [Subjects] Male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Yun Hyo-Soon HS Dague Veterans Hospital, Daegu, - - 2014
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder of cognition. We investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on Purkinje cell and astrocytic reaction in the cerebellum of the ADHD rat. Adult male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYR) weighing 210± 10 g were used. The animals were randomly ...
Aranda-García Silvia S School of Health and Sports Science, Universitat de Girona, Girona, - - 2014
This study evaluates the separate effect and retention of 12-week traditional (TE) and horse (HE) exercise programs on physical function in healthy older participants (61-87 yr). Thirty-eight participants were randomly assigned to three groups: TE (n=17), HE (n=10), control group (n=11). TE and HE underwent a supervised exercise program (3d/wk). ...
Holland Lauren A LA Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call St. Tallahassee, FL, USA, - - 2014
The current study sought to compare different features of unhealthy exercise on associations with disordered eating and their ability to identify individuals with eating disorders. A secondary aim of the study was to compare prevalence and overlap of different aspects of unhealthy exercise and potential differences in their gender distribution. ...
Huynh Kristin V KV Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Asymmetric step length is a problem common to many orthopedic and neurologic populations. Herein, we compare step length aftereffects during overground gait following two rehabilitation intervention strategies to combat step length asymmetry: split-belt treadmill (SBT) walking and unilateral stepping. Eighteen healthy young adults (22 ± 3 yrs) first performed ten ...
Piecha Magdalena M Department of Physiotherapy Basics, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, - - 2014
The study aimed to establish the short-term and long-term effects of whole-body vibration on postural stability. The sample consisted of 28 male subjects randomly allocated to four comparative groups, three of which exercised on a vibration platform with parameters set individually for the groups. The stabilographic signal was recorded before ...
Stefani Laura L Sport Medicine Center, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni 45, Florence, - - 2014
Background. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most common congenital heart disease (0.9%-2%) and is frequently found in the athletes and in the general population. BAV can lead to aortic valve dysfunction and to a progressive aortic dilatation. Trained BAV athletes exhibit a progressive enlargement of the left ...
Spencer Lissa M LM Department of Physiotherapy, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney 2050, Australia; Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, 2060, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine if there was an increase in walk distance when two incremental shuttle walk tests (ISWTs) were performed at the commencement of a maintenance exercise program (0 month) and at three, six and 12-month assessments. A prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures study in COPD. Single site, hospital outpatient physiotherapy department. ...
Hawkes Teresa D - - 2013
Abstract This cross-sectional field study documented the effect of long-term t'ai chi, meditation, or aerobic exercise training versus a sedentary lifestyle on executive function. It was predicted that long-term training in t'ai chi and meditation plus exercise would produce greater benefits to executive function than aerobic exercise. T'ai chi and ...
Bechara Ranya G - - 2013
Exercise-induced improvements in learning are associated with neurotrophic and neurogenic changes in the dentate gyrus, but the intracellular signaling mechanisms that may mediate these improvements remain unknown. In the current study we investigate the effects of one week of forced exercise on spatial memory and analyse in parallel BDNF-stimulated signaling ...
Nouchi Rui - - 2013
Previous reports have described that long-term combination exercise training improves cognitive functions in healthy elderly people. This study investigates the effects of 4 weeks of short-term combination exercise training on various cognitive functions of elderly people. We conducted a single-blinded randomized controlled trial with two parallel groups. Sixty-four healthy older adults ...
Lee K C - - 2013
Actinic keratoses counts often serve as a primary endpoint for clinical studies. However, reliability of counting these lesions are often poor, even among expert dermatologists. To investigate the reliability of counting AKs before and after a yearly consensus meeting, held annual for 4 years. As part of the VA Keratinocyte ...
Pizolato Raquel Aparecida - - 2013
To investigate the effects of a voice education program to teachers on vocal function exercise and voice hygiene and compare a pre- and post-vocal exercise for the teacher's voice quality. A random sample of 102 subjects was divided into two groups: experimental group (29 women and seven men) with vocal ...
Pistillo Mira - - 2013
γδ T-cells are cytotoxic effector cells that preferentially migrate to peripheral tissues and recognize many types of antigen. We examined the effects of age and viral serology on the exercise responsiveness of γδ T-cells. Blood was collected from 17 younger (age: 23-35yrs) and 17 older (50-64yrs) healthy males matched for ...
Zhao Xiujun - - 2013
Oxidative stress and chronic inflammation have been implicated in the testicular aging process. Different types and moderate-intensity of regular exercise may reduce age-related physiological dysfunction associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, but such effects of moderate-intensity of exercise over different phases of life in testes have not been reported. In ...
Atkins Sj - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine bilateral differences in ground reaction forces, measured during a deep squat exercise, in a population of elite youth soccer players. Bilateral muscle balance is a key component in promoting musculoskeletal health of performers, yet there is a limited evidence base investigating such ...
Mulligan Edward P - - 2013
A specific training program emphasizing the neuromuscular recruitment of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles, colloquially referred to as "short foot" exercise (SFE) training, has been suggested as a means to dynamically support the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) during functional tasks. A single-group repeated measures pre- and post-intervention study design was ...
Taylor Paul - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) for dropped foot and hip instability in combination with physiotherapy core stability exercises. METHODS: Twenty-eight people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and unilateral dropped foot participated in a randomized crossover trial. Group1 received FES for correction of dropped foot for ...
Amano Tatsuro - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare sweating function in sprinters who have trained for several years with untrained subjects and trained endurance runners. Two separate experiments were conducted. Nine sprinters, eight untrained men, and nine distance runners ([Formula: see text] 50.9 ± 1.4, 38.2 ± 1.8, and 59.1 ± 1.2 mL/kg/min, respectively; P < 0.05) were passively ...
Zhang Liying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise improves functional recovery after stroke through a complex mechanism that is not fully understood. Transient focal cerebral ischemia induces autophagy, apoptosis and neurogenesis in the peri-infarct region. This study is aimed to examine the effects of physical exercise on autophagy, apoptosis and neurogenesis in the peri-infarct region ...
Ingebrigtsen Jørgen - - 2013
This study investigates the performance effects of a six week biweekly anaerobic speed endurance production training among junior elite soccer players. Sixteen junior (age 16.9 ±0.6 years) elite soccer players were tested in Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery test level 2 (IR2), 10 m and 35 m sprints, 7x35 m Repeated Sprint ...
Ferguson Steven L - - 2013
This study compared the effects of 3 weeks of upper body vibration training, vibration and stretching, and stretching alone on shoulder flexibility in college-aged males. Twenty-one men were randomly assigned to vibration-stretching (VS) (n=8), vibration only (VO) (n=6), or stretching only (SO) (n=7) groups that trained 3 times per week ...
Verburgh Lot - - 2013
PURPOSE: The goal of this meta-analysis was to aggregate available empirical studies on the effects of physical exercise on executive functions in preadolescent children (6-12 years of age), adolescents (13-17 years of age) and young adults (18-35 years of age). METHOD: The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE and SPORTDiscus were searched ...
McAuley Edward - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Given the rapidly increasing demographic of older adults, it is vital to implement effective behavioral strategies to improve physical function to maintain activities of daily living. However, changing physical activity in older adults remains extremely difficult. The current trial tested the efficacy of a novel, 6-month, home-based, DVD-delivered exercise ...
Keith L J - - 2013
Resting aortic stiffness (pulse wave velocity; aortic PWV (aPWV)) independently predicts end-organ damage and mortality. Exercise haemodynamics have been shown to unmask cardiovascular abnormalities, otherwise undetectable at rest, but the response of aPWV to exercise has never been examined. This study aimed to develop a technique to measure exercise aPWV, ...
Kahle Nicole - - 2013
To determine the effect core muscle strengthening on balance in community-dwelling older adults, 24 healthy men and women between 65-85 years old were randomized to either exercise (EX; n = 12) or control (CON; n = 12) groups. The exercise group performed a core strengthening home exercise program thrice weekly ...
Menzies Keir J KJ School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of sirtuin 1 (SirT1) in exercise- and resveratrol (RSV)-induced skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis. Using muscle-specific SirT1-deficient (KO) mice and a cell culture model of differentiated myotubes, we compared the treatment of resveratrol, an activator of SirT1, with that of exercise ...
Sheraz A - - 2013
A 43 year old caucasion gentleman had been receiving Botulinum toxin type A injections (BOTOX(®) , Allergan) for his axillary hyperhidrosis since 2004 with good effect. In June 2009 he gave an 18 month history of developing small prutitic wheals on his chest, arms and to a lesser extent his ...
Shokri S - - 2013
High doses of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are used by some athletes to increase muscle mass, that is often associated with male infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible cause/s of male infertility using a rat model by analysing sperm quality, including its protamine content and DNA ...
You Tongjian - - 2013
Hypogonadism is associated with obesity and other features of metabolic syndrome in males. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare lean and obese male Zucker rats on their reproductive endocrine function in response to aerobic exercise training. METHODS: Lean (Fa/Fa) and obese (fa/fa) male Zucker rats at 2 ...
Saur Lisiani - - 2013
Physical exercise has an important influence on brain plasticity, which affects the neuron-glia interaction. Astrocytes are susceptible to plasticity, and induce and stabilize synapses, regulate the concentration of various molecules, and support neuronal energy metabolism. The aim of our study was to investigate whether physical exercise is capable of altering ...
Carlson Lara A - - 2013
Fall-related injuries associated with aging are a serious clinical and economic problem. The Flo-Dynamics Movement System© (FDMS), which consists of eight movements with a water-filled device, may be a useful low-impact exercise suited for older persons. This study investigated the effects of the FDMS regimen with the Wun-Jo™ trainer on ...
Millard Anne-Laure - - 2013
Physical as well as psychological stress increases the number of circulating peripheral blood NK cells. Whereas some studies found a positive correlation between exercise and NK cell counts and cytotoxic activity, others showed that, for example, heavy training leads to a decrease in per cell NK cytotoxicity. Thus, the impact ...
Patten Anna R - - 2013
Exercise can have many benefits for the body, but it also benefits the brain by increasing neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity, and performance on learning and memory tasks. The period of exercise needed to realize the structural and functional benefits for the brain have not been well delineated, and previous studies have ...
Kim Bang Hyun - - 2013
Older minority populations can benefit from increased physical activity, especially walking. Text messaging interventions have the potential to encourage positive changes in health behavior in these groups. To examine if a 6-week program of motivational text messaging increases physical activity (step count) among older African Americans in an urban setting. ...
Piecha Magdalena - - 2013
The study aimed to establish the short- and long-term effects of vibration on postural stability in young men. A single set of exercises and a 4-week vibration training were assessed for their impact on the center of foot pressure (COP) sway. The sample consisted of 49 male subjects randomly allocated ...
Gault Mandy L ML Mandy L. Gault, Mark E.T. Willems, University of Chichester, Department of Sport & Exercise Sciences, College Lane, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 6PE, United - - 2013
Aging is a multi-factorial process that ultimately induces a decline in our physiological functioning, causing a decreased health-span, quality of life and independence for older adults. Exercise participation is seen as a way to reduce the impact of aging through maintenance of physiological parameters. Eccentric exercise is a model that ...
Teixeira Camila Vieira Ligo - - 2012
AIM: The aging process might reduce functional fitness, including balance, which can increase the risk of falls among older adults. Different types of intervention seem to benefit older adults, therefore the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of a program using square-stepping exercises (SSE) sequences only on ...
Shalaby Mohammed Nader - - 2012
Exercise is one of the most powerful non-pharmacological strategies, which can affect nearly all cells and organs in the body. Changes in the behavior of adult stem cells have been shown to occur in response to exercise. Exercise may act on regenerative potential of tissues by altering the ability to ...
Ramirez-Sanchez Israel - - 2012
The consumption of moderate amounts of cocoa products has been associated with reductions in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. In animal studies, the flavanol (-)-epicatechin (Epi) yields cardioprotection. The effects may be partly due to its capacity to stimulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). The sustained activation of eNOS, as ...
Argiento Paola - - 2012
Exercise stress echocardiography has not been recommended in the diagnostic workup of pulmonary hypertension because of insufficient certainty about feasibility and limits of normal. Doppler echocardiography pulmonary hemodynamic measurements were performed at a progressively increased workload in 56 healthy male and 57 healthy female volunteers aged 19 to 63 years. ...
Granacher Urs - - 2012
Background: Age-related postural misalignment, balance deficits and strength/power losses are associated with impaired functional mobility and an increased risk of falling in seniors. Core instability strength training (CIT) involves exercises that are challenging for both trunk muscles and postural control and may thus have the potential to induce benefits in ...
Chalabaev Aïna - - 2012
This article presents the development and validation of the Aging Stereotypes and Exercise Scale (ASES), which measures different dimensions of aging stereotypes in the exercise domain. Drawing on past research on older adults' perceived barriers to exercise, these dimensions include stereotypes about positive and negative exercise outcomes for older adults, ...
Gennuso Keith P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To examine the effectiveness of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) resistance training (RT) guidelines to improve physical function and functional classification in older adults with reduced physical abilities. METHODS: Twenty-five at-risk older adults were randomized to a control (CON=13) or eight-week ...
Atar Murat - - 2012
Abstract Objective.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on the diameter of the spermatic vein, and on the duration of reflux in patients with varicocele. Material and methods. The study included 38 patients with complaints of infertility and scrotal pain between 2009 and 2010. ...
Charansonney Olivier L - - 2012
Exercise testing was developed as a diagnostic tool in the first half of the 20th century when people, mostly men, paid the huge cost of coronary artery disease (CAD). Both the changing nature of CAD, which affects both men and women, and the aging of the population led to redefining ...
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