Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1051
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Rattanachaiyanont M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of shortwave diathermy (SWD) supplemented to an exercise program for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in peri-/post-menopausal women. METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled equivalence trial was conducted in a university hospital. Participants including 113 women aged 50-85 years with primary knee OA were instructed to do regular ...
Barbour Krista A - - 2008
Exercise training is increasingly recognized as a viable treatment option for patients with heart failure (HF). For exercise to be a maximally effective treatment, it is important that patients adhere to the exercise prescription. In this review, the current state of adherence monitoring and intervention in randomized HF trials will ...
Tanne David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is known to have a beneficial impact on multiple cardiovascular risk factors, but there is no routine provision of exercise training programs for patients after ischemic stroke. OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerability, safety and effect of an outpatient supervised exercise training program in patients after a ...
Cox Kay L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine in previously sedentary older women the effects of exercise mode and a behavioural intervention on short and long-term retention and adherence. METHODS: Healthy, sedentary women aged 50-70 years (N=116) were randomly assigned to a supervised 6-month swimming or walking program 3 sessions a week. They were further ...
Blanchard Christopher - - 2008
Although home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have been shown to produce significant increases in exercise capacity, obtaining patient adherence to these programs has been challenging. It is therefore critical to identify key theoretical determinants of exercise during home-based CR in order to inform the development of behavioural interventions that improve ...
Perkins Jedediah - - 2008
This paper describes a gesture recognition system which can recognize seated exercises that will be incorporated into an in-home automated interactive exercise program. Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are used as a motion classifier, with motion features extracted from the grayscale images and the location of the subject's head estimated at ...
Wu Ying-Tai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation program can significantly improve the cardiopulmonary endurance and quality of life (QOL) in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). Home-based programs for these patients have advantages of low cost and high accessibility, but little is known about their efficacy. This prospective study was designed to ...
Park Hyuntae - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a 48-week multicomponent exercise program could improve the risk factors for fall and hip fracture. Fifty elderly women 65-70 years of age participated. These participants were divided into an exercise group (25 subjects) that attended an exercise program and a control ...
Ivey Frederick M - - 2008
Patients with stroke are severely deconditioned, leading to metabolic abnormalities that significantly increase risk for myocardial infarction and recurrent stroke. This review characterizes the nature of the metabolic decline, the underlying causes, and the potential for progressive aerobic exercise to address metabolic impairment following disabling stroke. Although exercise training has ...
Miller Michelle D - - 2008
This study evaluated adherence and progression with a 12-week resistance training program amongst a sample of older adults recovering in hospital from lower limb fragility fracture. Forty-nine participants (mean age 84 years) commenced the resistance training program seven days after the injury. The exercise prescription involved training of the hip ...
Dagfinrud H - - 2008
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease. Physiotherapy is considered an important part of the overall management of AS. To summarise the available scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in the management of AS. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Ostelo Raymond W J G RW EMGO Institute - Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Health Sciences - VU University; VU University Medical Centre, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 BT. - - 2008
Several rehabilitation programs are available for individuals after lumbar disc surgery. To evaluate the effects of active rehabilitation for adults after first-time lumbar disc surgery. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 2) and MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO to May 2007. We only included randomised controlled trials (RCTs). ...
Kahn Susan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review to assess the benefits or risks of physical activity in patients with an acute or previous DVT of the leg. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE and Science Citation Index were searched without language restrictions up to July 2007. Bibliographies of retrieved articles and personal files ...
Suman Oscar E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the benefits of exercise by burned children are maintained 3 months after the exercise program is concluded. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled prospective study. SETTING: Pediatric burn hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty severely burned children with a 40% or greater total body surface area burn, with main outcome measures completed ...
Vlachopoulos S P - - 2007
AIM: Given the need to investigate determinants of exercise behavior, the study examined the relationship of the needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness with exercise attendance and adherence/dropout in organized exercise programs over 6 months. A secondary purpose was to further determine the predictive validity of the Basic Psychological Needs ...
Kwak Y-S - - 2008
Dementia population worldwide is considerable in elderly people. Exercise regulates the brain function, but the mechanism by which it does so is unknown. The effect of regular exercise on cognitive function and exercise capacity in senile dementia patients was investigated. Thirty female patients with senile dementia who participated in the ...
Bulthuis Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of short-term intensive exercise training (IET) directly following hospital discharge. METHODS: In the Disabled Arthritis Patients Post-hospitalization Intensive Exercise Rehabilitation (DAPPER) study, patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis were eligible when they needed hospitalization for either a flare-up in disease, elective hip or knee arthroplasty. ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of water exercise at a day service facility and the effects of water exercise frequency on health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: Participants (n = 30) were randomly separated into three groups: two indicating exercise frequency, at once-weekly or ...
Krousel-Wood M A - - 2008
AIMS: This feasibility trial evaluated the use, safety, and short-term benefits of a home-based exercise intervention designed to increase physical activity among adults with diabetes. METHODS: Participants with type 2 diabetes in a group practice were recruited and randomly assigned to the home-based exercise intervention or usual care. Participants were ...
Schenkman Margaret - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Even early in Parkinson disease (PD), individuals have reduced economy of movement. In this case report, the effects of endurance exercise training are examined on walking economy and other measures for 3 individuals in early and middle stages of PD. PATIENTS: The patients were 1 woman and ...
Singh-Grewal Davinder - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of high-intensity aerobic training compared with low-intensity training in terms of energy cost of locomotion, peak oxygen uptake, peak power, and self-reported physical function in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Eighty children with JIA, ages 8-16 years, were enrolled in a randomized, single-blind ...
Lapham Sandra C - - 2007
AIMS: This study, conducted within a driving under the influence (DUI) court intervention, evaluated the degree to which removing electronic monitoring (EM) and/or mandatory vehicle sales requirements increased rates of post-sentence traffic violations among repeat DUI offenders. DESIGN: Randomized trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 477 repeat DUI offenders ...
Dracup Kathleen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a home-based exercise program on clinical outcomes. Exercise training improves exercise capacity in patients with heart failure (HF) but the long-term effects on clinical outcomes remain unknown. METHODS: We randomized 173 patients with systolic HF to control (n ...
Shepich Jeffrey - - 2007
PURPOSE: We studied whether partial versus full subsidization and self versus other monitoring promote adherence to physician-prescribed exercise. METHOD: We randomly assigned 132 participants to experimental conditions defined by two levels of subsidization and two types of monitoring. Physicians wrote prescriptions as referrals to an exercise facility. A computer recorded ...
Neuberger Geri B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of participation in a low-impact aerobic exercise program on fatigue, pain, and depression; to examine whether intervention groups compared with a control group differed on functional (grip strength and walk time) and disease activity (total joint count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein) measures and ...
Unlu Ece - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of home versus in-hospital exercise (under supervision) programmes on hip strength, gait speed and cadence in patients with total hip arthroplasty at least one year after operation. SETTING: Physical therapy and rehabilitation department. SUBJECTS: Twenty-six patients who had had a total hip arthroplasty operation 12-24 ...
Annesi James J - - 2007
A field investigation was conducted to assess whether cardiovascular exercise assigned at a level to maximize improvements in fitness, i.e., a standard exercise amount or 30 min. at approximately 80% maximal heart rate, differed significantly in frequency of positive exercise-induced feeling changes when contrasted with exercise that was reduced to ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important strategy with potential to improve recovery in older adults following a hip fracture. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the impact of a self-efficacy based intervention, the Exercise Plus Program, and the different components of the intervention, on self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and ...
Kang Hyun Sook - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing long-term adherence to aquatic exercise in older women with arthritis. Participants (n = 72) completed an educational program on aquatic exercise and underwent follow up for 6 months. At follow-up, women who continued aquatic exercise (adherence group, n = 25) ...
Stathi Afroditi - - 2007
Life in the Fourth Age has been typified as a time of continued functional decline and reduced quality of life. Exercise might positively affect this experience. This study explored the exercise experiences of nursing home residents age 86-99 years who participated in a 6-month exercise intervention. An interpretive phenomenological approach ...
McBride Michael G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and feasibility of an inpatient exercise training program for a group of pediatric heart transplantation candidates on multiple inotropic support. BACKGROUND: Children with end-stage heart disease often require heart transplantation. Currently, no data exist on the safety and feasibility of an inpatient exercise training program ...
Nishi Isao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) is an emerging therapy for chronic heart failure, but the baseline patient characteristics for predicting cardiac events (CEs) during the course of ET remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 111 stable heart failure patients who participated in a 3-month ET program, 6 withdrew from the ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the benefits and safety of an intensive muscular training program in patients with chronic polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: Nine patients with chronic PM or DM (median age 53 years, range 44-61) were included. Assessments of impairment (10-15 voluntary repetition maximum [VRM], the Functional Index 2 ...
Karapolat H - - 2007
In heart transplant patients it is common to observe a reduced exercise capacity and diminished quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a hospital-based exercise program versus that of a home-based exercise program on the functional capacity, quality of life, and psychological symptoms ...
Zutz Amber - - 2007
Less than 25% of eligible patients attend cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRP), with geographical proximity being a predominant barrier. Therefore, we undertook a pilot study to assess the feasibility and safety of using the Internet as a medium for delivery of an interactive "virtual" CRP (vCRP) to patients at a distance. ...
Mead Gillian E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and effect of exercise training after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized exploratory trial comparing exercise training (including progressive endurance and resistance training) with relaxation (attention control). SETTING: Interventions were performed in a rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six independently ambulatory patients (mean age 72, 36 men) without significant dysphasia, ...
Zhang John - - 2007
The objective of this study is to use randomized controlled research design to investigate the effect of an exercise program and custom-made flexible orthotics on heart rate variability and blood pressure at varying stages of exercise over a 5-month period. Thirteen ping-pong players were recruited and randomly assigned into control ...
Peschel Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle changes which include daily exercise training have been shown to slow the progression of coronary artery disease. We designed a study to examine the effects of a multifactorial intervention on atherogenic adhesion molecules on the surface of monocytes in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: We randomized 39 ...
Burke Valerie - - 2008
Cognitive changes are reported infrequently in programs targeting cardiovascular risk. We examined self-efficacy, behavioral barriers and health beliefs in a lifestyle program for drug-treated hypertensives that aimed to reduce blood pressure, antihypertensive drug needs and cardiovascular risk. In a randomized controlled trial, we compared usual care (controls) and a 4-month ...
O'Shea Simone D - - 2007
PURPOSE: Exercise is an important treatment modality for persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but factors influencing adherence have been examined infrequently. The purpose of this investigation was to explore adherence factors to a progressive resistance exercise program for persons with COPD. METHODS: Persons with COPD enrolled in a ...
Ayán Pérez C - - 2007
CONTEXT: Physical exercise is regarded as a useful tool in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Generally, physical rehabilitation have been based on the prescription of aerobic exercises, while fewer programs have been aimed at developing muscular strength. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the physical fitness of MS sufferers can be ...
Dunne B J - - 2007
This article has four purposes: 1) to present for the first time in archival form all results of some 25 years of remote perception research at this laboratory; 2) to describe all of the analytical scoring methods developed over the course of this program to quantify the amount of anomalous ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2007
Many of the known benefits of exercise in the general population are of particular relevance to the ESRD population. In addition, the poor physical functioning that is experienced by patients who are on dialysis is potentially addressable through exercise interventions. The study of exercise in the ESRD population dates back ...
Ostfeld Robert Jonathan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a cardiologist-initiated motivational discussion during a routine general cardiology clinic visit that included an exercise 'contract' signed by the patient, physician and a witness, would increase self-reported days per week of exercise. METHODS: A short-term pilot intervention was provided to forty consecutive general cardiology clinic patients ...
Shinji S - - 2007
The aim of this study was to examine the association between adherence to a home-based exercise program and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes. We investigated 102 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 35 to 75 years, and followed them prospectively for 17.2 months. ...
Annesi James J - - 2007
Physical inactivity is a health problem that has not been largely affected by mass communications. An interpersonal counseling intervention, THE COACH APPROACH, was tested with 2380 adults (overall M age = 40.9 yr., SD = 10.8) initiating exercise programs in 2003, 2004, and 2005, January through March, at nine YMCA ...
Serour Maleka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to preventive and therapeutic lifestyle recommendations among patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease is more prevalent and varied than previously thought. The problem needs to be addressed by those who are involved in the care of these patients. AIM: To measure adherence and barriers of complying with ...
Kara Bilge - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose is to evaluate the functional recoveries obtained through the physiotherapy program started in the early postoperative period with the patients with SAH, and then advanced after being discharged. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Home Exercise (HE) (n=54) was Group I, and the Regular Supervised Exercise (RSE) (n=18) group by ...
Eyigor Sibel - - 2007
This study was aimed at determining the effect of a group-based exercise program on the physical performance, muscle strength and quality of life (QoL) in older women. Twenty women performed an exercise program for 8 weeks, at the rehabilitation unit. Outcome measures included a 4-m and 20-m walk test, a ...
Badger Stephen A - - 2007
This study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise program after arterial bypass surgery. Patients undergoing bypass surgery were randomized to a control group (group I), with standard preoperative and postoperative care, or the intervention group (group II) with a supervised exercise program of twice-weekly treadmill assessments from 4 to 10 ...
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