Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1073
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Huberty Jennifer L - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine factors related to physical activity adherence to understand why women continue to participate in long-term exercise after completing a structured exercise program. Data were collected from focus groups, interviews, and e-mails, and analysis used grounded theory. The central category related to ...
Turk Ruth - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of functional exercise augmented by programmable implanted microstimulators on arm and hand function. DESIGN: Before and after study. SETTING: Implantation was performed in a neurosurgery unit, systems were programmed, and tests were conducted in a university laboratory and subjects exercised at home. PARTICIPANTS: Hemiparetic ...
Parente F - - 2009
Colonoscopy constitutes the principal investigation for colo-rectal neoplasms due to its ability to detect and remove most of precancerous lesions; due to the ongoing or planned colon cancer screening programs in many European countries we should expect an enormous increase in colonoscopic demand over the next few years. Diagnostic accuracy ...
Ibayashi Haruhisa - - 2008
In Japan, one of the duties of the long-term care insurance system is the prevention of oral function degradation. Although various exercise programs for oral function have been developed and practiced in Japan, to date, no study has reported their effects. In the present study, we examined the effects of ...
Galea Mary P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the physical function, gait, and quality of life of patients after total hip replacement (THR) randomly assigned to either a targeted home- or center-based exercise program. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation research center in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three patients with unilateral THR were randomly assigned to a ...
Beverly Elizabeth A - - 2010
Adhering to increased exercise is often reported as one of the greatest challenges facing adults living with diabetes, a perception shared by the married middle-aged and older adults living with diabetes who participated in this study. Understanding how that challenge can best be met is both research and program relevant. ...
Kulcu Duygu Geler - - 2008
To determine the efficacy of a home-based exercise program by comparing it with betahistine in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Prospective, randomized, controlled study. Outpatient clinic of a university hospital. Thirty-eight patients (10 males, 28 females; mean age 46 +/- 13 years) diagnosed as having BPPV. Patients were ...
Deturk William E WE Stony Brook University, Department of Physical Therapy, Stony Brook, - - 2008
Physical therapists have engaged in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for decades, but the extent of their current involvement in this practice area is unclear. This study surveyed directors of CR and PR programs on a statewide level to ascertain what type of provider is writing the prescription, ...
Karadibak Didem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of kinesiophobia, quality of life, and home exercise programs on women with upper extremity lymphedema. METHODS: A total of 62 women with lymphedema after breast cancer treatments were provided a protocol of complete decongestive therapy (CDT). This protocol involved ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Exercise adherence is difficult during cancer treatments, but few studies have examined the predictors of such exercise. Here, we report the predictors of adherence to supervised exercise training during breast cancer chemotherapy. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N = 242) initiating adjuvant chemotherapy in Edmonton, Ottawa, and Vancouver were randomly ...
Verschuren Olaf - - 2008
The purpose of this literature review, regarding all types of exercise programs focusing on cardiovascular fitness (aerobic and anaerobic capacity) and/or lower-extremity muscle strength in children with cerebral palsy (CP), was to address the following questions: (1) what exercise programs focusing on muscle strength, cardiovascular fitness, or a combination are ...
Hong Seung-Youn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many different constructs are used currently in the literature to assess exercise adherence. This study examined whether the same or different variables predict exercise attendance and exercise completion among sedentary older adults. METHODS: Thirty-seven randomized control trials were selected from articles published between 1980 and 2000 that tested exercise ...
Der Ananian Cheryl - - 2008
Most people with arthritis are not regularly active. Understanding what factors influence exercise is essential for designing programs to increase participation. The objective of this study was to examine the correlates of exercise in people with arthritis. Using a cross-sectional design, sociodemographic, health-related, and psychosocial variables were collected from community-dwelling ...
Portela Ana L Mulero - - 2008
The primary objective of this pilot study was to explore the feasibility of implementing two exercise programs for female patients who are breast cancer survivors and residents of the metropolitan area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Potential benefits and complications of participating in a gym-exercise program or a home-exercise program, ...
Sakata Takeshi - - 2008
To determine the effects of a 12-week qigong and aerobic exercise program on the physical well-being of relatively healthy elderly Japanese women. In the first study, 72 elderly Japanese women who were relatively healthy and naive to qigong completed the 12-week qigong and aerobic exercise program. Physical function, body composition, ...
Karapolat Hale - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effects of home- and hospital-exercise programs on exercise capacity and chronotropic variables in patients with heart transplantation. METHODS: Forty patients were randomized into two groups either hospital- or home-based exercise program. The patients were compared, before and after the rehabilitation program, with respect to maximal oxygen ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to home-based exercise interventions among older women post hip fracture that were randomized to one of three exercise intervention groups or a routine care group. A total of 157 female hip fracture patients provided data for the intervention analysis. Factors evaluated ...
Heh Shu-Shya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Depression during the perinatal period should be identified as early as possible to avoid negative effects on the new family. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an exercise support program on reducing psychological morbidity after childbirth. METHODS: A controlled trial was conducted in a ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2008
This study aimed to pilot-test the health promotion effects of a silver yoga exercise program for female seniors. Using a one-group, pre-post test design, a convenience sample of 16 community-dwelling female seniors was recruited. The silver yoga exercise intervention was administered three times a week, 70 minutes per session, for ...
Steele Bonnie G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise adherence intervention to maintain daily activity, adherence to exercise, and exercise capacity over 1 year after completion of an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. DESIGN: A 2-group, experimental design was used with randomization into intervention and usual care groups. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation ...
Rattanachaiyanont M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of shortwave diathermy (SWD) supplemented to an exercise program for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in peri-/post-menopausal women. METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled equivalence trial was conducted in a university hospital. Participants including 113 women aged 50-85 years with primary knee OA were instructed to do regular ...
Tanne David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is known to have a beneficial impact on multiple cardiovascular risk factors, but there is no routine provision of exercise training programs for patients after ischemic stroke. OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerability, safety and effect of an outpatient supervised exercise training program in patients after a ...
Barbour Krista A - - 2008
Exercise training is increasingly recognized as a viable treatment option for patients with heart failure (HF). For exercise to be a maximally effective treatment, it is important that patients adhere to the exercise prescription. In this review, the current state of adherence monitoring and intervention in randomized HF trials will ...
Cox Kay L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine in previously sedentary older women the effects of exercise mode and a behavioural intervention on short and long-term retention and adherence. METHODS: Healthy, sedentary women aged 50-70 years (N=116) were randomly assigned to a supervised 6-month swimming or walking program 3 sessions a week. They were further ...
Dagfinrud H - - 2008
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease. Physiotherapy is considered an important part of the overall management of AS. To summarise the available scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in the management of AS. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Blanchard Christopher - - 2008
Although home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have been shown to produce significant increases in exercise capacity, obtaining patient adherence to these programs has been challenging. It is therefore critical to identify key theoretical determinants of exercise during home-based CR in order to inform the development of behavioural interventions that improve ...
Perkins Jedediah J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. - - 2008
This paper describes a gesture recognition system which can recognize seated exercises that will be incorporated into an in-home automated interactive exercise program. Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are used as a motion classifier, with motion features extracted from the grayscale images and the location of the subject's head estimated at ...
Ostelo Raymond W J G RW EMGO Institute - Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Health Sciences - VU University; VU University Medical Centre, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 BT. - - 2008
Several rehabilitation programs are available for individuals after lumbar disc surgery. To evaluate the effects of active rehabilitation for adults after first-time lumbar disc surgery. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 2) and MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO to May 2007. We only included randomised controlled trials (RCTs). ...
Ivey Frederick M - - 2008
Patients with stroke are severely deconditioned, leading to metabolic abnormalities that significantly increase risk for myocardial infarction and recurrent stroke. This review characterizes the nature of the metabolic decline, the underlying causes, and the potential for progressive aerobic exercise to address metabolic impairment following disabling stroke. Although exercise training has ...
Wu Ying-Tai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation program can significantly improve the cardiopulmonary endurance and quality of life (QOL) in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). Home-based programs for these patients have advantages of low cost and high accessibility, but little is known about their efficacy. This prospective study was designed to ...
Miller Michelle D - - 2008
This study evaluated adherence and progression with a 12-week resistance training program amongst a sample of older adults recovering in hospital from lower limb fragility fracture. Forty-nine participants (mean age 84 years) commenced the resistance training program seven days after the injury. The exercise prescription involved training of the hip ...
Park Hyuntae - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a 48-week multicomponent exercise program could improve the risk factors for fall and hip fracture. Fifty elderly women 65-70 years of age participated. These participants were divided into an exercise group (25 subjects) that attended an exercise program and a control ...
Kahn Susan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review to assess the benefits or risks of physical activity in patients with an acute or previous DVT of the leg. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE and Science Citation Index were searched without language restrictions up to July 2007. Bibliographies of retrieved articles and personal files ...
Suman Oscar E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the benefits of exercise by burned children are maintained 3 months after the exercise program is concluded. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled prospective study. SETTING: Pediatric burn hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty severely burned children with a 40% or greater total body surface area burn, with main outcome measures completed ...
Vlachopoulos S P - - 2007
AIM: Given the need to investigate determinants of exercise behavior, the study examined the relationship of the needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness with exercise attendance and adherence/dropout in organized exercise programs over 6 months. A secondary purpose was to further determine the predictive validity of the Basic Psychological Needs ...
Kwak Y-S - - 2008
Dementia population worldwide is considerable in elderly people. Exercise regulates the brain function, but the mechanism by which it does so is unknown. The effect of regular exercise on cognitive function and exercise capacity in senile dementia patients was investigated. Thirty female patients with senile dementia who participated in the ...
Bulthuis Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of short-term intensive exercise training (IET) directly following hospital discharge. METHODS: In the Disabled Arthritis Patients Post-hospitalization Intensive Exercise Rehabilitation (DAPPER) study, patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis were eligible when they needed hospitalization for either a flare-up in disease, elective hip or knee arthroplasty. ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of water exercise at a day service facility and the effects of water exercise frequency on health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: Participants (n = 30) were randomly separated into three groups: two indicating exercise frequency, at once-weekly or ...
Krousel-Wood M A - - 2008
AIMS: This feasibility trial evaluated the use, safety, and short-term benefits of a home-based exercise intervention designed to increase physical activity among adults with diabetes. METHODS: Participants with type 2 diabetes in a group practice were recruited and randomly assigned to the home-based exercise intervention or usual care. Participants were ...
Schenkman Margaret - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Even early in Parkinson disease (PD), individuals have reduced economy of movement. In this case report, the effects of endurance exercise training are examined on walking economy and other measures for 3 individuals in early and middle stages of PD. PATIENTS: The patients were 1 woman and ...
Singh-Grewal Davinder - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of high-intensity aerobic training compared with low-intensity training in terms of energy cost of locomotion, peak oxygen uptake, peak power, and self-reported physical function in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Eighty children with JIA, ages 8-16 years, were enrolled in a randomized, single-blind ...
Lapham Sandra C SC Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest, Albuquerque, NM 87102, USA. - - 2007
This study, conducted within a driving under the influence (DUI) court intervention, evaluated the degree to which removing electronic monitoring (EM) and/or mandatory vehicle sales requirements increased rates of post-sentence traffic violations among repeat DUI offenders. Randomized trial. A total of 477 repeat DUI offenders entering the Driving under the ...
Dracup Kathleen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a home-based exercise program on clinical outcomes. Exercise training improves exercise capacity in patients with heart failure (HF) but the long-term effects on clinical outcomes remain unknown. METHODS: We randomized 173 patients with systolic HF to control (n ...
Shepich Jeffrey - - 2007
PURPOSE: We studied whether partial versus full subsidization and self versus other monitoring promote adherence to physician-prescribed exercise. METHOD: We randomly assigned 132 participants to experimental conditions defined by two levels of subsidization and two types of monitoring. Physicians wrote prescriptions as referrals to an exercise facility. A computer recorded ...
Neuberger Geri B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of participation in a low-impact aerobic exercise program on fatigue, pain, and depression; to examine whether intervention groups compared with a control group differed on functional (grip strength and walk time) and disease activity (total joint count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein) measures and ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important strategy with potential to improve recovery in older adults following a hip fracture. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the impact of a self-efficacy based intervention, the Exercise Plus Program, and the different components of the intervention, on self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and ...
Unlu Ece - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of home versus in-hospital exercise (under supervision) programmes on hip strength, gait speed and cadence in patients with total hip arthroplasty at least one year after operation. SETTING: Physical therapy and rehabilitation department. SUBJECTS: Twenty-six patients who had had a total hip arthroplasty operation 12-24 ...
Annesi James J - - 2007
A field investigation was conducted to assess whether cardiovascular exercise assigned at a level to maximize improvements in fitness, i.e., a standard exercise amount or 30 min. at approximately 80% maximal heart rate, differed significantly in frequency of positive exercise-induced feeling changes when contrasted with exercise that was reduced to ...
Nishi Isao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) is an emerging therapy for chronic heart failure, but the baseline patient characteristics for predicting cardiac events (CEs) during the course of ET remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 111 stable heart failure patients who participated in a 3-month ET program, 6 withdrew from the ...
Stathi Afroditi - - 2007
Life in the Fourth Age has been typified as a time of continued functional decline and reduced quality of life. Exercise might positively affect this experience. This study explored the exercise experiences of nursing home residents age 86-99 years who participated in a 6-month exercise intervention. An interpretive phenomenological approach ...
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