Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1062
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Koh Kirsten P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients show reduced physical function and greater risk of increased arterial stiffness because of hypertension, metabolic disturbances, and vascular calcification. Exercise interventions potentially could improve their vascular risk profile. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot clinical study comparing the effects of 6 months of supervised intradialytic exercise training versus ...
Sengul Yesim Salik - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of breathing and physical exercise on pulmonary functions, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), and quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Twenty patients with mild to moderate OSAS were included in the study either as exercise or control ...
Taguchi Naoto N Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Nabesima, Saga, Japan. - - 2010
Although studies suggest that exercise training improves physical performance and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among elderly people, most of these studies have investigated relatively healthy persons. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of a 12-month multicomponent exercise program on physical performance, daily physical activity, ...
Göksel Karatepe Altınay - - 2011
We previously reported the efficacy of a 4-week home-based exercise therapy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether short-term improvements in the functional status and quality of life were maintained at 1 year. Patients who completed 4-week home-based exercise program were advised to maintain ...
Shin Kyung Rim - - 2009
This study aimed to examine the effects of exercise programs on physical fitness, depression, and self-efficacy in low-income elderly women (age > or = 75). A pretest-posttest experimental research design with a control group was used. The sample consisted of 26 women in the exercise group and 22 women in ...
Parsons Trisha L - - 2009
This review examined published reports of the impact of extradialytic and intradialytic exercise programs on physiologic aerobic exercise capacity, functional exercise endurance, and cardiovascular outcomes in individuals with ESKD. Studies spanning 30 years from the first published report of exercise in the ESKD population were reviewed. Studies conducted in the ...
Janelli Linda M - - 2009
Depression is a common occurrence in late life, but it often goes unrecognized and therefore under-treated in many primary care settings. This pilot study explored the effect of a group exercise program for community-dwelling elder Hispanics.
Findorff Mary J - - 2009
Few studies have examined long-term exercise adherence in older women. The purpose of this study was to assess predictors of adherence to an intervention involving walking and balance exercises. This was a randomized controlled trial with 2-year follow-up. Sedentary women (n = 137) aged > or =70 randomized to the ...
Tang Mei-Feng - - 2010
1) To determine the effect of a home-based walking exercise program on the sleep quality and quality of life of cancer patients, as well as 2) to determine if enhanced sleep quality was associated with improvement in quality of life over time. This is a prospective, longitudinal, two-armed, randomized clinical ...
Patel Dilip R - - 2009
Individuals with chronic kidney disease have poor exercise tolerance and are easily fatigued compared with their healthy peers. The primary reasons for poor exercise tolerance include anemia, effects of chronic uremia and metabolic acidosis on the heart and skeletal muscles, and lower levels of physical activity. Studies suggest that regular ...
Hwang Rita - - 2009
Home-based programmes may offer an alternative to conventional programmes or as a means of maintaining physical fitness after graduating from centre-based programmes. We sought to examine the effectiveness of home-based exercise programmes on exercise capacity in patients with heart failure compared with usual medical care. Electronic databases were searched to ...
Aylin Kucukarslan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of combined resistance and home-based walking exercise on glycemic and metabolic control, depression and quality of life in type-2 diabetes patients. This prospective study was conducted at a private hospital in Turkey. Thirty-six type-2 diabetic patients participated in the study. ...
Nwose Ezekiel Uba - - 2009
Virtual scanning is one of the emerging technologies in complementary medicine practice. The diagnostic principle is hinged on perception and ultra weak light emission, while the treatment options associated with it includes diet, flash light, exercise and relaxation. However, a mechanism that links the diagnostic and treatment principles has yet ...
Kulig Kornelia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Restoration of physical function following lumbar microdiskectomy may be influenced by the postoperative care provided. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new interventional protocol to improve functional performance in patients who have undergone a single-level lumbar microdiskectomy. SETTING: The study was conducted ...
Myers Lynn B - - 2009
This study explored the relationship between psychological and demographic variables relating to chest physiotherapy (CP) and exercise in adults with cystic fibrosis. The main results were that adherence to both treatments was low and analysis of variance indicated that severity and gender were associated with exercise adherence, importance and burden. ...
Rogers Kate - - 2009
We investigated responses of adult, novice practitioners (n = 9) to an 8-week traditional mat Pilates program (P) that met 1 hr/day three times/week. Classes consisted primarily of beginner and intermediate level exercises. Compared to an active control group (C; n = 13) that showed no improvements, those in P ...
Van Erck Annelies - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration has important effects on neuromuscular functions. It seems to be a promising tool in the conservative treatment and rehabilitation of compartment syndrome. In the present study we investigated the effect of whole body vibration on intracompartmental pressure in the lower leg during a strenuous static exercise ...
Mustian Karen M KM University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, James P Wilmot Cancer Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Behavior Medicine Unit, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2009
During radiation therapy, cancer patients may report cancer-related fatigue (CRF), which impairs aerobic capacity, strength, muscle mass, and, ultimately, quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this pilot clinical trial was to examine the feasibility and initial efficacy of a home-based aerobic and progressive resistance exercise intervention for aerobic capacity, ...
Littbrand Håkan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a high-intensity functional weight-bearing exercise program reduces dependency in activities of daily living (ADLs) in older people living in residential care facilities, focusing on people with dementia. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Nine residential care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety-one older people dependent in ADLs and ...
Owen Kate - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a trial lifestyle intervention on participants' preferences for a range of exercise and diet programmes and whether these differ between successful and unsuccessful participants. DESIGN: Hypothetical scenarios that describe attributes of diet and exercise programmes were developed using an experimental design. Participants completed an ...
Scheede-Bergdahl Celena - - 2009
Patients with T2DM have an increased risk of CVD. Prevention of CVD represents the major goal of all treatment of T2DM, and early intervention in those patients at particularly high risk is important.We measured the insulin sensitivity and plasma biomarkers of CVD to determine whether a home-based exercise training program ...
Ostelo Raymond W J G - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Cochrane systematic review of randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of active rehabilitation for adults after first-time lumbar disc surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several rehabilitation programs are available for individuals after lumbar disc surgery, however, little is known about the efficacy of these treatments. METHODS: ...
Peeters C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Participation in an exercise intervention during cancer treatment diminishes the side effects associated with cancer therapies, although such benefits vary according to the disease and the patient characteristics. A structured exercise program providing an individualized fitness program tailored to the patients' illness, treatment, and fitness level would address this ...
Valent Linda J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is important for people with tetraplegia to maintain fitness but may not always be easily integrated into daily life. In many countries, hand cycling has become a serious option for daily mobility in people with tetraplegia. However, little information exists regarding the suitability of this exercise ...
Karapolat Hale - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of home-based and hospital-based exercise programs on exercise capacity, quality of life, psychological symptoms, and hemodynamic parameters in heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: Seventy-four patients were randomized into either a hospital-based exercise (Group 1) or a home-based exercise (Group 2) group. Prior to and after ...
Spencer L M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if weekly, supervised, outpatient-based exercise plus unsupervised home exercise following an 8-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme would maintain functional exercise capacity and quality of life at 12 months better than standard care of unsupervised home exercise training. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) subjects ...
Nocera Joe - - 2009
Loss of function and postural instability occur in Parkinson disease (PD). Dynamic exercise interventions are successful in improving motor control and physical function. However, most programs are based in a health facility or physical therapy setting and involve travel. With the limitations associated with PD (e.g. health care and medication ...
Casey Aggie - - 2009
PURPOSE: Although cardiac rehabilitation programs have been shown to decrease cardiovascular risk, morbidity, and mortality, few programs have integrated a balanced mind/body approach in which patients are taught the relaxation response and utilize cognitive behavior skills for stress management, along with diet and exercise. We examined the medical and psychological ...
Hassanein Salwa E - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs have been shown to improve functional status, exercise performance, and quality of life (QOL) and decrease perception of exertion in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The purpose of this study was to identify the dose effect of PR on the outcome variables of activity ...
Steinberg Martin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and efficacy of a home-based exercise intervention program to improve the functional performance of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD). METHODS: Twenty-seven home-dwelling patients with AD were randomized to either an exercise intervention program delivered by their caregivers or a home safety assessment control. Measures of ...
Fujii Hiroko - - 2009
To examine the effectiveness of a computer-tailored support tool for lifestyle modification developed for employees, we conducted an intervention study of pre-post test design. The program was based on principles of behavior science referring to goal setting processes, self monitoring, and feedback. The program of the support process was fully ...
Battaglini Claudio L - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of administering an in-hospital exercise program to acute leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy. A secondary purpose explored the impact of exercise on selected physiological, psychological, and inflammatory markers. METHODS: Ten patients, aged 18 to 50 years, diagnosed with acute leukemia or newly relapsed were assessed for ...
Laforest Sophie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the 9-month impact of a 12-week falls prevention program (called Stand Up!) which included balance exercises and educational components on maintenance of physical activity among community-dwelling seniors. METHOD: Data were collected among 98 experimental and 102 control participants at baseline, immediately after the program and 9 ...
Alonso-Blanco Cristina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a preliminary clinical prediction rule to identify the potential predictors for identifying patients presenting with ankylosing spondylitis who are likely to respond to a specific exercise program. DESIGN: Consecutive patients with ankylosing spondylitis underwent a standardized examination and then received eight ...
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios - - 2009
BACKGROUND DATA: The use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and polarized polychromatic non-coherent light as supplements to an exercise program has been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an exercise program supplemented with LLLT is more successful than an exercise program supplemented with ...
Logsdon Rebecca G - - 2009
For individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), memory loss may prevent successful engagement in exercise, a key factor in preventing additional disability. The Resources and Activities for Life Long Independence (RALLI) program uses behavioral principles to make exercise more accessible for these individuals. Exercises are broken into small steps, sequenced, ...
Morris G Stephen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if participation in a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program improved the functional and physiologic status of oncology patients with chronic symptoms of shortness of breath, fatigue, and/or exercise intolerance. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Comprehensive cancer center. PATIENTS: Oncology patients (N=30) (either a solid or a hematologic malignancy) ...
Temel Jennifer S - - 2009
Exercise improves functional outcome and symptoms for certain cancer populations, but the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of structured exercise in patients with lung cancer is unknown. In this study, we examined the feasibility of a hospital-based exercise program for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. This study included patients ...
Adeniyi A F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abandoning research programmes by participants may impose disadvantages on the participant, the research and the researcher. This study investigated the contributions of sociodemographic characteristics to the attrition of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) patients who enrolled into a 12-week therapeutic exercise programme. METHODS: In the 12-week, thrice weekly hospital-based therapeutic ...
Krischak Gert D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of 2 different postoperative therapy approaches after operative stabilization of the wrist fractures: treatment by a physical therapist with 12 sessions and an unassisted home exercise program. DESIGN: Randomized controlled cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based care, primary center of orthopedic surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteers (N=48) with fractures ...
Haruyama Yasuo - - 2009
Morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease remain primary public health problems in Japan. We developed a large-scale community-based 15-month intervention program, and evaluated its long-term effects on improving lifestyle and cardiovascular risk. Of 549 participants, 436 (46 males and 186 females in intervention group and 72 males and 132 ...
Shelton Margarette L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine if therapist supervision of an exercise program produced better functional outcomes in allogeneic stem cell transplant patients than a patient-directed exercise program. METHODS: Sixty-one patients who were less than 6 months post allogeneic stem cell transplant were randomly assigned to either a therapist supervised training group (supervised) ...
Takken Tim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a 12-week exercise training program (comprising aerobic and strength exercises), and to study the feasibility and efficacy of this exercise program in children who survived acute lymphoblastic leukemia. SAMPLE AND METHODS: A 12-week exercise program was developed and tested for feasibility ...
Pinto Bernardine M - - 2009
Evidence of the benefits of exercise for those treated for cancer has led to exercise interventions for this population. Some have questioned whether cancer patients offered a home-based intervention adhere to the exercise prescribed. We examined exercise adherence in a randomized controlled trial of a 12-week, home-based exercise trial for ...
Yu-Yahiro Janet A - - 2009
The objectives are to describe for the first time a home-based exercise intervention for frail elderly hip fracture patients and to describe the feasibility of this exercise program. A home-based exercise program was used in a randomized controlled trial in which the authors investigated exercise intervention versus no exercise intervention ...
Lavie Carl J CJ Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Laboratories, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70121-2483, USA. - - 2009
Substantial data have established a sedentary lifestyle as a major modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Increased levels of physical activity, exercise training, and overall cardiorespiratory fitness have provided protection in the primary and secondary prevention of CHD. This review surveys data from observational studies supporting the benefits ...
Aman Edris - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown an improvement in depression, activities of daily living, and agitation in cognitively impaired subjects who undergo a long-term exercise program. These studies have not considered the short-term effects of exercise. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of a limited, ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an update on recent findings on effects of exercise in patients with adult inflammatory myopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: Although responding to treatment, a majority of patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis develop sustained disability. The reason for this is not clear. However, a recent study further supports ...
Moore-Harrison Trudy L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study examined the feasibility of implementing the EnhanceFitness Program (formerly Lifetime Fitness Program), an evidence-based exercise program, at congregate-meal sites that generally serve low-income older adults. METHODS: A 12-week aerobic and strength training exercise program was held at senior centers 3 times a week. RESULTS: The mean age ...
Tobita Itoko - - 2009
Recent research has reinforced the idea that haemodialysis (HD) patients should exercise to maintain their physical functioning and improve their quality of life. Some effective exercise programmes are available for HD patients. However, these programmes are not always completed by the patients who enrol in them, and therefore, these patients ...
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