Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1066
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Liu Yuefei - - 2012
Exercise causes a variety of physiological and metabolic changes that can in turn reduce exercise tolerance. One of the potential mechanisms responsible for fatigue is "exercise-induced hyperammonemia". Previous studies have shown that supplementation with amino acids can increase training tolerance. The α-keto acids are biochemical analogs of amino acids and ...
Bhatt Hema - - 2012
This paper explores the extent of the physiological stresses of female workers at kitchen workstation while performing the various activities. For this a survey of eighty homemakers and experiment on sixteen respondents having similar physical and physiological parameters was done. Five activities in which the respondents faced maximum problems were ...
Viana Marcelo Tavares - - 2012
To analyze the impact of moderate physical exercise on the total and differential leukocyte counts and red blood cell count of 36 sixty-day-old adult male Wistar rats subjected to early malnourishment. The rats were divided in nourished (N - casein 17%) and malnourished groups (M - casein 8%) and thesegroups ...
Martinez-Campos Catalina - - 2012
Oxidative stress (OS) induced by acute exercise is reduced by chronic exercise. Ozone (O(3)) exposure produces OS. The aim of this study was to determine if aerobic exercise (AE) reduced OS produced by O(3). A pilot experiment was performed with male Wistar rats submitted to AE (trained to swim 90 min/day). ...
Harms-Ringdahl Mats - - 2012
DNA is constantly exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS), spontaneously arising during the normal oxygen metabolism. ROS may result in temporary as well as permanent modifications in various cellular components such as lipids, proteins and DNA, which may have deleterious consequences. Demonstrating that a dietary supplementation of antioxidants can reduce ...
Falone Stefano - - 2012
Oxidative stress and neurotrophic support decline seem to be crucially involved in brain aging. Emerging evidences indicate the pro-oxidant methylglyoxal (MG) as a key player in the age-related dicarbonyl stress and molecular damage within the central nervous system. Although exercise promotes the overproduction of reactive oxygen species, habitual exercise may ...
Kanamori Satoru - - 2012
We sought to examine prospectively the difference in the association between incident functional disability and exercise with or without sports organization participation. The study was based on the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES) Cohort Study data. In October 2003, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 29,374 non-disabled Japanese individuals aged 65 ...
Johnson Blair D - - 2012
Acute doses of elevated retrograde shear rate (SR) appear to be detrimental to endothelial function in resting humans. However, retrograde shear increases during moderate intensity exercise which also enhances post-exercise endothelial function. Since SR patterns differ with the modality of exercise, it is important to determine if augmented retrograde SR ...
Veskoukis Aristidis S - - 2012
Fruits, such as grapes, are essential food of the Mediterranean diet. Grape extracts have potent antioxidant and chemopreventive properties in vitro. Numerous studies have examined the effects of plant extract administration on redox status at rest in animals and humans but their results are controversial. However, there are no studies ...
Gomes Elisa Couto - - 2012
This review offers an overview of the influence of reactive species produced during exercise and their effect on exercise adaptation. Reactive species and free radicals are unstable molecules that oxidize other molecules in order to become stable. Although they play important roles in our body, they can also lead to ...
Ishikawa Yuji - - 2012
Exercise is recommended for the management of type 2 diabetes, but its effects on diabetic nephropathy (DN) are still unknown. We hypothesized that appropriate exercise improves early DN via attenuation of inflammation and oxidative damage. Type 2 diabetic KK-A(y) mice, a spontaneous DN model, underwent two different kinds of exercise ...
Greulich Simon - - 2012
Exercise electrocardiography (ECG) is frequently used in the work-up of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), however the accuracy is reduced in women. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) stress testing can accurately diagnose CAD in women. To date, a direct comparison of CMR to ECG has not been performed. We ...
Golbidi Saeid - - 2012
The metabolic syndrome is a clustering of obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension that is occurring in increasing frequency across the global population. Although there is some controversy about its diagnostic criteria, oxidative stress, which is defined as imbalance between the production and inactivation of reactive oxygen species, has a major ...
Millet Grégoire P - - 2012
Ultramarathons comprise any sporting event involving running longer than the traditional marathon length of 42.195 km (26.2 miles). Studies on ultramarathon participants can investigate the acute consequences of ultra-endurance exercise on inflammation and cardiovascular or renal consequences, as well as endocrine/energetic aspects, and examine the tissue recovery process over several ...
Curzi D - - 2012
Myotendinous junctions can be easily injured by overloading or trauma, and exercise training may be a way of increasing their resistance to mechanical stress. To this end, we examined herein the morphological changes induced by moderate exercise training in the myotendinous junctions of extensor digitorum longus and gastrocnemius muscles in ...
Teodoro Bruno Gonzaga - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in the Western world and are manifested by atherosclerosis. Depending on its intensity, regular aerobic exercise may be either beneficial or harmful to the atherosclerosis process. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of aerobic exercise training of different ...
Raveendran Shelley S Department of Cardiology, Heart and Lung Centre, NewCross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK. - - 2012
Exercise stress testing for detecting inducible ischaemia was first introduced in the 1950s and remained one of the only methods of stressing the heart for years to come. The presence of inducible ischaemia was assessed by ECG changes during exercise apart from other factors, namely, duration of exercise, blood pressure ...
Gurfein Blake T BT Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America. - - 2012
Chronic stress is associated with negative health outcomes and is linked with neuroendocrine changes, deleterious effects on innate and adaptive immunity, and central nervous system neuropathology. Although stress management is commonly advocated clinically, there is insufficient mechanistic understanding of how decreasing stress affects disease pathogenesis. Therefore, we have developed a ...
Aoki Kosuke K Doctoral Program in Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2012
Muscle contraction during short intervals of intense exercise causes oxidative stress, which can play a role in the development of overtraining symptoms, including increased fatigue, resulting in muscle microinjury or inflammation. Recently it has been said that hydrogen can function as antioxidant, so we investigated the effect of hydrogen-rich water ...
Ruuska Piritta S PS Department of Exercise and Medical Physiology Verve, Oulu, - - 2012
Individual responses to aerobic training vary from almost none to a 40% increase in aerobic fitness in healthy subjects. We hypothesized that the baseline self-rated mental stress may influence to the training response. The study population included 44 healthy sedentary subjects (22 women) and 14 controls. The laboratory controlled training ...
Suzuki Takao T Research Institute, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan. - - 2012
To examine the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on the cognitive function of older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Twelve months, randomized controlled trial; Community center in Japan; Fifty older adults (27 men) with aMCI ranging in age from 65 to 93 years (mean age, 75 ...
Stannard Stephen R - - 2011
Fasting induces short-term physiological adaptations which spare the body's remaining carbohydrate stores and mobilize lipid stores to provide a substitute fuel for many tissues and organs, especially skeletal muscle. Rodent studies show that regular occurrence of fasting then refeeding, stimulates adaptations in muscle which make the animal better placed to ...
Josbeno Deborah A - - 2011
A better understanding of the physical activity behavior of individuals who undergo bariatric surgery will enable the development of effective post-surgical exercise guidelines and interventions to enhance weight loss outcomes. This study characterized the physical activity profile and physical function of 40 subjects 2-5 years post-bariatric surgery and examined the ...
Goodman Jack M - - 2011
Increased physical activity (PA) is associated with improved health and quality of life in the general population. A dose-response effect is evident between increasing levels of PA participation and a lower relative risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. However, there is also clear evidence that PA acutely increases the ...
Fernandes Susan M - - 2011
Objective.  The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between exercise test data and mortality in patients who have had the Fontan procedure. Design.  The study was designed as a retrospective cohort study. Setting.  The study was set in a tertiary care center. Patients.  All study participants were ...
Eccles R - - 2011
The guide is intended for all those interested in measuring human nasal airflow by rhinomanometry, either for clinical or research purposes. The guide is written in non-technical language so that it may be understood by nursing and support staff who may need to make measurements using rhinomanometry. It is not ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2011
Tai Chi is a famous training method in China, and jogging is a popular kind of exercise both in Austria and China. Nevertheless, there is little information concerning online monitoring of biosignals during both training activities in parallel. Within the last years innovative scientific monitoring tools for evaluating features of ...
Cotrim Carlos - - 2011
The authors report the case of a 23-year-old girl with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy evaluated by resting echocardiography. The patient complained of syncope after playing basketball. The patient was submitted to treadmill exercise echocardiogram, and she exercised for 9 minutes in standard Bruce protocol. The left ventricular outflow gradient did not ...
Clark Alexander M - - 2011
To understand the characteristics associated with participation in community-based exercise maintenance programs in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after completion of hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation in Scotland. A mixed-methods approach was used (survey and focus groups) to explore determinants of participation in community-based exercise maintenance programs. Of 112 patients (67% ...
Handoll Helen Hg - - 2011
Hip fracture mainly occurs in older people. Strategies to improve mobility include gait retraining, various forms of exercise and muscle stimulation. To evaluate the effects of different interventions for improving mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the ...
Marín Pedro J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of 2 days/week versus 4 days/week of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) during eight weeks of WBV training on health-related quality of life (SF-36), balance and lower body strength, as well as short-term detraining (3 weeks) on balance and lower body ...
Naylor Justine M - - 2010
Objectives  Patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) are typically de-conditioned and manifest medical co-morbidities associated with a lack of fitness. Consequently, an argument exists for rehabilitation programmes to target cardiovascular fitness. Doubt exists, however, as to the capacity of TKR recipients to exercise intensely and effectively. This preliminary study aimed ...
Müller Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess improvements in exercise performance and quality of life in patients with Ebstein anomaly after surgical intervention. METHODS: In 21 patients with Ebstein anomaly (between 6 and 59 years of age; 16 female, 5 male) who underwent surgery for tricuspid regurgitation ...
Carson James W - - 2010
A mounting body of literature recommends that treatment for fibromyalgia (FM) encompass medications, exercise and improvement of coping skills. However, there is a significant gap in determining an effective counterpart to pharmacotherapy that incorporates both exercise and coping. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects ...
Bronikowski Adam - - 2010
Recent years have seen a dynamic development of treatment methods targeting the knee joint region. Surgical interventions are becoming increasingly less invasive, being at the same time ever more diverse, which offers the patients possibility of living their lives without any limitations. This is being made possible thanks to diagnostic ...
Franz Randall W - - 2010
This study assessed the effectiveness of a 12-week, institution-based, supervised exercise rehabilitation program with atherogenic risk factor modification in improving cardiovascular profile, ambulatory function, and quality of life of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) by comparing pre- and postprogram measurements. Participants were prospectively enrolled. Cardiovascular profile variables, ambulatory function ...
Jedel Elizabeth - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo/amenorrhea, and polycystic ovaries. We aimed to determine whether low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) would decrease hyperandrogenism and improve oligo/amenorrhea more effectively than physical exercise or no intervention. We randomized 84 women with PCOS, ...
Flahr Donna - - 2010
Innovative approaches to the prevention and treatment of foot wounds in persons with diabetes mellitus are needed and preliminary research suggests that exercise therapy may increase joint mobility and blood flow. A 12-week, prospective, quasi-experimental pilot study was conducted to evaluate the potential influence of nonweight-bearing ankle exercises, and adherence ...
Mangione Kathleen K - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of a short-term leg-strengthening exercise program with that of attentional control on improving strength, walking abilities, and function 1 year after hip fracture. Randomized controlled pilot study. Patients' homes. Community-dwelling older adults (n=26) 6 months after hip fracture at baseline. Exercise and control participants received interventions ...
Oerkild Bodil - - 2011
participation in centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is known to reduce morbidity and mortality but participation rates among the elderly are low. Establishing alternative programmes is important, and home-based CR is the predominant alternative. However, no studies have investigated the effect of home-based CR among a group of elderly patients with ...
Ang Dennis C DC Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202,, United States. - - 2011
Fibromyalgia (FM), defined as the presence of both chronic widespread pain and the finding of 11/18 tender points on examination, is an illness associated with major personal and societal burden. Supervised aerobic exercise is an important treatment modality to improve patient symptoms. Unfortunately, adherence to an exercise regimen after a ...
Monteiro Marco A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-month moderate-to-vigorous exercise program on plantar pressure among postmenopausal women. A total of 121 white postmenopausal women participated in a randomized controlled trial (60 women in the exercise group and 61 women in the control group). Women in ...
Holmgren Eva - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a high-intensive exercise program containing high-intensive functional exercises implemented to real-life situations together with group discussions on falls and security aspects in stroke subjects with risk of falls. This was a pre-specified secondary outcome for this study. For evaluation, ...
Gram Bibi - - 2010
Both Nordic walking and Exercise on Prescription have potential as elements in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. These programs are recommended, but their effectiveness has not yet been established. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of these 2 interventions compared with standard information on physical activity. Single-blinded, ...
Niemelä Kristiina - - 2011
Home-based exercise is a viable alternative for older adults with difficulties in exercise opportunities outside the home. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of homebased rocking-chair training, and its effects on the physical performance of elderly women. Community- dwelling women (n=51) aged 73-87 years were randomly ...
Haines Terry P - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and economic efficiency of a multimedia, multimodal physical activity program for women undergoing adjuvant therapy following surgery for breast cancer. We conducted a randomized trial with concurrent incremental cost-effectiveness analysis and blinded baseline, 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up assessments amongst women undergoing adjuvant therapy following surgery ...
Shakudo Masaaki - - 2011
We investigated whether providing participants in an exercise programme with regular feedback on their exercise progress affected their adherence to the programme regimen. We conducted a randomized controlled trial. Adult men and women with borderline hypertension and a body mass index ≥ 25.0 were randomized to two intervention groups (groups ...
McGuire Rita - - 2011
Numerous studies have reported that exercise is safe and beneficial for breast cancer survivors; however, long-term adherence to exercise programs is not easy to accomplish. This secondary analysis examined the demographic and clinical characteristics, adherence to exercise, and cognitive-behavioral intervention components data collected on 120 postmenopausal women with a history ...
Hsu Jason K - - 2011
The aims of this randomized, single-blind crossover trial were to investigate the effect of adding a simulated bowling video game via the Nintendo Wii(®) gaming system to the standard exercise regimen of cognitively intact residents of long-term care (LTC) with upper extremity dysfunction and to identify individual characteristics that might ...
Timmerman H - - 2011
The aim of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an individually designed preoperative therapeutic exercise program (PreTEP), in patients recently diagnosed with cancer and awaiting elective surgery. The purpose is to improve their physical fitness levels during this waiting period with the intention of ...
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