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Results 201 - 250 of 1051
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Millet Grégoire P - - 2012
Ultramarathons comprise any sporting event involving running longer than the traditional marathon length of 42.195 km (26.2 miles). Studies on ultramarathon participants can investigate the acute consequences of ultra-endurance exercise on inflammation and cardiovascular or renal consequences, as well as endocrine/energetic aspects, and examine the tissue recovery process over several ...
Curzi D - - 2012
Myotendinous junctions can be easily injured by overloading or trauma, and exercise training may be a way of increasing their resistance to mechanical stress. To this end, we examined herein the morphological changes induced by moderate exercise training in the myotendinous junctions of extensor digitorum longus and gastrocnemius muscles in ...
Teodoro Bruno Gonzaga - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in the Western world and are manifested by atherosclerosis. Depending on its intensity, regular aerobic exercise may be either beneficial or harmful to the atherosclerosis process. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of aerobic exercise training of different ...
Ruuska Piritta S - - 2012
Purpose: Individual responses to aerobic training vary from almost none to a 40% increase in aerobic fitness in healthy subjects. We hypothesized that the baseline self-rated mental stress may influence to the training response. Methods: The study population included 44 healthy sedentary subjects (22 women) and 14 controls. The laboratory ...
Suzuki Takao - - 2012
To examine the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on the cognitive function of older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Design: Twelve months, randomized controlled trial; Setting: Community center in Japan; Participants: Fifty older adults (27 men) with aMCI ranging in age from 65 to 93 years ...
Raveendran Shelley S Department of Cardiology, Heart and Lung Centre, NewCross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK. - - 2012
Exercise stress testing for detecting inducible ischaemia was first introduced in the 1950s and remained one of the only methods of stressing the heart for years to come. The presence of inducible ischaemia was assessed by ECG changes during exercise apart from other factors, namely, duration of exercise, blood pressure ...
Gurfein Blake T BT Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America. - - 2012
Chronic stress is associated with negative health outcomes and is linked with neuroendocrine changes, deleterious effects on innate and adaptive immunity, and central nervous system neuropathology. Although stress management is commonly advocated clinically, there is insufficient mechanistic understanding of how decreasing stress affects disease pathogenesis. Therefore, we have developed a ...
Stannard Stephen R - - 2011
Fasting induces short-term physiological adaptations which spare the body's remaining carbohydrate stores and mobilize lipid stores to provide a substitute fuel for many tissues and organs, especially skeletal muscle. Rodent studies show that regular occurrence of fasting then refeeding, stimulates adaptations in muscle which make the animal better placed to ...
Josbeno Deborah A - - 2011
A better understanding of the physical activity behavior of individuals who undergo bariatric surgery will enable the development of effective post-surgical exercise guidelines and interventions to enhance weight loss outcomes. This study characterized the physical activity profile and physical function of 40 subjects 2-5 years post-bariatric surgery and examined the ...
Goodman Jack M - - 2011
Increased physical activity (PA) is associated with improved health and quality of life in the general population. A dose-response effect is evident between increasing levels of PA participation and a lower relative risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. However, there is also clear evidence that PA acutely increases the ...
Fernandes Susan M - - 2011
Objective.  The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between exercise test data and mortality in patients who have had the Fontan procedure. Design.  The study was designed as a retrospective cohort study. Setting.  The study was set in a tertiary care center. Patients.  All study participants were ...
Eccles R - - 2011
The guide is intended for all those interested in measuring human nasal airflow by rhinomanometry, either for clinical or research purposes. The guide is written in non-technical language so that it may be understood by nursing and support staff who may need to make measurements using rhinomanometry. It is not ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2011
Tai Chi is a famous training method in China, and jogging is a popular kind of exercise both in Austria and China. Nevertheless, there is little information concerning online monitoring of biosignals during both training activities in parallel. Within the last years innovative scientific monitoring tools for evaluating features of ...
Cotrim Carlos - - 2011
The authors report the case of a 23-year-old girl with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy evaluated by resting echocardiography. The patient complained of syncope after playing basketball. The patient was submitted to treadmill exercise echocardiogram, and she exercised for 9 minutes in standard Bruce protocol. The left ventricular outflow gradient did not ...
Clark Alexander M - - 2011
To understand the characteristics associated with participation in community-based exercise maintenance programs in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after completion of hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation in Scotland. A mixed-methods approach was used (survey and focus groups) to explore determinants of participation in community-based exercise maintenance programs. Of 112 patients (67% ...
Handoll Helen Hg - - 2011
Hip fracture mainly occurs in older people. Strategies to improve mobility include gait retraining, various forms of exercise and muscle stimulation. To evaluate the effects of different interventions for improving mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the ...
Marín Pedro J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of 2 days/week versus 4 days/week of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) during eight weeks of WBV training on health-related quality of life (SF-36), balance and lower body strength, as well as short-term detraining (3 weeks) on balance and lower body ...
Naylor Justine M - - 2010
Objectives  Patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) are typically de-conditioned and manifest medical co-morbidities associated with a lack of fitness. Consequently, an argument exists for rehabilitation programmes to target cardiovascular fitness. Doubt exists, however, as to the capacity of TKR recipients to exercise intensely and effectively. This preliminary study aimed ...
Müller Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess improvements in exercise performance and quality of life in patients with Ebstein anomaly after surgical intervention. METHODS: In 21 patients with Ebstein anomaly (between 6 and 59 years of age; 16 female, 5 male) who underwent surgery for tricuspid regurgitation ...
Carson James W - - 2010
A mounting body of literature recommends that treatment for fibromyalgia (FM) encompass medications, exercise and improvement of coping skills. However, there is a significant gap in determining an effective counterpart to pharmacotherapy that incorporates both exercise and coping. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects ...
Bronikowski Adam - - 2010
Recent years have seen a dynamic development of treatment methods targeting the knee joint region. Surgical interventions are becoming increasingly less invasive, being at the same time ever more diverse, which offers the patients possibility of living their lives without any limitations. This is being made possible thanks to diagnostic ...
Franz Randall W - - 2010
This study assessed the effectiveness of a 12-week, institution-based, supervised exercise rehabilitation program with atherogenic risk factor modification in improving cardiovascular profile, ambulatory function, and quality of life of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) by comparing pre- and postprogram measurements. Participants were prospectively enrolled. Cardiovascular profile variables, ambulatory function ...
Jedel Elizabeth - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo/amenorrhea, and polycystic ovaries. We aimed to determine whether low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) would decrease hyperandrogenism and improve oligo/amenorrhea more effectively than physical exercise or no intervention. We randomized 84 women with PCOS, ...
Flahr Donna - - 2010
Innovative approaches to the prevention and treatment of foot wounds in persons with diabetes mellitus are needed and preliminary research suggests that exercise therapy may increase joint mobility and blood flow. A 12-week, prospective, quasi-experimental pilot study was conducted to evaluate the potential influence of nonweight-bearing ankle exercises, and adherence ...
Mangione Kathleen K - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of a short-term leg-strengthening exercise program with that of attentional control on improving strength, walking abilities, and function 1 year after hip fracture. Randomized controlled pilot study. Patients' homes. Community-dwelling older adults (n=26) 6 months after hip fracture at baseline. Exercise and control participants received interventions ...
Oerkild Bodil - - 2011
participation in centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is known to reduce morbidity and mortality but participation rates among the elderly are low. Establishing alternative programmes is important, and home-based CR is the predominant alternative. However, no studies have investigated the effect of home-based CR among a group of elderly patients with ...
Ang Dennis C - - 2011
Fibromyalgia (FM), defined as the presence of both chronic widespread pain and the finding of 11/18 tender points on examination, is an illness associated with major personal and societal burden. Supervised aerobic exercise is an important treatment modality to improve patient symptoms. Unfortunately, adherence to an exercise regimen after a ...
Monteiro Marco A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-month moderate-to-vigorous exercise program on plantar pressure among postmenopausal women. A total of 121 white postmenopausal women participated in a randomized controlled trial (60 women in the exercise group and 61 women in the control group). Women in ...
Holmgren Eva - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a high-intensive exercise program containing high-intensive functional exercises implemented to real-life situations together with group discussions on falls and security aspects in stroke subjects with risk of falls. This was a pre-specified secondary outcome for this study. For evaluation, ...
Gram Bibi - - 2010
Both Nordic walking and Exercise on Prescription have potential as elements in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. These programs are recommended, but their effectiveness has not yet been established. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of these 2 interventions compared with standard information on physical activity. Single-blinded, ...
Niemelä Kristiina - - 2011
Home-based exercise is a viable alternative for older adults with difficulties in exercise opportunities outside the home. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of homebased rocking-chair training, and its effects on the physical performance of elderly women. Community- dwelling women (n=51) aged 73-87 years were randomly ...
Haines Terry P - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and economic efficiency of a multimedia, multimodal physical activity program for women undergoing adjuvant therapy following surgery for breast cancer. We conducted a randomized trial with concurrent incremental cost-effectiveness analysis and blinded baseline, 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up assessments amongst women undergoing adjuvant therapy following surgery ...
Shakudo Masaaki - - 2011
We investigated whether providing participants in an exercise programme with regular feedback on their exercise progress affected their adherence to the programme regimen. We conducted a randomized controlled trial. Adult men and women with borderline hypertension and a body mass index ≥ 25.0 were randomized to two intervention groups (groups ...
McGuire Rita - - 2011
Numerous studies have reported that exercise is safe and beneficial for breast cancer survivors; however, long-term adherence to exercise programs is not easy to accomplish. This secondary analysis examined the demographic and clinical characteristics, adherence to exercise, and cognitive-behavioral intervention components data collected on 120 postmenopausal women with a history ...
Hsu Jason K - - 2011
The aims of this randomized, single-blind crossover trial were to investigate the effect of adding a simulated bowling video game via the Nintendo Wii(®) gaming system to the standard exercise regimen of cognitively intact residents of long-term care (LTC) with upper extremity dysfunction and to identify individual characteristics that might ...
Timmerman H - - 2011
The aim of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an individually designed preoperative therapeutic exercise program (PreTEP), in patients recently diagnosed with cancer and awaiting elective surgery. The purpose is to improve their physical fitness levels during this waiting period with the intention of ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2010
This article provides an overview of the research literature and clinical recommendations on aerobic and resistance exercise programs for managing cancer-related fatigue (CRF). Current research evidence suggests that exercise improves CRF, with more recent evidence suggesting greater benefits when exercise programs are administered in the survivorship phase than in the ...
Yildirim Necmiye Un - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess whether reaction time in persons with intellectual disabilities can be improved with an exercise program. 50 children and adolescents (M age = 14.7 yr., SD = 1.4, range = 11-18) with mild intellectual disability without Downs syndrome were randomly divided into control ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2010
Exercise improves health in lymphoma patients but the determinants of adherence in this population are unknown. The purpose of this study is to examine predictors of exercise adherence in lymphoma patients. In a randomized trial, 60 lymphoma patients were assigned to the exercise group and asked to attend three supervised ...
Clark James E - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to perform a match comparison of 3 different exercise programs: traditional continuous endurance training (ET); mixed-intensity interval ET (MI-ET); and circuit-interval resistance training (CRT) programs, to determine which of the 3 programs provides greater benefit of exercise in individuals who are overweight. This benefit ...
Borello-France Diane - - 2010
Behavioral intervention outcomes for urinary incontinence (UI) depend on active patient participation. The purpose of this study was to describe adherence to behavioral interventions (pelvic-floor muscle [PFM] exercises, UI prevention strategies, and delayed voiding), patient-perceived exercise barriers, and predictors of exercise adherence in women with urge-predominant UI. This was a ...
Günendi Zafer - - 2010
We aimed to investigate the effect of regular supervised exercise program on functional status, disease activity, and total antioxidant status (TAS) level in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Thirty-two patients (mean age: 44 years) with AS were included in the study and divided into two groups. Group 1, the exercise ...
McLean Sionnadh Mairi - - 2010
Poor adherence to treatment is commonplace and may adversely affect outcomes, efficiency and healthcare cost. The aim of this systematic review was to identify strategies to improve adherence with musculoskeletal outpatient treatment. Five suitable studies were identified which provided moderate evidence that a motivational cognitive-behavioural (CB) programme can improve attendance ...
Preminger Jill E - - 2010
To attempt to determine whether group audiologic rehabilitation (AR) content affected psychosocial outcomes. A randomized controlled trial with at least 17 participants per group was completed. The 3 treatment groups included a communication strategies training group, a communication strategies training plus psychosocial exercise group, and an informational lecture plus psychosocial ...
Segura-Orti Eva - - 2010
This article will outline the clinical reasoning for exercise counseling in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and give healthcare providers detailed information on the different programs that can be implemented in this population according to patients' specific needs. End-stage renal disease patients often have other health problems that can be ...
Yeo SeonAe - - 2010
It is not well understood how sedentary women who wish to engage in regular exercise adhere to interventions during pregnancy and what factors may influence adherence over time. The aim of this study was to examine longitudinal patterns of pregnant women's adherence to exercise. Exploratory secondary data analyses were carried ...
Lacaze Denise Helena de Castro - - 2010
We sought to evaluate musculoskeletal discomfort and mental and physical fatigue in the call-center workers of an airline company before and after a supervised exercise program compared with rest breaks during the work shift. This was a longitudinal pilot study conducted in a flight-booking call-center for an airline in São ...
Esch Tobias - - 2010
Stress can facilitate disease processes and causes strain on the health care budgets. It is responsible or involved in many human ailments of our time, such as cardiovascular illnesses, particularly related to the psychosocial stressors of daily life, including work. Besides pharmacological or clinical medical treatment options, behavioral stress reduction ...
Dronkers J J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the feasibility and preliminary effect of a short-term intensive preoperative exercise programme for elderly patients scheduled for elective abdominal oncological surgery. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Ordinary hospital in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Forty-two elderly patients (>60 years). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive a ...
Ortega E - - 2012
Current hypotheses of the etiology of fibromyalgia (FM) include inflammatory disorders. We evaluated the effect of a pool-aquatic exercise program (8 months, two weekly 60-min sessions) on the inflammatory cytokine production by isolated monocytes, and on the serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), in a group of female FM patients. ...
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