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Results 451 - 500 of 1051
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Thompson Christian J - - 2007
Functional training programs have been used in a variety of rehabilitation settings with documented success. Based on that success, the concept of functional training has gained popularity in applied fitness settings to enhance sport performance. However, there has been little or no research studying the efficacy of functional training programs ...
Rolland Yves - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of an exercise program in improving ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs), physical performance, and nutritional status and decreasing behavioral disturbance and depression in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Five nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-four ambulatory patients ...
Sjösten Noora Maria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Overall adherence rates have usually been reported in fall prevention studies, but predictors of adherence have rarely been described. The aim of this study was to determine the adherence rates and the predictors of adherence in four key activities of a multifactorial fall prevention trial. METHODS: This study is ...
O'Shea Simone D - - 2007
QUESTIONS: Does a 12-week, predominantly home-based program of progressive resistance exercises reduce impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? Are any gains maintained 12 weeks after the cessation of the program? DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Bajwa Hammad A - - 2007
The study purpose was to determine, among indigent arthritis patients, physical activity barriers, program preference frequencies and demographic associations. A structured interview of 223 indigent, internal medicine clinic patients with self-reported arthritis was administered in a cross-sectional study design. The two most frequently reported barriers included bad health (52%) and ...
Ostergren Marilyn J - - 2007
ActiveOptions (http://www.activeoptions.org) is a multi-agency effort to help people remain healthy as they age by providing Web access to information about senior-friendly exercise programs. This resource is currently available and in use in many location across the United States. This paper focuses on the user interface to the site. It ...
Kutner Nancy G - - 2007
Regular physical activity and exercise can have many beneficial effects for dialysis patients. The provision of an opportunity for patients to exercise at their treatment center has several advantages, but almost any method of increasing activity is likely to be beneficial. In addition to in-center programs such as cycling exercise ...
Yates Bernice C - - 2007
Because fewer than half of cardiac patients in the United States enroll in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs, there is a critical need to test alternative strategies of delivering CR services. This study tested whether a home-based CR (home-CR) program was at least as effective as traditional-CR (trad-CR) in the modification ...
Spence Rosalind R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis and the ensuing treatments can have a substantial impact on the physical and psychological health of survivors. As the number of CRC survivors increases, so too does the need to develop viable rehabilitation programs to help these survivors return to good health as quickly as ...
Fisher M A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate improvement in nerve function with moderate exercise in patients with type II diabetic neuropathies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Fives subjects with type II diabetes mellitus and distal, predominantly sensory polyneuropathies were studied. The subjects completed an 8-week program of a supervised ...
Lomundal Borghild K - - 2007
To describe the outcome of a one year self-management program (SMG) and a two year pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRG). Two open prospective observational studies with 30 patients in each study. SMG had 46 hours over 12 months. PRG had in addition three weekly exercise sessions parallel which lasted an additional ...
Mendivil Carlos Olimpo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity/mortality in non-developed countries. Reports of the effects of non-pharmacological interventions on global cardiovascular risk in Latin American adults, however, are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare the change in global cardiovascular risk induced by a tailored, Adult Treatment Panel-III compliant nutrition program versus ...
Katznelson Laurence - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: One of the factors that may promote deterioration in quality of life and body composition in elderly men is the relative decline in serum testosterone levels with aging. In this study, we assessed the effects of modest doses of testosterone and a home-based strengthening program on quality of life ...
Hughes Susan L - - 2006
PURPOSE: We present final outcomes from the multiple-component Fit and Strong! intervention for older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis. DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared the effects of this exercise and behavior-change program followed by home-based reinforcement (n=115) with a wait list control (n=100) at 2, 6, and ...
Hung Huei-Fong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common entity in female population. Although this is a minor disease, it may cause annoying symptoms that impair quality of life (QOL), and no established therapy for this problem. The aim of this study isto examine whether programmed exercise training by treadmill in ...
Prapavessis Harry - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the individual effects of supervised and intensive exercise as well as the combined effects of exercise and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on (a) smoking cessation and reduction rates and (b) psychological and physiological processes during withdrawal. METHODS: One-hundred and forty-two inactive female smokers were randomised into the ...
Myers Lynn B - - 2006
Chest physiotherapy (CP) is seen as a cornerstone of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) treatment. However, previous studies have suggested that adherence to CP is low. This study of adults with CF (N = 563) investigated CP adherence and associated factors. Only 29.5 per cent reported undertaking daily CP. Predictors of adherence ...
Brown Cynthia J - - 2006
Functional decline during hospitalization occurs in up to 65% of older adults. This study determined the feasibility of an inpatient followed by an in-home exercise program for patients with limited ambulatory ability on hospital admission. Patients aged >or=60 years who were admitted to the hospital with an acute medical illness ...
Martinus Robert - - 2006
Previous research has pointed to the efficacy of physical activity in individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). However, as with other populations, adherence to exercise programs is often problematic. This study assessed the effectiveness of a combination of exercise and psychological interventions in type 2 diabetics ...
Boling Michelle C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a weight-bearing rehabilitation program on quadriceps and gluteus medius electromyographic activity, pain, and function in subjects diagnosed with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). DESIGN: Pretest and posttest 6-week intervention study. SETTING: Musculoskeletal research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen subjects diagnosed with PFPS and 14 healthy control subjects ...
Ng G Y F - - 2008
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is usually due to weakness of vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) resulting in abnormal patellar tracking. One of the objectives of rehabilitation is to strengthen the VMO so as to counterbalance the vastus lateralis (VL) action during normal activities. This study compared the effects of an 8-week ...
Leroux Alain - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether, after a task-oriented exercise program, the changes in clinical measures of balance and mobility were paralleled by changes in biomechanical parameters in subjects with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Ten stroke subjects took part in an 8-wk exercise program aimed at improving ...
Quist M - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a supervised high- and low-intensity structured training program in cancer patients concurrently undergoing chemotherapy. Seventy patients, in different stages of the disease and with different diagnoses (48 females, 22 males), between 18 and 65 years of age (mean age ...
Karper William B - - 2006
This article highlights positive outcomes for a convenience sample of six women (49-64 years of age) with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) who participated in an exercise program over 5 years. This group showed improvement with various FMS symptoms,fitness, and psychosocial factors early in the program, then showed further improvement as a ...
Aukerman Melissa McManama - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common, underdiagnosed neurological movement disorder of undetermined etiology. The primary treatments for restless legs syndrome are pharmacological. To date, no randomized controlled trials have examined the effectiveness of an exercise program on the symptoms of RLS. METHODS: Study participants (N = ...
White Dianne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Regular airway clearance and exercise form an important part of the physiotherapy management of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Previous research has found that adherence of these patients with physiotherapy regimens is variable and influenced by factors such as sex and disease severity. To date, the adherence of Australian ...
Senuzun Fisun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation improves exercise capacity and reduces cardiac risk factors. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a home-based cardiac exercise program (HBCEP) on exercise tolerance, serum lipids, and self-efficacy in coronary heart disease patients in Turkey. Self-efficacy theory provided the framework for ...
Bayliss Dan - - 2006
In recent years, scientific literature has demonstrated numerous improvements in physical, vocational, and emotional outcomes from an intradialytic exercise program for end-stage renal disease patients. Despite documented benefits, most dialysis clinics have not moved to incorporate exercise for their patients. This could be due to many factors including lack of ...
Jones Lee W - - 2007
GOALS OF THE WORK: The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the interest and exercise preferences of an institution-based sample of brain tumor patients. Secondary aims were to examine potential differences in participant's interest and preferences by exercise behavior and select demographic/medical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a ...
Francisco Javier Ordonez - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine the influence of a 12-week exercise program on the activity of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in adolescents with Down syndrome. DESIGN: An interventional study with before-after comparison. SETTING: Sport Medicine School, University of Cadiz (Andalusia, Spain). PATIENTS: Thirty-one male adolescents (16.3+/-1.1) with ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas César - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effects on functional and mobility outcomes of two exercise interventions for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: In an extended 12-mo follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, 40 patients who were diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis according to the modified criteria of New York, ...
Gary Rebecca - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate exercise self-efficacy in older women with stable New York Heart Association Functional Class II and III heart failure who were enrolled in a 12-week, home-based, low- to moderate-intensity combined walking and education program. Findings indicate that participation in a 12-week, home-based walking ...
Ince Gonca - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few randomized controlled studies have examined the effects of exercise in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This study investigated the effects of a 12-week, multimodal exercise program in patients with AS. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of 30 patients with AS (18 male, 12 female), with a mean ...
Maire Jérôme - - 2006
The influence of an upper-limb interval-training program after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in elderly patients was studied during a 1 yr follow-up on health status and walking ability. After surgery, 14 patients were randomly assigned to the control group that started a 6 wk general rehabilitation program or the training ...
Asbury Elizabeth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Exercise and physical activity provide a wide range of health benefits for postmenopausal women, although the impact of maintained exercise participation on psychological well-being is unclear. An exploration of continued exercise participation in psychological well-being after a moderate-intensity exercise program in previously inactive postmenopausal women was therefore undertaken. DESIGN:: ...
Ainsworth Kelly Donkers - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compile an inventory of the strategies most frequently used by Ontario chiropractors in their efforts to maximize patient compliance to prescribed home exercise. DESIGN: The design consisted of a cross-sectional self-report web-based survey of Ontario chiropractors. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants consisted of chiropractors ...
Soh M - - 2006
Major international bodies recommend that adults should accumulate at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity every day. Ten thousand steps a day has been found to approximate 30 minutes of exercise. A questionnaire regarding exercise patterns was sent to all (584) Victorian consultant anaesthetists, and 30 consultants wore ...
Kluding Patricia - - 2006
The primary impairments associated with Parkinson's disease occur in combination with the secondary, preventable effects of immobility. A community-based fitness program may help increase activity and maintain function in people in the early or middle stages of the disease. This article describes a unique program designed to reduce fall risk ...
Nakamura Yoichi - - 2007
This study evaluated the effects of exercise frequency on functional fitness in older women participating in a 12-week exercise program. Participants (67.8+/-4.6 years) were divided into three different exercise groups (I, II, and III; n=34) and a control group (Group C; n=11). Group I participated in a 90-min exercise program ...
Parsons Trisha L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a 20-week intradialytic exercise program, consisting of 60 minutes of cumulative duration, low-intensity exercise during the first 2 hours of dialysis, on dialysis efficacy, physical performance, and quality of life in self-care hemodialysis (HD) patients. DESIGN: One-group repeated measures. SETTING: Satellite HD units affiliated ...
Oldervoll Line M - - 2006
The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effects of a physical exercise program on physical performance and quality of life (QOL) in a population with incurable cancer and a short life expectancy. Thirty-four patients participated in a 50-minute group exercise program twice a week for 6 weeks. ...
Frankel Jason E - - 2006
Exercise programs for elderly patients have received much attention recently for their potential role in preventing illness and injury, limiting functional loss and disability, and alleviating the course and symptoms of existing cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic disorders. The basic components of an exercise training program include strength, endurance, balance, and ...
Shin YunHee - - 2006
This study evaluated the effect of a tailored stage-matched intervention designed to increase exercise among Korean adults with chronic diseases. A physician and a nurse collaborated to deliver the intervention to 21 patients; the control group (CG) consisted of 20 patients. A nonequivalent CG pretest-posttest design was used. On follow-up, ...
Johnson Sara S - - 2006
An estimated 60% of individuals prescribed lipid-lowering medications are nonadherent. Failure to adhere increases morbidity, mortality, healthcare utilization, and healthcare costs. This study examined the effectiveness of a population-based, individualized Transtheoretical Model (TTM) expert system intervention to improve adherence and increase exercise and diet in a randomized 18-month trial involving ...
Wang Zhihui - - 2006
Since machine-based exercise still uses local facilities, it is affected by time and place. We designed a web-based system architecture based on the Java 2 Enterprise Edition that can accomplish continuously supported machine-based exercise. In this system, exercise programs and machines are loosely coupled and dynamically integrated on the site ...
Nelson, Mara Hendricks 1974-
Objective. To examine the feasibility of a home-based, video therapeutic exercise program on pain, fatigue, self-efficacy, and health status in fibromyalgia patients. Methods. Nine individuals who were previously diagnosed with fibromyalgia completed the study (out of an initial pool of 31). Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: ...
Bayouk Jean-François - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a task-oriented exercise program with and without altered sensory input on postural stability in subjects with stroke. Sixteen hemiparetic subjects, at least 6 months post-stroke, were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group, and participated in an 8-week ...
Midtgaard Julie - - 2006
Exercise is becoming an important component of cancer rehabilitation programs. A consistent finding across studies is that patients experience improved physical fitness and reduced fatigue. However, sustained physical activity is essential if the benefits are to be preserved over the course of cancer survivorship. This study examined self-reported short-term exercise ...
Stevens John - - 2006
A randomized controlled trial was undertaken to measure effects of exercise on: 1) the progression of cognitive symptoms related to dementia using the Clock- Drawing test Shulman et al. 1993); and 2) disability using the Revised Elderly Persons Disabilities Scale (REPDS; Fleming and Bowles 1993). Data was analysed from 75 ...
Dobkin Patricia L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Treatment recommendations for fibromyalgia (FM) include regular physical exercise. In this prospective study we examined predictors for adherence to stretching and aerobic exercises in women provided with an individualized home based program. METHODS: Thirty-nine women kept exercise diaries for 12 weeks. RESULTS: For both types of exercise, women who ...
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