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Dakwar Elias E New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2012
Regular exercise is thought to be associated with low rates of mental illness, but this association has been inadequately studied. The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that the recommended amount of self-reported vigorous exercise would be cross-sectionally associated with reduced prevalence and incidence of various DSM-IV ...
Ghimire Laxmi V LV Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2012
To examine the hypothesis that genetic variation in enzymes and transporters associated with synthesis, storage, release, and metabolism of catecholamines contributes to the interindividual variability in plasma catecholamine concentrations at rest and after exercise. We measured plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine concentrations at rest and after a standardized exercise protocol ...
Ovbiosa-Akinbosoye Osayi E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To examine factors associated with long-term weight loss and maintenance for participants of a comprehensive workplace wellness program. METHODS:: Data came from Health Risk Assessments completed by 89,746 overweight and obese persons between 2005 and 2010 to examine the association between demographics, improved nutrition, improved exercise and reduced stress ...
Cakmak Sabit - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been associated with adverse cardiovascular effects. OBJECTIVE: To measure the association between air pollution, spirometry, blood pressure, and exercise capacity. METHODS: We used data from 5604 subjects collected during the Canada Health Measures Survey to test the association between air pollution measured on the day of ...
Hougham Kaitlyn A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if, after adjusting for the contribution of exercise dose, exercise intensity was associated with the improvement of insulin sensitivity. Abdominally obese, sedentary men (n = 16, (mean ± SD) age 45.0 ± 7.5 years, waist circumference 108.6 ± 5.3 cm) and women (n = 18, (mean ± SD) ...
Bryant E J - - 2011
Eating behaviour traits, namely Disinhibition and Restraint, have the potential to exert an effect on food intake and energy balance. The effectiveness of exercise as a method of weight management could be influenced by these traits. Fifty eight overweight and obese participants completed 12-weeks of supervised exercise. Each participant was ...
Thomas Susie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine self-reported physical activity barriers, behaviors, and beliefs about exercise of a representative sample and to identify associated sociodemographic factors. METHOD: Face-to-face interviews conducted between September and December 2008, using a random stratified sampling technique. RESULTS: Barriers injury and illness were associated with being older, single, and not ...
Asplund Chad A - - 2011
Exercise-associated collapse (EAC) commonly occurs after the completion of endurance running events. EAC is a collapse in conscious athletes who are unable to stand or walk unaided as a result of light headedness, faintness and dizziness or syncope causing a collapse that occurs after completion of an exertional event. Although ...
Shephard Roy J - - 2011
It has been suggested recently that financial links between manufacturers of sports drinks and professional Sports Science organisations in North America have suppressed information on the existence and ways of preventing an epidemic of exercise-associated hyponatraemia (EAH). This article reviews evidence for the prevalence of both biochemical and clinical hyponatraemia. ...
Goldenberg Ilan - - 2012
Arrhythmic events in long-QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) may be associated with exercise, acute arousal, or rest/sleep. We aimed to identify trigger-specific risk factors for cardiac events in patients with LQT1. The study population comprised 721 genetically confirmed patients with LQT1 from the US portion of the International LQTS Registry. ...
Collins Malcolm - - 2011
We have shown that a variant within COL5A1, which encodes a subunit of type V collagen, is associated with injury and performance phenotypes. Although seemingly unrelated, these phenotypes are directly or indirectly associated with the mechanical properties of musculoskeletal soft tissue. We therefore hypothesize that variants in the COL5A1 gene ...
Suri Pradeep - - 2011
To determine whether trunk extension endurance changes with training are associated with clinically meaningful improvements in balance among mobility-limited older adults. Longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial. Outpatient rehabilitation research center. Community-dwelling older adults (N=64; mean age, 75.9y) with mobility limitations as defined by a score of 4 to ...
Matsumoto Akiko - - 2011
Bodyweight loss during spaceflight has been observed among astronauts since the early space missions. Considerable mission data has been accumulated, including data from female astronauts, on the many Shuttle and International Space Station missions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between observed weight loss during spaceflight ...
Pereira Danielle Aparecida Gomes - - 2011
The aim of this study is to compare the response of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 1 (s-TNFr1) to two submaximal intensities of exercise in individuals with heart failure (HF). Thirty-two HF individuals aged 45.53 ± 9.41 years, classes II and III of the New York Heart Association (NYHA) ...
Verschuren Olaf - - 2011
Aim  Evidence-based recommendations regarding which exercise tests to use in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) are lacking. This makes it very difficult for therapists and researchers to choose the appropriate exercise-related outcome measures for this group. This study aimed to identify a core set of exercise tests for ...
Weening-Dijksterhuis Elizabeth - - 2011
The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review on training outcomes influencing physical fitness, activity of daily living performance, and quality-of-life in institutionalized older people. We reviewed 27 studies on older people (age, ≥70 yrs) in long-term care facilities and nursing homes. Our ultimate goal was to ...
Daginnus Klaus - - 2011
A model-based prioritisation exercise has been carried out for the Water Framework Directive (WFD) implementation. The approach considers two aspects: the hazard of a certain chemical and its exposure levels, and focuses on aquatic ecosystems, but also takes into account hazards due to secondary poisoning, bioaccumulation through the food chain ...
Liu Christine K - - 2011
By 2015, nearly 15% of the US population will be older than 65 years. In 2030, there will be more than 70 million older Americans. This increase in the elderly population has prompted interest in recent years toward the study of frail older adults. This article reviews the literature investigating ...
Duggan Gavin E - - 2011
Exercise training is a common therapeutic approach known to antagonize the metabolic consequences of obesity. The aims of the present study were to examine 1) whether short-term, moderate-intensity exercise training alters the basal metabolite profile and 2) if 10 days of mild exercise training can correct obesity-induced shifts in metabolic ...
Cruise K E - - 2011
The benefits of physical exercise for psychological aspects of quality of life (QoL) are well established in normally ageing adults, yet potential benefits for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) have received limited attention. This study evaluated the benefits of exercise for cognitive functioning, mood and disease-specific QoL for people with ...
McAuley Edward - - 2011
This study examined differential trajectories of exercise-related self-efficacy beliefs across a 12-month randomized controlled exercise trial. Previously inactive older adults (N = 144; M age = 66.5) were randomly assigned to one of two exercise conditions (walking, flexibility-toning-balance) and completed measures of barriers self-efficacy (BARSE), exercise self-efficacy (EXSE), and self-efficacy ...
Durante Amanda - - 2010
Objectives:  In April 2006, Connecticut conducted an exercise that tested its ability to receive and dispense antibiotics from the Strategic National Stockpile. In conjunction with the exercise, a competency-based assessment was performed to determine the training needs of point of dispensing (POD) workers. Methods:  POD core competencies were developed by ...
Carlucci Flaminia - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate acute residual effects of a single vibration session on balance control in a group of elderly women. Several studies, in fact, have shown that whole-body vibration (WBV) training may improve balance in the elderly, but possible side effects of acute exposure to ...
Calmels P - - 2011
After stroke, the early and persistent decline in aerobic capacity leads to diminish walking capacities. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of aerobic cycloergometer interval-training on the walking performances in subacute and chronic stroke survivors. A prospective design was used. Fourteen patients whose stroke had occurred ...
Winker Robert - - 2010
Cognitive impairment of the elderly contributes to morbidity, loss of quality of life, and impairment of work ability in aging western societies. Thus strategies to maintain cognitive function at an advanced age imply a great challenge to Occupational Medicine. To study whether intensive endurance exercise training is associated with better ...
Leung R W M - - 2011
The effectiveness of exercise training in people with COPD is well established. However, alternative methods of training such as Tai Chi have not been widely evaluated. This paper describes the study design of a clinical trial which aims to determine if short form Sun-style Tai Chi improves exercise capacity and ...
Schneider Joanne Kraenzle - - 2011
nearly 61% of older adults do not maintain recommended exercise levels emphasising the need for interventions that promote exercise. to compare self-reported exercise behaviour and functional outcomes over 1 year across three groups of older adults: a cognitive-behavioural therapy group, an attention-control education group and a control group. randomised intervention. ...
Baker Michael K - - 2011
Progressive resistance training (PRT) counteracts sarcopenia and has been demonstrated to improve physical function and quality of life in older adults. Despite the clear benefits of PRT, participation remains low. The core self-evaluation (CSE) construct is theoretically antecedent to four personality traits: locus of control, self-esteem, neuroticism (emotional stability), and ...
Ohtake Mariko - - 2010
Background: Intervention strategies for 'prevention of conditions leading to the need for long-term care' (prevention of long-term care status) that have physically and mentally proven effects are needed. Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to clarify the physical and psycho-social effects of an exercise program-easily performed at ...
Rose Debra J - - 2010
This article reviews the evidence for the effectiveness of stand-alone exercise interventions and multifactorial intervention strategies that include exercise in lowering fall incidence rates and/or fall risk among older adults residing in the community, acute, subacute, and long-term care settings. Stand-alone exercise programs that emphasize multiple exercise categories are effective ...
Jedrziewski M Kathryn - - 2010
Age remains a robust risk factor for Alzheimer's disease as well as other dementias. Therefore, the aging of the population in the United States will result in dramatic increases in the prevalence of dementia if preventative interventions are not identified. The aim of this study was to examine potential associations ...
Thom Jeanette M - - 2011
Evidence suggests that exercise and some cognition-focused intervention approaches can be used to elicit functional improvements in older people and, to some degree, those diagnosed with dementia. Independently, the two intervention types have been found to improve functional performance in people with dementia. The mechanisms underpinning these improvements come from ...
Sandbakk Oyvind - - 2010
Sandbakk, Ø, Welde, B, and Holmberg, H-C. Endurance training and sprint performance in elite junior cross-country skiers. J Strength Cond Res 24(x): 000-000, 2010-The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between aerobic characteristics and sprint skiing performance, and the effects of high-intensity endurance training on sprint ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2011
Previous research suggests that water exercise (WE) improves bodily functions of the frail elderly, but there is as yet no research on the effect of once weekly WE. This study aims to compare the effects of once and twice weekly WE on bodily functions of frail elderly requiring nursing care ...
Nylen Eric S - - 2010
To investigate the prognostic effect of exercise capacity in older individuals with diabetes mellitus. Retrospective data review in a clinic-based cohort. Veterans Affairs Medical Centers in Washington, District of Columbia, and Palo Alto, California. Two thousand eight hundred sixty-seven men aged 50 to 87 with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise ...
Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2010
Younger women typically exhibit marked dilation of the common femoral artery (CFA) during knee extensor exercise; this is in apparent contrast to subject groups with larger (men) and/or older (older women) vessels, which on average display much smaller exercise-induced increases in CFA diameter. To gain additional insight into this variation, ...
Egerton Thorlene T School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Clinical Research Centre for Movement Disorders and Gait, Southern Health, Kingston Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. thorlene.egerton@southernhealth.org.au, - - 2011
Background and Purpose. Fatiguing exercise can adversely alter postural stability and therefore may contribute to falling. However, older adults rarely perform exercise to fatigue. This study aimed to determine whether undertaking a single bout of moderate-intensity physical activity, similar to that experienced during daily activity or rehabilitation, altered the ability to ...
Hirano Akemi - - 2011
With an aim to improve quality of life in caregivers of dementia patients, we examined the effect of regular exercise on caregivers' sense of burden and their physical symptoms. Participants were 31 elderly caregivers living with older patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's-type dementia. They were randomly assigned to either the intervention ...
Arampatzis Adamantios - - 2011
Old adults show a decreased recovery performance compared to young ones after unexpected perturbations increasing the risk of falls. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a specific training of mechanisms responsible for dynamic stability on the recovery performance of old adults after simulated ...
Yamada Minoru - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a trail-walking exercise (TWE) program on the rate of falls in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: This trial was conducted in Japan and involved community-dwelling older adults as participants. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty participants randomized into a TWE group (n=30) and ...
Fitzharris Michael P - - 2010
the burden of falls and fall-related injuries among older adults is well established. Contention surrounds the effectiveness, and hence value, of multi-component fall prevention interventions delivered in the community. using consensus-based analytic guidelines rather than time-to-first fall as the primary endpoint, the objective was to examine the effectiveness of the ...
Thomas Susie - - 2010
the 'Otago exercise programme' (OEP) is a strength and balance retraining programme designed to prevent falls in older people living in the community. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of the OEP on the risk of death and fall rates and to explore levels of compliance ...
Lubetzky-Vilnai Anat - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and impaired balance after stroke is strongly associated with future function and recovery. Until recently there has been limited evidence to support the use of balance training to improve balance performance in this population. Information about the optimum exercise dosage has also ...
Hasegawa-Ohira Masako - - 2010
Recently, Tai Chi, which is one of the Chinese traditional martial arts, has been receiving attention. The main feature of Tai Chi is its flowing movements including loosening up, relaxing, and practicing meditation with slow abdominal respiration. Tai Chi is widely taken as part of health-promotion activities or rehabilitation training, ...
Moraes Helena - - 2011
The effects of physical exercise on mental health have been extensively investigated, mainly in older people. Recent studies have looked into the acute effect of exercise on the brain using standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA). We assessed EEG power and mood changes after 20 min of aerobic exercise in elderly ...
Yu Fang - - 2010
Older adults reap many health benefits from aerobic exercise training; however, little is known about how to monitor the training responses in older adults with Alzheimer's disease. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the correlation of objectively measured heart rate and subjectively reported perceived exertion during aerobic ...
Liang Kelvin Y KY From the Program in Neuroscience, Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, - - 2010
In addition to the increasingly recognized role of physical exercise in maintaining cognition, exercise may influence Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, as transgenic mouse studies show lowered levels of AD pathology in exercise groups. The objective of this study was to elucidate the association between exercise and AD pathology in humans ...
Kruse Robin L - - 2010
Weight-bearing exercise has been discouraged for people with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy (DM+PN). However, people with diabetes mellitus and insensate feet have an increased risk of falling. Lower-extremity exercise and balance training reduce fall risk in some older adults. It is unknown whether those with neuropathy experience similar benefits. ...
Lion Alexis - - 2010
To study the effect of exercise and dehydration on the postural sensory-motor strategies, 10 sportsmen performed a 45 min-exercise on a cycle ergometer at intensity just below the ventilatory threshold without fluid intake. They performed, before, immediately and 20 min after exercise, a sensory organization test to evaluate balance control ...
Salem Yasser - - 2011
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of providing a community-based aquatic exercise programme and to examine the effects of a group aquatic exercise programme in individuals with multiple sclerosis. This study illustrates the implementation of a multidisciplinary community-based programme in a university community wellness centre coordinated ...
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