Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 822
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Powell Amy P - - 2005
As our population ages, promotion of physical activity as a tool to prevent and treat disease will become increasingly important. A number of physiologic changes occur with aging that may impact athletic performance, including decrease in muscle mass, decrease in maximum heart rate, and decrease in VO2max. These changes are ...
Thomas G Neil - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi is rapidly gaining in popularity, worldwide. This study was performed to assess its impact on cardiovascular risk factors in comparison with resistance training exercises in elderly Chinese subjects. METHODS: A total of 207 healthy elderly participants (65-74 years, 113/207 (55%) men) were randomly assigned to one of ...
Emery Charles F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Older adults are likely to experience delayed rates of wound healing, impaired neuroendocrine responsiveness, and increased daily stress. Exercise activity has been shown to have a positive effect on physiological functioning and psychological functioning among older adults. This study evaluated the effect of a 3-month exercise program on wound ...
Thornton M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore multi-dimensional benefits of exercise participation perceived by adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their caregivers. METHODS: Adults (n=27, aged 18-66) with moderate or severe TBI 6 months or more earlier participated in focus groups following 6 weeks of an activity-based (ABE) or a virtual reality (VR) ...
Laffrey Shirley Cloutier - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to adapt and test an instrument to measure decisional balance for exercise with older Mexican American women. Items were derived from a Decisional Balance Scale (DBS) developed by Marcus, Rakowski, and Rossi (1992) and a focus group with Mexican American women aged 60 to ...
Buckley John G - - 2005
Visual impairment is an important risk factor for falls, but relatively little is known about how it affects stair negotiation. The present study determined how medio-lateral (ML) dynamics of stepping and single limb support stability when stepping up or down to a new level were affected by blurring the vision ...
Chan Agnes S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the memory function of older adults who regularly practiced mind-body (MB) or cardiovascular (CV) exercises with that of those who did not engage in regular exercise. Older adults who engaged in both types of exercise were also included to examine the combined effects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study between ...
Hess Jennifer A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 10-week, high-intensity strength-training program targeting key lower extremity muscles for the purpose of improving postural control in balance-impaired older adults. METHODS: A quasi-experimental, delayed entry controlled design was used to evaluate balance ability in balance-impaired older adults ...
Liu-Ambrose Teresa Y L - - 2005
To determine whether exercise-induced reductions in fall risk are maintained in older women 1 year after the cessation of three types of interventions--resistance training, agility training, and general stretching. One-year observational study. Community. Ninety-eight women aged 75 to 85 with low bone mass. Primary outcome measure was fall risk, measured ...
Federici Ario - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loss of balance is a major risk factor for falls in the elderly, and physical exercise may improve balance in both elderly and middle-aged people. We propose a clinical trial to test the efficacy of an exercise program based on dance in improving balance in adult and ...
Pang Marco Y C - - 2005
To examine the effects of a community-based group exercise program for older individuals with chronic stroke. Prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled intervention trial. Intervention was community-based. Data collection was performed in a research laboratory located in a rehabilitation hospital. Sixty-three older individuals (aged > or = 50) with chronic stroke (poststroke ...
Robitaille Yvonne - - 2005
We investigated the effectiveness of a group-based exercise intervention to improve balancing ability among older adults delivered in natural settings by staff in local community organizations. The main component of the intervention consisted of biweekly group-based exercise sessions conducted over 12 weeks by a professional, coupled with home-based exercises. In ...
Campbell A John - - 2005
To assess the efficacy and cost effectiveness of a home safety programme and a home exercise programme to reduce falls and injuries in older people with low vision. Randomised controlled trial. Dunedin and Auckland, New Zealand. 391 women and men aged > or =75 with visual acuity of 6/24 or ...
Robbins JoAnne - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of an 8-week progressive lingual resistance exercise program on swallowing in older individuals, the most "at risk" group for dysphagia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort intervention study. SETTING: Subjects were recruited from the community at large. PARTICIPANTS: Ten healthy men and women aged 70 to 89. INTERVENTION: ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of older adults with screening prior to starting an exercise program (structured or unstructured), and the impact this had on their willingness to engage in physical activity. This was a qualitative study using a focus group methodology. Focus groups were ...
Demura Shinichi - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to construct QOL models for the elderly that included ikigai as a composition factor and to clarify differences in two kinds of models, one constructed for the elderly with habitual exercise and the other for those without it. The subjects were 1,566 healthy community-dwelling ...
Kritchevsky Stephen B SB The Sticht Center on Aging and Center for Human Genomics, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2005
Physical performance in response to exercise appears to be influenced by the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D) genotype in young adults, but whether this relationship could help explain variation in older individuals' response to exercise has not been well studied. To determine whether the ACE genotype interacts with significant ...
Whitehurst Michael A - - 2005
The physical benefits of a functional exercise circuit are not well known in an elderly population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a functional exercise circuit on mobility and perceived health in the elderly. Subjects were 119 men and women (aged 74 [+/-4.2] years) who ...
Choi Jung Hyun - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports a study to determine changes in the physical fitness (knee and ankle muscle strength, balance, flexibility, and mobility), fall avoidance efficacy, and fall episodes of institutionalized older adults after participating in a 12-week Sun-style Tai Chi exercise programme. BACKGROUND: Fall prevention has a high priority in ...
Weeks Douglas L - - 2005
This study examined whether self-efficacy and quality of exercise performance in healthy elderly adults was influenced by the age and gender of the model who demonstrated the exercises to them. Twenty men and 20 women over 60 years of age were randomly assigned to one of four groups who viewed ...
Stiggelbout Maarten - - 2006
Little is known about the predictors of maintenance in organized exercise programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the behavioral predictors of maintenance of exercise participation in older adults, using an integrated social psychological model. To this end, we carried out a prospective cohort study (n = 1,725; ...
Moore Justin B - - 2005
Many elderly persons are engaging in resistance exercise to counter muscle atrophy due to aging. Here, the acute effects of resistance exercise on postural control mechanisms were examined. Postural control was quantified by mean square center-of-pressure displacements were calculated utilizing force vectors in accordance with previously developed equations. Stabilogram-diffusion plots ...
Juvani Satu - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to describe the significance of the physical environment in supporting the well-being of the elderly aged over 65 years. The aim was to produce knowledge that will complement the knowledge-base of gerontologic nursing. STUDY DESIGN: The study was qualitative. Thirty-nine home-dwelling elderly persons aged over 65 ...
Wolfson Leslie - - 2005
White matter signal abnormality (WMSA) is often present in the MRIs of older persons with mobility impairment. We examined the relationship between impaired mobility and the progressive accrual of WMSA. Mobility was assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and quantitative measures of gait and balance. Fourteen subjects had ...
Means Kevin M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term effect of an exercise-based rehabilitation intervention on balance, mobility, falls and injuries. DESIGN: This randomized, controlled trial with repeated measures was performed at an outpatient rehabilitation center. Elderly, ambulatory, community-dwelling volunteers underwent 6 wks of supervised stretching, balance, endurance, coordination, and strengthening exercises. Controls attended ...
Smith Jo - - 2005
Effective compliance with physiotherapy exercises is only possible if patients remember the exercises accurately. The purpose of this study was to assess how well elderly in-patients remembered simple physiotherapy exercises, by comparing the ability to accurately reproduce a set of exercises in a group of patients that had received a ...
Topp Robert - - 2005
This study compared the efficacy of 16 weeks of either resistance training, aerobic walking, or combined resistance training and aerobic walking on the performance of functional tasks among adults age 65 years and older with limited functional ability. One hundred thirty-one older adult individuals were randomized into four groups: resistance ...
DiBrezzo Ro - - 2005
Loss of balance and falling are critical concerns for older adults. Physical activity can improve balance and decrease the risk of falling. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a simple, low-cost exercise program for community-dwelling older adults. Sixteen senior adults were evaluated using the Senior Fitness Test for ...
Petrella Robert John - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of chronic exercise training initiated later in life upon development of metabolic markers of cardiovascular disease risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Two inception cohorts of previously sedentary healthy adults aged 55-75 years at baseline (1989), one initiating regular supervised physical exercise training and the other ...
Parise Gianni - - 2005
Regular resistance exercise increases muscle strength and induces muscle fibre hypertrophy in older adults. Although the underlying causes of aging remain unclear, like acute exercise, aging is associated with oxidative stress. In ageing, however, oxidative stress is closely associated with mitochondrial dysfunction as proposed by the mitochondrial theory of aging. ...
Karinkanta S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Proper balance seems to be a critical factor in terms of fall prevention among the elderly. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine factors that are associated with dynamic balance and health-related quality of life in home-dwelling elderly women. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-three healthy postmenopausal ...
Marigold Daniel S - - 2005
To determine the effect of two different community-based group exercise programs on functional balance, mobility, postural reflexes, and falls in older adults with chronic stroke. A randomized, clinical trial. Community center. Sixty-one community-dwelling older adults with chronic stroke. Participants were randomly assigned to an agility (n=30) or stretching/weight-shifting (n=31) exercise ...
Kornatz Kurt W - - 2005
A steadiness-improving intervention was used to determine the contribution of variability in motor unit discharge rate to the fluctuations in index finger acceleration and manual dexterity in older adults. Ten healthy and sedentary old adults (age 72.9 +/- 5.8 yr; 5 men) participated in the study involving abduction of the ...
Hatta Arihiro - - 2005
We examined the effects of habitual moderate exercise on central information processing in older individuals using the reaction time (RT) and P3 component of event-related brain potentials (ERP). The present study was designed to assess cognitive function by comparing groups of 20 older individuals (69.20 +/- 1.3 years active group) ...
Wilcox Sara - - 2005
Six focus groups were conducted with underactive African American (n = 16) and white (n = 23) women aged 50 years and older, residing in a nonmetropolitan county in South Carolina, to examine perceptions, barriers, and motivators related to exercise. Transcripts were coded and codes were entered into NUD*IST to ...
Huggett Deanna L - - 2005
Most of the data that describe maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) and the requirements for its attainment have been developed using young adults as subjects. Many older adults are unable to satisfactorily complete a maximal exercise effort in a standard exercise stress test. This review describes exercise tests currently available to ...
Hogan Michael - - 2005
Age-related reduction in musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and central nervous system resilience can result in wide-ranging limitations in adaptive capacity associated with negative outcomes such as cognitive decline, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, mobility problems, and increased incidence of debilitating falls. This article reviews the benefits of both cognitive and physical activity ...
Easterling Caryn - - 2005
Previous studies have shown that the Shaker Exercise is effective in restoring oral intake in patients with deglutitive failure due to upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dysfunction. Our aim was to determine (1) exerciser compliance among healthy older adults, (2) number of days required to attain the isometric (IM) and isokinetic ...
Ribeiro Angela dos Santos Bersot Ados - - 2005
Vestibular system is the absolute referential for the maintenance of balance. Functional deficit with aging can result in balance disturbance and in increase of likelihood of falls. AIM: To verify whether specific therapeutic approach of the system can promote motor learning and can contribute to the improvement of balance and ...
Herning Margaret M - - 2005
Although exercise has both physical and psychological benefits, most older adults do not exercise on a regular basis. Physical therapists need to explore ways to encourage sustained commitment. This article proposes that cognitive factors contribute to older adults inactivity and that the self regulation of exercise maintenance model is a ...
Lees Faith D - - 2005
Longer life expectancy, rapid population growth, and low exercise-participation rates of adults 65 and older justify the need for better understanding of older adults' exercise behavior. The objectives of this focus-group study were to determine barriers to the exercise behavior of older adults. Six focus groups, three with exercisers and ...
Watsford Mark L - - 2005
Older adults' participation in habitual exercise might be affected by alterations to respiratory mechanics such as decreased respiratory-muscle strength. This reduction can cause a decrease in efficiency of the ventilatory pump, potentially compromising exercise participation. This research examined the role of habitual exercise in respiratory-muscle function and the associated implications ...
Bautmans Ivan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fatigue or lack of interest can reduce the feasibility of intensive physical exercise in nursing home residents. Low-volume exercise interventions with similar training effects might be an alternative. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to investigate the feasibility of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) in institutionalised elderly, and ...
Gabrilove Janice - - 2005
Anemia is a common problem in the management of elderly patients. Anemia in the elderly is linked to an increase in morbidity and mortality, and serves as an independent variable associated with poor outcomes. In the elderly population, anemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular health and early death, contributes ...
Wong Y K - - 2005
We explored the feasibility and efficacy of an exercise programme for elderly people with knee pain conducted via videoconferencing. Twenty-two community-dwelling subjects aged 60 years or above with knee pain were recruited from two community centres in Hong Kong. A 12-week exercise programme, including strengthening and balance training, was given ...
Damush Teresa M - - 2005
In order to provide successful interventions to increase physical activity among inactive older adults, it is imperative to understand motivational factors influencing exercise. The authors present data from 191 (baseline) and 125 (12-month) community-dwelling men and women with mean ages of 68.71 (7.47) and 67.55 (7.55) years, respectively, from a ...
Li Fuzhong - - 2005
This study examined the role of falls self-efficacy as a potential mediator of the exercise and fear-of-falling relationship. The study sample involved 256 community-dwelling older adults aged 70-92 years (M = 77.48, SD = 4.95) who were recruited from a local health care system in Portland, Oregon, and participated in ...
Jansson Sara - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate an individually tailored home-based exercise programme of balance in the elderly. The aim was also to examine if the degree of confidence of a person in performing common daily activities without falling could be influenced by training and if there were ...
Islam Mohammod M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Adequate levels of physical balance and muscular strength are necessary to live independently in old age. The effects of an exercise training program targeting the sensory and muscle systems on balance and strength in a group of older adults were determined in this study. METHODS: Static balance (one-leg balance ...
Kamen Gary - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated changes in motor unit (MU) firing rates in young and older adults during exercise training. METHODS: Vastus lateralis MU discharge rates were measured in 8 young and 7 older adults. Each participant performed isometric knee extension contractions at 10%, 50%, and 100% of maximal voluntary contraction ...
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