Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 822
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Dinan Susie - - 2006
There is convincing evidence about the benefits of exercise training in community dwelling frailer older people, but little evidence that this intervention can be delivered in general practice. In this prospective cohort study in 14 general practices in north London we assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of a tailored exercise ...
Dodd K J - - 2006
PURPOSE: This qualitative study explored the perceptions of adults with multiple sclerosis about the positive and negative effects of a progressive resistance strengthening programme; and identified factors that might facilitate or create barriers to participation. METHODS: Seven women and two men (mean age 45.6 years, SD 10.7) with multiple sclerosis ...
Mansky Patrick - - 2006
Tai chi chuan (TCC) has been used as a mind-body practice in Asian culture for centuries to improve wellness and reduce stress and has recently received attention by researchers as an exercise intervention. A review of the English literature on research in TCC published from 1989 to 2006 identified 20 ...
Morley John E - - 2006
Frailty is a common condition in older people. It now can be objectively defined by the Fried criteria. When recognized, early intervention should begin with the institution of endurance, resistance, and balance exercises. In men with testosterone deficiency a trial of testosterone replacement should be considered. Vitamin D deficiency needs ...
Ball Samuel A - - 2007
Two brief (3-session) interventions were evaluated in a community sample of 98 non-dependent heavy drinking adults. Three weeks of intensive daily monitoring of drinking using a hand-held computer were completed before and after a 3-week intervention phase in which participants were randomly assigned to a brief coping skills, brief motivational ...
de Vreede Paul L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the effect of exercise programmes on older adults' health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and habitual physical activity are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a functional tasks exercise programme (enhances functional capacity) and a resistance exercise programme (increases muscle strength) have a different effect on the HRQOL and ...
Shirazi Kambiz Karimzadeh - - 2007
Physical activity (PA) helps to prevent osteoporosis, but older women are often sedentary. This study used a pre-post randomized controlled design to evaluate a 12-week exercise education intervention program based on the stages of change (SoC) and processes of change from the transtheoretical change model (TTM) to improve adherence with ...
Betker Aimee L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether coupling foot center of pressure (COP)-controlled video games to standing balance exercises will improve dynamic balance control and to determine whether the motivational and challenging aspects of the video games would increase a subject's desire to perform the exercises and complete the rehabilitation process. DESIGN: Case ...
Demark-Wahnefried Wendy - - 2006
Declines in physical functioning (PF) among elderly cancer patients threaten quality of life and the ability to maintain independence. Adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviors may prevent functional decline. Project Leading the Way in Exercise and Diet (LEAD), an intervention development study of the Pepper Older Americans Independence Center, aimed to ...
Kjos Victoria - - 2006
Identifying alternative exercise modalities in an effort to stimulate and promote participation in physical activity, especially among older adults, is a critical health consideration. The purpose of this study was to compare physiological and psychological responses to medical qigong with self-paced brisk walking. Older women (55-79 years) performed 22 min ...
Faber Marjan J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of moderate intensity group-exercise programs on falls, functional performance, and disability in older adults; and to investigate the influence of frailty on these effects. DESIGN: A 20-week, multicenter randomized controlled trial, with 52-week follow-up. SETTING: Fifteen homes for the elderly. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seventy-eight men ...
Delbaere Kim - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of being fearful or fearless of falls in older people. METHODS: Using a force plate, postural control in different sensory and rhythmic conditions was measured in 263 community-dwelling older people. Other assessments included fear of falling, and handgrip strength. Fall incidence was assessed at baseline ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simplified Tai Chi exercise program for frail older adults. DESIGN: For phase I, using a focus group, 40 frail Taiwanese older adults were interviewed to explore their viewpoints on Tai Chi and have been reported elsewhere. This paper emphasized on the phase II of the study ...
Mao De Wei de - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe and quantify the plantar pressure distribution characteristics during Tai Chi exercise and to explain the beneficial effect of Tai Chi on balance control and muscle strength when compared with normal walking. DESIGN: Description and within-subject design. SETTING: A biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen experienced Tai Chi practitioners. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Shigematsu Ryosuke - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many falls in the elderly are caused by tripping. After tripping, a certain level of lower-extremity functional fitness is necessary, in order to make protective responses and to avoid falling. The purpose of this study was to test whether our new exercise program (a square-stepping exercise: SSE) ...
George Valerie A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study differences between non-certified diabetes educator registered dietitians (non-CDE-RDs) and certified diabetes educator registered dietitians (CDE-RDs) in the design and content of programs to promote physical activity in older adults with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: The Exercise Teaching Questionnaire was used to assess knowledge of and promotion of ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2006
AIM: This paper reports a study to examine change in psychosocial status following a 12-week Tai Chi exercise intervention among ethnic Chinese people with cardiovascular disease risk factors living in the United States of America. BACKGROUND: Regular participation in physical activity is associated with protection against cardioavascular disease, and improvements ...
Struck Bryan D - - 2006
Some degree of physical activity is always preferable to a sedentary lifestyle. For home bound elderly, with limited mobility and strength, physical activity should be focused on "functional fitness," such as performing activities of daily living, transfers, and mobility. We examine the benefits of exercise for frail home bound elderly, ...
Audette Joseph F - - 2006
PURPOSE: to compare the effects of a short style of Tai Chi versus brisk walking training programme on aerobic capacity, heart rate variability (HRV), strength, flexibility, balance, psychological status and quality of life in elderly women. METHODS: nineteen community-dwelling, sedentary women (aged 71.4 +/- 4.5 years) were randomly assigned to ...
Neumann Serina A - - 2006
Silent myocardial ischemia (SI) has been linked to increased risk of future coronary events. Enhanced systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) and heart-rate (HR) reactions to stress (cardiovascular reactivity [CVR]) have been associated with greater severity of SI and are related prospectively to coronary-artery-disease endpoints. The authors ...
Littbrand Håkan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Knowledge concerning the applicability and the effect of high-intensity exercise programs is very limited for older people with severe cognitive and physical impairments. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of a high-intensity functional weight-bearing exercise program among older people who are dependent ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of the study was to assess the concurrent validity of the 400 meter self-paced walk test (400-m W) against the commonly used short physical performance battery (SPPB). A secondary purpose was to determine whether the 400-m W could better discriminate physical performance among high functioning ...
Pournaras Constantin J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the capability of the subfoveal choroidal circulation to regulate its blood flow in response to an acute increase in ocular perfusion pressure in the eyes of healthy elderly persons or of subjects with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Changes of subfoveal choroidal blood velocity (ChBVel), volume ...
Forkan Rebecca - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study looked at adherence, and factors affecting adherence, to a prescribed home exercise program (HEP) in older adults with impaired balance following discharge from physical therapy. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 556 older adults (> or =65 years of age) who were discharged from physical therapy during ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2006
CONTEXT: Declines in physical performance are associated with aging and chronic health conditions. Appropriate physical activity interventions can reverse functional limitations and help maintain independent living. Tai chi is a popular form of exercise in China among older adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tai chi improves balance, muscular strength and ...
Adler Patricia A PA Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2006
Tai Chi is a slow and gentle exercise that is suitable for older adults with chronic illness. This exercise offers the benefits of flexibility, muscle strengthening, and endurance training. Tai Chi has the capability of improving the health of elders without exacerbating existing impairments. Therefore, older adults may be more ...
Gill Thomas M TM Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn. 06504, USA. - - 2006
Little is known about the natural course of frailty. We performed a prospective study to determine the transition rates between frailty states and to evaluate the effect of the preceding frailty state on subsequent frailty transitions. We studied 754 community-living persons, aged 70 years or older, who were nondisabled in ...
Mian Omar S - - 2007
Stair descent is a challenging task in old age. This study firstly investigated lower extremity kinematics during stair descent in young (YOU) and healthy, community dwelling older adults (OLD). Secondly, the impact of an exercise training intervention on age-related differences in stair descent was assessed. At baseline, a motion analysis ...
Woo J Susie - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in oxygen efficiency occur with aging or exercise training in healthy young and older subjects. BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity declines with age and improves with exercise training. Whether changes in oxygen efficiency, defined as the oxygen cost per unit work, ...
Mian Omar S - - 2007
The metabolic cost of walking (C(W)) is increased in healthy older adults. Previously, this has been suggested to be associated with age-related decline in physiological/functional factors such as stability and muscle size and strength. Physical training can improve such factors as well as aspects of gait performance in older adults. ...
Dolansky Mary A - - 2006
In spite of the documented benefits of cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) participation, older adults are not likely to participate. Older adults' expectations of and experiences with CRPs are not known. It is also not known whether women and men differ in their expectations and experiences. This descriptive study used a ...
Gatts Strawberry K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Though previous research has shown that Tai Chi reduces falls risk in older adults, no studies have examined underlying neural mechanisms responsible for balance improvement. We aimed to determine the efficacy of Tai Chi training in improving neuromuscular response characteristics underlying balance control in balance-impaired older adults. ...
Otsuki Takeshi - - 2006
Reduction of systemic arterial compliance (SAC) with aging increases left ventricular afterload. The present study was designed to examine whether age-related reduction of SAC is related to excessive myocardial oxygen consumption during sub-maximal aerobic exercise. We studied elderly (60-69 years; n = 25) and senior (70-82 years; n = 25) ...
Timonen Leena - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An acute illness may place older frail people at increased risk of losing independence in functional abilities. Physical exercise may reduce the risk by improving muscle strength and balance. However, the effects of physical training on functional abilities have not been studied among frail, very old people ...
De Moor M H M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether regular exercise is associated with anxiety, depression and personality in a large population-based sample as a function of gender and age. METHODS: The sample consisted of adolescent and adult twins and their families (N=19,288) who participated in the study on lifestyle and health from The Netherlands ...
Larson Eric B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease and other dementing disorders are major sources of morbidity and mortality in aging societies. Proven strategies to delay onset or reduce risk for dementing disorders would be greatly beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether regular exercise is associated with a reduced risk for dementia and Alzheimer disease. DESIGN: ...
Weerdesteyn Vivian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Falls in the elderly are a major health problem. Although exercise programs have been shown to reduce the risk of falls, the optimal exercise components, as well as the working mechanisms that underlie the effectiveness of these programs, have not yet been established. OBJECTIVE: To test whether the Nijmegen ...
Lu Wan-An - - 2006
The health of the middle-aged and elderly people is a major concern given the rapid aging population and rising costs of medical care. Low-impact exercise on a regular basis is ideal for maintaining the well-being of an aging population. Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is the most well-known and most widely ...
Kolbe-Alexander T L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a community-based, low-intensity exercise programme in older adults from socio-economically and historically disadvantaged communities. DESIGN: Three community centres were selected: two were allocated to the same 20-week, twice-weekly exercise program (EX1, n=38; EX2, n=32); and a third to ...
Orr Rhonda - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Age-related decline in muscle power may be an early indicator of balance deficits and fall risk, even in nonfrail adults. This study examined the dose-dependent effect of power training on balance performance in healthy older adults. METHODS: One hundred twelve community-dwelling healthy older adults (69 +/- 6 years) were ...
Nour Kareen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study examined the impact of a home-based self-management intervention for housebound older adults with arthritis on the adoption of health behaviors. The moderating role of socio-demographic, psychological, and physical characteristics in the process of behavior change was also investigated. METHODS: Participants were 113 older adult women (n = ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2006
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore with minority older adults their experience in the Senior Exercise Self-Efficacy Pilot Program (SESEP) and establish what aspects of the SESEP helped the participants engage in exercise and what decreased their willingness to exercise. A total of 148 older adults from ...
Mäirki Anita - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a counselling programme based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavioural change, for promoting exercise in people over the age of 65. METHOD: The sample (n = 448) consisted of women and men aged between 65 and 92, recruited from Swiss GPs' practices between 2000 and ...
Dauenhauer Jason A - - 2006
To inform the development of educational programming designed to teach providers appropriate methods of exercise prescription for older adults, the authors conducted a survey of 177 physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners (39% response rate). The survey was designed to better understand the prevalence of exercise prescriptions, attitudes, barriers, and ...
Rosendahl Erik - - 2006
The aims of this randomised controlled trial were to determine if a high-intensity functional exercise program improves balance, gait ability, and lower-limb strength in older persons dependent in activities of daily living and if an intake of protein-enriched energy supplement immediately after the exercises increases the effects of the training. ...
Kalapotharakos Vasilios I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There is little information regarding the effect of aerobic exercise on physical and neuromotor performance in older adults. The aim of this randomized, controlled trial was to determine the effects of a 12-wk aerobic exercise program on functional and neuromotor performance in inactive healthy older adults. DESIGN: A total ...
Dotinga Aafje - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to test the quality of the "Quantity Frequency Variability" (QFV) measure and the "Weekly Recall" (WR) measure among second-generation Turks and Moroccans in The Netherlands. Data were gathered in an experimental study conducted in 2002, in Rotterdam, the second largest city in the ...
Eggermont Laura - - 2006
Regional hypoperfusion, associated with a reduction in cerebral metabolism, is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and contributes to cognitive decline. Cerebral perfusion and hence cognition can be enhanced by exercise. The present review describes first how the effects of exercise on cerebral perfusion in AD are mediated by nitric ...
Sakiyama Yukari - - 2005
This study assessed step-up exercises appropriate for elderly persons (M age=70.7 yr., SD=7.0). The group did several exercises in 7 sessions per month (average participants per session was 14, SD=3). A 30-sec. chair-stand test (sit-to-stand), questionnaires on activities of daily living, and impressions of the exercises were examined. Activities of ...
Martin Pamela - - 2005
Older women are one of the most inactive groups in the population despite being at an age where they are at greater risk of health problems. Knowing what influences these women to exercise regularly may help the development of strategies to assist sedentary women in this age group to become ...
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