Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 824
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Baker Michael K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various modalities of exercise have been demonstrated to improve physical function and quality of life in older adults. Current guidelines stress the importance of multi-modal exercise for this cohort, including strengthening exercises, cardiovascular, flexibility and balance training. There is a lack of evidence, however, that simultaneously prescribed doses and ...
Mitchell Meghan - - 2008
This study investigated the relationship between measures of executive functioning and both observed and self-reported functional ability. It was hypothesized that performance on a direct assessment of functional ability would have a stronger correlation with performance on measures of executive functioning than a self-report measure of functional ability. Results supported ...
Vieira Victoria J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the independent effect of parasympathetic tone (PST), assessed here according to heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise, on circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in 132 elderly participants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from an ongoing trial assessing the effects of exercise on immune function. SETTING: ...
Fisher James P - - 2007
We investigated the influence of aging on cardiac baroreflex function during dynamic exercise in seven young (22 +/- 1 yr) and eight older middle-aged (59 +/- 2 yr) healthy subjects. Carotid-cardiac baroreflex function was assessed at rest and during moderate-intensity steady-state cycling performed at 50% heart rate reserve (HRR). Five-second ...
Westlake Kelly P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Age-related changes in proprioception contribute to impairments in postural control and increased fall risk in older adults. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effects of balance exercises on proprioception. SUBJECTS: The participants were 36 older people and 24 younger people who were ...
Focht Brian C - - 2007
This study examined the psychological responses to an acute bout of aerobic exercise in sedentary older and younger adults. Eighteen young (mean age 24 years) and 15 older adults (mean age 64 years) completed a 20-min bout of stationary cycling at 65% of VO2peak. Affective responses were assessed before, during, ...
Mendelsohn Marissa E - - 2007
Although popular in clinical settings, little is known about the utility of all-extremity semirecumbent exercise machines for research. Twenty-one community-dwelling older adults performed two exercise trials (three 4-min stages at increasing workloads) to evaluate the reliability and validity of exercise responses to submaximal all-extremity semirecumbent exercise (BioStep). Exercise responses were ...
Beauchamp Mark R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research suggests that older exercisers prefer to exercise alone rather than in group-based settings. One limitation of these studies, however, has been that researchers have failed to take into account the age-related characteristics of groups when asking adults about their preferences for exercise settings. PURPOSE: ...
Li Fuzhong - - 2007
The primary objective of this study was to provide preliminary evaluation of the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a newly developed Tai Chi-based exercise program for older adults with Parkinson's disease (PD). Using a one-group pretest-posttest design, 17 community-dwelling adults (mean age 71.51 years) with mild to moderate idiopathic PD ...
Mellinger Jürgen J Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, MEG Center, University of Tübingen, Otfried-Müller-Str. 47, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. - - 2007
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow for communicating intentions by mere brain activity, not involving muscles. Thus, BCIs may offer patients who have lost all voluntary muscle control the only possible way to communicate. Many recent studies have demonstrated that BCIs based on electroencephalography (EEG) can allow healthy and severely paralyzed individuals ...
Chasens Eileen R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to describe the association between sleepiness, exercise, and physical function in older adults, testing the hypothesis that sleepiness predicts decreased exercise and impaired physical function in this population. We performed a secondary analysis of data from the National Sleep Foundation's Sleep in America Poll, ...
Tomioka Kei - - 2007
It is more crucial than ever to consider the elderly when designing products. One of the important things to remember is the legibility of characters, since this influences the accessibility and usability of products. We studied the effects of character attributes on legibility using 70 subjects (60 aged 46-79 with ...
Donat Hülya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of unsupervised home and supervised group exercise on parameters related to risk of falling among older adults. DESIGN: Prospective, single-blind, randomized and controlled trial. SETTING: Nursing home. SUBJECTS: The subjects were selected from 535 independent individuals who resided in a nursing home. Forty-two older adults, ...
Wipke-Tevis Deidre D - - 2007
Clinically undetected underhydration lowers subcutaneous tissue oxygen, impairs healing and increases wound infection. This study examined the effect of supplemental oral hydration on noninvasive measures of skin temperature (T(s)), transcutaneous skin O(2) (PtcO(2)), and CO(2) (PtcCO(2)), and skin blood flow (laser Doppler fluxmetry [Flux]=concentration of moving blood cells [CMBC] x ...
Arai Takeshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of short-term exercise intervention on falls self-efficacy and to evaluate the relationships between baseline falls self-efficacy and changes in physical function in older people. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The participants were 171 subjects aged 65 and older. They were randomly assigned into an exercise ...
Graham R C - - 2007
There is insufficient evidence to support the use of exercise in the management of chronic disablement in people with inflammatory peripheral neuropathy. Therefore, our study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a physiotherapist prescribed community based exercise programme for reducing chronic disablement in patients with stable motor neuropathy. ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2007
AIM: This study reports the development and evaluation of a new yoga exercise programme for older adults, called the Silver Yoga Programme. BACKGROUND: Yoga practice is associated with numerous health improvements, including reduced cardiovascular risk, body mass index and blood pressure. Yoga is also associated with improved respiration, psychological health ...
Morris N R - - 2007
This study compared the use of a simple verbal 0-10 numerical rating scale (verbal NRS) and a visual analog scale (VAS) for the rating of dyspnea during exercise in a group of young and older subjects. Twelve younger (32+/-9 yr) and 12 older (71+/-7 yr) subjects used either the verbal ...
Kita K - - 2007
Our protocol resulted in a significant prevention of falls and fractures in addition to marked improvements in the balance function. Intervention comprised a new balance exercise and quadriceps femoris exercise. Subjects were outpatients aged >or=65 years old with musculoskeletal disorders who had a result of <or=15 s for the timed ...
Wong Chit-Ming - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether habitual exercise would modify the effects of air pollution on mortality. METHODS: This study included 24,053 Hong Kong Chinese who died at the age of 30 years or older in 1998. Individual information on frequency of exercise was obtained by interviewing their relatives at all four ...
Starkweather Angela R - - 2007
Biochemical markers of inflammation have been used in recent physical activity intervention studies. However, these same biochemical markers, mainly proinflammatory cytokines, may also be influenced by the individual's level of stress and mood. Accordingly, this pilot study was implemented to determine the effect of a physical activity intervention on perceived ...
Li Yuhua - - 2007
Balance ability decreases with age, which results in an increased risk of falls for people over age 65. Tai Chi exercise appears to offer potential benefits in the reduction of falls for the elderly. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of extended (6- and 12-month) ...
Nour Kareen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sustained maintenance of health behaviors is a determinant of successful symptom reduction strategies for older adults with arthritis. This study examined whether or not short-term improvements in exercise involvement were maintained 8 months following a home-based arthritis self-management intervention as well as the moderating role of individual characteristics in ...
Cancela Carral J M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many studies have sought to assess the effects of physical exercise on older people, but there is little scientific evidence concerning its effects on subjects' quality of life and cognitive function. Besides, there is a need to know how well the elderly can tolerate combined exercise programs of great ...
Foley Robert N - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is not known whether sarcopenia is associated with levels of kidney function in community-dwelling adults. METHODS: Subjects were adult Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants in whom bioimpedance was performed (n = 13,770). Class I sarcopenia was defined as a skeletal mass index of 1-2 standard ...
Aley Lynn - - 2007
PURPOSE: Reaction time (RT) is defined as the time lapse between the onset of a stimulus and the initiation of a response. The purpose of Study 1 was to compare RTs of young and elderly women during ambulation. The purpose of Study 2 was to investigate the effects of regular ...
Melov Simon - - 2007
Human aging is associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and functional impairment (sarcopenia). Multiple lines of evidence suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction is a major contributor to sarcopenia. We evaluated whether healthy aging was associated with a transcriptional profile reflecting mitochondrial impairment and whether resistance exercise could reverse this signature to that ...
Cheung Siu Yin - - 2007
This paper reports on an experimental study that examined the effect of a 15-week Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) exercise programme on the cardiovascular function, pulmonary function, and shoulder range of motion of persons with lower-limb disability. The experimental group comprised 22 people with lower limb disabilities and a control group ...
Rasinaho Minna - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate what older adults with severe, moderate, or no mobility limitation consider motives for and barriers to engaging in physical exercise. Community-dwelling adults (N=645) age 75-81 years completed a questionnaire about their motives for and barriers to physical exercise and answered interview questions ...
Maciaszek J - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of 18-week Tai Chi training on body balance in dynamic trial among elderly men. The study covered 49 subjects from age 60 to 82.1 years, who had osteopenia or osteoporosis. The subjects were recruited from the community by direct mailings ...
Morley John E - - 2007
Falls occur commonly in older persons and are the seventh leading cause of death. Falls are associated with functional deterioration and "fear of falling". Falls can be due to extrinsic factors such as poor lighting, throw rugs and other environmental hazards. Intrinsic causes of falls include physiological changes associated with ...
Tseng Chien-Ning - - 2007
AIM: This paper reports an evaluation of a range-of-motion exercise programme aimed at improving joint flexibility, activity function, perception of pain, and depressive symptoms in a sample of stroke survivors in long-term care facilities. BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical rehabilitation for stroke survivors have been well established. There is, however, ...
Paterson Donald H - - 2007
An abundance of epidemiological research confirms the benefits of physical activity in reducing risk of various age-related morbidities and all-cause mortality. Analysis of the literature focusing on key exercise variables (e.g., intensity, type, and volume) suggests that the requisite beneficial amount of activity is that which engenders improved cardiorespiratory fitness, ...
O'Dwyer Siobhan T - - 2007
Declines in cognitive functioning are a normal part of aging that can affect daily functioning and quality of life. This study will examine the impact of an exercise training program, and a combined exercise and cognitive training program, on the cognitive and physical functioning of older adults. Fit Bodies, Fine ...
Mackey Martin - - 2007
Older workers have a higher rate and cost of injury than younger workers and with a rapidly ageing work force there is a need to identify strategies to address this problem. Older workers are less physically active and fit than younger workers and so have reduced work ability. The reduced ...
Howe T E - - 2007
Diminished ability to maintain balance may be associated with an increased risk of falling. In older adults, falls commonly lead to injury, loss of independence, associated illness and early death. Although some exercise interventions with balance and muscle strengthening components have been shown to reduce falls it is not known ...
Lee Youngbum Y Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. - - 2007
This research implements wireless accelerometer sensor module and algorithm to determine wearer's posture, activity and fall. Wireless accelerometer sensor module uses ADXL202, 2-axis accelerometer sensor (Analog Device). And using wireless RF module, this module measures accelerometer signal and shows the signal at ;Acceloger' viewer program in PC. ADL algorithm determines ...
Brenes G A GA Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Winston-Salem, NC 25157, USA. - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to conduct a pilot clinical trial to test the feasibility and efficacy of an exercise program and anti-depressant treatment compared with usual care in improving the emotional and physical functioning of older adults with minor depression. Participants were 37 older adults with minor depression ...
Luukinen Heikki - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention planned and implemented by regional geriatric care teams in order to prevent falls in an elderly population. METHODS: The study was conducted among 555 (67%) home-dwelling Finnish persons aged 85 years or older of a representative population sample (N=827) in 2000-2003. Altogether ...
Matjacić Zlatko - - 2006
PURPOSE: To quantitatively evaluate the effects of dynamic balance training in patients with hereditary sensory motor neuropathy (HSMN). METHODS: Sixteen patients with HSMN were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. The intervention session consisted of passive stretching, muscle strengthening and dynamic balance training during standing and stepping, ...
Luukinen Heikki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention planned and implemented by regional geriatric care teams in order to prevent disability in an elderly population. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial with intention-to-treat and subgroup analyses. Subjects and setting. All home-dwelling persons aged 85 years or older in the City of Oulu ...
Abate M - - 2007
Frailty may be considered as a vulnerable status, which can precede the onset of overt disability. Operational definitions of frailty vary widely according to the conceptual framework: some authors consider frailty in a broad sense, which encompasses the physical, social, cognitive, psychological dimensions and comorbidity, whereas others define the syndrome ...
Ashburn Ann - - 2007
To evaluate the effectiveness of a personalised home programme of exercises and strategies for repeat fallers with Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic PD, independently mobile, living at home in the community, experiencing more than one fall in the previous 12 months and with intact gross ...
van der Burg J C E - - 2007
Falls occur frequently in the growing population of elderly. Since trunk control is critical for maintaining balance, the higher trunk stiffness in elderly people compared to the general population has been associated with their increased fall-risk. Theoretically, trunk stiffness may be beneficial for balance recovery in walking, i.e. after a ...
Thijssen Dick H J - - 2006
The number of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) is thought to be a marker for neovascularization and vascular repair. Because physical inactivity and aging are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, these factors may influence the numbers of HSCs and EPCs. Therefore, we examined baseline and exercise-induced ...
Delbaere K K Vakgroep Revalidatiewetenschappen en Kinesitherapie, Faculteit Geneeskunde en Gezondheidswetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, België. - - 2006
To investigate the efficacy of a guided and graded home-based exercise program for improving a range of physical outcomes in older people. Controlled clinical trial of 16 weeks. Two geographical areas in Gent, Belgium. 66 independent-living older people (age: 71-98) with a history of falls and moderate physical impairment. Twenty-four ...
Bogaerts An - - 2007
This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of a 12 month whole body vibration training program on postural control in healthy older adults. Two hundred and twenty people were randomly assigned to a whole body vibration group (n=94), a fitness group (n=60) or a control group (n=66). The whole body ...
Karamanidis Kiros - - 2007
The goals of this study were to investigate whether the lower muscle-tendon units (MTUs) capacities in older affect their ability to recover balance with a single-step after a fall, and to examine whether running experience enhances and protects this motor skill in young and old adults. The investigation was conducted ...
Sakamoto Keizo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the unipedal standing balance exercise for 1 min to prevent falls and hip fractures in high-risk elderly individuals with a randomized controlled trial. This control study was designed as a 6-month intervention trial. SUBJECTS: Subjects included 553 clinically ...
Wu Ge - - 2006
This study was to assess the level of acceptance and efficacy of a group tele-exercise program designed for balance impaired elders to improve balance and reduce fear of falling. The program would allow a group of elderly subjects to participate in a structured, interactive, and supervised exercise class from their ...
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