Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 821
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Dunn Brandie - - 2008
Research on postural stability, motor control, and fall occurrence in seniors is common, but few studies address the influence of exercise and external dynamics on elderly balance. Using pre- and post-training tests, the effects of a Fitball exercise program on performance in eight subjects was documented. The exercise program focused ...
Yao Lan - - 2008
Exercise, particularly Tai Chi, has many known benefits, especially in reducing fall risk. However, exercise studies have tended to exclude older adults with dementia (OAD), who may be at high fall risk but have difficulty participating in formal exercise programs. This paper describes development and feasibility testing of a Tai ...
Gatts Strawberry - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The efficacy of Tai Chi (TC) to improve neuromuscular response characteristics underlying dynamic balance recovery in balance-impaired seniors at high risk for falling was examined during perturbed walking. METHODS: Twenty-two subjects were randomized into TC or control groups. Nineteen subjects (68-92 years, BERG 44 or less) completed ...
Chin A Paw Marijke J M - - 2008
This systematic review describes the effect of exercise training on physical performance in frail older people. Randomized controlled trials were identified from searches in PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL from January 1995 through August 2007. Two reviewers independently screened the trials for eligibility, rated their quality, and extracted data. Randomized controlled ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine if Tai Chi exercise is effective in improving aerobic capacity. METHODS: A computerized search of seven databases was conducted using the mesh term 'Tai Ji', published between January 1, 2000, and June 1, 2007, in order to update a previous meta-analysis examining the effect of Tai Chi ...
Harmer Peter A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Considerable research evidence has been accumulated since 1990 that practicing Tai Chi can ameliorate multiple characteristics in older adults that place them at increased risk of falling, including poor balance, loss of strength, limited flexibility, and fear of falling. However, relatively few studies have directly examined the influence of ...
Shigematsu Ryosuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Decreased fitness of the lower extremities is a potentially modifiable fall risk factor. This study aimed to compare two exercise programs--square-stepping exercise (SSE), which is a low-cost indoor program, and walking--for improving the fitness of the lower extremities. METHODS: We randomly allocated 68 community-dwelling older adults (age 65-74 years) ...
Wong Alice M K - - 2008
Balance function begins to decline from middle age on, and poor balance function increases the risk of fall and injury. Suitable exercise training may improve balance function and prevent accidental falls. The coordination of visual, proprioceptive, vestibular and musculoskeletal system is important to maintain balance. Balance function can be evaluated ...
Wallin Marjo - - 2008
There is little knowledge about the ways geriatric physiotherapy is being carried out in practice and about the situational construction of formal policies for promoting physical activity. This article examines how professional physiotherapists and frail community-dwelling older adults as their clients use talk and action to construct a group exercise ...
Moore-Harrison Trudy L - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the population in terms of risk for disability and compare the effects of a walking intervention and nutrition education intervention on risk modification and functional performance in lower socioeconomic older adults using a randomized controlled study. METHODS: Twenty-six community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and older were randomly ...
Klein Penelope J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (ALZ) represent later-life onset neurodegenerative disorders that gradually rob those afflicted of their quality of life. PURPOSE: This chapter offers practice-based recommendations on how instruction and practice of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) can be adapted for individuals with PD and those with ALZ. ...
Andel Ross - - 2008
BACKGROUND: With the number of people with dementia increasing, identifying potential protective factors has become more important. We explored the association between physical exercise at midlife and subsequent risk of dementia among members of the HARMONY study. METHODS: Measures of exercise were obtained by the Swedish Twin Registry an average ...
Cyarto Elizabeth V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise can modify fall risk factors such as balance and mobility impairments. However, can exercise improve balance confidence? In one strength-training study, researchers reported that a change in balance confidence was not uniformly associated with changes in objective measures of fall risk or physical performance. In fact, some participants' ...
Yokoya Tomohisa - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to clarify the fall risk characteristics of the elderly participating in an exercise class. The subjects were comprised of 206 elderly Japanese aged 60 or older (37 males, 169 females) who participated in an exercise class, approved by the local government, once a week ...
Wedge Frances - - 2008
PURPOSE: This case study documents the impact of a resistance-training program on a female patient with Multiple System Atrophy (MSA). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 68-year-old female with a 2-year history of MSA was referred to physical therapy with a history of falls, increasing loss of balance and rapidly progressing lower body ...
Arnold C M - - 2008
Despite the decreased gravitational loading that is experienced in an aquatic environment, little research has been conducted on this exercise medium for women with osteoporosis (OP). Aquatic exercise (AE) may improve function and balance, thus ultimately decreasing fall risk and the potential for hip fractures in this high-risk population. A ...
Arnold Catherine M - - 2008
To evaluate the influence of exercise on falls and fall risk reduction in community-dwelling older adults and to present an updated synthesis of outcome measures for the assessment of fall risk in community-dwelling older adults. A systematic review was performed, considering English-language articles published from 2000 to 2006 and accessible ...
Middleton Laura E - - 2008
On average, cognition declines with age but this average hides considerable variability, including the chance of improvement. Here, we investigate how exercise is associated with cognitive change and mortality in older people and, particularly, whether exercise might paradoxically increase the risk of dementia by allowing people to live longer. In ...
Chiang Kuan-Chun - - 2008
Enhance Fitness (EF) (formerly the Lifetime Fitness Program) is an evidence-based community exercise program for older adults. From 1998 to 2005, participation of ethnic older adults increased significantly. However, little research is available about what ethnic older adults want or need to continue participation in exercise programs. The purpose of ...
Hackney Madeleine E - - 2007
Recent research has shown that dance, specifically tango, may be an appropriate and effective strategy for ameliorating functional mobility deficits in people who are frail and elderly. Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience declines in functional mobility that may be even more pronounced than those experienced by frail elderly individuals ...
Sibley Benjamin A - - 2007
In the current work we asked whether executive function, as measured by tests of working memory capacity, might benefit from an acute bout of exercise and, more specifically, whether individuals who are lower or higher in working memory to begin with would be more or less affected by an exercise ...
Park, Sin-Ae
The objectives of this study were to determine exercise intensity of common gardening tasks in older adults and to investigate if older gardeners meet the physical activity (PA) recommendations (intensity and time) through their daily gardening. Kinds of gardening tasks, body postures, and bodily pain while gardening of older gardeners ...
Gurd B J - - 2008
The adaptation of pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2)(p)) kinetics is slowed in older compared with young adults during the transition to moderate-intensity exercise. In this study, we examined the relationship between Vo(2)(p) kinetics and mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity in young (n = 7) and older (n = 6) adults. Subjects ...
Takeshima Nobuo - - 2007
Various exercise modes are available to improve functional fitness (FF) in older adults. However, information on the comparative capability of different exercise modes to improve FF is insufficient. PURPOSE: To compare the effects of aerobic, resistance, flexibility, balance, and Tai Chi programs on FF in Japanese older adults. METHODS: FF ...
Peterson Matthew J - - 2007
This study sought to determine if telephone exercise counseling attenuates frailty in older, male veterans through increased levels of physical activity. Eighty-one elderly, male veterans (age = 78.4 +/- 4.9 years) randomized to intervention (n = 39) or combined control groups (n = 42) completed baseline and 6-month follow-up measures ...
Hirvensalo Mirja Hannele - - 2007
Prescribing the correct exercise program is a challenge for older adults with multiple physiological impairments. The authors evaluated an assessment instrument that incorporates results of multiple categories of impairment, including strength, balance, gait, vision, and cognitive function. The physical therapist made judgments on the relative impact of 9 different impairments ...
Scholz Urte - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examines the differential age effects on physical exercise of two planning interventions, action planning (when, where, how) and coping planning (anticipating barriers, mental simulation of success scenarios), and examines the mediating mechanisms of the interventions. METHODS: The study assigned the participants, 205 cardiac rehabilitation patients, to one ...
Hu Liang - - 2007
PURPOSE: Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) has been consistently used as a subjective index of exercise intensity for both exercise testing and prescription. Little empirical efforts have been made to determine how psychological factors influence changes in RPE. This study examined the influence of self-efficacy expectations on changes in RPE ...
Cherniack E Paul - - 2007
Frailty syndrome (FS) has become increasingly recognized as a major predictor of co-morbidities and mortality in older individuals. Interventions with the potential to benefit frail elders include nutritional supplementation (vitamins D, carotenoids, creatine, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate) and exercise modalities (tai chi and cobblestone walking). While these have not been ...
Roseguini Bruno T - - 2007
Ageing is associated with tonic elevations in basal sympathetic vasoconstrictor outflow to skeletal muscle and a parallel decline in vascular function. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that older individuals exhibit attenuated calf vascular resistance (CVR) responses to muscle metaboreflex activation in comparison with young subjects. ...
Pijnappels Mirjam - - 2008
To reduce the number of falls in old age, we need to understand the mechanisms underpinning a fall, who are at risk of falling, and what interventions can prevent such individuals from falling. This paper provides an overview of our recent research on tripping and muscle strength in the elderly, ...
Bean Jonathan F - - 2007
To examine attitudes toward exercise among a vulnerable aged population characterized by low socioeconomic status, poor functional status and lack of available therapeutic exercise resources. This cross-sectional survey among public low-income housing residents (n = 94), aged > 70 years utilizes these assessments: Physician-based Assessment & Counseling for Exercise (PACE) ...
De Barro P - - 2007
Bemisia tabaci biotype B is one of three genetic groups able to induce silverleafing in squash. Several earlier studies had observed that this physiological change was induced only through the feeding of juvenile whiteflies. This study uses adult males only to show that after 11 days the adult males were ...
Haines Terry P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and implementation of a falls prevention exercise programme for preventing falls in the subacute hospital setting. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial, subgroup analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Patients of a metropolitan subacute/aged rehabilitation hospital who were recommended for a falls prevention exercise programme when enrolled in a larger ...
Yang Yang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Taiji (T'ai Chi) has been shown to have generally positive effects on functional balance. However, few studies have investigated the mechanisms by which Taiji may improve balance. The goal of this study was to evaluate changes in sensory and biomechanical balance mechanisms as a consequence of a traditional Taiji ...
Beyer Nina - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Restricted physical activity as a consequence of chronic disease or injury is a predictor of functional decline. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a 6- month multidimensional training program would have sustained beneficial effects upon the physiological, functional and psychological condition of ...
Enoki Hiromi - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It remains controversial whether mid-arm anthropometric measurements (MAAMs) are reflected with physical impairment or useful predictors of mortality in the frail elderly. We examined the following hypotheses: (1) MAAMs in frail community-dwelling elderly are lower than those of independent elderly, (2) the lower MAAMs are associated with ...
Rosie Juliet - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of functional home exercise of repeated sit-to-stands with low-intensity progressive resistance training, on performance measures in mobility-limited adults over 80 years of age. SETTING: Participants' homes. DESIGN: Community-dwelling older adults > or =80 years of age were invited to participate in a randomised controlled clinical ...
Westlake Kelly P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Age-related changes in the ability to adjust to alterations in sensory information contribute to impaired postural stability. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of sensory-specific balance training on proprioceptive reintegration. SUBJECTS: The subjects of this study were 36 older participants who ...
Inokuchi Shigeru - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an exercise programme provided by public health nurses is effective in improving physical function and psychological status in elderly people, in reducing falls and risk factors for falls in elderly people, and whether the intervention is a feasible programme within the community. DESIGN: Controlled intervention trial. ...
Steffen Teresa M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) are slowly progressive tauopathies characterized by impaired balance, disturbances in gait, and frequent falls, among other features. Wheelchair dependence is an inevitable outcome in people with these disorders. Insufficient evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of exercise in the management ...
Van Guilder Gary P - - 2007
Increased endothelin-1-mediated vasoconstrictor tone has been linked to the etiology of a number of pathologies associated with human aging, including hypertension, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery disease. However, it is currently unclear whether aging, per se, is associated with enhanced endothelin-1 system activity. We hypothesized that endothelin-1 vasoconstrictor activity ...
Greenlees Iain - - 2007
This study examined whether information about an older person's exercise habits influences the impressions formed of them by others. British participants (N = 360) from three age categories (16-25 years old, 26-55 years old, and 56+ years old) were asked to read a description of a 65-year-old man or woman ...
Manini Todd - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of 10 weeks of resistance (RT), functional (FT), or functional plus resistance (FRT) training in older adults who modify tasks of everyday life and are at risk for subsequent disability. METHODS: Thirty-two older adults (75.8 +/- 6.7 years) were ...
Fahlman Mariane M - - 2007
The authors of this study examined the effects of a 16-week exercise program designed to increase aerobic capacity, muscular strength, and muscular endurance in older adults who reported and exhibited limited functional ability. Participants were randomly assigned to either an exercise (n=39) or a control (n=34) group. Dependent variables tested ...
Newson Rachel S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) identify factors that motivate or prevent older Australians from exercising; (b) determine how these factors differ as a function of age, gender, and exercise level; and (c) examine how they relate to intentions to exercise in the future. METHOD: In all, 217 older adults ...
Essick G K - - 2007
Nearly 100% of patients experience trauma to the trigeminal nerve during orthognathic surgery, impairing sensation and sensory function on the face. In a recent randomized clinical trial, people who performed sensory re-training exercises reported less difficulty related to residual numbness and decreased lip sensitivity than those who performed standard opening ...
Baker Michael K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various modalities of exercise have been demonstrated to improve physical function and quality of life in older adults. Current guidelines stress the importance of multi-modal exercise for this cohort, including strengthening exercises, cardiovascular, flexibility and balance training. There is a lack of evidence, however, that simultaneously prescribed doses and ...
Mitchell Meghan - - 2008
This study investigated the relationship between measures of executive functioning and both observed and self-reported functional ability. It was hypothesized that performance on a direct assessment of functional ability would have a stronger correlation with performance on measures of executive functioning than a self-report measure of functional ability. Results supported ...
Vieira Victoria J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the independent effect of parasympathetic tone (PST), assessed here according to heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise, on circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in 132 elderly participants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from an ongoing trial assessing the effects of exercise on immune function. SETTING: ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >