Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 821
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Brauer Sandra G - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults can improve several components of their balance such as timed stance ability by participating in a short specific exercise program. However, it is not clear whether participation in more frequent and intense training can result in improved reactive balance performance in older adults. Optimal reactive ...
Kaneda Koichi - - 2008
This study compared the effects of 2 types of water exercise programs on balance ability in the elderly. Thirty healthy elderly persons (60.7 +/- 4.1 yr) were randomly assigned to a deep-water-running exercise (DWRE, n = 15) group or a normal water exercise (NWE, n = 15) group. The participants ...
Thøgersen-Ntoumani Cecilie - - 2008
The main purpose of this study was to examine typologies of non-exercisers based on reasons for physical inactivity and conditions reported to be necessary to change exercise behaviour. These typologies were then compared on psychological variables of interest and exercise history. Questionnaires were distributed to Greek older adults aged 60 ...
van Nes Ilse J W - - 2008
Although early sitting balance is a well-known predictor of functional outcome after stroke, it is still unknown which aspects of normal upright sitting balance are most sensitive to subsequent recovery. This study used an adjustable chair mounted on a force platform to assess the recovery of quiet-sitting balance in 16 ...
Viguier Marion - - 2009
Twenty-four women divided into three groups: control, exercise and nutrition, have been involved in a -6 degrees head down bed rest (HDBR) experiment for 60 days. The objective was to analyse the effects of microgravity on balance function regulation. Group comparisons assessed the efficiency of countermeasures (specific exercises and in ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2009
Previous research suggests that water exercise improves the activities of daily living (ADL) ability of the frail elderly, but the specific frequency and intensity of such programs is unclear. This study aims at comparing the effects of once- and twice-weekly water exercise on the ADL ability of frail elderly receiving ...
Liu-Ambrose Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To primarily ascertain the effect of the Otago Exercise Program (OEP) on physiological falls risk, functional mobility, and executive functioning after 6 months in older adults with a recent history of falls and to ascertain the effect of the OEP on falls during a 1-year follow-up period. DESIGN: Randomized ...
Murphy Lori - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of 5-Form, Yang Style Tai Chi (TC) on balance confidence, balance performance, functional strength, mobility, and incidence of falls among individuals with or at risk for developing osteoporosis. This was a pilot outcomes study in which participants served as their own controls. Thirty-one independent, community-dwelling ...
Charles Susan Turk - - 2008
Older adults report less distress in response to interpersonal conflicts than do younger adults, yet few researchers have examined factors that may contribute to these age differences. Emotion regulation is partially determined by the initial cognitive and emotional reactions that events elicit. The authors examined reported thoughts and emotions of ...
Philipp Eva E R - - 2008
The decline of cellular and especially mitochondrial functions with age is, among other causes, held responsible for a decrease in physiological fitness and exercise capacity during lifetime. We investigated size- and age-related changes in the physiology of exercising specimens of the short lived swimming scallop Aequipecten opercularis (maximum life span ...
Lee Youngbum - - 2008
This research implements a wireless accelerometer sensor module and an algorithm to determine an individual's posture, activity, and fall. An analog wireless, two-axis accelerometer sensor module was used. Using a wireless radiofrequency module, the accelerometer signal is displayed on a PC-based "Acceloger" (e-Digitalmed, Seoul, Korea) viewer program. The activities of ...
Gunendi Zafer - - 2008
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of submaximal aerobic exercise program on postural balance in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Twenty-five postmenopausal women without osteoporosis and 28 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis enrolled in this study. Balance ability of all subjects was measured by timed up and go ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2008
Fortunately, the literature on exercise among patients on hemodialysis has grown too broad to be included in a single review. The focus of this review is on interventional studies, with an emphasis on those studies that included a control group. The good news is that there is ample evidence that ...
Stiggelbout Maarten - - 2008
This study reports entry correlates and motivations of older adults participating in organized exercise programs in the Netherlands, as determined in a descriptive explorative study (N = 2,350, response rate 86%). Participants were community-dwelling older adults (50+ years) who enrolled and started in 10 different exercise programs. Entry features were ...
Beck Anne Marie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that a multifaceted 11-wk intervention comprising nutrition, group exercise, and oral care would have a significant influence on nutrition and function in elderly (>or=65 y) nursing-home residents. METHODS: The study was an 11-wk randomized controlled intervention study with nutrition (chocolate and homemade oral supplements), group ...
Carvalho M J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several studies have been carried out in order to evaluate the potential influence of increased physical activity on the health, biological ageing and functional ability of the elderly. However, only limited information is available on the effects of multicomponent training and detraining on functional performance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of ...
Melzer Itshak - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stepping response may be considered the most important postural reaction to prevent a fall because it is the inability to respond effectively to a loss of balance that ultimately determines whether a fall occurs. However, very little has been studied on the effect of exercising on step execution behavior ...
Rees Sven S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of vibration exercise on postural steadiness performance in a healthy, older population. Forty-three healthy, older participants (23 men and 20 women, aged 73.5+/-4.5 yr) were randomly assigned to either a vibration group (VIB), an exercise without vibration group (EX) or ...
Weerdesteyn Vivian - - 2008
Fall prevention programs have rarely been evaluated by quantitative movement analysis methods. Quantitative movement analyses could provide insight into the mechanisms underlying the effects of training. A treadmill obstacle avoidance task under time pressure has recently been used to evaluate a fall prevention exercise program for community-dwelling elderly people and ...
Yokokawa Yoshiharu - - 2008
Some successful fall prevention programs include resistance or balance training, but less is known about the effects of low-intensity resistance exercise with moderate vascular occlusion (LIO) on physical function in healthy elderly people. In LIO, appropriate pressure is applied to the proximal parts of the upper and lower extremities with ...
Greaney Mary L - - 2008
PURPOSE: We examined the efficacy of an intervention tailored to the individual's stage of change for exercise adoption on exercise stage of change, physical activity, and physical function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: We randomized participants to a print and telephone intervention or a contact comparison group. Through ...
Perry Stephen D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Age-related loss of foot-sole cutaneous sensation is very common and is associated with impaired balance control. This study investigated the effect of a balance-enhancing insole (designed to facilitate foot-sole sensation) on lateral gait stability and evaluated its effectiveness in daily life. METHODS: Forty community-dwelling older adults (age 65-75) with ...
Heyn P C - - 2008
Dementia is a common syndrome in the geriatric population. Subsequent impairment of cognitive functioning impacts the patient's mobility, ADLs, and IADLs. It is suggested that older persons with lower levels of cognition are less likely to achieve independence in ADLs and ambulation (1-2). Frequently, nursing home residents are viewed as ...
Teri L L University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2008
Research evidence strongly suggests that increased physical exercise may not only improve physical function in older adults but may also improve mood and slow the progression of cognitive decline. This paper describes a series of evidence-based interventions grounded in social-learning and gerontological theory that were designed to increase physical activity ...
Black Mark A - - 2008
Ageing is associated with impaired endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) function in human microvessels. We investigated the impact of cardiorespiratory fitness and exercise training on physiological and pharmacological NO-mediated microvascular responses in older subjects. NO-mediated vasodilatation was examined in young, older sedentary and older fit subjects who had two microdialysis fibres ...
Fisher James P - - 2008
Although cerebral autoregulation (CA) appears well maintained during mild to moderate intensity dynamic exercise in young subjects, it is presently unclear how aging influences the regulation of cerebral blood flow during physical activity. Therefore, to address this question, middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCAV), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and the ...
Audelin Marie C - - 2008
Older patients have high rates of physical function impairment and disability following a cardiac event. Exercise training has been shown to favorably affect such limitations, as well as cardiovascular risk factors, symptoms, and mortality post coronary event in middle-aged patients. Aerobic capacity, body strength, quality of life, and physical function ...
Dunn Jennifer A - - 2008
Measurement of upper limb function in persons with tetraplegia poses significant issues for clinicians and researchers. It is crucial that measures detect the small but significant improvements in hand function that may or may not occur as a result of our interventions. Before determining how we measure changes from upper ...
Fukukawa Yasuyuki - - 2008
This study examined the moderating effects of social support in a fall prevention program for community-dwelling older adults. Twenty-six Japanese older adults age 65 and older participated in a 2-month exercise program and were measured in anthropometrical, physical, and psychological functioning at baseline, 2 months (intervention termination), and 5 months ...
Lee Myeong Soo - - 2008
The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of tai chi as a treatment option for Parkinson's disease (PD). We have searched the literature using 21 databases from their inceptions to January 2008, without language restrictions. We included all types of clinical studies regardless of their design. Their ...
Hackney Madeleine E - - 2008
This pilot study examines the effects of Tai Chi on balance, gait and mobility in people with Parkinson disease (PD). Thirty-three people with PD were randomly assigned to either a Tai Chi group or a control group. The Tai Chi group participated in 20 1-h long training sessions completed within ...
Mendelsohn Marissa E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists and rehabilitation professionals in hospital and long-term care centers are using all-extremity semirecumbent exercise machines in their treatment programs. This study was undertaken to investigate the concurrent validity of values for software-generated metabolic equivalents of task (MET) from an all-extremity semirecumbent exercise machine and directly ...
Opdenacker Joke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a lifestyle intervention and a structured exercise intervention on physical activity in older adults. METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned to a lifestyle intervention (n=60), including an individualized home-based program supported by phone calls, or to a structured intervention (n=60) consisting of three weekly supervised ...
Grant R W - - 2008
Based upon a prior cross-sectional study, we hypothesized that an aerobic exercise intervention in sedentary older adults would improve a primary T cell-dependent immune response. Participants were a subset of older subjects from a large, ongoing exercise intervention study who were randomly assigned to either an aerobic exercise (Cardio, n=30, ...
Sorrell Jeannette A - - 2008
There is increasing evidence of the importance of regular mental and physical exercise to maximize overall health and functioning in older adults. However, many individuals find that reduced strength or disabilities prevent them from participating in the kinds of exercise they enjoyed when they were younger. Music can provide the ...
Lindwall Magnus - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of light and strenuous exercise, and self-reported change in exercise status, with different components of cognitive function, and gender differences in this relation, in a large, representative sample included in the Swedish National study on Aging and Care (SNAC). Eight-hundred-and-thirteen ...
Togami T - - 2008
The altered Japanese lifestyle with inactivity and dietary fat increases, together with a rapidly ageing society, has led to obesity and chronic diseases, which present major challenges. Center of Health Promotion, International Life Sciences Institute Japan--ILSI Japan CHP--has therefore initiated Project PAN (Physical Activity and Nutrition) to develop and implement ...
Eyigor Sibel - - 2009
The present study has been carried out to investigate the effects of group-based Turkish folkloric dances on physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life (QoL) in 40 healthy adult elderly females over the age of 65 years. Subjects were randomly allocated into Group 1 (folkloric dance-based exercise) and Group ...
Caldwell Karen - - 2009
Methods of exercise such as Pilates and taiji quan, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on physical and mental characteristics, have been studied more often in samples of older participants. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a semester of either Pilates or taiji ...
Arai Takeshi - - 2009
The purposes of this study were to describe the change in balance functions of elderly people and to evaluate the relationship between physical conditions and changes in balance measurements after exercise intervention and 12-month follow-up. One hundred and fifty-one subjects aged 60 and older practised exercise intervention for 3 months. ...
Thøgersen-Ntoumani C - - 2009
This study examined the usefulness of an ecological model in predicting stages of change for physical activity in Greek older adults. Three hundred and eighteen Greek older adults (n=168 males; n=150 females) completed questionnaires measuring a range of personal, psycho-social and environmental characteristics. The ecological model consisted of personal (gender, ...
Adkin Allan L - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of postural threat on the cortical response associated with postural reactions to predictable and unpredictable perturbations to upright stance. Postural threat was manipulated by having individuals stand on an elevated surface to alter the context in which the postural task was performed. Ten healthy young ...
Timonen L - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze social welfare and healthcare costs and fall-related healthcare costs after a group-based exercise program. The 10-week exercise program, which started after discharge from the hospital, was designed to improve physical fitness, mood, and functional abilities in frail elderly women. Sixty-eight acutely hospitalized ...
Tarnopolsky Mark A - - 2008
Human aging is associated with a significant reduction in muscle mass (sarcopenia) resulting in muscle weakness and functional limitations in the elderly. Sarcopenia has been associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and the accumulation of mtDNA deletions. Resistance training increases muscle strength and size and can increase mitochondrial capacity and decrease oxidative ...
Rosendahl Erik - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Falls are particularly common among older people living in residential care facilities. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a high-intensity functional exercise program in reducing falls in residential care facilities. METHODS: Participants comprised 191 older people, 139 women and 52 ...
Deng Han Bing - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Valid measurements of self-reported physical activity are very limited in Chinese populations, especially the elderly. Therefore, we examined the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-C) in older Chinese people. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-four older adults (66.1% women, 33.9% men, mean age ...
Vernon Sue - - 2008
Falls prevention is an important part of national health policy and while there are many causes of falls, there is increasing evidence that advocates the use of targeted balance and stability exercise training to address the risk factor of postural instability. The introduction of these exercise programmes in primary care ...
Shigematsu Ryosuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Feasible and lowcost exercise programmes targeting fall risk factors may decrease the risk of falling in older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of square-stepping exercise (SSE) training, which is a new and low-cost method designed to improve lower-extremity functional fitness, with ...
Cox, Janet Gray
ABSTRACT Promoting physical activity is consistent with many models and perspectives on social work, such as the empowerment perspective, self-efficacy theory, resilience, the strengths perspective, good health, hardiness, and self-determination, yet it has received little attention in social work literature as an effective intervention. Among older adults, exercise has been ...
van Stralen Karlijn J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study whether exercise is associated with the risk of venous thrombosis in elderly people. DESIGN: Observational study with a median follow-up of 11.6 years. SETTING: The Cardiovascular Health Study in four U.S. communities. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 65 and older without prior venous thrombosis (deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary ...
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