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Kuo Yi-Liang - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, repeated-measures study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine changes in sagittal spinal posture in older adults during standing and sitting after a Pilates-based exercise program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pilates exercise is purported to improve posture, however, few peer-reviewed articles are available to provide ...
Morioka Shu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sensory perception exercises for discrimination of surface hardness by the soles of the feet on standing postural balance in the elderly. DESIGN: A randomized two-group parallel controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four healthy people aged from 61 to 71 years were enrolled and randomly assigned to ...
Bugg Julie M - - 2011
Regional deterioration of brain structure is a typical feature of aging, but emerging evidence suggests that exercise may mitigate the decline. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the moderating influence of exercise engagement on cross-sectional estimates of age-related brain atrophy at both global and regional levels. Estimates ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2009
Prehypertension is associated with increased risk for mortality, a fact that generated a debate regarding the use of antihypertensive therapy in prehypertensives. Increased exercise capacity is associated with lower mortality risk, but little is known about its effects in prehypertensives. Thus, we evaluated the association between exercise capacity and all-cause ...
Maejima Hiroshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reflecting the rapidly aging population, community-based interventions in the form of physical exercise have been introduced to promote the health of elderly persons and prevent falls. Postural response is the critical neural response for preventing falls. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of long-term daily ...
Kamijo Keita - - 2009
The present study investigated the effects of acute aerobic exercise on cognitive brain functions of older adults. Twenty-four males (12 older and 12 younger adults) performed a modified flanker task during a baseline session (no exercise) and after light and moderate cycling exercise in counterbalanced order on different days while ...
Han Kyungmo - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with pretraining, posttraining, and follow-up repeated measures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a 4-week elastic resistance exercise program on balance in subjects with and without a history of sprained ankles. BACKGROUND: Several researchers have suggested that improving balance may help alleviate the symptoms of ...
Deschamps Arnaud - - 2009
No previous studies have explored the effects of mind-body approaches on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the frail elderly. Cognition and action are an inseparable whole during functioning. Thus, a new intervention-based approach using familiarity-based movements and a nonjudgmental approach of "cognition-action" was proposed and was tested with Tai ...
Netz Yael - - 2009
A recent study indicated that acute aerobic exercise improves cognitive flexibility in adults. The current study assessed age, habitual physical activity, and physical fitness as moderators of this improvement and examined whether the gains still exist an hour after the exercise session. The alternative-uses test, assessing cognitive flexibility, was administered ...
Vandervoort Anthony A - - 2009
Demographic trends project increasing numbers of older people to engage in exercise programs and sports. Sustained participation depends on both perceived health outcomes and avoidance of debilitating injuries. This review explores the potential benefits of physiologically based warm-up strategies to alleviate some key age-related decreases in the biomechanical capacity for ...
Nalbant Ozgür - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aerobic endurance exercise enhances antioxidant defenses and improves the physical performance of older adults. However, the combined effect on physical performance of exercise and an antioxidant such as vitamin E has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of six months ...
El Ansari Walid - - 2009
A survey of 100 women in the south of London, United Kingdom (UK) compared exercise barrier intensities between non-exercising younger (20-27 years) and older (28-35 years) adult women; and examined childcare duties as perceived barriers to exercise. Perceived barriers to exercise were examined using an Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale (EBBS) comprising ...
Cecchi Francesca F Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, V. Caccini 18, 50141 Florence, Italy. - - 2009
Physical activity in older adults improves fitness, but few studies have examined the short- and long-term effects on physical performance. This analysis is preliminary to a RCT investigating physical activity effects on performance over time in older persons with musculoskeletal impairment. Fifty sedentary participants, aged 65+, with musculoskeletal impairment and ...
Deley Gaelle - - 2009
Maintained cardiac vagal function is critical to cardiovascular health in human aging. Aerobic exercise training has been considered an attractive intervention to increase cardiovagal baroreflex function; however, the data are equivocal. Moreover, if regular exercise does reverse the age-related decline in cardiovagal baroreflex function, it is unknown how this might ...
Hackney Madeleine E - - 2009
Parkinson disease (PD) reduces health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but exercise may improve HRQoL. This pilot study compared the effects of Tango, Waltz/Foxtrot, Tai Chi and No Intervention on HRQoL in individuals with PD. Seventy-five persons with PD (Hoehn and Yahr I-III) were assigned to 20 lessons of Tango, Waltz/Foxtrot, ...
Brown Marybeth - - 2009
Physical frailty is increasing among older adults; half of all those over 85 years are unable to independently accomplish activities of daily living. Gait speed is often compromised which results in diminished functional community independence. This article defines frailty and identifies the risk factors for frailty, as most are modifiable ...
Yokoya Tomohisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study targeted the elderly participating in community exercise classes implemented by the local government, and followed their fall risk and physical function characteristics for three years. This study aimed to compare these changes between low and high fall risk individuals. METHODS: The participants consisted of 34 male and ...
Williamson Jeff D JD Roena Kulynych Center for Memory and Cognition Research, Department of Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27151, USA. - - 2009
Cognitive impairment is an important contributor to disability. Limited clinical trial evidence exists regarding the impact of physical exercise on cognitive function (CF). We report results of a pilot study to provide estimates of the relative impact of physical activity (PA) on 1-year changes in cognitive outcomes and to characterize ...
Blake H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a brief Tai Chi Chuan Qigong ('Qigong') exercise intervention on individuals with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: A single-centre randomized controlled trial pilot study. SETTING: A registered charity day centre in the community. SUBJECTS: Twenty individuals with traumatic brain injury. INTERVENTION: Intervention participants attended a ...
Sturnieks Daina L - - 2010
Participation in appropriate exercise can help reduce the risk of falls and falls injury in older people. Delivery of population-level exercise interventions requires an expert workforce with skills in development and delivery of group exercise programs and prescription of individually targeted exercise. This study assessed the current knowledge of university ...
Hill Keith D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomised trial evidence of outcomes in people with dementia. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether a ...
Lam Linda C W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We reported the association between modality of Physical Exercise and cognitive function in 782 older Chinese adults assessed in the second phase of a population survey for dementia in Hong Kong. METHODS: Profiles of physical exercise was measured by a questionnaire (no exercise, stretching, aerobic and mind-body exercise). Cognitive ...
Tanaka Hirofumi - - 2009
Available research indicates that participation in a regular exercise program is an effective intervention to reduce and prevent a number of functional and health-associated impairments known to occur with advancing age. Functional benefits of regular exercise include increases in cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and functional capacity, allowing older individuals to ...
Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2009
Shear stress is considered an important stimulus for vascular adaptations with exercise training, yet the shear rate response to exercise has not been carefully examined in women or in healthy older adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if age or sex differences are present in common ...
Strijk Jorien E - - 2009
A major contributor of early exit from work is a decline in health with increasing age. As healthy lifestyle choices contribute to better health outcomes, an intervention aimed at an improved lifestyle is considered a potentially effective tool to keep older workers healthy and vital, and thereby to prolong labour ...
Aldred Sarah - - 2009
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEAS) are hormones produced by the adrenal cortex that decline in concentration with age. Decreased DHEA levels are associated with age-related disease and oxidative stress but might be increased in younger adults by exercise. Studies are presented assessing the response of DHEA and DHEAS to ...
Vaz Garcia Fernando - - 2009
Dizziness, a frequent occurrence in the elderly, carries substantial health and quality-of-life consequences for patients. Disequilibrium of the elderly refers to dizziness or ataxia (or both) without apparent localizing signs and is typically attributed to the aging process.In many cases, disequilibrium is multifactorial and worsened or triggered by multiple medications ...
Johri M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a moral reasoning exercise can improve response quality to surveys of healthcare priorities METHODS: A randomised internet survey focussing on patient age in healthcare allocation was repeated twice. From 2574 internet panel members from the USA and Canada, 2020 (79%) completed the baseline survey and 1247 ...
Hartmann Antonia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aged-related loss of ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) and toe plantarflexor strength play an important role in gait performance. Further, conventional strength, balance and gait training can significantly improve the lower extremity muscle power and functional abilities of older individuals. It remains unclear, however, whether training effects can ...
Ekwall Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is a very common complaint. The frequency of dizziness increases with age. It affects quality of life negatively for older persons in several ways. OBJECTIVES: This study intended to investigate which variables (physical activity, loneliness, health complaints, need of help for daily living and falls) differed between those ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare two-year effects of once-weekly and twice-weekly water exercise programmes at a day-service facility on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of frail elderly people. METHOD: This single blind, prospective, longitudinal randomized pilot study separated 22 community-dwelling frail elderly people into once-weekly ...
Yan Tingjian - - 2009
The Healthy Moves for Aging Well program piloted a home-based, low-intensity strength exercise program that targeted a nursing home certifiable, ethnically diverse sample of community-residing adults aged 65 and older. This study examined the effectiveness of the Healthy Moves program in reducing participants' number of falls, fear of falling, depression, ...
Brenner Ingrid - - 2009
The frail elderly often exhibit a lack of physical activity that is associated with a decline in physical functioning and an inability to carry out activities of daily living. This can result in a greater demand on nursing care. Little is known about the minimal amount of exercise required to ...
Onigbinde Ayodele Teslim - - 2009
Balance is a complex motor skill and it is frequently disturbed among stroke survivors. Rehabilitation experts are still facing challenges in achieving good stability. The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of a wobble board exercise program on static and dynamic balance of hemiplegic subjects. Seventeen ...
Schneider Joanne Kraenzle - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to refine an instrument to measure interpretations of exercise, the Episode-Specific Interpretations of Exercise Inventory (ESIE), and further examine its validity. This study was a secondary data analysis using community-dwelling older adults from two larger clinical trials. Fit indices from confirmatory factory analyses were ...
Kamijo Takashi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle-related diseases among middle-age and elderly people have become serious problems. Underlying causes might be related to the changes in the lifestyle including the absence of regular physical exercise. METHODS: To clarify the significance of regular physical exercise to prevent lifestyle-related diseases, we studied motor functions and blood chemistry ...
Kishimoto M - - 2009
An effective way for preventing injuries and diseases among the elderly is to monitor their daily lives. In this regard, we propose the use of a "Hyper Hospital Network", which is an information support system for elderly people and patients. In the current study, we developed a wearable system for ...
Brach Michael - - 2009
There is scientific evidence that preventive physical exercise is effective even in high age. In contrast, there are few opportunities of preventive exercise for highly aged people endangered by or actually in need of care. For example, they would not be able to easily go to training facilities; standard exercises ...
Sherrington Catherine - - 2009
Disability and falls are particularly common among older people who have recently been hospitalised. There is evidence that disability severity and fall rates can be reduced by well-designed exercise interventions. However, the potential for exercise to have these benefits in older people who have spent time in hospital has not ...
Canning Colleen G - - 2009
People with Parkinson's disease are twice as likely to be recurrent fallers compared to other older people. As these falls have devastating consequences, there is an urgent need to identify and test innovative interventions with the potential to reduce falls in people with Parkinson's disease. The main objective of this ...
Hinrichs Timo - - 2009
Physical activity programmes can help to prevent functional decline in the elderly. Until now, such programmes use to target either on healthy community-dwelling seniors or on elderly living in special residences or care institutions. Sedentary or frail people, however, are difficult to reach when they live in their own homes. ...
Piazza Nicole - - 2009
Declining mobility is a major concern, as well as a major source of health care costs, among the elderly population. Lack of mobility is a primary cause of entry into managed care facilities, and a contributing factor to the frequency of damaging falls. Exercise-based therapies have shown great promise in ...
Sherrington Catherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials that compared fall rates in older people who undertook exercise programs ...
Gu Mee Ock - - 2008
A meta-analysis was conducted to quantify the impact of exercise interventions on the functional status of older adults. Searches of Medline and CINAHL databases revealed 19 randomized controlled trials reporting 30 interventions (n = 2,201). Fixed- and random-effects models were used to estimate overall mean effect sizes (ESs) for functional ...
Horne Maria M Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, UK. - - 2009
strategies to prevent falls often recommend regular exercise. However, 40% of over 50s in the UK report less physical activity than is recommended. Even higher rates of sedentary behaviour have been reported among South Asian older adults. to identify salient beliefs that influence uptake and adherence to exercise for fall ...
Iwamoto J - - 2009
SUMMARY: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of 5-month exercise program on the prevention of falls in the elderly. The exercise training, which consisted of calisthenics, body balance training, muscle power training, and walking ability training 3 days/week improved the indices of the flexibility, body balance, muscle ...
Tanaka Kátia - - 2009
The benefits of physical exercise on cognitive functioning have been reported in the literature, but the potential benefits to slow the eventual decline in executive functioning (EF) caused by neurodegeneration from Parkinson's Disease (PD) have rarely been studied. Thus the objective of this study was to analyze the effects of ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of exercise training on muscle strength and tendon function in healthy older adults and in those older athletes who have had total joint replacement (TJR). Recommendations for exercise prescription are addressed in these populations. DATA SOURCES: PubMed was searched for articles published during the past ...
Lee Ling-Ling - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Population ageing affects most undeveloped, developing and developed countries. Less than a quarter of older people undertake a level of physical activity worldwide that is sufficient to lead to health benefits. Understanding older people's confidence regarding engaging in exercise helps to structure physical activity interventions that motivate them to ...
Brown A K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a general group-based exercise programme on cognitive performance and mood among seniors without dementia living in retirement villages. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Four intermediate care and four self-care retirement village sites in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 154 seniors (19 men, 135 women; age range ...
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