Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 821
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Williams Susan B - - 2010
Williams SB, Brand CA, Hill KD, Hunt SB, Moran H. Feasibility and outcomes of a home-based exercise program on improving balance and gait stability in women with lower-limb osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and gait stability and balance outcomes of a 4-month individualized ...
Abu-Faraj Ziad O - - 2010
Fall-related injuries, disabilities, and fatalities are known to seriously affect the healthcare and industry sectors. Nevertheless, an abled individual, as well as a trained senior citizen, is believed to be capable of withstanding and overcoming unusual environmental variations in terms of postural stability and balance. Understanding the biomechanics of fall ...
Harada Nancy D - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop a system for and determine the feasibility of monitoring home exercise for physically inactive older adults using a Health Buddy (HB) text messaging device (Robert Bosch Healthcare; Palo Alto, California). Questions and messages related to exercise adherence are displayed on the HB ...
Barella Lisa A - - 2010
Research on the acute effects of exercise on cognitive performance by older adults is limited by a focus on nonhealthy populations. Furthermore, the duration of cognitive improvements after exercise has not been examined. Thus, this study was designed to test the immediate and delayed effects of acute exercise on cognitive ...
Paterson Donald H - - 2010
The purpose was to conduct systematic reviews of the relationship between physical activity of healthy community-dwelling older (>65 years) adults and outcomes of functional limitations, disability, or loss of independence. Prospective cohort studies with an outcome related to functional independence or to cognitive function were searched, as well as exercise ...
Williams Marie A - - 2010
Falls management programmes have been instituted to attempt to reduce falls. This pilot study was undertaken to determine whether the Nintendo® WiiFit was a feasible and acceptable intervention in community-dwelling older fallers. Community-dwelling fallers over 70 years were recruited and attended for computer-based exercises (n = 15) or standard care ...
Maciaszek Janusz - - 2010
We performed a systematic review of studies regarding the effects of Tai Chi on the body balance of people older than 60 years. The Medline, SPORTDiscus and Academic Search Complete databases were searched for relevant studies published after the year 2000. Original randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled studies and observational ...
Länsimies-Antikainen Helena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is a permanent need to evaluate and develop the ethical quality of scientific research and to widen knowledge about the effects of ethical issues. Therefore we evaluated whether informed consent is related to implementation and success in a lifestyle intervention study with older research participants. There is little ...
Hartmann Antonia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aged-related loss of afferent feedback of the feet plays an important role in gait performance. Although strength, balance and gait training can significantly improve the muscle power and functional abilities of older individuals, it remains unclear whether training effects can be enhanced by augmenting afferent feedback from the feet ...
Takai Itsushi - - 2010
Recent research suggests that the fear of falling may be a more serious problem than actual falling among frail elderly people. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not it is possible to influence the fear of falling among frail elderly people who previously had fallen, by ...
Blankevoort Christiaan G - - 2010
Background/Aims: Elderly individuals with dementia are vulnerable for a decline in physical functioning and basic activities of daily living (BADL) which can lead to a decline in autonomy and participation. This study reviews the effect of physical activity on physical functioning and BADL in elderly subjects with dementia. Methods: A ...
Li Li - - 2010
This study examined the effects of a 24-week Tai Chi intervention on physical function in individuals with peripheral neuropathy. Twenty-five women and men with peripheral neuropathy were recruited. Plantar pressure detection threshold was assessed with a 5.07 gauge monofilament. Functional gait was assessed by the 6-min walk and timed up-and-go ...
Ullmann Gerhild - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries are a major public health concern, a financial challenge for health care providers, and critical issues for older adults. Poor balance and limited mobility are major risk factors for falls. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of Feldenkrais exercises in improving ...
Uhlig Till - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory and systemic disease which affects the musculoskeletal system. Exercise programmes are reported to improve physical functioning in patients with RA. Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese martial art which combines slow and gentle movements with mental focus. The purpose of this study ...
Iliffe Steve - - 2010
Regular physical activity reduces the risk of mortality from all causes, with a powerful beneficial effect on risk of falls and hip fractures. However, physical activity levels are low in the older population and previous studies have demonstrated only modest, short-term improvements in activity levels with intervention. Pragmatic 3 arm ...
Mailey Emily L - - 2010
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with a decreased risk of all-cause mortality but is rarely assessed in medical settings due to burdens of time, cost, risk, and resources. The purpose of this study was to test the construct validity of a regression equation developed by Jurca and colleagues (2005) to ...
Liu-Ambrose Teresa - - 2010
Sub-cortical vascular ischaemia is the second most common etiology contributing to cognitive impairment in older adults, and is frequently under-diagnosed and under-treated. Although evidence is mounting that exercise has benefits for cognitive function among seniors, very few randomized controlled trials of exercise have been conducted in populations at high-risk for ...
Burdette Jonathan H - - 2010
Literature has shown that exercise is beneficial for cognitive function in older adults and that aerobic fitness is associated with increased hippocampal tissue and blood volumes. The current study used novel network science methods to shed light on the neurophysiological implications of exercise-induced changes in the hippocampus of older adults. ...
Anderson Brenda J - - 2010
To identify interventions for brain aging, we must first identify the processes in which we hope to intervene. Brain aging is a period of decreasing functional capacity and increasing vulnerability, which reflect a reduction in morphological organization and perhaps degeneration. Since life is ultimately dependent upon the ability to maintain ...
Dolansky Mary A - - 2010
The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether age affects women's and men's exercise adherence after a cardiac event. In a convenience sample of 248 adults ages 38 to 86 who had a cardiac event, exercise adherence (three exercise sessions per week) was compared between men and women ...
Goston Janaina Lavalli - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess supplement intake in people who exercise regularly in gyms in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and discuss the influencing factors on its ingestion. METHODS: A total of 1102 enrolled subjects who exercised in 50 gyms throughout the city were part of this cross-sectional study. Men and ...
Battaglia Giuseppe - - 2010
The foot provides the only direct contact with supporting surfaces and therefore plays an important role in all postural tasks. Changes in the musculoskeletal and neurological characteristics of the foot with advancing age can alter plantar loading patterns and postural balance. Several studies have reported that exercise training improves postural ...
Gobbi Lilian T B - - 2009
Compromised balance and loss of mobility are among the major consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD). The literature documents numerous effective interventions for improving balance and mobility. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of two exercise programs on balance and mobility in people with idiopathic PD. Thirty-four ...
Holmerová Iva - - 2010
The authors conducted a randomized control trial to examine the effect of the Exercise Dance for Seniors (EXDASE) program on lower-body functioning among older individuals from residential care facilities in the Czech Republic. Participants were randomly assigned into an experimental or control group. The experimental group completed a 3-month EXDASE ...
Cakar E - - 2009
AIM: The objective of this study was to determine whether regular combined exercise program, which consists strength, stretching and aerobic exercises and additional jumping training, improve balance, fall risk, quality of life and depression status of older people living in a residential care. METHODS: A total of 168 residents who ...
Bottaro M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two different rest intervals between sets of isokinetic knee extension exercise on peak torque (PT), and Total Work (TW) between untrained younger and older men. Seventeen young men (24.22+/-2.58 yrs) and 20 older men (66.85+/-4.02 yrs) performed 3 sets ...
Fulton Ian - - 2009
Novel, short-lived upper limb tasks performed by young adults have been used to investigate the role of transversus abdominis (TrA) in maintaining postural stability. Little information exists concerning the behaviour of TrA in older adults during protracted postural challenges. The primary aim of this study was to describe the change ...
Johnson Robert J - - 2009
There are many commonly discussed myths about ski safety that are propagated by industry, physicians, and skiers. Through a review of the literature concerning 12 such topics, this article demonstrates that the following are untrue: (1) Broken legs have been traded for blown-out knees. (2) If you know your DIN ...
Brubaker Peter H - - 2009
To test the hypothesis that exercise training (ET) improves exercise capacity and other clinical outcomes in older persons with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HfrEF). Randomized, controlled, single-blind trial. Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Fifty-nine patients aged 60 and older with HFrEF recruited from hospital records and referring physicians were ...
Frith James J UK NIHR Biomedical Research Centre in Ageing-Liver Theme, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, - - 2010
The management of non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD) concerns lifestyle modification and exercise; however, adherence is poor. Factors such as lack of confidence to exercise, poor understanding of the benefits of exercise, and a fear of falling all influence engagement in physical activity. To increase exercise in NAFLD it is important ...
Weiss Carlos O CO Division of Geriatric Medicine & Gerontology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2010
A decline in exercise capacity (EC) is a characteristic of frailty. We hypothesized that decline is the effect of decrements in several physiological systems. We assessed whether the relationship of three main physiological systems-cardiac, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal-to EC is independent or interactive and whether their effect on EC varies with ...
Hill K - - 2010
Adults with haemophilia and other bleeding disorders often develop lower limb musculoskeletal problems associated with bleeds into joints and muscles, which may affect balance performance and increase likelihood of falling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an individualized balance and strength home exercise programme on ...
Keogh Justin W L - - 2009
Dancing is a mode of physical activity that may allow older adults to improve their physical function, health, and well-being. However, no reviews on the physical benefits of dancing for healthy older adults have been published in the scientific literature. Using relevant databases and keywords, 15 training and 3 cross-sectional ...
Hardy Suzanne - - 2009
In this qualitative study focus groups were used to gain an in-depth understanding of personal and social influences on physical activity in 48 52-87-year-old participants. A model produced using a Grounded Theory analysis showed that preventing health decline was particularly important in determining physical activity participation. Other influences included enjoyment ...
Bird Marie-Louise - - 2009
This research explored the balance benefits to untrained older adults of participating in community-based resistance and flexibility programs. In a blinded randomized crossover trial, 32 older adults (M = 66.9 yr) participated in a resistance-exercise program and a flexibility-exercise program for 16 weeks each. Sway velocity and mediolateral sway range ...
Kim Jeong-Su - - 2010
Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength, is a fundamental cause of frailty, functional decline and disability. In the year 2000, $18.5 billion in health care costs were directly attributable to sarcopenia. This economic burden will increase dramatically as the elderly population grows over the next decade. The ...
Tsai Pao-Feng - - 2009
Exercise is an adjunct intervention for treating osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain, but many older adults, especially those with cognitive impairment, refuse to participate because of their frailty. Tai chi is a gentle alternative to Western-style aerobic exercise. In this article, we report recruitment experiences based on older adults' comments and ...
Mercer Vicki Stemmons - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Step-up exercises often are suggested for strengthening the hip abductor muscles and improving balance in older adults. Little is known, however, about whether the forward or lateral version of these exercises is best for activating the hip abductor muscles. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Sung Kiwol - - 2009
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 16-week group exercise program on the physical function (ie, strength, flexibility, and balance) and mental health (ie, self-esteem and depression) of older elderlyl women (>or=75 years old) compared with younger elderly women (<75 years old). BACKGROUND: Exercise is ...
Haines Terry P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Falls, loss of health-related quality of life and physical capacity, reduced participation in activities of daily living, and increased fear of falling are all potential outcomes for older adults discharged from hospital. A low-cost video based exercise programme may address this. DESIGN: This study was a randomized controlled trial ...
Kraemer Jennifer M - - 2009
Few researchers have compared psychological correlates and outcomes of yoga with more traditional forms of exercise. The authors' primary aim was to compare changes in the psychosocial outcomes of mood and state anxiety produced by an acute bout of yoga or walking among older adults. The secondary aim was to ...
Petridou Eleni Th - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare and quantify the effectiveness of multifactorial versus exercise-alone interventions in reducing recurrent falls among community-dwelling older people. METHOD: A meta-analysis of recently published studies on fall prevention interventions was conducted. Measure of the overall effectiveness was the combined risk ratio for recurrent falls, whereas heterogeneity was explored ...
Egerton Thorlene - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if standing balance was affected by moderate levels of physical activity in healthy young, healthy older and balance-impaired older adults. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy young, 33 healthy older and 22 balance-impaired older adults took part. Centre of pressure (COP) motion was measured before and immediately after participants undertook ...
Dionigi Rylee A - - 2009
Using Sonstroem, Harlow, and Josephs' (1994) expanded version of the Exercise and Self-Esteem Model (EXSEM; Sonstroem & Morgan, 1989), we explored how 9 older adults (6 women and 3 men, aged 65-72 years) involved in a resistance training program experienced and perceived changes in physical self-worth (i.e., improved strength, functional ...
Wikstrom Erik A - - 2009
Despite the high incidence of lateral ankle sprains, the issue about whether postural control is impaired after acute or chronic injury is still unresolved. In addition, the literature is unclear if balance training, a commonly prescribed intervention, improves postural control after a history of lateral ankle trauma. PURPOSE: To conduct ...
Maejima Hiroshi - - 2009
It is widely accepted that daily exercise improves the dynamic standing balance of elderly persons. In the current study, 77 community-dwelling Japanese elderly persons (aged 71.1 +/- 0.5 years) participated in a daily exercise program to assess its effect on their dynamic standing balance. The daily exercise consisted of walking, ...
Hartmann Antonia - - 2009
Background. Aged-related loss of ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) and toe plantarflexor strength play an important role in gait performance. Further, conventional strength, balance and gait training can significantly improve the lower extremity muscle power and functional abilities of older individuals. It remains unclear, however, whether training effects can ...
Bergert F W - - 2009
Physiological changes in old age: loss of muscle mass; reduction in bone mass; percentage of fat increased; lower amount of body water; lack of thirst; diminishing kidney function (caution: sufficient intake of fluids: 1.5-2 l and moderate intake of protein 8 g/kg body weight); reduced secretion of digestive enzymes, delayed ...
Córdova C - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of acute exercise performed at different intensities in relation to the anaerobic threshold (AT) on abilities requiring control of executive functions or alertness in physically active elderly females. Forty-eight physically active elderly females (63.8 +/- 4.6 years old) were ...
Kuo Yi-Liang - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, repeated-measures study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine changes in sagittal spinal posture in older adults during standing and sitting after a Pilates-based exercise program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pilates exercise is purported to improve posture, however, few peer-reviewed articles are available to provide ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >