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Results 51 - 100 of 822
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Salem Yasser - - 2011
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of providing a community-based aquatic exercise programme and to examine the effects of a group aquatic exercise programme in individuals with multiple sclerosis. This study illustrates the implementation of a multidisciplinary community-based programme in a university community wellness centre coordinated ...
Chyu Ming-Chien MC Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University and Department of Pathology, Texas, - - 2010
to evaluate the effects of tai chi exercise on risk factors for falls in postmenopausal women with osteopaenia through measurements of balance, gait, physical function and quality of life. a randomized, controlled, single-blinded, 24-week trial with stratification by age and bone mass. general community. Sixty-one independently living elderly females aged ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological findings, based largely on middle-aged populations, support an inverse and independent association between exercise capacity and mortality risk. The information available in older individuals is limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1986 and 2008, we assessed the association between exercise capacity and all-cause mortality in 5314 male veterans aged ...
Hsu H-C - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of swimming on upper extremity motor control, and balance in elderly population. Cross-sectional study. The biomechanical laboratory in a tertiary hospital. The swimming group consisted of 20 swimmers (n_20, 65.4 ± 5.5 years) who received regular swimming exercise for more than 2 years. The control group ...
Windle Gill - - 2010
Promoting the mental well-being of older people has been neglected. To examine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of exercise and physical activity interventions on mental well-being in people aged 65+. Systematic review, meta-analysis, economic model. Reports published in English, identified by searching 25 databases, 11 websites and references lists of systematic ...
de Bruin E D - - 2010
Virtual augmented exercise, an emerging technology that can help to promote physical activity and combine the strengths of indoor and outdoor exercise, has recently been proposed as having the potential to increase exercise behavior in older adults. By creating a strong presence in a virtual, interactive environment, distraction can be ...
Allen Natalie E - - 2010
This randomized controlled trial with blinded assessment aimed to determine the effect of a 6-month minimally supervised exercise program on fall risk factors in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Forty-eight participants with PD who had fallen or were at risk of falling were randomized into exercise or control groups. The ...
Esnouf J E - - 2010
Dropped foot is a common problem following multiple sclerosis. Functional electrical stimulation can elicit an active muscle contraction providing dorsiflexion and eversion. To determine if the Odstock dropped foot stimulator (ODFS), improved activities of daily living for people with multiple sclerosis. 64 people with unilateral dropped foot due to secondary ...
Arnold Cathy M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aquatic exercise and education on fall risk factors in older adults with hip osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: Seventy-nine adults, 65 years of age or older with hip OA and at least 1 fall risk factor, were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: aquatics and ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of Tai Chi (TC, n = 37) and Western exercise (WE, n = 39) with an attention-control group (C, n = 56) on physical and cognitive functioning in healthy adults age 69 +/- 5.8 yr, in a 2-phase randomized trial. METHODS: TC and WE involved ...
Conradsson Mia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a high-intensity functional exercise programme on depressive symptoms and psychological well-being among older people dependent in activities of daily living (ADL) and living in residential care facilities. METHOD: Cluster-randomized controlled study. Participants were 191 older people, aged 65-100, dependent in ADL and with Mini ...
Webber Sandra C - - 2010
PURPOSE: Reduced abilities to generate power put older adults at risk in situations that demand rapid movements. Slower movement times are associated with greater risk of falling and of being involved in a motor vehicle crash. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of power training on ...
Carvalho Raquel - - 2010
Exercise seems to attenuate the postural control system and anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) decline, but no conclusive findings are available. This study analyzes, in elderly people, the exercise effect in APAs during the raising of a load with both arms in the sagittal plane. Twenty eight males over the age ...
Van Roie Evelien - - 2010
Two groups of sedentary older adults, participating in either a lifestyle physical activity intervention (LIFE, n = 60) or a structured exercise intervention (STRU, n = 60), were compared with a control group (CO, n = 66) in terms of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk factors. Participants in LIFE were ...
Field Tiffany - - 2010
To determine the immediate effects of a combined form of Tai chi/yoga. 38 adults participated in a 20-min Tai chi/yoga class. The session was comprised of standing Tai chi movements, balancing poses and a short Tai chi form and 10 min of standing, sitting and lying down yoga poses. The ...
Murrell Carissa J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the combined cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular responses to head-up tilt (HUT) in young and older trained and untrained humans following moderate-duration exercise. Middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (MCAv; transcranial Doppler ultrasound), blood pressure (BP; Finometer), and stroke volume (SV) were measured continuously ...
Schneiders A G - - 2012
This study determined the effect of exercise on measures of static and dynamic balance used in the assessment of sports-related concussion (SRC). A balanced three-group cross-over randomized design was used with three levels of exercise verified by blood-lactate, heart rate and "perceived-exertion": no exercise/rest (NE), moderate-intensity exercise (ME), and high-intensity ...
Hoogeboom Thomas J - - 2010
To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of therapeutic exercise before total hip replacement in frail elderly. A single-blind, randomized clinical pilot trial. Outpatient physiotherapy department. Frail elderly with hip osteoarthritis awaiting total hip replacement. A short (3-6 weeks) tailor-made, therapeutic exercise programme was compared with usual care. Feasibility was ...
Logghe Inge H J - - 2010
Tai Chi (TC) is an exercise training that is becoming increasingly popular as an intervention for single fall prevention. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of TC on fall rate, fear of falling and balance in older people. Randomized controlled trials published between 1988 and January 2009 were ...
Lee Myeong Soo - - 2010
To assess the evidence for tai chi in reducing resting blood pressure (BP) in the elderly. Databases were searched up to February 2009. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing the effects of tai chi on resting BP in the elderly were considered. The selection of studies, data extraction and validation ...
Cakt Burcu Duyur - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of cycling progressive resistance training combined with balance exercises on walking speed, balance, fatigue, fear of falling, depression, and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, 45 patients were randomized into two exercise training (n = 30) ...
Karinkanta Saija - - 2010
Falls and fall-related injuries, such as fractures, are a growing problem among older adults, often causing longstanding pain, functional impairments, reduced quality of life and excess health-care costs and mortality. These problems have led to a variety of single component or multicomponent intervention strategies to prevent falls and subsequent injuries. ...
Hall Courtney D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the addition of gaze stability exercises to balance rehabilitation would lead to greater improvements of symptoms and postural stability in older adults with normal vestibular function who reported dizziness. METHODS: Participants who were referred to outpatient physical therapy ...
Wu Ge - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the adherence to and effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise program through a live, interactive, telecommunication-based exercise (Tele-ex) with that of a similar program through a community center-based exercise (Comm-ex) and a home video-based exercise (Home-ex) among community-dwelling elders who are at risk for falls. DESIGN: Three groups ...
Villareal Dennis T DT Center for Human Nutrition, Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2011
Aging is associated with a decline in strength, endurance, balance, and mobility. Obesity worsens the age-related impairment in physical function and often leads to frailty. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends a multicomponent (strength, endurance, flexibility, and balance) exercise program to maintain physical fitness. However, the effect of such ...
Stathi A - - 2010
This study investigated the processes associated with the engagement of adults aged 70 years and older in a 12-month long research-based structured exercise programme. A sample of 21 participants (Mean age (SD) 75.8 (3.9); 14 females) and six exercise class leaders or researchers involved in the programme participated in individual ...
Graves Lee E F - - 2010
Active video games (exergames) increase energy expenditure (EE) and physical activity (PA) compared with sedentary video gaming. The physiological cost and enjoyment of exergaming in adolescents, and young and older adults has not been documented, nor compared with aerobic exercise. This study compared the physiological cost and enjoyment of exergaming ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2010
To determine the effects of adding stages of change-based counseling to an exercise prescription for older, sedentary adults in family practice. The Step Test Exercise Prescription Stages of change counseling study was a 12-month cluster randomized trial. Forty family practices in 4 regions of Canada. Healthy, community-dwelling men (48%) and ...
Chen Steve - - 2010
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of Cs-4 (Cordyceps sinensis) on exercise performance in healthy elderly subjects. Twenty (20) healthy elderly (age 50-75 years) subjects were enrolled in this double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective trial. The subjects were taking either Cs-4 333 mg or placebo capsules 3 times ...
Bird M - - 2011
We examined the long-term effects of a multi-component exercise program on balance, mobility and exercise behavior. The benefits of a community-based resistance and flexibility exercise intervention in a group of healthy older (60-75 years) individuals were recorded 12 months after completion of the randomized control intervention. Differences between those participants ...
Justine Maria - - 2010
This study examined the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on depression and quality of life in institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from a publicly funded shelter home in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Malaysia. The experimental group consisted of 23 volunteers 60 or older ...
Anderson-Hanley Cay - - 2010
While aerobic exercise has been linked to improved performance on cognitive tasks of executive functioning among older adults, not all older adults can avail themselves of such exercise due to physical limitations. In this study, community-dwelling older adults were evaluated on tasks of executive functioning before and after a month-long ...
Nocera Joe R - - 2010
Parkinson's disease is commonly accompanied by cognitive issues that limit participation in activities of daily living. Unfortunately, most current treatment paradigms and pharmacotherapeutics fail to address the cognitive impairment demonstrated in this population. Mounting evidence in healthy older adults suggests that aerobic exercise may improve cognitive function. This article describes ...
Miller Kenneth L - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of a home-based standing exercise and balance training program on balance confidence, balance performance, and gait in debilitated, ambulatory community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: A quasi-experimental single group pre- to posttest design was utilized in 14 subjects, 9 male ...
Hatch Janine - - 2010
PROBLEM: Aging adults residing in assisted living facilities are vulnerable to the effects of cumulative chronic illness and increasingly sedentary lifestyle, both contributing to risk of functional decline over time. Participation in regular exercise appears to preserve functional status and may minimize the rate of functional decline. PURPOSE: This quasi-experimental ...
Schmid Arlene A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fear of falling (FoF) and balance improved after a 12-week yoga intervention among older adults. DESIGN: A 12-week yoga intervention single-armed pilot study. SETTING: A retirement community in a medium-sized university town in the Midwest. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of adults (N=14) over the age of ...
Matsuda Patricia Noritake - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercise has been shown to improve physical function in frail older adults; however, the effects of exercise may vary with degree of frailty, the format and intensity of the exercise intervention, and level of supervision. This cohort study describes the effects of participation in a 6-week home-based ...
Ciolac E G - - 2010
Our purpose was to examine possible influences of age on resistance exercise (RE) intensity progression in men. Twenty-four men, divided in young sedentary (YS; n=10; 25.9+/-3.7 years), older sedentary (OS; n=7; 67.4+/-5.2 years), and older runners (OR; n=7; 71.3+/-3.0 years), underwent a 2 times-a-week RE program for 13 weeks. Muscle ...
Foley A - - 2011
Objective To determine whether high-intensity, progressive gym-based exercise performed once a week is as effective as twice weekly for maintaining both subjective and objective outcomes in older adults post discharge from a metropolitan day rehabilitation centre (DRC). Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Community-based exercise centre for older adults, located in ...
Nakajima K - - 2010
Chronic moderate exercise has been reported to reduce pro-inflammatory cytokines. To analyze the molecular mechanisms by which training exerts these effects, the epigenetic influences of age and exercise on the ASC gene, which is responsible for IL-1beta and IL-18 secretion, were investigated by ASC gene methylation. Further, the relationship between ...
T?z?n S - - 2010
AIM: Osteoporotic vertebra and hip fractures are major causes of dysfunction, disability, mortality and impaired life quality in the ageing population. In the postmenopausal period, exercises prevent rapid bone loss and increase muscle strength, mobility and flexibility thereby decreasing the risk of falls and fractures. Yoga exercises, which have been ...
Cakar E - - 2010
AIM: The objective of this study was to determine whether regular combined exercise program, which consists strength, stretching and aerobic exercises and additional jumping training, improve balance, fall risk, quality of life and depression status of older people living in a residential care. METHODS: A total of 168 residents who ...
Kloubec June A - - 2010
Many claims have been made about the effectiveness of Pilates exercise on the basic parameters of fitness. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Pilates exercise on abdominal endurance, hamstring flexibility, upper-body muscular endurance, posture, and balance. Fifty subjects were recruited to participate in a 12-week ...
Tüzün S - - 2010
AIM: Osteoporotic vertebra and hip fractures are major causes of dysfunction, disability, mortality and impaired life quality in the ageing population. In the postmenopausal period, exercises prevent rapid bone loss and increase muscle strength, mobility and flexibility thereby decreasing the risk of falls and fractures. Yoga exercises, which have been ...
Kaji Ayuko - - 2010
This study aimed to examine the transient effect of core stability exercises on the motion of the center of pressure (COP) during quiet standing. Seventeen healthy young adults (7 women and 10 men) were required to perform elbow-toe and hand-heel exercises for 30 seconds in both cases. Before and 1 ...
Onambélé-Pearson Gladys Leopoldine - - 2010
Losses in physiological function in healthy ageing occur partly as a consequence of reduced protein intake and partly as a consequence of less than 30-min/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity. The current study aimed to compare the effects of two different intensities of resistance training in healthy older adults, ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise affects many risk factors and diseases and therefore can play a vital role in general disease prevention and treatment of elderly individuals and may reduce costs. We sought to determine whether a single exercise program affects fracture risk (bone mineral density [BMD] and falls), coronary heart disease ...
LaRocca Thomas J TJ Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, - - 2010
Telomere length (TL), a measure of replicative senescence, decreases with aging, but the factors involved are incompletely understood. To determine if age-associated reductions in TL are related to habitual endurance exercise and maximal aerobic exercise capacity (maximal oxygen consumption, VO(2)max), we studied groups of young (18-32 years; n=15, 7 male) ...
Finucane F M FM MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Box 285, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2010
We sought to determine the effect of an aerobic exercise intervention on clustered metabolic risk and related outcomes in healthy older adults in a single-centre, explanatory randomised controlled trial. Participants from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (born 1931-1939) were randomly assigned to 36 supervised 1 h sessions on a cycle ergometer ...
Fermont Jiske - - 2010
Our objective was to determine the prevalence and distribution of fasciculations in healthy adults and to assess the effect of age, caffeine and exercise. Fasciculations were studied with ultrasonography in 58 healthy adults in various age categories. Questionnaires were used to determine effect of caffeine and regular exercise on the ...
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