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Sorinola I O IO Division of Health and Social Care Research, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
The restoration of trunk function following stroke is a key component of rehabilitation, however there is limited evidence of the efficacy of additional trunk training. To evaluate the efficacy of trunk exercises added to conventional rehabilitation on functional outcomes. Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs), published up to July 2012, evaluating ...
Tyagi Suresh C SC Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 323 East Chestnut Street, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2014
Remodeling and myocardial matrix metabolism contributes to cardiac endothelium-myocyte (perivascular fibrosis), myocyte-myocyte (interstitial fibrosis), and mitochondrion-myocyte (fusion and fission) coupling. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) play differential roles in different tissues and diseases. For example, although present in the heart, MMP-3 is known as stromelysin (i.e., ...
Refaat Marwan M MM Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, American University of Beirut Faculty of Medicine and Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a major public health problem. Current established criteria identifying those at risk of sudden arrhythmic death, and likely to benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), are neither sensitive nor specific. Exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) testing was traditionally used for information concerning patients' symptoms, exercise capacity, cardiovascular ...
Cechella José L JL Laboratório de Síntese, Reatividade e Avaliação Farmacológica e Toxicológica de Organocalcogênios, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, CEP 97105-900, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Selenium is an essential trace element for human health and has received attention for its role as a nutrient. The combination of exercise and nutrients has been proposed to promote health. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a diet supplemented with diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2 and ...
Wang Chong C Department of Neurology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, School of Medicine, Qingdao University, - - 2014
Background: Non-pharmacological interventions, including cognition-based intervention and physical exercise, are available for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but their efficacy remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate efficacy of cognition-based intervention and physical exercise on cognitive domains in patients with MCI. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and BIOSIS previews to ...
Le Goff Caroline C Department of Clinical Chemistry, University and University Hospital of Liège, Liège, - - 2014
Cardiopathies are the world's leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Although rare, cardiovascular accidents can occur during intense and infrequent sporting activity, particularly among those who are unaware of their heart condition. The development of cardiospecific biochemical markers has led to a reconsideration of the role of biology in the ...
Bouzas-Mosquera María Del Carmen MD Faculty of Health Sciences, European University, Madrid, - - 2014
There is some evidence to suggest that exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) may be associated with future risk of stroke in subjects without a history of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the value of an exaggerated exercise SBP response (EESBPR) for predicting stroke in patients referred for stress testing for ...
Fleig Lena L a Freie Universität Berlin , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Long-term rehabilitation success depends on regular exercise and healthy nutrition. The present study introduces a new framework to explain this association on a psychosocial level. The exercise-nutrition relationship was investigated by exploring the sequential mediation of habit strength and transfer cognitions. Design: Analyses were performed at two measurement ...
Ganesalingam J J Department of Neurology Imperial College Hospital, London, UK - - - 2014
Stroke is the third most common cause of death after coronary artery disease and cancer in the UK, and running is a popular form of exercise, and increasingly, people are participating in large scale endurance events such as marathons and half-marathons. We describe here two cases of young men suffering ...
Cadore Eduardo Lusa EL Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre, Navarre, Spain ; College of Physical Education, University of Brasília, DF, Brazil ; Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Aging is associated with declines in the neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems, resulting in an impaired capacity to perform daily activities. Frailty is an age-associated biological syndrome characterized by decreases in the biological functional reserve and resistance to stressors due to changes in several physiological systems, which puts older individuals at ...
Kelly Michelle E ME The NEIL Programme, Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data from epidemiological, cross-sectional, and neuroimaging research show a relationship between higher levels of exercise and reduced risk of cognitive decline but evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCT's) is less consistent. This review examines the impact of aerobic exercise, resistance training, and Tai Chi on the cognitive function of older ...
Winchester Lee L Department of Physiology & Biophysics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2014
Regular exercise is a great medicine with its benefits encompassing everything from prevention of cardiovascular risk to alleviation of different muscular myopathies. Interestingly, elevated levels of homocysteine (Hcy), also known as hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), antagonizes beta-2 adrenergic receptors (β2AR), gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) receptors. HHcy ...
Gomes Fabiano Guimarães Novaes FG Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo (SP), Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies in adult animals have demonstrated a beneficial effect of physical exercise on epileptic insults. Although the effects of physical exercise on the mature nervous system are well documented, its influence on the developing nervous system subjected to injuries in childhood has been little explored. The purpose of our study ...
Billinger Sandra A - - 2014
This scientific statement provides an overview of the evidence on physical activity and exercise recommendations for stroke survivors. Evidence suggests that stroke survivors experience physical deconditioning and lead sedentary lifestyles. Therefore, this updated scientific statement serves as an overall guide for practitioners to gain a better understanding of the benefits ...
Pilutti Lara A LA Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are many reviews documenting the benefits of exercise training among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). To date, we are unaware of a review that summarizes the risks of relapse and other adverse events (AEs) associated with exercise training, yet this is critical for informing decisions and recommendations regarding the ...
Deitz Diane D From ISA Associates, Inc, Alexandria, - - 2014
To examine whether a Web-based cardiovascular health promotion program was associated with changes in self-reported behaviors, attitudes, and biometric indicators in a population of working adults. Employees (n = 210) were recruited and randomized into either an Internet-based or control condition. Participants completed pre- and postintervention self-report assessments on diet, ...
Lee Hyun Kun HK Department of Family Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Because there is no specific treatment for the common cold, many previous studies have focused on prevention of the common cold. There were some studies reporting that regular, moderate-intensity exercise increases immunity and prevents the common cold. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the effects of exercise on prevention of ...
Silva Alexandre de Souza E AD Universidade Trás-os-Montes Alto Douro, CIDESD, Vila Real, Portugal, - - 2014
Homocysteine is an amino acid produced in the liver that, when present in high concentrations, is thought to contribute to plaque formation and, consequently, increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, daily physical activity and training programs may contribute to controlling atherosclerosis. Given that physical exercise induces changes in protein and ...
Morrison Steven S School of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA. Electronic address: - - 2014
For older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), declines in balance and walking ability are risk factors for falls, and peripheral neuropathy magnifies this risk. Exercise training may improve balance, gait and reduce the risk of falling. This study investigated the effects of 12weeks of aerobic exercise training on walking, ...
Zheng Guohua - - 2014
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability in the world, and the prevalence of stroke tends to increase with age. Despite advances in acute care and secondary preventive strategies, primary prevention should play the most significant role in the reduction of the burden of stroke. As an important ...
Hung Y-C YC Centre for Dietetics Research, School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Adverse changes in nutrition-related outcomes including quality of life (QoL) occur after PBSC transplantation. This randomised controlled trial aims to evaluate the impact of nutrition and exercise counselling provided at hospital discharge on nutritional status, body composition and QoL post transplantation. Usual care (UC) (n=19) received no intervention after discharge; extended ...
Wells Cherie C C. Wells, BAppSci(Physio), MManipTher, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra. University Drive, Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 2617. At the time of the study, Ms Wells was a PhD student at School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, - - 2014
BackgroundThe effectiveness of Pilates exercise for treating people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) is yet to be established. Understanding how to identify people with CLBP who may benefit, or not benefit from Pilates exercise, and the benefits and risks of Pilates exercise will assist trial design.ObjectivesTo establish a consensus ...
Choi Jeong Kyu JK Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University, Pusan National University, Yangsan 626-870, - - 2014
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are known to play an important role in the repair of damaged blood vessels. We used an endothelial progenitor cell colony-forming assay (EPC-CFA) to determine whether EPC numbers could be increased in healthy individuals through regular exercise training. The number of functional EPCs obtained from human ...
Arcoverde Cynthia C Instituto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Objective To assess the effect of aerobic exercise on the cognition and functional capacity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Method Elderly (n=20) with mild dementia (NINCDS-ADRDA/CDR1) were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG) on a treadmill (30 minutes, twice a week and moderate intensity of 60% VO2max) and control ...
de Salles Painelli Vitor V Laboratory of Applied Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Mello de Moraes, 65-Butanta, São Paulo, SP, 05508-030, - - 2014
Recent investigations have suggested that highly trained athletes may be less responsive to the ergogenic effects of β-alanine (BA) supplementation than recreationally active individuals due to their elevated muscle buffering capacity. We investigated whether training status influences the effect of BA on repeated Wingate performance. Forty young males were divided ...
Franklin Barry A BA William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2014
Physical inactivity is a serious health problem worldwide, contributing to early development of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases (CVD).(1) In fact, our hypokinetic lifestyle is now widely recognized among the most proximal risk factors for heart disease, along with poor dietary habits and cigarette smoking.(2-4) To address these concerns, ...
Baguet Audrey A 1University - - 2014
Given the ergogenic properties of carnosine in skeletal muscle, it can be hypothesized that elevated levels of circulating carnosine could equally be advantageous for high-intensity exercises. Serum carnosinase (CN1), the enzyme hydrolyzing the dipeptide, is highly active in the human circulation. Consequently, dietary intake of carnosine usually results in rapid ...
Jedrziewski M Kathryn MK 1The Institute on Aging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Currently, there are no effective treatments for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and age continues to be a robust risk factor. Thus, population aging in the United States may have catastrophic results if interventions are not found and implemented. This study examines possible associations between cognitive impairment and exercise, cognitive ...
Stivala Adam A 1Rehabilitation Department, St Catherine's Rehabilitation Hospital, North Miami, Florida. 2University of Miami, Coral Gables, - - 2014
Currently, little information describing the relationship of Pilates-based strength and stability exercises with fall risk in the geriatric population exists. The purpose of this report was to examine the impact of a Pilates-based rehabilitation (PBR) program on reducing fall risk in an aging adult status postfall with resulting hip fracture ...
Kim Seong Gil SG Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hippotherapy on elderly persons' static balance and gait. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two elderly persons residing in the community were randomly divided into a hippotherapy group and a treadmill group and they conducted exercise for eight weeks. [Results] Step ...
Satoh Masayuki M Department of Dementia Prevention and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Medicine, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, - - 2014
Physical exercise has positive effects on cognitive function in elderly people. It is unknown, however, if combinations of non-pharmaceutical interventions can produce more benefits than single ones. This study aimed to identify if physical exercise combined with music improves cognitive function in normal elderly people more than exercise alone. We ...
Yau Suk-Yu SY Division of Medical Sciences, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, Canada V8P - - 2014
Cumulative evidence has indicated that there is an important role for adult hippocampal neurogenesis in cognitive function. With the increasing prevalence of cognitive decline associated with neurodegenerative diseases among the ageing population, physical exercise, a potent enhancer of adult hippocampal neurogenesis, has emerged as a potential preventative strategy/treatment to reduce ...
Adlakha Deepti D Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis , St. Louis, MO , - - 2014
Introduction: Abundant evidence shows that regular physical activity (PA) is an effective strategy for preventing obesity in people of diverse socioeconomic status (SES) and racial groups. The proportion of PA performed in parks and how this differs by proximate neighborhood SES has not been thoroughly investigated. The present project analyzes ...
Huang Jui-Hua JH Occupational Health Center, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan. - - 2014
Workplace health promotion programs should be tailored according to individual needs and efficient intervention. This study aimed to determine the effects of nutrition and exercise health behaviors on predicted risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) when body mass index (BMI) is considered. In total, 3350 Taiwanese workers were included in this ...
Tarumi Takashi T Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas Dallas, TX, USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Alzheimer disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease often coexist with advanced age. Mounting evidence indicates that the presence of vascular disease and its risk factors increase the risk of AD, suggesting a potential overlap of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. In particular, atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, and stiffening of central elastic arteries have ...
Schiattarella Gabriele G GG Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Naples, - - 2014
Aging is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are estimated to be the most common cause of death in the elderly. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) represents an important clinical manifestation of CVD leading to increase morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly population. The correct management of PAD ...
Morrison Zoe Z Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
To explore the reasons for enrolling, experiences of participating and reasons for remaining in a family-based, cluster randomised controlled trial of a dietitian-delivered lifestyle modification intervention aiming to reduce obesity in South Asians at high risk of developing diabetes. Qualitative study using narrative interviews of a purposive sample of trial ...
van de Rest Ondine O Wageningen University, Division of Human Nutrition, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Physical activity has been proposed as one of the most effective strategies to prevent cognitive decline. Protein supplementation may exert an additive effect. The effect of resistance-type exercise training with or without protein supplementation on cognitive functioning in frail and pre-frail elderly people was assessed in a secondary analysis. Two ...
Kirk-Sanchez Neva J NJ Department of Physical Therapy, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, - - 2014
In an aging population with increasing incidence of dementia and cognitive impairment, strategies are needed to slow age-related decline and reduce disease-related cognitive impairment in older adults. Physical exercise that targets modifiable risk factors and neuroprotective mechanisms may reduce declines in cognitive performance attributed to the normal aging process and ...
Wang I-Kuan IK Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, - - 2013
Background/Aims: Although the effect of exercise on health is well established, nephrologists seldom consider physical activity in the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) or CKD in the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM/CKD). The aim of the present study was to analyze the benefits of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in ...
Bourke L L Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2013
Background:To systematically review the effects of interventions to improve exercise behaviour in sedentary people living with and beyond cancer.Methods:Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared an exercise intervention to a usual care comparison in sedentary people with a homogeneous primary cancer diagnosis, over the age of 18 years were eligible. ...
Deminice Rafael - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of creatine supplementation on homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels after acute exercise in humans. Twenty-three young (under-20) soccer players were divided into 2 groups: creatine (Cr)- and placebo (Pla)-supplemented groups. The supplementation was performed in double-blind controlled manner using creatine or ...
Donovan Caroline L CL School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt QLD 4122, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study explored the moderating effects of body dissatisfaction (BD) on the relationships between various constructs of control and weight restricting and control behaviours (WRCBs). Participants were 167 female undergraduates who completed self-report measures of control, BD and WRCBs. It was found that higher external locus of control (LOC) was ...
Laukkanen Jari A - - 2013
The value of SBP during exercise and recovery period as a risk marker for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is not known. Thus, we assessed the association of SBP during recovery from exercise testing with the risk of SCD. SBP was measured every 2 min during and at 2 min after ...
Lee In-Hee IH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] Aging is associated with a progressive decline in overall muscle strength. Loss of lower limb strength leads to an increased risk of falls and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lower limb strengthening exercise leads to improved lower limb strength and balance function ...
Stivala Adam - - 2013
Currently, little information describing the relationship of Pilates-based strength and stability exercises with fall risk in the geriatric population exists. The purpose of this report was to examine the impact of a Pilates-based rehabilitation (PBR) program on reducing fall risk in an aging adult status postfall with resulting hip fracture ...
Deighton Stephanie - - 2013
Recent research suggests aerobic exercise has a positive impact on symptoms and cognition in psychosis. Because individuals with psychosis are at risk of weight gain and the resultant metabolic side-effects, developing effective exercise programmes is of interest. Furthermore, this may be a useful intervention for those who are at risk ...
Mendes Romeu - - 2013
Physical activity is widely recommended as an essential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy to the prevention and control of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk. Microvascular and macrovascular complications associated with the natural progression of the disease and typical age and anthropometric profile of individuals with type 2 diabetes may expose these ...
Desure Ariell R - - 2013
Falls are the leading cause of injury among older adults in the United States, with the institutionalized elderly at elevated risk for injury and death. Physical weakness and mental frailty, prevalent in institutionalized elderly, are major risk factors for falls. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program ...
Schwenk Michael - - 2013
Background: Foot and ankle (FA) exercise programs might reduce the risk of falling in older adults. We sought to systematically review the current literature on FA exercise programs targeted at reducing the risk of falling in older adults. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed database, the ...
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