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Ganesalingam J J Department of Neurology Imperial College Hospital, London, UK - - - 2014
Stroke is the third most common cause of death after coronary artery disease and cancer in the UK, and running is a popular form of exercise, and increasingly, people are participating in large scale endurance events such as marathons and half-marathons. We describe here two cases of young men suffering ...
Zheng Guohua - - 2014
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability in the world, and the prevalence of stroke tends to increase with age. Despite advances in acute care and secondary preventive strategies, primary prevention should play the most significant role in the reduction of the burden of stroke. As an important ...
Hung Y-C YC Centre for Dietetics Research, School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Adverse changes in nutrition-related outcomes including quality of life (QoL) occur after PBSC transplantation. This randomised controlled trial aims to evaluate the impact of nutrition and exercise counselling provided at hospital discharge on nutritional status, body composition and QoL post transplantation. Usual care (UC) (n=19) received no intervention after discharge; extended ...
Wells Cherie C C. Wells, BAppSci(Physio), MManipTher, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra. University Drive, Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 2617. At the time of the study, Ms Wells was a PhD student at School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, - - 2014
BackgroundThe effectiveness of Pilates exercise for treating people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) is yet to be established. Understanding how to identify people with CLBP who may benefit, or not benefit from Pilates exercise, and the benefits and risks of Pilates exercise will assist trial design.ObjectivesTo establish a consensus ...
Hayes L L London Metropolitan University, London, United - - 2014
Core stability training (CST) has increased in popularity among athletes and the general fitness population and is promoted as a means to reduce injury risk. In female athletes, an intervention combining CST and balance training reduced peak landing forces, a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Less is ...
O'Malley E E UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Exercise-based training is proposed to aid injury prevention through enhanced neuromuscular-control and muscle strength. To assess the effects of exercise-based interventions on injury incidence in team sports. Systematic review. 5 electronic databases were searched (12/01/13) returning 275 unique articles. 23 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving 21,479 participants were included. Multifaceted ...
Arcoverde Cynthia C Instituto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Objective To assess the effect of aerobic exercise on the cognition and functional capacity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Method Elderly (n=20) with mild dementia (NINCDS-ADRDA/CDR1) were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG) on a treadmill (30 minutes, twice a week and moderate intensity of 60% VO2max) and control ...
de Salles Painelli Vitor V Laboratory of Applied Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Mello de Moraes, 65-Butanta, São Paulo, SP, 05508-030, - - 2014
Recent investigations have suggested that highly trained athletes may be less responsive to the ergogenic effects of β-alanine (BA) supplementation than recreationally active individuals due to their elevated muscle buffering capacity. We investigated whether training status influences the effect of BA on repeated Wingate performance. Forty young males were divided ...
Franklin Barry A BA William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2014
Physical inactivity is a serious health problem worldwide, contributing to early development of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases (CVD).(1) In fact, our hypokinetic lifestyle is now widely recognized among the most proximal risk factors for heart disease, along with poor dietary habits and cigarette smoking.(2-4) To address these concerns, ...
Baguet Audrey A 1University - - 2014
Given the ergogenic properties of carnosine in skeletal muscle, it can be hypothesized that elevated levels of circulating carnosine could equally be advantageous for high-intensity exercises. Serum carnosinase (CN1), the enzyme hydrolyzing the dipeptide, is highly active in the human circulation. Consequently, dietary intake of carnosine usually results in rapid ...
Jedrziewski M Kathryn MK 1The Institute on Aging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Currently, there are no effective treatments for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and age continues to be a robust risk factor. Thus, population aging in the United States may have catastrophic results if interventions are not found and implemented. This study examines possible associations between cognitive impairment and exercise, cognitive ...
Stivala Adam A 1Rehabilitation Department, St Catherine's Rehabilitation Hospital, North Miami, Florida. 2University of Miami, Coral Gables, - - 2014
Currently, little information describing the relationship of Pilates-based strength and stability exercises with fall risk in the geriatric population exists. The purpose of this report was to examine the impact of a Pilates-based rehabilitation (PBR) program on reducing fall risk in an aging adult status postfall with resulting hip fracture ...
Tarumi Takashi T Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas Dallas, TX, USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Alzheimer disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease often coexist with advanced age. Mounting evidence indicates that the presence of vascular disease and its risk factors increase the risk of AD, suggesting a potential overlap of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. In particular, atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, and stiffening of central elastic arteries have ...
Kim Seong Gil SG Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hippotherapy on elderly persons' static balance and gait. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two elderly persons residing in the community were randomly divided into a hippotherapy group and a treadmill group and they conducted exercise for eight weeks. [Results] Step ...
Schiattarella Gabriele G GG Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Naples, - - 2014
Aging is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are estimated to be the most common cause of death in the elderly. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) represents an important clinical manifestation of CVD leading to increase morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly population. The correct management of PAD ...
van de Rest Ondine O Wageningen University, Division of Human Nutrition, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Physical activity has been proposed as one of the most effective strategies to prevent cognitive decline. Protein supplementation may exert an additive effect. The effect of resistance-type exercise training with or without protein supplementation on cognitive functioning in frail and pre-frail elderly people was assessed in a secondary analysis. Two ...
Kirk-Sanchez Neva J NJ Department of Physical Therapy, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, - - 2014
In an aging population with increasing incidence of dementia and cognitive impairment, strategies are needed to slow age-related decline and reduce disease-related cognitive impairment in older adults. Physical exercise that targets modifiable risk factors and neuroprotective mechanisms may reduce declines in cognitive performance attributed to the normal aging process and ...
Wang I-Kuan IK Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, - - 2013
Background/Aims: Although the effect of exercise on health is well established, nephrologists seldom consider physical activity in the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) or CKD in the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM/CKD). The aim of the present study was to analyze the benefits of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in ...
Bourke L L Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2013
Background:To systematically review the effects of interventions to improve exercise behaviour in sedentary people living with and beyond cancer.Methods:Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared an exercise intervention to a usual care comparison in sedentary people with a homogeneous primary cancer diagnosis, over the age of 18 years were eligible. ...
Deminice Rafael - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of creatine supplementation on homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels after acute exercise in humans. Twenty-three young (under-20) soccer players were divided into 2 groups: creatine (Cr)- and placebo (Pla)-supplemented groups. The supplementation was performed in double-blind controlled manner using creatine or ...
Donovan Caroline L CL School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt QLD 4122, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study explored the moderating effects of body dissatisfaction (BD) on the relationships between various constructs of control and weight restricting and control behaviours (WRCBs). Participants were 167 female undergraduates who completed self-report measures of control, BD and WRCBs. It was found that higher external locus of control (LOC) was ...
Laukkanen Jari A - - 2013
The value of SBP during exercise and recovery period as a risk marker for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is not known. Thus, we assessed the association of SBP during recovery from exercise testing with the risk of SCD. SBP was measured every 2 min during and at 2 min after ...
Lee In-Hee IH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] Aging is associated with a progressive decline in overall muscle strength. Loss of lower limb strength leads to an increased risk of falls and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lower limb strengthening exercise leads to improved lower limb strength and balance function ...
Stivala Adam - - 2013
Currently, little information describing the relationship of Pilates-based strength and stability exercises with fall risk in the geriatric population exists. The purpose of this report was to examine the impact of a Pilates-based rehabilitation (PBR) program on reducing fall risk in an aging adult status postfall with resulting hip fracture ...
Deighton Stephanie - - 2013
Recent research suggests aerobic exercise has a positive impact on symptoms and cognition in psychosis. Because individuals with psychosis are at risk of weight gain and the resultant metabolic side-effects, developing effective exercise programmes is of interest. Furthermore, this may be a useful intervention for those who are at risk ...
Mendes Romeu - - 2013
Physical activity is widely recommended as an essential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy to the prevention and control of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk. Microvascular and macrovascular complications associated with the natural progression of the disease and typical age and anthropometric profile of individuals with type 2 diabetes may expose these ...
Desure Ariell R - - 2013
Falls are the leading cause of injury among older adults in the United States, with the institutionalized elderly at elevated risk for injury and death. Physical weakness and mental frailty, prevalent in institutionalized elderly, are major risk factors for falls. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program ...
Schwenk Michael - - 2013
Background: Foot and ankle (FA) exercise programs might reduce the risk of falling in older adults. We sought to systematically review the current literature on FA exercise programs targeted at reducing the risk of falling in older adults. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed database, the ...
Tang Ada - - 2013
Cardiovascular co-morbidities are prevalent after stroke, with heart disease, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance present in the majority of cases. Exercise has the potential to mediate cardiovascular risk factors commonly present in people with stroke. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial compared the effects of high versus low intensity exercise on ...
Reges Orna - - 2013
Despite well-established medical recommendations, many cardiac patients do not exercise regularly either independently or through formal cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRP). This non-adherence is even more pronounced among minority ethnic groups. Illness cognition (IC), i.e. the way people perceive the situation they encounter, has been recognized as a crucial ...
Schubert Carla R - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The prevalence of olfactory impairment is high in older adults, and this decline in olfactory ability may pose health and safety risks, affect nutrition, and decrease quality of life. It is important to identify modifiable risk factors to reduce the burden of olfactory impairment in aging populations. OBJECTIVE To ...
Heiniger Louise E - - 2013
Fatalism has been associated with non-adherence to health behavior in the past. This study compared fatalism of Chinese and Korean immigrants with native-born Caucasians (N = 309) and examined whether the relationship between fatalism and exercise, nutrition and medical screening would be moderated by ethnicity. Chinese reported higher fatalism than Caucasians and ...
Casey Amanda Faith - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) may be at heightened risk for stroke due to a combination of physiological conditions and lifestyle choices. There remains a lack of information regarding the effectiveness of exercise training on individuals with DS post-stroke. This case report describes the effects of a comprehensive ...
Cabanas-Valdés Rosa - - 2013
Trunk control has been identified as an important early predictor of functional outcome after stroke but there is insufficient evidence that proximal stability of the trunk is a pre-requisite for sitting and standing balance, walking, and functional activities. We systematically reviewed the literature on trunk training exercises (TTE) in adult ...
Sosnoff Jacob J - - 2013
Objective:To determine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a home-based exercise intervention targeting fall risk in older adults with multiple sclerosis.Design:A randomized controlled pilot trial.Setting:A home-based exercise program.Intervention:Participants were randomly allocated to either a home-based exercise intervention group (n = 13) or a waiting list control group (n = 14). ...
Zhao Huan - - 2013
Purpose: Exercise leads to a lower risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether time of day physical exercise has effects on CAD is still unclear. The present study is to investigate the relationship between time of day physical exercise and angiography determined CAD in a Chinese population. Subjects: A ...
Farina Nicolas - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Non-pharmacological interventions may have a role in both the prevention and slowing down of disease progression in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of exercise in disease prevention, for example, has been extensively evaluated in large epidemiological studies. Much less is known about the potential benefit of exercise in ...
Gons Rob A R - - 2013
To investigate the relation between physical exercise and the microstructural integrity of cerebral white matter. Four hundred forty individuals with cerebral small-vessel disease, aged between 50 and 85 years, without dementia, were included and underwent MRI scanning. Physical exercise was assessed with a structured questionnaire. The cross-sectional relation between physical ...
Fiocco Alexandra Jasmine - - 2013
Canada is experiencing a rise in type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a known risk factor for accelerated cognitive decline and dementia. Within the context of an aging population, this will impose significant individual and societal burden, making the development of prevention programs imperative. This pilot study examines the effects of ...
La Rue Asenath - - 2013
Interventions that stimulate and engage individuals with dementia physically, cognitively, and socially offer promise for improving health and well-being and for potentially slowing functional losses with disease progression. We describe a volunteer-based intervention that combines physical exercise, cognitive-linguistic stimulation, and social outings for older persons living with dementia in rural ...
Johannsen Neil M - - 2013
OBJECTIVELow cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Age-predicted, sex-stratified, and maximal MET cut points have been developed to determine the risk of CVD events and mortality in low CRF categories. We examined the proportion of Health Benefits ...
Niedermann Karin - - 2013
Objective: Several studies suggest that patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a 12-week individually heart rate-monitored, moderately intensive cardiovascular training on cardiovascular fitness and perceived disease activity in AS patients. Methods: Patients diagnosed with AS according ...
Amano Shinichi - - 2013
Gait dysfunction and postural instability are two debilitating symptoms in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). Tai Chi exercise has recently gained attention as an attractive intervention for persons with PD because of its known potential to reduce falls and improve postural control, walking abilities, and safety at a low cost. ...
James Cynthia A - - 2013
To determine how exercise influences penetrance of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) among patients with desmosomal mutations. While animal models and anecdotal evidence suggest exercise is a risk factor for ARVD/C, there have been no systematic human studies. Eighty-seven carriers (46 male, mean age 44±18) were interviewed about regular physical ...
Gates Nicola - - 2013
Investigations of exercise and cognition have primarily focused on healthy or demented older adults, and results have been equivocal in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Our aim was to evaluate efficacy of exercise on cognition in older adults with MCI. We conducted a meta-analysis of random controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Sakurai Ryota - - 2013
To study the effects of a comprehensive intervention program comprising exercise, diet, and hot bathing in community-dwelling older adults by using a randomized controlled trial. The program included 61 community-dwelling healthy older adults (mean [SD] age, 69.9 [5.3] years) who were using a hot bath facility. The participants were randomly ...
Kovács E - - 2013
Background: Exercise programs have important role in prevention of falls, but to date, there are conflicting findings about the effects of exercise programs on balance, functional performance and fall risk among cognitively impaired older adults. Aim. To investigate the effects of a multimodal exercise program on static and dynamic balance, ...
Warms Catherine A - - 2013
There are anecdotal reports of adverse events (AEs) associated with exercise in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) and consequent concern by people with SCI and their providers about potential risks of exercise. Enumeration of specific events has never been performed and the extent of risk of exercise to people ...
Gregory Michael A - - 2013
Identifying feasible and effective interventions aimed at mitigating the effects of cognitive decline in older adults is currently a high priority for researchers, clinicians, and policy makers. Evidence suggests that exercise and cognitive training benefit cognitive health in older adults; however, a preferred modality has to be endorsed yet by ...
- - 2013
Examining the effect of exercise in childhood and the effect on cardiovascular disease.
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