Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 711
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Geny B - - 1998
We investigated the atrial (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP), catecholamines, heart rate, and blood pressure responses to graded upright maximal cycling exercise of eight matched healthy subjects and cardiac-denervated heart transplant recipients (HTR). Baseline heart rate and diastolic blood pressure, together with ANP (15.2 +/- 3.7 vs. 4.4 +/- ...
Poveda J J - - 1998
To evaluate the age-related response of vasoactive factors during acute exercise, young (n = 8, aged 23.6+/-2 years) and old (n = 13, aged 77+/-6 years) healthy volunteers performed a stress test using a treadmill, and blood samples were taken before and after exercise. There were neither basal (old people ...
Paramore D S - - 1998
Plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentrations are a fallible index of sympathetic neural activity because circulating NE can be derived from sympathetic nerves, the adrenal medullas, or both and because of regional differences in sympathetic neural activity. We used isotope dilution measurements of systemic and forearm NE spillover rates (SNESO and FNESO, ...
Barletta G - - 1998
We evaluated cardiac function and the plasma levels of atrial (ANP) and brain (BNP) natriuretic peptides during bicycle (B) and hand-grip (HG) exercises in eight healthy males. Each test was preceded by a control protocol in resting conditions. Left ventricular (LV) function (echocardiography) was evaluated during both exercises. Atrial function ...
Onuoha G N - - 1998
Plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide immunoreactivity (irANP) and brain natriuretic peptide immunoreactivity (irBNP) in elderly normal subjects (mean age 71.1, range 66-81 years, n = 10) were examined before (rest), during (peak of exercise) and after (3 min, 6 min) a treadmill exercise test (modified Bruce protocol). An attempt ...
Onuoha G N - - 1998
A very sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay for human alpha atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) and a novel extraction method for hANP, have been developed. Antiserum to hANP showed no cross-reactivity with related analogues (e.g., brain natriuretic peptide). The radioimmunoassay can detect 1.2 fmol ANP/assay tube. Using a commercially available tracer, the ...
Chiodera P - - 1998
The present study was undertaken in order to establish the possible involvement of melatonin in the mechanisms underlying the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) responses to physical exercise and angiotensin II (ANG II). On two mornings at least 1 week apart, normal male subjects were tested with exercise on a bicycle ergometer (the ...
Nyman S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of hydration status and exercise intensity on plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentration in exercising horses. ANIMALS: 4 trained Standardbreds. PROCEDURE: Horses performed a 40-minute exercise test at 65 to 70% maximal heart rate (HRmax; no incline) and a 12-minute test at approximately 90% HRmax (3.5 ...
Eisenhofer G - - 1998
This study assessed whether the mechanisms regulating cardiac norepinephrine (NE) synthesis with changes in NE release are influenced by functions of sympathetic nerves affecting transmitter turnover independently of transmitter release. Differences in arterial and coronary venous plasma concentrations of NE and its metabolites and of dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), the immediate product ...
Ujioka T - - 1998
The objective of our study was to elucidate the involvement of interleukin (IL)-8 in the hCG-induced rabbit ovulatory process. After administering hCG (100 IU i.v.), we examined myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, which represents neutrophil accumulation; neutrophil elastase (NE) activity, which is an indicator of neutrophil activity; and levels of IL-8 in ...
Kallinen M - - 1998
To study effort tolerance in elderly women with different physical activity backgrounds, 52 physically active (PA) and 42 sedentary control women (CO) aged 66-85 yr were assigned to perform cycle ergometer exercise to their volitional maximum. Oxygen uptake, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate, work power, and rate pressure product ...
Chu C A - - 1998
To determine the effect of a selective rise in liver sinusoidal norepinephrine (NE) on hepatic glucose production (HGP), norepinephrine (50 ng.kg-1.min-1) was infused intraportally (Po-NE) for 3 h into five 18-h-fasted conscious dogs with a pancreatic clamp. In the control protocol, NE (0.2 ng.kg-1.min-1) and glucose were infused peripherally to ...
Rostagno C - - 1998
The relationship between impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BS) and the degree of sympathetic activation during exercise in patients with heart failure (HF) has not been studied in detail. For this purpose, we studied BS and measured plasma norepinephrine (NE) at rest, and during and after treadmill exercise in 15 patients and ...
De Crée C - - 1998
A single-subject experimental design was used to obtain some preliminary findings on the plasma responses of catecholestrogens (CE) to acute exercise and brief, but exhaustive training on a cycle ergometer. One previously untrained eumenorrheic female (body fat: 26% VO2max: 43.3 ml x kg(-1) x min[-1]) participated in this study. Resting ...
Pau K Y - - 1998
Pulsatile secretion of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is suppressed by alpha-adrenergic antagonists in ovariectomized (OVX) rabbits, thus suggesting that initiation of GnRH pulses requires the presence of norepinephrine (NE) stimulation. Terminals of NE neurons are located in proximity with GnRH cells in the hypothalamus, including the arcuate nucleus-median eminence (AME) ...
Schmidt W - - 1998
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the behavior of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP-(99-126)] concentration ([ANP]) and renal urodilatin [Uro; ANP-(95-126)] excretion during and after exercise and their possible effects on renal Na+ retention. Ten male subjects performed a cycle ergometer test for 60 min at 60% ...
Kloas W - - 1997
Changes in adrenal hormones during the complete developmental cycle from egg to juvenile were investigated in the amphibian Xenopus laevis. Whole-body concentrations of the adrenal steroids corticosterone (B), and aldosterone (Aldo) were determined by radioimmunoassay and those of the adrenal catecholamines epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (D) were determined ...
Shimauchi H - - 1997
We have previously demonstrated that detectable levels of prostaglandin E2 exist in periapical exudates (PE-PGE2) from root canals of periapical periodontitis. Our data from a cross-sectional study also suggested the association of PE-PGE2 concentrations with the active phase of periapical lesions. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Mulligan K A - - 1997
Both epinephrine (Epi) and vasopressin (VP) increase coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) when administered during cardiac arrest. Given their different mechanisms of action we tested the hypothesis that during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) a combination of VP plus Epi would be superior to either agent alone. Epi(40 microg/kg), VP(0.3 U/kg) and the ...
Davidson N C - - 1997
AIMS: Resting plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide rise with left ventricular dysfunction, but little is known about effects of cardiac ischaemia on atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide levels during exercise. We investigated exercise levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide in ...
Deng M C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that neurohormonal and immunological activation differs in ischemic and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy since recent intervention trials indicate that ischemic cardiomyopathy seems to carry a worse prognosis than idiopathic cardiomyopathy of comparable clinical severity. METHODS: In ten patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing spiroergometric evaluation venous levels ...
De Crée C - - 1997
It has been hypothesized that exercise-related hypo-estrogenemia occurs as a consequence of increased competition of catecholestrogens (CE) for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). This may result in higher norepinephrine (NE) concentrations, which could interfere with normal gonadotropin pulsatility. The present study investigates the effects of training on CE responses to acute exercise stress. ...
Skaare A B - - 1997
Previous studies on triclosan treatment of skin exposed to sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) indicated a protective rôle of zinc and an irritant effect of propylene glycol (PG). The aim was hence to examine whether zinc or PG also may affect SLS-induced oral mucosal reactions, and also to test the influence ...
Shiba M - - 1997
We investigated contact system activation in red cell concentrate in mannitol-adenine-phosphate (MAP) solution (RC-MAP) during storage and leukocyte removal filtration. The contact system activation was assessed in terms of bradykinin (BK) generation. The BK level in the RC-MAP transiently but significantly (p < 0.05) increased at 7 to 14 days ...
de Groote P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been published concerning exercise performance and hormonal activation. Previous studies have demonstrated the prognostic information of plasma levels of neurohormones at rest in patients with congestive heart failure. No study has examined the prognostic information of plasma levels of hormones at peak exercise. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive ...
Favier R - - 1997
To determine the effect of coca chewing on heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and plasma volume and their relationship with the hormones regulating cardiovascular and body fluid homeostasis, 16 male volunteers were examined at rest and during 1 h of cycle exercise at approximately 75% of their ...
Hanel B - - 1997
Pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), regional electrical impedance (Z0), and the distribution of technetium-99m-labeled erythrocytes together with concentration of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were determined before and after a 6-min "all-out" row in nine oarsmen and in six control subjects. Two and one-half hours after exercise in ...
Saló J - - 1997
Moderate physical exercise does not affect glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal excretory function in normal subjects. This study is aimed at assessing the effects of moderate physical exercise on renal function in 21 nonazotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites. Arterial pressure, heart rate, and renal function were assessed in the ...
Krunic N - - 1997
We have previously reported that prostaglandin(PG) E2 levels in sheep cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are high prenatally and abate rapidly after birth. This event may contribute to the establishment of continuous breathing. To explain this change, we have examined PG disposal mechanisms in the perinatal and adult (pregnant and non-pregnant animal) ...
Nishikimi T - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise on plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in patients with essential hypertension (n = 15) and in normotensive controls (n = 10). Exercise consisted of two fixed workloads, 40 and 80 ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
Neurohormonal responses to exercise have not been studied fully in patients with essential hypertension (HT). This study determined if neurohormonal responses to exercise are altered between three subgroups of HT categorized by basal plasma renin activity (PRA). Plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), PRA, angiotensin II (AII), and aldosterone ...
Morimoto A - - 1997
1. We investigated the effect of exercise on plasma adrenomedullin, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations and studied the relationship between these peptides and haemodynamic parameters in nine patients with old myocardial infarction (MI) and in eight normal subjects. 2. The exercise protocol consisted of two ...
Steele I C - - 1997
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are known to be elevated in patients with chronic heart failure at rest. While it is known that during exercise the circulating level of ANP increases in patients with heart failure, the response of BNP to exercise in these patients relative ...
Frey G C - - 1997
Catecholamine and lactate responses to incremental exercise were examined in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Three men with high-level (HINJ) and four with low-level (LINJ) SCI performed VO2peak exercise tests on an arm ergometer. Forearm venous blood samples taken at rest and at the end of each work stage ...
Camus G - - 1997
1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were studied. Their performance in the marathon ranged from 2 h 46 min to 4 h 42 min. 2. ...
Coker R H - - 1997
The contribution of sympathetic drive and vascular catecholamine delivery to the splanchnic bed during heavy exercise was studied in dogs that underwent a laparotomy during which flow probes were implanted onto the portal vein and hepatic artery and catheters were inserted into the carotid artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein. ...
Yamazaki T - - 1997
We applied a dialysis technique to the hearts of anesthetized cats and examined whether the concentration of dialysate norepinephrine (NE) reflected NE disposition at the cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. Dialysis probes were implanted in the left ventricular wall, and dialysate NE concentrations were measured as an index of myocardial interstitial ...
Asselin E - - 1997
At the time of recognition of pregnancy, the bovine conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) must produce a signal that will prevent luteolysis otherwise induced by pulsatile release of prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha from the uterus in response to oxytocin (OT). In ruminants, trophoblastic interferon tau (IFN-tau) released by the conceptus appears ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
1. Plasma norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II (ATII), aldosterone (ALD), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were measured in 20 male and 15 female subjects during submaximal treadmill test. 2. Exercise duration was not different between the two groups (male vs. female: 13.4 +/- 0.8 min vs. ...
Ogino K - - 1997
The effects of enalapril on exercise capacity and neurohumoral factors during exercise were evaluated in 10 patients with heart failure. Echocardiograms and exercise testing with expired gas analysis were performed before and after enalapril. Blood samples were obtained before and after exercise. Both ejection fraction and percent fractional shortening increased ...
Kelly P A - - 1997
It is generally accepted that plasma atrial natriuretic peptide release occurs secondary to atrial stretch. The influence of coordinated atrial contraction (AC) upon this process is not fully appreciated. The aim of the study was to determine the importance of coordinated AC upon peripheral atrial natriuretic peptide levels (alpha-hANP) during ...
Mascher H J - - 1997
A bioavailability study of 2 different selegiline preparations were conducted in 20 healthy volunteers to test the bioequivalence. Almost no bioavailability study of selegiline has been published. As plasma levels of selegiline are very low and the elimination half-life is very short being about 9 minutes, therefore, a very sensitive ...
Mudambo K S - - 1997
The maintenance of blood volume during exercise, especially in a hot environment, is of major importance for continued performance. In order to investigate the relationships between exercise, type and amount of fluid intake and the degree of acclimatization to heat stress and on responses of arginine vasopressin (AVP), atrial natriuretic ...
Dishman R K - - 1997
This paper summarizes our studies examining whether changes in levels of brain monoamines after chronic exercise are associated with altered behavioral and endocrine responses to stressors other than exercise. The focus is on using animal models relevant for understanding reports by humans that regular physical activity reduces depression and anxiety. ...
De Crée C - - 1997
Exercise-induced menstrual problems are accompanied by an increase in catecholestrogen (CE) formation. It has been hypothesized that hypoestrogenemia may be secondary to an increased turnover from estrogens to CE, which then may disrupt luteinizing hormone release. In addition, the strong affinity of CE for the catecholamine-deactivating enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has ...
Chati Z - - 1996
We investigated the relationship between exercise capacity and the level of neurohormonal activation at rest and during exercise in patients with various degrees of severity of chronic heart failure. We performed exercise testing with measurements of peak oxygen consumption (pVo2) and blood sampling at rest and at peak exercise in ...
Tanaka M - - 1996
Many factors have been reported to stimulate the release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as well as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In hypertensive patients, however, little is known about whether these factors differ from those in normotensive subjects or if they are influenced by antihypertensive treatment. We measured the plasma ...
Grant S M - - 1996
To investigate the effect of acute graded increases in plasma volume (PV) on fluid and regulatory hormone levels, eight untrained men (peak aerobic power 45.2 +/- 2.2 ml.kg-1.min-1) performed prolonged cycle exercise (46 +/- 4% maximal aerobic power on three occasions, namely, with no PV expansion (Con) and after 14% ...
Kohno M - - 1996
Cardiac ventricle is shown to be an important source of circulating brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in hypertensive rats with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study examined the effect of short-term exercise with a bicycle ergometer on plasma BNP concentrations in 21 essential hypertension patients with LVH established by echocardiography. The ...
Engelke K A - - 1996
We tested the hypothesis that one bout of maximal exercise performed at the conclusion of prolonged simulated microgravity would improve blood pressure stability during an orthostatic challenge. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma renin activity (PRA), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), ...
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