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Fattor Jill A - - 2005
Catecholamine release is known to be regulated by feedforward and feedback mechanisms. Norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (Epi) concentrations rise in response to stresses, such as exercise, that challenge blood glucose homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothesis that the lactate anion is involved in feedback control ...
Takeda Yutaka - - 2004
Although the benefits of carvedilol in patients with heart failure and depressed ejection fraction (EF) have been elucidated, those in patients with preserved EF are not understood. We enrolled 40 patients with mild or moderate heart failure and EF >/=45%. They were randomly assigned to carvedilol (n = 19) or ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2004
The hemodynamic consequences of atrial fibrillation (AF) may lead to impairment of the left ventricular function and a reduction in exercise capacity. Studies on mechanical and neurohormonal remodelling in patients with AF are becoming increasingly important. The results could possibly enhance treatment strategies of these patients. The aim of this ...
de Groote Pascal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that A-type natriuretic peptide (ANP) at peak exercise was an independent predictor of cardiac survival. No data are available concerning the predictive value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) at peak exercise. METHODS: One hundred and fifty consecutive stable patients with moderate congestive heart failure (CHF) underwent ...
Meyer T - - 2004
Recently, in a cross-sectional study, a correlation of moderate degree was documented between serum BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it remains unknown if BNP, which increases in response to high myocardial wall stress, is sufficiently sensitive for changes in exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
We investigated whether a simple blood test of plasma N-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP), compared with echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), both measured at rest, correlated well with aerobic exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption [VO(2)]) in patients with chronic heart failure. Plasma N-BNP was found to significantly correlate with peak ...
Belin de Chantemele Eric - - 2004
Although various exercise regimens are commonly used as countermeasures to reduce the cardiovascular deconditioning induced by microgravity, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this study we aimed to test whether lower limb resistance exercise with flywheel technology can prevent the fluid homeostasis alterations induced by 90-day head-down tilt ...
Hood Sally G - - 2004
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) enhances cardiac vagal baroreflexes in normotensive animals. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) this effect of ANP was absent. The reflex actions of ANP were preserved if hypertrophy was completely prevented in SHRs. However even a small amount of cardiac hypertrophy, with no hypertension, in SHRs was ...
Abdulla Jawdat - - 2004
To review whether brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) can be used as a surrogate for the traditional methods of assessing functional status in interventional studies of patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The traditional methods for assessing functional status including New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, exercise intolerance and quality ...
Wenzel René R - - 2004
Moxonidine is an I1-imidazoline receptor agonist that reduces blood pressure by inhibition of central sympathetic activity. The effects of the drug under physical and mental stress have not been studied in detail. We investigated the effects of 0.4 mg moxonidine orally on sympathetic activity, blood pressure and heart rate in ...
Ku Yun-Hui - - 2004
In the central nervous system and the periphery, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and angiotensinII(AngII) play important and opposite roles in regulating blood pressure and fluid electrolyte balance. Their central mechanisms are unclear. In the brain the anteroventral third ventricle region (AV3V) contains the most prominent collection of atriopeptin-like immunoreactive perikarya. ...
Moro Cedric - - 2004
In humans, lipid mobilization is considered to depend mainly on sympathetic nervous system activation and catecholamine action. A contribution of ANP was hypothesized because we have previously shown that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a lipolytic agent on isolated human fat cells. Control of lipid-mobilizing mechanisms was investigated using in ...
Nakano Toshihide - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the midterm surgical outcomes of intra-atrial lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit total cavopulmonary connection to clarify the clinical superiority. METHODS: Patients (n = 167) underwent total cavopulmonary connection (88 with lateral tunnel and 79 with extracardiac conduit) from November 1991 to March 1999. Survival, incidence of reoperation ...
Marie Pierre-Yves - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify determinants of the exercise rise in plasma levels of cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: During stress, there is a variable rise in the plasma level of NPs, but this rise frequently reaches levels that are known to ...
Trøseid Marius - - 2004
AIMS: Inflammation plays an essential role in the atherosclerotic process, and chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) seem to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. A possible common inflammatory basis for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis has been ...
Mourot L - - 2004
Many studies have described the physiology of water immersion (WI), whereas few have focused on post WI physiology, which faces the global water loss of the large WI diuresis. Therefore, we compared hemodynamics and vasomotor tone in 10 trained supine divers before and after two 6h sessions in dry (DY) ...
Niessner Alexander - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Long-distance running results in considerable stress. Little evidence exists about the role of the atrial and brain natriuretic peptides, ANP and BNP, deriving from the myocardium. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of running 42.195 km on changes in circulating natriuretic propeptides and adrenocortical steroids. ...
Camsarl Ahmet - - 2003
In this study, the endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in slow coronary flow (SCF) patients were assessed before and at the peak of the exercise stress test and compared with the values from healthy controls. The study population was 25 patients who underwent coronary angiography and were diagnosed ...
Woods David - - 2004
The deletion (D) rather than insertion (I) allele of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with greater ACE activity. We examined: (1) the influence of posture change (recumbent to seated) and acute exercise on serum ACE and angiotensin II (Ang II) activity; (2) the relationship between ACE and Ang ...
Bartek Josef - - 2003
Natriuretic peptides can be used as markers of heart failure, its severity and also in the differential diagnosis of dyspnea. Moreover, the dynamics of natriuretic peptides in physical standardized exercise may be used in the assessment of latent heart failure. Can determination of NT-proBNP be used in the diagnosis of ...
König Daniel - - 2003
PURPOSE: Based on the determination of cardiac troponin (cTnT), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and echocardiographic measurements, recent investigations have reported myocardial damage and reversible cardiac dysfunction after prolonged endurance exercise in apparently healthy subjects. In the present study, we investigated the myocardial stress reaction in professional endurance athletes after strenuous ...
Heenan Aaron P - - 2003
This study tested the hypothesis that human pregnancy alters fluid and electrolyte regulation responses to acute short-term exercise. Responses of 22 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.0 +/- 0.2 wk) and 17 nonpregnant controls (CG) were compared at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ventilatory ...
Mischler Isabelle - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of prolonged exercise repeated for 4 days on sleeping heart rate (SHR) and metabolic rate (SMR). Eleven young untrained men exercised at moderate intensity 5 hrs daily for 4 days, alternately on a cycle ergometer (57.0 +/- 1.3% .VO2max) and ...
Febbraio Mark A - - 2003
The cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 can increase markedly in the circulation during exercise, but whether the liver is a source of this increase is unknown. The aim of this study was to measure IL-6 flux across the hepatosplanchnic tissues in humans. To elevate systemic concentrations of IL-6, six healthy male subjects ...
Palosuo Kati - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with wheat-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) experience recurrent anaphylactic reactions when exercising after ingestion of wheat products. We have identified omega-5 gliadin (Tri a 19) as a major allergen in WDEIA, but the role of exercise in eliciting the symptoms remains obscure. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine whether ...
Kreisman Stuart H - - 2003
Intense exercise (IE) (>80% O(2max)) causes a seven- to eightfold increase in glucose production (R(a)) and a fourfold increase in glucose uptake (R(d)), resulting in hyperglycemia, whereas moderate exercise (ME) causes both to double. If norepinephrine (NE) plus epinephrine (Epi) infusion during ME produces the plasma levels and R(a) of ...
Huang Wen-Sheng - - 2002
Circulating brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has recently served as a marker of left ventricular dysfunction, while treadmill exercise has been used clinically for assessing cardiac problems. The current study was undertaken to investigate the possible effect of exercise on circulating BNP concentrations. A total of 138 blood samples from 23 ...
Khan Mazhar H - - 2002
Exposure to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) leads to an increased activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and an increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). In this study, we examined the relationship between MSNA and interstitial norepinephrine (NE(i)) concentrations during LBNP. Twelve healthy volunteers were studied (26 +/- ...
Lim Pitt O - - 2002
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is increased and it is also released during exercise in hypertension, but its biologic role is unclear. However, since BNP is released from the left ventricule and it is known to reduce left ventricular filling pressure, it is possible that it exerts a favorable effect on ...
Shibata M M Laboratory of Health and Sports Science, Faculty of Nursing, College of Nursing Art and Science, Hyogo, Japan. - - 2002
The purposes of this study were to examine a new method to determine exercise intensity for obese people based on the cardiac vagal activity and to determine the effect of this approach on myocardial stress. Forty-three middle aged obese female volunteers (age 43.7+/-6.5 y; height 1.56+/-0.05 m; body mass 66.5+/-9.3 ...
Krüger Stefan - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine if brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are associated with exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Plasma levels of BNP are increased subject to the degree of systolic and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic HF. ...
McDowell G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are frequently measured in patients with chronic cardiac failure (CCF). We set out to compare the variability of atrial natriuretic peptide (C-ANP) and its precursor N-terminal pro-ANP (Nt-proANP) to decide which would be more suitable for routine use. METHODS: Ten males with compensated CCF (age range 62-76 ...
Pörsti Ilkka - - 2002
Endurance training increases natriuretic peptide synthesis in the hypertrophied myocardium of spontaneously hypertensive rats. We examined the effects of 22-week-long treadmill exercise on plasma and tissue atrial natriuretic peptide in Zucker rats, a model of genetic obesity and moderate hypertension without clear cardiac hypertrophy. The blood pressures of the animals ...
Kentner Rainer - - 2002
Previous studies have suggested benefit of mild hypothermia during hemorrhagic shock (HS). This finding needs additional confirmation and investigation into possible mechanisms. Proinflammatory cytokines are mediators of multiple organ failure following traumatic hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. We hypothesized that mild hypothermia would improve survival from HS and may affect the ...
Ronsen Ola - - 2002
The impact of repeated bouts of exercise on plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was examined. Nine well-trained men participated in four different 24-h trials: Long [two bouts of exercise, at 0800-0915 and afternoon exercise (Ex-A), separated by 6 h]; Short (two bouts, at 1100-1215 and ...
Nakamura Tomoki - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We measured plasma atrial/brain natriuretic peptide (ANP/BNP) levels at rest and during exercise and correlated the results with various clinical findings, particularly with myocardial ischemia, in asymptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: In patients with HCM, ANP and BNP levels are elevated and exercise-induced myocardial ischemia is common. However, it ...
Edwards John G - - 2002
Increased ventricular ANF-mRNA is observed as a compensating mechanism in response to many forms of overload including chronic exercise. It is unknown if exercise-induced increases in ANF expression are mediated at the transcriptional level and whether specific cis-element(s) may be involved. To study this, rats were injected with several different ...
Kokkonen U M - - 2002
Previous data show that, in horses, plasma atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP and NT-ANP) remain elevated for a long time after exercise. To study whether exercise-induced changes in hormonal and fluid balance explain this, we measured plasma concentrations of COOH- and NH2-terminal atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP(99-129) and NT-ANP(1-98) together with arginine ...
McNairy Matthew - - 2002
BACKGROUND: B-natriuretic peptide (BNP), a neurohormone secreted from the cardiac ventricles, reflects left ventricular pressure and correlates to disease severity and prognosis. The fact that BNP levels can now be measured by a rapid assay suggests its potential usefulness in the outpatient clinic. However, if patient activity were to markedly ...
Svarstad E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Increased physical activity is followed by a stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and this effect is probably more pronounced in patients with chronic renal failure and hypertension than in healthy controls. The role of sustained exercise in hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure, with and without antihypertensive therapy, ...
Bentzen H - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to quantify the influence of training habits on the changes in plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and urine aquaporin-2 (u-AQP2) during exercise by studying trained and untrained healthy subjects. Eleven trained subjects (7 males, 4 females) and 10 untrained ...
Isobe F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atrial transport and atrial natriuretic peptide secretion is severely reduced from normal after the maze III procedure. To improve these factors, we developed a bilateral appendage-preserving maze procedure (BAP-maze). METHODS: Forty-six patients with chronic atrial fibrillation who underwent the BAP-maze procedure were compared with 40 patients who underwent the ...
Warren J H - - 2001
The authors tested the hypothesis that angiotensin II modulates cardiovascular responses to dynamic exercise via peripheral and central effects on the autonomic nervous system. Ten subjects performed three identical exercise tests during treatment with placebo, valsartan (an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker), or enalapril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor). With ...
Klinger J R - - 2001
To test the hypothesis that reduced oxygen tension stimulates cardiac atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion, we measured ANP release and expression in neonatal rat atrial and ventricular cardiac myocytes exposed to 45 min and 3, 6, and 24 hr of 3% or 21% oxygen. In atrial cardiocytes, the percentage of ...
Roy B D - - 2001
To investigate the hypothesis that a reduction in plasma volume (PV) induced by diuretic administration would result in an increase in the fluid and electrolyte hormonal response to exercise, ten untrained males (VO(2) peak = 3.96 +/- 0.14 l/min) performed 60 min of cycle ergometry at 61 % VO(2) peak ...
Yousufuddin M - - 2001
Chronic heart failure (CHF) studies investigating the clinical, hemodynamic, and therapeutic importance of endothelin-1 (ET-1), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are largely based on resting plasma levels, which may vary with prior exertion and postprandial status. This study investigated the importance of peak-exercise plasma levels of ...
Pawlicki L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to assess the impact of left ventricular mass on the resting and post-exercise release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in healthy young men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 36 young men divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 18 healthy untrained ...
Wu X - - 2001
To determine whether plasma ANP and/or BNP levels can be used to detect limitations in daily physical activity after pacemaker implantation, we measured plasma ANP and BNP levels at a pacemaker follow-up clinic in 56 patients (62+/-15 yrs, 2AAI, 9VVI, 34DDD, 7VDD and 4 rate-responsive modes), daily physical activity evaluated ...
Tom B B Department of Pharmacology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The - - 2001
ACE inhibitors block B(2) receptor desensitization, thereby potentiating bradykinin beyond blocking its hydrolysis. Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) also acts as an ACE inhibitor and, in addition, may stimulate bradykinin release via angiotensin II type 2 receptors. In this study we compared the bradykinin-potentiating effects of Ang-(1-7), quinaprilat, and captopril. Porcine coronary arteries, ...
Nielsen H B - - 2001
The circulating immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (C-terminal; alpha-ANP) increases during exercise to become suppressed in the first hours of the recovery. The response of the N-terminal ANP fragments to acute exercise is not known while proANP (31-67) appears to be elevated with chronic exercise. We evaluated the plasma concentrations of ...
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