Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 734
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Iltumur Kenan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a neurohormone, is secreted predominantly from the ventricular myocardium. Studies investigating BNP secretion in diseases affecting the right side of the heart are scarce. The relationship between N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) and echocardiographic and clinical findings was studied in cases with ...
Arbeille Philippe P - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the portal vein cross-sectional area (PV CSA) and flow during a stand test associated with orthostatic intolerance. Eighteen subjects underwent a 90-day head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest at 6 degrees: 9 controls (Con) and 9 with flywheel exercise countermeasures ...
Potts Jeffrey T - - 2006
Inhibitory neurotransmission plays a crucial role in the processing of sensory afferent signals in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). The aim of this review is to provide a critical overview of inhibitory mechanisms that may be responsible for altering arterial baroreflex function during physical activity or exercise. Over ...
Engelmann Mads D M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) information regarding exercise release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is sparse and data on plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) response to exercise is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma ANP and BNP response to exercise in patients with permanent ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2006
Adult patients after surgical repair of Fallot's tetralogy usually present with satisfactory exercise capacity years after the original procedure, though they never tolerate as high levels of exercise as their healthy counterparts. The aim of the study was to assess exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress test and BNP levels in ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ebstein's anomaly is defined as the significant apical displacement of the part of the tricuspid valve causing significant tricuspid regurgitation and reduction of the functional right ventricle. The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress testing and to determine plasma BNP levels in adults ...
Dore Annie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological blockade of the renin-angiotensin system improves exercise tolerance in patients with left ventricular dysfunction, yet its impact on patients with systemic right ventricles (RVs) remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial was performed to assess the effects of losartan on exercise capacity ...
Win Htut Kyaw - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia leads to changes in regional wall stress. Induction of ischemia during a treadmill exercise, although brief, may lead to transient elevation in the plasma level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) from baseline levels, which could serve as a biochemical marker of myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Sixty subjects (mean ...
Schuetz Yannic B - - 2005
The feasibility of delivering triptorelin ([D-Trp6]LHRH) by transdermal iontophoresis was evaluated in vitro. Peptide electrotransport at different current densities and donor concentrations was measured across porcine ear skin. The concomitant delivery of an electroosmotic marker enabled calculation of the respective contributions of electromigration (EM) and electroosmosis (EO) to iontophoretic delivery. ...
Huang P-H - - 2006
To investigate the role of endothelial function, inflammatory markers, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with impaired chronotropic response during exercise test. 86 subjects were enrolled. Treadmill exercise test was conducted according to the modified Bruce protocols. Brachial ultrasound was used to measure endothelium dependent flow mediated vasodilatation ...
Neumayr Guenther - - 2005
For a further depiction of exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) were measured in recreational cyclists (n = 29) during the Otztal Radmarathon 2004. In all subjects, NT-pro-BNP significantly increased from 28 +/- 21 to 278 +/- 152 ng/L immediately after the race ...
Inai Kei - - 2005
AIMS: We tested the hypothesis that neurohumoral activation could correlate with exercise tolerance and have a prognostic value in patients late after Fontan operation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 50 consecutive patients after the Fontan operation and 10 age-matched normal controls. We measured brain and atrial natriuretic peptides, norepinephrine (NE), ...
Lafontan Max - - 2005
In normal and obese humans, lipid mobilization and systemic nonesterified fatty acid levels are thought to be acutely controlled by catecholamines (ie, epinephrine and norepinephrine) and insulin. Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are known to play a key role in the regulation of salt and water balance and blood pressure homeostasis. They ...
Passino Claudio - - 2006
Heart failure (HF) is characterised by reduced tolerance to effort, associated with progressive fatigue and dyspnoea. Neuro-hormonal activation is a hallmark of HF and influences its clinical evolution. To evaluate the relationship between neuro-hormonal activation, exercise capacity and ventilatory efficiency. 154 HF patients (127 males, 62 +/- 1 years) underwent ...
Cataliotti Alessandro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to address the feasibility and the biological activity of orally administered human brain natriuretic peptide (hBNP). Proprietary technology has been developed in which short, amphiphilic oligomers are covalently attached to peptides. The conjugated peptides are intended to have an improved pharmacokinetic profile and ...
Niedeggen Andreas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Objective assessment of the cardiopulmonary capacity in patients with complex congenital cardiac disease often remains difficult in clinical practice. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and determination of the levels of brain natriuretic peptide in the plasma are established tests, but expensive. The 6-minute walk test is also validated, but has ...
Scardovi A B - - 2005
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate if brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, a cardiac neurohormone well correlated with prognosis in chronic heart failure (CHF), are associated with enhanced ventilatory response to exercise, in ambulatory patients with intermediate peak oxygen uptake (PVO2). METHODS: Resting BNP was measured in 129 ...
Peteiro-Vázquez Jesús J Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Juan Canalejo, A Coruña, - - 2005
Exercise echocardiography (EE) is useful for diagnosing coronary disease, but little is known about its value for risk stratification. We aimed to determine: a) whether data from EE supplemented clinical data and data from exercise testing and resting echocardiography in predicting cardiac events; and b) whether the number and location ...
Schou Morten - - 2005
Renal metabolism of the cardiac marker NH2-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been suggested. Therefore, we determined the renal extraction ratios of NT-proBNP and its bioactive coproduct brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) at rest and during exercise. In addition, the cerebral ratios were evaluated. Ten young healthy men were investigated at baseline, ...
Ohuchi Hideo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes in plasma volume (deltaPV) during exercise in patients with single ventricular physiology with cyanosis; post-Fontan patients; and in patients after right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR). BACKGROUND: Compensatory mechanisms which regulate body fluid volumes operate in heart failure patients to maintain blood pressure. A better understanding ...
Moro Cedric - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate whether a 4-month endurance training program could improve ANP- as well as isoproterenol-mediated (beta-adrenergic receptor agonist) in situ lipolysis and adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) of untrained overweight subjects. METHODS: Ten overweight men aged 26.0 +/- 1.4 ...
Yeo Kiang-Teck J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the current medical literature that pertained to the question of whether myocardial ischemia triggers the release of B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs) and, in particular, whether transient exercise-induced ischemia can be detected by the measurement of changes in these biomarkers. BNPs are well-established as markers of left ventricular ...
Ishii Haruka - - 2005
Elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been associated with ventricular dysfunction, and exercise tests have been used for assessing cardiac contractile reserve. We examined the relation between BNP and right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve during exercise in patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). A total of ...
Peltoniemi O A T - - 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether the seasonal delay in puberty in autumn is driven by individual differences in night-time melatonin secretion in domestic gilts at the attainment of puberty. A group of spring-born gilts (n = 30) were expected to reach puberty in autumn by the age of ...
Tschöpe Carsten - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of brain natriuretic peptides in the detection of mild forms of isolated diastolic dysfunction is still uncertain. We therefore investigated the plasma levels of the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with heart failure symptoms during exercise, despite preserved systolic cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen ...
Nathoo S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have noted the common presentation of pituitary tumours with significant headache. This has been considered to be one, or a combination of, increased cranial pressure, tumour size with dural stretch, or cavernous sinus invasion. Newer hypotheses suggest an association between the presence of pituitary tumour-associated headaches and ...
Pinarli F Güçlü - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of anthracycline antibiotics is limited by their cardiotoxicity. Electrocardiography, exercise testing, and two-dimensional echocardiography are non-invasive techniques used in the follow-up of children for cardiotoxicity. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are thought to be useful markers in the early detection of AC induced cardiomyopathy. PROCEDURE: ...
Brookes Zoë L S - - 2005
We developed a novel model using fluorescent intravital microscopy to study the effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on the extrasplenic microcirculation. Continuous infusion of ANP into the splenic artery (10 ng min(-1) for 60 min) of male Long-Evans rats (220-250 g, n = 24) induced constriction of the splenic ...
Gempp Emmanuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is a promising cardiac natriuretic peptide used as a clinical hormonal marker in cardiac dysfunction. The main stimulus for N-BNP synthesis and secretion is cardiac wall stress, which is recognized as a common denominator of many cardiac diseases. Diving is associated with ...
Shanshan Pan - - 2005
To study the effect of exercise on gene expression of natriuretic peptide receptors (NPRs) in the kidney, with in situ hybridization and the computerized image analysis, we investigated the alterations of gene expression of NPRs on the animal model of exercise training of different intensity. We found that after exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
Whether plasma N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is useful in the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) depends traditionally on whether it is as good as the putative 'gold-standard', left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), in indicating cardiac dysfunction. However, since HF is primarily an impairment of function of the cardiac pump, ...
Woodrum Derek T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is common during parathyroidectomy. We hypothesized that sample site (peripheral vs central vein) may impact IOPTH interpretation. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients underwent curative parathyroidectomy for single-gland disease. IOPTH was drawn peripherally (PV) in 114 patients and centrally (CV, jugular vein) in 87 ...
Foote Robert S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise-induced ischemia on levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its inactive N-terminal fragment (NT-pro-BNP)and to determine whether measurement of these peptides can improve the diagnostic accuracy of exercise testing. BACKGROUND: The ability of exercise testing to detect ...
Sabatine Marc S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of transient myocardial ischemia on circulating natriuretic peptide levels. BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are released by the heart in response to wall stress. We hypothesized that transient myocardial ischemia would cause acute changes in circulating natriuretic peptide levels. METHODS: B-type ...
Krieter Detlef H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mid-dilution haemodiafiltration (HDF) results in an improved middle molecule removal compared with standard HDF. The OLpur MD 190 haemodiafilter represents a new dialyser design exclusively for mid-dilution on-line HDF. Compared with standard haemodialysers, structural changes in the headers allow the infusion of high replacement fluid volumes after a first ...
Patrianakos Alexander P - - 2004
Although heart failure (HF) is characterized by increased proinflammatory cytokines, natriuretic peptide levels and impaired exercise capacity, the effect of concomitant diastolic dysfunction on those parameters has not been adequately studied. We analyzed circulating levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha and its soluble receptors, sTNFRI and sTNFRII, Nt-ANP and Nt-BNP natriuretic ...
Yui Kunio - - 2004
The role of dopaminergic activity in susceptibility of methamphetamine (MAP) psychosis (flashbacks) to subsequent spontaneous recurrences was studied. Plasma monoamine metabolite levels were assayed in 23 flashbackers, of whom 10 experienced a single flashback, 8 exhibited subsequent flashbacks and 5 with the last episode; 18 nonflashbackers with a history of ...
van den Berg Maarten P - - 2004
This review focuses on the relation between atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). ANP is produced by the atria secondary to atrial stretch. By causing atrial stretch, acute AF leads to an increase in plasma ANP concentration, which serves to normalize haemodynamics through natriuresis and vasodilation. However, data ...
Fattor Jill A - - 2005
Catecholamine release is known to be regulated by feedforward and feedback mechanisms. Norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (Epi) concentrations rise in response to stresses, such as exercise, that challenge blood glucose homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothesis that the lactate anion is involved in feedback control ...
Takeda Yutaka - - 2004
Although the benefits of carvedilol in patients with heart failure and depressed ejection fraction (EF) have been elucidated, those in patients with preserved EF are not understood. We enrolled 40 patients with mild or moderate heart failure and EF >/=45%. They were randomly assigned to carvedilol (n = 19) or ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2004
The hemodynamic consequences of atrial fibrillation (AF) may lead to impairment of the left ventricular function and a reduction in exercise capacity. Studies on mechanical and neurohormonal remodelling in patients with AF are becoming increasingly important. The results could possibly enhance treatment strategies of these patients. The aim of this ...
de Groote Pascal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that A-type natriuretic peptide (ANP) at peak exercise was an independent predictor of cardiac survival. No data are available concerning the predictive value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) at peak exercise. METHODS: One hundred and fifty consecutive stable patients with moderate congestive heart failure (CHF) underwent ...
Meyer T - - 2004
Recently, in a cross-sectional study, a correlation of moderate degree was documented between serum BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it remains unknown if BNP, which increases in response to high myocardial wall stress, is sufficiently sensitive for changes in exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
We investigated whether a simple blood test of plasma N-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP), compared with echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), both measured at rest, correlated well with aerobic exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption [VO(2)]) in patients with chronic heart failure. Plasma N-BNP was found to significantly correlate with peak ...
Belin de Chantemele Eric - - 2004
Although various exercise regimens are commonly used as countermeasures to reduce the cardiovascular deconditioning induced by microgravity, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this study we aimed to test whether lower limb resistance exercise with flywheel technology can prevent the fluid homeostasis alterations induced by 90-day head-down tilt ...
Hood Sally G - - 2004
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) enhances cardiac vagal baroreflexes in normotensive animals. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) this effect of ANP was absent. The reflex actions of ANP were preserved if hypertrophy was completely prevented in SHRs. However even a small amount of cardiac hypertrophy, with no hypertension, in SHRs was ...
Abdulla Jawdat - - 2004
To review whether brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) can be used as a surrogate for the traditional methods of assessing functional status in interventional studies of patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The traditional methods for assessing functional status including New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, exercise intolerance and quality ...
Wenzel René R - - 2004
Moxonidine is an I1-imidazoline receptor agonist that reduces blood pressure by inhibition of central sympathetic activity. The effects of the drug under physical and mental stress have not been studied in detail. We investigated the effects of 0.4 mg moxonidine orally on sympathetic activity, blood pressure and heart rate in ...
Ku Yun-Hui - - 2004
In the central nervous system and the periphery, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and angiotensinII(AngII) play important and opposite roles in regulating blood pressure and fluid electrolyte balance. Their central mechanisms are unclear. In the brain the anteroventral third ventricle region (AV3V) contains the most prominent collection of atriopeptin-like immunoreactive perikarya. ...
Moro Cedric - - 2004
In humans, lipid mobilization is considered to depend mainly on sympathetic nervous system activation and catecholamine action. A contribution of ANP was hypothesized because we have previously shown that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a lipolytic agent on isolated human fat cells. Control of lipid-mobilizing mechanisms was investigated using in ...
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