Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 712
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Ishii Haruka - - 2005
Elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been associated with ventricular dysfunction, and exercise tests have been used for assessing cardiac contractile reserve. We examined the relation between BNP and right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve during exercise in patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). A total of ...
Peltoniemi O A T - - 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether the seasonal delay in puberty in autumn is driven by individual differences in night-time melatonin secretion in domestic gilts at the attainment of puberty. A group of spring-born gilts (n = 30) were expected to reach puberty in autumn by the age of ...
Tschöpe Carsten - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of brain natriuretic peptides in the detection of mild forms of isolated diastolic dysfunction is still uncertain. We therefore investigated the plasma levels of the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with heart failure symptoms during exercise, despite preserved systolic cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen ...
Nathoo S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have noted the common presentation of pituitary tumours with significant headache. This has been considered to be one, or a combination of, increased cranial pressure, tumour size with dural stretch, or cavernous sinus invasion. Newer hypotheses suggest an association between the presence of pituitary tumour-associated headaches and ...
Pinarli F Güçlü - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of anthracycline antibiotics is limited by their cardiotoxicity. Electrocardiography, exercise testing, and two-dimensional echocardiography are non-invasive techniques used in the follow-up of children for cardiotoxicity. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are thought to be useful markers in the early detection of AC induced cardiomyopathy. PROCEDURE: ...
Brookes Zoë L S - - 2005
We developed a novel model using fluorescent intravital microscopy to study the effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on the extrasplenic microcirculation. Continuous infusion of ANP into the splenic artery (10 ng min(-1) for 60 min) of male Long-Evans rats (220-250 g, n = 24) induced constriction of the splenic ...
Gempp Emmanuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is a promising cardiac natriuretic peptide used as a clinical hormonal marker in cardiac dysfunction. The main stimulus for N-BNP synthesis and secretion is cardiac wall stress, which is recognized as a common denominator of many cardiac diseases. Diving is associated with ...
Shanshan Pan - - 2005
To study the effect of exercise on gene expression of natriuretic peptide receptors (NPRs) in the kidney, with in situ hybridization and the computerized image analysis, we investigated the alterations of gene expression of NPRs on the animal model of exercise training of different intensity. We found that after exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
Whether plasma N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is useful in the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) depends traditionally on whether it is as good as the putative 'gold-standard', left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), in indicating cardiac dysfunction. However, since HF is primarily an impairment of function of the cardiac pump, ...
Woodrum Derek T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is common during parathyroidectomy. We hypothesized that sample site (peripheral vs central vein) may impact IOPTH interpretation. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients underwent curative parathyroidectomy for single-gland disease. IOPTH was drawn peripherally (PV) in 114 patients and centrally (CV, jugular vein) in 87 ...
Foote Robert S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise-induced ischemia on levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its inactive N-terminal fragment (NT-pro-BNP)and to determine whether measurement of these peptides can improve the diagnostic accuracy of exercise testing. BACKGROUND: The ability of exercise testing to detect ...
Sabatine Marc S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of transient myocardial ischemia on circulating natriuretic peptide levels. BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are released by the heart in response to wall stress. We hypothesized that transient myocardial ischemia would cause acute changes in circulating natriuretic peptide levels. METHODS: B-type ...
Krieter Detlef H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mid-dilution haemodiafiltration (HDF) results in an improved middle molecule removal compared with standard HDF. The OLpur MD 190 haemodiafilter represents a new dialyser design exclusively for mid-dilution on-line HDF. Compared with standard haemodialysers, structural changes in the headers allow the infusion of high replacement fluid volumes after a first ...
Patrianakos Alexander P - - 2004
Although heart failure (HF) is characterized by increased proinflammatory cytokines, natriuretic peptide levels and impaired exercise capacity, the effect of concomitant diastolic dysfunction on those parameters has not been adequately studied. We analyzed circulating levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha and its soluble receptors, sTNFRI and sTNFRII, Nt-ANP and Nt-BNP natriuretic ...
Yui Kunio - - 2004
The role of dopaminergic activity in susceptibility of methamphetamine (MAP) psychosis (flashbacks) to subsequent spontaneous recurrences was studied. Plasma monoamine metabolite levels were assayed in 23 flashbackers, of whom 10 experienced a single flashback, 8 exhibited subsequent flashbacks and 5 with the last episode; 18 nonflashbackers with a history of ...
van den Berg Maarten P - - 2004
This review focuses on the relation between atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). ANP is produced by the atria secondary to atrial stretch. By causing atrial stretch, acute AF leads to an increase in plasma ANP concentration, which serves to normalize haemodynamics through natriuresis and vasodilation. However, data ...
Fattor Jill A - - 2005
Catecholamine release is known to be regulated by feedforward and feedback mechanisms. Norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (Epi) concentrations rise in response to stresses, such as exercise, that challenge blood glucose homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothesis that the lactate anion is involved in feedback control ...
Takeda Yutaka - - 2004
Although the benefits of carvedilol in patients with heart failure and depressed ejection fraction (EF) have been elucidated, those in patients with preserved EF are not understood. We enrolled 40 patients with mild or moderate heart failure and EF >/=45%. They were randomly assigned to carvedilol (n = 19) or ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2004
The hemodynamic consequences of atrial fibrillation (AF) may lead to impairment of the left ventricular function and a reduction in exercise capacity. Studies on mechanical and neurohormonal remodelling in patients with AF are becoming increasingly important. The results could possibly enhance treatment strategies of these patients. The aim of this ...
de Groote Pascal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that A-type natriuretic peptide (ANP) at peak exercise was an independent predictor of cardiac survival. No data are available concerning the predictive value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) at peak exercise. METHODS: One hundred and fifty consecutive stable patients with moderate congestive heart failure (CHF) underwent ...
Meyer T - - 2004
Recently, in a cross-sectional study, a correlation of moderate degree was documented between serum BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it remains unknown if BNP, which increases in response to high myocardial wall stress, is sufficiently sensitive for changes in exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
We investigated whether a simple blood test of plasma N-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP), compared with echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), both measured at rest, correlated well with aerobic exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption [VO(2)]) in patients with chronic heart failure. Plasma N-BNP was found to significantly correlate with peak ...
Belin de Chantemele Eric - - 2004
Although various exercise regimens are commonly used as countermeasures to reduce the cardiovascular deconditioning induced by microgravity, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this study we aimed to test whether lower limb resistance exercise with flywheel technology can prevent the fluid homeostasis alterations induced by 90-day head-down tilt ...
Hood Sally G - - 2004
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) enhances cardiac vagal baroreflexes in normotensive animals. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) this effect of ANP was absent. The reflex actions of ANP were preserved if hypertrophy was completely prevented in SHRs. However even a small amount of cardiac hypertrophy, with no hypertension, in SHRs was ...
Abdulla Jawdat - - 2004
To review whether brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) can be used as a surrogate for the traditional methods of assessing functional status in interventional studies of patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The traditional methods for assessing functional status including New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, exercise intolerance and quality ...
Wenzel René R - - 2004
Moxonidine is an I1-imidazoline receptor agonist that reduces blood pressure by inhibition of central sympathetic activity. The effects of the drug under physical and mental stress have not been studied in detail. We investigated the effects of 0.4 mg moxonidine orally on sympathetic activity, blood pressure and heart rate in ...
Ku Yun-Hui - - 2004
In the central nervous system and the periphery, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and angiotensinII(AngII) play important and opposite roles in regulating blood pressure and fluid electrolyte balance. Their central mechanisms are unclear. In the brain the anteroventral third ventricle region (AV3V) contains the most prominent collection of atriopeptin-like immunoreactive perikarya. ...
Moro Cedric - - 2004
In humans, lipid mobilization is considered to depend mainly on sympathetic nervous system activation and catecholamine action. A contribution of ANP was hypothesized because we have previously shown that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a lipolytic agent on isolated human fat cells. Control of lipid-mobilizing mechanisms was investigated using in ...
Nakano Toshihide - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the midterm surgical outcomes of intra-atrial lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit total cavopulmonary connection to clarify the clinical superiority. METHODS: Patients (n = 167) underwent total cavopulmonary connection (88 with lateral tunnel and 79 with extracardiac conduit) from November 1991 to March 1999. Survival, incidence of reoperation ...
Marie Pierre-Yves - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify determinants of the exercise rise in plasma levels of cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: During stress, there is a variable rise in the plasma level of NPs, but this rise frequently reaches levels that are known to ...
Trøseid Marius - - 2004
AIMS: Inflammation plays an essential role in the atherosclerotic process, and chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) seem to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. A possible common inflammatory basis for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis has been ...
Mourot L - - 2004
Many studies have described the physiology of water immersion (WI), whereas few have focused on post WI physiology, which faces the global water loss of the large WI diuresis. Therefore, we compared hemodynamics and vasomotor tone in 10 trained supine divers before and after two 6h sessions in dry (DY) ...
Niessner Alexander - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Long-distance running results in considerable stress. Little evidence exists about the role of the atrial and brain natriuretic peptides, ANP and BNP, deriving from the myocardium. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of running 42.195 km on changes in circulating natriuretic propeptides and adrenocortical steroids. ...
Camsarl Ahmet - - 2003
In this study, the endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in slow coronary flow (SCF) patients were assessed before and at the peak of the exercise stress test and compared with the values from healthy controls. The study population was 25 patients who underwent coronary angiography and were diagnosed ...
Woods David - - 2004
The deletion (D) rather than insertion (I) allele of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with greater ACE activity. We examined: (1) the influence of posture change (recumbent to seated) and acute exercise on serum ACE and angiotensin II (Ang II) activity; (2) the relationship between ACE and Ang ...
Bartek Josef - - 2003
Natriuretic peptides can be used as markers of heart failure, its severity and also in the differential diagnosis of dyspnea. Moreover, the dynamics of natriuretic peptides in physical standardized exercise may be used in the assessment of latent heart failure. Can determination of NT-proBNP be used in the diagnosis of ...
König Daniel - - 2003
PURPOSE: Based on the determination of cardiac troponin (cTnT), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and echocardiographic measurements, recent investigations have reported myocardial damage and reversible cardiac dysfunction after prolonged endurance exercise in apparently healthy subjects. In the present study, we investigated the myocardial stress reaction in professional endurance athletes after strenuous ...
Heenan Aaron P - - 2003
This study tested the hypothesis that human pregnancy alters fluid and electrolyte regulation responses to acute short-term exercise. Responses of 22 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.0 +/- 0.2 wk) and 17 nonpregnant controls (CG) were compared at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ventilatory ...
Mischler Isabelle - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of prolonged exercise repeated for 4 days on sleeping heart rate (SHR) and metabolic rate (SMR). Eleven young untrained men exercised at moderate intensity 5 hrs daily for 4 days, alternately on a cycle ergometer (57.0 +/- 1.3% .VO2max) and ...
Febbraio Mark A - - 2003
The cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 can increase markedly in the circulation during exercise, but whether the liver is a source of this increase is unknown. The aim of this study was to measure IL-6 flux across the hepatosplanchnic tissues in humans. To elevate systemic concentrations of IL-6, six healthy male subjects ...
Palosuo Kati - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with wheat-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) experience recurrent anaphylactic reactions when exercising after ingestion of wheat products. We have identified omega-5 gliadin (Tri a 19) as a major allergen in WDEIA, but the role of exercise in eliciting the symptoms remains obscure. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine whether ...
Kreisman Stuart H - - 2003
Intense exercise (IE) (>80% O(2max)) causes a seven- to eightfold increase in glucose production (R(a)) and a fourfold increase in glucose uptake (R(d)), resulting in hyperglycemia, whereas moderate exercise (ME) causes both to double. If norepinephrine (NE) plus epinephrine (Epi) infusion during ME produces the plasma levels and R(a) of ...
Huang Wen-Sheng - - 2002
Circulating brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has recently served as a marker of left ventricular dysfunction, while treadmill exercise has been used clinically for assessing cardiac problems. The current study was undertaken to investigate the possible effect of exercise on circulating BNP concentrations. A total of 138 blood samples from 23 ...
Khan Mazhar H - - 2002
Exposure to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) leads to an increased activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and an increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). In this study, we examined the relationship between MSNA and interstitial norepinephrine (NE(i)) concentrations during LBNP. Twelve healthy volunteers were studied (26 +/- ...
Shibata M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to examine a new method to determine exercise intensity for obese people based on the cardiac vagal activity and to determine the effect of this approach on myocardial stress. SUBJECTS: Forty-three middle aged obese female volunteers (age 43.7+/-6.5 y; height 1.56+/-0.05 m; body ...
Lim Pitt O - - 2002
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is increased and it is also released during exercise in hypertension, but its biologic role is unclear. However, since BNP is released from the left ventricule and it is known to reduce left ventricular filling pressure, it is possible that it exerts a favorable effect on ...
Krüger Stefan - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine if brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are associated with exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Plasma levels of BNP are increased subject to the degree of systolic and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic HF. ...
McDowell G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are frequently measured in patients with chronic cardiac failure (CCF). We set out to compare the variability of atrial natriuretic peptide (C-ANP) and its precursor N-terminal pro-ANP (Nt-proANP) to decide which would be more suitable for routine use. METHODS: Ten males with compensated CCF (age range 62-76 ...
Pörsti Ilkka - - 2002
Endurance training increases natriuretic peptide synthesis in the hypertrophied myocardium of spontaneously hypertensive rats. We examined the effects of 22-week-long treadmill exercise on plasma and tissue atrial natriuretic peptide in Zucker rats, a model of genetic obesity and moderate hypertension without clear cardiac hypertrophy. The blood pressures of the animals ...
Kentner Rainer - - 2002
Previous studies have suggested benefit of mild hypothermia during hemorrhagic shock (HS). This finding needs additional confirmation and investigation into possible mechanisms. Proinflammatory cytokines are mediators of multiple organ failure following traumatic hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. We hypothesized that mild hypothermia would improve survival from HS and may affect the ...
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