Search Results
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Suda, Kazuhiro
SUDA, K., HAGIWARA, H., KOMABAYASHI, T., IZAWA, T., IMAI, H., HAYASHI, T. and ERA, s., Effect of Acute Exercise on ANP-Induced Inhibition of Aldosterone Release in Rat Adrenals. Abv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.10, No.2 pp.43-47, 2004. We intide (ANP)-induced inhibition of aldosterone release in rat adrenals. The rats ran on ...
Kraemer William J - - 2006
Proenkephalin peptide F [107-140] is an enkephalin-containing peptide found predominantly within the adrenal medulla and is co-packaged with epinephrine within adrenal medullary chromaffin granules. Peptide F has been shown to have the classic opioid analgesia effects along with immune cell interactions. This is only the second peptide F study in ...
Jensen J K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The exact time-course of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and the prognostic importance in the immediate phase of ischemic stroke have not been established. METHODS: NT-proBNP was measured daily from admission to day 5 and again at 6-month follow-up in 250 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke. RESULTS: NT-proBNP ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2006
Adults with patent atrial septal defect (ASD) usually find their exercise capacity satisfactory, and therefore hesitate to accept proposed surgical treatment of the heart disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate both the exercise capacity, using the cardio-pulmonary stress test, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in asymptomatic ...
Neumayr G - - 2005
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine in the early phase of human immune response to microbial infections. The influence of strenuous exercise on the intrinsic balance of IL-18 and its endogenous antagonist IL-18 binding protein (IL-18 BP) is unknown, but could be of major relevance for the athlete's ...
Banfi G - - 2005
AIM: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardioactive molecule produced in the myocardium. BNP is a sensitive marker of cardiac failure and its measurement in blood could be useful to the diagnosis and the treatment of this disease. Sporting activities, especially endurance ones, can induce cardiac problems, owing to the ...
Nakamae Hirohisa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are three distinct types of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity (acute, chronic, and late-onset). Although previous studies with animal models suggest that angiotensin II plays a key role in the process of the doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, there has been no such observation in humans. This randomized study investigated whether valsartan, a new ...
Scharhag J?rgen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although elevated resting brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations reflect heart disease, the meaning of exercise-induced increases is poorly understood and has been examined in small groups only. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the increase in N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and relations to cardiac troponin I and ...
Gould P A - - 2006
The determinants of release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in heart failure (HF) are incompletely understood, particularly, the effect of heart rhythm and haemodynamic stress. To investigate the effect of haemodynamic stress on cardiac BNP release in HF and differentiate this response for atrial fibrillation (AF) and sinus rhythm (SR). ...
Moro Cédric - - 2006
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) controls lipolysis in human adipocytes. Lipid mobilization is increased during repeated bouts of exercise, but the underlying mechanisms involved in this process have not yet been delineated. The relative involvement of catecholamine- and ANP-dependent pathways in the control of lipid mobilization during repeated bouts of exercise ...
Itoh Kae - - 2005
We investigated the correlations between exercise intolerance and the plasma levels of neurohormonal factors and proinflammatory cytokines in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Sixty-two CHF patients who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) were enrolled in this study. Peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) and the plasma concentrations of noradrenaline (NA), brain ...
Staub Daniel - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels to detect myocardial ischemia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in 260 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for rest/ergometry myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography. Levels of NT-proBNP were determined before and immediately after ...
Iltumur Kenan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a neurohormone, is secreted predominantly from the ventricular myocardium. Studies investigating BNP secretion in diseases affecting the right side of the heart are scarce. The relationship between N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) and echocardiographic and clinical findings was studied in cases with ...
Arbeille Philippe P - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the portal vein cross-sectional area (PV CSA) and flow during a stand test associated with orthostatic intolerance. Eighteen subjects underwent a 90-day head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest at 6 degrees: 9 controls (Con) and 9 with flywheel exercise countermeasures ...
Potts Jeffrey T - - 2006
Inhibitory neurotransmission plays a crucial role in the processing of sensory afferent signals in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). The aim of this review is to provide a critical overview of inhibitory mechanisms that may be responsible for altering arterial baroreflex function during physical activity or exercise. Over ...
Engelmann Mads D M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) information regarding exercise release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is sparse and data on plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) response to exercise is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma ANP and BNP response to exercise in patients with permanent ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2006
Adult patients after surgical repair of Fallot's tetralogy usually present with satisfactory exercise capacity years after the original procedure, though they never tolerate as high levels of exercise as their healthy counterparts. The aim of the study was to assess exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress test and BNP levels in ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ebstein's anomaly is defined as the significant apical displacement of the part of the tricuspid valve causing significant tricuspid regurgitation and reduction of the functional right ventricle. The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity with cardiopulmonary stress testing and to determine plasma BNP levels in adults ...
Dore Annie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological blockade of the renin-angiotensin system improves exercise tolerance in patients with left ventricular dysfunction, yet its impact on patients with systemic right ventricles (RVs) remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial was performed to assess the effects of losartan on exercise capacity ...
Win Htut Kyaw - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia leads to changes in regional wall stress. Induction of ischemia during a treadmill exercise, although brief, may lead to transient elevation in the plasma level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) from baseline levels, which could serve as a biochemical marker of myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Sixty subjects (mean ...
Schuetz Yannic B - - 2005
The feasibility of delivering triptorelin ([D-Trp6]LHRH) by transdermal iontophoresis was evaluated in vitro. Peptide electrotransport at different current densities and donor concentrations was measured across porcine ear skin. The concomitant delivery of an electroosmotic marker enabled calculation of the respective contributions of electromigration (EM) and electroosmosis (EO) to iontophoretic delivery. ...
Huang P-H - - 2006
To investigate the role of endothelial function, inflammatory markers, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with impaired chronotropic response during exercise test. 86 subjects were enrolled. Treadmill exercise test was conducted according to the modified Bruce protocols. Brachial ultrasound was used to measure endothelium dependent flow mediated vasodilatation ...
Neumayr Guenther - - 2005
For a further depiction of exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) were measured in recreational cyclists (n = 29) during the Otztal Radmarathon 2004. In all subjects, NT-pro-BNP significantly increased from 28 +/- 21 to 278 +/- 152 ng/L immediately after the race ...
Inai Kei - - 2005
AIMS: We tested the hypothesis that neurohumoral activation could correlate with exercise tolerance and have a prognostic value in patients late after Fontan operation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 50 consecutive patients after the Fontan operation and 10 age-matched normal controls. We measured brain and atrial natriuretic peptides, norepinephrine (NE), ...
Lafontan Max - - 2005
In normal and obese humans, lipid mobilization and systemic nonesterified fatty acid levels are thought to be acutely controlled by catecholamines (ie, epinephrine and norepinephrine) and insulin. Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are known to play a key role in the regulation of salt and water balance and blood pressure homeostasis. They ...
Passino Claudio - - 2006
Heart failure (HF) is characterised by reduced tolerance to effort, associated with progressive fatigue and dyspnoea. Neuro-hormonal activation is a hallmark of HF and influences its clinical evolution. To evaluate the relationship between neuro-hormonal activation, exercise capacity and ventilatory efficiency. 154 HF patients (127 males, 62 +/- 1 years) underwent ...
Cataliotti Alessandro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to address the feasibility and the biological activity of orally administered human brain natriuretic peptide (hBNP). Proprietary technology has been developed in which short, amphiphilic oligomers are covalently attached to peptides. The conjugated peptides are intended to have an improved pharmacokinetic profile and ...
Niedeggen Andreas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Objective assessment of the cardiopulmonary capacity in patients with complex congenital cardiac disease often remains difficult in clinical practice. The cardiopulmonary exercise test and determination of the levels of brain natriuretic peptide in the plasma are established tests, but expensive. The 6-minute walk test is also validated, but has ...
Scardovi A B - - 2005
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate if brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, a cardiac neurohormone well correlated with prognosis in chronic heart failure (CHF), are associated with enhanced ventilatory response to exercise, in ambulatory patients with intermediate peak oxygen uptake (PVO2). METHODS: Resting BNP was measured in 129 ...
Peteiro-Vázquez Jesús J Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Juan Canalejo, A Coruña, - - 2005
Exercise echocardiography (EE) is useful for diagnosing coronary disease, but little is known about its value for risk stratification. We aimed to determine: a) whether data from EE supplemented clinical data and data from exercise testing and resting echocardiography in predicting cardiac events; and b) whether the number and location ...
Schou Morten - - 2005
Renal metabolism of the cardiac marker NH2-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been suggested. Therefore, we determined the renal extraction ratios of NT-proBNP and its bioactive coproduct brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) at rest and during exercise. In addition, the cerebral ratios were evaluated. Ten young healthy men were investigated at baseline, ...
Ohuchi Hideo H Department of Pediatrics, National Cardiovascular Center, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan. - - 2006
To evaluate changes in plasma volume (deltaPV) during exercise in patients with single ventricular physiology with cyanosis; post-Fontan patients; and in patients after right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR). Compensatory mechanisms which regulate body fluid volumes operate in heart failure patients to maintain blood pressure. A better understanding of this ...
Moro Cedric - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate whether a 4-month endurance training program could improve ANP- as well as isoproterenol-mediated (beta-adrenergic receptor agonist) in situ lipolysis and adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) of untrained overweight subjects. METHODS: Ten overweight men aged 26.0 +/- 1.4 ...
Yeo Kiang-Teck J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the current medical literature that pertained to the question of whether myocardial ischemia triggers the release of B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs) and, in particular, whether transient exercise-induced ischemia can be detected by the measurement of changes in these biomarkers. BNPs are well-established as markers of left ventricular ...
Ishii Haruka - - 2005
Elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been associated with ventricular dysfunction, and exercise tests have been used for assessing cardiac contractile reserve. We examined the relation between BNP and right ventricular (RV) contractile reserve during exercise in patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). A total of ...
Peltoniemi O A T - - 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether the seasonal delay in puberty in autumn is driven by individual differences in night-time melatonin secretion in domestic gilts at the attainment of puberty. A group of spring-born gilts (n = 30) were expected to reach puberty in autumn by the age of ...
Tschöpe Carsten - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of brain natriuretic peptides in the detection of mild forms of isolated diastolic dysfunction is still uncertain. We therefore investigated the plasma levels of the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with heart failure symptoms during exercise, despite preserved systolic cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen ...
Nathoo S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have noted the common presentation of pituitary tumours with significant headache. This has been considered to be one, or a combination of, increased cranial pressure, tumour size with dural stretch, or cavernous sinus invasion. Newer hypotheses suggest an association between the presence of pituitary tumour-associated headaches and ...
Pinarli F Güçlü - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of anthracycline antibiotics is limited by their cardiotoxicity. Electrocardiography, exercise testing, and two-dimensional echocardiography are non-invasive techniques used in the follow-up of children for cardiotoxicity. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are thought to be useful markers in the early detection of AC induced cardiomyopathy. PROCEDURE: ...
Brookes Zoë L S - - 2005
We developed a novel model using fluorescent intravital microscopy to study the effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on the extrasplenic microcirculation. Continuous infusion of ANP into the splenic artery (10 ng min(-1) for 60 min) of male Long-Evans rats (220-250 g, n = 24) induced constriction of the splenic ...
Gempp Emmanuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is a promising cardiac natriuretic peptide used as a clinical hormonal marker in cardiac dysfunction. The main stimulus for N-BNP synthesis and secretion is cardiac wall stress, which is recognized as a common denominator of many cardiac diseases. Diving is associated with ...
Shanshan Pan - - 2005
To study the effect of exercise on gene expression of natriuretic peptide receptors (NPRs) in the kidney, with in situ hybridization and the computerized image analysis, we investigated the alterations of gene expression of NPRs on the animal model of exercise training of different intensity. We found that after exercise ...
Williams Simon G - - 2004
Whether plasma N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) is useful in the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) depends traditionally on whether it is as good as the putative 'gold-standard', left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), in indicating cardiac dysfunction. However, since HF is primarily an impairment of function of the cardiac pump, ...
Woodrum Derek T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is common during parathyroidectomy. We hypothesized that sample site (peripheral vs central vein) may impact IOPTH interpretation. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients underwent curative parathyroidectomy for single-gland disease. IOPTH was drawn peripherally (PV) in 114 patients and centrally (CV, jugular vein) in 87 ...
Foote Robert S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise-induced ischemia on levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its inactive N-terminal fragment (NT-pro-BNP)and to determine whether measurement of these peptides can improve the diagnostic accuracy of exercise testing. BACKGROUND: The ability of exercise testing to detect ...
Sabatine Marc S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of transient myocardial ischemia on circulating natriuretic peptide levels. BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are released by the heart in response to wall stress. We hypothesized that transient myocardial ischemia would cause acute changes in circulating natriuretic peptide levels. METHODS: B-type ...
Krieter Detlef H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mid-dilution haemodiafiltration (HDF) results in an improved middle molecule removal compared with standard HDF. The OLpur MD 190 haemodiafilter represents a new dialyser design exclusively for mid-dilution on-line HDF. Compared with standard haemodialysers, structural changes in the headers allow the infusion of high replacement fluid volumes after a first ...
Patrianakos Alexander P - - 2004
Although heart failure (HF) is characterized by increased proinflammatory cytokines, natriuretic peptide levels and impaired exercise capacity, the effect of concomitant diastolic dysfunction on those parameters has not been adequately studied. We analyzed circulating levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha and its soluble receptors, sTNFRI and sTNFRII, Nt-ANP and Nt-BNP natriuretic ...
Yui Kunio - - 2004
The role of dopaminergic activity in susceptibility of methamphetamine (MAP) psychosis (flashbacks) to subsequent spontaneous recurrences was studied. Plasma monoamine metabolite levels were assayed in 23 flashbackers, of whom 10 experienced a single flashback, 8 exhibited subsequent flashbacks and 5 with the last episode; 18 nonflashbackers with a history of ...
van den Berg Maarten P - - 2004
This review focuses on the relation between atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). ANP is produced by the atria secondary to atrial stretch. By causing atrial stretch, acute AF leads to an increase in plasma ANP concentration, which serves to normalize haemodynamics through natriuresis and vasodilation. However, data ...
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