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Results 251 - 300 of 749
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Banfi Giuseppe - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The serum biomarker N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a cleaved fragment of the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) precursor (amino acids 1-76), is accepted as a standard marker for evaluating and monitoring cardiac injury characterized by myocardial wall stress. Strenuous exercise may generate transitory ischemia, myocardial stress and diastolic left ...
Ilea Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac peptides are increased at rest in heart failure patients representing a useful diagnostic tool for this condition. Recently it has been demonstrated that cardiac peptides increase also during myocardial ischemia. Cardiac peptides increase during exercise in heart failure patients, but it has not been established yet if the ...
Kallistratos Manolis S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels correlate with functional capacity in patients with heart failure. Autonomic dysfunction and baro-chemo reflex balance play a role in conditioning exercise tolerance and chronotropic competence in heart failure. In this study we examined the relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and heart rate ...
Inal Ozge - - 2008
Matrix formulations of Eudragit E 100: NE 40D polymers (100:0, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50% w/w) with 20% w/w of triacetine and 5% w/w of atenolol were prepared by film casting method with different solvents (methanol, 2-propanol and acetone). In vitro release of atenolol from the films were studied by vertical Franz ...
Nessler Jadwiga - - 2008
To analyze differences in brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels depending on mitral flow pattern (MFP) and to assess the effects of carvedilol on changes in MFP, left ventricular function and exercise capacity. The study population consisted of 73 patients with symptomatic heart failure in NYHA classes II and III and ...
Gray S R - - 2008
The pleiotropic cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been demonstrated to increase during exercise. Little is known regarding the response of the soluble IL-6 receptors (sIL-6R and sgp130) during such exercise. The aim of the current study was to investigate the response of plasma IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 during fatiguing submaximal exercise ...
Golovko Mikhail Y - - 2008
We have previously demonstrated that alpha-synuclein (Snca) gene ablation reduces brain arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) turnover rate in phospholipids through modulation of endoplasmic reticulum-localized acyl-CoA synthetase activity. Although 20:4n-6 is a precursor for prostaglandin (PG), Snca effect on PG levels is unknown. In the present study, we examined the effect of ...
Krag Aleksander A Department of Gastroenterology, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark. - - 2007
Patients with advanced cirrhosis and ascites are characterized by circulatory dysfunction with splanchnic vasodilatation and renal vasoconstriction, which often lead to ascites. The vasoconstrictor terlipressin improves renal function in hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). The aim of this study was to evaluate if terlipressin also improves renal function in patients with ascites ...
Koch Andreas M E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the diagnostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with systemic right ventricle. METHODS: Plasma BNP levels were measured in 48 outpatients with D-transposition of the great arteries after atrial switch procedure or congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. RESULTS: Plasma BNP was < or ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2008
The changes of left ventricular diastolic function during exercise are heterogeneous in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We sought to investigate whether exertional changes of mitral annular velocities and plasma N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration are associated with exercise capacity in patients with HCM. After a comprehensive echocardiographic study, 32 ...
Papathanasiou A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on ciliary activity within the human fallopian tube in vitro. DESIGN: An experimental laboratory-based study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Fallopian tube specimens were obtained from eight women undergoing hysterectomy for fibroid uterus. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Ciliary beat frequency (CBF) in the ...
StraburzyƄska-Migaj Ewa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is a common finding in patients with systolic heart failure (HF). Severe diastolic dysfunction, which is defined as LV restrictive filling pattern (RFP), is associated with more severe HF, increased sympathetic activity and reduced exercise capacity. It has also been shown to be a ...
Rubattu Speranza - - 2007
Physical exercise plays a key role in cardiovascular prevention and risk reduction. The two main types of exercise are aerobic and resistance exercise, and their effects on the cardiovascular system differ. A large body of evidence supports the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on cardiovascular risk reduction; however, the current ...
Gref Margareta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glomerular filtration rate is a key parameter in kidney disease. The Radionuclides in Nephrourology Committee has recommended a single-sample method with 99mTc-DTPA based on the mean sojourn time. This study was done to develop the method for use with iohexol making the method more available. METHODS: The single-sample formula ...
Scardovi Angela Beatrice - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Whether brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) combined with cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPx) and echocardiographic findings improves prognostic stratification in mild-to-moderate systolic heart failure (HF) is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 244 consecutive stable outpatients, median age of 71 (62-76) years, with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class I-III ...
Kobayashi Katsumi K Department of Thoracic and Visceral Organ Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, - - 2007
To evaluate the effect of ANP on warm I/R injury in a porcine THVE model. Miniature pigs (mini-pigs) weighing 16-24 kg were observed for 120 min after reperfusion following 120 min of THVE. The animals were divided into two groups. ANP (0.1 mug/kg per min) was administered to the ANP ...
Fukuta Hidekatsu - - 2007
Patients with an impaired relaxation pattern of Doppler left ventricular filling may have elevated or normal plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. We hypothesized that elevated BNP levels occur in patients whose left atrial pressure increases after exercise. We examined the relationship between BNP levels and left ventricular filling pressure ...
Holmgren Daniel - - 2007
We evaluated the concentrations of brain natriuretic peptide in the plasma as a marker of systolic ventricular function before and after maximal exercise in 15 surgically palliated patients with functionally univentricular hearts, with apparently good ventricular function. Of the patients, 6 with median age of 14.6 years, and a range ...
Pan S S - - 2008
To characterize the effect of long-term exercise training at different intensities on endocrine structure and function of the heart, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels, expression of ANP in cardiomyocytes, and ultrastructure of cardiomyocytes were examined by radioimmunoassay, immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy in Sprague-Dawley rats trained on a treadmill ...
Gutkowska Jolanta - - 2007
Exercise training results in cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations that may be beneficial in menopausal women by reducing blood pressure, insulin resistance, and cholesterol level. The adaptation of the cardiac hormonal systems oxytocin (OT), natriuretic peptides (NPs), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in response to exercise training was investigated in intact ...
Xing Jihong - - 2007
During exercise, sympathetic nerve responses are accentuated in heart failure (HF), and this enhances norepinephrine (NE) release and evokes vasoconstriction. Two key pathophysiological responses could contribute to the greater NE release: 1) increased sympathetic nerve discharge and 2) increased NE in the neurovascular junction for a given level of sympathetic ...
Møller Jacob E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exertional change in brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has recently been proposed as a biomarker of myocardial ischemia. However, in patients with abnormal left ventricular (LV) filling, BNP is frequently increased. Therefore, we studied the relationship of exertional changes in atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) with resting ...
Knobloch K - - 2008
Immunotherapy with trastuzumab (Herceptin), a selective HER-2(ErbB2)-antibody, is associated with a certain degree of cardiotoxicity. This study sought to evaluate the immediate hemodynamic response to trastuzumab with real-time CW-Doppler depending on the level of nt-pro-BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) as a possible marker of cardiotoxicity. 48 patients with HER-2-positive metastatic breast ...
Pascual-Figal Domingo A - - 2007
Although much is known about the value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) at rest, the significance of the responsiveness of BNP during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) without coronary artery disease remains to be established. A role of BNP release during exercise in the functional disability of ...
Acevedo Edmund O - - 2007
Exercise elicits intensity-dependent increases in epinephrine (Epi), norepinephrine (NE), cortisol (CORT), and lactate (Lac), whereas at rest the hormonal responses to mental stress include increases in Epi, NE, and CORT, but not Lac. Additionally, elevations in CORT at rest are associated with negative affect. Finally, as exercise intensity increases, perceptions ...
Ikeda Nahoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) during exercise workload is an important parameter to guide an exercise prescription for patients with cardiovascular disease. Plasma levels of neuro-hormonal factors can be used as a reflection of real-time LVEDP, but its utility is limited by its short half-life. By contrast, the N-terminal ...
Salinas Guillermo - - 2007
Elevated levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been reported in association with exercise-induced ischemia. Data regarding BNP as a marker of ischemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) are not conclusive. This study was designed to evaluate changes in BNP during DSE. A total of 74 patients referred to rule ...
Lange Matthias - - 2007
In patients with sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome, hemodynamic support is often complicated by a vascular hyporesponsiveness to exogenously administered norepinephrine. Although norepinephrine tachyphylaxis represents a significant clinical problem, the relationship between norepinephrine dosages and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the presence of systemic inflammation is still not fully ...
Eroglu Serpil - - 2007
Diastolic heart failure affects approximately 40%-50% of patients presenting with signs and symptoms of heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and functional capacity in patients admitted with dyspnea and diagnosed with isolated diastolic dysfunction. Fifty-four patients (mean age, ...
Cheung Eddie W Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) volume overload secondary to pulmonary regurgitation contributes to long-term morbidities in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We tested the hypothesis that plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels relate to RV volume overload, pulmonary regurgitation, and exercise capacity in adolescents after TOF repair. METHODS: We ...
Maeder Micha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is related to peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and the relationship between minute ventilation and carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 slope). However, the exercise response depends on the mode of exercise. This study sought to compare peak treadmill and ...
Kallistratos M S - - 2007
There is an increasing tension to use NT Pro BNP blood levels at peak exercise testing. Their possible superiority over resting levels in congestive heart failure or factors associated with their increase have not been adequately studied. We studied 65 patients, 51 males and 14 females with impaired left ventricular ...
KrzemiƄski K - - 2006
The aim of the study was to find out whether prolonged exercise influences plasma adrenomedullin (ADM) concentration and whether it is related to the hormonal, metabolic and cardiovascular changes. Eighteen healthy subjects (age 25+/-1 yrs) were submitted to cycle exercise for 90 min at 70% of maximal oxygen uptake. Heart ...
Chatha K K Department of Clinical Chemistry, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, - - 2006
Coronary heart disease is associated with increased B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs), and, although controversial, may cause exaggerated exercise-induced BNP secretion. We investigated BNP in relation to reversible myocardial ischaemia. Serum N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) was measured before and after an exercise electrocardiogram test (ETT) in 14 patients with and 45 patients ...
Parthenakis Frangiskos I - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess atrial fibrillation (AF) associated differences in proinflammatory cytokines, natriuretic peptide levels and exercise capacity in patients with heart failure (HF) secondary to non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC). METHODS: We studied 147 NIDC patients, mean age 58.3+/-12.5 years, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction 27.8+/-10.9% and NYHA class II-III. Neurohumoral ...
Maria Sarullo Filippo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased exercise capacity is the main factor restricting the daily life of patients with chronic heart failure. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP) is strongly related to the severity of and is an independent predictor of outcome in chronic heart failure. DESIGN: The study aimed to evaluate the effect ...
Ströhle Andreas - - 2006
Exercise has an anxiolytic activity and it increases the concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Because ANP has an anxiolytic activity, this hormone might contribute to the anxiolytic effects of aerobic exercise. Cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4)-induced panic attacks were studied in 10 healthy subjects after "quiet rest" or 30 min of aerobic ...
French Duncan N - - 2007
Few data exist on the temporal relationship between catecholamines and muscle force production in vivo. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of preexercise arousal on sympathoadrenal neurohormones on muscular force expression during resistance exercise. Ten resistance-trained men completed two experimental conditions separated by 7 days: 1) ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: regional or global impairment of left ventricular (LV) systolic or diastolic function leading to increased LV wall stress results in increased circulating levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP). OBJECTIVE: this study aims at evaluating the effect of exercise training (ET) on NT-pro-BNP plasma levels in older patients recovering ...
Khan Sohail Q - - 2007
BACKGROUND: UII is elevated in patients with heart failure; however its role in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. We sought to compare levels of UII in patients with AMI to controls. We also compared UII to N terminal pro B type natriuretic peptide (NT-BNP) to evaluate whether levels of ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: N-terminal-pro-brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a peptide hormone released from ventricles in response to myocyte stretch. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of exercise training on plasma NT-pro-BNP to verify if this parameter could be used as a biological marker of left ventricular remodelling ...
Saenz Adam J - - 2006
We report changes in cardiac troponin-T (TnT) and a new plasma stroke biomarker panel (D-dimer, B-natriuretic peptide [BNP], matrix metalloproteinase-9 [MMP-9], S-100 b, Biosite Diagnostics, San Diego, CA) in 30 nonprofessional marathon runners before and immediately after the 2005 Boston Marathon. Following competition, there was a statistically significant increase in ...
Thaman Rajesh - - 2006
Most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) have reduced maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) during exercise. The degree of impairment is poorly predicted by the magnitude of hypertrophy, left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction, and other conventional markers of disease severity. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of ...
Bergeron Sébastien - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We measured plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels before and after exercise stress testing and correlated results with echocardiographic evidence of ischemia. METHODS: Sixty patients with left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50% referred for clinically indicated exercise echocardiogram were studied. Peptides were ...
Staub Daniel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exercise electrocardiography (ECG) has high specificity but limited sensitivity for the detection of myocardial ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine whether measurement of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) can improve the diagnostic accuracy of exercise ECG. METHODS: A total of 256 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia ...
Vogelsang T W - - 2006
During arm exercise (A), mean arterial pressure (MAP) is higher than during leg exercise (L). We evaluated the effect of central blood volume on the MAP response to exercise by determining plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during moderate upright and supine A, L and combined arm and leg exercise (A ...
Scardovi Angela Beatrice - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Whether brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a neurohormone marker of ventricular dysfunction, correlates with an enhanced ventilatory response (EVR) during cardiopulmonary exercise test, a well-known predictor of prognosis, in systolic heart failure (HF) is currently unknown. MATERIAL/METHODS: Resting BNP was measured in 134 consecutive stable outpatients aged 69 +/- 11 ...
Passino Claudio - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the effect of physical training on neurohormonal activation in patients with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Patients with HF benefit from physical training. Chronic neurohormonal activation has detrimental effects on ventricular remodeling and prognosis of patients with HF. METHODS: A total of 95 patients with HF ...
Yusoff Rahal - - 2006
Plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) are elevated in severe mitral regurgitation, but their relation to functional capacity and cardiac remodeling is not well defined. We evaluated the role of NT-pro-BNP as a marker of functional capacity, symptoms, and cardiac remodeling in 38 patients with severe degenerative mitral ...
Weber M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been found that BNP and NT-proBNP provide independent prognostic information in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, little data are available on the time course of NT-proBNP levels in relation to onset of symptoms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 765 patients (236 females, aged 64 ...
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