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Results 201 - 250 of 749
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Krogh Jesper - - 2011
The dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in major depression includes hyperactivity and reduced feedback inhibition. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is able to reduce the HPA-axis response to stress and has an anxiolytic effect in rodents and humans. We hypothesized that patients with depression would have an attenuated N-terminal proANP (NT-proANP) ...
Fontana Marianna - - 2012
Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPT) has a prominent value in assessing clinical severity in chronic heart failure (HF) patients. Reduced free triiodothyronine (fT3) plasma level is associated with a more severe disease and prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between low fT3 plasma level and reduced ...
Wozakowska-Kaplon Beata - - 2010
Measurement of natriuretic peptide's (NP) release in response to hemodynamic stress may be complementary to its baseline assessment in individuals. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) increase in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and decrease after successful cardioversion, suggesting that AF may stimulate secretion of NPs. However, ...
Wisén Anita G M - - 2011
Increased levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been shown to reduce the hormones in the HPA axis. In this study we addressed the question whether patients with unmedicated major depressive disorder (MDD) might have altered baseline levels of these natriuretic peptides and an altered ...
Munk Peter Scott - - 2011
Abstract Background. Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is considered to be a cardioprotective cytokine possessing antiapoptotic and antiproliferative properties. If GDF-15 plasma levels are influenced by percutanenous coronary intervention (PCI) or regular exercise training is currently not known. Methods. After successful revascularization by PCI with stent implantation 36 consecutive patients with ...
Mandroukas Athanasios - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine and to compare alterations in the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during different exercise-testing protocols in moderately trained men. Fifteen healthy male physical education students were studied (mean age 22·3 ± 2·5 years, training experience 12·3 ± 2·5 years, height 1·80 ± 0·06 m, weight 77·4 ± 8·2 kg). Participants performed an initial ...
Kilickesmez Kadriye Orta - - 2011
Introduction: To determine whether elevated N-terminal pro-BNP (NT pro-BNP) predicts pulmonary artery systolic pressure increase on exercise stress echocardiography in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with moderate to severe mitral stenosis. Methods and Results: Forty-one asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with moderate to severe mitral stenosis and 21 age- and ...
Nilsson Birgitta Blakstad - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Exercise training might improve cardiac function as well as functional capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP), is associated with the severity of the disease, and has been reported to be an independent predictor of outcome in CHF. We evaluated the effect ...
El-Mallakh Rif S - - 2010
Ill phases of bipolar illness are associated with abnormalities in ion regulation and intracellular ion concentrations. Previously, it has been reported that mania is characterised by lower circulating levels of ion regulating endogenous cardenolides, and that bipolar subjects lack the normal seasonal variation of these factors. Since endogenous cardenolides are ...
Banfi Giuseppe - - 2010
The 76 amino acid N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is proposed for evaluating and monitoring heart pathologies characterized by myocardial wall stress. Strenuous exercise might generate transitory ischemia, myocardial stress, and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction, possibly inducing an increase of some biochemical parameter concentrations. An alert has been claimed owing ...
Lee Jae Eun - - 2010
The correlation between brain natruretic peptide (BNP) level and cardiac autonomic function has been studied in type 2 diabetic patients. However, there is limited data from patients with normal systolic function. We evaluated the association between heart rate recovery (HRR) representing autonomic dysfunction and three plasma BNP levels: pre-exercise, post-exercise, ...
Athanasopoulos Leonidas V - - 2010
To assess the relationships between New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, quality of life, aerobic capacity (peak oxygen uptake, (.)VO2), ventilatory efficiency (minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope, VE/(.)VCO2 slope), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in creating a model for predicting peak (.)VO2). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed in 62 ...
Wiesner S - - 2010
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) stimulates lipid mobilization and lipid oxidation in humans. The mechanism appears to promote lipid mobilization during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that water immersion augments exercise-induced ANP release and that the change in ANP availability is associated with increased lipid mobilization and lipid oxidation. In an ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of midregional pro-A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) for the identification of a cardiocirculatory exercise limitation (CL) as assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and to compare it to B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Among 94 patients with CPET data fulfilling criteria for ...
Petracca Floriana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent application of brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in cardiac valvular disease is very promising. AIMS: To test the usefulness of NT-proBNP in the assessment of patients with aortic or mitral regurgitation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven patients - 23 with aortic and 12 with ...
Krupicka J - - 2010
Many studies documented the relationship between elevated plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides and cardiovascular diseases, especially heart failure. However, it is still uncertain whether physical exercise leads to a significant release of natriuretic peptide in healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maximal physical ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2011
Exercise is associated with changes in circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP). However, the biological relevance of this phenomenon is poorly examined. We sought to assess determinants of absolute (Δ) and relative (Δ%) exercise-induced changes in BNP and NT-proBNP. BNP (n=418) and NT-proBNP (n=478) at rest and peak ...
Saura D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left atrial remodelling, assessed as left atrial volume (LAV), has been proposed as a good marker of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of LAV on exercise performance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and in a subset of subjects, assess the relation ...
Berent Robert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The inactive N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) serves as a marker of heart failure. We evaluated the effects of moderate exercise on NT-proBNP and other cardiovascular disease risk factors in 359 consecutive patients admitted for residential cardiovascular rehabilitation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients underwent cycle ergometry, blood sampling, and fasting glucose tests ...
Sahlén Anders - - 2009
Cardiac biomarkers play an important role in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. Elevated levels can be seen in the context of strenuous exercise. We studied this phenomenon in senior endurance runners. We included 185 participants (61.1 +/- 5 years; 29% women) at a 30-km cross-country race who were self-reportedly in ...
Rajani Ronak - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Exercise-induced symptoms are associated with early changes in left ventricular (LV) function. Blood B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and tissue Doppler indices (tDi) also reflect early LV dysfunction, and may therefore predict the development of symptoms. The study aim was to compare BNP levels and ...
Miki Keisuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Exertional dyspnoea limits patients with IPF in their activities of daily living. The mechanism, however, has not been elucidated. This study tested the hypothesis in IPF that exertional dyspnoea correlates with cardiopulmonary exercise responses, specifically changes in arterial blood pH and plasma norepinephrine (NE). METHODS: Cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Smart N A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: BNP and the N-terminal portion (NT-pro-BNP) have emerged as powerful tools in the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure on acute presentation. The aim of this work was to systematically review the effect of exercise training on BNP and NT-pro-BNP levels in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: A ...
Serrano-Ostáriz Enrique - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of age, training status, race time, and exercise intensity on the appearance of cardiac biomarkers after a cycle-touring event. DESIGN: Pre-post exercise measurements. SETTING: University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one amateur cyclists. INTERVENTION: The 2005 Quebrantahuesos cycle-touring event (distance: 206 km; altitude difference: 3800 ...
Moro Cedric - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the impact of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on the regulation of lipolysis by catecholamine and for the first time atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) before and after 16 wk of aerobic training. PATIENTS: Eight hyperandrogenic obese women with PCOS [age, 25 +/- 1 yr; body ...
Ushijima Akiko - - 2009
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is known as a predictor of cardiac death in patients with heart disease. The mechanism is not fully understood, although a parasympathetic mechanism has been reported. To elucidate the factors that influence HRR, we evaluated the relationship of HRR with exercise performance and plasma ...
Wozakowska-Kapłon Beata - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Assessment of endocrine profile in patients with cardiovascular diseases has become increasingly important during the last decade. Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been used as a marker of left ventricular dysfunction. However, the role of BNP in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and normal left ventricular function ...
Robbers-Visser Daniëlle - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed clinical condition at midterm follow-up after total cavopulmonary connection for a functionally univentricular heart performed on children younger than 5 years. METHODS: Thirty-four Fontan patients (median age 10.4 years, range 6.8-20.7 years, 22 boys, median follow-up 7.8 years, 5.0-17.8 years) underwent electrocardiography, Holter monitoring, bicycle exercise ...
Kitaoka Hiroaki - - 2009
Recent reports suggest that left ventricular diastolic function assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels can relate to functional status in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, it is unclear which is more useful to predict the exercise capacity in HCM patients without systolic ...
Arena Ross R Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Health Sciences Campus, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0224, USA. - - 2009
Ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO(2) ratio) and the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (P(ET)CO(2)), obtained during moderate to high levels of physical exertion demonstrate prognostic value in heart failure (HF). The present investigation assesses the clinical utility of these variables during low-intensity exercise. One hundred and thirty subjects diagnosed with HF ...
Nilsson Brian - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate whether NT-proBNP before ablation treatment and after exercise testing has predictive information regarding the clinical outcome following pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: NT-proBNP analysis were obtained before the ablation (before and after exercise test), and repeated at 1, 3, and 12 months ...
Havens Timothy C - - 2009
In this paper we describe the development of a novel markerless motion capture system and explore its use in documenting elder exercise routines in a health club. This system uses image contour tracking and swarm intelligence methods to track the location of the spine and shoulders during three exercises - ...
Trojnarska O - - 2010
Cyanosis is observed in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) and pulmonary hypertension, heart failure represents an important clinical problem in such patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exercise capacity in patients with cyanotic CHDs using cardiopulmonary exercise test, measuring serum BNP levels as well ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2009
We compared two methods to determine IL-6 at rest and following exercise. On two occasions, plasma IL-6 was determined in 10 men and 13 women before and immediately following 90 min of cycling at 65% V(O)(2max) using a cytometric bead array (CBA) and an ELISA. The CBA detected IL-6 in ...
Hew-Butler Tamara - - 2008
Maintenance of fluid homeostasis during periods of heightened physical stress can be best evaluated in humans using exercise as a model. Although it is well established that arginine vasopressin (AVP), aldosterone and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are the principle hormones regulating fluid balance at rest, the potential contributions of other ...
Cetin Ilker - - 2008
Impairment of right ventricular functions, especially due to chronic pulmonary regurgitation (PR), is a well-known entity in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) after repair. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and right ventricular dysfunction by cardiopulmonary exercise test (ET) ...
Winter Michiel M - - 2008
Exercise is recommended in patients with left ventricular failure. Although right ventricular failure is common in patients with a systemic right ventricle (RV), no data are available on the effect of physical activity in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of physical activity and ...
Staub Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence that transient exercise-induced ischemia triggers the release of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The aim of this study was to either confirm or refute a previous investigation suggesting that myocardial ischemia can reliably be detected by exercise-induced changes in BNP ...
Gemici Gökmen - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that elevated plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are found in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and right ventricular dysfunction. We examined the effects of exercise on plasma BNP levels in patients with COPD who have normal right ventricular function METHODS: Seventeen patients with ...
Scardovi Angela Beatrice - - 2008
Whether brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), combined with a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPx) parameters or echocardiography improves prognostic stratification in mild-to-moderate systolic heart failure (HF) is currently unclear. In 156 consecutive stable outpatients with mild to moderate HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%, we assessed the impact of BNP ...
van den Berg Jochem - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess biventricular functional reserve (FR), NT-proBNP levels and exercise performance, in relation to right ventricular volume in patients with pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) at young age. METHODS: In 53 TOF patients (maximum age at repair 2.0 years, interval since repair 15 (5) ...
Toussaint Nigel D - - 2008
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the most common cause of mortality in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and arterial stiffness, measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV), is an independent predictor of all-cause and CV mortality. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are high in patients with CV disease and ESKD, and increases in ...
Passino Claudio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is structurally related to cardiac natriuretic peptides and is currently considered as an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor. Endothelial dysfunction, commonly observed in chronic heart failure (HF) patients is positively affected by physical training. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of aerobic physical training on the expression of ...
Giannoni Alberto - - 2008
Increased chemosensitivity has been observed in HF (heart failure) and, in order to clarify its pathophysiological and clinical relevance, the aim of the present study was to investigate its impact on neurohormonal balance, breathing pattern, response to exercise and arrhythmic profile. A total of 60 patients with chronic HF [age, ...
Faviou E - - 2008
AIM: Recent investigations have suggested the occurrence of transient cardiac dysfunction and reversible myocardial injury in healthy individuals after heavy exercise. Our purpose was to examine if the release of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) after intense exercise in obviously healthy participants may have cytoprotective and growth-regulating effects or may ...
Koç Mevlüt - - 2008
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) level at rest is related to left ventricular (LV) function and cardiovascular mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). There are limited and controversial data regarding changes in NT-pro-BNP level during exercise in patients with HF. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Van Pelt Niels C - - 2008
AIMS: Both raised plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and an abnormal exercise response predict adverse clinical outcomes in aortic stenosis (AS). This study examines the relationship between the response to treadmill exercise and plasma levels of BNP in AS. METHODS AND RESULTS: 34 asymptomatic patients with moderate or ...
Nessler Jadwiga - - 2008
Recent studies on the pathophysiology of heart failure indicate the role of neurohormones and immune and inflammatory processes as potential mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and clinical course of chronic heart failure (CHF). To analyse the relationship between concentrations of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), endothelin-1 (ET-1), inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-6) ...
Garg Ruchira - - 2008
The right ventricle, which faces systemic pressure due to congenital heart disease, often develops premature systolic dysfunction. Cardiac hormones might be useful to identify patients with such systolic dysfunction. This prospective study investigated the relationship of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels with right ventricular ejection ...
Scharhag J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the exercise-induced immune response contributes to the exercise-induced increase in brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in healthy athletes. This has previously been speculated, as elevated concentrations of BNP or N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in cardiovascular patients were found to be related to immune reactions and ...
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