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Hannink J D C - - 2012
Systemic inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been related to the development of comorbidities. The level of systemic inflammatory mediators is aggravated as a response to exercise in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether unloading of the respiratory muscles attenuates the ...
Khan Cynthia M - - 2012
Objectives: Spouses may be involved in their partner's diabetes management by providing social support to affirm healthy behaviors and social control to modify health behaviors. Yet, investigations of the influence of spousal involvement on daily patient health behaviors are limited. In daily diaries, we investigated how spousal support and control ...
Martinez Ricardo - - 2012
The purpose of the current study was to test the hypothesis that the beta-adrenergic innervation of the human eccrine sweat gland facilitates greater sweat production following heat acclimation. Eight healthy subjects (mean±SD age: 25.1±4.1years, weight: 79.0±16.1kg, and VO(2)max: 48.5±8.0ml/kg/min) underwent active heat acclimation by walking at 40% of their VO(2)max ...
Scherr Johannes - - 2012
PURPOSE: Strenuous exercise induces significant increases in inflammatory and cardiac biomarkers and transient dysfunction of the left ventricle. It is still unclear whether the electrophysiological correlate of these alterations can also be observed in electrocardiograph (ECG) recordings, which indicate increased vulnerability for arrhythmias. METHODS: Electrocardiographic parameters were measured and compared ...
Nieuwenhuis Maurice M W - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine long-term compliance with nonpharmacologic treatment of patients with heart failure (HF) and its associated variables. Data from 648 hospitalized patients with HF (mean age 69 ± 12 years, 38% women, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 33 ± 14%) were analyzed. Compliance was ...
Karageorghis Costas I - - 2012
Abstract The use of music during exercise has become ubiquitous over the past two decades and is now supported by a burgeoning body of research detailing its effects and the contingencies surrounding its use. The purpose of this statement is to present a synopsis of the body of knowledge, with ...
Noor Mumin R - - 2012
AIMS: Patients treated with a Thoratec HeartMate II left ventricular assist device (LVAD) are supported at a fixed pump speed. It is uncertain whether pump speed has a significant effect on exercise capacity. We investigated the relationship between pump speed and exercise capacity and the influence of residual LV function ...
Martin Antonia M - - 2012
Research addressing methods to sustain long-term adherence to physical activity among older adults is needed. This study investigated the motivations and supports deemed necessary to adhere to a community-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR) program by individuals with established coronary heart disease. Twenty-four long-term adherers (15 men, 9 women; age 67.7 ± ...
Pollak Amy W - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease affecting the lower extremities is associated with increased mortality due to cardiovascular events and reduced functional capacity due to claudication. There is abundant evidence to support the role of lipid lowering with statins in preventing cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Over the last 10 ...
Morken I M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that exercise training (ET) programmes may improve both physical and psychosocial functioning in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients. Most of this research has been conducted by means of quantitative methods. However, knowledge of older ICD recipients' experiences of participating in such programmes is sparse. There is thus ...
García-Vaquero María Pilar - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze trunk muscle activity during bridge style stabilization exercises, when combined with single and double leg support strategies. Twenty-nine healthy volunteers performed bridge exercises in 3 different positions (back, front and side bridges), with and without an elevated leg, and a quadruped exercise ...
McNamara Justin - - 2012
Abstract Exercise dependence is a condition that involves a preoccupation and involvement with training and exercise, and has serious health and performance consequences for athletes. We examined the validity of a biopsychosocial model to explain the development and maintenance of exercise dependence among elite Australian athletes. Participants were 234 elite ...
Barton Jo - - 2012
This study evaluated two existing group-based health promotion initiatives (a social club and a swimming group) and compared these to a new green exercise programme (weekly countryside and urban park walks). Participants represented a clinical population (N = 53) and were all experiencing a range of mental health problems. They ...
Miller Lindsey E - - 2012
Exercise is protective against ventricular arrhythmias induced by ischemia (I), the condition of inadequate blood flow, and reperfusion (R), the reestablishment of blood flow. This protection is observed clinically and scientifically by decreased incidence in ECG abnormalities. Numerous scoring systems exist for the quantification of ventricular arrhythmia severity. On the ...
Kenney Kimbra - - 2012
In this investigation we assessed the spectrum of creatine kinase (CK) responses in military recruits undergoing basic training. Musculoskeletal examination data, questionnaire findings, and CK levels were obtained from 499 recruits at days 0, 3, 7, and 14 of training. Correlations of CK with ethnicity, age, body mass index, exercise, ...
Monteiro Mariane Borba - - 2012
Expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) is a form of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilatory support that, in spite of not unloading respiratory muscles during inspiration, may reduce the inspiratory threshold load and attenuate expiratory dynamic airway compression, contributing to reduced expiratory air-flow limitation in patients with COPD. We sought to determine the ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite the importance of exercise training in mitigating cardiovascular risk, the development of exercise programs for people poststroke has been limited by lack of feasibility data concerning cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to inform the exercise prescription. Therefore, we examined the feasibility of CPETs for developing an exercise ...
Loenneke Jeremy P - - 2012
Low intensity exercise with blood flow restriction has been shown to increase muscle hypertrophy and strength similar to high intensity resistance exercise. Interestingly, low intensity resistance exercise to failure has shown the same muscle protein synthesis response as higher intensity exercise, questioning the need for blood flow restriction during low ...
Standage Martyn - - 2012
A three-wave prospective design was used to assess a model of motivation guided by self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2008) spanning the contexts of school physical education (PE) and exercise. The outcome variables examined were health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical self-concept (PSC), and 4 days of objectively assessed estimates ...
Zemková Erika - - 2012
The study compares power outputs in concentric phase of chest presses and squats performed in interval mode on stable and unstable surface, respectively. A group of 16 physical education students performed randomly in different days 6 sets of 8 repetitions of a) chest presses on the bench and Swiss ball, ...
McKenzie Donald C - - 2012
Most exercise scientists would agree that the physiological determinants of peak endurance performance include the capacity to transport oxygen to the working muscle, diffusion from the muscle to the mitochondria, energy production and force generation, all influenced by signals from the central nervous system. In general, the capacity of the ...
Hogg Lauren - - 2012
What are the views and perceptions of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) regarding maintaining an active lifestyle following a course of pulmonary rehabilitation? Qualitative study of two focus groups using a grounded theory approach. Sixteen people with COPD who had completed a course of pulmonary rehabilitation. Data from ...
Kalman Douglas S - - 2012
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) has been reported to provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in both animal and man. Strenuous resistance exercise has the potential to induce both inflammation and oxidative stress. Using a pilot (proof of concept) study design, we determined the influence of MSM on markers of exercise recovery and ...
Murray-Rust Peter - - 2012
The articles in this special issue arise from a workshop and symposium held in January 2012 (Semantic Physical Science'). We invited people who shared our vision for the potential of the web to support chemical and related subjects. Other than the initial invitations, we have not exercised any control over ...
Faulkner James - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of recruiting and retaining patients newly diagnosed with a Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) into an 8-week exercise programme. The study was a single-centre, randomised-controlled trial. TIA was confirmed by a specialist stroke physician within 7 days of symptom onset. Following baseline assessment, participants were randomised to ...
Kerwin Maureen - - 2012
Falling is a serious danger to older adults that is usually only addressed after a person has fallen, when doctors administer clinical tests to determine the patient´s risk of falling again. Having the technological capability of performing fall risk assessment tests with a smartphone, the authors set out to design ...
Iglesias-Gutiérrez Eduardo - - 2012
Considering that hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the purpose of this study was to determine the kinetics of serum homocysteine (tHcy) and the vitamins involved in its metabolism (folates, B(12), and B(6)) in response to acute exercise at different intensities. Eight sedentary males (18-27 yr) took ...
Zwiers R - - 2012
To assess the mortality risk in subsequent years (adjusted for year of birth, nationality, and sex) of former Olympic athletes from disciplines with different levels of exercise intensity. Retrospective cohort study. Former Olympic athletes. 9889 athletes (with a known age at death) who participated in the Olympic Games between 1896 ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2012
Postnatal depression can have a substantial impact on the woman, the child and family as a whole. Thus, there is a need to examine different ways of helping women experiencing postnatal depression; encouraging them to exercise may be one way. A meta analysis found some support for exercise as an ...
Tew Garry A - - 2012
London 2012 is the first Olympic and Paralympic Games to explicitly try and develop socioeconomic legacies for which success indicators are specified - the highest profile of which was to deliver a health legacy by getting two million more people more active by 2012. This editorial highlights how specialists in ...
Peart Tasha - - 2012
Obesity is a serious health threat, particularly among racial/ethnic minorities and those who are uninsured, yet little is known about the implementation of nutrition or exercise counseling or the combination of both among these groups. Trends in counseling by race/ethnicity and types of insurance were examined. Trend analyses were conducted ...
Rhodes Jonathan - - 2011
The primary task of the cardiopulmonary system is to provide blood flow and oxygen in quantities sufficient to support the individual's metabolic needs. The cardiopulmonary system is maximally stressed when an individual's metabolic rate is increased, a condition that occurs most commonly during physical activity or exercise. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing ...
Hung Ming-Yow - - 2011
Coronary vasospasm of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a rare condition with potentially devastating consequences. We present 2 patients with LMCA vasospasm-related angina, the first being a 46-year-old woman and the second a 51-year-old woman. Both of them developed ST-segment ischemic changes on treadmill exercise tests. Coronary angiography ...
Amann Markus M University of Utah, Department of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. - - 2012
Accumulating evidence over the past 25 years depicts the healthy pulmonary system as a limiting factor of whole-body endurance exercise performance. This brief overview emphasizes three respiratory system-related mechanisms which impair O(2) transport to the locomotor musculature [arterial O(2) content (C(aO(2))) × leg blood flow (Q(L))], i.e. the key determinant ...
Komar-Samardzija Melanie - - 2012
Abstract  Purpose: To examine how family/friend social support, exercise self-efficacy, physical environment, sense of community, social issues and roles, socioeconomic status, and body image discrepancy influence physical activity levels in African American females with type 2 diabetes. Data sources: A sample of 50 African American females with type 2 diabetes ...
Feuerecker M - - 2011
The effects of physical exercise stress on the endocannabinoid system in humans are almost unexplored. In this prospective study, we investigated in a crossover design and under field conditions at different altitudes the effects of physical exercise on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in 12 trained healthy volunteers. For determination of ...
Phillips A A - - 2011
We aimed to compare the Finapres system, which is designed for accurate intra-arterial amplitude measurement, to the Caretaker system, which is designed for temporal accuracy of intra-arterial measurement, in regard to measurement of pulse transit time (PTT) at baseline and following an endurance exercise session. Pulse transit time was evaluated ...
Macfarlane D J - - 2012
This study investigated the performance of the portable Cortex Metamax 3B (MM3B) automated gas analysis system during both simulated and human exercise using adolescents. Repeated measures using a Gas Exchange System Validator (GESV) across a range of simulated metabolic rates, showed the MM3B to be adequately reliable (both percentage errors, ...
David Prabu P Edward R Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-2520, USA. - - 2012
We conducted a feasibility study of a 12-week walking intervention administered through an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system and mobile phones. We also examined the added benefit of a human coach. Post-menopausal women (n = 71) were given a daily-steps goal, which they monitored using a pedometer. Each day, they ...
Okutucu Sercan - - 2011
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) and cardiovascular function are intricately and closely related. One of the most frequently used diagnostic and prognostic tools for evaluating cardiovascular function is the exercise stress test. Exercise is associated with increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic activity and the period of recovery after maximum exercise ...
Bizheh Nahid - - 2011
Homocysteine, hs-CRP and fibrinogen are three novel cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a single bout of circuit resistance exercise on homocysteine, hs-CRP and fibrinogen levels in healthy and inactive men. The subjects were randomly divided into the experimental group (n= 14) ...
Segerståhl Katarina - - 2011
PURPOSE: Various personal monitoring technologies have been introduced for supporting regular physical activity, which is of critical importance in reducing the risks of several chronic diseases. Recent studies suggest that combining multiple modes of delivery, such as text messages and mobile monitoring devices with web applications, holds potential for effectively ...
Simpson Lisa A - - 2011
BACKGROUND/AIMS: People with stroke continue to lead sedentary lives despite the multiple benefits of exercise. Knowledge regarding stroke survivors' conception of exercise, which is essential for a thorough understanding of the barriers and facilitators to exercise, is lacking. This study aims to explore the perceptions of exercise among stroke survivors, ...
Martins-Pinge M C - - 2011
The autonomic nervous system plays a key role in maintaining homeostasis under normal and pathological conditions. The sympathetic tone, particularly for the cardiovascular system, is generated by sympathetic discharges originating in specific areas of the brainstem. Aerobic exercise training promotes several cardiovascular adjustments that are influenced by the central areas ...
Brandon Raphael - - 2011
Abstract An analysis system for barbell weightlifting exercises is proposed to record reliable performance and neuromuscular responses. The system consists of surface electromyography (sEMG) synchronized with electrogoniometry and a barbell position transducer. The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability of the three components of the system. Nine ...
Nguyen Tuan Nghia - - 2011
The paper proposes a robust online adaptive neural network control scheme for an automated treadmill system. The proposed control scheme is based on Feedback-Error Learning Approach (FELA), by using which the plant Jacobian calculation problem is avoided. Modification of the learning algorithm is proposed to solve the overtraining issue, guaranteeing ...
Honka Anita M - - 2011
Regular aerobic exercise is a recommended treatment for elevated blood pressure (BP). However, making permanent lifestyle changes is not easy. Having personally relevant information about the treatment, about its effects and importance, is a precondition for motivation. Thus, the first step towards a successful lifestyle change is appropriate education. This ...
Lee Hsu-En - - 2011
Cardiovascular diseases are the most popular cause of death in the world recently. For postoperatives, cardiac rehabilitation is still asked to maintain at home (phase II) to improve cardiac function. However, only one third of outpatients do the exercise regularly, reflecting the difficulty for home-based healthcare: lacking of monitoring and ...
Ottaviano M - - 2011
This paper describes the design and development of a system for cardio rehabilitation of patients that suffered a myocardial infarction. The proposed solution focuses on exercise prescriptions and the encouragement of healthy behaviors. The innovative strategy of the design takes into account health promotion models to provide safe, assistive exercise ...
Fragala Maren S - - 2011
This article reviews the interaction between the neuroendocrine and immune systems in response to exercise stress, considering gender differences. The body's response to exercise stress is a system-wide effort coordinated by the integration between the immune and the neuroendocrine systems. Although considered distinct systems, increasing evidence supports the close communication ...
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