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Tang Ada - - 2013
Cardiovascular co-morbidities are prevalent after stroke, with heart disease, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance present in the majority of cases. Exercise has the potential to mediate cardiovascular risk factors commonly present in people with stroke. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial compared the effects of high versus low intensity exercise on ...
Reges Orna - - 2013
Despite well-established medical recommendations, many cardiac patients do not exercise regularly either independently or through formal cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRP). This non-adherence is even more pronounced among minority ethnic groups. Illness cognition (IC), i.e. the way people perceive the situation they encounter, has been recognized as a crucial ...
Schubert Carla R - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The prevalence of olfactory impairment is high in older adults, and this decline in olfactory ability may pose health and safety risks, affect nutrition, and decrease quality of life. It is important to identify modifiable risk factors to reduce the burden of olfactory impairment in aging populations. OBJECTIVE To ...
Heiniger Louise E - - 2013
Fatalism has been associated with non-adherence to health behavior in the past. This study compared fatalism of Chinese and Korean immigrants with native-born Caucasians (N = 309) and examined whether the relationship between fatalism and exercise, nutrition and medical screening would be moderated by ethnicity. Chinese reported higher fatalism than Caucasians and ...
Casey Amanda Faith - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) may be at heightened risk for stroke due to a combination of physiological conditions and lifestyle choices. There remains a lack of information regarding the effectiveness of exercise training on individuals with DS post-stroke. This case report describes the effects of a comprehensive ...
Cabanas-Valdés Rosa - - 2013
Trunk control has been identified as an important early predictor of functional outcome after stroke but there is insufficient evidence that proximal stability of the trunk is a pre-requisite for sitting and standing balance, walking, and functional activities. We systematically reviewed the literature on trunk training exercises (TTE) in adult ...
Sosnoff Jacob J - - 2013
Objective:To determine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a home-based exercise intervention targeting fall risk in older adults with multiple sclerosis.Design:A randomized controlled pilot trial.Setting:A home-based exercise program.Intervention:Participants were randomly allocated to either a home-based exercise intervention group (n = 13) or a waiting list control group (n = 14). ...
Zhao Huan - - 2013
Purpose: Exercise leads to a lower risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether time of day physical exercise has effects on CAD is still unclear. The present study is to investigate the relationship between time of day physical exercise and angiography determined CAD in a Chinese population. Subjects: A ...
Farina Nicolas - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: Non-pharmacological interventions may have a role in both the prevention and slowing down of disease progression in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of exercise in disease prevention, for example, has been extensively evaluated in large epidemiological studies. Much less is known about the potential benefit of exercise in ...
Gons Rob A R - - 2013
To investigate the relation between physical exercise and the microstructural integrity of cerebral white matter. Four hundred forty individuals with cerebral small-vessel disease, aged between 50 and 85 years, without dementia, were included and underwent MRI scanning. Physical exercise was assessed with a structured questionnaire. The cross-sectional relation between physical ...
Fiocco Alexandra Jasmine - - 2013
Canada is experiencing a rise in type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a known risk factor for accelerated cognitive decline and dementia. Within the context of an aging population, this will impose significant individual and societal burden, making the development of prevention programs imperative. This pilot study examines the effects of ...
La Rue Asenath - - 2013
Interventions that stimulate and engage individuals with dementia physically, cognitively, and socially offer promise for improving health and well-being and for potentially slowing functional losses with disease progression. We describe a volunteer-based intervention that combines physical exercise, cognitive-linguistic stimulation, and social outings for older persons living with dementia in rural ...
Johannsen Neil M - - 2013
OBJECTIVELow cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Age-predicted, sex-stratified, and maximal MET cut points have been developed to determine the risk of CVD events and mortality in low CRF categories. We examined the proportion of Health Benefits ...
Niedermann Karin - - 2013
Objective: Several studies suggest that patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a 12-week individually heart rate-monitored, moderately intensive cardiovascular training on cardiovascular fitness and perceived disease activity in AS patients. Methods: Patients diagnosed with AS according ...
Amano Shinichi - - 2013
Gait dysfunction and postural instability are two debilitating symptoms in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). Tai Chi exercise has recently gained attention as an attractive intervention for persons with PD because of its known potential to reduce falls and improve postural control, walking abilities, and safety at a low cost. ...
James Cynthia A - - 2013
To determine how exercise influences penetrance of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) among patients with desmosomal mutations. While animal models and anecdotal evidence suggest exercise is a risk factor for ARVD/C, there have been no systematic human studies. Eighty-seven carriers (46 male, mean age 44±18) were interviewed about regular physical ...
Gates Nicola - - 2013
Investigations of exercise and cognition have primarily focused on healthy or demented older adults, and results have been equivocal in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Our aim was to evaluate efficacy of exercise on cognition in older adults with MCI. We conducted a meta-analysis of random controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Sakurai Ryota - - 2013
To study the effects of a comprehensive intervention program comprising exercise, diet, and hot bathing in community-dwelling older adults by using a randomized controlled trial. The program included 61 community-dwelling healthy older adults (mean [SD] age, 69.9 [5.3] years) who were using a hot bath facility. The participants were randomly ...
Kovács E - - 2013
Background: Exercise programs have important role in prevention of falls, but to date, there are conflicting findings about the effects of exercise programs on balance, functional performance and fall risk among cognitively impaired older adults. Aim. To investigate the effects of a multimodal exercise program on static and dynamic balance, ...
Warms Catherine A - - 2013
There are anecdotal reports of adverse events (AEs) associated with exercise in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) and consequent concern by people with SCI and their providers about potential risks of exercise. Enumeration of specific events has never been performed and the extent of risk of exercise to people ...
Gregory Michael A - - 2013
Identifying feasible and effective interventions aimed at mitigating the effects of cognitive decline in older adults is currently a high priority for researchers, clinicians, and policy makers. Evidence suggests that exercise and cognitive training benefit cognitive health in older adults; however, a preferred modality has to be endorsed yet by ...
- - 2013
Examining the effect of exercise in childhood and the effect on cardiovascular disease.
Petzinger Giselle M GM Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. - - 2013
Exercise interventions in individuals with Parkinson's disease incorporate goal-based motor skill training to engage cognitive circuitry important in motor learning. With this exercise approach, physical therapy helps with learning through instruction and feedback (reinforcement) and encouragement to perform beyond self-perceived capability. Individuals with Parkinson's disease become more cognitively engaged with ...
Dangardt Frida J - - 2013
Physical activity and exercise have been associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, morbidity, and mortality, as well as all-cause mortality, both in the general population and in patients with various forms of cardiovascular disease. Increasing amounts of exercise are associated with incremental reductions in mortality, but considerable benefits have been found ...
Marine Joseph E JE Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 20892, - - 2013
This study sought to determine the clinical predictors and prognostic significance of exercise-induced nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in a large population of asymptomatic volunteers. Prior studies have reported variable risk associated with exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia. Subjects in the BLSA (Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging) free of known cardiovascular disease who ...
Wirawan I Made Ady - - 2013
This study examined the prevalence of airline pilots who have an excessive cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk score according to the New Zealand Guideline Group (NZGG) Framingham-based Risk Chart and describes their cardiovascular risk assessment and investigations. A cross-sectional study was performed among 856 pilots employed in an Oceania based airline. ...
Robinson Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to involve older people and physiotherapists in the development of acceptable strategies to promote uptake and adherence with an exercise-based falls prevention programme. Method: Focus groups were conducted with older people attending a regional falls and syncope service (3 groups, total 12 ...
Günay Ersin - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered a world-wide major public health problem. Weight loss, muscle and fat mass depletion are common nutritional problems in COPD patients and are determinant factors in pulmonary function, health status, disability and mortality. We aimed to assess the relationships between nutritional ...
Neuman Joshua C - - 2013
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a condition that results from altered methyl group metabolism and is associated with numerous pathological conditions. A number of nutritional and hormonal factors have been shown to influence circulating homocysteine concentrations; however, the impact of exercise on homocysteine and methyl group balance is not well understood. Our hypothesis ...
Rabasse Praba - - 2013
In 2000 the National Service Framework for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) prompted the development of rapid-access chest pain clinics (RACPCs). The aim of such clinics is to provide prompt assessment of chest pain to identify CAD with the use of an exercise tolerance test. In 2010, the National Institute for ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Relatively few exercise randomized clinical trials (RCTs) among stroke survivors have reported the effectiveness of recruitment and retention strategies, despite its central importance to study integrity. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine recruitment and retention strategies used among a group of older community-dwelling stroke survivors for an exercise RCT. ...
Rodgers Wendy M - - 2013
Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a comprehensive treatment program centered on structured exercise that has been demonstrated to achieve significant decreases in mortality and morbidity in cardiac patients, yet few patients adhere to exercise post-CR and so ...
Barnes Deborah E - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia are projected to rise dramatically during the next 40 years, and strategies for maintaining cognitive function with age are critically needed. Physical or mental activity alone result in relatively small, domain-specific improvements in cognitive function in older adults; combined interventions may have ...
Thomas Deepak D The Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
To evaluate the incremental prognostic value of reserve-pulse pressure (reserve-PP: exercise-PP minus rest-PP) to standard risk factors among patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) but normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We studied 4269 consecutive symptomatic patients without known CAD who were referred for exercise MPI but had normal ...
Skretteberg Per Torger - - 2013
Exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population. We tested whether changes in exercise SBP during 7 years predict CHD (including angina pectoris, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and fatal CHD) and mortality over the following 28 years. Peak SBP at 100 W workload (=5.5 METS ...
Jahnke Sara A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Rates of occupational injuries among firefighters are high because of the physically demanding and variable tasks required by their job. While descriptive data about injuries exist, few studies have explored individual risk factors and their relationship to occupational injury. METHODS: The current study presents data from a population-based sample ...
Cupisti Adamasco - - 2013
Sedentary lifestyle is frequent in hemodialysis patients whose physical capabilities are largely reduced when compared with healthy subjects, and evidence exists that sedentary dialysis patients are at higher risk of death as compared to non-sedentary ones. Dialysis patients may suffer from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, malnutrition, depression, which limits their exercise ...
Lovering Richard M - - 2013
Evidence is accumulating regarding the benefits of exercise in people who are more susceptible to injury, such as the elderly, or those with a neuromuscular disease, for example Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). There appears to be a consensus that exercise can be safely performed in aging and diseased muscles, but ...
Tyndall Amanda V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aging and physical inactivity are associated with declines in some cognitive domains and cerebrovascular function, as well as an elevated risk of cerebrovascular disease and other morbidities. With the increase in the number of sedentary older Canadians, promoting healthy brain aging is becoming an increasingly important population health issue. ...
From Svetlana - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although cardiovascular disease has decreased, there is still potential for prevention as obesity and diabetes increase. Exercise has a positive effect on many cardiovascular risk factors, and it can significantly reduce the components of metabolic syndrome. The main challenge with exercise in primary care is how to succeed ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of regular moderate-intensity exercise (three training sessions/week) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM, primary outcome). We also examined if the exercise intervention modifies the association between GDM and birth weight and risk of macrosomia, gestational age, risk of caesarean delivery and maternal weight ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2013
An Internet-based, Best Exerciser Super Trainer program for risk reduction among Korean male workers with metabolic syndrome was developed, and a pilot test was conducted. The Best Exerciser Super Trainer program was designed to be delivered via the Internet to promote the initiation and maintenance of behavioral lifestyle modification using ...
Feldman David B - - 2013
We investigated hope's ability to predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) knowledge and health-promoting behaviours. Snyder defined hope as the combination of goal-directed planning and motivation, and theorised that high-hope people seek knowledge relevant to goal pursuits. We surveyed 391 Latino and Asian participants undergoing CVD risk screening, nearly all immigrants to ...
Brumitt Jason - - 2013
ABSTRACT Migrant farmworkers risk occupational injury and are at risk for developing chronic health conditions. Exercise may enhance health and help to reduce the risk of occupational injury and/or reduce the risk of developing a chronic health condition. Little is known, however, about the exercise habits of Latino migrant farmworkers. ...
Eynon Nir - - 2013
The FTO A/T polymorphism (rs9939609) is a strong candidate to influence obesity-related traits. Elite athletes from many different sporting disciplines are characterized by low body fat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether athletic status is associated with the FTO A/T polymorphism. A large cohort of European ...
Balsamo Sandor - - 2013
Physical activity has a protective effect on brain function in older people. Here, we briefly reviewed the studies and results related to the effects of exercise on cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. The main findings from the current body of literature indicate positive evidence for structured physical activity (cardiorespiratory and ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2013
Although much evidence supports the hypothesis that cognitive function and physical function are interrelated, it is unclear whether cognitive decline with mild cognitive impairment influences trainability of physical performance in exercise intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cognitive function at baseline and change in ...
Freiberger Ellen E Institute of Sport Science and Sport Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany. - - 2013
To study the feasibility of first, reaching functionally declined, but still independent older persons at risk of falls through their general practitioner (GP) and second, to reduce their physiological and psychological fall risk factors with a complex exercise intervention. We investigated the effects of a 16-week exercise intervention on physiological ...
Anazodo U C UC Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada ; Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, ON, Canada ; Laboratory for Brain and Heart Health, School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, ON, - - 2013
Cognitive function decline secondary to cardiovascular disease has been reported. However, little is known about the impact of coronary artery disease (CAD) on the aging brain macrostructure or whether exercise training, in the context of cardiovascular rehabilitation, can affect brain structure following a coronary event. This study employed voxel-based morphometry ...
Inaba Yasuko Y School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Sciences, Showa - - 2013
Aim: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of an exercise program in modifying the exercise behavior of the community-dwelling elderly subjects. Methods: This study was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The subjects included 52 males and 65 females 65 years of age or over ...
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