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Petzinger Giselle M GM Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. - - 2013
Exercise interventions in individuals with Parkinson's disease incorporate goal-based motor skill training to engage cognitive circuitry important in motor learning. With this exercise approach, physical therapy helps with learning through instruction and feedback (reinforcement) and encouragement to perform beyond self-perceived capability. Individuals with Parkinson's disease become more cognitively engaged with ...
Tang Ada - - 2013
<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions-medications, surgery, education, ...
Smith J Carson - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with early memory loss, Alzheimer's disease (AD) neuropathology, inefficient or ineffective neural processing, and increased risk for AD. Unfortunately, treatments aimed at improving clinical symptoms or markers of brain function generally have been of limited value. Physical exercise is often recommended for people diagnosed ...
Dangardt Frida J - - 2013
Physical activity and exercise have been associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, morbidity, and mortality, as well as all-cause mortality, both in the general population and in patients with various forms of cardiovascular disease. Increasing amounts of exercise are associated with incremental reductions in mortality, but considerable benefits have been found ...
Marine Joseph E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical predictors and prognostic significance of exercise-induced non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in a large population of asymptomatic volunteers. Background: Prior studies report variable risk associated with exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia. METHODS: Subjects in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging free of known cardiovascular (CV) disease who completed ...
Wirawan I Made Ady - - 2013
This study examined the prevalence of airline pilots who have an excessive cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk score according to the New Zealand Guideline Group (NZGG) Framingham-based Risk Chart and describes their cardiovascular risk assessment and investigations. A cross-sectional study was performed among 856 pilots employed in an Oceania based airline. ...
Robinson Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to involve older people and physiotherapists in the development of acceptable strategies to promote uptake and adherence with an exercise-based falls prevention programme. Method: Focus groups were conducted with older people attending a regional falls and syncope service (3 groups, total 12 ...
Günay Ersin - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered a world-wide major public health problem. Weight loss, muscle and fat mass depletion are common nutritional problems in COPD patients and are determinant factors in pulmonary function, health status, disability and mortality. We aimed to assess the relationships between nutritional ...
Neuman Joshua C - - 2013
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a condition that results from altered methyl group metabolism and is associated with numerous pathological conditions. A number of nutritional and hormonal factors have been shown to influence circulating homocysteine concentrations; however, the impact of exercise on homocysteine and methyl group balance is not well understood. Our hypothesis ...
Rabasse Praba - - 2013
In 2000 the National Service Framework for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) prompted the development of rapid-access chest pain clinics (RACPCs). The aim of such clinics is to provide prompt assessment of chest pain to identify CAD with the use of an exercise tolerance test. In 2010, the National Institute for ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Relatively few exercise randomized clinical trials (RCTs) among stroke survivors have reported the effectiveness of recruitment and retention strategies, despite its central importance to study integrity. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine recruitment and retention strategies used among a group of older community-dwelling stroke survivors for an exercise RCT. ...
Rodgers Wendy M - - 2013
Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a comprehensive treatment program centered on structured exercise that has been demonstrated to achieve significant decreases in mortality and morbidity in cardiac patients, yet few patients adhere to exercise post-CR and so ...
Barnes Deborah E - - 2013
IMPORTANCE The prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia are projected to rise dramatically during the next 40 years, and strategies for maintaining cognitive function with age are critically needed. Physical or mental activity alone result in relatively small, domain-specific improvements in cognitive function in older adults; combined interventions may have ...
Thomas Deepak - - 2013
AimsTo evaluate the incremental prognostic value of reserve-pulse pressure (reserve-PP: exercise-PP minus rest-PP) to standard risk factors among patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) but normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI).Methods and resultsWe studied 4269 consecutive symptomatic patients without known CAD who were referred for exercise MPI but had ...
Skretteberg Per Torger - - 2013
Exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population. We tested whether changes in exercise SBP during 7 years predict CHD (including angina pectoris, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and fatal CHD) and mortality over the following 28 years. Peak SBP at 100 W workload (=5.5 METS ...
Jahnke Sara A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Rates of occupational injuries among firefighters are high because of the physically demanding and variable tasks required by their job. While descriptive data about injuries exist, few studies have explored individual risk factors and their relationship to occupational injury. METHODS: The current study presents data from a population-based sample ...
Cupisti Adamasco - - 2013
Sedentary lifestyle is frequent in hemodialysis patients whose physical capabilities are largely reduced when compared with healthy subjects, and evidence exists that sedentary dialysis patients are at higher risk of death as compared to non-sedentary ones. Dialysis patients may suffer from cardiovascular disease, diabetes, malnutrition, depression, which limits their exercise ...
Lovering Richard M - - 2013
Evidence is accumulating regarding the benefits of exercise in people who are more susceptible to injury, such as the elderly, or those with a neuromuscular disease, for example Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). There appears to be a consensus that exercise can be safely performed in aging and diseased muscles, but ...
Tyndall Amanda V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aging and physical inactivity are associated with declines in some cognitive domains and cerebrovascular function, as well as an elevated risk of cerebrovascular disease and other morbidities. With the increase in the number of sedentary older Canadians, promoting healthy brain aging is becoming an increasingly important population health issue. ...
From Svetlana - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although cardiovascular disease has decreased, there is still potential for prevention as obesity and diabetes increase. Exercise has a positive effect on many cardiovascular risk factors, and it can significantly reduce the components of metabolic syndrome. The main challenge with exercise in primary care is how to succeed ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of regular moderate-intensity exercise (three training sessions/week) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM, primary outcome). We also examined if the exercise intervention modifies the association between GDM and birth weight and risk of macrosomia, gestational age, risk of caesarean delivery and maternal weight ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2013
An Internet-based, Best Exerciser Super Trainer program for risk reduction among Korean male workers with metabolic syndrome was developed, and a pilot test was conducted. The Best Exerciser Super Trainer program was designed to be delivered via the Internet to promote the initiation and maintenance of behavioral lifestyle modification using ...
Feldman David B - - 2013
We investigated hope's ability to predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) knowledge and health-promoting behaviours. Snyder defined hope as the combination of goal-directed planning and motivation, and theorised that high-hope people seek knowledge relevant to goal pursuits. We surveyed 391 Latino and Asian participants undergoing CVD risk screening, nearly all immigrants to ...
Brumitt Jason - - 2013
ABSTRACT Migrant farmworkers risk occupational injury and are at risk for developing chronic health conditions. Exercise may enhance health and help to reduce the risk of occupational injury and/or reduce the risk of developing a chronic health condition. Little is known, however, about the exercise habits of Latino migrant farmworkers. ...
Eynon Nir - - 2013
The FTO A/T polymorphism (rs9939609) is a strong candidate to influence obesity-related traits. Elite athletes from many different sporting disciplines are characterized by low body fat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether athletic status is associated with the FTO A/T polymorphism. A large cohort of European ...
Balsamo Sandor - - 2013
Physical activity has a protective effect on brain function in older people. Here, we briefly reviewed the studies and results related to the effects of exercise on cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. The main findings from the current body of literature indicate positive evidence for structured physical activity (cardiorespiratory and ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2013
Although much evidence supports the hypothesis that cognitive function and physical function are interrelated, it is unclear whether cognitive decline with mild cognitive impairment influences trainability of physical performance in exercise intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cognitive function at baseline and change in ...
Bherer Louis - - 2013
Studies supporting the notion that physical activity and exercise can help alleviate the negative impact of age on the body and the mind abound. This literature review provides an overview of important findings in this fast growing research domain. Results from cross-sectional, longitudinal, and intervention studies with healthy older adults, ...
Freiberger Ellen E Institute of Sport Science and Sport Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany. - - 2013
To study the feasibility of first, reaching functionally declined, but still independent older persons at risk of falls through their general practitioner (GP) and second, to reduce their physiological and psychological fall risk factors with a complex exercise intervention. We investigated the effects of a 16-week exercise intervention on physiological ...
Anazodo U C UC Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada ; Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, ON, Canada ; Laboratory for Brain and Heart Health, School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, ON, - - 2013
Cognitive function decline secondary to cardiovascular disease has been reported. However, little is known about the impact of coronary artery disease (CAD) on the aging brain macrostructure or whether exercise training, in the context of cardiovascular rehabilitation, can affect brain structure following a coronary event. This study employed voxel-based morphometry ...
Inaba Yasuko Y School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Sciences, Showa - - 2013
Aim: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of an exercise program in modifying the exercise behavior of the community-dwelling elderly subjects. Methods: This study was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The subjects included 52 males and 65 females 65 years of age or over ...
Hosseinzadeh Somayeh S Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2013
Objective: Elevated amino acid homocysteine (Hcy) levels and insufficient physical activity are the risk factors in Alzheimer disease (AD) development. The effect of intermittent aerobic training on memory retention test and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the dorsal hippocampus of rats which were stimulated ...
Hammouda Omar - - 2012
Prolonged physical exercise results in transient elevations of biochemical markers of muscular damage. This study examined the effect of short-term maximal exercise on these markers, homocysteine levels (Hcy), and total antioxidant status (TAS) in trained subjects. Eighteen male football players participated in this study. Blood samples were collected 5-min before ...
Churchill Sue - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that gain-framed messages (vs. loss-framed messages) are more effective when advocating 'low-risk' prevention behaviours (e.g., diet, exercise, dental flossing) that minimize the risk of a health problem.The objective of the reported research was to explore whether autonomy moderated the effectiveness of gain-framed vs. loss-framed messages ...
Brown B M - - 2012
Western countries are experiencing aging populations and increased longevity; thus, the incidence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in these countries is projected to soar. In the absence of a therapeutic drug, non-pharmacological preventative approaches are being investigated. One of these approaches is regular participation in physical activity or exercise. ...
YurtdaƟ Mustafa - - 2012
AIM: To investigate the plasma concentrations of homocysteine (Hcy) in slow coronary flow (SCF) patients before and at the end of the exercise test and compare with the values of healthy controls. METHODS: Study population consisted of 41 patients with SCF [68% men, aged 49±8 years], and 41 subjects with ...
Suttanon Plaiwan - - 2012
Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a home-based exercise programme for people with Alzheimer's disease, and to provide preliminary evidence of programme effectiveness in improving balance and mobility and reducing falls risk.Design:A randomized controlled trial.Setting:Community.Participants:Forty people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (mean age 81.9, SD 5.72; 62.5% female).Interventions:Participants ...
Brogårdh Christina - - 2012
Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. The physical and cognitive impairments after an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke often lead to activity limitations and participation restrictions. Many persons after stroke have a sedentary lifestyle, are physically inactive, and have a low fitness level. Physical fitness training is known to ...
Wood Carly - - 2012
This study assessed whether exercising whilst viewing natural or built scenes affected self-esteem (SE) and mood in adolescents. Twenty-five adolescents participated in three exercise tests on consecutive days. A graded exercise test established the work rate equivalent to 50% heart rate reserve for use in subsequent constant load tests (CLTs). ...
Merom Dafna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine older people's participation in fall prevention exercise/physical activities. METHODS: Participants comprised 5,681 randomly selected older people (≥65yrs) who took part in the 2009 New South Wales (Australia) Fall Prevention telephone survey (61% response-rate). The instrument consisted of 11 prompted activities including two separate questions on participation in ...
Chang Yu-Kai - - 2012
Several studies have demonstrated that exercise helps reduce or prevent cognitive deterioration among older adults, and recent studies have further examined the effects of resistance-exercise training on cognition. The purpose of this review was to examine the role of resistance-exercise training on cognition in healthy older adults. Specifically, it describes ...
Pinzón Diana C DC Programa de Fisioterapia, Fundación Universitaria María Cano, Cali, - - 2012
Objetivo Existe controversia acerca del efecto del ejercicio físico vigoroso (EFV) durante el embarazo por sus posibles consecuencias en el tipo de parto y la edad gestacional. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del EFV durante el segundo y tercer trimestre, en mujeres gestantes latinas sobre el ...
Blumenthal James A JA Duke University Medical Center, United States. - - 2013
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) not only increase the risk for clinical CVD events, but also are associated with a cascade of neurophysiologic and neuroanatomic changes that increase the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Although epidemiological studies have shown that exercise and diet are associated with lower CVD ...
Almeida Taís L - - 2012
Few studies have evaluated the benefit of providing exercise to underprivileged older adults at risk for falls. Economically and educationally disadvantaged older adults with previous falls (mean age 79.06, SD = 4.55) were randomized to four months of multi-modal exercise provided as fully supervised center-based (FS, n = 45) or ...
McDermott Mary M - - 2012
People with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) have greater functional impairment and faster functional decline than those without PAD. We describe methods for the Group Oriented Arterial Leg Study (GOALS), an ongoing randomized controlled clinical trial designed to determine whether a Group-Mediated Cognitive Behavioral (GMCB) intervention improves functional performance ...
Bovonsunthonchai Sunee - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to investigate the upper and contralateral lower limb coordination and to study the effect of speed on the upper and contralateral lower limb coordination in individuals with stroke and control groups. Thirty individuals with stroke who were able to walk independently without using any ...
Horne Maria - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise views and experiences of South Asian (SA) older adults in relation to exercise and physical activity (PA). It was anticipated this work would identify barriers and facilitators that could inform interventions aimed at promoting PA among this population. METHOD: A systematic review of qualitative research was conducted. ...
Prinsen H - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine whether physical fitness of severely fatigued and non-fatigued cancer survivors, as measured by maximal exercise performance, is different between both groups and, if so, whether this difference can be explained by differences in physical activity, self-efficacy regarding the exercise test, and/or ...
Shykoff Barbara E - - 2012
Combined effects on respiratory minute ventilation (VE)--and thus, on end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (P(ET)CO2)--of breathing resistance and elevated inspired carbon dioxide (CO2) had not been determined during heavy exercise. In this Institutional Review Board-approved, dry, sea-level study, 12 subjects in each of three phases exercised to exhaustion at 85% ...
Cheville Andrea L - - 2012
Exercise reduces cancer-related disablement and adverse symptoms, yet patients' attitudes toward exercise remain largely unexamined. This qualitative study sought to characterize the beliefs of patients with late-stage disease regarding exercise, its relationship to their symptoms, and their clinicians' roles in providing related counseling. Semistructured interviews with 20 adults (half male ...
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