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Results 651 - 700 of 752
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Follenius M - - 1989
In an attempt to investigate their relationships with plasma volume (PV), heart rate (HR), and other hormonal systems, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels were determined in response to exercise in the heat, associated with dehydration and rehydration with various fluids. Five normal subjects underwent four 3-h experiments, in a ...
Perrault H - - 1989
The factors associated with the exercise-induced increase in plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) have not been clearly established. Thus the purpose of the study was to further document the stimulus for the exercise-induced release of ANP and to examine the role of ANP in the control of hydromineral balance during ...
Dolan L M - - 1989
Data in the literature concerning atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) physiology in the fetus and newborn, although limited, suggest significant activity during the perinatal period. To characterize further ANF physiology during this time, we documented immunoreactive ANF (IR-ANF) concentrations in the right and left atria before and immediately after birth as ...
Bass A S - - 1989
Dopexamine is a new dopamine receptor agonist which also inhibits the uptake of norepinephrine (NE) into sympathetic nerves. Dopexamine was infused intravenously (i.v.) in anesthetized dogs at a rate used for treatment of congestive heart failure (4 micrograms/kg/min) before and during i.v. infusions of NE (0.26 +/- 0.06 and 0.57 ...
Ikäheimo M J - - 1989
To study the effects of myocardial ischemia on plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels, immunoreactive ANP levels in the pulmonary artery (ANP-PA) and femoral vein (ANP-V) were measured before and during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Ten patients (group 1), seven of whom had no symptoms during PTCA, maintained a ...
Haas J A - - 1989
The effects of synthetic atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on sodium reabsorption by deep and superficial proximal tubules were examined in the rat. In response to ANF infusion (4 micrograms/kg/hr), the urinary fractional excretion of sodium increased from 1.21% +/- 0.53% to 3.48% +/- 0.48%, p less than 0.05 (n = ...
Mooser V - - 1989
Platelet free cytosolic calcium (PFCC) was measured in 21 healthy volunteers before and after cigarette smoking or physical exercise. The aim was to investigate whether acute blood pressure changes and increases in circulating levels of catecholamines and vasopressin modify PFCC. PFCC was determined using the Quin-2 method. Following cigarette smoking, ...
Sforzo G A - - 1989
A number of endogenously produced opioid peptides interact with centrally and peripherally located specific receptors to form a widespread neuroendocrine system with many implications for human function. It is becoming increasingly evident that moderately high and high intensity exercise stimulate the release of the opioid peptide beta-endorphin to the circulation ...
Miranda O C - - 1989
The foregoing clearly indicates that there are tremendous differences in the responsiveness of the iris sphincters of different mammalian species to the miotic effects of PGs. The iris sphincter of cats and dogs contracts in response to PGF2 alpha, but not in response to other PGs, at concentrations that can ...
Verho M - - 1989
A double-blind crossover trial was carried out in 7 healthy male volunteers to investigate the effects of penbutolol and a placebo on plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) levels before and after exercise. Each subject underwent several bicycle ergometric exercises lasting 6 min before and after the ...
Blum J W - - 1988
Experiments were designed to study changes of blood levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) and their possible role in metabolic adaptation to short-lasting physical exercise in calves. After a resting period for 5 min (I), animals walked on a treadmill for 10 min at a speed of 60 m/min, ...
Freund B J - - 1988
Atrial natriuretic factor is reported to be elevated during and immediately following exercise and is thought to play a role in fluid homeostasis and cardiovascular regulation. The predominant stimuli for atrial natriuretic factor release during exercise appear to be increases in atrial pressures or atrial distension, both of which are ...
Nakamura T - - 1988
Radionuclide angiographic measurements of left ventricular ejection fraction were performed at rest and during exercise in 10 normal persons and 11 patients with coronary artery disease. Exercise was continued on a supine bicycle exercise table up to a symptom-limited maximum. Plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were also determined ...
Saito Y - - 1988
The plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) was measured in nine patients with essential hypertension during two grades of exercise tests performed in the supine position on a bicycle ergometer. The plasma ANP concentration significantly increased from 97.0 +/- 19.2 pg/ml to 107.6 +/- 23.7 pg/ml (p less than ...
Hu D C - - 1988
The elevation of cardiac filling pressure induces the release of atrial natriuretic peptide into the circulation. Ischemia during exercise in patients with coronary artery disease may manifest itself with elevation of cardiac filling pressure before the onset of electrocardiographic changes or chest pain. Thus, patients with ischemic heart disease might ...
Donckier J E - - 1988
In order to provide an integrated view of the physiology of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) during exercise, we studied changes of its plasma concentrations in 13 normal subjects (seven males, six females) during three graded exercise levels and two periods of recovery (5 and 30 min), concomitantly with an assessment ...
Stangl K - - 1988
ANP was determined in 13 patients with DDD pacemakers due to total AV block, at rest and during bicycle ergometry under both pacing modes, DDD and VVI (7O/min). Under DDD pacing, the mean ANP level (normal range 5-95 pg/mL) at rest was 36 +/- 18 pg/mL (mean +/- SD) and ...
Daly R N - - 1988
The effect of age on the capacity of the right cardiac sympathetic nerve to release norepinephrine (NE) into perfusion effluent (NE overflow) was studied in hearts isolated from male Fischer 344 rats at 6, 12 and 24 months of age. The hearts were perfused through an aortic cannula with Krebs-Ringer ...
Tsai R C - - 1988
Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during treadmill exercise was studied in 9 healthy volunteers. Plasma ANP levels increased during exercise. The mean plasma ANP concentration on 12-min exercise (32.5 +/- 3.7 pg/ml, mean +/- SEM) was significantly higher than the control (16.7 +/- ...
Nishikimi T - - 1988
The influence of dynamic exercise on plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) levels was studied in a group of 10 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and five patients with atypical chest pain (control group). Exercise protocol consisted of three fixed workloads (25, 50, and 75 watts) every 4 minutes with the ...
Sudhir K - - 1988
The effects of acute exercise on plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), arginine vasopressin (AVP), and plasma renin activity (PRA) were studied in 13 patients with previously untreated essential hypertension, and 8 matched normotensive control subjects. Resting levels of ANP and PRA were similar in the two groups, while ...
Ahmed T - - 1988
We investigated the role of leukotrienes in endotoxin-induced changes in pulmonary circulation. In six conscious sheep, haemodynamic measurements were obtained for the calculation of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), along with measurements of arterial oxygen tension (PaO2), leucocyte count (WBC), thromboxane B2 (TxB2), 6-Keto-PgF1 alpha and PgF2 alpha, before and at ...
Thrivikraman K V - - 1988
Push-pull perfusion was used to determine monoaminergic activity in the locus coeruleus (LC) of alpha-chloralose-urethan-anesthetized cats after 20% hemorrhage. Blood was withdrawn from 0 to 3 min and reinfused from 10 to 13 min. Continuous 5-min interval samples of perfusate were collected from -5 to 15 min. Concentrations of the ...
Cuneo R C - - 1988
Atrial tachyarrhythmias and atrial pacing are associated with increased cardiac secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in man. Using treadmill exercise to exhaustion, we have studied the effect of exercise induced tachycardia on plasma immunoreactive ANP (IR-ANP) and vasoactive hormones in 6 normal men before and after 6 days of ...
Paul S - - 1988
Specific autoantibodies to vasoactive intestinal peptide were present in plasma from 29.6% healthy human subjects who habitually performed muscular exercise, compared to 2.3% healthy subjects who did not. Saturation analysis of VIP binding by the plasmas suggested the presence of 1 and 2 classes of autoantibodies in 5 and 3 ...
Azorin J M - - 1988
Animal studies have suggested interspecies differences in brain norepinephrine (NE) metabolism, especially with regard to the relative proportions of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DOPEG) compared to 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MOPEG). In order to question the value of both glycol metabolites as peripheral indices of central noradrenergic activity, a comparative study of plasma DOPEG and MOPEG ...
Danielsen H - - 1988
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), angiotensin II (AII) and aldosterone (Aldo) in plasma were determined at supine rest in 16 normotensive and 9 hypertensive patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and in 18 control subjects (Study 1). In addition, 12 of the normotensive, 7 of the hypertensive patients and 11 of the control ...
Orizio C - - 1988
The relationship between the time course of heart rate and venous blood norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) concentrations was studied in 7 sedentary young men before and during 3 bicycle exercises of 5 min each (respectively 23 +/- 2.8%, 45 +/- 2.6% and 65 +/- 2.4% VO2max, mean +/- SE). ...
Follenius M - - 1988
Circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) level was determined during physical exercise to investigate the correlation between changes in ANP level and heart rate increases. Six subjects exercised at a work level of 75% VO2max for 30 min, two also performed two successive exercises at 75% VO2max while two more exercised ...
Keller N - - 1988
Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was measured during dynamic exercise in 10 patients with coronary heart disease before and after single dose atenolol 50 mg and acebutolol 200 mg, respectively. Systolic blood pressure, heart rate and the rate-pressure product increased during exercise before and after beta-blockade, but levels were lower ...
Gullestad L - - 1987
In order to study the role of opioid- and betareceptors on exercise-induced catecholamine responses, the effects of acute intravenous administration of 1 and 4 mg naloxone and of the non-selective betablocker timolol 2 mg of on circulating concentrations of adrenalin, noradrenaline and dopamine during exercise to exhaustion were examined in ...
Orlandini G - - 1987
We tested the response of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels to the following physiological stimuli: postural changes; head-out water immersion; and physical exercise. Plasma ANP (p-ANP) levels were assessed by a specific, sensitive radio-immunoassay. Plasma ANP rose significantly when posture shifted from upright to recumbent for 1 h, but ...
Bollerslev J - - 1987
The effect of physical exercise on atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was studied in 10 healthy young volunteers. The subjects were exercised on a bicycle ergometry until exhaustion. Blood samples were drawn at rest, at maximal load and in the following resting period. ANP concentrations were measured by radio-immunoassay. The level ...
Rankin A J - - 1987
The time course of changes in the plasma concentration of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (iANP) accompanying tachycardia was measured in anesthetized rabbits. In contrast to the hemodynamic changes, which occurred within the 1st min of tachycardia, the plasma iANP increased gradually and did not reach significantly elevated levels until 10 ...
Davis D - - 1987
To evaluate the determinants of the plasma norepinephrine (NE) response to orthostatic stress, NE kinetics were measured during steady-state infusion of [3H]NE of high-specific activity for two consecutive 90-minute periods; the first was supine, and the second was during 60 degrees head-up tilt. In 6 normal subjects, plasma NE increased ...
Schmidt K L - - 1987
The effect of 16,16 dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (PG) upon tight junctions (TJs) of adjacent surface mucous cells (SMCs) as a possible mechanism by which PGs mediate their protective effects was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and freeze fracture (FF) techniques. Fasted rats were subcutaneously injected with 10 micrograms/kg of ...
Saito Y - - 1987
The plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic polypeptide was measured in eight healthy men during two grades of exercise performed in the supine position on a bicycle ergometer. The plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic polypeptide slightly increased during the first exercise test with 20% of the maximal oxygen uptake and it ...
Thamsborg G - - 1987
Increased plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during exercise have been reported. To investigate the role of tachycardia as a stimulus for release of ANP during exercise the following study was undertaken. Graded exercise was performed in six healthy volunteers before and after beta 1-adrenoceptor blockade. Plasma levels of ...
Thomas G R - - 1987
The effects of afferent vagal stimulation, cerebroventricular vasopressin, and intravenous nitroprusside on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) kinin levels, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were determined in anesthetized dogs in which a ventriculocisternal perfusion system (VP) was established. Following bilateral vagotomy, stimulation of the central ends of both vagi ...
Staessen J - - 1987
The exercise-related increase in plasma renin activity (PRA) and in the plasma concentration of angiotensin II (ANG II) and aldosterone (Aldo) was studied in 43 healthy volunteers whose 24-h urinary sodium excretion (UVNa) ranged from 10 to 250 mmol. Arterial blood samples were obtained at rest and during bicycle ergometry. ...
Atlas S A - - 1987
ANF is a peptide hormone with peripheral and central effects on several physiologic control systems, which suggests broad involvement in the regulation of intravascular volume and cardiovascular homeostasis. ANF acts directly on the kidney to modulate renal vascular resistance, increase glomerular filtration rate, and decrease inner medullary hypertonicity. These hemodynamic ...
Petzl D H - - 1987
Plasma levels of human atrial natriuretic peptide were determined during different stages of a symptom-limited bicycle ergometer stress test. Eight healthy persons and three patients suffering from well-defined cardiac disorders were examined. Measurements of the peptide were performed before the exercise, at 75 watts, at maximal work load, and 10 ...
Richards A M - - 1987
To explore the effects of exercise on plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations, eight normotensive volunteers performed maximal treadmill exercise in sodium replete and deplete states. Baseline immunoreactive plasma ANP concentrations were significantly lower during sodium depletion. During exercise plasma ANP rose in all subjects on both occasions. Plasma peptide ...
Levine T B - - 1986
Abnormal sympathetic nervous system activity in severe congestive heart failure (CHF) was studied in 14 patients before and 3 to 6 months after orthotopic heart transplantation. Before transplantation plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels at rest were elevated (909 +/- 429 pg/ml, p less than 0.01 compared with normal, 185 +/- 60 ...
Miki K - - 1986
The potential role of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in the renal response to head-out water immersion (WI) was studied. Five female mongrel dogs, trained to stand for 100 min in air followed by 100 min of thermoneutral WI at 37 degrees C or 200 min in air (timed control, TC), ...
Hashimoto T - - 1986
Serum levels of thyrotrophin (TSH), prolactin (PRL), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) were determined before and after physical exercise in 21 normal male subjects. The subjects were divided into 3 groups as follows: group I--light exercise (exercise on the Mijnhardt bicycle ergometer at 100 Watts for 15 min); ...
Rowell L B - - 1986
A three-part experiment was designed to show whether hypoxemia alters splanchnic vasomotor responses to other stresses by vasodilating splanchnic organs, preventing norepinephrine (NE)-induced vasoconstriction, or altering total sympathetic nervous activity (SNA) assessed by plasma levels of NE and epinephrine (Epi). Splanchnic blood flow (SBF) was measured by plasma clearance and ...
Edwards B S - - 1986
The BIO 14.6 strain of hamster is a model of familial cardiomyopathy complicated by congestive heart failure, sodium retention, and edema. In previous studies, bioassay techniques have demonstrated that the cardiac content of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is reduced in these animals. On the basis of this observation, the syndrome ...
Camargo M J - - 1986
One of the major renal hemodynamic actions of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is to increase glomerular filtration rate (GFR). To assess the role of this effect on ANF-induced natriuresis (UNaV), diuresis (V) and kaliuresis (UKV) we performed late clamp experiments in six rats. After control periods (C), synthetic ANF (auriculin ...
Fried T A - - 1986
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a peptide originally found to be present in extracts of mammalian atria that possess marked natriuretic and diuretic qualities. A number of mechanisms have been suggested to explain these properties. Recently, it has been suggested that ANF may enhance glomerular filtration. In this report, we ...
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