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Results 451 - 500 of 749
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Rostagno C - - 1998
The relationship between impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BS) and the degree of sympathetic activation during exercise in patients with heart failure (HF) has not been studied in detail. For this purpose, we studied BS and measured plasma norepinephrine (NE) at rest, and during and after treadmill exercise in 15 patients and ...
De Crée C - - 1998
A single-subject experimental design was used to obtain some preliminary findings on the plasma responses of catecholestrogens (CE) to acute exercise and brief, but exhaustive training on a cycle ergometer. One previously untrained eumenorrheic female (body fat: 26% VO2max: 43.3 ml x kg(-1) x min[-1]) participated in this study. Resting ...
Pau K Y - - 1998
Pulsatile secretion of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is suppressed by alpha-adrenergic antagonists in ovariectomized (OVX) rabbits, thus suggesting that initiation of GnRH pulses requires the presence of norepinephrine (NE) stimulation. Terminals of NE neurons are located in proximity with GnRH cells in the hypothalamus, including the arcuate nucleus-median eminence (AME) ...
Schmidt W - - 1998
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the behavior of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP-(99-126)] concentration ([ANP]) and renal urodilatin [Uro; ANP-(95-126)] excretion during and after exercise and their possible effects on renal Na+ retention. Ten male subjects performed a cycle ergometer test for 60 min at 60% ...
Kloas W - - 1997
Changes in adrenal hormones during the complete developmental cycle from egg to juvenile were investigated in the amphibian Xenopus laevis. Whole-body concentrations of the adrenal steroids corticosterone (B), and aldosterone (Aldo) were determined by radioimmunoassay and those of the adrenal catecholamines epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (D) were determined ...
Shimauchi H - - 1997
We have previously demonstrated that detectable levels of prostaglandin E2 exist in periapical exudates (PE-PGE2) from root canals of periapical periodontitis. Our data from a cross-sectional study also suggested the association of PE-PGE2 concentrations with the active phase of periapical lesions. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Mulligan K A - - 1997
Both epinephrine (Epi) and vasopressin (VP) increase coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) when administered during cardiac arrest. Given their different mechanisms of action we tested the hypothesis that during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) a combination of VP plus Epi would be superior to either agent alone. Epi(40 microg/kg), VP(0.3 U/kg) and the ...
Davidson N C - - 1997
AIMS: Resting plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide rise with left ventricular dysfunction, but little is known about effects of cardiac ischaemia on atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide levels during exercise. We investigated exercise levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide in ...
Deng M C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that neurohormonal and immunological activation differs in ischemic and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy since recent intervention trials indicate that ischemic cardiomyopathy seems to carry a worse prognosis than idiopathic cardiomyopathy of comparable clinical severity. METHODS: In ten patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing spiroergometric evaluation venous levels ...
De Crée C - - 1997
It has been hypothesized that exercise-related hypo-estrogenemia occurs as a consequence of increased competition of catecholestrogens (CE) for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). This may result in higher norepinephrine (NE) concentrations, which could interfere with normal gonadotropin pulsatility. The present study investigates the effects of training on CE responses to acute exercise stress. ...
Skaare A B - - 1997
Previous studies on triclosan treatment of skin exposed to sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) indicated a protective rôle of zinc and an irritant effect of propylene glycol (PG). The aim was hence to examine whether zinc or PG also may affect SLS-induced oral mucosal reactions, and also to test the influence ...
Shiba M - - 1997
We investigated contact system activation in red cell concentrate in mannitol-adenine-phosphate (MAP) solution (RC-MAP) during storage and leukocyte removal filtration. The contact system activation was assessed in terms of bradykinin (BK) generation. The BK level in the RC-MAP transiently but significantly (p < 0.05) increased at 7 to 14 days ...
de Groote P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been published concerning exercise performance and hormonal activation. Previous studies have demonstrated the prognostic information of plasma levels of neurohormones at rest in patients with congestive heart failure. No study has examined the prognostic information of plasma levels of hormones at peak exercise. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive ...
Favier R - - 1997
To determine the effect of coca chewing on heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and plasma volume and their relationship with the hormones regulating cardiovascular and body fluid homeostasis, 16 male volunteers were examined at rest and during 1 h of cycle exercise at approximately 75% of their ...
Hanel B - - 1997
Pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), regional electrical impedance (Z0), and the distribution of technetium-99m-labeled erythrocytes together with concentration of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were determined before and after a 6-min "all-out" row in nine oarsmen and in six control subjects. Two and one-half hours after exercise in ...
Saló J - - 1997
Moderate physical exercise does not affect glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal excretory function in normal subjects. This study is aimed at assessing the effects of moderate physical exercise on renal function in 21 nonazotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites. Arterial pressure, heart rate, and renal function were assessed in the ...
Krunic N - - 1997
We have previously reported that prostaglandin(PG) E2 levels in sheep cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are high prenatally and abate rapidly after birth. This event may contribute to the establishment of continuous breathing. To explain this change, we have examined PG disposal mechanisms in the perinatal and adult (pregnant and non-pregnant animal) ...
Nishikimi T - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise on plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in patients with essential hypertension (n = 15) and in normotensive controls (n = 10). Exercise consisted of two fixed workloads, 40 and 80 ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
Neurohormonal responses to exercise have not been studied fully in patients with essential hypertension (HT). This study determined if neurohormonal responses to exercise are altered between three subgroups of HT categorized by basal plasma renin activity (PRA). Plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), PRA, angiotensin II (AII), and aldosterone ...
Morimoto A - - 1997
1. We investigated the effect of exercise on plasma adrenomedullin, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations and studied the relationship between these peptides and haemodynamic parameters in nine patients with old myocardial infarction (MI) and in eight normal subjects. 2. The exercise protocol consisted of two ...
Steele I C - - 1997
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are known to be elevated in patients with chronic heart failure at rest. While it is known that during exercise the circulating level of ANP increases in patients with heart failure, the response of BNP to exercise in these patients relative ...
Frey G C - - 1997
Catecholamine and lactate responses to incremental exercise were examined in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Three men with high-level (HINJ) and four with low-level (LINJ) SCI performed VO2peak exercise tests on an arm ergometer. Forearm venous blood samples taken at rest and at the end of each work stage ...
Camus G - - 1997
1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were studied. Their performance in the marathon ranged from 2 h 46 min to 4 h 42 min. 2. ...
Coker R H - - 1997
The contribution of sympathetic drive and vascular catecholamine delivery to the splanchnic bed during heavy exercise was studied in dogs that underwent a laparotomy during which flow probes were implanted onto the portal vein and hepatic artery and catheters were inserted into the carotid artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein. ...
Yamazaki T - - 1997
We applied a dialysis technique to the hearts of anesthetized cats and examined whether the concentration of dialysate norepinephrine (NE) reflected NE disposition at the cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. Dialysis probes were implanted in the left ventricular wall, and dialysate NE concentrations were measured as an index of myocardial interstitial ...
Asselin E - - 1997
At the time of recognition of pregnancy, the bovine conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) must produce a signal that will prevent luteolysis otherwise induced by pulsatile release of prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha from the uterus in response to oxytocin (OT). In ruminants, trophoblastic interferon tau (IFN-tau) released by the conceptus appears ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
1. Plasma norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II (ATII), aldosterone (ALD), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were measured in 20 male and 15 female subjects during submaximal treadmill test. 2. Exercise duration was not different between the two groups (male vs. female: 13.4 +/- 0.8 min vs. ...
Ogino K - - 1997
The effects of enalapril on exercise capacity and neurohumoral factors during exercise were evaluated in 10 patients with heart failure. Echocardiograms and exercise testing with expired gas analysis were performed before and after enalapril. Blood samples were obtained before and after exercise. Both ejection fraction and percent fractional shortening increased ...
Kelly P A - - 1997
It is generally accepted that plasma atrial natriuretic peptide release occurs secondary to atrial stretch. The influence of coordinated atrial contraction (AC) upon this process is not fully appreciated. The aim of the study was to determine the importance of coordinated AC upon peripheral atrial natriuretic peptide levels (alpha-hANP) during ...
Mascher H J - - 1997
A bioavailability study of 2 different selegiline preparations were conducted in 20 healthy volunteers to test the bioequivalence. Almost no bioavailability study of selegiline has been published. As plasma levels of selegiline are very low and the elimination half-life is very short being about 9 minutes, therefore, a very sensitive ...
Mudambo K S - - 1997
The maintenance of blood volume during exercise, especially in a hot environment, is of major importance for continued performance. In order to investigate the relationships between exercise, type and amount of fluid intake and the degree of acclimatization to heat stress and on responses of arginine vasopressin (AVP), atrial natriuretic ...
Dishman R K - - 1997
This paper summarizes our studies examining whether changes in levels of brain monoamines after chronic exercise are associated with altered behavioral and endocrine responses to stressors other than exercise. The focus is on using animal models relevant for understanding reports by humans that regular physical activity reduces depression and anxiety. ...
De Crée C - - 1997
Exercise-induced menstrual problems are accompanied by an increase in catecholestrogen (CE) formation. It has been hypothesized that hypoestrogenemia may be secondary to an increased turnover from estrogens to CE, which then may disrupt luteinizing hormone release. In addition, the strong affinity of CE for the catecholamine-deactivating enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has ...
Chati Z - - 1996
We investigated the relationship between exercise capacity and the level of neurohormonal activation at rest and during exercise in patients with various degrees of severity of chronic heart failure. We performed exercise testing with measurements of peak oxygen consumption (pVo2) and blood sampling at rest and at peak exercise in ...
Tanaka M - - 1996
Many factors have been reported to stimulate the release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as well as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In hypertensive patients, however, little is known about whether these factors differ from those in normotensive subjects or if they are influenced by antihypertensive treatment. We measured the plasma ...
Grant S M - - 1996
To investigate the effect of acute graded increases in plasma volume (PV) on fluid and regulatory hormone levels, eight untrained men (peak aerobic power 45.2 +/- 2.2 ml.kg-1.min-1) performed prolonged cycle exercise (46 +/- 4% maximal aerobic power on three occasions, namely, with no PV expansion (Con) and after 14% ...
Kohno M - - 1996
Cardiac ventricle is shown to be an important source of circulating brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in hypertensive rats with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study examined the effect of short-term exercise with a bicycle ergometer on plasma BNP concentrations in 21 essential hypertension patients with LVH established by echocardiography. The ...
Engelke K A - - 1996
We tested the hypothesis that one bout of maximal exercise performed at the conclusion of prolonged simulated microgravity would improve blood pressure stability during an orthostatic challenge. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma renin activity (PRA), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), ...
Tucker V L - - 1996
The relationship between plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (irANP) and radiolabeled albumin clearance (CBSA) in multiple tissues after graded volume stimuli was examined. To obtain a pure volume stimulus, pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats (5 or 6 per group) were equilibrated with a reservoir of blood by a femoral arteriovenous shunt, and ...
Leuenberger U - - 1996
To determine whether prejunctional angiotensin II receptors facilitate norepinephrine (NE) release during exercise, normal volunteers exercised at approximately 25 or approximately 65% of maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) on two occasions. Steady-state NE kinetics were determined at rest and during exercise by using infusions of [3H]NE. Arterial plasma NE and [3H]NE ...
Lang C C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: One suggested mechanism for the reduction in mortality rates resulting from the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in congestive heart failure is the inhibition of the angiotensin II-mediated norepinephrine release. Direct evidence for this mechanism is lacking in humans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of captopril, ...
McFarlane A C - - 1996
1. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and its analogues have been shown previously to inhibit corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)-induced adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) release, both in vivo and in vitro, and it has been suggested that ANF may be a, or the, physiological ACTH-inhibitory factor. To determine whether ANF is relevant in the regulation ...
Dunn A L - - 1996
Regional changes in concentrations of brain norepinephrine [NE] and its metabolites after chronic exercise have not been described for exercise protocols not confounded by other stressors. We examined levels of [NE], 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol [MHPG], and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol [DHPG] in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, pons-medulla, and spinal cord after 8 wk of exercise. ...
Naumann M - - 1996
While several radiological findings point towards the basal ganglia as a possible anatomical site of the lesion in dystonia patients the biochemical basis of the disorder is still unknown. 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) levels-the respective metabolites of serotonin and dopamine-were measured in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (lCSF) of ...
Geny B - - 1996
Exercise tolerance of heart transplant patients is often limited. Central and peripheral factors have been proposed to explain such exercise limitation but, to date, the leading factors remain to be determined. We examined how a short-term endurance exercise training programme may improve exercise capacity after heart transplantation, and whether atrial ...
Lind H - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of two sensory peptides calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P, reflected as circulating levels during provocation of the sympathetic nervous system. Levels in hypertensives, diabetics (NIDDM) and controls were assayed before, during and after an exercise test (average work ...
Jahnke A W - - 1995
Bicaval anastomoses in orthotopic cardiac transplantation offer the advantage of preserving the right atrial geometry. To elucidate the impact of this anastomotic technique on atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels at rest and with exercise, nine patients were submitted to a symptom-limited supine exercise test. Atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels in ...
Mandroukas K - - 1995
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), K+, Na+, blood lactate, heart rate, and blood pressure in moderately trained women. Ten healthy women were studied on a cycle ergometer during 20 min of constant submaximal and maximal exercise, as ...
Marumoto K - - 1995
To assess the role of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP, BNP) in maintaining cardiac performance at rest and during exercise in patients with cardiac dysfunction, we measured plasma levels of ANP and BNP during 201Tl dynamic exercise testing in 32 patients with angiographically proven old myocardial infarction (OMI) and ...
Braam B - - 1995
The present study was designed to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) antagonizes angiotensin II (Ang II) in modulating the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system. Maximum TGF responses were assessed by evaluating stop-flow pressure (SFP) responses to late proximal perfusion with artificial tubular fluid (40 nl/min). Peritubular capillary (PTC) infusion of 10(-3) ...
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