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Results 451 - 500 of 736
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Favier R - - 1997
To determine the effect of coca chewing on heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and plasma volume and their relationship with the hormones regulating cardiovascular and body fluid homeostasis, 16 male volunteers were examined at rest and during 1 h of cycle exercise at approximately 75% of their ...
Hanel B - - 1997
Pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), regional electrical impedance (Z0), and the distribution of technetium-99m-labeled erythrocytes together with concentration of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were determined before and after a 6-min "all-out" row in nine oarsmen and in six control subjects. Two and one-half hours after exercise in ...
Saló J - - 1997
Moderate physical exercise does not affect glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal excretory function in normal subjects. This study is aimed at assessing the effects of moderate physical exercise on renal function in 21 nonazotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites. Arterial pressure, heart rate, and renal function were assessed in the ...
Krunic N - - 1997
We have previously reported that prostaglandin(PG) E2 levels in sheep cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are high prenatally and abate rapidly after birth. This event may contribute to the establishment of continuous breathing. To explain this change, we have examined PG disposal mechanisms in the perinatal and adult (pregnant and non-pregnant animal) ...
Nishikimi T - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise on plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in patients with essential hypertension (n = 15) and in normotensive controls (n = 10). Exercise consisted of two fixed workloads, 40 and 80 ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
Neurohormonal responses to exercise have not been studied fully in patients with essential hypertension (HT). This study determined if neurohormonal responses to exercise are altered between three subgroups of HT categorized by basal plasma renin activity (PRA). Plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), PRA, angiotensin II (AII), and aldosterone ...
Morimoto A - - 1997
1. We investigated the effect of exercise on plasma adrenomedullin, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations and studied the relationship between these peptides and haemodynamic parameters in nine patients with old myocardial infarction (MI) and in eight normal subjects. 2. The exercise protocol consisted of two ...
Steele I C - - 1997
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are known to be elevated in patients with chronic heart failure at rest. While it is known that during exercise the circulating level of ANP increases in patients with heart failure, the response of BNP to exercise in these patients relative ...
Frey G C - - 1997
Catecholamine and lactate responses to incremental exercise were examined in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Three men with high-level (HINJ) and four with low-level (LINJ) SCI performed VO2peak exercise tests on an arm ergometer. Forearm venous blood samples taken at rest and at the end of each work stage ...
Camus G - - 1997
1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were studied. Their performance in the marathon ranged from 2 h 46 min to 4 h 42 min. 2. ...
Coker R H - - 1997
The contribution of sympathetic drive and vascular catecholamine delivery to the splanchnic bed during heavy exercise was studied in dogs that underwent a laparotomy during which flow probes were implanted onto the portal vein and hepatic artery and catheters were inserted into the carotid artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein. ...
Yamazaki T - - 1997
We applied a dialysis technique to the hearts of anesthetized cats and examined whether the concentration of dialysate norepinephrine (NE) reflected NE disposition at the cardiac sympathetic nerve terminals. Dialysis probes were implanted in the left ventricular wall, and dialysate NE concentrations were measured as an index of myocardial interstitial ...
Asselin E - - 1997
At the time of recognition of pregnancy, the bovine conceptus (embryo and associated membranes) must produce a signal that will prevent luteolysis otherwise induced by pulsatile release of prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha from the uterus in response to oxytocin (OT). In ruminants, trophoblastic interferon tau (IFN-tau) released by the conceptus appears ...
Kinugawa T - - 1997
1. Plasma norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II (ATII), aldosterone (ALD), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were measured in 20 male and 15 female subjects during submaximal treadmill test. 2. Exercise duration was not different between the two groups (male vs. female: 13.4 +/- 0.8 min vs. ...
Ogino K - - 1997
The effects of enalapril on exercise capacity and neurohumoral factors during exercise were evaluated in 10 patients with heart failure. Echocardiograms and exercise testing with expired gas analysis were performed before and after enalapril. Blood samples were obtained before and after exercise. Both ejection fraction and percent fractional shortening increased ...
Kelly P A - - 1997
It is generally accepted that plasma atrial natriuretic peptide release occurs secondary to atrial stretch. The influence of coordinated atrial contraction (AC) upon this process is not fully appreciated. The aim of the study was to determine the importance of coordinated AC upon peripheral atrial natriuretic peptide levels (alpha-hANP) during ...
Mascher H J - - 1997
A bioavailability study of 2 different selegiline preparations were conducted in 20 healthy volunteers to test the bioequivalence. Almost no bioavailability study of selegiline has been published. As plasma levels of selegiline are very low and the elimination half-life is very short being about 9 minutes, therefore, a very sensitive ...
Mudambo K S - - 1997
The maintenance of blood volume during exercise, especially in a hot environment, is of major importance for continued performance. In order to investigate the relationships between exercise, type and amount of fluid intake and the degree of acclimatization to heat stress and on responses of arginine vasopressin (AVP), atrial natriuretic ...
Dishman R K - - 1997
This paper summarizes our studies examining whether changes in levels of brain monoamines after chronic exercise are associated with altered behavioral and endocrine responses to stressors other than exercise. The focus is on using animal models relevant for understanding reports by humans that regular physical activity reduces depression and anxiety. ...
De Crée C - - 1997
Exercise-induced menstrual problems are accompanied by an increase in catecholestrogen (CE) formation. It has been hypothesized that hypoestrogenemia may be secondary to an increased turnover from estrogens to CE, which then may disrupt luteinizing hormone release. In addition, the strong affinity of CE for the catecholamine-deactivating enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has ...
Chati Z - - 1996
We investigated the relationship between exercise capacity and the level of neurohormonal activation at rest and during exercise in patients with various degrees of severity of chronic heart failure. We performed exercise testing with measurements of peak oxygen consumption (pVo2) and blood sampling at rest and at peak exercise in ...
Tanaka M - - 1996
Many factors have been reported to stimulate the release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as well as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). In hypertensive patients, however, little is known about whether these factors differ from those in normotensive subjects or if they are influenced by antihypertensive treatment. We measured the plasma ...
Grant S M - - 1996
To investigate the effect of acute graded increases in plasma volume (PV) on fluid and regulatory hormone levels, eight untrained men (peak aerobic power 45.2 +/- 2.2 ml.kg-1.min-1) performed prolonged cycle exercise (46 +/- 4% maximal aerobic power on three occasions, namely, with no PV expansion (Con) and after 14% ...
Kohno M - - 1996
Cardiac ventricle is shown to be an important source of circulating brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in hypertensive rats with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study examined the effect of short-term exercise with a bicycle ergometer on plasma BNP concentrations in 21 essential hypertension patients with LVH established by echocardiography. The ...
Engelke K A - - 1996
We tested the hypothesis that one bout of maximal exercise performed at the conclusion of prolonged simulated microgravity would improve blood pressure stability during an orthostatic challenge. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma renin activity (PRA), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), ...
Tucker V L - - 1996
The relationship between plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (irANP) and radiolabeled albumin clearance (CBSA) in multiple tissues after graded volume stimuli was examined. To obtain a pure volume stimulus, pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats (5 or 6 per group) were equilibrated with a reservoir of blood by a femoral arteriovenous shunt, and ...
Leuenberger U - - 1996
To determine whether prejunctional angiotensin II receptors facilitate norepinephrine (NE) release during exercise, normal volunteers exercised at approximately 25 or approximately 65% of maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) on two occasions. Steady-state NE kinetics were determined at rest and during exercise by using infusions of [3H]NE. Arterial plasma NE and [3H]NE ...
Lang C C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: One suggested mechanism for the reduction in mortality rates resulting from the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in congestive heart failure is the inhibition of the angiotensin II-mediated norepinephrine release. Direct evidence for this mechanism is lacking in humans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of captopril, ...
McFarlane A C - - 1996
1. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and its analogues have been shown previously to inhibit corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)-induced adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) release, both in vivo and in vitro, and it has been suggested that ANF may be a, or the, physiological ACTH-inhibitory factor. To determine whether ANF is relevant in the regulation ...
Dunn A L - - 1996
Regional changes in concentrations of brain norepinephrine [NE] and its metabolites after chronic exercise have not been described for exercise protocols not confounded by other stressors. We examined levels of [NE], 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol [MHPG], and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol [DHPG] in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, pons-medulla, and spinal cord after 8 wk of exercise. ...
Naumann M - - 1996
While several radiological findings point towards the basal ganglia as a possible anatomical site of the lesion in dystonia patients the biochemical basis of the disorder is still unknown. 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) levels-the respective metabolites of serotonin and dopamine-were measured in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (lCSF) of ...
Geny B - - 1996
Exercise tolerance of heart transplant patients is often limited. Central and peripheral factors have been proposed to explain such exercise limitation but, to date, the leading factors remain to be determined. We examined how a short-term endurance exercise training programme may improve exercise capacity after heart transplantation, and whether atrial ...
Lind H - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of two sensory peptides calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P, reflected as circulating levels during provocation of the sympathetic nervous system. Levels in hypertensives, diabetics (NIDDM) and controls were assayed before, during and after an exercise test (average work ...
Jahnke A W - - 1995
Bicaval anastomoses in orthotopic cardiac transplantation offer the advantage of preserving the right atrial geometry. To elucidate the impact of this anastomotic technique on atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels at rest and with exercise, nine patients were submitted to a symptom-limited supine exercise test. Atrial natriuretic peptide plasma levels in ...
Mandroukas K - - 1995
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), K+, Na+, blood lactate, heart rate, and blood pressure in moderately trained women. Ten healthy women were studied on a cycle ergometer during 20 min of constant submaximal and maximal exercise, as ...
Marumoto K - - 1995
To assess the role of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP, BNP) in maintaining cardiac performance at rest and during exercise in patients with cardiac dysfunction, we measured plasma levels of ANP and BNP during 201Tl dynamic exercise testing in 32 patients with angiographically proven old myocardial infarction (OMI) and ...
Braam B - - 1995
The present study was designed to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) antagonizes angiotensin II (Ang II) in modulating the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system. Maximum TGF responses were assessed by evaluating stop-flow pressure (SFP) responses to late proximal perfusion with artificial tubular fluid (40 nl/min). Peritubular capillary (PTC) infusion of 10(-3) ...
Birnbaum B A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the degree and timing of peak hepatic enhancement, optimal scanning intervals, and optimal delay times of moderate-rate uniphasic and biphasic contrast material injection protocols for hepatic helical CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty patients were randomized into three injection protocols, ...
Azizi C - - 1995
Spontaneous and experimental rises of intracardiac pressure and/or volume increase the level of atrial natriuretic (ANP) mRNA in rat atrial tissue. There is expanding evidence that ANP synthesis is increased in the ventricle under such conditions. However, little is known with regard to the myocardial ANP synthesis response to physical ...
Antezana A M - - 1995
Acute and chronic exposure to high-altitude (HA) hypoxia inhibits the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and may modify the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in sea-level (SL) natives. In HA natives, the release of these hormones could be influenced by changes in blood volume or pulmonary arterial pressure. Twenty-four men residing in ...
Angus R M - - 1995
The reduced ability of inhaled compared with intravenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) to modify bronchial reactivity and tone may be due to degradation of the peptide by neutral endopeptidase (NEP) within the airways. To test this hypothesis, we have examined the effect of thiorphan, an NEP inhibitor, on the protection ...
Madsen B K - - 1995
Survival in congestive heart failure is related to plasma catecholamines and atrial natriuretic peptide at rest, but the prognostic importance of changes during exercise is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of catecholamines and atrial natriuretic peptide at rest and during maximal exercise in ...
Smit A J - - 1995
Close relations exist between the peripheral dopaminergic system, and the sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system: D1 dopamine receptor stimulation-induced vasodilation may activate the sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin system in vivo, presynaptic D2 dopamine receptor stimulation is known to inhibit stimulated norepinephrine release from sympathetic nerve terminals, in experimental conditions both ...
Tanaka M - - 1995
To determine the major stimuli for the release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), we measured their plasma concentrations in 14 normal subjects and 19 patients with essential hypertension during exercise with a bicycle ergometer. The plasma levels of both hormones at baseline were significantly higher ...
Pagliari R - - 1995
Cortical norepinephrine (NE) release and metabolism were studied by using chronic microdialysis in rats performing a treadmill exercise at 25 m/min with a 3% slope. Cortical microdialysates and peripheral blood were collected at rest, during 1- or 2-h treadmill running, and for 1 h after exercise. Microdialysate NE and its ...
Kokkonen U M - - 1995
To study the exercise-induced changes in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a hormone with cardiovascular and renal effects, an incremental submaximal exercise test on a high-speed treadmill was carried out with Standardbred and Finnhorse trotters, the former bred for speed and the latter originally for heavy work. Standardbreds performed the 2 ...
Marumoto K - - 1995
1. This study was conducted to assess the role of artrial and brain natriuretic peptides during acute myocardial ischaemia associated with dynamic exercise. 2. Study subjects consisted of 35 angiographically proven patients with angina pectoris and 35 angiographically normal control subjects. All subjects underwent 201Tl dynamic exercise testing. The presence ...
Ukai M - - 1995
The effects of recombinant alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha-hANP) infusion an acute left ventricular dysfunction provoked by exercise were examined in 14 men with coronary artery disease. Patients performed symptom-limited, graded exercise on a supine bicycle ergometer. Plasma alpha-hANP and guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) concentrations as well as hemodynamic variables ...
Stevens T L - - 1995
Asymptomatic or early left ventricular dysfunction in humans is characterized by increases in circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) without activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). We previously reported a canine model of early left ventricular dysfunction (ELVD) produced by rapid ventricular pacing and characterized by an identical neurohumoral profile and ...
Moe L - - 1995
The glomerular filtration rates (GFR) of 18 dogs of different breeds were estimated by simultaneously comparing the plasma decay curves of 99M-Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Tc-DTPA) and the contrast medium iohexol. Nine of the dogs were clinically healthy, and nine had renal disease. After the intravenous injection of the two substances, nine ...
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