Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 946
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Saey Didier - - 2011
Summary of: Troosters T et al (2010) Resistance training prevents deterioration in quadriceps muscle function during acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181: 1072-1077. [Prepared by Kylie Hill, CAP Editor.] In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hospitalised with an acute exacerbation, ...
Santaella Danilo F - - 2011
Since ageing is associated with a decline in pulmonary function, heart rate variability and spontaneous baroreflex, and recent studies suggest that yoga respiratory exercises may improve respiratory and cardiovascular function, we hypothesised that yoga respiratory training may improve respiratory function and cardiac autonomic modulation in healthy elderly subjects. 76 healthy ...
Mitsuhashi Toshitake - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of long-term detraining on metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods: 1109 Japanese men were categorized by their exercise habits. Clinical data, number of MetS risk factors, and differences in lifestyle-related behaviors of the non-training group (n = 233) and the ...
Temfemo Abdou - - 2011
Background: Research on cardiac rehabilitation has raised interesting methods and effects without however establishing the share of the profits according to age, sex and cardiac pathology. Yet today, this disease with various pathologies strikes people of all ages and both sexes, and the recommended rehabilitation exercise intensity is often the ...
Jacobs Kevin A - - 2011
Abstract Jacobs, Kevin A., Jochen Kressler, Mark Stoutenberg, Bernard A. Roos, and Anne L. Friedlander. Sildenafil has little influence on cardiovascular hemodynamics or 6-km time trial performance in trained men and women at simulated high altitude. High Alt. Med. Biol. 12: 215-222, 2011.-Sildenafil improves maximal exercise capacity at high altitudes ...
Mendes Edmar Lacerda - - 2011
Lipodystrophy is common in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy, and presents with morphologic changes and metabolic alterations that are associated with depressive behavior and reduced quality of life. We examined the effects of exercise training on morphological changes, lipid profile and quality of life ...
Vogel T - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a short-term Intermittent Work Exercise Program (IWEP) among healthy elderly subjects. Study design and setting: This longitudinal prospective study took place at the Strasbourg University Hospital geriatric department. Study participants: One hundred and fifty older volunteers, previously determined ...
De Luca Alessio - - 2011
Regular training, in particular endurance exercise, induces structural myocardial adaptation, so-called "athlete's heart". In addition to the 2D standard echo parameters, assessment of myocardial function is currently possible by deformation parameters (strain, rotation and twist). Aim of study is to assess the role of rotation and twist parameters for better ...
Sitjà-Rabert Mercè - - 2011
Institutionalized older persons have a poor functional capacity. Including physical exercise in their routine activities decreases their frailty and improves their quality of life. Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is a type of exercise that seems beneficial in frail older persons to improve their functional mobility, but the evidence is inconclusive. ...
Kwok Timothy C Y - - 2011
Studies on the effect of a low intensity coordination exercise on the elderly with limited mobility are sparse. This prospective study attempted to compare the effectiveness of a customized coordination exercise and a strength exercise in improving the cognitive functioning and physical mobility on the elderly. Participants from two centers ...
Chen Yu-Ching - - 2011
The skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-related glucose transport pathway is involved in glucose homeostasis. In this study, we examined whether obese control Zucker rats had abnormal expression of proteins in the LKB1-AMPK-AS160-GLUT4 pathway in red gastrocnemius muscle compared to that in lean (normal) control Zucker rats. We also compared ...
Teixeira de Lemos Edite - - 2011
This study compares the effects of a single bout of exercise (acute extenuating) with those promoted by an exercise training program (chronic), focusing on low-grade chronic inflammation profile and on oxidative stress status, using the obese ZDF rats as a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Animals were sacrificed ...
Roque Fernanda R - - 2011
Aerobic exercise training prevents cardiovascular risks. Regular exercise promotes functional and structural adaptations that are associated with several cardiovascular benefits. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of swimming training on coronary blood flow, adenosine production and cardiac capillaries in normotensive rats. Wistar rats were randomly divided ...
Lira Fábio S - - 2011
Aging and physical inactivity are two factors that favors the development of cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, and sleep dysfunction. In contrast, the adoption a habitual of moderate exercise may present a non-pharmacological treatment alternative for sleep and metabolic disorders. We aimed to assess the effects of moderate exercise ...
Martín-Cordero Leticia - - 2011
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a metabolic disorder associated with obesity, type-II diabetes, and "low grade inflammation", with the concomitant increased risk of cardiovascular events. Removal of the inflammatory mediator signals is a promising strategy to protect against insulin resistance, obesity, and other problems associated with MS such as cardiovascular disease. ...
Quinlivan Rosaline - - 2011
McArdle disease is a rare metabolic myopathy caused by a complete absence of the enzyme muscle glycogen phosphorylase. Affected people experience symptoms of fatigue and cramping within minutes of exercise and are at risk for acute muscle injury (rhabdomyolysis) and acute renal failure. If the first few minutes of exercise ...
Zainuldin Rahizan - - 2011
Intensity of exercise is considered a key determinant of training response, however, no systematic review has investigated the effects of different levels of training intensity on exercise capacity, functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As type of training (continuous ...
Ganderton Louise - - 2011
Advances in the understanding and management of pulmonary arterial hypertension have enabled earlier diagnosis and improved prognosis. However, despite best available therapy, symptoms of exertional dyspnoea and fatigue are commonly reported and result in a reduced capacity to perform daily activities and impaired quality of life. Exercise training has demonstrated ...
Capodaglio Paolo - - 2011
Improving balance and reducing risk of falls is a relevant issue in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). The present study aims to quantify the effect of a mixed training program on balance in patients with PWS. Eleven adult PWS patients (mean age: 33.8 ± 4.3 years; mean BMI: 43.3 ± 5.9 Kg/m2) ...
Monteiro Juliana C - - 2011
Popular Brazilian medicine uses Heteropterys aphrodisiaca infusion as a tonic or stimulant, for the treatment of nervous debility and breakdown and for muscle and bone weakness. This study investigated the effects of Heteropterys aphrodisiaca infusion on the tendon properties and extracellular matrix of rats under endurance training. Wistar rats were ...
Al-Jarrah Muhammed D - - 2011
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in elderly. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), calcium-binding protein (S100B), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are brain damage markers. The main goal of this study is to investigate the expression of these markers in the striatum (ST) of chronic/progressive mouse ...
Supariwala Azhar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Normal exercise single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies are associated with a low event rate (<1.0%/year) during short-term follow-up. The influence of cardiac risk factors on long-term outcomes in such patients has not been well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 2,597 patients (55 ± 12 years, male 41%) without a history of heart ...
Parkhouse Kelly L - - 2011
Minimal evidence supports the claim that core stability training transfers into improved performance and the most effective training method to perform core exercises is still unknown. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of a 6 week unstable static versus unstable dynamic core training program, on field ...
Kathiresan Ganesan - - 2010
Exercise for people with COPD has focused on leg training, such as walking and cycling. The role and effectiveness of arm training has not been investigated in detail. This review was undertaken to examine the literature for the effectiveness of upper extremity exercise on arm exercise capacity and arm strength ...
Nozaki S - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the range of motion exercise of the temporo-mandibular joint (jaw ROM exercise) with a hot pack and massage of the masseter muscle improve biting disorder in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The subjects were 18 DMD patients (21.3+/- 4.1 years old). The ...
McCutcheon L J - - 2010
There is evidence that extensive training in cool conditions results in improvements to heat dissipation that contribute to successful acclimatisation. In horses, the effects of a less extensive training regimen have not been determined. This study investigated whether 10 consecutive days of moderate intensity treadmill training in cool conditions would ...
Fonseca R G - - 2010
Fitness assessment can be challenging. The use of global positioning systems (GPS) with heart rate (HR) monitors has been promising; however, evaluation of speed parameters during training has not been reported. To evaluate speed indices during training in Thoroughbreds using a GPS-HR monitor. Thoroughbreds (n = 102) were assessed during ...
Ferraz G C - - 2010
This study was designed to consider the complexity of the physical effort inherent to horses in polo competitions and the absence of reports in the literature on the effort, intensity and electrolyte changes resulting from a collective team training session aimed at preparing for a polo championship. To determine the ...
Robert C - - 2010
Limited information exists about the physiological training-induced changes in electrolyte balance of horses competing in long distance endurance races. To determine the effects of endurance training and racing on hydration and electrolyte balance in horses. Blood and urine were sampled at rest in 8 endurance horses before training and after ...
Wang Youhua - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) has been shown to induce endothelial dysfunction in peripheral resistance arteries and thus increase peripheral resistance. This study was designed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of post-MI-related dysfunctional dilatation of peripheral resistance arteries and, furthermore, to examine whether exercise may restore dysfunctional dilatation of peripheral resistance arteries. ...
de León Gustavo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of using myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with intravenous atropine administration at the end of submaximal exercise testing. One milligram of atropine was administered intravenously at the end of exercise testing to 172 patients who underwent a ...
Sakthivelavan D S - - 2010
This study was aimed at comparing the maximal power output by resistance trained and endurance trained athletes during incremental exercise. Thirty male athletes who received resistance training (Group I) and thirty male athletes of similar age group who received endurance training (Group II) for a period of more than 1 ...
Huang Li-Ling - - 2010
In order to determine whether exercise-induced profuse sweating could reduce urinary uric acid excretion, we simulated badminton players training and measured their uric acid in urine, sweat and blood during the training period. Thirteen male volunteers who were well-trained badminton players were recruited in this study. On the first 2 ...
Bansal Arvin - - 2010
Exercise has been shown to improve function of the left ventricle (LV) following myocardial infarction (MI). The mechanisms to explain this benefit have not been fully delineated, but may involve improved mechanics resulting in unloading effects and increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase levels [1,2]. Accordingly, the goal of this study ...
Flores Lucinar J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in ovariectomized rats submitted to myocardial infarction. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into the following ovariectomized groups: sedentary ovariectomized (SO), trained ovariectomized (TO), sedentary ovariectomized infarcted (SOI), and trained ovariectomized infarcted ...
Hu Xiquan - - 2010
The present study was aimed at examining the role of physical exercise in the improvement of damaged neural function and the induction of angiogenesis. An infarction model was induced by ligating the left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in a total of 66 adult Sprague-Dawley rats that were further randomly ...
Chen Ching-Yi - - 2010
To explore whether exercise can improve cardiac function in a post-myocardial infarction (MI) rabbit model and to determine contributing factors in the left ventricle (LV). Adult male New Zealand White rabbits (2.5-3 kg) underwent MI by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. For 8 weeks after surgery, sham-operated, ...
Nagayama Osamu - - 2010
The overshoot in oxygen uptake (VO2 overshoot) during recovery from maximal exercise is thought to reflect an overshoot in cardiac output. We investigated whether this phenomenon is related to cardiopulmonary function during exercise in cardiac patients. A total of 201 consecutive patients with previous myocardial infarction underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing ...
Barry Curtis T - - 2010
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires fellows in many specialties to demonstrate attainment of 6 core competencies, yet relatively few validated assessment tools currently exist. We present our initial experience with the design and implementation of a standardized patient (SP) exercise during gastroenterology fellowship that facilitates appraisal of ...
Chow Clara K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although preventive drug therapy is a priority after acute coronary syndrome, less is known about adherence to behavioral recommendations. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of adherence to behavioral recommendations in the short term on risk of cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population ...
Quindry John C - - 2010
Increased myocardial cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity is essential for late phase ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Currently unknown is whether cardioprotection elicited by exercise also involves elevated myocardial COX-2 activity. This investigation tested whether aerobic exercise elevates myocardial COX-2 protein content or enzyme activity in young and senescent male Fisher 344 rats assigned ...
Pierre-Louis Bredy - - 2010
A treadmill exercise sestamibi stress test (TESST) was performed in 609 consecutive diabetic persons with a mean age of 70 years and no history of coronary artery disease (CAD) who were referred for a TESST because of chest pain or dyspnea. Of 609 patients, 301 (49%) had a predicted exercise ...
Shabani Ramin - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) on exercise capacity and rate pressure product (RPP) in Iranian female patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Hamadan, Iran. Sixty women after CABG were assigned into an exercise group (n = 30, mean ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2010
Supervised exercise cardiac rehabilitation programs have been suggested to all patients specially patients with post-myocardial infarction (MI) for many years. However, limited information is available on the usefulness of exercise rehabilitation programs in chronic MI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of supervised exercise training on ...
Bito Virginie - - 2010
AIMS: Exercise started early after myocardial infarction (MI) improves in vivo cardiac function and myofilament responsiveness to Ca(2+). We investigated whether this represents partial or complete reversal of cellular remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice with MI following left coronary ligation were given free access to a running wheel (MI(EXE), N ...
Beisvag Vidar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate changes that occur during progression and establishment of physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy, by microarray technology and functional annotations. DESIGN AND METHODS: Myocardial infarction leading to heart failure was induced in rats, with animals killed 1, 3, 7, 14, 42, and 92 days after ...
Yuasa Fumio - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and exercise capacity, we examined arterial BRS and its relation to exercise capacity during upright bicycle exercise in 40 uncomplicated patients with acute myocardial infarction. Arterial BRS was measured 3 weeks (20 +/- 5 days) after acute myocardial infarction and assessed ...
Michaelides Andreas - - 2011
The incorporation of right-sided chest leads (V(3)R-V(5)R) into the standard exercise testing has been reported to improve its diagnostic accuracy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of exercise testing in detecting right ventricular (RV) dysfunction post myocardial infarction (MI) of the inferior wall, using additional V(3)R-V(5)R ...
de Waard Monique C - - 2009
We investigated the effects of voluntary wheel running before an acute myocardial infarction (MI) on survival, left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction and whether exercise before and after MI provides superior protection compared with either exercise intervention alone. After 2 wk of voluntary wheel running or sedentary housing, MI was ...
Crosbie Jack - - 2009
Objective. To investigate the effect of interval training supported by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) on ambulation ability in complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods. We trained four men with sensorimotor-complete (ASIA A) SCI, who achieved gait through FES of the quadriceps femoris, gluteus maximus, and common peroneal nerve on each side on ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >