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Results 351 - 400 of 946
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Duncan Pamela W - - 2011
Locomotor training, including the use of body-weight support in treadmill stepping, is a physical therapy intervention used to improve recovery of the ability to walk after stroke. The effectiveness and appropriate timing of this intervention have not been established. We stratified 408 participants who had had a stroke 2 months ...
Gruber W - - 2011
The aim of our study was to evaluate the responses to an exercise programme with respect to initial fitness in subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF). 72 subjects (42 female) aged 10-43 yrs (forced expiratory volume in 1 s of 62.0 ± 26.7% predicted) were included. Participants were divided into three ...
Shaw I - - 2011
This study compared the effects of aerobic, resistance and concurrent aerobic and resistance training on pulmonary function and cardiorespiratory endurance in at-risk smokers. 50 sedentary, male smokers with pulmonary function impairments at risk for developing chronic lung diseases were randomly assigned to an aerobic (AerG;n=12), resistance (ResG;n=13), concurrent (ConG;n=13) or ...
Hordern Matthew D - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetic conditions such as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are rapidly increasing in prevalence. There is compelling evidence that T2DM is more likely to develop in individuals who are insufficiently active. Exercise training, often in combination with other lifestyle strategies, ...
Hussey S E - - 2011
We investigated the effects of exercise training on adipose tissue and skeletal muscle GLUT4 expression in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Muscle and adipose tissue samples were obtained before and after 4- weeks of exercise training in 7 patients with T2D (47±2 yrs, BMI 28±2). Seven control subjects (54±4, ...
Blomstrand Eva - - 2011
During exercise involving a small muscle mass, peak oxygen uptake is thought to be limited by peripheral factors, such as the degree of oxygen extraction from the blood and/or mitochondrial oxidative capacity. Previously, the maximal activity of the Krebs cycle enzyme oxoglutarate dehydrogenase has been shown to provide a quantitative ...
Robinson Matthew M - - 2011
Consuming protein following exercise has been shown to stimulate protein synthesis acutely in skeletal muscle and has been recommended to prevent sarcopenia. It is not known, however, whether acute stimulation persists long term or includes muscle cell division. We asked here whether consuming protein following exercise during aerobic training increases ...
Prado Danilo M - - 2011
Exercise training has emerged as a potential therapeutic strategy to counteract the decline in physical function and aerobic capacity in pediatric rheumatic disease. Purpose: we report for the first time on the effects of exercise training in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS:: A 15-year-old boy ...
Simmons Grant H GH Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2011
Heat is the most abundant byproduct of cellular metabolism. As such, dynamic exercise in which a significant percentage of muscle mass is engaged generates thermoregulatory demands that are met in part by increases in skin blood flow. Increased skin blood flow during exercise adds to the demands on cardiac output ...
Hody Stephanie - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: DOMS (Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness), a condition triggered by eccentric exercise, affects muscle cells at a biochemical level in a poorly understood fashion. The objective of the present study was to examine human muscle proteome modifications induced by strenuous eccentric exercises following a specific training aimed to prevent DOMS. METHODS:: ...
Chang Heng-Chih - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Exercise increases neuron survival and plasticity in the adult brain by enhancing the uptake of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Exercise also reduces the infarct volume in the ischemic brain and improves motor function after such a brain insult. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully known. The purpose ...
Sturek Michael - - 2011
Chronic exercise attenuates coronary artery disease (CAD) in humans largely independent of reductions in risk factors; thus major protective mechanisms of exercise are directly within the coronary vasculature. Further, tight control of diabetes, e.g., blood glucose, can be detrimental. Accordingly, knowledge of mechanisms by which exercise attenuates diabetic CAD could ...
Terzis Gerasimos - - 2011
Pompe disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the deficiency of acid α-glycosidase resulting in lysosomal accumulation of glycogen. The late-onset disease form is characterized by progressive skeletal and respiratory muscle dysfunction. In addition to the recently introduced enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), treatments such as protein-enriched diet and ...
Carroll C C - - 2011
Millions of older individuals consume acetaminophen or ibuprofen daily and these same individuals are encouraged to participate in resistance training. Several in vitro studies suggest that cyclooxygenase-inhibiting drugs can alter tendon metabolism and may influence adaptations to resistance training. Thirty-six individuals were randomly assigned to a placebo (67 ± 2 ...
Derbré Frederic - - 2012
Low mitochondriogenesis is critical to explain loss of muscle function in aging and in the development of frailty. The aim of this work was to explain the mechanism by which mitochondriogenesis is decreased in aging and to determine to which extent it may be prevented by exercise training. We used ...
Chen Guo-Qing - - 2011
MuRF1 E3 ubiquitin ligase has been identified as a mediator of skeletal muscle wasting in various skeletal muscle atrophy models, and its expression is upregulated by oxidative stress. Exercise training could decrease oxidative stress and restore the atrophied skeletal muscle. Here, our aim was to investigate whether exercise training has ...
van der Meer Suzan - - 2011
Background: Advantages of outpatient exercise training are reduced waiting lists, better compliance, reduced time investment by the patient with reduced travel expenses, and less dependence on other people to participate. Therefore, this systematic review studies the effects of outpatient exercise training programmes compared with usual care on exercise capacity, exercise ...
de Sousa Maysa Vieira - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of carbohydrate supplementation on free plasma DNA and conventional markers of training and tissue damage in long-distance runners undergoing an overload training program. Twenty-four male runners were randomly assigned to two groups (CHO group and control group). The participants were ...
McNarry Melitta A - - 2011
A maturational threshold has been suggested to be present in young peoples' responses to exercise, with significant influences of training status evidenced only above this threshold. The presence of such a threshold has not been investigated for short-term, high-intensity exercise. To address this, we investigated the relationship between swim-training status ...
Gündüz F - - 2011
This study investigated the effect of exercise training on that flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in gastrocnemius muscle arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). SHR and WKY rats were divided into sedentary and exercised groups. After swimming exercise for eight weeks, the isolated arteries were mounted on pressurized myograph and FMD responses ...
Davison Glen - - 2011
Sprint interval training (SIT) is a potent stimulus for physiological and metabolic adaptations comparable with those induced by traditional "aerobic" endurance training. There has been a great deal of recent research on SIT, which may lead to increased use of this type of training. The purpose of the present study ...
Hopkins N D - - 2011
Flow mediated dilation (FMD) is a surrogate marker of arterial function which can be improved by exercise training. To date, no study has assessed the magnitude of FMD changes in response to exercise training between groups of mono- (MZ) and di-zygotic (DZ) twins. The purpose of this study was therefore ...
Hagberg James M - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors are highly heritable, and numerous lines of evidence indicate they have a strong genetic basis. While there is nothing known about the interactive effects of genetics and exercise training on CVD itself, there is at least some literature addressing their interactive effect on ...
Heaps Cristine L - - 2011
Coronary collateral vessels serve as a natural protective mechanism to provide coronary flow to ischemic myocardium secondary to critical coronary artery stenosis. The innate collateral circulation of the normal human heart is typically minimal and considerable variability occurs in extent of collateralization in coronary artery disease patients. A well-developed collateral ...
Smith Kelly M - - 2011
Objective To compare the long-term effectiveness of hospital versus telephone-monitored home-based exercise training during cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on exercise capacity and habitual physical activity. Design Six-year follow-up of patients who participated in a randomised controlled trial of hospital versus monitored home-based exercise training during CR after coronary artery bypass graft ...
Bondke Persson A - - 2011
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is on the rise in an aging population, significantly affecting quality of life, morbidity and mortality. Besides medical treatment and surgical or interventional revascularization, supervised exercise programs are a primary treatment modality for PAD. Training may significantly increase pain-free walking time (+ 180 ...
Han Kyungmo - - 2011
Several researchers have suggested that improving evertor strength and peroneus longus reaction time may help alleviate the symptoms of chronic ankle instability and reduce the rate of recurrent ankle sprains. To determine the effectiveness of a 4-wk elastic-resistance exercise-training program on ankleevertor strength and peroneus longus latency in subjects with ...
Alberga Angela S - - 2011
Resistance training-also known as strength or weight training-has been well recognized by several national organizations as a safe and beneficial exercise modality for the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Resistance exercise improves muscular strength and can improve body composition (eg, increase lean body mass and decrease percent body ...
Anagnostakou Vania - - 2011
Exercise training confers beneficial effects on vascular reactivity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This randomized study compares the effects of interval cycle training combined with strength training versus interval training alone on vascular reactivity in CHF patients. Twenty-eight consecutive stable CHF patients (23 males, 53 ± 10 years, ...
Prior B M - - 2011
This study examined the capacity of collateral dependent blood flow induced by a prolonged treadmill training program, as compared to a low collateral resistance model created by femoral artery to vein (A-V) shunt. Sprague-Dawley rats, with bilateral femoral artery occlusion were confined to cage activity (Sed, n=9) or trained by ...
Howells Debbie - - 2011
With a background in fitness, the benefit of exercise in pregnancy and the postnatal period is a big passion of mine. I have trained and studied in this area since 1999, and have worked as a midwife in community, low risk and an obstetric unit for the last eight years. ...
Touvra Anna-Maria - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a combined strength and aerobic training program on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and transforming growth factor-β1 in patients with type 2 diabetes. Ten patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 55.5 (5) years [median (IQR)] participated in a supervised ...
Smart Neil A - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:110-114. (©) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Systemic inflammation is associated with cardiovascular disease, especially the end stages of heart failure (HF). The authors sought to determine by systematic review whether physical therapy reduces serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in HF patients. Potential studies were identified from a ...
Lorenz Daniel - - 2011
The benefits and proposed physiological mechanisms of eccentric exercise have previously been elucidated and eccentric exercise has been used for well over seventy years. Traditionally, eccentric exercise has been used as a regular component of strength training. However, in recent years, eccentric exercise has been used in rehabilitation to manage ...
Sherrington Catherine - - 2011
This systematic review update includes 54 randomised controlled trials and confirms that exercise as a single intervention can prevent falls (pooled rate ratio 0.84, 95% CI 0.77-0.91). Meta-regression revealed programs that included balance training, contained a higher dose of exercise and did not include walking training to have the greatest ...
Nishizawa Mikio - - 2011
Flavanol-rich lychee fruit extract (FRLFE) is a processed lychee fruit extract that is higher in flavanols (monomers, dimers and trimers) than its unprocessed counterpart. FRLFE exerts antioxidant activities in vitro and is expected to protect against inflammation and tissue damage. However, the physiological effects of FRLFE intake have not been ...
Johnston Catherine L - - 2011
To determine the current structure and content of pulmonary rehabilitation programs in Australia. A cross sectional, observational design using a purpose designed anonymous written survey. The National database of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs maintained by the Australian Lung Foundation was used to identify all known programs in all states and territories ...
Weustink A C - - 2012
To conduct a comparison of the diagnostic performance of exercise bicycle testing and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for the detection of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable angina. 376 symptomatic patients (254 men, 122 women, mean age 60.4 ± 10.0 ...
Zainuldin Rahizan - - 2011
Intensity of exercise is considered a key determinant of training response, however, no systematic review has investigated the effects of different levels of training intensity on exercise capacity, functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As type of training (continuous ...
Santaella Danilo F - - 2011
Since ageing is associated with a decline in pulmonary function, heart rate variability and spontaneous baroreflex, and recent studies suggest that yoga respiratory exercises may improve respiratory and cardiovascular function, we hypothesised that yoga respiratory training may improve respiratory function and cardiac autonomic modulation in healthy elderly subjects. 76 healthy ...
Souza-Junior Tácito P - - 2011
The purpose of the current study was to compare strength and hypertrophy responses to resistance training programs that instituted constant rest intervals (CI) and decreasing rest intervals (DI) between sets over the course of eight weeks by trained men who supplemented with creatine monohydrate (CR). Twenty-two recreationally trained men were ...
Chen Yu-Ching - - 2011
The skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-related glucose transport pathway is involved in glucose homeostasis. In this study, we examined whether obese control Zucker rats had abnormal expression of proteins in the LKB1-AMPK-AS160-GLUT4 pathway in red gastrocnemius muscle compared to that in lean (normal) control Zucker rats. We also compared ...
Hanada Satoru S Department of Medical System Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan. - - 2011
Anaerobic endurance training (AET) can improve sympathomimetic hyperactivity, and anaerobic interval training (AIT) is recommended for patients who cannot exercise due to exertional breathlessness and leg fatigue. However, the difference in sympathetic nerve activation (SNA) and parasympathetic nerve activation (PNA) during AIT and AET is unclear. The aim of this ...
Monteiro Juliana C - - 2011
Popular Brazilian medicine uses Heteropterys aphrodisiaca infusion as a tonic or stimulant, for the treatment of nervous debility and breakdown and for muscle and bone weakness. This study investigated the effects of Heteropterys aphrodisiaca infusion on the tendon properties and extracellular matrix of rats under endurance training. Wistar rats were ...
Ferguson-Stegall Lisa - - 2011
Carbohydrate-protein supplementation has been found to increase the rate of training adaptation when provided postresistance exercise. The present study compared the effects of a carbohydrate and protein supplement in the form of chocolate milk (CM), isocaloric carbohydrate (CHO), and placebo on training adaptations occurring over 4.5 weeks of aerobic exercise ...
Estrella-Holder Estrellita - - 2011
Exercise training in heart failure is safe, useful and effective therapy in the management of heart failure patients. Contrary to the old belief, it does not worsen cardiac function. Smaller studies also reported reduction in mortality and morbidity associated with exercise training. The available data support training HF patients to ...
Chang Ya-Ju - - 2011
Effective treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS)-associated central fatigue have not been established. Surface functional electrical stimulation (FES), which can challenge the peripheral neuromuscular system without overloading the central nervous system, is a relatively safe therapeutic strategy. We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of surface FES training on the levels ...
Mansouri Masoumeh - - 2011
We designed this study, to investigate the predicting effect of a single resistance exercise session on serum level of RBP4 and adiponectin in trained and untrained subjects and to evaluate whether regular training may affect the response of these adipokines to exercise. Thirty four healthy young male students including 19 ...
Bartolomeo Luca L Global Robot Academia, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan. - - 2011
The training in the surgical practice is of paramount importance to prepare the residents in performing surgical procedures on human subject and to provide exercise on new techniques for experienced surgeons. Usually, these trainings are carried out on live animals or in virtual environments and dry boxes; the complexity of ...
Kim Seung-Jae SJ Newman Laboratory for Biomechanics and Human Rehabilitation at MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2011
We are investigating different adaptive strategies for training with the MIT-Skywalker, a novel robotic device for gait training. In this paper, we describe our studies on an implicit "visual distortion" paradigm and demonstrate its potential on a set of experiments with healthy subjects. Our results suggest that a gradual distortion ...
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