Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 946
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Servantes Denise Maria - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effects of home-based exercise for patients with chronic heart failure and sleep apnoea and to compare two different training programmes. Design: A randomized, prospective controlled trial. Setting: Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Brazil. Subjects: Fifty chronic heart failure patients with sleep apnoea were randomized in three ...
Moholdt Trine - - 2011
Objective: Exercise capacity strongly predicts survival and aerobic interval training (AIT) increases peak oxygen uptake effectively in cardiac patients. Usual care in Norway provides exercise training at the hospitals following myocardial infarction (MI), but the effect and actual intensity of these rehabilitation programmes are unknown. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: ...
Marinho R - - 2011
Hepatic insulin resistance is the major contributor to fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. The protein kinase Akt plays a central role in the suppression of gluconeogenesis involving forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), and in the control of glycogen synthesis involving the ...
Libardi Cleiton Augusto - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of moderate- to high-intensity resistance and concurrent training on inflammatory biomarkers and functional capacity in sedentary middle-aged healthy men. Participants were selected on a random basis for resistance training (n = 12), concurrent training (n = 11) and a control group (n = 13). They ...
Tew Garry A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare cutaneous microvascular reactivity between untrained young and post-menopausal women, and assess the effects of 48weeks of endurance exercise training on cutaneous microvascular reactivity in post-menopausal women. METHODS: Twenty post-menopausal and 12 young women completed this study. Using laser-Doppler flowmetry, an index of skin blood flow was measured ...
Rämson R - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the effect of high-volume low intensity resistance training protocol combined with endurance training on plasma neuropeptide Y (NPY) concentration in rowers. Additionally, leptin and ghrelin, as markers for body energy balance concentrations, were monitored. 12 highly trained national and international level male rowers participated in ...
Fahs Christopher A - - 2012
Low-intensity resistance exercise combined with blood flow restriction has been shown to produce comparable increases in muscle strength and hypertrophy as traditional high-intensity (HI) resistance training. However, the vascular effects of low-intensity blood flow-restricted (LI-BFR) exercise training are not well characterized. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare ...
Libonati Joseph R - - 2011
The general purpose of this study was to test the effect of exercise training on the left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume relationship (LV/PV) and apoptotic signaling markers in normotensive and hypertensive hearts. Four-month-old female normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY; n = 37) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; n = 38) were assigned ...
Garrett Andrew T - - 2011
Effectiveness of short-term acclimation has generally been undertaken using untrained and moderately-trained participants. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of short-term (5-day) heat acclimation on highly trained athletes. Eight males (mean ± SD age 21.8 ± 2.1 years, mass 75.2 ± 4.6 kg, [Formula: see text]O(2peak) 4.9 ± 0.2 L min(-1) and power output 400 ± 27 W) were heat ...
Johnson N A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise and pre-exercise dietary manipulation on hepatic triglyceride concentration (HTGC). HTGC was measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) before and after 90 min of moderate intensity cycling in six endurance trained males following 67 h of mixed diet (M) and ...
Best S - - 2011
There are conflicting reports as to whether ageing causes a decreased thermoregulatory response, or if observed differences in previous studies are related to maximal aerobic capacity or training status. This study hypothesized that thermoregulatory response to severe exercise-heat stress is maintained with ageing when both young and older subjects are ...
Lockie Robert G - - 2011
A variety of resistance training interventions are used to improve field sport acceleration (e.g. free sprinting, weights, plyometrics, resisted sprinting). The effects these protocols have on acceleration performance and components of sprint technique have not been clearly defined in the literature. This study assessed four common protocols (free sprint [FST], ...
Paulsen G - - 2012
A single bout of high-force exercise has been shown to increase the muscle levels of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Here, changes in the levels of HSPs after 2 and 11 weeks of strength training with either one or three sets per exercise were examined. Fifteen young men (27 ± 6 ...
Hansen Ane H - - 2011
The effects of physical training on the formation of vasodilating and vasoconstricting compounds, as well as on related proteins important for vascular function, were examined in skeletal muscle of individuals with essential hypertension (n=10). Muscle microdialysis samples were obtained from subjects with hypertension before and after 16 weeks of physical ...
Cattadori Gaia - - 2011
Exercise performance improvement after training in heart failure (HF) can be due to central or peripheral changes. In 70 HF stable patients we measured peak VO(2) and cardiac output (CO, inert gas rebreathing technique) and calculated arteriovenous O(2) differences (a-v O(2)diff) before and after an 8-week training program. Peak VO(2) ...
Lucotti Pietro - - 2011
AIMS: The study was designed to compare a combined aerobic and resistance training (ART) with an aerobic training (AT) over hemodynamic, glucose metabolism and endothelial factors, adipokines and pro-inflammatory marker release in a population of obese type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Forty-seven patients were randomly assigned to aerobic (27 patients) ...
Calogiuri G - - 2011
Awareness of daytime and/or seasonal variation in performance and exercise efficiency can be important for athletes and coaches in order to suitably plan training sessions and avoid over-training. The study goal was to evaluate and compare walking-speed and time-related heart rate (HR) responses to a walking task at two times ...
Milanez Vinícius F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to verify the influence of aerobic fitness (VO2max) on internal training loads, as measured by the session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) method. Nine male professional outfield futsal players were monitored for 4 wk of the in-season period with regards to the weekly accumulated ...
Ignjatovic Aleksandar - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of additional resistance training on cardiorespiratory endurance in young (15.8±0.8 yrs) male basketball players. Experimental group subjects (n=23) trained twice per week for 12 weeks using a variety of general free-weight and machine exercises designed for strength acquisition, beside ongoing ...
Singh S - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common condition with a growing impact on global health services. Patients with COPD frequently complain of dyspnoea and leg fatigue on exertion. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an established intervention for the management of patients with COPD. There is clear evidence for the benefit ...
Perkins J M T - - 2011
To compare percutaneous transluminal angioplsty (PTA) against exercise training in the treatment of stable claudication. Prospective, randomised trial. Fifty-six patients with unilateral, stable, lower limb claudication assessed prior to randomisation, at 3 monthly intervals for 15 months, and at approximately 6 years follow-up. Thirty-seven patients were available for long term ...
Hermassi Souhail - - 2011
Hermassi, S, Chelly, MS, Tabka, Z, Shephard, RJ, and Chamari, K. Effects of 8-week in-season upper and lower limb heavy resistance training on the peak power, throwing velocity, and sprint performance of elite male handball players. J Strength Cond Res 25(9): 2424-2433, 2011-The aims of this study were to test ...
Gualano Bruno - - 2011
Over the past decades, the role of exercise training in rheumatic diseases has been largely explored. Currently, physical activity is well known to benefit patients with osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, exercise training has been considered a valuable tool for ...
Globas Christoph - - 2012
Ambulatory subjects after stroke may benefit from gait-oriented cardiovascular fitness training, but trials to date have not primarily assessed older persons. Thirty-eight subjects (age >60 years) with residual hemiparetic gait were enrolled >6 months after stroke. Participants were randomized to receive 3 months (3×/week) progressive graded, high-intensity aerobic treadmill exercise ...
Mazzetti S - - 2011
The primary purpose of this study was to compare energy expenditure among resistance exercise protocols using maximally explosive or slow contractions versus recreational in trained and untrained men. Seven trained (21.9±2.1 yrs) and seven untrained men (20.1±2.2 yrs) performed three nearly identical exercise protocols, and a no-exercise (CONTROL) session in ...
Aouadi R - - 2011
AIM:The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an aerobic training on glycemic control and lipid profile in diabetic children. METHODS: Thirty-three children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) were equally divided in three groups. The control group (CG) did not perform any training intervention during the ...
Loenneke J P - - 2011
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends lifting a weight of at least 70% 1RM to achieve muscular hypertrophy as it is believed that anything below this intensity rarely produces substantial muscle growth. At least part of this recommendation is related to elevated systemic hormones following heavy resistance training being ...
Grizzo Cucato G - - 2011
Exercise training is recommended as the first-line therapy for intermittent claudication patients. However, the effects of exercise therapy on cardiovascular function of these patients have been poorly studied. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of walking and strength training on cardiovascular responses assessed at rest and ...
Lorenz Daniel - - 2011
Improving strength and power in the athlete who is being rehabilitated is a central focus of the sports physical therapist, particularly in the terminal phases of rehabilitation where the emphasis shifts to readiness to return to sport and sports performance enhancement. High load strength training and power training through plyometric ...
Kemi Ole J OJ Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK. - - 2011
The response of transverse (T)-tubules to exercise training in health and disease remains unclear. Therefore, we studied the effect of exercise training on the density and spacing of left ventricle cardiomyocyte T-tubules in normal and remodeled hearts that associate with detubulation, by confocal laser scanning microscopy. First, exercise training in ...
Armstrong Neil N Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, University of Exeter, Northcote House, The Queen's Drive, Exeter EX4 4QJ, UK. - - 2011
To analyse aerobic fitness and its relationship with sport participation, exercise training and habitual physical activity (HPA) during youth. Studies were located through computer searches of Medline, SPORT Discus and personal databases. Systematic reviews of time trends in aerobic fitness/performance, and exercise training and peak oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)) are ...
Hansen Dominique D Jessa Hospital/Heart Centre Hasselt, Rehabilitation and Health Centre, Stadsomvaart 11, Hasselt, Belgium. - - 2011
Muscle resistance training is often combined with aerobic endurance training during rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease. However, the clinical effects of additional lower-extremity low-intensity muscle resistance training during early rehabilitation (within the first month after coronary revascularization) in patients with coronary artery disease remain unclear. Prospective randomized controlled ...
Hawley Helen - - 2011
Little is known about the relationship between attitudes and characteristics of instructors and uptake and adherence of older people to exercise classes. This article explores these issues. METHODS: The authors surveyed 731 UK exercise instructors with specialist older adult exercise qualifications. A questionnaire investigated instructors' characteristics and attitudes toward older ...
Ellison Georgina M - - 2011
Exercise training fosters the health and performance of the cardiovascular system, and represents nowadays a powerful tool for cardiovascular therapy. Exercise exerts its beneficial effects through reducing cardiovascular risk factors, and directly affecting the cellular and molecular remodelling of the heart. Traditionally, moderate endurance exercise training has been viewed to ...
Benton Melissa J - - 2011
Benton, MJ, Kasper, MJ, Raab, SA, Waggener, GT, and Swan, PD. Short-term effects of resistance training frequency on body composition and strength in middle-aged women. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Although a dose-response relationship between resistance training frequency and strength has been identified, there is limited research regarding the ...
Al Haddad Hani - - 2011
PURPOSE: we investigated the effect of daily cold water immersion (CWI), during a typical training week, on parasympathetic activity and subjective ratings of well-being. METHODS: over two different weeks, eight highly-trained swimmers (4 men and 4 women; 19.6±3.2 yr) performed their usual training load (5 days.Wk-1, ≈21 hr.Wk-1). Last training ...
Tibana Ramires Alsamir - - 2011
Tibana, RA, Prestes, J, da Cunha Nascimento, D, Martins, OV, Frederico Santos de Santana, FS, and Balsamo, S. Higher muscle performance in adolescents compared with adults after a resistance training session with different rest intervals. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of the present study was to compare ...
de Brito Vieira Wouber Hérickson - - 2011
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has shown efficacy in muscle bioenergetic activation and its effects could influence the mechanical performance of this tissue during physical exercise. This study tested whether endurance training associated with LLLT could increase human muscle performance in isokinetic dynamometry when compared to the same training without LLLT. ...
Berent Robert - - 2011
Berent R, von Duvillard SP, Crouse SF, Sinzinger H, Green JS, Schmid P. Resistance training dose response in combined endurance-resistance training in patients with cardiovascular disease: a randomized trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of 2 different volumes of resistance training (RT) combined with aerobic training in residential cardiac rehabilitation ...
Prior Steven J SJ Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) has metabolic effects throughout the body, and its expression is regulated in part by insulin. Circulating IGFBP-1 predicts development of cardiometabolic diseases in longitudinal studies, and low IGFBP-1 concentrations are associated with insulin resistance and consumption of a high-fat diet. Because of the favorable ...
Tsang Kavin Kw - - 2011
Tsang, KKW and DiPasquale, AA. Improving the Q:H strength ratio in women using plyometric exercises. J Strength Cond Res 25(x): 000-000, 2011-Plyometric training programs have been implemented in anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs. Plyometric exercises are designed to aid in the improvement of muscle strength and neuromuscular control. Our ...
Baker J M - - 2011
Endurance exercise is a poorly defined yet powerful mediator of hematopoiesis. The purpose of this study was to directly investigate the effects of endurance exercise training on hematopoiesis and to identify potential mechanisms responsible for any observed changes. Four-week-old male C57Bl/6 mice were trained on a treadmill at progressive speeds ...
Item F - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new high-intensity training modality comprised of vibration exercise with superimposed resistance exercise and vascular occlusion (vibroX) on skeletal muscle and performance. Young untrained women were randomized to either train in a progressive mode on 3 days per week ...
Slivka Dustin R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the physiological adaptations in physically fit individuals to a period of intensified training. Ten trained males cycled outdoors ~170 km day(-1) on 19 out of 21 days. Expired gas was collected on days 1 and 21 during maximal graded exercise and used for the ...
Abel Mark G - - 2011
Abel, MG, Mortara, AJ, and Pettitt, RW. Evaluation of circuit-training intensity for firefighters. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Firefighters are required to perform a variety of strenuous occupational tasks that require high levels of both aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Thus, it is critical that firefighters train at an appropriate ...
Ebben William P - - 2011
Ebben, WP, Wurm, B, VanderZanden, TL, Spadavecchia, ML, Durocher, JJ, Bickham, CT, and Petushek, EJ. Kinetic analysis of several variations of push-ups. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Push-ups are a common and practical exercise that is used to enhance fitness, including upper body strength or endurance. The kinetic characteristics ...
McCommis Kyle S - - 2011
Hypercholesterolemia has been suggested to have direct negative effects on myocardial function due to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and increased myocyte death. Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) is a significant mediator of cell death, which is enhanced by ROS generation and attenuated by exercise training. The purpose of this ...
Riesco Eléonor - - 2011
Phytoestrogens and training could be effective to reduce cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors in postmenopausal women. Nevertheless, the impact of their combination on adipokines and systemic inflammation was never investigated. The objective was to verify if 6 months of mixed training combined with phytoestrogens could have an ...
Mikkola Jussi - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of heavy resistance, explosive resistance, and muscle endurance training on neuromuscular, endurance, and high-intensity running performance in recreational endurance runners. Twenty-seven male runners were divided into one of three groups: heavy resistance, explosive resistance or muscle endurance training. After ...
Wakahara Taku - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine if the regional difference in muscle hypertrophy after chronic resistance training is associated with muscle activation after one session of resistance exercise. Twelve men performed one session of resistance exercise of elbow extensors. Before and immediately after the exercise, transverse relaxation time ...
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