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Milne Kevin J - - 2011
Female rats typically do not show significant increases in myocardial Hsp70 after exercise unless trained (exercise over days or weeks). 17β-Estradiol (E2) has been linked to this inhibition, but it varies considerably over the rodent estrus cycle. Consequently, we examined whether the inhibitory effects of endogenously produced E2 (measured immediately ...
Crow Justin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether therapeutic exercise can improve the timing of muscle onset following musculoskeletal pathology, and examine what exercise prescription parameters are being used to achieve these effects. PARTICIPANTS: People with a musculoskeletal pathology. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Muscle onset timing as measured by electromyography. RESULTS: Sixteen investigations were identified ...
Probst Vanessa S - - 2011
The effects of different exercise training programs on the level of physical activity in daily life in patients with COPD remain to be investigated. In patients with COPD we compared the effects of 2 exercise/training regimens (a high-intensity whole-body endurance-and-strength program, and a low-intensity calisthenics-and-breathing-exercises program) on physical activity in ...
Beccati Francesca - - 2011
Objective-To evaluate changes in the cortical bone of the proximal phalanx of the fore-limbs of Thoroughbreds in response to training. Animals-Twenty-seven 2-year-old Thoroughbreds (20 females, 2 males, and 5 geldings). Procedures-Horses were principally in training for races in a straight line and in a clockwise direction. Lateromedial and dorsopalmar radiographic ...
Hill John - - 2011
Core stability and plyometric training have become common elements of training programs in competitive athletes. Core stability allows stabilization of the spine and trunk of the body in order to allow maximal translation of force to the extremities. Plyometric training is more dynamic and involves explosive-strength training. Integration of these ...
Zhang Hanrui - - 2012
Vascular dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. Dietary supplements, including fish oil, dietary fibers, and various natural products, and exercise training exert vasoprotective effects. However, the mechanisms underlying the vasoprotective benefits of dietary supplements and physical activity demand extensive investigation. Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammatory cytokine tumor ...
Duscha Brian D - - 2011
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterized by impaired blood flow to the lower extremities, causing claudication and exercise intolerance. The mechanism(s) by which exercise training improves functional capacity is not understood. This study tested the hypothesis that in PAD patients who undergo supervised exercise training, increases in capillary density (CD) ...
Kurosaka Mitsutoshi - - 2011
Aim:  Increases in the number of satellite cells are necessary for the maintenance of normal muscle function. Endurance training enhances the satellite cell pool. However, it remains unclear whether exercise intensity or exercise duration is more important to enhance the satellite cell pool. This study examined the effects of different ...
Rossoni Luciana V - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low-intensity chronic exercise training (ExT) on blood pressure (BP), as well as the cardiac alterations associated with hypertension in aging hypertensive rats. METHODS: Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; 21 months old) and their normotensive control Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were submitted to low-intensity training protocol ...
Malin Steven K - - 2012
Physical activity or metformin enhances insulin sensitivity and opposes the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. The combination may be more effective because each treatment stimulates AMP-activated protein kinase activity in skeletal muscle. We evaluated the effects of exercise training plus metformin on insulin sensitivity in men and women ...
Kannas Theodoros M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of incline plyometrics training on muscle activation and architecture during vertical jumping and maximum strength. Twenty male participants were divided in two training groups which followed after a 4 week training program. The incline plyometrics group (n = 10) trained by performing consecutive ...
Rønnestad Bent R - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of supplemental heavy strength training on muscle thickness and determinants of performance in well-trained Nordic Combined athletes. Seventeen well-trained Nordic Combined athletes were assigned to either usual training supplemented with heavy strength training (STR; n = 8) or to usual training ...
Schlee Günther - - 2011
The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of short-time whole body vibration (WBV) training on foot vibration sensitivity of healthy subjects. Furthermore, the effects of WBV on a balance task (one-leg stand) were also evaluated. 30 young healthy subjects participated in the study. Vibration perception thresholds and ...
Van Craenenbroeck Emeline M - - 2011
AIMS: Exercise intolerance predicts mortality in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Recently, increased red cell distribution width (RDW) has emerged as an additional powerful predictor of poor outcome. We investigated the relationship between RDW and exercise capacity in patients with CHF. In addition, the association between training-induced improved maximal ...
Peternelj Tina-Tinkara - - 2011
High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in skeletal muscle during exercise have been associated with muscle damage and impaired muscle function. Supporting endogenous defence systems with additional oral doses of antioxidants has received much attention as a noninvasive strategy to prevent or reduce oxidative stress, decrease muscle damage ...
Zhao Yan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to test the effects of physiologic ischemic training on the performance of skeletal muscle in a pathologically ischemic limb models. DESIGN:: Twenty-seven New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) those in the ischemia with cuff inflation training group received ...
Edelmann Frank - - 2011
We sought to determine whether structured exercise training (ET) improves maximal exercise capacity, left ventricular diastolic function, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Nearly one-half of patients with heart failure experience HFpEF, but effective therapeutic strategies are sparse. A total of ...
Maughan Ronald J - - 2012
Diet can significantly influence athletic performance, but recent research developments have substantially changed our understanding of sport and exercise nutrition. Athletes adopt various nutritional strategies in training and competition in the pursuit of success. The aim of training is to promote changes in the structure and function of muscle and ...
Korets Ruslan - - 2011
To compare robotic surgery skill acquisition of residents trained with Mimic dVTrainer (MdVT) and da Vinci Surgical System (dVSS) console. No standardized curriculum currently exists for robotic surgical education. The MdVT is a compact hardware platform that closely reproduces the experience of the dVSS. Sixteen urology trainees were randomized into ...
Alves Alberto Jorge - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To analyze the effects of exercise training on exercise tolerance, left ventricular systolic function and structure in heart failure patients with preserved, mild and moderate to severe reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS:: Ninety-eight patients with moderate to severe (n= 34), mild (n= 33) and preserved (n= ...
Brandt C - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that IL-6 regulates exercise-induced gene responses in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice. Methods:  Four months old male IL-6 whole body knockout (KO) mice and C57B wild-type (WT) mice performed 1h of treadmill exercise, where subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was ...
Pasini Evasio - - 2011
Physical exercise is the most effective intervention against sarcopenia of aging; however, the cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating training-induced adaptations are not yet completely understood. Furthermore, it is unclear whether exercise training initiated late in life affects myocyte anabolic signaling in a dose-dependent manner. Hence, we sought to investigate the ...
Tessitore Antonio - - 2011
Tessitore, A, Perroni, F, Cortis, C, Meeusen, R, Lupo, C, and Capranica, L. Coordination of soccer players during preseason training. J Strength Cond Res 25(11): 3059-3069, 2011-This study aimed to verify whether coordination improves as a result of a preseason soccer training. During 5 experimental sessions (days 1, 6, 11, ...
Kim Eonho - - 2011
Kim, E, Dear, A, Ferguson, SL, Seo, D, and Bemben, MG. Effects of 4 weeks of traditional resistance training vs. superslow strength training on early phase adaptations in strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity in college-aged women. J Strength Cond Res 25(11): 3006-3013, 2011-This study compared SuperSlow resistance training (SRT) to ...
Scholtes Vanessa A - - 2012
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise (PRE) training on walking ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Fifty-one ambulant children with spastic CP (mean age 10 years 5 months, 29 boys) were randomized to an intervention (n=26) or control group (n=25, ...
Schreuder H W R - - 2011
To obtain face and construct validity for a new training course to be used in any type of box/video trainer and to give a comprehensive overview of validated exercises for box/video training. Cross-sectional study. University Medical Centre. Students, residents and consultants. Participants (n = 42) were divided into three groups ...
Standley R A - - 2011
Nine to 12 weeks of resistance exercise training in young individuals induces quadriceps muscle (∼6%) and region-specific patellar tendon (4-6%) hypertrophy. However, 12 weeks of resistance exercise training (∼1 h total exercise time) in older individuals (60-78 years) induces quadriceps muscle hypertrophy (9%) without impacting patellar tendon size. The current study ...
Vissing K - - 2011
The influence of adenosine mono phosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) vs Akt-mammalian target of rapamycin C1 (mTORC1) protein signaling mechanisms on converting differentiated exercise into training specific adaptations is not well-established. To investigate this, human subjects were divided into endurance, strength, and non-exercise control groups. Data were obtained before and ...
Plinta Ryszard - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a 3-month pre-season preparatory period and short-term moderate aerobic exercise and intensive fitness and speed exercise on adipokine and ghrelin levels in young female handball and basketball players. Materials and methods: Fifty healthy young female professional basketball and ...
Turner Louise A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if inspiratory muscle training (IMT) alters the oxygen cost of breathing (Vo(2RM)) during voluntary hyperpnea. Sixteen male cyclists completed 6 wk of IMT using an inspiratory load of 50% (IMT) or 15% placebo (CON) of maximal inspiratory pressure (Pi(max)). Prior to training, ...
Daray Laura A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether endurance (E) or endurance + resistance (ER) training affects C-reactive protein (CRP) and if these changes are related to alterations in fitness and (or) body composition in young females. Thirty-eight females (aged 18-24 years) were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (1) E, ...
Rodriguez Diego A - - 2011
Beneficial effects of exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are acknowledged. However, high-intensity exercise may enhance muscle oxidative stress in severe COPD patients. We hypothesized that high-intensity exercise training of long duration does not deteriorate muscle redox status. In the vastus lateralis and blood of 18 ...
Akkaya Nuray - - 2011
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of electromyographic biofeedback training and electrical stimulation therapy for rehabilitation following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. Design: Randomized, prospective, controlled single-blind trial. Setting: Department of physical medicine and rehabilitation, university hospital. Subjects: Forty-five patients who had undergone surgery for arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were randomly divided into three ...
Neal Craig M - - 2011
Abstract In the present study, we analysed the training-intensity distribution and physiological adaptations over a 6-month period preceding an Ironman triathlon race. Ten athletes (mean ± s: age 43 ± 3 years, mass 78.3 ± 10.3 kg, stature 1.79 ± 0.05 m) participated in the study. The study consisted of three training periods (A, B, C), each of approximately 2 ...
Bouchard Claude - - 2011
The concept of individual differences in the response to exercise training or trainability was defined three decades ago. In series of experimental studies with pairs of monozygotic twins, evidence was found in support of a strong genotype dependency of the ability to respond to regular exercise. In the HERITAGE Family ...
Spence Angela L - - 2011
The principle that 'concentric' cardiac hypertrophy occurs in response to strength training, whilst 'eccentric' hypertrophy results from endurance exercise has been a fundamental tenet of exercise science. This notion is largely based on cross-sectional comparisons of athletes using echocardiography. In this study, young (27.4 ± 1.1 years) untrained subjects were ...
Hout Joseph J - - 2011
All soldiers in the U.S. Army are required to complete mask confidence training with o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS). To instill confidence in the protective capability of the military protective mask, CS is thermally dispersed in a room where soldiers wearing military protective masks are required to conduct various physical exercises, break ...
Jendzjowsky Nicholas G - - 2011
Non-interval and interval training progressions were used to determine (i) the mean rate at which treadmill speed could be incremented daily using a non-interval training progression to train rats to run continuously at different intensities and (ii) the number of training days required for rats to run continuously at different ...
Resende Nathália Maria - - 2011
Abstract Physical exercise affects hematological equilibrium and metabolism. This study evaluated the biochemical and hematological responses of a male world-class athlete in sailing who is ranked among the top athletes on the official ISAF ranking list of windsurfing, class RS:X. The results describe the metabolic adaptations of this athlete in ...
Hubenig Lindsay R - - 2011
Aerodynamic bicycle positioning reduces drag but also reduces power output (PO) in males. The effect of aerodynamic bicycle positioning in trained endurance females is unknown. Eighteen females participants (VO(2max) 49.7 ± 6.3 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) all with competitive experience performed cycling trials at ventilatory threshold 1 and 2 (VT-1, VT-2) in both ...
Forbes S - - 2011
This study examined inspiratory and expiratory resistive loading combined with strength and endurance training on pulmonary function and rowing performance. Twenty-one male (n = 9) and female (n = 12) rowers were matched on 2000 m simulated rowing race time and gender and randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental ...
Cozza Izabela C - - 2011
We investigated the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) treatment and physical exercise on arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate variability (HRV) in volunteer patients with hypertension. A total of 54 sedentary volunteers were divided into three groups: normotensive (NT Group), hypertensive (HT Group) and HT volunteers treated with ACEi ...
Kodesh Einat - - 2011
Combined heat acclimation (AC) and exercise training (EX) enhance exercise performance in the heat while meeting thermoregulatory demands. We tested the hypothesis that different stress-specific adaptations evoked by each stressor individually trigger similar cardiac alterations, but when combined, overriding/trade-off interactions take place. We used echocardiography, isolated cardiomyocyte imaging and cDNA ...
Périard Julien D - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of aerobic fitness and exercise intensity on the development of thermal and cardiovascular strain in uncompensable heat stress conditions. In three separate trials, eight aerobically trained and eight untrained subjects cycled to exhaustion at 60% (H60%) and 75% (H75%) of ...
Hwang Chueh-Lung - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the effectiveness of high-intensity aerobic interval training (AIT) with active recovery and continuous moderate-intensity exercise (CME) on exercise capacity and metabolic risk factors in adults with cardiometabolic disorders through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS:: Studies were selected from 5 electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence ...
Swift Damon L - - 2011
ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to examine the effect of three different doses of aerobic exercise training (corresponding to approximately 50%, 100% and 150% of the National Institutes of Health consensus guidelines) on endothelial function in sedentary obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure. Aerobic exercise training improves endothelial ...
Servantes Denise Maria - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effects of home-based exercise for patients with chronic heart failure and sleep apnoea and to compare two different training programmes. Design: A randomized, prospective controlled trial. Setting: Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Brazil. Subjects: Fifty chronic heart failure patients with sleep apnoea were randomized in three ...
Moholdt Trine - - 2011
Objective: Exercise capacity strongly predicts survival and aerobic interval training (AIT) increases peak oxygen uptake effectively in cardiac patients. Usual care in Norway provides exercise training at the hospitals following myocardial infarction (MI), but the effect and actual intensity of these rehabilitation programmes are unknown. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: ...
Marinho R - - 2011
Hepatic insulin resistance is the major contributor to fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. The protein kinase Akt plays a central role in the suppression of gluconeogenesis involving forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), and in the control of glycogen synthesis involving the ...
Libardi Cleiton Augusto - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of moderate- to high-intensity resistance and concurrent training on inflammatory biomarkers and functional capacity in sedentary middle-aged healthy men. Participants were selected on a random basis for resistance training (n = 12), concurrent training (n = 11) and a control group (n = 13). They ...
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