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Naghii M R - - 2011
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been regarded as an exercise training method and as a non-pharmacological supportive treatment option appearing to be efficient for chronic disease conditions, such as bone disorders and cardio-respiratory fitness. Since, data on the safety and efficacy of vibration on plasma parameters are lacking, therefore, it ...
Mead Gillian - - 2011
Stroke survivors experience marked reduction in physical activity and fitness. Regular physical fitness training, started early poststroke, could help recovery in the long term and is recommended in many clinical guidelines. However, implementation of programs is hampered by our current lack of knowledge about what interventions are most effective and ...
Wu Se-Der - - 2011
To investigate the possibility of using Ryodoraku as a tool to indicate sympathetic neuronal activity. Twenty-two female college students were assigned to an treadmill exercise program (three times a week for six weeks), and another 25 were assigned as controls. Skin conductance levels of the subjects were measured at 24 ...
Reboredo Maycon M - - 2011
Reboredo MM, Neder JA, Pinheiro BV, Henrique DM, Faria RS, Paula RB. Constant work-rate test to assess the effects of intradialytic aerobic training in mildly impaired patients with end-stage renal disease: a randomized controlled trial. To investigate if high-intensity constant work rate (CWR) would constitute a more appropriate testing strategy ...
Hue Olivier - - 2011
The tropical climate is unique in that the seasons are dominated by the movement of the tropical rain belt, resulting in dry and wet seasons rather than the four-season pattern of changes in temperature and day length seen in other parts of the world. More than 33% of the world ...
Azarbayjani M - - 2011
This study examined the effects of pre season training on restring level and acute response of mucosal immunity in male basketball players. Twenty male basketball players performed 8 weeks progressive exercise training, consisting of interval and continuous parts. Five mL un-stimulated saliva was collected from each subject before, immediately and ...
Madarame Haruhiko - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of blood flow-restricted training (BFRT) on jump performance in relation to changes in muscle strength. Seventeen untrained young men were assigned into either BFRT or normal training (NORT) groups and performed low-intensity [30-40% of one-repetition maximum (1RM)] resistance exercise (horizontal ...
Osbak Philip Samuel - - 2011
Exercise training is beneficial in ischemic and congestive heart disease. However, the effect on atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. Forty-nine patients with permanent AF (age [mean ± SD], 70.2 ± 7.8 years; male-to-female ratio, 0.75; body mass index [mean ± SD], 29.7 ± 4.3 kg/m(2)) were randomized to 12-week aerobic ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2011
Abstract An individual's level of physical activity influences their risk of infection, most likely by affecting immune function. Regular moderate exercise reduces the risk of infection compared with a sedentary lifestyle, but very prolonged bouts of exercise and periods of intensified training are associated with an increased risk of infection. ...
Minganti C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the session rate of perceived exertion (RPE) method as a tool to quantify internal training load during interval training in master athletes. In addition, we investigated whether it is appropriate to take into account rest periods when calculating the ...
Radovanovic Dragan - - 2011
Race walking is the technical and athletic expression of fast walking and it can be considered as a type of endurance performance. The purpose of this study was to examine whether 12 weeks of a specially designed training program results in the further training enhancement of endurance performance and the ...
Hoonjan B - - 2011
Increased arterial stiffness is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Acute changes to arterial stiffness in athletes following moderate intensity aerobic exercise are unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare central and peripheral arterial stiffness at rest and with moderate intensity exercise in resistance trained (RT) athletes, ...
Tanner A - - 2011
Cortisol (C) and testosterone (T) are important biomarkers of acute and chronic stress (Urhausen et al. Sports Med 1995;20:251-76). However, it is unclear how different forms of training affect the response of these hormones. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of various training sessions on salivary ...
Peternelj Tina-Tinkara - - 2011
High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in skeletal muscle during exercise have been associated with muscle damage and impaired muscle function. Supporting endogenous defence systems with additional oral doses of antioxidants has received much attention as a noninvasive strategy to prevent or reduce oxidative stress, decrease muscle damage ...
Burtin Chris - - 2012
The improvement in exercise performance in response to exercise training varies greatly from one patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to another. It is possible that in a portion of patients the muscle stimulus applied during exercise training is insufficient to elicit training effects. We investigated whether patients presenting quadriceps ...
Lejkowski Peter M - - 2011
The objective of this paper is to introduce a new and reportedly safe training technique, utilizing a vascular restriction stimulus during low intensity rehabilitative exercise and provide a case example within a post-surgical rehabilitation scenario. A brief review of the most commonly reported mechanisms of action behind the purported success ...
Vogel T T University Hospital, Geriatric department, Hôpital de la Robertsau, Strasbourg, France. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a short-term Intermittent Work Exercise Program (IWEP) among healthy elderly subjects. This longitudinal prospective study took place at the Strasbourg University Hospital geriatric department. One hundred and fifty older volunteers, previously determined as being free from cardiac and pulmonary ...
Kline Christopher E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of a 12-week exercise training program for reducing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and improving sleep quality, and to explore possible mechanisms by which exercise may reduce OSA severity. Randomized controlled trial. Clinical exercise physiology center, sleep laboratory. Forty-three sedentary and overweight/obese adults aged 18-55 years ...
Metcalfe Richard S - - 2012
High-intensity interval training (HIT) has been proposed as a time-efficient alternative to traditional cardiorespiratory exercise training, but is very fatiguing. In this study, we investigated the effects of a reduced-exertion HIT (REHIT) exercise intervention on insulin sensitivity and aerobic capacity. Twenty-nine healthy but sedentary young men and women were randomly ...
Testa Marc - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate how the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during resistance exercises was influenced by the exercise volume and athlete's training state. 80 physical education students (well trained, less-well trained and novices) rated their perceived exertion of multi-lift sets using the category-ratio scale. These ...
A Dellal - - 2011
The identification of physiological loads imposed by soccer training or match-play reveals essential information, which may help improve training and recovery strategies. Until today, the use of heart rate (HR) monitoring is not standardized in soccer. Thus, the aim of this review was to analyse, determine and compare the exercise ...
Oberacker L M - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of resistance training performed on either a stable or unstable surface on performance tests in female soccer players. METHODS:: Nineteen NCAA Division II female soccer players were assigned to either an unstable training group (UST: 19.0 ± 0.47 ...
Burns Jack M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Manufacturers of uncoupled cycling cranks claim that their use will increase economy of motion and gross efficiency. Purportedly, this occurs by altering the muscular recruitment patterns contributing to the resistive forces occurring during the recovery phase of the pedal stroke. Uncoupled cranks use an independent clutch design by which ...
Dellal Alexandre - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of small-sided soccer games (SSG) versus high-intensity intermittent runs (HIT) training on an aerobic continuous test (Vameval) and the performance in an intermittent test including changes of direction (30-15IFT). Twenty-two amateur soccer players (age: 26.3±4.7 years,) were assigned to 3 ...
Vonbank Karin - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Skeletal muscle dysfunction contributes to exercise limitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Strength training increases muscle strength and muscle mass, but there is an ongoing debate on the additional effect concerning the exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects ...
Yen Sheng-Che SC Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 East Superior Street, Room 1406, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2012
Treadmill training has been used as a promising technique to improve overground walking in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Previous findings showed that a gait pattern may adapt to a force perturbation during treadmill training and show aftereffects following removal of the force perturbation. We hypothesized that aftereffects would ...
Johansen Kirsten L KL Division of Nephrology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; Nephrology Section, San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, - - 2012
There are few studies evaluating exercise in the nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. This review covers the rationale for exercise in patients with CKD not requiring dialysis and the effects of exercise training on physical functioning, progression of kidney disease, and cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, we address the ...
Herring Matthew P MP Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., USA. - - 2012
Exercise training may be especially helpful for patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to quantify the effects of 6 weeks of resistance (RET) or aerobic exercise training (AET) on remission and worry symptoms among sedentary patients with GAD. Thirty sedentary women aged 18-37 years, ...
Heaney Jennifer L J JL School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, England, UK, B15 2TT. - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate resting measures of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) and cortisol, and the response and recovery of these hormones to acute exercise, in male and female older adults of different exercise training status. Participants were 49 community-dwelling older adults (23 females) aged ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: easures of ventilatory inefficiency, such as the slope of the relation between ventilation and carbon dioxide production ((Equation is included in full-text article.)slope) and the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) have recently been shown to be strong prognostic markers in patients with heart failure. Little is known regarding the ...
Patel Kaushik P KP Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5850, USA. - - 2012
Typical characteristics of chronic congestive heart failure (HF) are increased sympathetic drive, altered autonomic reflexes, and altered body fluid regulation. These abnormalities lead to an increased risk of mortality, particularly in the late stage of chronic HF. Recent evidence suggests that central nervous system (CNS) mechanisms may be important in ...
Deus A P L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of resistance training on ladders (RTL) on MMP-2 expression and blood lactate concentration [La-]. 30 male (3 months of age), albino rats were divided into 3 groups: sedentary control (SC, n=10), low resistance exercise training (Low-IntRT, n=10) and high-intensive exercise ...
Souza J C - - 2011
One of the most important objectives of intervention programs for persons with haemophilia (PWH) is to improve their quality of life. Regular physical activity has been recommended as an adjunct to conventional treatment, with positive results in the prevention of joint problems and bleeding, in addition to the improvement in ...
Delaney L E LE Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia 65203, United - - 2012
Physical activity has been shown to enhance endothelial function of central and peripheral vascular beds. The primary purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that a short-term exercise training program would result in enhanced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of a major artery supplying blood flow to the knee joint, ...
Allen Natalie E - - 2012
There is research evidence that exercise and motor training are beneficial for people with Parkinson's disease (PD), and clinicians seek to implement optimal programs. This paper summarizes important factors about the nature and reporting of randomized controlled trials of exercise and/or motor training for people with PD which are likely ...
Smart Neil A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials of combined strength and intermittent aerobic training, intermittent aerobic training only and continuous exercise training in heart failure patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of Medline (Ovid) (1950-September 2011), Embase.com (1974-September 2011), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and CINAHL ...
Ozer Kaya Derya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess and compare the effects of 6 months of Pilates and calisthenics on multi-joint coordination and proprioception of the lower limbs at the 3rd and 6th months of training. DESIGN: A randomized controlled, assessor blinded, repeated measures design. SETTING: University research laboratory. ...
Hsieh Ping-Lun - - 2011
Objectives: Muscle wasting and exercise intolerance are common in heart transplant recipients. Most studies on the effects of exercise training have used relatively small sample sizes and are heterogeneous in nature. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to systematically review the relevant studies and investigate the effects of exercise training ...
Sakurai Takuya - - 2011
It is well known that exercise prevents and reduces cognitive impairment. In the present study, we focused on exercise training as a tool to prevent cognitive impairment, and searched for novel molecules that may relate to the prevention of cognitive impairment in the hippocampus. Two-month-old senescence-accelerated mouse prone-8 (SAMP8) mice ...
Barreto Tatiane Oliveira - - 2011
We investigated whether swim training protects skeletal muscle from oxidative damage in response to a maximum progressive exercise. First, we investigated the effect of swim training on the activities of the antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), in the gastrocnemius muscle of C57Bl/6 mice, 48 h ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M KM School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, United States. - - 2012
Prostate cancer can threaten quality of life for the patient and his spouse and the quality of his marital relationship. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the effects of "Exercising Together" - a partnered strength training program for married couples coping with prostate cancer - on the physical ...
Grahn Dennis A - - 2011
Body core cooling via the palm of a hand increases work volume during resistive exercise. We asked: 1) is there a correlation between elevated core temperatures and fatigue onset during resistive exercise, and 2) does palm cooling between sets of resistive exercise affect strength and work volume training responses? Core ...
Iellamo Ferdinando - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Baroreflex Sensitivity (BRS) are impaired in patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) and carry negative prognosis. Exercise training improves these parameters. However, the relationship between exercise training with HRV and BRS has been investigated without regard for individual training loads. We tested the hypothesis ...
Rud B - - 2011
Aim:  As a consequence of enhanced local vascular conductance, perfusion of muscles increases with exercise intensity to suffice the oxygen demand. However, when maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2) max) and cardiac output are approached, the increase in conductance is blunted. Endurance training increases muscle metabolic capacity, but to what extend that ...
Barroso R - - 2011
Stretching exercises have been traditionally incorporated into warm-up routines prior to training sessions and sport events. However, the effects of stretching on maximal strength and strength endurance performance seem to depend on the type of stretching employed. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of static (SS), ...
Jakobsen Markus Due - - 2011
Momentary fatigue is an important variable in resistance training periodization programs. Although several studies have examined neuromuscular activity during single repetitions of resistance training, information is lacking in regard to neuromuscular fatigue indices throughout a full resistance training bout. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during ...
Serpiello Fabio R - - 2011
PURPOSE;: We investigated the effects of acute and chronic repeated-sprint exercise (RSE) on the skeletal muscle mRNA expression and protein abundance/phosphorylation associated with mitochondrial biogenesis. METHODS;: Ten healthy young adults (7 males, 3 females) performed the RSE trial, comprising of three sets of 5 x 4-s maximal sprints on a ...
Muehlbauer Thomas - - 2011
Muehlbauer, T, Roth, R, Bopp, M, and Granacher, U. An exercise sequence for progression in balance training. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Compared with resistance training, information concerning the progressive configuration of balance training (BT) is rare and lacks scientific validation. Therefore, a study was designed to determine participants' ...
Preatoni Ezio - - 2011
The aims of this study were to assess the behaviour of a vibrating platform under different conditions and to compare the effects of an 8-weeks periodised training programme with whole body vibration (WBV) alone or in combination with conventional strength training.Vibrating frequencies, displacements and peak accelerations were tested through a ...
Larose J - - 2011
Resistance training has been shown to increase strength in type 2 diabetes; however, it is unclear if combining resistance and aerobic training (A + R) impedes strength development compared with resistance training only (R). The purpose of this study was to compare changes in strength with A + R vs R in individuals with ...
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