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Results 51 - 100 of 943
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Clark Heather M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Training specificity for a number of exercise parameters has been demonstrated for the limb musculature. The current study is a Phase I exploration of training specificity in the lingual musculature. Methods Twenty-five healthy participants were assigned to one of five training conditions. Four groups completed four weeks of lingual ...
Hawley Helen - - 2012
Little is known about the relationship between attitudes and characteristics of instructors and uptake and adherence of older people to exercise classes. This article explores these issues. The authors surveyed 731 UK exercise instructors with specialist older adult exercise qualifications. A questionnaire investigated instructors' characteristics and attitudes toward older adults' ...
Geirsdottir O G - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the effects of resistance training on health related quality of life (HRQL) in the elderly. Aim: The main purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of resistance training on strength, body composition, functional capacity and HRQL in independent living elderly people. We hypothesised ...
Jeppesen Jacob - - 2012
FATP1 and FATP4 appear to be important for the cellular uptake and handling of long chain fatty acids (LCFA). These findings were obtained from loss- or gain of function models. However, reports on FATP1 and FATP4 in human skeletal muscle are limited. Aerobic training enhances lipid oxidation; however, it is ...
Elbasan Bulent - - 2012
Cystic fibrosis is a multisystem disease where the main problems are existing in the respiratory system. Aerobic exercise programs are effective in increasing physical fitness and muscle endurance in addition to chest physiotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chest physiotherapy and aerobic exercise training ...
Tian Ye - - 2011
Currently, it is unclear which index of haematological parameters could be used to most easily monitor iron deficiency during endurance training. To address this question, 16 male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: a sedentary group (n = 8) and an exercised group (n = 8). Initially, animals in the exercise group ...
Lee Jin - - 2011
Menopause is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise and soy isoflavone diets have been suggested to reduce the risk of CVD in postmenopausal women. We investigated the effects of exercise, or combined exercise and soy isoflavone diet, on plasma lipid profiles, paraoxonase (PON), nitric oxide (NO) ...
Huang Chih-Yang - - 2012
Activated cardiac apoptosis was found in hearts from hypertensive animals, but little information regarding the effects of exercise training on cardiac apoptosis in hypertension is available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-apoptotic and pro-survival effects of exercise training on hypertensive hearts. 28 spontaneously hypertensive rats were ...
Yfanti Christina - - 2012
Vitamin C and E supplementation has been shown to attenuate the acute exercise-induced increase in plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration. Here, we studied the effect of antioxidant vitamins on the regulation of IL-6 expression in muscle and the circulation in response to acute exercise before and after high-intensity endurance exercise training. ...
Dunham Cali - - 2011
To determine whether high-intensity interval training (HIT) would increase respiratory muscle strength and expiratory flow rates more than endurance training (ET), 15 physically active, healthy subjects (untrained) were randomly assigned to an ET group (n = 7) or a HIT group (n = 8). All subjects performed an incremental test to exhaustion (VO(2)max) on ...
Majerczak Joanna - - 2011
In this study we have hypothesised that 5-week cycling endurance training can decrease the magnitude of the non-proportional increase in VO2 to PO relationship (VO2 'excess') at exercise intensities exceeding the lactate threshold (LT). Ten untrained, physically active men performed an incremental cycling exercise until exhaustion before and after training. ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2012
Older breast cancer survivors (BCS) report more falls and functional limitations than women with no cancer history. Exercise training could reduce risk factors for future falls and disability. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial in 106 early-stage, postmenopausal BCS who were ≥50 years old at diagnosis and post-treatment. Women were randomly ...
Ng Li Whye Cindy - - 2011
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effect of exercise training on daily physical activity (PA) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from their inception to week 27 ...
Kacerovsky-Bielesz Gertrud - - 2012
Myocellular ATP synthesis (fATP) associates with insulin sensitivity in first-degree relatives of subjects with type 2 diabetes. Short-term endurance training can modify their fATP and insulin sensitivity. This study examines the effects of moderate long-term exercise using endurance or resistance training in this cohort. A randomized, parallel-group trial tested 16 ...
Ratel Sébastien - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a 8-week detraining period after a 16-week multicomponent training program including strength and aerobic exercises on the main determinants of aerobic fitness, muscle strength and some metabolic markers in 24 older subjects (60.2 ± 3.0 years). The oxygen uptake at ...
Ribeiro F - - 2011
The present study assessed the effects of exercise training on biomarkers of inflammation in postinfarction patients. This single-centre prospective randomized controlled trial encompassed 42 patients after the first myocardial infarction divided into exercise-training (n=22) or usual care (n=20) groups. Complete randomization was performed by choosing one of 2 sealed envelopes. ...
Chang Yu-Kai - - 2011
Several studies have demonstrated that exercise helps to reduce or prevent cognitive deterioration among older adults, and recent studies have further examined the effects of resistance exercise training on cognition. The purpose of this review is to examine the role of resistance exercise training on cognition in healthy older adults. ...
Hedayatpour Nosratollah - - 2011
Due to the variations in morphological and architectural characteristics of fibers within a skeletal muscle, regions of a muscle may be differently affected by eccentric exercise. Although eccentric exercise may be beneficial for increasing muscle mass and can be beneficial for the treatment of tendinopathies, the non-uniform effect of eccentric ...
Carrillo Andres E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory biomarkers in overweight and obese adults participating in a progressive resistance exercise training program. Twenty-three (26.1 ± 4.7 years) overweight and obese (BMI 31.3 ± 3.2 kg/m2) adults were randomized into a double-blind vitamin ...
Jankowicz-Szymanska A - - 2011
Intellectual disability affects all spheres of people's lives who suffer from it. It lowers the level of intellectual functioning, often stigmatizes, characteristically changing features, and decreases motor performance. Unfortunately, modern medicine cannot cure intellectual disability; however, there is a chance to improve the quality of life of people with mental ...
Rakobowchuk Mark - - 2012
Moderate-intensity endurance exercise training improves vascular endothelial vasomotor function; however, the impact of high-intensity exercise training has been equivocal. Thus, the effect of the physiological stress of the exercise remains poorly understood. Furthermore, enhanced vascular repair mediated by circulating progenitor cells may also be improved. To address whether the physiological ...
Hüttemann Maik - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether (-)-epicatechin (mainly found in cocoa) could attenuate detraining effects in the hindlimb muscles of mice. Thirty-two male mice were randomized into 4 groups: control, trained, trained with 14 d of detraining and vehicle (DT-14-W), and trained with 14 d of detraining ...
Baillot A - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of aerobic exercise training on saliva steroid hormones [i. e., cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and testosterone], physical capacity, and quality of life in obese diabetic men. 8 abdominally obese type 2 diabetic men (59.5±1.7 years old, BMI=35.5±1.6 kg/m2, waist circumference=119.4±3.3 cm) and 9 healthy ...
Rice Treva K - - 2011
Although regular exercise improves submaximal aerobic capacity, there is large variability in its response to exercise training. While this variation is thought to be partly due to genetic differences, relatively little is known about the causal genes. Submaximal aerobic capacity traits in the current report include the responses of oxygen ...
Rankinen Tuomo - - 2012
Endurance training-induced changes in hemodynamic traits are heritable. However, few genes associated with heart rate training responses have been identified. The purpose of our study was to perform a genome-wide association study to uncover DNA sequence variants associated with submaximal exercise heart rate training responses in the HERITAGE Family Study. ...
Calegari Vivian C - - 2012
Endurance training has been shown to increase pancreatic β-cell function and mass. However, whether exercise modulates β-cell growth and survival pathways signaling is not completely understood. This study investigated the effects of exercise on growth and apoptotic markers levels in rat pancreatic islets. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to ...
Hunt Julie E A - - 2012
Low load resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) can increase muscle size and strength, but the implications on the conduit artery are uncertain. We examined the effects of low-load dynamic handgrip training with and without BFR, and detraining, on measures of brachial artery function and structure. Nine male participants ...
Farnfield Michelle M - - 2011
Purpose: To investigate the impact of whey protein ingestion and resistance exercise training on the phosphorylation of mRNA translational signalling proteins in the skeletal muscle of young and old men. Methods: Sixteen healthy young (aged 18-25 years) and 15 healthy older men (aged 60-75 years) completed 12 weeks of resistance exercise and ...
Valenzuela Arteaga Trinidad - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To provide a synthesis of the evidence from clinical trials to determine whether progressive resistance training, as a single exercise intervention, improves strength and functional performance in older institutionalized adults. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic database search for randomized controlled trials was performed, including AMED, CINAHL, COCHRANE, and all EMB ...
Hoier B - - 2012
This study examined the effect of acute exercise and 4 weeks of aerobic training on skeletal muscle gene and protein expression of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors in 14 young male subjects. Training consisted of 60 min of cycling (∼60% of ), 3 times/week. Biopsies were obtained from vastus lateralis muscle ...
Santana Marcos G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the six-minute walk test (6-MWT) can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) induced by exercise training in healthy elderly men. DESIGN: Randomized and prospective controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy untrained men, between 65 and 75 years of age, were randomly ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2011
Buchheit, M, Kuitunen, S, Voss, SC, Williams, BK, Mendez- Villanueva, A, and Bourdon, PC. Physiological strain associated with high-intensity hypoxic intervals in highly trained young runners. J Strength Cond Res 26(1): 94-105, 2012-To examine the physiological strain associated with hypoxic high intensity interval training (HHIT), 8 highly trained young runners ...
Cadore Eduardo Lusa - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of different intra-session exercise sequences in the cardiovascular and neuromuscular adaptations induced by concurrent training in elderly. Twenty-six healthy elderly men (64.7±4.1years), were randomly placed into two concurrent training groups: strength training prior to (SE, n=13) or after (ES, n=13) endurance training. Subjects trained strength ...
Santos Tony M - - 2011
Santos, TM, Gomes, PSC, Oliveira, BRR, Ribeiro, LG, and Thompson, WR. A new strategy for the implementation of an aerobic training session. J Strength Cond Res 26(1): 87-93, 2012-The objectives were to propose a new strategy for adjusting aerobic training variables based on the eighth American College of Sports Medicine ...
Kamandulis Sigitas - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to monitor the changes in indirect markers of muscle damage during 3 weeks (nine training sessions) of stretch-shortening (drop jump) exercise with constant load alternated with steep increases in load. Physically active men (n = 9, mean age 19.1 years) performed a program ...
Sanches Iris Callado - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiometabolic effects of exercise training in ovariectomized hypertensive rats both submitted and not submitted to fructose overload. METHODS: Spontaneously hypertensive ovariectomized rats were divided into sedentary and trained (THO) groups submitted to normal chow and sedentary and trained groups submitted ...
Zielinski Jacek - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of training loads on metabolic response of purine derivatives in highly trained sprinters (10 men, age range 20-29 yr) in a 1-yr cycle, compared with endurance-training mode in triathletes (10 men, age range 21-28 yr). A four-time measurement of respiratory ...
Chen Yen-Huey - - 2011
PURPOSE: The functional status and outcomes in patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) are often limited by poor endurance and pulmonary mechanics which were resulted from the primary diseases or prolonged bedridden. We evaluate the impact of exercise training on pulmonary mechanics, physical functional status, and hospitalization outcomes in PMV ...
Eherer A J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:The lower esophageal sphincter (LES), surrounded by diaphragmatic muscle, prevents gastroesophageal reflux. When these structures become incompetent, gastric contents may cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). For treatment, lifestyle interventions are always recommended. We hypothesized that by actively training the crura of the diaphragm as part of the LES using breathing ...
Lo Hsin-Chang - - 2012
The aim of this study is to determine whether short term functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted cycling training can affect the postural control of stroke patients, and whether the application of FES can enhance the effect of cycling training. 20 stroke patients were randomly assigned to the FES-cycling group (FES-CG) or ...
Libonati Joseph R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to test the impact of chronic exercise training combined with selective angiotensin II receptor (AT1) antagonism on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the left-ventricular pressure-volume relationship in normotensive, non-infarcted rat hearts. Wistar rats (N = 19) were randomly assigned to either a sedentary control group (N = 8) ...
Raj Isaac Selva - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: We compared the effects of eccentrically-biased (EB) and conventional (CONV) resistance training on: muscle architecture, 1 repetition maximum (1RM), isometric strength, isokinetic force-velocity characteristics, functional capacity and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in older men and women. METHODS: Twenty-eight older adults participated in the study (mean±S.D; age 68±5 years). Of ...
Hansen Ernst A - - 2011
It was tested whether heavy strength training, including hip flexion exercise, would reduce the extent of the phase in the crank revolution where negative or retarding crank torque occurs. Negative torque normally occurs in the upstroke phase where the leg is lifted by flexing the hip. Eighteen well-trained cyclists either ...
Cassilhas R C - - 2011
A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that exercise has a positive impact on human health, including neurological health. Aerobic exercise, which is supposed to enhance cardiovascular functions and metabolism, also induces neurotrophic factors that affect hippocampal neurons, thereby improving spatial learning and memory. Alternatively, little is known about the ...
Leicht Christof A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Altered autonomic innervation in tetraplegic individuals has been shown to depress certain immune parameters at rest and alter exercise related salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) responses. The purpose of this study was to examine resting sIgA responses as a function of training load and episodes of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) ...
Mandic Sandra - - 2011
It is now accepted that exercise training is a safe and effective therapeutic intervention to improve clinical status, functional capacity, and quality of life in people with chronic heart failure (CHF). Nevertheless, this therapeutic modality remains underprescribed and underutilized. Both aerobic and resistance training improve exercise capacity and may partially ...
Kent W - - 2011
Greater aerobic fitness is associated with improved cardiovascular health. Traditionally high volume (long duration and low intensity) endurance training (ET) has been used to increase aerobic fitness. Interval training where periods of hard exercise are interspersed with periods of recovery can also enhance endurance performance. Sprint interval training (SIT) is ...
Naghii M R - - 2011
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been regarded as an exercise training method and as a non-pharmacological supportive treatment option appearing to be efficient for chronic disease conditions, such as bone disorders and cardio-respiratory fitness. Since, data on the safety and efficacy of vibration on plasma parameters are lacking, therefore, it ...
Mead Gillian - - 2011
Stroke survivors experience marked reduction in physical activity and fitness. Regular physical fitness training, started early poststroke, could help recovery in the long term and is recommended in many clinical guidelines. However, implementation of programs is hampered by our current lack of knowledge about what interventions are most effective and ...
Wu Se-Der - - 2011
To investigate the possibility of using Ryodoraku as a tool to indicate sympathetic neuronal activity. Twenty-two female college students were assigned to an treadmill exercise program (three times a week for six weeks), and another 25 were assigned as controls. Skin conductance levels of the subjects were measured at 24 ...
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