Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 946
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Feng D - - 2000
Markers of inflammation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen, have been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular disease. In the Physicians Health Study, the magnitude of reduction in the risk of myocardial infarction with aspirin therapy was related to baseline CRP levels, raising the possibility that the protective effect ...
Heldal M - - 2000
In this study we assessed the short- and long-term effects of 4-weeks of exercise training (MI) soon after myocardial infarction in patients on beta-blocker treatment. Thirty-seven male patients < or = 65 years of age were included in the study, 19 of them randomized to exercise training (ET) and 18 ...
Drehner D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Basic military training in the U.S. Air Force exposes recruits to multiple environmental and psychological stressors. Deaths often prompt examination of the training process. METHODS: This retrospective case study evaluates recruit deaths at Lackland Air Force Base between 1956 and 1996 in terms of demographic, clinical, and environmental variables. ...
Feng D L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: It is well accepted that heavy physical exertion can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction, but the mechanism is uncertain. As platelet and endothelial function play an important role in thrombotic events, platelet and prostacyclin responses to maximal treadmill exercise were studied. METHODS/RESULTS: The study subjects were 40 healthy ...
Salyer J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify which pre- and perioperative clinical parameters were predictive of predischarge submaximal exercise capacity and early postdischarge maximal exercise capacity in cardiac transplant recipients. METHODS: We studied 24 patients (mean age = 46; 25% African American) who underwent cardiac transplantation followed by an early ...
Cannistra L B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise increases exercise capacity and physical fitness, but questions remain about the effects of exercise on left ventricle (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction. This study investigated the effects of moderate to high intensity exercise training on LV remodeling after a first myocardial infarction. METHODS: An exercise group of ...
Lavie C J - - 1999
A decade of research from the Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute's cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and exercise training programs demonstrates the benefits of this therapy on coronary risk factors, exercise capacity, cardiopulmonary parameters, behavioral characteristics, and quality of life in various subgroups of patients, including the elderly, women, obese patients, and groups ...
Desideri A - - 1999
The aim of our study was to compare the prognostic value of stress echocardiography and exercise electrocardiography after uncomplicated non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction in a series of 68 consecutive patients. Our data show that stress echocardiography and exercise electrocardiography offer similar prognostic information after uncomplicated non-Q-wave AMI.
Jensen-Urstad K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits and risks of symptom limited exercise testing versus low level exercise testing soon after a thrombolytic treated acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: 98 patients (71 men, 27 women), mean (SD) age 64 (9) years (range 45-75 years), were investigated 5-8 days after admittance to ...
Tsuruta M - - 1999
Platelet aggregation is one of the most important mechanisms for acute myocardial infarction during exercise. We sought to evaluate the effect of ticlopidine (TP) on platelet aggregation (PA) during exercise in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). We studied 38 patients with IHD, 26 patients with effort angina pectoris, and ...
Yamada S - - 1999
The contribution of venous return to the increase in anaerobic threshold (AT) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was investigated. Twenty-seven patients with uncomplicated AMI underwent supine and sitting cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and 10 out of these 27 patients performed constant-workload tests in which cardiac output before and after ...
Dugmore L D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine and evaluate improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and vocational status in postmyocardial infarction patients during and after a comprehensive 12 month exercise rehabilitation programme. SUBJECTS: The sample population comprised 124 patients with a clinical diagnosis of myocardial infarction (122 men and two women). ...
Bodí V - - 1999
The case of a 76 year-old male who suffered acute free wall rupture and sudden hemodynamic deterioration during the recovery phase of a pre-discharge exercise testing (performed 7 days after a noncomplicated myocardial infarction) is presented. Usefulness of echocardiography in early diagnosis, management (guiding pericardiocentesis) and follow-up is remarked and, ...
Chen S C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are several factors those contribute to the amount of axillary drainage after modified radical mastectomy. The drains should be removed as early as possible. Whether the active shoulder movement of the lesion side increases the amount of axillary drainage needs to be studied prospectively. METHODS: From 1994 through ...
Villella M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of the pressure-rate product (PRP) obtained during exercise stress testing and of its change from rest to maximal exercise (dPRP) in a population of survivors of acute myocardial infarction treated with thrombolytic agents. METHODS AND RESULTS: Survivors of ...
Kimura M - - 1999
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise capacity and ventilatory response in patients with stable old myocardial infarction. We performed cardiopulmonary exercise test in 61 patients with stable old myocardial infarction and in 30 healthy men. Each subject exercised on a bicycle ergometer until ...
Chatziioannou S N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although high exercise tolerance is associated with an excellent prognosis, the significance of abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with high exercise tolerance has not been established. This study retrospectively compares the utility of MPI and exercise ECG (EECG) in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 388 consecutive ...
Bages N - - 1999
In this study, 32 first myocardial infarction (MI) cases and 42 healthy controls were compared with respect to vital exhaustion (VE), a state characterized by loss of energy, increased irritability, and feelings of demoralization. This state has been found to precede the onset of cardiac events. Participants also responded to ...
Yamagishi H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specificity and sensitivity of the combination of redistribution in exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and exercise induced ST elevation for detecting the viable myocardium in patients with acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: 37 patients were studied within seven weeks of onset of Q wave ...
Deskur E - - 1998
We have investigated the influence of physical training on exercise-induced changes in free radical activity in patients after myocardial infarction. Seventeen patients admitted to the cardiac rehabilitation center performed a bicycle ergometry before and after a 3-week endurance training program. The oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production were measured and ...
Cadena S M - - 1998
MI-D (4-phenyl-5-(4-nitro-cinnamoyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazolium-2-phenylami ne chloride), a new mesoionic compound, depressed the phosphorylation efficiency of liver mitochondria as deduced from an accentuated decrease of the respiratory control coefficient and ADP/O ratio. Analysis of segments of the respiratory chain suggested that the MI-D inhibition site is further on than complex I and between ...
Jørgensen B - - 1998
Improvement in exercise capacity is an important clinical effect of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and was assessed in patients with and without previous myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing PTCA. We prospectively followed patients with exercise testing before and 2 weeks after angioplasty in 415 patients, 170 (41%) of whom had ...
McConnell T R - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether captopril (CAP) therapy had an effect on the minute ventilation/carbon dioxide output (VE/VCO2) ratio at submaximal levels of exercise in asymptomatic patients with reduced left ventricular function after myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Double blinded, randomized, prospective, repeated measures. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: One hundred thirty-five patients with ...
Yamamoto A - - 1998
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) secretion increases after myocardial infarction (MI); its plasma level may reflect the degree of left ventricular dysfunction. This study examines how aerobic exercise therapy for MI influences BNP secretion. Subjects included 70 patients (mean age, 62.0+/-11.3 years) who were divided into four groups: (1) 20 patients ...
Yu G L - - 1998
To evaluate the clinical significance of QT dispersion after exercise in patients with previous myocardial infarction, QT dispersion (QTd) and corrected QTd (QTcd) were assessed with standard 12 leads electrocardiogram in 90 patients with previous myocardial infarction and 30 healthy persons before and 3 min after a treadmill exercise test. ...
Dziekan G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Among the factors that contribute to limiting exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure are reduced peripheral blood flow and impaired vasodilatory capacity. Exercise training improves vasodilatory capacity in normal subjects, but controlled studies of exercise training evaluating upper and lower limb blood flow rates have not been performed in ...
Mobilia G - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of exercise-induced T wave normalization (TWN) in infarct-related electrocardiographic leads (IRLs) for detection of residual viability in the infarct area. BACKGROUND: The meaning of exercise-induced TWN on IRLs is not yet well understood. Recent reports suggest that TWN during dobutamine echocardiography could indicate ...
Lundeberg T - - 1998
To directly evaluate the effect of physical exercise on survival, 80 rats were randomly assigned to either sedentary life (n = 40) or physical exercise 7 days/week during 6 weeks (n = 40), starting 2 weeks after coronary ligation. All animals were followed daily for 183 days. Size of myocardial ...
Nowak A - - 1998
This paper presents results of 3 weeks physical training on glucosamine level in serum of male patients after myocardial infarction (MI) aged between 38 and 61. Patients were randomised in two groups: the training group (n = 21), staying in Cardiac Rehabilitation Department and the control group (n = 11), ...
Jitpraphai C - - 1998
Prospective study: 44 cases of post acute uncomplicated myocardial infarction were divided into 2 groups: control and exercise groups. The control group consisted of 22 patients, 35-74 years (mean 63.25) and exercise group consisted of 22 patients, 33-71 years (mean 54). The exercise test was performed at 5 METS predischarge ...
Ajisaka R - - 1998
The usefulness of normalization of negative T waves in exercise ECG was investigated as an index of myocardial viability in patients with previous myocardial infarction with no symptoms or ischemic ST-segment change during exercise test. A total of 39 patients, 20 with T-wave normalization (POS group) and 19 without T-wave ...
Yi G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Prolongation of the QT interval and increased QT dispersion have been proposed to be associated with arrhythmic risk after myocardial infarction. However, controversy remains regarding the prognostic value of ventricular repolarization abnormalities in the risk stratification of patients surviving acute myocardial infarction. HYPOTHESIS AND OBJECTIVE: The QT interval is ...
Grady T A - - 1998
CONTEXT: Approximately 0.5% of all patients who undergo exercise testing develop a transient left bundle-branch block (LBBB) during exercise, but its prognostic significance is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exercise-induced LBBB is an independent predictor of mortality and cardiac morbidity. DESIGN: Matched control cohort study. Between September 1990 and February ...
Alhaddad I A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The effect of exercise on left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction is unclear. The purpose of this investigation was to test whether exercise undertaken during the healing phase of an acute myocardial infarction has an adverse effect on left ventricular remodeling. METHODS: Before surgery, rats (n = 94) were ...
Takehana K - - 1998
Cardiovascular responses to static-dynamic exercises were studied in 27 patients with recent myocardial infarction. Patients with ischemic electrocardiographic changes at peak weight carrying exercise (group 1 = 8 patients) had a significantly larger left ventricular end-diastolic volume than those without (group 2 = 19 patients). A higher tension time index ...
Piccirillo G - - 1998
In order to assess high-pressure baroceptor sensitivity and parasympathetic function in elderly patients with silent myocardial ischemia, we selected 45 inpatients in our geriatric unit for a prospective cohort study of patients with coronary heart disease. All patients were over 65 years of age (37 men and 8 women) and ...
Naka M - - 1997
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of exercise on QT dispersion over the next 3 hours, as seen on a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram in patients with healed myocardial infarction with or without residual ischemia. We measured QT and QTc dispersion before, immediately after, and 1 and 2 hours after ...
Bryniarski L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out whether the presence of hypertension affects heart rate variability in patients rehabilitated after myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Echocardiography, exercise testing and 24 h Holter monitoring were performed before and after 27 days of early postdischarge cardiac rehabilitation. PATIENTS: The study population ...
Kawamura K - - 1997
Hemodynamic parameters were measured during bathing and exercise testing in 43 patients with myocardial infarction (mean age: 60.2 years) to investigate the predictive parameters to determine when patients could safely resume bathing. Patients took a fresh water bath at 42 degrees C in the supine position for 5 min in ...
Doi M - - 1997
We devised a new physical training program on the basis of anaerobic threshold for rehabilitation in the early phase of acute myocardial infarction. Forty-four patients were divided into two groups, control and training. We measured the left ventricular ejection fraction using nuclear stethoscopy during the treadmill test and calculating radioactive ...
Vanhees L - - 1997
Exercise testing after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) provides prognostic information. In many studies submaximum exercise tests performed until a given work load, metabolic equivalents (METs) level, or heart rate were used or patients discontinued the exercise test prematurely because of symptoms. We showed recently that peak oxygen uptake during maximum ...
Akutsu Y - - 1997
We evaluated quantitatively the correlations between resting wall motion and regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF; at rest and during exercise) in infarct-related myocardium. The study was performed in 28 subjects: 21 patients who had previously suffered myocardial infarction of the anteroseptal wall, and 7 normal individuals. Positron emission tomography (PET) ...
Arai Y - - 1997
We studied immunohistochemically the expression of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the frontal lobes of 18 Down syndrome (DS) patients (20 gestation weeks (GW) to 50 years) and 15 controls (17 GW to 50 years) using six purified antibodies against the secretory forms (N-terminal, N-Amy and Amy540), the Kunitz-type protease ...
Lindahl B - - 1997
In 963 patients, participating in a randomized study of low molecular weight heparin in unstable coronary artery disease and followed for 5 months, troponin T was determined. In the 766 patients with a pre-discharge exercise test both troponin T level and exercise test response were independent predictors of prognosis. Cardiac ...
Ekstrand K - - 1997
Clinical and ergometric data were derived from 1098 consecutive exercise tests in patients with a first acute myocardial infarction between 1974-1983. In 1992 a follow-up was performed in order to analyse the importance of a submaximal early exercise test, in combination with clinical data, for the prediction of short- and ...
Leitch J W - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether a moderate intensity supervised exercise training program, performed immediately after an uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction, improves recovery in cardiac autonomic function compared with standard advice about activity at home. BACKGROUND: Exercise training has beneficial effects on cardiac autonomic function and may improve prognosis ...
Dubach P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting reports on the effects of training on the remodeling process in post-myocardial infarction patients with ventricular damage. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with reduced ventricular function (mean ejection fraction, 32.3+/-6%) after an anteroseptal or inferolateral myocardial infarction were randomized to an exercise group (n=12) or a ...
Podzolkov V P - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The optimal technique of the Fontan operation remains disputable. This investigation was aimed at the comparison of atriopulmonary and total cavopulmonary anastomoses. METHODS: The results of 81 operations of total cavopulmonary and 69 operations of atriopulmonary anastomosis, performed from 1983 to 1995 were analysed. A control study was carried ...
Caimi G - - 1997
We evaluated, during an exercise test, the leukocyte flow properties, the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) membrane fluidity and PMN cytosolic Ca2+ content in normals, in subjects with previous acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in subjects previously submitted to a aortocoronary by-pass. Leukocyte flow properties were evaluated using the St. George filtrometer. ...
Musha H - - 1997
QT dispersion (QTd: maximum QT interval-minimum QT interval) is associated with severe cardiac arrhythmia and with abnormal ventricular repolarization. We investigated the influence of exercise on QTd in patients with ischemic heart disease. On standard 12-lead electrocardiograms, QTd was measured before and after treadmill exercise in 7 normal subjects, 17 ...
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