Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 943
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Elhendy Abdou - - 2003
Patients with a normal stress technetium 99m sestamibi study were shown to have a favorable outcome at intermediate-term follow-up. However, long-term survival has not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of mortality and cardiac events at long-term follow-up after a normal exercise ...
Tomita T - - 2003
To elucidate the responsible mechanisms of increased slope of minute ventilation relative to carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO(2)) during exercise after acute myocardial infarction without overt signs of heart failure, patients who had an acute myocardial infarction were examined after participating in a three month supervised exercise training programme. Exercise testing, ...
Diemont W L - - 2003
A total of 76 male patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) were investigated. Erectile dysfunction (ED) was defined as insufficient erection during visual erotic stimulation (VES) or during sleep as measured with Rigiscan and Erectiometer. Data on medical history, physical examination, and laboratory variables were collected. Furthermore, penile pharmacological duplex ...
Laisaar Tanel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Streptokinase is widely used IV for the treatment of myocardial infarction and intrapleurally for the treatment of loculated pleural effusions. IV administration of streptokinase is known to cause the production of antistreptokinase antibodies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the intrapleural administration of streptokinase results ...
Desideri Alessandro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Predischarge stress testing provides suboptimal prediction of spontaneous hard events following uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction (AMI). HYPOTHESIS: This study was aimed at assessing whether soft cardiac ischemic events requiring late revascularization could be predicted more accurately. METHODS: In all, 428 patients undergoing exercise electrocardiography (ECG) and stress echocardiography (SE, ...
Hage Camilla - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical activity and exercise as part of cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary event improves exercise capacity and quality of life in most patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate physical activity level, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and perceived health three to six ...
Steingart Richard M - - 2002
Exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has significant value for risk stratification, but most patients studied have been middle-aged. In particular, the value of exercise MPI in elderly patients with interpretable electrocardiographic (ECG) stress test results has not been well defined. MEHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical, ECG stress test, MPI, and follow-up ...
La Rovere Maria Teresa - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite the rational expectation for a survival benefit produced by exercise training among post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients, direct evidence remains elusive. Clinically, changes in autonomic balance toward lower vagal activity have consistently been associated with increased mortality risk; conversely, among both control and post-MI dogs, exercise training improved vagal ...
Gunning Mark G - - 2002
AIM: We assessed the effects of a 6-week exercise programme on the thallium-201 myocardial perfusion characteristics of patients following myocardial infarction. METHODS: Twenty-five patients presenting with a first acute myocardial infarction were randomised into two groups: (i) those undergoing a supervised exercise training programme over 6 weeks (n=15) and (ii) ...
Holzgrefe Henry H HH 08534Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Pennington, New Jersey 08534, USA. - - 2002
1. The present study compared the acute efficacies of vasopeptidase inhibition with omapatrilat, nitroglycerin and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction. Omapatrilat, a vasopeptidase inhibitor, inhibits both neutral endopeptidase and ACE. Whereas vasopeptidase inhibitors have demonstrated clinical efficacy in hypertension and heart failure, their effects in myocardial ischaemia ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2002
Our aims were to assess (1) the relation between exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and myocardial wall motion abnormalities during exercise echocardiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), and (2) the effect of this relation on outcome. We studied the clinical and prognostic significance of exercise-induced VA in 1,460 ...
Sicari R - - 2002
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative prognostic value of clinical variables, the exercise electrocardiography test and the pharmacological stress echocardiography test either with dipyridamole or dobutamine early after a first uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction in a large, multicentre, prospective study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven ...
Wisén Anita G M - - 2002
To predict maximal exercise capacity, we have developed the rating of perceived capacity (RPC) scale, based on metabolic equivalents (METs). MET values from 1 to 20 were listed on a progressive scale and linked to physical activities. Test subjects rated their perceived capacity by choosing the most strenuous activity and ...
Duraković Z - - 2002
Physical exercise has a beneficial effect to the humans. Sudden death in healthy persons engaged in physical exercise is extremely rare since healthy heart is protected from complications. The records of five elderly men who died during or immediately after exercise in the period between 1988-2001 in our region have ...
Lavie C J - - 2001
Considerable research from the Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute has focused on the effects of exercise training in patients with coronary heart disease. In this review, the authors discuss the risks and benefits of exercise training in general patients, as well as those with known vascular disease, and provide suggestions ...
Duncker D J - - 2001
1. It is unknown how cardiac stimulation by Ca(2+) sensitization modulates the cardiovascular response to exercise when left ventricular (LV) function is chronically depressed following a myocardial infarction. We therefore investigated the effects of EMD 57033 at rest and during exercise and compared these to those of the mixed Ca(2+)-sensitizer/phosphodiesterase-III ...
Otto A C AC Departments of Nuclear Medicine, Medical Physics and Biostatistics, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2001
A late reduction (i.e. 1 hour post exercise) in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with ischaemic heart disease was recently reported with radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This was ascribed to possible stunning provoked by exercise-induced ischaemia. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the possible ...
Aronow W S - - 2001
Cardiac rehabilitation with exercise training after myocardial infarction in persons younger than 70 years has been found to cause a significant decrease in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and fatal reinfarction, but no significant difference in nonfatal reinfarction. After myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization in older individuals, such programs significantly improve ...
Prakash M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence of abnormal treadmill test responses and their association with mortality in a large consecutive series of patients referred for standard exercise tests, with testing performed and reported in a standardized fashion. BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is widely performed, but few databases exist of large numbers of ...
Bednarz B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of patients with unstable angina or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) is an unresolved clinical problem. The prognostic value of T-wave normalization (TWN) during exercise has not been studied in this group of patients. HYPOTHESIS: Event-free survival in clinically stable patients after an acute coronary event without ST-segment ...
Urek R - - 2001
Resting measurement of only left ventricular systolic function, is not enough sufficient parameter that predicts exercise capacity in patients with cardiac disease. Therefore, left ventricular filling shortly after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was prospectively studied to determine whether it could predict subsequent exercise time. Consecutive AMI patients underwent Doppler ...
Satoh T - - 2001
The relationship between ventilation (VE) and CO2 output (VCO2) is fitted linearly. The steeper gradient implies excessive ventilation. Through an evaluation of the VE-VCO2 slopes, this study investigated whether patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have excessive ventilation and whether it improved in 4 months. The VE-VCO2 slopes were determined ...
Lee K T - - 2001
Cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) is a sensitive and specific marker for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, elevation of serum cTn-I has been observed in some unstable angina patients who have a worse prognosis than those with normal serum cTn-I levels. It is unknown whether serum cTn-I can elevate ...
Brandt M A - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that exercise training improves myocardial blood flow and regional myocardial contractile function in a lateral border zone located adjacent to the ischemic zone during coronary artery occlusion. METHODS: Fourteen dogs were subjected to either 12 wk of dynamic exercise training or cage rest. Dogs ...
Caffarone A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Beat to beat electrical alternans of the T wave (TWA) on the electrocardiogram is a risk marker for the occurrence of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Atrial pacing or exercise are commonly used to increase heart rate to the critical level for TWA detection. However, atrial pacing requires invasive procedures while ...
Yamashita N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exercise is capable of protecting the myocardium from experimental infarction and to explore the involvement of protein kinase C, a key signalling protein, in the development of any protection observed. METHODS: Rats were exercised on a treadmill for 30 minutes at 23-27 m/min. Sham treated animals ...
Parrish D O - - 2001
In a number of medical centers, exercise testing has proven to be a safe and useful tool in the evaluation of patients presenting chest pain in an emergency room. At these centers, after a period of observation without evidence of acute myocardial infarction, exercise testing is done. If the exercise ...
Domínguez H - - 2001
AIMS: To study the long-term prognostic information obtained from an exercise test following an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Between 1979 and 1983, 1773 consecutive patients were admitted to Glostrup County Hospital with an acute myocardial infarction. Of 1430 patients who were alive after 3 weeks, 718 performed an exercise test. ...
Dorn J - - 2001
This study examined the association between peak exercise systolic blood pressure and other exercise test parameters and the long-term (19-year) survival of 625 patients with myocardial infarction who were original participants of the National Exercise and Heart Disease Project, a 3-year (1976 to 1979) multicenter randomized exercise clinical trial. Results ...
Vasey C G - - 2001
Patients frequently undergo low-level exercise treadmill testing after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and, in the absence of inducible ischemia, a maximal test several weeks later. This study examines 203 patients who had 2-dimensional echocardiography before and after a maximal Bruce protocol exercise treadmill test performed 4 to 6 weeks after ...
Rosano G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the effects of estrogen/transvaginal progesterone gel with estrogen/medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in postmenopausal women with coronary artery disease or previous myocardial infarction, or both. BACKGROUND: Estrogen therapy beneficially affects exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in postmenopausal women; however, women with an intact uterus also ...
Iellamo F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia and infarction impair baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), which when depressed is predictive of future cardiac events after myocardial infarction (MI). The main objective of this study was to determine whether exercise training improves BRS in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-seven male patients with and ...
Prestor V V - - 2000
Long-term leukemia survivors (46) underwent cardiac evaluation, including physical examination, ECG, exercise testing, and echocardiography. They were 2-17 years old at diagnosis and 5-23 years old after treatment. Thirty-four survivors received anthracyclines (AC) (mean 203 mg/m2), 12 of them had also alkylating agents (AA) and 12 had no AC. Exercise ...
Hurlen M - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise on platelet aggregability, blood coagulation, and fibrinolysis in patients with recent myocardial infarction, and to examine these effects in relation to two different antithrombotic regimens. Forty patients (mean age 60 years) were investigated 3 months after ...
DeBusk R F - - 2000
The cardiovascular tolerance for sex has largely been equated with physical activity, yet sexual arousal plays a major role. Exercise testing is useful, primarily for evaluating functional capacity, which reflects the extent of physical conditioning and the limitation imposed by symptoms of angina, dyspnea, and fatigue. Exercise testing, which is ...
Myers J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Healthcare organizations are being graded in terms of their adherence to practice guidelines. The authors sought information on practice patterns of exercise testing within the Veterans Affairs Health Care System (VAHCS) to determine how well current practice patterns adhere to current guidelines. In addition, we sought to update past ...
Kelion A D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) have a high prevalence of coronary disease and are at risk for cardiac events. This may offset the prognostic benefit of surgical repair. We investigated whether preoperative exercise equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA) could be used to identify patients at high risk for ...
Jain M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The effects of exercise training on LV remodelling following large anterior myocardial infarction (MI) remains controversial. Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system has been shown to prevent ventricular dilation and deleterious remodeling. We therefore tested, in a rat model of chronic MI, whether any potentially deleterious effects of exercise on ...
Senaratne M P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of exercise testing (ET) using a Bruce protocol (BPR) within three days of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with the data obtained from a prospectively managed database. BACKGROUND: Exercise testing after AMI is usually done between days 4 and 6 and often using ...
Koide Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The presence of ischemic but viable myocardium in infarcted areas is an important indication for coronary revascularization, but is often difficult to detect with the use of treadmill exercise electrocardiography (ECG). HYPOTHESIS: QT interval dispersion (QTd) is a sensitive method for detecting myocardial ischemia and may improve the accuracy ...
Beuerle J R - - 2000
Carbonic anhydrase III (CA III) is an enzyme present in skeletal muscle which is released into circulation following injury. Myoglobin (Mb) is a heme protein located in skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle which is also released after injury. Because CA III is not present in myocardium, combining serum CA III ...
Kim S E - - 2000
Crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) tends to persist or even worsen after supratentorial infarction. Several studies have shown impairment of cerebral vasomotor responsiveness in the hemispheric area of diaschisis in patients with hemispheric infarction. This finding has led to the concern that the lack of CCD reversibility might be associated with ...
Toh V C - - 2000
A retrospective study of 35 term infants with post-asphyxial hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) was conducted to identify early clinical predictors of either death or major motor disability at 18 mo of age. Twenty-three had severe adverse outcome:13 died and 10 had major neurological sequelae. The significant risk factors were a low ...
Naughton J - - 2000
The relation of maximal exercise systolic pressure to physical conditioning and to mortality was determined in 641 men with > or =1 myocardial infarctions. Each performed a standardized multistage exercise test before randomized assignment either to an exercise group or a control group and at scheduled periodic intervals over 3 ...
Al-Obaidi M K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested by clinical, epidemiological, and experimental in vitro studies that homocysteine potentiates thrombin generation. This prothrombotic effect however has not previously been demonstrated in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with ACS (n =117) presenting with confirmed acute myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Marchionni N - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Exercise tolerance is reduced with advancing age. Identification of potentially reversible determinants of the age-related decrement in exercise tolerance, which remain largely unexplored in older subjects and in patients recovering from a recent myocardial infarction (MI), may have useful therapeutic implications. The objective of this study was to identify ...
Takehana K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Graded dynamic exercise-stress testing of patients with acute myocardial infarction prior to discharge from hospital has an important diagnostic and prognostic implication. Although many daily tasks involve combinations of static and dynamic exercise, little is known about cardiovascular responses during combined static-dynamic exercise. OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference between ...
Feng D - - 2000
Markers of inflammation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen, have been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular disease. In the Physicians Health Study, the magnitude of reduction in the risk of myocardial infarction with aspirin therapy was related to baseline CRP levels, raising the possibility that the protective effect ...
Heldal M - - 2000
In this study we assessed the short- and long-term effects of 4-weeks of exercise training (MI) soon after myocardial infarction in patients on beta-blocker treatment. Thirty-seven male patients < or = 65 years of age were included in the study, 19 of them randomized to exercise training (ET) and 18 ...
Drehner D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Basic military training in the U.S. Air Force exposes recruits to multiple environmental and psychological stressors. Deaths often prompt examination of the training process. METHODS: This retrospective case study evaluates recruit deaths at Lackland Air Force Base between 1956 and 1996 in terms of demographic, clinical, and environmental variables. ...
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