Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 946
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Lazo-Osório Rodrigo Alexis - - 2009
The aim of this study is to assess the effect of pre-pregnancy physical training on metabolic responses and its effects on offspring. Three groups of rats (n = 7 in each group): sedentary pregnant rats (PS), exercised during pregnancy (PE) and pregnant rats trained before and during pregnancy (PT) were ...
Hordern M D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effects of a 1-year exercise intervention on myocardial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial, the Diabetes Lifestyle Intervention Study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 223 T2DM patients without occult coronary artery disease, aged 18-75 were randomised to an exercise training ...
Buckley John P - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare ratings of perceived exertion (RPE; Borg's 6-20 scale) at the same exercise intensity, between a standard exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) treadmill stress test (exECG) and two subsequent bouts of treadmill exercise in a cardiac rehabilitation gymnasium. Eleven patients (mean +/- s) 60.8 +/- ...
Freimann Sarit - - 2009
PURPOSE: We and others have shown that swimming exercise training performed before irreversible coronary occlusion improves the outcome of the heart injury and alters gene expression at the remodeling phase. The purpose of the current study was to identify temporal changes in the molecular response to myocardial infraction of prior ...
Linke Sarah E SE San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California 92120, USA. - - 2009
Although extensive research has been conducted on both smoking and low exercise capacity alone, few studies have examined the joint impact or interaction of these two risk factors. We examined the joint and interactive effects of smoking and self-reported exercise capacity on subsequent clinical events (heart failure, myocardial infarction [MI], ...
Marmur Jonathan D - - 2009
To evaluate the long-term mortality after bolus-only administration of abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Studies on platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors (GPI) administered as bolus-only during PCI suggest that this strategy may be similar in efficacy, safer, and more cost-effective compared to a bolus plus infusion ...
Banzer Winfried - - 2009
This is the first 7-year prospective case report on the relationship between VO(2)max during preparation and the following year's entry ranking for a top athlete. The strong relationship between VO(2)max and the following year's ATP entry ranking over time underlines the importance of the preseason training period to optimise cardiorespiratory ...
Wu Guifu - - 2009
The mechanism of exercise-induced benefit and angiogenesis in ischemic heart disease remains poorly defined. This study was designed to investigate the effects of exercise training on the expression of angiogenic factors and angiogenesis in the infarcted myocardium [myocarial infaction (MI)]. Sixty-three male FVB mice were used for study and were ...
Scognamiglio R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Normotensive hypokalaemic tubulopathies (Bartter and Gitelman syndromes (BS/GS)) are genetic diseases that are considered benign. However, QT prolongation, left ventricular dysfunction and reduction of cardiac index upon exercise leading to arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death have been reported in these patients. Hence, we aimed to verifying whether an isometric ...
Ilias Nasreen A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treadmill exercise testing provides prognostic and clinical information that is not available for patients with lower extremity disabilities who undergo pharmacologic stress tests. We sought to determine whether arm ergometer (AXT) exercise capacity in resting metabolic equivalents (METs) and hemodynamic and electrocardiographic responses to AXT are predictors of survival, ...
Mladenka Premysl - - 2009
High levels of catecholamines are cardiotoxic and may trigger acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Similarly, the synthetic catecholamine isoprenaline (ISO) evokes a pathological state similar to AMI. During AMI there is a marked increase of free iron and copper which are crucial catalysts of reactive oxygen species formation. Rutin, a natural ...
Zheng Huan H Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai, - - 2008
To study the effects of 6 months exercise training on ventricular remodelling and autonomic tone in patients with acute myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary intervention. Single-blinded randomized control trial. Sixty patients with acute myocardial infarction who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention. The exercise group followed a 6-month supervised exercise programme, ...
Henninger Nils - - 2009
In a rat embolic stroke (eMCAO) model, the effects of 100% normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) with delayed recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administration on ischemic lesion size and safety were assessed by diffusion- and perfusion (PWI)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. NBO or room air (Air) by a face mask was started at ...
Zanchi Nelo Eidy - - 2008
Myocardial infarction (MI) has been associated with increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS). Exercise training (ET) has been shown to exert positive modulations on vascular function and the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of moderate ET on the aortic superoxide production index, NAD(P)H oxidase activity, ...
A?t Mou Younss - - 2009
AIMS: The exercise-induced beneficial mechanisms after long-term myocardial infarction (MI) are incompletely understood. The present study evaluated the effect of treadmill exercise training (5 weeks), started at a late stage of heart failure (HF) (13 weeks post-MI), on rat left ventricle remodelling and dysfunction of the regional global and cellular ...
Aijaz Bilal - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Poor exercise capacity, abnormal heart rate responses, and electrocardiographic abnormalities during treadmill exercise testing independently predict mortality. The combined relationship of these 3 variables to determine the incremental increase in mortality was compared in groups with and without known cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Patients referred for treadmill exercise testing ...
Ferrante Simona - - 2008
Objectives.  This paper describes an experimental investigation of variable frequency stimulation patterns as a means of increasing torque production and, hence, performance in cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation. Materials and Methods.  Experiments were conducted on six able-bodied subjects stimulating both quadriceps during isokinetic trials. Constant-frequency trains (CFT) with 50-msec ...
Ikeda Nahoko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present study were to explore the mobilization of bone marrow-derived CD34(+)/133(+) cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and bare metal stent implantation who participated in daily exercise training, and associations with exercise capacity and restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants comprised 23 Japanese men ...
Lee Bai-Chin - - 2008
Cardiac rehabilitation is believed to increase myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR), but this has not been adequately studied because of poor delineation of infarcted myocardium in previous studies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cardiac rehabilitation on MPR in the remote and infarcted myocardium with contrast-enhanced ...
Balen Sanja - - 2008
The aim of this investigation was to determine the effect of exercise training on the levels of plasma cytokines and acute phase reactants in the early post acute myocardial infarction (AMI) period. Sixty patients were enrolled into this three-week cardiac rehabilitation study. The mean time from AMI was 7.08 +/- ...
Xu Xiaohua - - 2008
AIMS: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that angiotensin II receptor blockade combined with exercise training after myocardial infarction (MI) could attenuate post-MI left ventricular remodelling and preserve cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent ligation of the left descending coronary artery, resulting in MI, or a sham ...
Chacko Karen M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Heart rate recovery (HRR) immediately after peak exercise has utility as a predictor of all-cause mortality. However, a prognostic role for HRR has not been specifically evaluated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), nor has an association between HRR and cardiovascular (CV) events been documented. This study ...
Peterson Pamela N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between exercise capacity and nonfatal cardiac events in patients referred for exercise treadmill testing (ETT). Our objective was to determine the prognostic importance of exercise capacity for nonfatal cardiac events in a clinical population. METHODS: A cohort study was performed of 9191 patients ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity is inversely related to mortality risk in healthy individuals and those with cardiovascular diseases. This evidence is based largely on white populations, with little information available for blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed the association between exercise capacity and mortality in black (n=6749; age, 58+/-11 years) and ...
Wong Chit-Ming - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of physical exercise on influenza-associated mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We collected information about exercise habits and other lifestyles, and socioeconomic and demographic status, the underlying cause of death of 24,656 adults (21% aged 30-64, 79% aged 65 or above) who died in 1998 ...
Dickson Eric W - - 2008
Exercise increases serum opioid levels and improves cardiovascular health. Here we tested the hypothesis that opioids contribute to the acute cardioprotective effects of exercise using a rat model of exercise-induced cardioprotection. For the standard protocol, rats were randomized to 4 days of treadmill training and 1 day of vigorous exercise ...
Li Siu Fai - - 2009
There is mounting evidence that exercise tolerance is an important predictor of heart disease. Our objective was to determine if decreased exercise tolerance, as estimated by physicians, may be useful in stratifying risk in Emergency Department (ED) patients with potential acute coronary syndromes. We conducted a prospective cohort study on ...
Xu Xiaohua - - 2008
To test the hypothesis that early exercise training after myocardial infarction (MI) could preserve cardiac function, alleviate left ventricular (LV) remodeling and induce a protective effect on morphology, male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent coronary ligation or sham operation, and were assigned to 3 groups: Sham, sedentary MI (SedMI), and exercise MI ...
Lunde Ketil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effects on left ventricular function of intracoronary injection of bone marrow cells in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been studied with conflicting results. The aim of this substudy of the ASTAMI trial was to examine the effects of this novel treatment on exercise capacity and quality of life. ...
Infusino Fabio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To get insight in the mechanism of exercise-induced ST-segment elevation (STE) in patients with Q/QS waves at the electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: We performed exercise stress test in 13 patients with anterior acute myocardial infarction treated by successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). RESULTS: Compared to rest, an additional STE ...
Chen Y-S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (AoCLF) is associated with a high mortality rate. An artificial liver support system (ALSS) creates a better environment for the self-regeneration of retained hepatocytes. AIM AND PATIENTS: We investigated the curative effect of ALSS on 1-month mortality at 72-120 h post-ALSS in ...
Wan Wenhan - - 2007
After a myocardial infarction (MI), the injured heart undergoes intensive remodeling characterized by activation of the circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), left ventricular (LV) dilation, and contractile dysfunction. Exercise training may attenuate activation of the RAAS and improve myocardial remodeling. In this study, we investigated whether starting exercise training early or ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2007
Nitroglycerin induces the so-called second window of protection (SWOP), which alleviates myocardial damage and stunning after ischaemia/reperfusion. To determine whether myocardial performance during exercise is improved in the second window of protection, we studied the haemodynamic responses of 12 trained and 11 sedentary individuals during a sequence of maximal tests ...
Sánchez Gina - - 2008
AIM: Our objective was to investigate in cardiac muscle the contribution of NADPH oxidase to (a) ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2) S-glutathionylation and (b) the preconditioning effects of exercise and tachycardia on infarct size following coronary artery occlusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured NADPH oxidase activity, RyR2 S-glutathionylation, and calcium release kinetics ...
Zhang Kun-Ru - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has been shown to improve cardiovascular function and to be beneficial to type 2 diabetic patients. However, the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) are largely unclear. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to determine whether long-term AE can protect the heart ...
Patterson Jeremy A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that for heart transplant recipients (HTR), posttransplantation physical work capacity (PWC) normally does not exceed 60% of the value for healthy age-matched controls. Few, if any, studies have undertaken posttransplantation PWC measurements of well-conditioned individuals (i.e., PWC>300 W). CASE SUMMARY: A 37-yr-old professionally trained ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2008
AIM: To prospectively assess the prognostic value of the Stress-Recovery Index (SRI) in women with typical chest pain. METHODS: 165 women without known coronary artery disease, who complained of typical chest pain, were exercise tested and prospectively followed-up for the occurrence of cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. SRI, defined ...
Beynon Christopher - - 2007
Hyperbaric (HBO) and normobaric (NBO) oxygen therapy have been shown to be neuroprotective in focal cerebral ischemia. In previous comparative studies, NBO appeared to be less effective than HBO. However, the experimental protocols did not account for important advantages of NBO in the clinical setting such as earlier initiation and ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2007
AIMS: As a part of the Finnish Cardiovascular Study, we tested the hypothesis that T-wave alternans (TWA) predicts mortality in a general population of patients referred for a clinical exercise test. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1037 consecutive patients (mean age+/-SD of 58+/-13 years, 673 men and 364 women) ...
Hettinga Dries M - - 2007
Objectives.  To explore the potential of functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted indoor rowing to enable spinal cord individuals to participate in indoor rowing competitions and to achieve high exercise intensities and volumes. Materials and Methods.  Six spinal cord injured subjects used a newly developed four-channel, manually controlled, FES-rowing system for training ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2007
To verify whether the stress recovery index (SRI) improves risk stratification in patients with a negative exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) using standard criteria, the SRI was derived in 708 consecutive patients with a negative exercise ECG. All-cause mortality and the combination of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction were target end points. ...
Quindry John C - - 2007
Successive bouts of endurance exercise are associated with both increased cardiac levels of heat shock protein-72 (HSP-72) and improved cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac cell death. Although overexpression of HSP-72 has been shown to be cardioprotective in transgenic animals, it is unclear whether increased levels of HSP-72 are essential for ...
Laaksonen Marko S - - 2007
Because of technical challenges very little is known about absolute myocardial perfusion in humans in vivo during physical exercise. In the present study we applied positron emission tomography (PET) in order to 1) investigate the effects of dynamic bicycle exercise on myocardial perfusion and 2) clarify the possible effects of ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incremental value of exercise echocardiography (EE) has been demonstrated to be maximal in patients with moderate pretest probability for coronary artery disease, but there is a lack of data in patients with low pretest probability or patients with good functional capacity. METHODS: To investigate whether such incremental value ...
Kim Dae-Yul - - 2007
We analyzed the therapeutic effect of the transplantation of the human embryonic stem cell (NIH Code: MB01)-derived neuronal precursor (hES-NP) cell and post-ischemic exercise in rats with the middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct model. A cortical infarct was induced in 20 adult Sprague-Dawley rats by occlusion and reperfusion of the ...
Georgoulias Panagiotis - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is associated with abnormal function of the autonomic nervous system, while autonomic dysfunction is related to attenuated heart-rate recovery (HRR) after exercise testing. The purpose of this study was to test whether HRR could be a useful index of myocardial ischaemia in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. METHODS: ...
Goto Yoichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The implementation of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been fully investigated in Japan, so a nationwide survey of hospitals was conducted. METHODS AND RESULTS: Questionnaires were sent in 2004 to a total of 1,875 hospitals in Japan, including all the 859 Japanese Circulation Society ...
Chicco Adam J - - 2007
The present study was conducted to determine whether the infarct sparing effect of short-term exercise is dependent on the operation of the myocardial sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel. Adult male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exercised on a motorized treadmill for 5 days. Twenty-four hours following the training or sedentary ...
Bernstein Steven L - - 2007
PURPOSE: Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an optic nerve (ON) infarct of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons, and the most common cause of ON-related sudden vision loss. Estrogen has been previously proposed as a neuroprotective treatment for central nervous system ischemia. We evaluated estrogen's potential in post-ON infarct ...
Lavie Carl J - - 2007
Although under-emphasized, substantial evidence indicates that psychological distress, especially depression, hostility, and anxiety, are risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and affect recovery following major coronary heart disease events. We review several major studies from Ochsner Medical Center demonstrating the high prevalence of psychological distress in CHD patients and ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >