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Results 301 - 350 of 877
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Preen D - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study examined whether creatine (Cr) supplementation could enhance long-term repeated-sprint exercise performance of approximately 80 min in duration. METHODS: Fourteen active, but not well-trained, male subjects initially performed 10 sets of either 5 or 6 x 6 s maximal bike sprints, with varying recoveries (24, 54, or 84 ...
Karatzaferi C - - 2001
Changes in high-energy phosphate levels in single human skeletal muscle fibres after 10 s of maximal (all-out) dynamic exercise were investigated. Muscle biopsies from vastus lateralis of two volunteers were collected at rest and immediately post exercise. Single muscle fibres were dissected from dry muscle and were assigned into one ...
Löfberg M - - 2001
We studied exercise-induced changes in the adenosine triphosphate (ATP), phosphocreatine (PCr), and lactate levels in the skeletal muscle of mitochondrial patients and patients with McArdle's disease. Needle muscle biopsy specimens for biochemical measurement were obtained before and immediately after maximal short-term bicycle exercise test from 12 patients suffering from autosomal ...
Tsuboniwa N - - 2001
We tested, in cynomolgus monkeys, the safety and effectiveness of a hybrid liposome vector, hemagglutinating virus of Japan (HVJ)--artificial viral envelope (AVE) liposomes, for human therapeutic gene transfer in a series of experiments. In a repetitive intramuscular administration study, vehicle control macaques (n = 2), which were treated with HVJ--AVE ...
Berrettini S - - 2001
Several studies have indicated that a number of different mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations may be responsible for human pathologies. Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL) may be associated with known syndromes (syndromal SNHL) or represent the only manifestation of mitochondrial damage (non-syndromal hearing loss). Moreover, mtDNA alterations may be responsible for aminoglycoside-induced ...
Onoguchi M M Department of Clinical Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Japan. - - 2001
The radioactivity in the organs adjacent to the heart causes interference with the quantitative assessment of myocardial uptake of tracer on scintigraphy. In order to investigate how much the functions of these organs affect myocardial uptake seen in imaging, we compared the myocardial uptake measured by means of a gamma ...
Tonkonogi, Michail
1. The role of phosphorylcreatine (PCr) and creatine (Cr) in the regulation of mitochondrial respiration was investigated in permeabilised fibre bundles prepared from human vastus lateralis muscle. 2. Fibre respiration was measured in the absence of ADP (V0) and after sequential additions of submaximal ADP (0.1 mm ADP, Vsubmax), PCr ...
Mueller S G - - 2001
PURPOSE: Vigabatrin (VGB) is a new antiepileptic drug that increases the human brain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level by irreversibly inhibiting GABA transaminase. Although some patients respond to VGB with a significant seizure reduction, others do not. The aim of this study was to identify possible responders before or in an ...
Sako T - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of the quantitative measurement of muscle oxidative metabolism in exercise by near-infrared continuous-wave spectroscopy (NIRcws). Twelve male subjects performed two bouts of dynamic handgrip exercise, once for the NIRcws measurement and once for the (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measurement as ...
Suminski R R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism between nine African-American and nine Caucasian men. METHODS: Subjects performed arm ergometry to exhaustion. On a separate occasion 31phosphorous-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-NMRS) was used to determine the concentrations of phosphorous (Pi), phosphocreatine (PCr), and the intracellular pH ...
Tong C K - - 2000
Spreading depression (SD) and related phenomena have been implicated in hypoxic-ischemic injury. In such settings, SD occurs in the presence of marked extracellular acidosis. SD itself can also generate changes in extracellular pH (pH(o)), including a pronounced early alkaline shift. In a hippocampal slice model, we investigated the effect of ...
Rossiter H B - - 2000
The ATP turnover rate during constant-load exercise is often estimated from the initial rate of change of phosphocreatine concentration ([PCr]) using 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). However, the phase and amplitude characteristics of the sample-to-sample fluctuations can markedly influence this estimation (as well as that for the time constant (tau) of ...
Jessop C P - - 2000
We report results of searches for charmless hadronic B meson decays to pseudoscalar( pi(+/-), K+/-, pi(0), or K(0)(S))-vector( rho, K(*), or omega) final states. By using 9.7x10(6) BB pairs collected with the CLEO detector, we report the first observation of B(-)--->pi(-)rho(0), B(0)-->pi(+/-)rho(-/+), and B(-)-->pi(-)omega, which are expected to be dominated ...
Martinelli P - - 2000
Brain and muscle energy metabolism was assessed in vivo in five patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) using phosphorous magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS). 31P MRS disclosed a reduced phosphocreatine (PCr) and an increased calculated free adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in the occipital lobes of all patients. In our patients with ...
Hsu A C - - 2000
As the end product of anaerobic metabolism and a source of H(+), lactic acid is important in metabolism and pH regulation. Several methods have been introduced to calculate changes in the lactate anion (Lac(-)) concentration in exercising skeletal muscle from information derived from the (31)P spectrum. Alternatively, Lac-may be observed ...
Butterworth E J - - 2000
31P-NMR spectroscopy has the potential to assess myocardial damage directly and noninvasively by ascertaining the relative abundances of phosphorus-containing compounds relevant to metabolism under stress conditions. Decrease in the PCr/ATP ratio during exercise is an indicator of the level of stress to which the myocardium is subject. This ratio will ...
Vorgerd M - - 2000
Friedreich ataxia occurs due to mutations in the gene encoding the mitochondrial protein frataxin. This (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study on the calf muscle of Friedreich ataxia patients provides in vivo evidence of a severe impairment of mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate resynthesis was studied by means of the post-exercise ...
Brass E P - - 2000
Carnitine is an endogenous compound with well-established roles in intermediary metabolism. An obligate for optimal mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, it is a critical source of energy and also protects the cell from acyl-CoA accretion through the generation of acylcarnitines. Carnitine homeostasis is affected by exercise in a well-defined manner because ...
Horská A - - 2000
Using (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy, creatine kinase (CK) reaction kinetics was assessed in the forearm flexor digitorum profundus muscle of healthy young (n = 11, age 34.7 +/- 5 yr) and older (n = 20, age 73.5 +/- 8 yr) subjects at rest, intermittent exercise at 20% maximum voluntary contraction ...
Rolett E L - - 2000
The relationship between cerebral interstitial oxygen tension (Pt(O(2))) and cellular energetics was investigated in mechanically ventilated, anesthetized rats during progressive acute hypoxia to determine whether there is a "critical" brain Pt(O(2)) for maintaining steady-state aerobic metabolism. Cerebral Pt(O(2)), measured by electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry, decreased proportionately to inspired oxygen fraction. ...
Verzola B - - 2000
A method is described here for studying conformational transitions of proteins due to denaturing agents: capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) in acidic, isoelectric buffers. The sample is run in 50 mM isoelectric glutamic acid (pH = pI = 3.2) added with 1 mM oligoamine (tetraethylene pentamine) for quenching protein interaction to ...
Kowalchuk J M - - 2000
The effects of acetazolamide (Acz)-induced carbonic anhydrase inhibition (CAI) on muscle intracellular thresholds (T) for intracellular pH (pH(i)) and inorganic phosphate-to-phosphate creatine ratio (P(i)/PCr) and the plasma lactate (La(-)) threshold were examined in nine adult male subjects performing forearm wrist flexion exercise to fatigue. Exercise consisted of raising and lowering ...
Kreuzer K A - - 2000
Chimeric bcr/abl fusion proteins are thought to be the molecular 'pathogen' of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). Expression levels of the respective fusion RNAs reflect disease progression as well as remission upon therapeutic intervention in CML patients. However, there is no quick and reliable method that would allow the quantitative routine ...
Kato Y Y Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Tokushima, Kuramoto, - - 2000
To investigate the effects of specific warm-up at various intensities on energy metabolism during subsequent intense exercise. specific warm-up was consisted of 3 sets of wrist flexions for 5 min, with each set followed by a 3-min rest. The intensity of specific warm-up was set at 20%, 30% or 40% ...
Pipinos I I - - 2000
Decreased oxygen supply is generally accepted as the primary cause of muscle dysfunction in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and intermittent claudication, although reported morphologic changes in the mitochondria of claudicating muscle suggest that impaired energy utilization may also play a role. With the measurement of the phosphate-rich ...
Rico-Sanz J - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine with (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy energy metabolism during repeated plantar flexion isometric exercise (Ex-1-Ex-4) at 32 +/- 1 and 79 +/- 4% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) before and during a creatine (Cr) feeding period of 5 g/day for 11 days. Eight trained ...
Gan Y - - 2000
Exercise can enhance the signal intensity (SI) of skeletal limb muscles on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose here was to evaluate the effects of repetitive maximal clenching exercises involving the mandibular elevator muscles with T2-weighted MRI. Seven normal volunteers were imaged before and immediately after performing repetitive maximal ...
Roussel M - - 2000
We have analyzed by (31)P MRS the relationship between kinetic parameters of phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery and end-of-exercise status under conditions of moderate and large acidosis induced by dynamic exercise. Thirteen healthy subjects performed muscular contractions at 0.47 Hz (low frequency, moderate exercise) and 0.85 Hz (high frequency, heavy exercise). The ...
Hanada A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate muscle metabolism and oxygen delivery to skeletal muscle in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: 13 patients with chronic heart failure and 15 controls performed calf plantar flexion for six minutes at a constant workload of 50% of one repetition maximum. During recovery from exercise, skeletal muscle ...
Tartaglia M C - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of physical deconditioning on skeletal muscle's oxidative metabolism as evaluated by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P MRS). Twenty-seven subjects without muscle disease, representing a wide range of fitness levels, were evaluated with (31)P MRS. Spectra were obtained at rest and ...
Francaux M - - 2000
31P NMR was used to assess the influence of two weeks creatine supplementation (21g x d(-1)) on resting muscle PCr concentration, on the rate of PCr repletion (R(depl)), and on the half-time of PCr repletion (t 1/2). Body mass (BM) and volume of body water compartments were also estimated by ...
Aasly J - - 2000
Phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) catalyses the transfer of the acylphosphate group of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate to ADP with formation of 3-phosphoglycerate and ATP in the terminal stage of the glycolytic pathway. Two young brothers are presented who both experienced muscle pain, cramps and stiffness shortly after beginning heavy exercise. After these episodes they ...
Wharton R Q - - 2000
We assessed whether circulating cell positivity using RT-PCR for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) cDNA was affected by venesection via a needle compared with a pre-aspirated venous cannula, and by increased PCR cycles. Systemic blood was sampled by needle and pre-aspirated cannula in 101 healthy individuals with no cancer history. After erythrocyte ...
Larson-Meyer D E - - 2000
The reliability, relation to whole-body maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), and force-level sensitivity of (31)P MRS markers of mitochondrial function were studied in 39 normal-weight women. Following 90 s isometric plantar-flexion exercises at 45, 70 and 100% of maximum voluntary contraction, skeletal muscle mitochondrial function was determined from the phosphocreatine recovery ...
Saab G - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of intense exercise on the proton transverse (T(2)) relaxation of human skeletal muscle. The flexor digitorium profundus muscles of 12 male subjects were studied by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; 6 echoes, 18-ms echo time) and in vivo magnetic resonance ...
Kreis R - - 1999
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to study effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on muscle metabolites noninvasively by means of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) before and after supplementation with Cr or placebo. METHODS: 1H-MRS was used in a comprehensive, double-blind, cross-over study in 10 volunteers to measure Cr in m. tibialis anterior ...
Petersen S R - - 1999
To test the hypothesis that glycolytic metabolism in muscle is attenuated in prepubertal children, (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to determine calf muscle intracellular pH (pH(i)) in nine prepubertal (Pre) and nine pubertal female swimmers (Pub). Maximal plantar flexion work capacity (100% MWC) was established by using a graded exercise ...
Di Marzo L L 1st Department of Surgery, University of Rome La Sapienza, - - 1999
Human and animal studies have shown that propionyl-L-carnitine, increasing carnitine content, improves the energy metabolism of ischemic skeletal muscle. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of Doppler continuous wave, Treadmill test and 31Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy in determining the efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine in patients with peripheral ...
Kreis R - - 1999
The observation of a previously unidentified peak in localized 1H magnetic resonance (MR) spectra of human muscle during and after a work load is reported. Basic NMR properties of this resonance, as well as physiologic circumstances of its observation, suggest that it is due to the acetyl group of acetylcarnitine. ...
Hellsten Y - - 1999
1. The present study examined the regulation of human skeletal muscle AMP deamination during intense exercise and quantified muscle accumulation and release of purines during and after intense exercise. 2. Seven healthy males performed knee extensor exercise at 64.3 W (range: 50-70 W) to exhaustion (234 s; 191-259 s). In ...
van Beek J H - - 1999
The classic idea about regulation of cardiac oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) was that breakdown products of ATP (ADP and P(i)) diffuse freely to the mitochondria to stimulate OxPhos. On the basis of this metabolic feedback control system, the response time of OxPhos (t(mito)) is predicted to be inversely proportional to the ...
Walter G - - 1999
1. In vivo ATP synthesis rates were measured in the human medial gastrocnemius muscle during high intensity exercise using localized 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS). Six-second localized spectra were acquired during and following a 30 s maximal voluntary rate exercise using a magnetic resonance image-guided spectral localization technique. 2. During 30 ...
Fischer S - - 1999
The H(+)-ATPases from Escherichia coli, EF(0)F(1), and from chloroplasts, CF(0)F(1), were reconstituted in liposomes from phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidic acid. The proteoliposomes were energized by an acid-base transition and a K(+)/valinomycin diffusion potential and the initial rate of ATP synthesis was measured as a function of the transmembrane pH difference, DeltapH, and the ...
Rossiter H B - - 1999
1. In the non-steady state of moderate intensity exercise, pulmonary O2 uptake (Vp,O2) is temporally dissociated from muscle O2 consumption (Vm,O2) due to the influence of the intervening venous blood volume and the contribution of body O2 stores to ATP synthesis. A monoexponential model of Vp,O2 without a delay term, ...
Janovská A - - 1999
To investigate the control of cell energetic metabolism, creatine charge, ATP/ADP ratio and oxygen consumption (as indicators of an energetic status, the balance between ATP synthesis and degradation and the aerobic ATP turnover, respectively) were evaluated in the rat gracilis muscle, perfused-superfused in vitro. During the perfusion rate of 70 ...
Vanderthommen M - - 1999
Electrical stimulation (ES) and voluntary contraction (VC) were compared in the quadriceps muscle of ten male volunteers. In both modes, a workload corresponding to 20% of maximal voluntary contraction was applied during 64 isometric contraction (5.5 s)-relaxation (5.5 s) cycles. The protocols were performed in a 1.5 T whole-body magnet. ...
Smith S A - - 1999
Five women and 3 men (29.8 +/- 1.4 yr) performed dynamic knee-extension exercise inside a magnetic resonance system (means +/- SE). Two trials were performed 7-14 days apart, consisting of a 4- to 5-min exhaustive exercise bout. To determine quadriceps cost of contraction, brief static and dynamic contractions were performed ...
Krauss S - - 1999
The lectin concanavalin A (Con A) acts as a mitogen that preferentially activates T-cells. It stimulates the energy metabolism of thymocytes within seconds of exposure. We studied short-term effects (<30 min) of Con A on a conceptually simplified model system of rat thymocyte energy metabolism in the concentration range of ...
Sala E - - 1999
Physiologic adaptations after an 8-wk endurance training program were examined in 13 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (age, 64 +/- 4 [SD] yr; FEV1, 43 +/- 9% pred; PaO2, 72 +/- 8 mm Hg; and PaCO2, 36 +/- 2 mm Hg) and in eight healthy sedentary control subjects ...
Hochachka P W - - 1999
Tissues such as skeletal and cardiac muscles must sustain very large-scale changes in ATP turnover rate during equally large changes in work. In many skeletal muscles these changes can exceed 100-fold. Examination of a number of cell and whole-organism level systems identifies ATP concentration as a key parameter of the ...
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