Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 862
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Butterworth E J - - 2000
31P-NMR spectroscopy has the potential to assess myocardial damage directly and noninvasively by ascertaining the relative abundances of phosphorus-containing compounds relevant to metabolism under stress conditions. Decrease in the PCr/ATP ratio during exercise is an indicator of the level of stress to which the myocardium is subject. This ratio will ...
Vorgerd M - - 2000
Friedreich ataxia occurs due to mutations in the gene encoding the mitochondrial protein frataxin. This (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study on the calf muscle of Friedreich ataxia patients provides in vivo evidence of a severe impairment of mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate resynthesis was studied by means of the post-exercise ...
Brass E P - - 2000
Carnitine is an endogenous compound with well-established roles in intermediary metabolism. An obligate for optimal mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, it is a critical source of energy and also protects the cell from acyl-CoA accretion through the generation of acylcarnitines. Carnitine homeostasis is affected by exercise in a well-defined manner because ...
Horská A - - 2000
Using (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy, creatine kinase (CK) reaction kinetics was assessed in the forearm flexor digitorum profundus muscle of healthy young (n = 11, age 34.7 +/- 5 yr) and older (n = 20, age 73.5 +/- 8 yr) subjects at rest, intermittent exercise at 20% maximum voluntary contraction ...
Rolett E L - - 2000
The relationship between cerebral interstitial oxygen tension (Pt(O(2))) and cellular energetics was investigated in mechanically ventilated, anesthetized rats during progressive acute hypoxia to determine whether there is a "critical" brain Pt(O(2)) for maintaining steady-state aerobic metabolism. Cerebral Pt(O(2)), measured by electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry, decreased proportionately to inspired oxygen fraction. ...
Verzola B - - 2000
A method is described here for studying conformational transitions of proteins due to denaturing agents: capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) in acidic, isoelectric buffers. The sample is run in 50 mM isoelectric glutamic acid (pH = pI = 3.2) added with 1 mM oligoamine (tetraethylene pentamine) for quenching protein interaction to ...
Kowalchuk J M - - 2000
The effects of acetazolamide (Acz)-induced carbonic anhydrase inhibition (CAI) on muscle intracellular thresholds (T) for intracellular pH (pH(i)) and inorganic phosphate-to-phosphate creatine ratio (P(i)/PCr) and the plasma lactate (La(-)) threshold were examined in nine adult male subjects performing forearm wrist flexion exercise to fatigue. Exercise consisted of raising and lowering ...
Kreuzer K A - - 2000
Chimeric bcr/abl fusion proteins are thought to be the molecular 'pathogen' of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). Expression levels of the respective fusion RNAs reflect disease progression as well as remission upon therapeutic intervention in CML patients. However, there is no quick and reliable method that would allow the quantitative routine ...
Kato Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of specific warm-up at various intensities on energy metabolism during subsequent intense exercise. METHODS: Experimental design: specific warm-up was consisted of 3 sets of wrist flexions for 5 min, with each set followed by a 3-min rest. The intensity of specific warm-up was set at ...
Pipinos I I - - 2000
Decreased oxygen supply is generally accepted as the primary cause of muscle dysfunction in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and intermittent claudication, although reported morphologic changes in the mitochondria of claudicating muscle suggest that impaired energy utilization may also play a role. With the measurement of the phosphate-rich ...
Rico-Sanz J - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine with (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy energy metabolism during repeated plantar flexion isometric exercise (Ex-1-Ex-4) at 32 +/- 1 and 79 +/- 4% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) before and during a creatine (Cr) feeding period of 5 g/day for 11 days. Eight trained ...
Gan Y - - 2000
Exercise can enhance the signal intensity (SI) of skeletal limb muscles on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose here was to evaluate the effects of repetitive maximal clenching exercises involving the mandibular elevator muscles with T2-weighted MRI. Seven normal volunteers were imaged before and immediately after performing repetitive maximal ...
Roussel M - - 2000
We have analyzed by (31)P MRS the relationship between kinetic parameters of phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery and end-of-exercise status under conditions of moderate and large acidosis induced by dynamic exercise. Thirteen healthy subjects performed muscular contractions at 0.47 Hz (low frequency, moderate exercise) and 0.85 Hz (high frequency, heavy exercise). The ...
Hanada A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate muscle metabolism and oxygen delivery to skeletal muscle in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: 13 patients with chronic heart failure and 15 controls performed calf plantar flexion for six minutes at a constant workload of 50% of one repetition maximum. During recovery from exercise, skeletal muscle ...
Tartaglia M C - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of physical deconditioning on skeletal muscle's oxidative metabolism as evaluated by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P MRS). Twenty-seven subjects without muscle disease, representing a wide range of fitness levels, were evaluated with (31)P MRS. Spectra were obtained at rest and ...
Francaux M - - 2000
31P NMR was used to assess the influence of two weeks creatine supplementation (21g x d(-1)) on resting muscle PCr concentration, on the rate of PCr repletion (R(depl)), and on the half-time of PCr repletion (t 1/2). Body mass (BM) and volume of body water compartments were also estimated by ...
Aasly J - - 2000
Phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) catalyses the transfer of the acylphosphate group of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate to ADP with formation of 3-phosphoglycerate and ATP in the terminal stage of the glycolytic pathway. Two young brothers are presented who both experienced muscle pain, cramps and stiffness shortly after beginning heavy exercise. After these episodes they ...
Wharton R Q - - 2000
We assessed whether circulating cell positivity using RT-PCR for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) cDNA was affected by venesection via a needle compared with a pre-aspirated venous cannula, and by increased PCR cycles. Systemic blood was sampled by needle and pre-aspirated cannula in 101 healthy individuals with no cancer history. After erythrocyte ...
Larson-Meyer D E - - 2000
The reliability, relation to whole-body maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), and force-level sensitivity of (31)P MRS markers of mitochondrial function were studied in 39 normal-weight women. Following 90 s isometric plantar-flexion exercises at 45, 70 and 100% of maximum voluntary contraction, skeletal muscle mitochondrial function was determined from the phosphocreatine recovery ...
Saab G - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of intense exercise on the proton transverse (T(2)) relaxation of human skeletal muscle. The flexor digitorium profundus muscles of 12 male subjects were studied by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; 6 echoes, 18-ms echo time) and in vivo magnetic resonance ...
Di Marzo L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Human and animal studies have shown that propionyl-L-carnitine, increasing carnitine content, improves the energy metabolism of ischemic skeletal muscle. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of Doppler continuous wave, Treadmill test and 31Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy in determining the efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine in patients with ...
Kreis R - - 1999
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to study effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on muscle metabolites noninvasively by means of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) before and after supplementation with Cr or placebo. METHODS: 1H-MRS was used in a comprehensive, double-blind, cross-over study in 10 volunteers to measure Cr in m. tibialis anterior ...
Petersen S R - - 1999
To test the hypothesis that glycolytic metabolism in muscle is attenuated in prepubertal children, (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to determine calf muscle intracellular pH (pH(i)) in nine prepubertal (Pre) and nine pubertal female swimmers (Pub). Maximal plantar flexion work capacity (100% MWC) was established by using a graded exercise ...
Kreis R - - 1999
The observation of a previously unidentified peak in localized 1H magnetic resonance (MR) spectra of human muscle during and after a work load is reported. Basic NMR properties of this resonance, as well as physiologic circumstances of its observation, suggest that it is due to the acetyl group of acetylcarnitine. ...
Hellsten Y - - 1999
1. The present study examined the regulation of human skeletal muscle AMP deamination during intense exercise and quantified muscle accumulation and release of purines during and after intense exercise. 2. Seven healthy males performed knee extensor exercise at 64.3 W (range: 50-70 W) to exhaustion (234 s; 191-259 s). In ...
van Beek J H - - 1999
The classic idea about regulation of cardiac oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) was that breakdown products of ATP (ADP and P(i)) diffuse freely to the mitochondria to stimulate OxPhos. On the basis of this metabolic feedback control system, the response time of OxPhos (t(mito)) is predicted to be inversely proportional to the ...
Walter G - - 1999
1. In vivo ATP synthesis rates were measured in the human medial gastrocnemius muscle during high intensity exercise using localized 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS). Six-second localized spectra were acquired during and following a 30 s maximal voluntary rate exercise using a magnetic resonance image-guided spectral localization technique. 2. During 30 ...
Fischer S - - 1999
The H(+)-ATPases from Escherichia coli, EF(0)F(1), and from chloroplasts, CF(0)F(1), were reconstituted in liposomes from phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidic acid. The proteoliposomes were energized by an acid-base transition and a K(+)/valinomycin diffusion potential and the initial rate of ATP synthesis was measured as a function of the transmembrane pH difference, DeltapH, and the ...
Rossiter H B - - 1999
1. In the non-steady state of moderate intensity exercise, pulmonary O2 uptake (Vp,O2) is temporally dissociated from muscle O2 consumption (Vm,O2) due to the influence of the intervening venous blood volume and the contribution of body O2 stores to ATP synthesis. A monoexponential model of Vp,O2 without a delay term, ...
Janovská A - - 1999
To investigate the control of cell energetic metabolism, creatine charge, ATP/ADP ratio and oxygen consumption (as indicators of an energetic status, the balance between ATP synthesis and degradation and the aerobic ATP turnover, respectively) were evaluated in the rat gracilis muscle, perfused-superfused in vitro. During the perfusion rate of 70 ...
Vanderthommen M - - 1999
Electrical stimulation (ES) and voluntary contraction (VC) were compared in the quadriceps muscle of ten male volunteers. In both modes, a workload corresponding to 20% of maximal voluntary contraction was applied during 64 isometric contraction (5.5 s)-relaxation (5.5 s) cycles. The protocols were performed in a 1.5 T whole-body magnet. ...
Smith S A - - 1999
Five women and 3 men (29.8 +/- 1.4 yr) performed dynamic knee-extension exercise inside a magnetic resonance system (means +/- SE). Two trials were performed 7-14 days apart, consisting of a 4- to 5-min exhaustive exercise bout. To determine quadriceps cost of contraction, brief static and dynamic contractions were performed ...
Krauss S - - 1999
The lectin concanavalin A (Con A) acts as a mitogen that preferentially activates T-cells. It stimulates the energy metabolism of thymocytes within seconds of exposure. We studied short-term effects (<30 min) of Con A on a conceptually simplified model system of rat thymocyte energy metabolism in the concentration range of ...
Sala E - - 1999
Physiologic adaptations after an 8-wk endurance training program were examined in 13 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (age, 64 +/- 4 [SD] yr; FEV1, 43 +/- 9% pred; PaO2, 72 +/- 8 mm Hg; and PaCO2, 36 +/- 2 mm Hg) and in eight healthy sedentary control subjects ...
Hochachka P W - - 1999
Tissues such as skeletal and cardiac muscles must sustain very large-scale changes in ATP turnover rate during equally large changes in work. In many skeletal muscles these changes can exceed 100-fold. Examination of a number of cell and whole-organism level systems identifies ATP concentration as a key parameter of the ...
Boska M D - - 1999
Methods for measuring mitochondrial activity from 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy data collected during and after exercise were compared in controls, weight lifters, and peripheral vascular occlusive disease (PVOD) patients. There were trends toward increasing mitochondrial activity during exercise in order from PVOD patients, moderately active controls, highly active controls, to ...
Haseler L J - - 1999
In skeletal muscle, phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery from submaximal exercise has become a reliable and accepted measure of muscle oxidative capacity. During exercise, O2 availability plays a role in determining maximal oxidative metabolism, but the relationship between O2 availability and oxidative metabolism measured by 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) during recovery from ...
Kreis R - - 1999
1H MR spectra of human muscles were recorded before, during, and after fatiguing exercise. In contrast to expectations, it was found that the spectral contributions of creatine/phosphocreatine (Cr/PCr) were subject to change as a function of exercise. In particular, the dipolar-coupled methylene protons of Cr/PCr were found to be reduced ...
Newcomer B R - - 1999
This study has measured the apparent 31P T1 times at 1.5 T in human gastrocnemius/soleus muscle groups at rest, during exercise, and during recovery from a 90-sec submaximal plantar flexion exercise. T1 times were measured with a 10-sec time resolution in 11 normally active volunteers using a surface coil with ...
Tonkonogi M - - 1999
The hypothesis that high-intensity (HI) intermittent exercise impairs mitochondrial function was investigated with different microtechniques in human muscle samples. Ten male students performed three bouts of cycling at 130% of peak O2 consumption (V.O2,peak). Muscle biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle at rest, at fatigue and after 110 ...
Starritt E C - - 1999
Seven untrained volunteers [3 men, 4 women, 20.1 +/- 2.0 (SD) yr, 66. 0 +/- 11.0 kg, 171 +/- 13 cm] participated in a 10-day cycle exercise training program. Resting muscle samples were obtained from vastus lateralis before and after 5 and 10 days of training. Mitochondrial ATP production rate ...
Whipp B J - - 1999
Our understanding of O2 uptake (VO2) control mechanisms during exercise may be improved by the simultaneous determination of the kinetics of intramuscular high-energy phosphate turnover and pulmonary VO2. We therefore developed a technique for remote gas-exchange analysis while subjects exercised in a whole body 1.5-T NMR system. Knee-extension exercise was ...
Miki N - - 1999
We studied the effects of denervation on the energy metabolism and peripheral circulation dynamics of rat hindlimb muscles during and after exercise. The sciatic nerves of male Wistar rats were cut to produce denervation. Energy metabolism was assessed by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), and circulation by fluorine-19 MRS. Exercise ...
Zeyner A - - 1999
L-carnitine, a betaine derivative of beta-hydroxybutyrate, is found in virtually all cells of higher animals and also in some microorganisms and plants. In animals it is synthesized almost exclusively in the liver. Two essential amino acids, i.e., lysine and methionine serve as primary substrates for its biosynthesis. Also required for ...
Metcalfe P - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) is widely used for the determination of the alleles encoding the human platelet antigens (HPA)-1 to 5. In order to evaluate and improve performance with this technique, four exercises were organised during 1996-1998. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coded DNA samples ...
Müller C - - 1998
Preservation time of explanted hearts is short. Cardiac function after transplantation declines dramatically in hearts that have been preserved for more than 4 to 6 hours. This has been linked to a critical decrease in high energy phosphates (HEP) after explantation. Ribose has previously been shown to stimulate HEP synthesis ...
Boushel R - - 1998
The rate of metabolism in forearm flexor muscles (MO2) was derived from near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS-O2) during ischaemia at rest rhythmic handgrip at 15% and 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), post-exercise muscle ischaemia (PEMI), and recovery in seven subjects. The MO2 was compared with forearm oxygen uptake (VO2) [flow x ...
Bakare S - - 1998
The pH values of both cooked and uncooked ogi and koko samples were determined and the survival rate of four diarrhoeagenic agents, enteroinvasive Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Shigella flexneri, and Vibrio cholerae were studied after they were seeded into cooked ogi and koko. Analysis of the pH of the cooked ...
Rico-Sanz J - - 1998
The purpose of the present study was to examine aerobic and muscle anaerobic energy production during supramaximal repeated exercise. Eight subjects performed three 2-min bouts of cycling (EX1-EX3) at an intensity corresponding to about 125 % of VO2 max separated by 15 min of rest. Ventilatory variables were measured breath ...
Boushel R - - 1998
The relative importance of pH, diprotonated phosphate (H2PO4-) and potassium (K+) for the reflex increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) during exercise was evaluated in seven subjects during rhythmic handgrip at 15 and 30% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), followed by post-exercise muscle ischaemia (PEMI). During 15% MVC, MAP rose from ...
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