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Evaristo Karen B - - 2014
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by reversible obstruction, inflammation and hyperresponsiveness to different stimulus. Aerobic and breathing exercises have been demonstrated to benefit asthmatic patients; however, there is no evidence comparing the effectiveness of these treatments.Methods/design: This is a prospective, comparative, blinded, and randomized clinical trial with ...
Elliott Jonathan E JE Department of Human Physiology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, - - 2014
Blood flow through intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses (IPAVA) is known to increase in healthy humans during exercise breathing room air, but is prevented or significantly reduced during exercise breathing 100% O2, potentially due to vasoconstriction of IPAVA. Thus, pharmacologic interventions that target known pathways regulating the cardiopulmonary circulation may be able ...
Solga Steven F SF Solga Gastroenterology, Bethlehem, PA, USA. St. Luke's University Hospital/Temple School of Medicine, Bethlehem, PA, USA. School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Breath ammonia has proven to be a difficult compound to measure accurately. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects that the physiological intervention, exercise, had on the levels of breath ammonia. The effects of vigorous exercise (4000 m indoor row) in 13 participants were studied and increases in ...
Schoenfeld Brad J BJ a Department of Health Sciences , CUNY Lehman College , Bronx , NY , - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to compare core muscle activation of the tradition prone plank with a modified version performed with a long-lever and posterior-tilt using surface electromyography. To further determine if a specific component of this modified plank was more effective than the other in enhancing muscle activity, ...
Molsberger Friedrich F Medical practice, Berlin, Germany; German Acupuncture Research Group, Duesseldorf, Germany; Hochschule für Gesundheit und Sport, Technik und Kunst, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The case study reports on the effect of pharmacological, complementary, and alternative medicine including acupuncture, Applied Kinesiology, and respiratory exercises in a boy with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on methylphenidate. A nine-year-old male patient was referred to treatment with a three-year diagnosis of ADHD, sleeping troubles, and dissatisfaction with methylphenidate. ...
Nair Sanjeev U SU Division of Cardiology, Lehigh Valley Health Network/University of South Florida College of Medicine, 1250 S Cedar Crest Blvd, Suite 300, Allentown, PA, 18103, USA, - - 2014
In patients with functional limitations, the use of adjunctive exercise with vasodilator stress has advantages over vasodilator stress alone in single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for technical reasons and with regards to more effective cardiac risk stratification. Whether patients who undergo vasodilator with adjunctive exercise stress ...
Bos Inge I Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1st floor, U-residence, Generaal Jacqueslaan 271, 1050, Brussels, - - 2014
This review introduces an emerging research field that is focused on studying the effect of exposure to air pollution during exercise on cognition, with specific attention to the impact on concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory markers. It has been repeatedly demonstrated that regular physical activity enhances cognition, ...
Gerber Markus M a Department of Sport, Exercise and Health , University of Basel , Basel , - - 2014
Abstract Stress exposure may undermine exercisers' capability to self-regulate their exercise behaviour. This longitudinal study examined the interplay between perceived stress, exercise self-regulation (assessment of action and coping planning) and participation in vigorous exercise in vocational students. Moreover, this study examined whether high exercise self-regulation moderates the assumed negative relationship ...
Miller Todd D TD Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Gonda 6, 200 First Street, Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress testing remains the cornerstone for noninvasive assessment of patients with possible or known coronary artery disease (CAD). The most important application of stress testing is risk stratification. Most patients who present for evaluation of stable CAD are categorized as low risk by stress testing. These low-risk patients have favorable ...
Tamura Yuki Y The University of - - 2014
A recent study demonstrated that heat stress induces mitochondrial biogenesis in C2C12 myotubes, thereby implying that heat stress may be an effective treatment to enhance endurance training-induced mitochondrial adaptations in skeletal muscle. However, whether heat stress actually induces mitochondrial adaptations in skeletal muscle in vivo is unclear. We herein report ...
Pearson James J Cardiff Metropolitan - - 2014
Passive heat stress increases core and skin temperatures and reduces tolerance to simulated hemorrhage (lower body negative pressure; LBNP). We tested whether exercise induced heat stress reduces LBNP tolerance to a greater extent relative to passive heat stress, when skin and core temperatures are similar. Eight participants (6 males, 32±7 ...
Roemmich James N JN 1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 2USDA, ARS, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Center, Grand Forks, ND, 58202, USA 3Departments of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York - - 2014
Psychological stress reactivity is associated with atherogenesis in youth. The novel hypothesis is that stress promotes atherogenic behaviors including snacking on energy dense foods and reduced physical activity; and it increases adiposity. Stress also increases systolic blood pressure cardiovascular reactivity, which may also be atherogenic. Exercise dampens stress reactivity and ...
Kye Su Yeon SY Cancer Information and Education Branch, National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of - - 2014
Happiness has been associated with a range of favorable health outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between happiness and health behaviors, stress, and environmental aspects of exercise in a Korean national representative sample. This cross-sectional study was conducted using multiple-stratified random sampling on the Korea ...
Meijer Johanna H JH Laboratory for Neurophysiology, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Einthovenweg 20, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands - - 2014
The importance of exercise for health and neurogenesis is becoming increasingly clear. Wheel running is often used in the laboratory for triggering enhanced activity levels, despite the common objection that this behaviour is an artefact of captivity and merely signifies neurosis or stereotypy. If wheel running is indeed caused by ...
Kakamu Takeyasu T Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Fukushima Medical University School of - - 2014
Objective: To examine the factors related to fatigue accumulation by irregular shift workers after the late-night shift. Method: We studied employees of a company in the transportation industry in Fukushima prefecture. The company transports passengers, and many employees, including the crew, engage in irregular shift work. We performed the investigation ...
Wang Dongmei D College of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Research Institute of Sports Medicine, Taishan Medical University, Tai'an, Shandong 271016, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) reduces oxidative stress by facilitating the influx of protons into mitochondrial matrix, thus dissociating mitochondrial oxidation from ATP synthesis. UCP2 is expressed abundantly in brain areas and plays a key role in the neuroprotection. Here, we sought to determine if UCP2 deficiency produces cognitive impairment and ...
Corbett Jo J Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Spinnaker Building, Cambridge Road, Portsmouth, PO1 2ER, UK, - - 2014
Chronic exposure to a stressor elicits adaptations enhancing the tolerance to that stressor. These adaptive responses might also improve tolerance under less stressful conditions. For example, historically there has been much interest in the adaptive responses to high-altitude, or hypoxia, and their ergogenic potential under sea-level, or normoxic, conditions. In ...
Noble E G EG School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
Recently, there has been considerable interest in the use of blood-flow-restricted (BFR) low-load resistance exercise to induce muscle hypertrophy. This training method is purported to initiate muscle growth in the absence of the muscle damage and stress which normally accompanies traditional high-load, high intensity resistance exercise (Takarada et al. 2000) As ...
Bao Tian-Hao TH Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, 650031, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an insult to the brain that results in impairments of cognitive and physical functioning. Both of human research and animal studies demonstrate that spontaneous exercise can facilitate neuronal plasticity and improve cognitive function in normal or TBI rodent models. However, the possible mechanisms underlying are ...
Popov Daniil V DV Laboratory of exercise physiology, Institute of Biomedical problems of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, - - 2014
Introduction: We investigated the effect of resistance exercise intensity and exercise-induced metabolic stress on the activation of anabolic signaling and expression of myogenic genes in skeletal muscle. Methods: 10 strength-trained athletes performed high-intensity [HI, 74% of 1 repetition maximum (RM)], middle-intensity (MI, 54% 1RM), or middle-intensity (54% 1RM) no-relaxation exercise ...
Jacobsen Paul B PB Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, - - 2014
Studies show that engaging patients in exercise and/or stress management techniques during hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) improves quality of life. The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network tested the efficacy of training patients to engage in self-directed exercise and stress management during their HCTs. The study randomized 711 patients ...
Smith Carine C Department of Physiological Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South - - 2014
Very little data are available on the physical requirements for drumming and the potential health benefits of particularly djembe drumming. We hypothesized that djembe drumming constitutes low-to-moderate intensity exercise, and that drumming would simultaneously reduce stress and anxiety levels and benefit cardiovascular health. Two study populations, middle-aged experienced drummers and ...
Jeong Hye Im HI Department of Physical Education, Graduate School, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, - - 2014
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients show learning difficulty and impulsiveness. Exercise is known to improve learning ability and memory function. In the present study, we investigated the duration-dependence of the effect of treadmill exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in ADHD rats. For this ...
Heo Yu-Mi YM Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease and this disease induces progressive loss of memory function Scopolamine is a non-selective muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist and it induces impairment of learning ability. Exercise is known to ameliorate memory deficits induced by various brain diseases. In the present study, we investigated ...
Al-Zaiti Salah S SS Salah S. Al-Zaiti, PhD, RN, CRNP Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mary G. Carey, PhD, RN, CNS, FAHA Associate Director, Clinical Nursing Research Center, Strong Memorial Hospital, and Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Rochester Medical Center, New - - 2014
Firefighters have twice as many cardiovascular deaths as police officers and 4 times as many as emergency medical responders. The etiology for this high rate of mortality remains unknown. The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a widely used tool to screen populations at risk, yet there are no available on-duty, high-resolution ECG ...
Di Loreto Silvia S Institute of Translational Pharmacology (IFT), National Research Council (CNR), Via Giosuè Carducci, 32 - Rotilio Center, L'Aquila (AQ), - - 2014
Although the beneficial responses induced in the central nervous system by early-initiated exercise have been broadly investigated, the effects of a chronic and moderate lately-initiated exercise on biochemical hallmarks of very early brain senescence have not been extensively studied. We previously reported that a midlife-initiated regimen of moderate running was ...
Barbieri Andrea A Department of Cardiology, Policlinico Hospital, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, - - 2014
a negative peak supine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) was shown to have a long-term favourable prognostic value. Data on the long-term prognosis of ischaemic electrocardiographic (ISECG) changes in the setting of a negative peak supine bicycle ESE are lacking. we evaluated the prognostic value of negative peak supine bicycle ...
Baar Keith K Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, University of California Davis, 174 Briggs Hall, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA, - - 2014
Maximizing metabolic stress at a given level of mechanical stress can improve the adaptive response to endurance training, decrease injury, and potentially improve performance. Calcium and metabolic stress, in the form of heat, decreases in the adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate ratio, glycogen depletion, caloric restriction, and oxidative stress, are the primary ...
Prinsloo Gabriell E GE MRC/UCT Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2014
Context:An important component of the effective management of chronic noncommunicable disease is the assessment and management of psychosocial stress. The measurement and modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) may be valuable in this regard.Objective:To describe the measurement and physiological control of HRV; to describe the impact of psychosocial stress on ...
Cumming K T KT Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Performance, Oslo, - - 2014
Heat shock proteins (HSP) are important chaperones for stressed and damaged proteins. Low-load blood flow restricted resistance exercise (BFRE) is generally believed not to induce significant muscle damage; but is hitherto unverified with intracellular markers. Consequently, the aim of this study was to investigate the HSP response after BFRE in ...
Patki Gaurav G Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Houston, TX, - - 2014
Social defeat (SD) induced stress causes physiological and behavioral deficits in rodents, including depression and anxiety-like behaviors, as well as memory impairment. Anxiolytic and mood elevating effects of physical exercise are also known. However, rescue effect of physical exercise in social defeat-induced anxiety, depression or memory impairment has not been ...
Puett Robin R Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, University of Maryland, College Park, - - 2014
The importance of physical activity for health is well-established. Questions remain whether outdoor exercise additionally benefits overall mental and physical well-being. Using cross-sectional data from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, we examined relationships of physical activity environment (PAE) with reported tension, stress, emotional outlook, and health. 11,649 participants were included. ...
Scott Adam C AC Department of Cardiology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
National guidelines for management of intermediate risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome, in whom AMI has been excluded, advocate provocative testing to final risk stratify these patients into low risk (negative testing) or high risk (positive testing suggestive of unstable angina). Adults less than 40 years have a low ...
Bayod S S Unitat de Farmacologia i Farmacognosia, Facultat de Farmacia, Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
The autophagic process is a lysosomal degradation pathway, which is activated during stress conditions, such as starvation or exercise. Regular exercise has beneficial effects on human health, including neuroprotection. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying these effects are incompletely understood. Endurance and a single bout of exercise induce autophagy not only ...
Jin Jun-Jang JJ Department of Physiology, College of Medicine Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea ; Department of Exercise Physiology & Prescription, Graduate School of Health Promotion, Hanseo University, Seosan, - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis is one of the autoimmune diseases in the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis occurs through multiple mechanisms, and it is also mediated in part by an apoptotic mechanism. Swimming exercise has been recommended for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. In the present study, we investigated the ...
Sim Young-Je YJ Department of Physical Education, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. This disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disorder accompanied with severe learning and memory impairment. Exercise increases cognitive ability, attenuates motor deficits, increases new neuron formation, and ameliorates neurological impairments in several neurodegenerative diseases. This study investigated the effects of ...
Powers Christopher M CM Associate Professor and Co-Director, Jacquelin Perry Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Study Design Single-group, repeated-measures design. Objective To compare patellofemoral joint (PFJ) stress among weight bearing and non-weight bearing quadriceps exercises. Background An important consideration in prescribing exercises to strengthen the quadriceps in persons with patellofemoral pain is to minimize PFJ loading. Currently there is disagreement in the literature as to ...
Goadsby Peter J PJ From the Headache Group, NIHR-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, King's College London, UK; and Department of Neurology, University of California, San - - 2014
This could be a statement about clinical practice, particularly completion of documentation; politics; modern life; or here, the pathophysiology of migraine. Only last year, Neurology® published a very challenging study demonstrating that alleged migraine triggers-flickering lights and strenuous exercise-were only about 10% likely to precipitate migraine in apparently susceptible individuals.(1) ...
Patki Gaurav G Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition which can develop from exposure to a severe traumatic event such as those occurring during wars or natural disasters. Benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered the gold standard for PTSD treatment, but their side effects pose a serious problem. While ...
Szijgyarto Ingrid C IC School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, - - 2014
Exercise elevates conduit artery shear stress and stimulates flow-mediated dilation (FMD). However, little is known regarding the impact of acute psychological and physical stress on this response. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST (speech and arithmetic tasks)) and a ...
Li Jia-Yi - - 2014
Involuntary exercising rats undergo more physical and mental stress than voluntary exercising rats; however these findings still lack electrophysiological evidence. Many studies have reported that theta rhythm appears when there is mental stress and that it is affected by emotional status. Thus, we hypothesized that the differences between voluntary and ...
Hong Heeok H Department of Medical Science, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 143‑701, Republic of - - 2014
Immediate‑early genes are involved in acute stress responses in the central nervous system. β‑glucan stimulates innate immune defenses, exerts an anti‑tumor response and increases resistance to a wide variety of types of infection. To date, the effect of β‑glucan on the expression of immediate‑early genes under stressful conditions has not ...
Hochgruber Thomas T Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Basel, - - 2014
The impact of different forms of cardiac stress testing (exercise versus pharmacological stress testing) on cardiac wall stress and myocardial ischemia is incompletely understood. In a prospective study, 331 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for nuclear perfusion imaging were enrolled: 266 underwent exercise (bicycle) stress testing and 65 ...
Sales Allan Robson Kluser AR Fluminense Federal - - 2014
Mental stress induces transient endothelial dysfunction, which is an important finding for subjects at cardiometabolic risk. Thus, we tested whether aerobic exercise prevents this dysfunction among subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and whether an increase in shear rate (SR) during exercise plays a role in this phenomenon. Subjects with MetS ...
Hooper Philip L PL Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA, - - 2014
Organisms have evolved to survive rigorous environments and are not prepared to thrive in a world of caloric excess and sedentary behavior. A realization that physical exercise (or lack of it) plays a pivotal role in both the pathogenesis and therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM) has led to ...
Lawson Eric C EC Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, and Rehab R&D Center, Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia - - 2014
Aerobic exercise is a common intervention for rehabilitation of motor, and more recently, cognitive function (Intlekofer and Cotman, 2013; Wood et al., 2012). While the underlying mechanisms are complex, BDNF may mediate much of the beneficial effects of exercise to these neurons (Ploughman et al., 2007; Griffin et al., 2011; ...
Zheng Shuai S School of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress is a major problem in today's fast-paced society and can lead to serious psychosomatic complications. The ancient Chinese mind-body exercise of Tai Chi may provide an alternative and self-sustaining option to pharmaceutical medication for stressed individuals to improve their coping mechanisms. The protocol of this study is designed to ...
Revilla Susana S Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques de Barcelona (IIBB), CSIC, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, - - 2014
Physical exercise has become a potentially beneficial therapy for reducing neurodegeneration symptoms in Alzheimer's disease. Previous studies have shown that cognitive deterioration, anxiety and the startle response observed in 7-month-old 3xTg-AD mice were ameliorated after 6 months of free access to a running wheel. Also, alterations in synaptic response to ...
Grégoire Catherine-Alexandra CA Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Groupe de recherche sur le système nerveux central (GRSNC), and Center of Excellence in Neuroscience of the Université de Montréal (CENUM), Université de Montréal, Montréal, - - 2014
Environmental enrichment (EE) exerts powerful effects on brain physiology, and is widely used as an experimental and therapeutic tool. Typical EE paradigms are multifactorial, incorporating elements of physical exercise, environmental complexity, social interactions and stress, however the specific contributions of these variables have not been separable using conventional housing paradigms. ...
Wang Chong-Wen - - 2014
An increasing number of studies have documented the effectiveness of qigong exercise in helping people reduce psychological stress and anxiety, but there is a scarcity of systematic reviews evaluating evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted among healthy subjects. Thirteen databases were searched for RCTs from their inception through June ...
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