Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 623
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Miri Maryamosadat - - 2014
Weight gain and fat accumulation are predisposing factors of PCOS. Life-style modification, including increasing physical activity, is the first line approach in managing PCOS. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of exercise intensity on weight changes, androstenedione and free testosterone level in female rats with estradiol ...
Kim Hye-Jin HJ Division of Sports and Well-Being, College of Sports and Arts, Hanyang University, Hanyang, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine possible effects of 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program(PPEP) for the fruit farmers(grape, tomato, apple) with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) on body stability and pain. 131 fruit farmers with MSD were selected and asked to join a 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program (PPEP) from ...
Scalzo Rebecca L RL *Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, - - 2014
Improved endurance exercise performance in adult humans after sprint interval training (SIT) has been attributed to mitochondrial biogenesis. However, muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and mitochondrial biogenesis during SIT have not been measured, nor have sex-specific differences. We hypothesized that males and females would have similar rates of MPS, mitochondrial biogenesis, ...
Dowd A Justine AJ School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The objective of the studies presented in this paper was to examine whether the need to belong can be used to enhance exercise cognitions and behavior. Two studies examined the effectiveness of framing exercise as a means of boosting social skills (versus health benefits) for self-regulatory efficacy, exercise intentions, and ...
Pila Eva E Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
These three studies sought to better understand experiences of body-related envy and to examine the association with motivation and exercise behavior in young adult males and females. In an interview study, participants (N = 11) discussed body-related envy within a framework of social comparison. In Study 2, a thematic content ...
Sgrò P P Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Piazza Lauro de Bosis, 15, 00135, Rome, - - 2014
Few and conflicting data on the acute adaptive role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis to sub-maximal endurance exercise exist. To investigate the acute HPT axis responses to standardized endurance exercises in a laboratory setting and the correlations between testosterone and classic adaptive hormones variations. 12 healthy male volunteers were recruited ...
Mariotti R R Prof. Carlo Zancanaro, DSNNMM, Sezione di Anatomia e Istologia; Strada Le Grazie 8, I-37134 Verona, Italy. Tel. +39 045 8027155; Fax. +39 045 8027163, E-mail address: - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the effect of mild forced physical training on cerebral blood volume (CBV) and other brain parameters in old mice. Setting: Treadmill in the animal house. Participants: Thirty old (>25 mo) male mice were randomly assigned to one of three groups, exercise (E), exercise plus testosterone (T) (ET), ...
Wegner Mirko M Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Little is known about the influence of different stressors on fine motor skills, the concentration of testosterone (T), and their interaction in adolescents. Therefore, 62 high school students aged 14-15 years were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (exercise, psychosocial stress) and a control group. Exercise stress was induced at ...
Strohacker Kelley - - 2013
The effectiveness of reinforcing exercise behavior with material incentives is unclear. This study aims to conduct a systematic review of existing research on material incentives for exercise, organized by incentive strategy. Ten studies conducted between January 1965 and June 2013 assessed the impact of incentivizing exercise compared to a non-incentivized ...
Burke Tricia J - - 2013
This study examined the association between diet- and exercise-related social influence and support among romantic partners, as well as whether these variables were associated with their health behaviors. An Actor-Partner Mediator Model was used to examine these associations at the couple level (n = 192). Results indicated that individuals who felt their ...
Mueller Sandro Manuel - - 2013
It is a widely accepted premise in the scientific community and by athletes alike, that adding resistance exercise to a regular regimen of endurance training increases endurance performance in endurance-trained men. However, critical power (CP), capillarization, and myofiber size remain unaffected by this addition. Therefore, we tested whether the superimposition ...
Jessop Donna C - - 2013
There is limited evidence that self-affirmation manipulations can promote health behavior change. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the efficacy of a self-affirmation manipulation at promoting exercise could be enhanced by an implementation intention intervention. Participants (Study 1 N = 120, Study 2 N = 116) were allocated to one of four conditions ...
Huppertz Charlotte - - 2013
Social cognitive models of health behavior propose that individual differences in leisure time exercise behavior are influenced by the attitudes towards exercise. At the same time, large scale twin-family studies show a significant influence of genetic factors on regular exercise behavior. This twin-sibling study aimed to unite these findings by ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan - - 2013
Habit formation has been proposed as a way to maintain behaviour over time. Recent evidence suggests that constructs additional to repeated performance may predict physical automaticity, but no research has yet explored possible direct impacts of intention, planning, affect, and perceived behavioural control (PBC) on automaticity. In a prospective study ...
D'Ascenzi Flavio - - 2013
Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that fat-free mass (FFM) is an important determinant of left ventricular mass (LVM) in athletes. However, cross-sectional investigations have not the ability to detect the dynamic adaptation occurring with training. We hypothesized that LVM adapts concurrently with the increase of FFM induced by exercise conditioning. ...
Jackson G - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and vascular disease, in particular coronary artery disease (CAD), have the common denominator of endothelial dysfunction. ED frequently precedes a CAD event by between 2 and 5 years (average 3 years). ED also predicts an acute coronary syndrome as well as increased mortality, suggesting the rupture of an asymptomatic ...
Efthimiadis-Keith Helen - - 2013
This study is set out to examine the subjective experience of using the Ignatian method of meditation to reflect on and pray through Ruth 2. A group of male and female Theology students from the University of KwaZulu-Natal were invited to reflect upon/pray through Ruth 2 using Ignatian meditation. Following ...
Ohmura Hajime - - 2013
Training of young Thoroughbred horses must balance development of cardiopulmonary function and aerobic capacity with loading of the musculoskeletal system that can potentially cause structural damage and/or lameness. High-speed equine treadmills are sometimes used to supplement exercise on a track in the training of young Thoroughbreds because the horse can ...
Ferrari Rodrigo - - 2013
This study compared the effects of different weekly training frequencies on the cardiovascular and neuromuscular adaptations induced by concurrent training in previously trained elderly. After 20 weeks of combined strength and endurance training, twenty-four healthy elderly men (65±4 years) were randomly placed into two frequency training groups: strength and endurance ...
Yin M M - - 2013
Both epidemiologic and laboratory studies suggest that parents can shape their offspring's development. Recently, it has been shown that maternal exercise during pregnancy benefits the progeny's brain function. However, little is known regarding the influence of paternal exercise on their offspring's phenotype. In this study we attempt to determine the ...
Eynan Mirit - - 2013
We have previously determined the thresholds for CO2 detection (conscious recognition of elevated CO2) and retention in male divers, beyond which a diving candidate should not continue his diving activity due to an increased risk of CNS oxygen toxicity. The purpose of the present study was to establish whether there ...
Taipale Ritva S - - 2013
Supervised periodized mixed maximal and explosive strength training added to endurance training in recreational endurance runners was examined over an 8-week intervention preceded by an 8-week preparatory strength training period. Thirty-four subjects (21-45 years) were divided into experimental groups: men (M, n = 9), women (W, 9) and control groups: ...
Yilmaz Dilek Cicek - - 2013
Background & objectives: Intensive regular physical exercise training is associated with a physiological changes in left ventricular (LV) morphology and functions. This cardiac remodeling observed in the athletes is associated with the specific haemodynamic requirements of the exercise undertaken. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect ...
Guy Joshua H - - 2013
This study investigated whether the addition of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to an existing programme of pre-season soccer training would augment performance indices such as exercise tolerance and sports-specific performance beyond the use of pre-season training alone. Thirty one adult males were randomised across three groups: experimental (EXP: n=12), placebo ...
Kapinos Kandice A - - 2013
This study utilizes a natural experiment-conditionally random dormitory assignments of first-year US college students-to investigate the influence of obesogenic environmental factors in explaining changes in weight and exercise behavior during the 2009-2010 academic year. The design addresses potential selection biases resulting from the likelihood that individuals sort into built environments ...
Khoo Joan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and inactivity are associated with erectile dysfunction and hypogonadism. AIM: To compare the effects of low volume (LV) and high volume (HV) of moderate-intensity exercise on sexual function, testosterone, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), endothelial function, and quality of life (QoL) in obese men. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight, ...
Hildreth Kerry L - - 2013
Context:Aging in men is associated with reduced testosterone (T) levels and physiological changes leading to frailty, but the benefits of T supplementation are inconclusive.Objective:We studied the effects of T supplementation with and without progressive resistance training (PRT) on functional performance, strength, and body composition.Design, Setting, and Participants:We recruited 167 generally ...
Finch Caroline F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reach and adoption of a coach-led exercise training programme for lower limb injury prevention. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a group-clustered randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A periodised exercise training warm-up programme was delivered to players during training sessions over an 8-week preseason (weeks 1-8) and ...
Smith Alan A - - 2013
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) exerts both functional and signaling effects extending beyond the effects of testosterone in rodent skeletal muscle. As a primer for investigating the role of DHT in human skeletal muscle function, this study aimed to determine whether circulating DHT is acutely elevated in men following a bout of repeat ...
Vingren Jakob L - - 2013
Alcohol (ethanol) and resistance exercise can independently affect circulating bioavailable testosterone concentration. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the testosterone bioavailability and the anabolic endocrine milieu in response to acute ethanol ingestion following a bout of heavy resistance exercise. METHODS: Eight resistance trained men (mean ± SD: ...
Ghigiarelli Jamie J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Ghigiarelli, JJ, Sell, KM, Raddock, JM, and Taveras, K. Effects of strongman training on salivary testosterone levels in a sample of trained men. J Strength Cond Res 27(3): 738-747, 2013-Strongman exercises consist of multi-joint movements that incorporate large muscle mass groups and impose a substantial amount of neuromuscular stress. ...
Krist Mark R MR Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Is an injury prevention program consisting of 10 exercises designed to improve stability, muscle strength, co-ordination, and flexibility of the trunk, hip and leg muscles (known as The11) cost effective in adult male amateur soccer players? Cost-effectiveness analysis of a cluster-randomised controlled trial. 479 adult male amateur soccer players aged ...
Couto B P - - 2013
The aim of this study was to verify the acute effects of the application of local vibration on upper limbs during resistance training on the number of maximum repetitions, metabolic and hormonal responses. 32 volunteers performed a maximum voluntary contraction test during a lat pulldown exercise. After the test, all ...
Jackson Matthew C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: There is a disagreement surrounding the names of resistance training exercises. The purpose of this study was to survey different professionals regarding the nomenclature of resistance training exercises. 205 participants volunteered for the study, of which 64.9 % were male. Participants self-identified as either Certified Athletic Trainer (AT; 22.4%), ...
Kraemer William J - - 2013
Objective: For many resistance-trained men concerns exist regarding the production of estrogen with the consumption of soy protein when training for muscle strength and size. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of soy and whey protein supplementation on sex hormones following an acute bout of ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2013
Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes may be attenuated by exercise. This study examined whether twenty eight, previously sedentary males (62.5 ± 5.3 years of age; body mass of 89.7 ± 16.4 kg) adhering to the ACSM minimum guidelines for aerobic ...
Verkooijen Kirsten T - - 2013
Possible interactions among exercise self-identity, social comparison and exercise behaviour were explored in a sample of 417 undergraduate students (Mean age = 21.5, SD = 3.0; 73% female). Two models were examined using self-report data; (1) a mediation model which proposed an association between social comparison and exercise behaviour mediated by exercise self-identity and ...
Wilson Jacob M - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of short-term supplementation with the free acid form of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB-FA) on indices of muscle damage, protein breakdown, recovery and hormone status following a high-volume resistance training session in trained athletes. A total of twenty resistance-trained males were recruited ...
Sikorski Eric M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Currently no research has investigated the relationship between muscle damage, hormonal status, and perceived recovery scale (PRS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a high volume training session on PRS and to determine the relationship between levels of testosterone, cortisol and creatine kinase ...
Gorianovas Giedrius - - 2013
This study investigated possible differences using the same stretch-shortening exercise (SSE) protocol on generally accepted monitoring markers (dependent variables: changes in creatine kinase, muscle soreness, and voluntary and electrically evoked torque) in males across three lifespan stages (childhood versus adulthood versus old age). The protocol consisted of 100 intermittent (30 s ...
Watanabe Yuya - - 2013
The authors investigated the effects of low-intensity resistance training on muscle size and strength in older men and women. Thirty-five participants (age 59-76 yr) were randomly assigned to 2 groups and performed low-intensity (50% of 1-repetition maximum) knee-extension and -flexion exercises with either slow movement and tonic force generation (LST; ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2013
Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes can be attenuated by exercise. This study evaluated whether master athletes (MA [n = 20]) would have improved exercise capabilities, anthropometry, and hormone profiles when compared with age-matched sedentary counterparts (S [n = 28]). The MA group was predominantly ...
Frappier Julie - - 2013
To determine energy expenditure in kilocalories (kcal) during sexual activity in young healthy couples in their natural environment and compare it to a session of endurance exercise. THE STUDY POPULATION CONSISTED OF TWENTY ONE HETEROSEXUAL COUPLES (AGE: 22.6 ± 2.8 years old) from the Montreal region. Free living energy expenditure ...
Atlantis Evan E School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, New South Wales, - - 2013
Low testosterone level may be a reversible risk factor for functional disability and deterioration in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We sought to systematically assess the endogenous testosterone levels and effect of testosterone therapy on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in COPD patients, as ...
Goda Akio A Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Center for Surgical Trials and Outcomes Research, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of acute moderate-intensity exercise on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in healthy young Japanese men. BDNF is one of a family of neurotrophic factors involved in neuronal transmission, modulation and plasticity. Previous human-based studies have demonstrated that acute exercise ...
Bouillon Lucinda E - - 2012
Researchers have observed differences in muscle activity patterns between males and females during functional exercises. The research methods employed have used various step heights and lunge distances to assess functional exercise making gender comparisons difficult. The purpose of this study was to examine core and lower extremity muscle activity between ...
Gelfer Marylou Pausewang - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the outcomes of symptomatic voice treatment plus Stemple's vocal function exercises (VFEs) for a group of male-to-female (MTF) transgender (TG) clients seeking voice feminization. Both acoustic and perceptual outcomes were assessed, in addition to the clients' attitudes toward VFE. DESIGN: Prospective treatment study. METHOD: Three MTF ...
Stout Martin M Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of South Manchester, Wythenshawe, Manchester, United - - 2012
This study assessed the feasibility of a 12-week program of exercise, with and without intramuscular testosterone supplementation, in male patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and low testosterone status and collected preliminary data for key health outcomes. Male patients with CHF (n = 41, age 67.2 years, range 51-84 years) ...
Winchester Rachel - - 2012
This study examined the effect of introducing either a male or female observer on the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and affect of male runners during a moderate intensity running task. 10 moderately active men completed three 20-min. moderate intensity running trials at 60% of their peak treadmill running speed. ...
Leporace Gustavo - - 2013
To examine the influence of a preventative training program (PTP) on sagittal plane kinematics during different landing tasks and vertical jump height (VJH) in males. Six weeks prospective exercise intervention. Fifteen male volleyball athletes (13 ± 0.7 years, 1.70 ± 0.12 m, 60 ± 12 kg). PTP consisting of plyometric, balance and core stability exercises three times per ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >