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Shariat Ardalan A 1Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. 2Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran. 3Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran. 4Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, - - 2014
Strength and morphological adaptations to resistance exercise are mediated in part by anabolic hormones such as testosterone, yet the time course of variability in circadian hormone concentrations is not well characterized. This study, investigated how the circadian rhythm of salivary testosterone is altered by resistance exercise in young men. Twenty ...
Domene Pablo A PA Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and perceptual responses to Latin partnered social dance to salsa music when performed as a self-selected activity within an ecologically valid setting. Eighteen non-professional adult Latin dancers undertook a laboratory-based graded exercise test for determination of maximal oxygen uptake and ...
Rosa Claudio C 1Sport Sciences Departament, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real Portugal 2Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Vila Real Portugal 3Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Concurrent training has been widely used in fitness centers in order to simultaneously optimize cardiovascular and neuromuscular fitness, and induce a high-energy expenditure. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of two different orders of concurrent training on hormonal responses in concurrent trained men. Fourteen ...
Goto Kazushige K 1Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsushi, Shiga, Japan; 2Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of wearing a compression garment (CG) for 24 h on changes in muscular strength and blood parameters over time after resistance exercise. Nine trained men conducted resistance exercises (10 repetitions of 3-5 sets at 70% of one-repetition maximum [1RM] for 9 exercises) in two trials, wearing ...
Ogg-Groenendaal Marloes M Amarant Groep, P.O. Box 715, 5000 AS Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Challenging behavior, such as aggressive or self-injurious behavior, is a major concern for the health and well-being of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and for their relatives, friends, and caregivers. The most common contemporary treatments have drawbacks, such as the adverse side effects of antipsychotics. Exercise interventions could be a ...
Wasson John H JH The Dartmouth Institute, Lebanon, New - - 2014
Regular exercise is a healthy behavior associated with desirable benefits. Regular exercise also makes manifest 2 fundamental behaviors-a choice and the discipline to continuously act on that choice. This cross-sectional analysis of more than 10 000 adults examines the association of regular exercise with unhealthy behaviors. Compared with people who ...
Karakollukçu M M School of Physical Education and Sports, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey - - - 2014
There are limited research that indicates the effects of trampoline exercise on strength and other physiological parameters. This study aims to determine whether twelve weeks of trampoline exercise would have any effects on the physical and physiological parameters of male gymnasts. A number of twenty intercollegiate competitive male gymnasts (as ...
Covey Margaret K MK Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training is a recognized approach for improving functional capacity in COPD. People with greater disease severity often have difficulty achieving higher aerobic exercise training intensity. The effects of resistance training prior to aerobic training were examined to determine if this sequential approach was associated with greater gains in ...
Schaumberg Katherine K a Department of Psychology , University at Albany-State University of New York , Albany , New - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The current study investigated rates of endorsement of eating-related compensatory behaviors within a college sample. Participants: This sample included male and female students (N = 1158). Methods: Participants completed the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire. The study defined three groups of students: those who did not endorse purging behaviors, ...
Conroy David E DE Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mobile applications (apps) have potential for helping people increase their physical activity, but little is known about the behavior change techniques marketed in these apps. The aim of this study was to characterize the behavior change techniques represented in online descriptions of top-ranked apps for physical activity. Top-ranked apps (n=167) ...
Sannicandro Italo I Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia , - - 2014
The issue of functional asymmetries in the lower-limbs has been the subject of numerous recent investigations concerning many different contact, limited-contact and non-contact sports. The presence of strength asymmetries in the lower-limbs of young athletes practicing various sporting disciplines is considered an intrinsic risk factor for injury; in such cases, ...
Rosety-Rodriguez Manuel M Medicine Department, School of Medicine, University of Cadiz, Cadiz, - - 2014
Purpose: To determine the influence of arm-crank exercise in reproductive hormone levels in adults with chronic SCI. Further objectives were to assess the influence of arm-crank exercise on muscle strength and body composition. Materials and Methods: Seventeen male adults with complete SCI at or below the 5th thoracic level (T5) ...
Costello Joseph T JT a Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology , Brisbane , QLD , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study is to estimate the ratio of male and female participants in Sports and Exercise Medicine research. Original research articles published in three major Sports and Exercise Medicine journals (Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, British Journal of Sports Medicine and American Journal of ...
Kim Hye-Jin HJ Division of Sports and Well-Being, College of Sports and Arts, Hanyang University, Hanyang, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine possible effects of 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program(PPEP) for the fruit farmers(grape, tomato, apple) with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) on body stability and pain. 131 fruit farmers with MSD were selected and asked to join a 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program (PPEP) from ...
Scalzo Rebecca L RL *Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, - - 2014
Improved endurance exercise performance in adult humans after sprint interval training (SIT) has been attributed to mitochondrial biogenesis. However, muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and mitochondrial biogenesis during SIT have not been measured, nor have sex-specific differences. We hypothesized that males and females would have similar rates of MPS, mitochondrial biogenesis, ...
Lorenz Tierney Ahrold - - 2014
In laboratory studies, exercise immediately before sexual stimuli improved sexual arousal of women taking antidepressants [1]. We evaluated if exercise improves sexual desire, orgasm, and global sexual functioning in women experiencing antidepressant-induced sexual side effects. Fifty-two women who were reporting antidepressant sexual side effects were followed for 3 weeks of ...
Dowd A Justine AJ School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The objective of the studies presented in this paper was to examine whether the need to belong can be used to enhance exercise cognitions and behavior. Two studies examined the effectiveness of framing exercise as a means of boosting social skills (versus health benefits) for self-regulatory efficacy, exercise intentions, and ...
Pila Eva E Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
These three studies sought to better understand experiences of body-related envy and to examine the association with motivation and exercise behavior in young adult males and females. In an interview study, participants (N = 11) discussed body-related envy within a framework of social comparison. In Study 2, a thematic content ...
Sgrò P P Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Piazza Lauro de Bosis, 15, 00135, Rome, - - 2014
Few and conflicting data on the acute adaptive role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis to sub-maximal endurance exercise exist. To investigate the acute HPT axis responses to standardized endurance exercises in a laboratory setting and the correlations between testosterone and classic adaptive hormones variations. 12 healthy male volunteers were recruited ...
Mariotti R R Prof. Carlo Zancanaro, DSNNMM, Sezione di Anatomia e Istologia; Strada Le Grazie 8, I-37134 Verona, Italy. Tel. +39 045 8027155; Fax. +39 045 8027163, E-mail address: - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the effect of mild forced physical training on cerebral blood volume (CBV) and other brain parameters in old mice. Setting: Treadmill in the animal house. Participants: Thirty old (>25 mo) male mice were randomly assigned to one of three groups, exercise (E), exercise plus testosterone (T) (ET), ...
Wegner Mirko M Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Little is known about the influence of different stressors on fine motor skills, the concentration of testosterone (T), and their interaction in adolescents. Therefore, 62 high school students aged 14-15 years were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (exercise, psychosocial stress) and a control group. Exercise stress was induced at ...
Miri Maryamosadat M Exercise Physiology, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Fars, - - 2014
Weight gain and fat accumulation are predisposing factors of PCOS. Life-style modification, including increasing physical activity, is the first line approach in managing PCOS. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of exercise intensity on weight changes, androstenedione and free testosterone level in female rats with estradiol ...
Strohacker Kelley - - 2013
The effectiveness of reinforcing exercise behavior with material incentives is unclear. This study aims to conduct a systematic review of existing research on material incentives for exercise, organized by incentive strategy. Ten studies conducted between January 1965 and June 2013 assessed the impact of incentivizing exercise compared to a non-incentivized ...
Burke Tricia J - - 2013
This study examined the association between diet- and exercise-related social influence and support among romantic partners, as well as whether these variables were associated with their health behaviors. An Actor-Partner Mediator Model was used to examine these associations at the couple level (n = 192). Results indicated that individuals who felt their ...
Mueller Sandro Manuel - - 2013
It is a widely accepted premise in the scientific community and by athletes alike, that adding resistance exercise to a regular regimen of endurance training increases endurance performance in endurance-trained men. However, critical power (CP), capillarization, and myofiber size remain unaffected by this addition. Therefore, we tested whether the superimposition ...
Jessop Donna C - - 2013
There is limited evidence that self-affirmation manipulations can promote health behavior change. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the efficacy of a self-affirmation manipulation at promoting exercise could be enhanced by an implementation intention intervention. Participants (Study 1 N = 120, Study 2 N = 116) were allocated to one of four conditions ...
Huppertz Charlotte - - 2013
Social cognitive models of health behavior propose that individual differences in leisure time exercise behavior are influenced by the attitudes towards exercise. At the same time, large scale twin-family studies show a significant influence of genetic factors on regular exercise behavior. This twin-sibling study aimed to unite these findings by ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan - - 2013
Habit formation has been proposed as a way to maintain behaviour over time. Recent evidence suggests that constructs additional to repeated performance may predict physical automaticity, but no research has yet explored possible direct impacts of intention, planning, affect, and perceived behavioural control (PBC) on automaticity. In a prospective study ...
D'Ascenzi Flavio - - 2013
Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that fat-free mass (FFM) is an important determinant of left ventricular mass (LVM) in athletes. However, cross-sectional investigations have not the ability to detect the dynamic adaptation occurring with training. We hypothesized that LVM adapts concurrently with the increase of FFM induced by exercise conditioning. ...
Jackson G - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and vascular disease, in particular coronary artery disease (CAD), have the common denominator of endothelial dysfunction. ED frequently precedes a CAD event by between 2 and 5 years (average 3 years). ED also predicts an acute coronary syndrome as well as increased mortality, suggesting the rupture of an asymptomatic ...
Efthimiadis-Keith Helen - - 2013
This study is set out to examine the subjective experience of using the Ignatian method of meditation to reflect on and pray through Ruth 2. A group of male and female Theology students from the University of KwaZulu-Natal were invited to reflect upon/pray through Ruth 2 using Ignatian meditation. Following ...
Ohmura Hajime - - 2013
Training of young Thoroughbred horses must balance development of cardiopulmonary function and aerobic capacity with loading of the musculoskeletal system that can potentially cause structural damage and/or lameness. High-speed equine treadmills are sometimes used to supplement exercise on a track in the training of young Thoroughbreds because the horse can ...
Ferrari Rodrigo - - 2013
This study compared the effects of different weekly training frequencies on the cardiovascular and neuromuscular adaptations induced by concurrent training in previously trained elderly. After 20 weeks of combined strength and endurance training, twenty-four healthy elderly men (65±4 years) were randomly placed into two frequency training groups: strength and endurance ...
Yin M M - - 2013
Both epidemiologic and laboratory studies suggest that parents can shape their offspring's development. Recently, it has been shown that maternal exercise during pregnancy benefits the progeny's brain function. However, little is known regarding the influence of paternal exercise on their offspring's phenotype. In this study we attempt to determine the ...
Eynan Mirit - - 2013
We have previously determined the thresholds for CO2 detection (conscious recognition of elevated CO2) and retention in male divers, beyond which a diving candidate should not continue his diving activity due to an increased risk of CNS oxygen toxicity. The purpose of the present study was to establish whether there ...
Taipale Ritva S - - 2013
Supervised periodized mixed maximal and explosive strength training added to endurance training in recreational endurance runners was examined over an 8-week intervention preceded by an 8-week preparatory strength training period. Thirty-four subjects (21-45 years) were divided into experimental groups: men (M, n = 9), women (W, 9) and control groups: ...
Yilmaz Dilek Cicek - - 2013
Background & objectives: Intensive regular physical exercise training is associated with a physiological changes in left ventricular (LV) morphology and functions. This cardiac remodeling observed in the athletes is associated with the specific haemodynamic requirements of the exercise undertaken. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect ...
Guy Joshua H - - 2013
This study investigated whether the addition of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to an existing programme of pre-season soccer training would augment performance indices such as exercise tolerance and sports-specific performance beyond the use of pre-season training alone. Thirty one adult males were randomised across three groups: experimental (EXP: n=12), placebo ...
Kapinos Kandice A - - 2013
This study utilizes a natural experiment-conditionally random dormitory assignments of first-year US college students-to investigate the influence of obesogenic environmental factors in explaining changes in weight and exercise behavior during the 2009-2010 academic year. The design addresses potential selection biases resulting from the likelihood that individuals sort into built environments ...
Khoo Joan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and inactivity are associated with erectile dysfunction and hypogonadism. AIM: To compare the effects of low volume (LV) and high volume (HV) of moderate-intensity exercise on sexual function, testosterone, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), endothelial function, and quality of life (QoL) in obese men. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight, ...
Hildreth Kerry L KL Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2013
Aging in men is associated with reduced testosterone (T) levels and physiological changes leading to frailty, but the benefits of T supplementation are inconclusive. We studied the effects of T supplementation with and without progressive resistance training (PRT) on functional performance, strength, and body composition. We recruited 167 generally healthy ...
Finch Caroline F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reach and adoption of a coach-led exercise training programme for lower limb injury prevention. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a group-clustered randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A periodised exercise training warm-up programme was delivered to players during training sessions over an 8-week preseason (weeks 1-8) and ...
Smith Alan A - - 2013
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) exerts both functional and signaling effects extending beyond the effects of testosterone in rodent skeletal muscle. As a primer for investigating the role of DHT in human skeletal muscle function, this study aimed to determine whether circulating DHT is acutely elevated in men following a bout of repeat ...
Vingren Jakob L - - 2013
Alcohol (ethanol) and resistance exercise can independently affect circulating bioavailable testosterone concentration. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the testosterone bioavailability and the anabolic endocrine milieu in response to acute ethanol ingestion following a bout of heavy resistance exercise. METHODS: Eight resistance trained men (mean ± SD: ...
Ghigiarelli Jamie J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Ghigiarelli, JJ, Sell, KM, Raddock, JM, and Taveras, K. Effects of strongman training on salivary testosterone levels in a sample of trained men. J Strength Cond Res 27(3): 738-747, 2013-Strongman exercises consist of multi-joint movements that incorporate large muscle mass groups and impose a substantial amount of neuromuscular stress. ...
Krist Mark R MR Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Is an injury prevention program consisting of 10 exercises designed to improve stability, muscle strength, co-ordination, and flexibility of the trunk, hip and leg muscles (known as The11) cost effective in adult male amateur soccer players? Cost-effectiveness analysis of a cluster-randomised controlled trial. 479 adult male amateur soccer players aged ...
Couto B P - - 2013
The aim of this study was to verify the acute effects of the application of local vibration on upper limbs during resistance training on the number of maximum repetitions, metabolic and hormonal responses. 32 volunteers performed a maximum voluntary contraction test during a lat pulldown exercise. After the test, all ...
Jackson Matthew C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: There is a disagreement surrounding the names of resistance training exercises. The purpose of this study was to survey different professionals regarding the nomenclature of resistance training exercises. 205 participants volunteered for the study, of which 64.9 % were male. Participants self-identified as either Certified Athletic Trainer (AT; 22.4%), ...
Kraemer William J - - 2013
Objective: For many resistance-trained men concerns exist regarding the production of estrogen with the consumption of soy protein when training for muscle strength and size. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of soy and whey protein supplementation on sex hormones following an acute bout of ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2013
Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes may be attenuated by exercise. This study examined whether twenty eight, previously sedentary males (62.5 ± 5.3 years of age; body mass of 89.7 ± 16.4 kg) adhering to the ACSM minimum guidelines for aerobic ...
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