Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 637
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Whelton Seamus P - - 2002
PURPOSE: Physical activity has been associated with reduced blood pressure in observational epidemiologic studies and individual clinical trials. This meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials was conducted to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles published before September 2001. STUDY SELECTION: 54 randomized, controlled trials ...
van der Woude L H V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To give a descriptive analysis of aerobic capacity among elite wheelchair athletes in association with various personal characteristics and sprint or anaerobic capacity. DESIGN: Sixty-eight wheelchair athletes who participated in the World Games and Championships for the Disabled were included. Parameters for aerobic capacity were evaluated in a standardized ...
Penninx Brenda W J H - - 2002
This study examines and compares the effect of aerobic and resistance exercise on emotional and physical function among older persons with initially high or low depressive symptomatology. Data are from the Fitness, Arthritis and Seniors Trial, a trial among 439 persons 60 years or older with knee osteoarthritis randomized to ...
Tsumura Hiroshi - - 2002
Our study was conducted to acquire essential information on the fat metabolism of obese patients with gonarthrosis during aerobic exercise, with a bicycle ergometer, with an intermission and without an intermission. Two experiments were conducted. Six women with gonarthrosis participated in the first experiment and another six women with gonarthrosis ...
Bergen John L - - 2002
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder, which includes an inability to activate appropriate muscle activity. Very little research has analyzed aerobic exercise for PD patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 16 week aerobic exercise intervention on aerobic capacity and movement initiation ...
Bosquet Laurent - - 2002
Physiological testing of elite athletes requires the correct identification and assessment of sports-specific underlying factors. It is now recognised that performance in long-distance events is determined by maximal oxygen uptake (V(2 max)), energy cost of exercise and the maximal fractional utilisation of V(2 max) in any realised performance or as ...
Nixon S - - 2002
The profile of HIV infection is constantly changing. Although once viewed as an illness progressing to death, among those with access to antiretroviral therapy, HIV infection can now present as a disease with an uncertain natural history, perhaps a chronic manageable disease for some. Thus, the needs of persons infected ...
Ray U S - - 2001
Reports on the effect of yogic exercises on aerobic capacity are few. There is also no literature available on the effect of yogic exercise on perceived exertion (PE) after maximal exercise. In this study the effect of training in Hatha yogic exercises on aerobic capacity and PE after maximal exercise ...
Bakken R C - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although much is known about the benefits of aerobic exercise on cardiovascular health, little research has been done on the effect of aerobic exercise on motor performance. This study examined whether aerobic exercise has an effect on visuospatial information processing during finger-movement tracking in elderly subjects. SUBJECTS: ...
Jacobson B H - - 2001
Frequency of weekly aerobic activity was compared with annual illness-related absenteeism in 79,070 adult US adult workers. Weekly exercise, days per week of aerobic activity (> or = 20 minutes), and absenteeism consisting of days per year and grouped as 1 to 3, 4 to 6, and 7+ days were ...
Renoux J C - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to make use of the concepts of maximum aerobic speed (MAS) and time limit (tlim) in order to determine the relationship between these two elements, and this in an attempt to significantly improve both speed and swimming performance during a training season. To ...
Jones S P - - 2001
Exercise/physical activity is increasingly being advocated as a positive addition to the treatment regimen of HIV-positive individuals. We investigated the effects of 10 weeks' aerobic and resistance training on individuals with HIV-related lipodystrophy. These individuals demonstrated an improvement in exercise tolerance, body composition and blood lipid profiles. Potentially, such changes ...
Tay J H - - 2001
AIMS: This paper attempts to investigate the role of cellular polysaccharides in the formation and stability of aerobic granules. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three column sequential aerobic sludge blanket reactors (R1, R2 and R3) were operated at a superficial air upflow velocity of 0.3 cm s(-1), 1.2 cm s(-1) and 2.4 ...
Guarino P - - 2001
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Studies Program (CSP) Study #470 is a 2 x 2 factorial trial designed to evaluate the hypothesis that both cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and aerobic exercise will significantly improve physical function in participants with Gulf War veterans' illnesses (GWVI), and that adding CBT ...
Bernal D - - 2001
Elasmobranchs and bony fishes have evolved independently for more than 400 million years. However, two Recent groups, the lamnid sharks (Family Lamnidae) and tunas (Family Scombridae), display remarkable similarities in features related to swimming performance. Traits separating these two groups from other fishes include a higher degree of body streamlining, ...
Broocks A - - 2001
RATIONALE: Several clinical studies suggest antidepressive and anxiolytic effects of regular aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVES: The present study examines the effects of a 10-week protocol of moderate aerobic exercise (3-4 miles jogging 3 times per week) on central serotonergic receptor sensitivity. METHODS: Neuroendocrine challenges using oral doses of meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP; 0.4 ...
Wilson M L - - 2001
To determine the optimal anaerobic companion bottle to pair with BACTEC Plus Aerobic/F medium for recovery of pathogenic microorganisms from adult patients with bacteremia and fungemia, we compared Plus Anaerobic/F bottles with Standard Anaerobic/F bottles, each of which was filled with 4 to 6 ml of blood. The two bottles ...
Pierson L M - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of performing combined resistance and aerobic training, versus aerobic training alone, in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with coronary artery disease were randomized to either an aerobic-only training group (AE) or a combined aerobic and resistance training group (AE + R). ...
Cruz A - - 2001
A sequential anaerobic/aerobic treatment process was used to biodegrade the azo dye disperse blue 79 (DB79). The integrated process was successfully tested and operated for the mineralization of the DB79 dye until a concentration of 120 mg/l in 96 h. In the first stage, the anaerobic biofilter biotransformed the DB79 ...
Cimen B - - 2001
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show lower cardiorespiratory fitness than normal subjects. This study was planned to investigate the pulmonary function tests (PFT), respiratory muscle strength and endurance, and aerobic capacity of patients with RA, as well as the relationship of these parameters to clinical and functional status. Twenty-five RA ...
Solenberger S E - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to describe the exercise behavior across the DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis (anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS)) and determine if differences exist among exercise category (high level and low level), type of exercise (aerobic, strength, and total), ...
Petruzzello S J - - 2001
Previous research has shown that regional brain activation, assessed via frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry, predicts affective responsivity to aerobic exercise. To replicate and extend this work, in the present study we examined whether resting brain activation was associated with affective responses to an acute bout of aerobic exercise and the ...
Laukkanen R M - - 2001
This study measured heart rate during floor and step aerobic classes at three intensity levels. A group of 20 female occasional exercisers [mean age 33 (SD 8) years, mean body mass index 21 (SD 2) kg.m-2 volunteered to participate in six aerobic classes (three floor classes, three step classes) and ...
Nixon S - - 2001
The profile of HIV infection is constantly changing. Although once viewed as an illness progressing to death, HIV infection now presents as a chronic infection characterized by unpredictable cycles of wellness and illness. Thus, the needs of this population have increasingly included management of impairments, disabilities and handicaps. Exercise is ...
Dawes H - - 2000
Aerobic exercise training has demonstrated positive effects after brain injury. However, therapists express concern regarding the use of effortful exercise in individuals presenting with spasticity or involuntary muscle activity. This study aimed to address this concern and to evaluate whether an intervention of maximal intensity cycling exercise impaired an individual's ...
Meyer T - - 2000
Aerobic exercise seems to be effective in improving general mood and symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy individuals and psychiatric patients. This effect is not limited to aerobic forms of exercise. There are almost no contraindications for psychiatric patients to participate in exercise programmes, provided they are free from ...
Faff J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate changes in the aerobic- and anaerobic-dependent performance tasks in paratroopers during 18 mo of their military service. METHODS: There were 39 Polish Army recruits, enlisted to the paratroops, who volunteered for this study. The subjects were examined on enlisting and then ...
Sevick M A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine, in a randomized clinical trial of 439 individuals with knee osteoarthritis, the incremental cost-effectiveness of aerobic versus weight resistance training, compared with an education control intervention. METHODS: Cost estimates of the intervention were based upon the cost of purchasing from the ...
Stringer W W - - 2000
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is an important diagnostic tool for both clinical and research purposes in HIV positive (HIV+) individuals. Important information can be obtained from the gas exchange responses that can elucidate heart, lung, peripheral vascular, pulmonary vascular, and muscle abnormalities in this population. A large percentage of these ...
Sagiv M - - 2000
PURPOSE: The present study compared and evaluated left ventricular function and contractility at peak incremental aerobic type exercise and all-out explosive anaerobic effort in young healthy trained subjects. METHODS: Twenty-two young healthy trained subjects (19 +/- 1 yr) were studied by two-dimensional direct M-mode echocardiography at peak aerobic and at ...
Lavie C J - - 2000
PURPOSE: Although cardiopulmonary exercise variables predict prognosis, functional capacity, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), these variables have not been assessed fully before and after exercise training in elderly with CAD. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the impact of formal ...
Magnié M N - - 2000
Electrophysiological effects of aerobic fitness and maximal aerobic exercise were investigated by comparing P300 and N400 before and after a maximal cycling test. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were obtained from 20 students divided into two matched groups defined by their aerobic fitness level (cyclists vs. sedentary subjects). The session of postexercise ...
Schaeffer-Gerschutz S A - - 2000
Overall ratings of perceived exertion, i.e., undifferentiated RPE, are often used as indicators of exercise intensity during walking, jogging, and cycling; however, conflicting results concerning RPE during aerobic dance exercise have been reported, and the use of differentiated RPE, i.e., local RPE and central RPE, has not been investigated. The ...
Bates D M - - 2000
To understand the role of the [4Fe-4S](2+) cluster in controlling the activity of the Escherichia coli transcription factor FNR (fumarate nitrate reduction) during changes in O(2) availability, we have characterized a mutant FNR protein containing a substitution of Leu-28 with His (FNR-L28H) which, unlike its wild type (WT) counterpart, is ...
Ramadan J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the magnitude of the cardiovascular and respiratory changes that occur during the month of Ramadan in response to moderately heavy aerobic physical exertion. METHODS: Eighteen sedentary Kuwaiti adult males were tested under thermo-neutral conditions during a spring-like month of Ramadan and ...
Bonetti A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) plays an important role in oxidative mithocondrial phosphorylation and prevents lipid peroxidation in biological membranes. During sustained physical exercise, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production increase through several mechanism; one of them is the purine nucleotide cycle activation by shifting xanthine-dehydrogenase to xanthine-oxidase during AMP breakdown. The ...
Wolach B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have indicated reduced immunity in trained athletes. AIM: To assess the effects of aerobic and anaerobic exercise on the phagocytic process in 18-26 year old trained female judoka (n = 8) and untrained controls (n = 7). METHODS: Each subject participated randomly in two different testing sessions ...
Christman S K - - 2000
Past research suggests that continuous handrail support during exercise attenuates physiologic responses to exercise and reduces aerobic benefits; however, this phenomenon has not been systematically studied in women exercising on the step treadmill. The effects of three levels of handrail support (continuous light, continuous very light, or no handrail support) ...
Rowland T - - 2000
Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in females, expressed as ml x kg(-1) x min(-1), declines steadily during the first three decades of life. The contribution of diminished cardiovascular function to this apparent fall in aerobic fitness is unknown. Cardiac responses to maximal cycle exercise were compared in 24 premenarcheal females (mean ...
Hayakawa Y - - 2000
This study evaluated the effect of music on the mood of women during exercise. 16 middle-aged women, aged 49.9 +/- 7.53 yr., performed 60-min. bench stepping exercise while listening to Japanese traditional folk song, aerobic dance music, or nonmusic. The subjects reported significantly less fatigue with aerobic dance music and ...
Haydar Z R - - 2000
The presence or absence of early repolarization on the electrocardiogram at rest was correlated with aerobic exercise capacity in healthy volunteers from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Patients with early repolarization had both longer treadmill exercise duration and higher peak oxygen consumption than age-and gender-matched control subjects.
Warburton D E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Blood volume (BV) and hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) play important roles in oxygen transport. Manipulation of both BV and [Hb] can markedly affect systemic oxygen transport and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max). However, the role of BV in oxygen transport and aerobic performance is not well understood. It has recently been ...
Stringer W W - - 1999
Aerobic exercise training is an important therapy to offer individuals who are HIV positive (HIV+). Six to 12 weeks of moderate exercise sessions (3 times per week for 1 hour) significantly improves aerobic capacity (VO2max and lactic acidosis threshold), apparently without detrimental effects on the immune system. In addition, small ...
Bishop C M - - 1999
Resting or basal metabolic rates, compared across a wide range of organisms, scale with respect to body mass as approximately the 0.75 power. This relationship has recently been linked to the fractal geometry of the appropriate transport system or, in the case of birds and mammals, the blood vascular system. ...
Mahle W T - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine if early ventricular volume unloading improves aerobic capacity in patients with single ventricle Fontan physiology. BACKGROUND: Surgical strategies for patients with single ventricle include intermediate staging or early Fontan completion to reduce the adverse affects of prolonged ventricular volume load. The impact of this strategy ...
Yagi Y - - 1999
Visual and auditory reaction times (RTs) have been reported to decrease during moderate aerobic exercise, and this has been interpreted as reflecting an exercise-induced activation (EIA) of cognitive information processing. In the present study we examined changes in several independent measures of information processing (RT, accuracy, P300 latency and amplitude) ...
Taivassalo T - - 1999
We have previously demonstrated that patients with mitochondrial myopathies can benefit from short-term aerobic exercise training. In this study, we compared the responses to short-term aerobic training of patients with mitochondrial myopathies, patients with nonmetabolic myopathies, and sedentary normal subjects. Training consisted of 8 weeks of treadmill exercise at 70% ...
Villa J G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Physical conditioning has been reported to increase liver oxidative metabolism determined by antipyrine clearance. The purpose of this investigation was to study effects of aerobic conditioning on the different metabolic pathways of antipyrine by comparing the production clearances of antipyrine metabolites. METHODS: Participant: volunteers not engaged in the systematic ...
Chappell MA - - 1999
We evaluated the relationship between organ mass and the limits to aerobic metabolism in house sparrows Passer domesticus. The results were used to test three models of performance limitation (the central limitation, peripheral limitation and symmorphosis concepts). Basal metabolic rate (BMR) was determined during the rest phase. The maximum rate ...
Stenström C H - - 1999
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of an exercise program on neuropeptide concentrations, disease activity, impairments and disabilities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Eleven females (median age 60 years, median disease duration 6.5 years, ARA functional classes I or II) exercised 30 min daily for 4 ...
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