Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 624
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Ozmerdivenli Recep - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes that take place in IOP in athletes and people leading sedentary lives subjected to aerobic and anaerobic exercise and how chronic exercise could affect these changes. The study included 20 sportsmen (Group 1), and 20 people leading sedentary lives (Group ...
Pramanik Tapas - - 2006
Pulse pressures of two groups of young (18-35 yrs) normotensive non smoker men were compared. One group used to do regular resistance exercise in gymnasium & anther group used to practice aerobic exercise (playing football basketball etc.) regularly. Duration of exercise for both the group was same. Higher pulse pressure ...
Pang Marco Y C - - 2006
To determine whether aerobic exercise improves aerobic capacity in individuals with stroke. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. DATABASES SEARCHED: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched. Design: randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Participants: individuals with stroke. Interventions: aerobic exercise training aimed at ...
Defoor Johan - - 2006
AIMS: The heritability of aerobic power and of the response to physical training has been shown in healthy subjects. beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor (beta(1)AR) function affects exercise performance. This study aims to investigate whether the Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg polymorphisms of the beta(1)AR gene or their haplotypes are associated with aerobic power or ...
Ussher Michael - - 2006
A brief bout of aerobic exercise (e.g. stationary bicycle) has been shown to result in an acute reduction in tobacco withdrawal symptoms and cravings in abstinent smokers. However, aerobic exercise is often not practical and it is of interest to examine whether non-aerobic exercise has a similar effect. We investigated ...
Li Chia-Lin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The major objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise intervention with goals of improving health-related physical fitness in one high-tech company in Taiwan. METHODS: This study was conducted as a quasi-experimental design. Among the 54 subjects enrolled in the study, 26 subjects of ...
Str?hle Andreas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Regular physical activity is anxiolytic for both healthy subjects and patients with panic disorder. However, the acute antipanic activity of exercise has not yet been studied systematically. METHOD: The effects of quiet rest or aerobic treadmill exercise (30 minutes at 70% of maximum oxygen consumption) on cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4)-induced ...
Chaouachi M - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study examined the association between dominant somatotype and the effect on aerobic capacity variables of individualised aerobic interval training. METHODS: Forty one white North African subjects (age 21.4+/-1.3 years; Vo2max = 52.8+/-5.7 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) performed three exercise tests 1 week apart (i) an incremental test on a ...
Swain David P - - 2006
Aerobic fitness, not merely physical activity, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Vigorous intensity exercise has been shown to increase aerobic fitness more effectively than moderate intensity exercise, suggesting that the former may confer greater cardioprotective benefits. An electronic search of published studies using PubMed was conducted ...
Stella S G - - 2005
Several studies have indicated that depressive states may lead to hypokinesia with diminished metabolic rate and energy use. Hypokinesia associated with certain eating behaviors may lead to an unfavorable energy balance that can contribute to the emergence and prevalence of obesity among children and adults. The purpose of the present ...
Brugniaux Julien V - - 2006
The efficiency of "living high, training low" (LHTL) remains controversial, despite its wide utilization. This study aimed to verify whether maximal and/or submaximal aerobic performance were modified by LHTL and whether these effects persist for 15 days after returning to normoxia. Last, we tried to elucidate whether the mechanisms involved ...
Komatsu William Ricardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the aerobic exercise capacity between normal adolescents and those with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: An experimental group with 72 individuals diagnosed with T1DM aged 9--20, time from diagnosis 4.9 +/- 3.6 yr, without clinical cardiopulmonary disease or anemia and a control group (C) with 46 ...
Colberg Sheri R - - 2005
A small, but positive, association between aerobic training status or prior maximal exercise and enhanced dorsal foot skin perfusion in active individuals with Type 2 diabetes has been shown. This study, therefore, was designed to examine whether an aerobic training intervention would positively affect cutaneous perfusion in sedentary Type 2 ...
Santos Iracema Athayde - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aerobic training on submaximal cardiorespiratory capacity in overweight pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial in a referral center prenatal clinic during the period 2000-2002. Of 132 overweight (body mass index 26-31 kg/m2) but otherwise healthy volunteers, at 20 years of age ...
Salek A K - - 2005
Sixty eight adult patients of fibromyalgia were included in this prospective study from the Outpatient Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka during the period of January 2003 to June 2003. Study samples were assigned into two treatment groups: Group A (n = ...
Wang Zhi-Wu - - 2006
Four sequencing batch reactors (SBR) were operated at different volume exchange ratios of 20-80%. Results showed that a rapid aerobic granulation could be achieved in SBR run at high volume exchange ratios, and the characteristics of mature aerobic granules in terms of mean size, SVI, granule fraction, EPS and calcium ...
Ando Soichi - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether reaction time (RT) for the peripheral visual field increases at exercise intensity above the ventilatory threshold (VT) during incremental exercise and to examine the relationship between aerobic capacity and the extent of increase in the RT. Nine healthy subjects performed ...
Kara B - - 2005
Regular aerobic exercise improves aerobic capacity and increases brain blood flow and oxygenation. Exercise also stimulates the reticular activating system and leads to a centrally excited state thereby makes the brain active and alert. In the present study, an aerobic exercise program consisting of submaximal level calisthenic exercises was devised ...
Takken Tim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability of an aerobic and an anaerobic exercise test in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). METHODS: Sixteen patients with JDM (mean age 13.85 +/- 6.4 yrs, range 6.7-27.2) participated. Anaerobic exercise capacity was measured using the Wingate Anaerobic Exercise Test (WAnT). Aerobic exercise test was performed ...
Lind Erik - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The intensity of physical activity has been found to be inversely related to adherence, thus contributing to the problem of physical inactivity. Although most physical activity is unsupervised and participants, therefore, self-select the intensity, very little is known about the level of intensity that they select. We hypothesized that ...
Olsen David B - - 2005
Exercise programs have been shown to increase strength and endurance in patients with myopathic disorders. The authors investigated the effect of aerobic training in patients with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD). Twelve weeks of low-intense aerobic exercise improved maximal oxygen uptake and workload with no signs of muscle damage. The authors conclude ...
Méndez-Villanueva A - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the upper-body aerobic fitness characteristics in 2 groups of competitive surfers with different performance levels. Thirteen male competitive surfers performed an incremental dry-land board paddling test to determine specific peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), peak power output (Wpeak) and the ...
Bilberg A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of moderately intensive pool exercise therapy on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Forty-six patients with chronic RA were randomly assigned to a treatment group and a control group. The treatment group (n = 20) exercised in a temperate ...
Rimmer James H - - 2005
Functional aerobic capacity among persons with stroke is severely compromised and may limit their full participation in community living. Even though aerobic conditioning can be potentially valuable to persons with stroke in reducing the risk of recurrent morbid events and improving overall quality of life, there is limited information on ...
MacKay-Lyons Marilyn J - - 2005
Clinicians are becoming increasingly interested in the use of aerobic training to enhance functional outcomes after stroke. Several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of training among individuals in the chronic poststroke period. However, there is limited information on the response to training in earlier stages of recovery. The purpose of ...
Opocher Francesca - - 2005
It was demonstrated that patients who have undergone the Fontan operation can safely undertake exercise training and that this results in an improvement in aerobic capacity. These findings suggest that aerobic training could be useful in the long-term management of these patients to optimize their cardiovascular fitness for more active ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2005
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are inactive and have reduced physical functioning and performance. Aerobic exercise interventions have been shown to increase maximal oxygen consumption in selected patients. In addition, preliminary evidence, although mixed, suggests that aerobic exercise training can improve blood pressure control, lipid profiles and mental health ...
Flamink C - - 2005
In-sewer transformation processes affect wastewater quality. Especially during dwf the transformation processes can exert a significant influence on wastewater quality. The transformation rates under aerobic conditions were estimated from an oxygen mass balance over a sewer reach. Oxygen probes were installed at the upstream and downstream end of the sewer ...
Kluding Patricia - - 2005
Problems with daily activities due to decreased aerobic capacity and decreased strength are common in people who survive a stroke. Implementation of exercise for the upper extremity is challenging because of weakness and other impairments that limit performance of exercise activities. Although maximal exercise testing protocols are difficult to administer, ...
Nixon S - - 2005
The profile of HIV infection is constantly changing. Although once viewed as an illness progressing to death, among those with access to antiretroviral therapy, HIV can now present as a disease with an uncertain natural history, perhaps a chronic manageable disease for some. This increased chronicity of HIV infection has ...
Andriolo R B - - 2005
Although physical fitness has been suggested to improve physical and psychosocial health for a variety of population profiles, there is a lack of information about the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise for adults with Down syndrome. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aerobic exercise training programmes for physiological ...
Sharman James E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although physical activity is beneficial to health, people who exercise at high intensities throughout their lifetime may have increased cardiovascular risk. Aerobic exercise increases oxidative stress and may contribute to atherogenesis by augmented oxidation of plasma lipoproteins. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between aerobic ...
Leibtseder V - - 2004
AIM: Effects of aerobic fitness on cognitive performance (CP) in elderly persons have been investigated with contradictory RESULTS: However, these effects have not been explored in occupationally active young and healthy subjects yet. Therefore we studied the effects of an aerobic training on CP during mental stress and in low ...
Duncan Glen E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Common cardiovascular disease risk factors (e.g., insulin and aerobic fitness) are improved with exercise; however, few studies have addressed the potential for training to modify emerging cardiovascular disease risk factors such as homocysteine and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. METHODS: Sedentary adults (n = 324, 48.9 +/- 8.4 years) were randomized ...
Sezer Nebahat - - 2004
This study evaluated cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses to maximum exercise and aerobic capacity in hemiplegic patients and clarified the relationship between the resulting data and motor disability. Twenty patients with stroke and fifteen healthy controls were included in the study. Cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses to maximum exercise were investigated with ...
Deruelle Fabien - - 2004
In order to individualize the intensity of an aerobic training program on different ergometers in healthy elderly subjects using a single test of muscular exercise, we analysed cardiorespiratory responses in 8 men (65.7 +/- 4.5 yrs) and 10 women (63.3 +/- 4.8 yrs). The heart rate corresponding to the ventilatory ...
O'Brien Kelly - - 2004
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness and safety of aerobic exercise interventions on immunological/virological, cardiopulmonary, and psychological outcomes in adults living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Ten randomized trials of HIV-positive adults performing aerobic exercise three times per week for at least 4 wk were identified ...
Metin Gökhan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess aerobic fitness and exercise capacity in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to determine subgroup differences. METHODS: Thirty-four patients diagnosed with JIA and 21 healthy sedentary volunteers were studied. Aerobic fitness was determined by measuring peak power and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) during an incremental cycling ...
Uhley Herman - - 2004
Maintaining heart rate for a given period is an important element of any exercise problem. Swimming is a popular form of exercise, but it can be difficult for patients to monitor their pulse rate while swimming.
Borglin Sharon E - - 2004
To increase the operating lifetime of landfills and to lower leachate treatment costs, an increasing number of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills are being managed as either aerobic or anaerobic bioreactors. Landfill gas composition, respiration rates, and subsidence were measured for 400 days in 200-L tanks filled with fresh waste ...
Spalding Thomas W - - 2004
Forty-five (22 women) sedentary young (18-30 years old) nonsmoking normotensive volunteers engaged in either 6 weeks of aerobic training (AT), weight training (WT), or a no-treatment (NT) condition to determine whether AT lowers systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and rate-pressure product (RPP) during rest, psychological ...
Rauramaa Rainer - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although regular physical activity is recommended for prevention of cardiovascular diseases, no data are available on its antiatherosclerotic effects in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether progressive aerobic exercise compared with usual activity slows progression of atherosclerosis in men. DESIGN: A 6-year randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Eastern Finland. ...
Kemi Ole Johan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Physical fitness and level of regular exercise are closely related to cardiovascular health. A regimen of regular intensity-controlled treadmill exercise was implemented and withdrawn to identify cellular mechanisms associated with exercise capacity and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). METHODS AND RESULTS: Time-dependent associations between cardiomyocyte dimensions, contractile capacity, and VO2max ...
Davranche Karen - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine the facilitating effects of moderate physical exercise on the reaction process to gain a better understanding of the interaction between physiological and cognitive processes. Sixteen participants with specific expertise in decision-making sports performed a double task consisting of choice reaction time while ...
Klijn Peter H C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Children's physical activity patterns are characterized by short-term anaerobic activities. Anaerobic exercise performance in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) has received little attention compared to aerobic performance. This study investigated the effects of anaerobic training in children with CF. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly assigned to the ...
Ko G T C - - 2004
Information on the beneficial effects of exercise in Chinese concerning weight reduction and fat loss is limited. We studied 18 young, healthy Chinese volunteers and assessed the short-term effects of exercise on their anthropometric and biochemical parameters. They had not done regular exercise before the study and were randomly assigned ...
Hayes S - - 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of undertaking peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBST) on quality of life (QoL), and to determine the effect of participating in a mixed-type, moderate-intensity exercise program on QoL. It was also an objective to determine the relationship between peak aerobic ...
Dudgeon Wesley D - - 2004
The use of both aerobic and resistance exercise has been shown to improve physiologic parameters such as strength, endurance, time to fatigue, and body composition in the HIV-infected population. Exercise has also been used successfully to treat psychologic conditions such as depression and anxiety that are common in HIV-infected individuals. ...
Moug S J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Exercise during dialysis (EDD) in End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) has been documented as an effective intervention to improving a patient's aerobic capacity. AIMS: This pilot study aimed to confirm physiological improvements, to establish its safety and practicality and to form guidelines for a long-term study, leading to the integration ...
Ekkekakis Panteleimon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The high rates of dropout from exercise programs may be attributed in part to the poor ability of most individuals to accurately self-monitor and self-regulate their exercise intensity. The point of transition from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism may be an appropriate level of exercise training intensity as it appears ...
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