Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 638
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Smith Webb A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC) supplementation and endurance training for 8 wk on aerobic- and anaerobic-exercise performance in healthy men and women (age 18-44 yr). Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: placebo (n=9), 1 g/d GPLC (n=11), or ...
Coles Kathryn - - 2008
In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a brief bout of exercise on executive function, short-term memory, and long-term memory tests. Eighteen young adults (mean age 22.2 years, s = 1.6) performed a set-switching test, a Brown-Peterson test, and a free-recall memory test before and after 40 min ...
Caputo Fabrizio - - 2008
The aims of this study were: (1) to verify the validity of previous proposed models to estimate the lowest exercise duration (TLOW) and the highest intensity (IHIGH) at which VO2max is reached (2) to test the hypothesis that parameters involved in these models, and hence the validity of these models ...
Koutedakis Yiannis - - 2008
The need for superior performance in dance has impelled teachers and choreographers to use increasingly effective and sophisticated methods of preparation. To that end, such modalities ofbiomechanics as advanced motion-capture, muscle-function and muscle-strength techniques are being used to provide useful information about which of the dancers' needs require special attention. ...
Sabatier Manning J - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear whether reductions in adiposity mediate the improvements in vascular health that occur with aerobic exercise. The purpose of this longitudinal study of 13 healthy women (33 +/- 4 years old) was to determine whether 14 weeks of aerobic exercise would alter functional measures of ...
Skidmore Frank M - - 2008
This pilot study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a 3-month progressive treadmill aerobic exercise (TM-AEX) program for persons with Parkinson disease with gait impairment. Eight subjects underwent a treadmill stress test to determine eligibility. Of these subjects, three were referred for further cardiac evaluation and five were enrolled. In ...
Hovell Melbourne F - - 2008
To determine the efficacy of community-based, culturally tailored exercise intervention on the moderate and vigorous physical activity and physiologic outcomes of low-income Latino women (Latinas). A randomized trial contrasted safety education to an aerobic dance intervention. Interventions were held in a "store-front" exercise site near a community clinic. Sedentary low-income ...
Singman Eric L - - 2008
The authors evaluated a 34-year-old man with exercise-induced diplopia. The diagnostic testing that led to this conclusion is discussed. To the authors' knowledge, this is a rarely reported condition that warrants discussion.
Konttinen Tomi - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to examine physiological and neuromuscular responses during motocross riding at individual maximal speed together with the riding-induced changes in maximal isometric force production. Seven A-level (group A) and 5 hobby-class (group H) motocross-riders performed a 30-minute riding test on a motocross track and ...
Ribeiro Jerri L - - 2008
Individuals of O blood group have significantly lower plasma levels of either Factor VIII (FVIII) or the von Willebrand factor (vWF). Conversely, there is accumulating evidence that elevated FVIII-vWF levels may represent an important risk factor for ischemic heart and venous thromboembolic disease. In this study, individuals exercised for 20 ...
Palayo Patrick - - 2007
The purposes of this review were (1) to review the recent studies conducted in swimming on the assessment of aerobic potential and establishment of exercise-intensity domains (it is important that exercise-intensity domains be accurately defined and their physiological underpinnings well understood to optimize and evaluate training programs); (2) to analyze ...
de Lateur Barbara J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a 12-week exercise program in producing greater improvement in aerobic capacity in adult burn survivors, relative to usual care. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial. SETTING: Burn center. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 35 adult patients admitted to a burn center for treatment of a ...
Verschuren Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an 8-month training program with standardized exercises on aerobic and anaerobic capacity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Pragmatic randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded outcome evaluation between July 2005 and October 2006. SETTING: Participants were recruited from 4 schools for special ...
Arthur Heather M HM Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. - - 2007
To compare the effect and sustainability of 6 months combined aerobic/strength training vs aerobic training alone on quality of life in women after coronary artery by-pass graft surgery or myocardial infarction. Prospective, 2-group, randomized controlled trial. Ninety-two women who were 8-10 weeks post-coronary artery by-pass graft surgery or myocardial infarction, ...
Ozyemisci-Taskiran Ozden - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies investigating the effect of exercise on reaction time have yielded contradictory results. Most of the studies use computer based methods to measure reaction time instead of electromyography, yielding total reaction time rather than premotor time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of a single ...
Mezzani Alessandro - - 2008
Energetic metabolism during effort is impaired in patients with left ventricular dysfunction (Dysf), but data have been lacking up to now on the relative anaerobic vs. aerobic contribution to total energy release during supramaximal effort. Recently, the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) has been shown to be measurable in Dysf ...
Tabara Yasuharu - - 2007
Arterial stiffness is an important factor for cardiovascular performance and a predictor of cardiovascular risk. We evaluated the effects of both acute and long-term aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness in community-dwelling healthy elderly subjects. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between the effects of long-term exercise and those of acute ...
Yamamoto Kanami - - 2007
Previous experimental research showed an attenuated vasoconstrictor response after acute exercise. This study aims to determine the effect of aerobic physical exercise on the endothelium-derived circulating nitric oxide (NO) concentrations among healthy young persons. A total of 10 subjects (5 men and 5 women) aged 21-28 were examined for the ...
Hays, Anne Elizabeth
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate (DHEAS) is thought to offset hypercortisolemia, which is found in individuals with bipolar disorder. While the cause of bipolar disorder remains unknown, previous studies have linked elevated cortisol levels with various mental health illnesses, including bipolar disorder. Previous studies suggest that exercise increases DHEAS levels in healthy subjects, ...
Zhu L - - 2008
AIMS: This paper investigates a selection-based acclimation strategy for improving the performance and stability of aerobic granules at a high chloroanilines loading. METHODS AND RESULTS: The experiments were conducted in a sequencing airlift bioreactor (SABR) to develop aerobic granules fed with chloroanilines (ClA). The evolution of aerobic granulation was monitored ...
Okamoto Takanobu - - 2007
Aerobic exercise training combined with resistance training (RT) might prevent the deterioration of vascular function. However, how aerobic exercise performed before or after a bout of RT affects vascular function is unknown. The present study investigates the effect of aerobic exercise before and after RT on vascular function. Thirty-three young, ...
Chaweewan Deechauy, 1967-
Thesis (M.Sc.)--Chulalongkorn University, 1999
Meulemans Ann - - 2007
The diagnosis of a mitochondrial disorder is often difficult. Therefore, new approaches and diagnostic criteria are being developed. One of these tests is the aerobic forearm exercise test, a screening tool that can contribute to assess whether or not the patient suffers from a mitochondrial myopathy. With this simple, non-invasive ...
Kawai Tomoko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess response to physical stress, gene expression profiles in peripheral blood cells were analyzed using an original microarray carrying 1467 stress-responsive complementary DNA probes. DESIGN: Gene expression was analyzed at 4, 24, and 48 hours after exercising on a cycle ergometer at 60% VO2 max for 1 hour ...
Ambrosino Nicolino - - 2007
Patients who have mild to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may obtain improvement in dyspnea, exercise capacity, and health-related quality of life as a result of exercise training. The type and intensity of training is of key importance in determining outcomes. High-intensity aerobic training leads to physiologic gains in aerobic ...
Lelieveld Otto T H M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) compared with age- and sex-matched healthy individuals, and to assess associations between disease-related variables and aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity. METHODS: Of 25 patients enrolled in a JIA transition outpatient clinic, 22 patients with ...
Mileva, Gerri
Goldfish produce ethanol under hypoxic and anoxic conditions and when exercised under anaerobic conditions. In this study the effect of aerobic training on the ethanol production of goldfish was examined. First Ucrit was determined (5.50bl s-1) and then fish were trained at 70% Ucrit for 14 days. Ethanol concentration (mmol ...
Thomsen J J - - 2007
The effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) treatment on aerobic power (VO2max) are well documented, but little is known about the effects of rHuEpo on submaximal exercise performance. The present study investigated the effect on performance (ergometer cycling, 20-30 min at 80% of maximal attainable workload), and for this purpose ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: African-American men have stiffer arteries than white men at rest. We sought to test the hypothesis that reductions in stiffness after aerobic exercise may be attenuated in African-American (AA) men compared with white (W) men. METHODS: Twenty-four young men (age 22+/-1.0 years; 12 AA and 12 W) underwent measures ...
Tongprasert Siam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the level of aerobic capacity using maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in the fifth-year medical students at Chiang Mai University. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective study in which data were collected from the database of the fifth-year medical students who attended the rehabilitation medicine course at ...
Bertuzzi Rômulo Cássio de Moraes - - 2007
The present study cross-sectionally investigated the influence of training status, route difficulty and upper body aerobic and anaerobic performance of climbers on the energetics of indoor rock climbing. Six elite climbers (EC) and seven recreational climbers (RC) were submitted to the following laboratory tests: (a) anthropometry, (b) upper body aerobic ...
Camargo M D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aerobic training (AT) and circuit weight training (CWT) improve peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)peak). During CWT the circulatory system is exposed to higher pressure, which could induce left ventricle morphological adaptations, possibly distinct from those derived from aerobic training. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of aerobic training and CWT upon ...
Haykowsky Mark J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training and type of exercise (aerobic vs. strength vs. combined training) on left ventricular (LV) remodeling in heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: A number of randomized controlled trials have examined the effect of exercise training on LV remodeling ...
Brown Richard A - - 2007
This preliminary study examined the impact of aerobic exercise as an adjunctive intervention to regular care in reducing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in a clinical sample. Fifteen patients (53% male; mean age = 44.4 years) receiving behavioral therapy and/or pharmacotherapy for OCD and who still demonstrated clinically significant OCD ...
Kim Sungwoon - - 2007
To investigate the potential psychological benefits of brief exercise and sport activities on positive mood alterations, 45 Korean high school and 232 undergraduate students enrolled in physical education and stress management classes voluntarily participated and were randomly assigned to one of four activities: aerobic exercise, body conditioning, hip-hop dancing, and ...
Legrand Fabien - - 2007
In this article, we examined the antidepressant influence of an 8-week-long aerobic exercise intervention in which two training parameters were manipulated: exercise frequency and group environment. Twenty-three individuals with elevated symptoms of depression were recruited in a sport and fitness facility and agreed to participate in this 8-week study. They ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Resistance training increases arterial stiffness and pressure wave reflection. We tested the hypothesis that potentially greater tonic arterial stiffness in resistance-trained (RT) men may alter the vascular response to an acute exercise stressor. METHODS: Thirty participants (age 22 +/- 0.5 yr; 15 highly RT men and 15 sedentary non-RT ...
Schwartz Anna L - - 2007
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in women newly diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Two National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers in metropolitan areas. SAMPLE: 66 women with stage I-III breast cancer ...
Liu Yong-Qiang - - 2007
Activated sludge with sludge volume index (SVI)(30) of 77 ml g(-1) and SVI(30) of 433 ml g(-1) was inoculated to start up reactors R1 and R2, respectively. In both R1 and R2, cycle time of 1 h and the influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations of 1,000 mg l(-1) were ...
Yanai Hidekatsu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An important role of CD36 in muscle fatty acid (FA) uptake has been shown in CD36-knockout or CD36-overexpressed mice. FA is a predominant substrate in energy production during light exercise below the anaerobic threshold (AT). We studied whether aerobic exercise capacity in humans could be affected by CD36 deficiency. ...
Rahnama N - - 2007
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate responses of selected markers of oxidative stress in physical education students during aerobic training. METHODS: Twenty male students were randomly assigned into either a control (mean+/-SD: age 23.5+/-1.4 years, height 1.72+/-0.06 m, body mass 68.9+/-5.8 kg, n=10) or an aerobic training (mean+/-SD: age 23.8+/-1.8 ...
Strömbeck B E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a moderate to high intensive exercise program on two primary outcomes (aerobic capacity, fatigue), and three secondary outcomes [anxiety, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)] in women with primary Sjögren's syndrome (primary SS). METHODS: Twenty-one women with primary SS were ranked according to ...
Stephens Quiona - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a 10-week aerobic exercise training intervention on blood pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness, and workload in African American women with prehypertension. DESIGN: After we obtained informed consent and medical clearance, each participant underwent baseline measurements, an aerobic exercise-training regimen, and postintervention assessments. SETTING: This investigation took ...
Ritvanen Tiina - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of aerobic fitness on physiological stress responses experienced by teachers during working hours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six healthy female and male teachers aged 33-62 years participated in the study. The ratings of perceived stress visual analogue scale (VAS), ...
Emdadi Sh - - 2007
This study examined the applicability of trans-theoretical model (TTM) to understand exercise behavior among female college students in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2007. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. The dependent variables analyzed were exercise efficacy expectation, decisional balance (pros and cons). The independent variable was stage ...
Katz-Leurer Michal - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate whether autonomic impairment post stroke modifies the influence of early aerobic training in relation to resting heart rate, peak workload and walking performance at the subacute stage post event. METHODS: Sixty-four patients after a first ischemic stroke were included and randomly assigned either to an aerobic training ...
Netz Y - - 2007
Research has shown that aerobic exercise enhances cognitive function, specifically executive functions. This study examines the effect of acute aerobic exercise on cognitive flexibility - an executive function - in late middle-aged individuals. Fourteen men and 45 women aged 50 - 64, were randomly assigned to moderate exercise (60 % ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2007
Aerobic fitness depends upon the components of oxygen delivery and the oxidative mechanisms of the exercising muscle. Peak oxygen uptake is recognised as the best single criterion of aerobic fitness but it is strongly correlated with body size. Methods of controlling for body size are discussed and it is demonstrated ...
Gelecek Nihal - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated plasma homocysteine (PH) levels have been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate the influences of submaximal acute aerobic exercise and aerobic training on PH levels and lipid profiles. METHODS: 69 volunteer subjects (21.12 +/- 2.08 years) ...
Hunter Gary R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Resting energy expenditure (REE) is increased 24 hours after high-intensity aerobic exercise lasting 60 minutes, whereas results have been inconsistent after resistance training and aerobic exercise of shorter duration. The objective of the study was to compare the effects of 40 minutes of high-intensity aerobic vs. resistance exercise on ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >