Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 641
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Amir O - - 2009
AIM: This study was designed to analyze serum oxidative stress (OS) levels in healthy young individuals performing a routine maximal aerobic exercise and to evaluate the correlation between OS levels and physiological parameters. METHODS: Serum OS levels were studied by thermochemiluminescence (TCL) parameters at rest and following maximal aerobic exercise ...
Shaw B S - - 2009
Aerobic and resistance training are often performed concurrently by inactive individuals and those patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation, despite contradictory findings that this mode of training may impair the development of maximal aerobic capacity (VO(2max)). The aim of the study, therefore, was to compare the effects of 16 weeks of aerobic, ...
Kim Do Jun do - - 2009
Surgical patients often show physiological and metabolic distress, muscle weakness, and long hospital stays. Physical conditioning might help recovery. We attempted to identify the most responsive measure of aerobic fitness from a four-week pre-surgical aerobic exercise program (prehabilitation) in patients undergoing major bowel resection. Twenty-one subjects randomized two to one ...
Mendonca Goncalo Vilhena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The effect of exercise training on submaximal aerobic capacity and locomotor economy (LE) of Down's syndrome (DS) individuals has never been analyzed and their peak physiological adaptability to long-term physical conditioning is poorly understood. Thus the purpose of the present study was to determine whether DS males could improve ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2009
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effectiveness of aerobic exercise interventions on cardiopulmonary function and body composition in women with breast cancer. Of 24 relevant studies reviewed, 10 studies (N = 588) met the inclusion criteria. The findings indicated that aerobic exercise significantly improved cardiopulmonary function as ...
Davidson Lance E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Authorities advocate that resistance and aerobic exercise are essential for reducing risk factors for chronic disease and disability in older adults. However, the incremental effects of combined resistance and aerobic exercise compared with either modality alone on risk factors for disease and disability is generally unknown. METHODS: Participants were ...
Cheung N W - - 2009
We conducted a 4-month randomised controlled trial of home-based resistance training using exercise bands, amongst people with type 2 diabetes and co-morbidities limiting aerobic exercise capacity. The intervention did not improve HbA1c, anthropometric variables or functional capacity. We conclude that short-term use of exercise bands does not improve glycaemic control.
Ridgel Angela L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Animal studies indicate forced exercise (FE) improves overall motor function in Parkinsonian rodents. Global improvements in motor function following voluntary exercise (VE) are not widely reported in human Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of VE and FE on PD ...
Boone Jan - - 2009
During ramp exercise the deoxy[Hb + Mb] pattern follows a sigmoid model [f(x) = f (0) + A/(1 + exp(-(-c +dx))], indicating a non-linear muscle blood flow (Qm)/oxygen uptake (VO25)-relationship. We hypothesised that in trained cyclists the sigmoid would display a rightward shift, due to an increased oxidative capacity and/or ...
Palmer Craig D - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the effects of prior exercise on energy supply and performance in a laboratory-based 4000-m time trial. METHODS: After one familiarization trial, eight well-trained cyclists (mean +/- SD; age = 30 +/- 8 yr, body mass = 78.7 +/- 8.6 kg, stature = 181 ...
Retarekar Runzun - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic aerobic exercise program for a child with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A 5-year-old girl with spastic diplegia classified at level III on the Gross Motor Function Classification System participated in this single-subject A-B-A design study. The aquatic ...
Perret C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To accurately characterise cardiopulmonary baseline performance in aerobically untrained paraplegic subjects by means of an incremental exercise test (IET) and to derive possible training recommendations based on these measurements. METHODS: Twelve motor complete paraplegic subjects with no previous experience in stimulated leg-cycling participated in the study. Exercise testing was ...
Zambrano Jean C - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of aerobic exercise (AE) on uric acid (UA), total antioxidant activity (TAA), oxidative stress (OS) and nitrite a stable nitric oxide (NO) metabolite in saliva from persons with Down syndrome (DS). Stimulated saliva was sampled from 12 participants 1 hour ...
Morita Emiko - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to investigate whether the Trp64Arg polymorphism in beta3-AR gene and the -3826A/G polymorphism in the UCP1 gene were associated with the reduction in energy expenditure and fat oxidation both in resting and aerobic exercise in Japanese. Eighty-six nonobese young healthy Japanese were recruited. Energy ...
Natsis Konstantinos - - 2009
With the increasing number of people participating in physical aerobic exercise, jogging in particular, we considered that it would be worth knowing if there are should be limits to the exercise with regard to the intraocular pressure (IOP) of the eyes. The purpose of this study is to check IOP ...
Hurkmans Emalie - - 2009
An up-to-date overview of the effectiveness and safety of dynamic exercise therapy (exercise therapy with a sufficient intensity, duration, and frequency to establish improvement in aerobic capacity and/or muscle strength) is lacking. To assess the effectiveness and safety of short-term (< three months) and long-term (> three months) dynamic exercise ...
Andriolo Régis B - - 2009
Although physical fitness has been suggested to improve physical and psychosocial health for a variety of population profiles, there is a lack of information about the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise for adults with Down syndrome. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aerobic exercise training programmes for physiological ...
Finucane Francis M FM MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, UK. - - 2009
While there are compelling observational data confirming that individuals who exercise are healthier, the efficacy of aerobic exercise interventions to reduce metabolic risk and improve insulin sensitivity in older people has not been fully elucidated. Furthermore, while low birth weight has been shown to predict adverse health outcomes later in ...
Tang Ada - - 2009
BACKGROUND: and objective. In spite of the challenges, engaging in exercise programs very early after stroke may positively influence aerobic capacity and stroke-related outcomes, including walking ability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adding aerobic cycle ergometer training to conventional rehabilitation early after stroke and ...
Segal Roanne J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for prostate cancer (PCa) may cause unfavorable changes in fatigue, quality of life (QOL), and physical fitness. We report results from the Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy and Exercise Versus Normal Treatment study examining the effects of 24 weeks of resistance or aerobic training versus usual care on fatigue, QOL, ...
Tang Ping - - 2008
The semi-aerobic landfill has been widely used as a sustainable landfill technology. However, the stabilization indicator system and stabilization criteria of semi-aerobic landfill have not been developed yet. In this study, the stabilization indicator system and stabilization criteria of semi-aerobic landfill were studied on the basis of simulation tests and ...
Acil A A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 10 weeks of physical exercises programme on mental states and quality of life (QOL) of individuals with schizophrenia. The study involved 30 inpatients or outpatients with schizophrenia who were assigned randomly into aerobic exercise (n = 15) group and ...
Lee M S - - 2009
Tai chi has been claimed to generate beneficial effects with respect to a wide range of diseases. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence from randomised clinical trials (RCTs) testing the effectiveness of tai chi for increasing aerobic capacity. Systematic searches were conducted on 14 electronic databases ...
Broom David R DR Department of Medicine, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough Univ., Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2009
Resistance (muscle strengthening) exercise is a key component of exercise recommendations for weight control, yet very little is known about the effects of resistance exercise on appetite. We investigated the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on hunger and circulating levels of the gut hormones acylated ghrelin and peptide YY ...
Schjerve Inga E - - 2008
Regular exercise training is recognized as a powerful tool to improve work capacity, endothelial function and the cardiovascular risk profile in obesity, but it is unknown which of high-intensity aerobic exercise, moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or strength training is the optimal mode of exercise. In the present study, a total of ...
Audiffren Michel - - 2008
The immediate and short-term after effects of a bout of aerobic exercise on young adults' information processing were investigated. Seventeen participants performed an auditory two-choice reaction time (RT) task before, during, and after 40 min of ergometer cycling. In a separate session, the same sequence of testing was completed while ...
Stephens Samantha - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial of a 12-week exercise intervention in children with fibromyalgia (FM) and to explore the effectiveness of aerobic exercise on physical fitness, function, pain, FM symptoms, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: FM patients ages 8-18 years were randomized to ...
Hand Gregory A - - 2008
HIV infection and HIV drug therapies result in physical and psychological challenges to those living with HIV. These conditions contribute to decreased functional aerobic capacity (FAC). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a combined moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise intervention on the FAC of HIV-infected ...
Smiley-Oyen Ann L AL Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA. - - 2008
Although basic research has uncovered biological mechanisms by which exercise could maintain and enhance adult brain health, experimental human studies with older adults have produced equivocal results. This randomized clinical trial aimed to investigate the hypotheses that (a) the effects of exercise training on the performance of neurocognitive tasks in ...
Michishita Ryoma - - 2008
Increased aerobic capacity can reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to elucidate whether aerobic capacity is associated with inflammatory status. The subjects included 90 overweight women [age, 51.5±10.7 yrs; body mass index (BMI), 28.1±2.5] ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2008
Anemia in patients with solid tumors is a common problem that is associated with impaired exercise capacity, increased fatigue, and lower quality of life (QoL). Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have been shown to improve these outcomes; however, it is unknown if additional benefits can be achieved with aerobic exercise training. We ...
Shoemaker Michael J MJ Grand Valley State University, Physical Therapy Program, Grand Rapids, - - 2008
To conduct a systematic review of the evidence regarding the efficacy of exercise training in the management of cystic fibrosis (CF). Articles were found by searching PEDRO, MEDLINE, and CINAHL databases. Included articles involved exercise-related interventions for long-term adaptations (ie, not acute effects of exercise). Articles were excluded if the ...
Fredriksen Per Morten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with transposition of the great arteries corrected by an atrial switch procedure are believed to have a worse physical outcome than patients with an arterial switch procedure correction. This study aimed to compare exercise data for patients with the two surgical methods. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed exercise ...
de Andrade Sandra Cristina - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercise in water pool compared with aerobic exercise performed in sea by women with fibromyalgia (FM). A total of 46 patients were randomly allocated into two groups: pool group (23 patients) and sea group (23 patients) that performed ...
Dittrich Sara Maria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to address the influence of an aerobic exercise program combined with relaxation on pain and psychological variables in migraine patients. DESIGN: Controlled, randomised design with half of the group receiving an intervention (aerobic exercise group) in addition to standard medical care received ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2008
Low-grade systemic inflammation is suggested to play a role in the development of several chronic diseases including cancer. Higher levels of physical activity and lower adiposity have been associated with reduced levels of markers of systemic inflammation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP); however, reductions in CRP have not been consistently ...
Hoffman Benson M BM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2008
Although cross-sectional studies have demonstrated an association between higher levels of aerobic fitness and improved neurocognitive function, there have been relatively few interventional studies investigating this relationship, and results have been inconsistent. We assessed the effects of aerobic exercise on neurocognitive function in a randomized controlled trial of patients with ...
Sibley Kathryn M - - 2008
Cardiorespiratory fitness, along with sensorimotor recovery, is important for optimal function after stroke. Development of exercises that simultaneously address aerobic training and increase paretic limb involvement may improve outcomes and maximize productivity of therapy sessions. This case series assessed the feasibility of and characterized the cardiorespiratory and sensorimotor demands of ...
Kerr Rebecca M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of a combined aerobic and resistance exercise program on key cardiovascular disease risk factors (i.e. body composition or anthropometry and cardiorespiratory function) of Australian male, Vietnam War veterans living in the tropics. DESIGN: Twelve-month exercise program with assessments at commencement, 3, 6 and 12 months. ...
Hautala Arto J - - 2009
It is well established that regular aerobic exercise training reduces all-cause mortality and improves a number of health outcomes. However, a marked heterogeneity in the training-induced changes, e.g. in terms of aerobic fitness, has been observed in healthy human subjects, even with highly standardized training programs. Mean improvements in aerobic ...
Owerkowicz Tomasz - - 2008
Aerobic capacity (VO2max) of endothermic vertebrates is known to increase with exercise training, but this effect has not been found to-date in non-avian reptiles. We exercised juvenile estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) to walk at 0.75-0.88 km/h on a treadmill for up to 20 min a day over 16 weeks, and ...
Taylor, Teletia R.
This study seeks to examine the impact of exercise on serum factors related to prostate cancer in African-American men. Aims and Objectives: 1. To recruit 40 African-American men between the ages of 40 and 70 who are at increased risk for developing prostate cancer and randomize them into an exercise ...
Kemi Ole Johan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Reduced activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca ATPase-2a (SERCA-2a) contributes to myocardial dysfunction. Exercise training improves myocardial Ca-handling, but SERCA-2a function is uncertain. We assessed SERCA-2a activity after exercise training. METHODS: SERCA-2a function was assessed by sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca uptake in cardiomyocytes with other Ca uptake mechanisms blocked, in ...
Lin Bing - - 2008
A step nonisothermal experiment under high oxygen pressure and a computation with optimization for a step nonisothermal experiment on a stability study of drugs are introduced. The kinetics parameters of captopril oxidation in aqueous solution were determined with this method. It is reported that the reaction of captopril solution occurs ...
Bäck Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high frequency exercise for patients before and after an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with special reference to maximal aerobic capacity, muscle function, health related quality of life (HRQoL), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and restenosis. METHODS: A randomised, controlled ...
Strang A J - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of exhausting aerobic exercise on the timing of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). METHODS: The APAs of 12 participants were recorded at baseline, after a .VO2max running test, and again following a 45-min rest period. APAs were induced using a ...
Rendi Mária - - 2008
Eighty volunteers were tested in their natural exercise environment consisting of a fitness centre they regularly attended. Half of the sample exercised on a stationary bicycle, the other half on a treadmill. All participants filled in the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory before and after their 20 min of exercise that was ...
Sakkas Giorgos K - - 2008
We present the first study on the influence of exercise training on restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Restless legs syndrome has been treated pharmacologically with satisfactory results; however, side effects and rebound phenomena have been reported. Intradialytic exercise training effectively counteracts uremia-induced catabolism; nevertheless, it remains ...
Janssen Thomas W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether leg cycling training in subjects with chronic stroke can improve cycling performance, aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and functional performance and to determine if electric stimulation (ES) to the contralateral (paretic) leg during cycling has additional effects over cycling without ES. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, with ...
Deley Gaëlle G Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2008
To confirm that electrical myostimulation is a good alternative to conventional aerobic training in patients with chronic heart failure and to compare the effects of both training programmes in patients with different exercise capacities. A total of 44 patients with stable chronic heart failure underwent 5 weeks of exercise training, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >