Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 623
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Tang Ada - - 2009
BACKGROUND: and objective. In spite of the challenges, engaging in exercise programs very early after stroke may positively influence aerobic capacity and stroke-related outcomes, including walking ability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adding aerobic cycle ergometer training to conventional rehabilitation early after stroke and ...
Segal Roanne J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for prostate cancer (PCa) may cause unfavorable changes in fatigue, quality of life (QOL), and physical fitness. We report results from the Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy and Exercise Versus Normal Treatment study examining the effects of 24 weeks of resistance or aerobic training versus usual care on fatigue, QOL, ...
Tang Ping - - 2008
The semi-aerobic landfill has been widely used as a sustainable landfill technology. However, the stabilization indicator system and stabilization criteria of semi-aerobic landfill have not been developed yet. In this study, the stabilization indicator system and stabilization criteria of semi-aerobic landfill were studied on the basis of simulation tests and ...
Acil A A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 10 weeks of physical exercises programme on mental states and quality of life (QOL) of individuals with schizophrenia. The study involved 30 inpatients or outpatients with schizophrenia who were assigned randomly into aerobic exercise (n = 15) group and ...
Lee M S - - 2009
Tai chi has been claimed to generate beneficial effects with respect to a wide range of diseases. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence from randomised clinical trials (RCTs) testing the effectiveness of tai chi for increasing aerobic capacity. Systematic searches were conducted on 14 electronic databases ...
Broom David R DR Department of Medicine, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough Univ., Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2009
Resistance (muscle strengthening) exercise is a key component of exercise recommendations for weight control, yet very little is known about the effects of resistance exercise on appetite. We investigated the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on hunger and circulating levels of the gut hormones acylated ghrelin and peptide YY ...
Schjerve Inga E - - 2008
Regular exercise training is recognized as a powerful tool to improve work capacity, endothelial function and the cardiovascular risk profile in obesity, but it is unknown which of high-intensity aerobic exercise, moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or strength training is the optimal mode of exercise. In the present study, a total of ...
Audiffren Michel - - 2008
The immediate and short-term after effects of a bout of aerobic exercise on young adults' information processing were investigated. Seventeen participants performed an auditory two-choice reaction time (RT) task before, during, and after 40 min of ergometer cycling. In a separate session, the same sequence of testing was completed while ...
Stephens Samantha - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial of a 12-week exercise intervention in children with fibromyalgia (FM) and to explore the effectiveness of aerobic exercise on physical fitness, function, pain, FM symptoms, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: FM patients ages 8-18 years were randomized to ...
Hand Gregory A - - 2008
HIV infection and HIV drug therapies result in physical and psychological challenges to those living with HIV. These conditions contribute to decreased functional aerobic capacity (FAC). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a combined moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise intervention on the FAC of HIV-infected ...
Smiley-Oyen Ann L - - 2008
Although basic research has uncovered biological mechanisms by which exercise could maintain and enhance adult brain health, experimental human studies with older adults have produced equivocal results. This randomized clinical trial aimed to investigate the hypotheses that (a) the effects of exercise training on the performance of neurocognitive tasks in ...
Michishita Ryoma - - 2008
Increased aerobic capacity can reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to elucidate whether aerobic capacity is associated with inflammatory status. The subjects included 90 overweight women [age, 51.5±10.7 yrs; body mass index (BMI), 28.1±2.5] ...
Shoemaker Michael J - - 2008
Purpose: To conduct a systematic review of the evidence regarding the efficacy of exercise training in the management of cystic fibrosis (CF).Methods: Articles were found by searching PEDRO, MEDLINE, and CINAHL databases. Included articles involved exercise-related interventions for long-term adaptations (ie, not acute effects of exercise). Articles were excluded if ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2008
Anemia in patients with solid tumors is a common problem that is associated with impaired exercise capacity, increased fatigue, and lower quality of life (QoL). Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have been shown to improve these outcomes; however, it is unknown if additional benefits can be achieved with aerobic exercise training. We ...
Fredriksen Per Morten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with transposition of the great arteries corrected by an atrial switch procedure are believed to have a worse physical outcome than patients with an arterial switch procedure correction. This study aimed to compare exercise data for patients with the two surgical methods. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed exercise ...
de Andrade Sandra Cristina - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercise in water pool compared with aerobic exercise performed in sea by women with fibromyalgia (FM). A total of 46 patients were randomly allocated into two groups: pool group (23 patients) and sea group (23 patients) that performed ...
Dittrich Sara Maria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to address the influence of an aerobic exercise program combined with relaxation on pain and psychological variables in migraine patients. DESIGN: Controlled, randomised design with half of the group receiving an intervention (aerobic exercise group) in addition to standard medical care received ...
Hoffman Benson M - - 2008
Although cross-sectional studies have demonstrated an association between higher levels of aerobic fitness and improved neurocognitive function, there have been relatively few interventional studies investigating this relationship, and results have been inconsistent. We assessed the effects of aerobic exercise on neurocognitive function in a randomized controlled trial of patients with ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2008
Low-grade systemic inflammation is suggested to play a role in the development of several chronic diseases including cancer. Higher levels of physical activity and lower adiposity have been associated with reduced levels of markers of systemic inflammation, such as C-reactive protein (CRP); however, reductions in CRP have not been consistently ...
Sibley Kathryn M - - 2008
Cardiorespiratory fitness, along with sensorimotor recovery, is important for optimal function after stroke. Development of exercises that simultaneously address aerobic training and increase paretic limb involvement may improve outcomes and maximize productivity of therapy sessions. This case series assessed the feasibility of and characterized the cardiorespiratory and sensorimotor demands of ...
Kerr Rebecca M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of a combined aerobic and resistance exercise program on key cardiovascular disease risk factors (i.e. body composition or anthropometry and cardiorespiratory function) of Australian male, Vietnam War veterans living in the tropics. DESIGN: Twelve-month exercise program with assessments at commencement, 3, 6 and 12 months. ...
Hautala Arto J - - 2009
It is well established that regular aerobic exercise training reduces all-cause mortality and improves a number of health outcomes. However, a marked heterogeneity in the training-induced changes, e.g. in terms of aerobic fitness, has been observed in healthy human subjects, even with highly standardized training programs. Mean improvements in aerobic ...
Owerkowicz Tomasz - - 2008
Aerobic capacity (VO2max) of endothermic vertebrates is known to increase with exercise training, but this effect has not been found to-date in non-avian reptiles. We exercised juvenile estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) to walk at 0.75-0.88 km/h on a treadmill for up to 20 min a day over 16 weeks, and ...
Taylor, Teletia R.
This study seeks to examine the impact of exercise on serum factors related to prostate cancer in African-American men. Aims and Objectives: 1. To recruit 40 African-American men between the ages of 40 and 70 who are at increased risk for developing prostate cancer and randomize them into an exercise ...
Kemi Ole Johan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Reduced activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca ATPase-2a (SERCA-2a) contributes to myocardial dysfunction. Exercise training improves myocardial Ca-handling, but SERCA-2a function is uncertain. We assessed SERCA-2a activity after exercise training. METHODS: SERCA-2a function was assessed by sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca uptake in cardiomyocytes with other Ca uptake mechanisms blocked, in ...
Lin Bing - - 2008
A step nonisothermal experiment under high oxygen pressure and a computation with optimization for a step nonisothermal experiment on a stability study of drugs are introduced. The kinetics parameters of captopril oxidation in aqueous solution were determined with this method. It is reported that the reaction of captopril solution occurs ...
Bäck Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high frequency exercise for patients before and after an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with special reference to maximal aerobic capacity, muscle function, health related quality of life (HRQoL), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and restenosis. METHODS: A randomised, controlled ...
Strang A J - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of exhausting aerobic exercise on the timing of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). METHODS: The APAs of 12 participants were recorded at baseline, after a .VO2max running test, and again following a 45-min rest period. APAs were induced using a ...
Rendi Mária - - 2008
Eighty volunteers were tested in their natural exercise environment consisting of a fitness centre they regularly attended. Half of the sample exercised on a stationary bicycle, the other half on a treadmill. All participants filled in the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory before and after their 20 min of exercise that was ...
Sakkas Giorgos K - - 2008
We present the first study on the influence of exercise training on restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Restless legs syndrome has been treated pharmacologically with satisfactory results; however, side effects and rebound phenomena have been reported. Intradialytic exercise training effectively counteracts uremia-induced catabolism; nevertheless, it remains ...
Deley Gaëlle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To confirm that electrical myostimulation is a good alternative to conventional aerobic training in patients with chronic heart failure and to compare the effects of both training programmes in patients with different exercise capacities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients with stable chronic heart failure underwent 5 ...
Janssen Thomas W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether leg cycling training in subjects with chronic stroke can improve cycling performance, aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and functional performance and to determine if electric stimulation (ES) to the contralateral (paretic) leg during cycling has additional effects over cycling without ES. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, with ...
Torre Peter P - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to measure noise levels during aerobics classes and to examine how outer hair cell (OHC) function, using distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), may be affected by this exposure. Fifty individuals (48 women and 2 men, ages 19-41 years) participated in 50-min aerobics classes. Noise ...
Tiehm Andreas - - 2008
Assessing changes in the isotopic signature of contaminants is a promising new tool to monitor microbial degradation processes. In this study, chloroethene degradation was proven by depletion of chloroethenes, formation of chloride, increase in protein content and stable carbon isotope fractionation. Aerobic degradation of vinyl chloride (VC) was found to ...
Nojima Hideki - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether moderate-intensity exercise training reduces oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus over 12 months. The patients were divided into 3 groups: aerobic training combined with the use of a fitness center (group A, n = 43), aerobic training only ...
Smith Webb A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC) supplementation and endurance training for 8 wk on aerobic- and anaerobic-exercise performance in healthy men and women (age 18-44 yr). Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: placebo (n=9), 1 g/d GPLC (n=11), or ...
Coles Kathryn - - 2008
In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a brief bout of exercise on executive function, short-term memory, and long-term memory tests. Eighteen young adults (mean age 22.2 years, s = 1.6) performed a set-switching test, a Brown-Peterson test, and a free-recall memory test before and after 40 min ...
Caputo Fabrizio - - 2008
The aims of this study were: (1) to verify the validity of previous proposed models to estimate the lowest exercise duration (TLOW) and the highest intensity (IHIGH) at which VO2max is reached (2) to test the hypothesis that parameters involved in these models, and hence the validity of these models ...
Koutedakis Yiannis - - 2008
The need for superior performance in dance has impelled teachers and choreographers to use increasingly effective and sophisticated methods of preparation. To that end, such modalities ofbiomechanics as advanced motion-capture, muscle-function and muscle-strength techniques are being used to provide useful information about which of the dancers' needs require special attention. ...
Sabatier Manning J - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear whether reductions in adiposity mediate the improvements in vascular health that occur with aerobic exercise. The purpose of this longitudinal study of 13 healthy women (33 +/- 4 years old) was to determine whether 14 weeks of aerobic exercise would alter functional measures of ...
Skidmore Frank M - - 2008
This pilot study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a 3-month progressive treadmill aerobic exercise (TM-AEX) program for persons with Parkinson disease with gait impairment. Eight subjects underwent a treadmill stress test to determine eligibility. Of these subjects, three were referred for further cardiac evaluation and five were enrolled. In ...
Hovell Melbourne F - - 2008
To determine the efficacy of community-based, culturally tailored exercise intervention on the moderate and vigorous physical activity and physiologic outcomes of low-income Latino women (Latinas). A randomized trial contrasted safety education to an aerobic dance intervention. Interventions were held in a "store-front" exercise site near a community clinic. Sedentary low-income ...
Singman Eric L - - 2008
The authors evaluated a 34-year-old man with exercise-induced diplopia. The diagnostic testing that led to this conclusion is discussed. To the authors' knowledge, this is a rarely reported condition that warrants discussion.
Konttinen Tomi - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to examine physiological and neuromuscular responses during motocross riding at individual maximal speed together with the riding-induced changes in maximal isometric force production. Seven A-level (group A) and 5 hobby-class (group H) motocross-riders performed a 30-minute riding test on a motocross track and ...
Ribeiro Jerri L - - 2008
Individuals of O blood group have significantly lower plasma levels of either Factor VIII (FVIII) or the von Willebrand factor (vWF). Conversely, there is accumulating evidence that elevated FVIII-vWF levels may represent an important risk factor for ischemic heart and venous thromboembolic disease. In this study, individuals exercised for 20 ...
Palayo Patrick - - 2007
The purposes of this review were (1) to review the recent studies conducted in swimming on the assessment of aerobic potential and establishment of exercise-intensity domains (it is important that exercise-intensity domains be accurately defined and their physiological underpinnings well understood to optimize and evaluate training programs); (2) to analyze ...
de Lateur Barbara J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a 12-week exercise program in producing greater improvement in aerobic capacity in adult burn survivors, relative to usual care. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial. SETTING: Burn center. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 35 adult patients admitted to a burn center for treatment of a ...
Arthur Heather M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect and sustainability of 6 months combined aerobic/strength training vs aerobic training alone on quality of life in women after coronary artery by-pass graft surgery or myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Prospective, 2-group, randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who were 8-10 weeks post-coronary artery by-pass graft surgery ...
Verschuren Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an 8-month training program with standardized exercises on aerobic and anaerobic capacity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: Pragmatic randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded outcome evaluation between July 2005 and October 2006. SETTING: Participants were recruited from 4 schools for special ...
Ozyemisci-Taskiran Ozden - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies investigating the effect of exercise on reaction time have yielded contradictory results. Most of the studies use computer based methods to measure reaction time instead of electromyography, yielding total reaction time rather than premotor time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of a single ...
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