Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 638
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Donges Cheyne E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of 10 wk of resistance or aerobic exercise training on interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Further, to determine pretraining and posttraining associations between alterations of IL-6 and CRP and alterations of total body fat mass (TB-FM), intra-abdominal fat mass (IA-FM), and total body lean ...
Lesser Daniel J - - 2010
Is there a correlation between the 6-min walk and aerobic fitness in children? We studied healthy and cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects age 8-20 years using the 6-min walk test, treadmill graded exercise stress test, and spirometry. Six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and the product of 6MWD and body weight (6MWORK) were ...
Pajonk Frank-Gerald - - 2010
CONTEXT: Hippocampal volume is lower than expected in patients with schizophrenia; however, whether this represents a fixed deficit is uncertain. Exercise is a stimulus to hippocampal plasticity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hippocampal volume would increase with exercise in humans and whether this effect would be related to improved aerobic fitness. ...
Williams Craig A - - 2010
Physical activity and exercise training play an important role in the clinical management of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Exercise training is more common and recognized as an essential part of rehabilitation programmes and overall CF care. Regular exercise training is associated with improved aerobic and anaerobic capacity, higher pulmonary ...
Klimek Andrzej T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of whole body cryostimulation on aerobic and anaerobic capacities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To test the hypothesis that whole body cryostimulation improves physical capacity, thirty subjects (fifteen males and fifteen females) undertook two ergocycle trials before and after the ten ...
van Doorn Nancy - - 2010
Purpose. The aim of this article was to review the evidence for using exercise programs to improve pulmonary function and fitness in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Method. Electronic databases - Medline, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched with terms 'CF' and keywords ...
Baker Laura D - - 2010
To examine the effects of aerobic exercise on cognition and other biomarkers associated with Alzheimer disease pathology for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, and assess the role of sex as a predictor of response. Six-month, randomized, controlled, clinical trial. Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System clinical research unit. ...
Lee Stuart M C - - 2010
Bed rest is a well-accepted model for spaceflight in which the physiologic adaptations, particularly in the cardiovascular system, are studied and potential countermeasures can be tested. Bed rest without countermeasures results in reduced aerobic capacity and altered submaximal exercise responses. Aerobic endurance and factors which may impact prolonged exercise, however, ...
Ng Cindy L W - - 2010
Is progressive resistance training as effective as aerobic training of similar duration in sedentary older adults with diabetes mellitus? A randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. Sixty people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus with glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) between 8% and 10% in the past month. One ...
Byars Allyn - - 2010
Pre-exercise sports drinks (PRX) are commonly used as ergogenic aids in athletic competitions requiring aerobic power. However, in most cases, claims regarding their effectiveness have not been substantiated. In addition, the ingredients in PRX products must be deemed acceptable by the athletic governing bodies that regulate their use in training ...
Andriolo Régis B - - 2010
Although physical fitness has been suggested to improve physical and psychosocial health for a variety of population profiles, there is a lack of information about the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise for adults with Down syndrome. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aerobic exercise training programmes for physiological ...
O'Brien Kelly - - 2010
Access to combination antiretroviral therapy has turned HIV into a chronic and manageable disease for many. This increased chronicity has been mirrored by increased prevalence of health-related challenges experienced by people living with HIV (Rusch 2004). Exercise is a key strategy for people living with HIV and by rehabilitation professionals ...
Jones Lee W - - 2010
The Exercise Intensity Trial (EXcITe) is a randomized trial to compare the efficacy of supervised moderate-intensity aerobic training to moderate to high-intensity aerobic training, relative to attention control, on aerobic capacity, physiologic mechanisms, patient-reported outcomes, and biomarkers in women with operable breast cancer following the completion of definitive adjuvant therapy. ...
Kapur G - - 2010
We retrospectively analysed acute radiation toxicity data for patients who had participated in a randomised controlled study in our centre in order to assess the impact of aerobic exercise on acute rectal and bladder morbidity during treatment. Data from 65 of 66 patients were analysed: 33 allocated into a control ...
Reid R D - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The Diabetes Aerobic and Resistance Exercise (DARE) study showed that aerobic and resistance exercise training each improved glycaemic control and that a combination of both was superior to either type alone in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here we report effects on patient-reported health status and well-being in ...
Shiotani Hideyuki - - 2009
Although the effects of aerobic exercise on resting heart rate, heart rate variability, and blood pressure have been investigated, there are scant data on the effects of aerobic exercise on the circadian rhythm of such cardiovascular parameters. In this study, we investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on the 24 ...
Martins R A - - 2009
As people age, they experience a decline in immune responses. Unusually heavy acute or chronic exercise could increase the risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) whereas regular moderate physical activity may reduce URTI symptomatology. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether an aerobic exercise program would ...
Schneider Suzanne M - - 2009
PURPOSE: Exercise prescriptions for spaceflight include aerobic and resistive countermeasures, yet few studies have evaluated their combined effects on exercise responses after real or simulated microgravity. We hypothesized that upright aerobic capacity (VO2pk) is protected during a 60-d bed rest (BR) in which intermittent (40%-80% pre-BR VO2pk) aerobic exercise (supine ...
Di Mauro D - - 2009
Non-alcoholic steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease [NAFLD]), now considered a metabolic pathway to advanced liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, can also be explained by physical inactivity and increased dietary fat intake. No established treatment exists for this potentially serious disorder. The authors present the case of a 29-year-old man ...
Hand Gregory A - - 2009
Individuals infected with HIV experience numerous comorbidities caused by the disease progression and medications, lack of (or inability to perform) physical activity, malnutrition, or a combination of these causes. Common symptoms include loss of muscle mass, fatigue, lypodystrophy, lypoatrophy, and decreases in strength, functional capacity, and overall quality of life. ...
Goh K P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse the association between the ACE ID polymorphism and aerobic capacity in a homogeneous cohort of national Asian rugby players. METHODS: 17 subjects recruited during active training had their maximal oxygen uptake (V0 2 max) and ventilatory threshold (VT) measured during maximal ...
Dinler Mustafa - - 2009
The aim of this study is to investigate relation between cardiopulmonary performance and muscular microcirculation in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Twenty-one female sedentary patients who were diagnosed as FMS, and 15 sedentary females were enrolled in to the study. All participants underwent a modified Bruce multistage maximal treadmill protocol ...
Yoshizawa Mutsuko - - 2009
Central arterial compliance plays an important role in the functional abilities of the vasculature. Two active tripeptides, valine-proline-proline and isoleucine-proline-proline, were isolated from sour milk and were referred to as lactotripeptides (LTP). Because LTP appears to act as an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, it is plausible to hypothesize that LTP improves ...
Lanza Ian R - - 2010
Average human life expectancy has progressively increased over many decades largely due to improvements in nutrition, vaccination, antimicrobial agents, and effective treatment/prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, etc. Maximal life span, in contrast, has changed very little. Caloric restriction (CR) increases maximal life span in many species, in concert with improvements ...
Seals Douglas R - - 2009
Age is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and this is attributable in part to stiffening of large elastic arteries and development of vascular endothelial dysfunction (e.g. impaired endothelium-dependent dilatation, EDD). In contrast, regular aerobic exercise is associated with reduced risk of CVD. Endurance exercise-trained middle-aged/older adults demonstrate ...
Shaw Ina - - 2009
While aerobic training and, to a lesser degree, resistance training are known to reduce blood concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), little is known about the effects of a combination of aerobic and resistance training on LDL-C concentrations. The aim of the investigation was to examine the effects of 16 ...
Oliveira N C - - 2009
Several studies have established that systemic sclerosis patients have a reduced exercise capacity when compared to healthy individuals. It is relevant to evaluate whether aerobic exercise in systemic sclerosis patients is a safe and effective intervention to improve aerobic capacity. Seven patients without pulmonary impairment and seven healthy controls were ...
Audiffren Michel - - 2009
The immediate and short-term aftereffects of a bout of aerobic exercise on young adults' executive functions were assessed. Sixteen participants performed a Random Number Generation (RNG) task, which measured two aspects of executive function, before, during, and after ergometer cycling exercise. In a separate session, participants completed the same sequence ...
Baynard Tracy - - 2009
The aim of the study is to determine the effects of short-term high-intensity exercise on arterial function and glucose tolerance in obese individuals with and without the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). Obese men and women (BMI > 30 kg/m(2); 39-60 years) with and without MetSyn (MetSyn, n = 13; Non-MetSyn, n ...
Bullitt E - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prior studies suggest that aerobic exercise may reduce both the brain atrophy and the decline in fractional anisotropy observed with advancing age. It is reasonable to hypothesize that exercise-induced changes to the vasculature may underlie these anatomic differences. The purpose of this blinded study was to compare ...
Feairheller Deborah L - - 2009
Oxidative stress that is mediated through NADPH oxidase activity plays a role in the pathology of hypertension, and aerobic exercise training reduces NADPH oxidase activity. The involvement of genetic variation in the p22phox (CYBA) subunit genes in individual oxidative stress responses to aerobic exercise training has yet to be examined ...
Lemos Adriana - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the acute influence of 2 intensities of aerobic exercise on a strength training session in physically active elderly women. Twenty-five women (74.3 +/- 2.8 years) with previous experience in both resistance and aerobic exercise volunteered to perform aerobic activity (60 and 80% ...
van Doorn Nancy - - 2009
Purpose. The aim of this article was to review the evidence for using exercise programs to improve pulmonary function and fitness in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Method. Electronic databases - Medline, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched with terms 'CF' and keywords ...
Quaney Barbara M - - 2009
Cognitive deficits impede stroke recovery. Aerobic exercise (AEX) improves cognitive executive function (EF) processes in healthy individuals, although the learning benefits after stroke are unknown. To understand AEX-induced improvements in EF, motor learning, and mobility poststroke. Following cardiorespiratory testing, 38 chronic stroke survivors were randomized to 2 different groups that ...
Madden Kenneth M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE The relationship between increased arterial stiffness and cardiovascular mortality is well established in type 2 diabetes. We examined whether aerobic exercise could reduce arterial stiffness in older adults with type 2 diabetes complicated by comorbid hypertension and hyperlipidemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 36 older adults (mean ...
Kang Jie - - 2009
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the acute effect of prior resistance training of varying intensities on energy expenditure and substrate utilization during subsequent aerobic exercise. Eleven males and 21 females completed three experimental trials consisting of (1) aerobic exercise only (C), (2) aerobic exercise preceded by a high-intensity ...
Zanuso Silvano - - 2010
The aim is to critically review the more relevant evidence on the interrelationships between exercise and metabolic outcomes. The research questions addressed in the recent specific literature with the most relevant randomized controlled trials, meta-analysis and cohort studies are presented in three domains: aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, combined aerobic and ...
Johnson Liam G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the effects of a combined functional and aerobic exercise program on aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and functional mobility in a group of patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM). METHODS: Aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and functional capacity assessments were conducted on 7 participants with ...
Nikolai Amy L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was (a) to assess the cardiovascular and metabolic responses to water aerobic exercise and (b) to determine if water aerobics exercise meets the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines for improving and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness. METHODS: Fourteen men and women (mean +/- SD ...
Joyce Jennifer - - 2009
This research aimed to investigate the time course effect of a moderate steady-state exercise session on response execution and response inhibition using a stop-task paradigm. Ten participants performed a stop-signal task whilst cycling at a carefully controlled workload intensity (40% of maximal aerobic power), immediately following exercise and 30min after ...
Pontifex Matthew B - - 2009
PURPOSE: The goal of this investigation was to assess the influence of acute bouts of aerobic versus resistance exercise on the executive control of working memory. METHODS: Twenty-one young adult participants completed a cardiorespiratory fitness test and maximal strength tests. On subsequent days, task performance measures of reaction time (RT) ...
Hsieh Lin-Fen LF Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, - - 2009
To compare the effectiveness and safety of supervised aerobic exercise and home aerobic exercise in female Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Single-blind randomized controlled trial. Thirty female Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis were assigned to either supervised aerobic exercise or home aerobic exercise groups. The supervised aerobic exercise programme was ...
Masley Steven - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is believed to prevent cognitive decline and may enhance frontal lobe activity. METHODS: Subjects were 91 healthy adults enrolled in a wellness center. Over a 10 week intervention, controls were aerobically active 0-2 days per week. Half the intervention group was active 3-4 days/week and half 5-7 ...
Angioi M - - 2009
It has been suggested that dancers are less fit compared to other athletes. However, the majority of studies make their arguments based on data deriving mainly from ballet. Therefore, the aim of the current review was to investigate: a) aerobic and anaerobic fitness, muscular strength and body composition characteristics in ...
Sloan Richard P - - 2009
We tested the effect of aerobic exercise on autonomic regulation of the heart in healthy young adults. Healthy, sedentary young adults (n = 149; age = 30.4 +/- 7.53 years) were randomized to receive 12 weeks of either aerobic conditioning or strength training. Primary outcomes were heart rate and RR ...
Daley A J - - 2009
Many women are reluctant to consider HRT as a therapeutic option for menopausal symptoms and are keen to use non-pharmacological treatments. Evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) concerning the effects of aerobic exercise on vasomotor and other menopausal symptoms is limited but what evidence we do have suggests that aerobic ...
Yu Fang - - 2009
Emerging science suggests that aerobic exercise might modify the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and improve cognition. However, there are no clinical practice guidelines for aerobic exercise prescription and training in older adults with AD. A few existing studies showed that older adults with AD can participate in aerobic exercise ...
Amir O - - 2009
AIM: This study was designed to analyze serum oxidative stress (OS) levels in healthy young individuals performing a routine maximal aerobic exercise and to evaluate the correlation between OS levels and physiological parameters. METHODS: Serum OS levels were studied by thermochemiluminescence (TCL) parameters at rest and following maximal aerobic exercise ...
Shaw B S - - 2009
Aerobic and resistance training are often performed concurrently by inactive individuals and those patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation, despite contradictory findings that this mode of training may impair the development of maximal aerobic capacity (VO(2max)). The aim of the study, therefore, was to compare the effects of 16 weeks of aerobic, ...
Kim Do Jun do - - 2009
Surgical patients often show physiological and metabolic distress, muscle weakness, and long hospital stays. Physical conditioning might help recovery. We attempted to identify the most responsive measure of aerobic fitness from a four-week pre-surgical aerobic exercise program (prehabilitation) in patients undergoing major bowel resection. Twenty-one subjects randomized two to one ...
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