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Couto B P - - 2013
The aim of this study was to verify the acute effects of the application of local vibration on upper limbs during resistance training on the number of maximum repetitions, metabolic and hormonal responses. 32 volunteers performed a maximum voluntary contraction test during a lat pulldown exercise. After the test, all ...
Jackson Matthew C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: There is a disagreement surrounding the names of resistance training exercises. The purpose of this study was to survey different professionals regarding the nomenclature of resistance training exercises. 205 participants volunteered for the study, of which 64.9 % were male. Participants self-identified as either Certified Athletic Trainer (AT; 22.4%), ...
Kraemer William J - - 2013
Objective: For many resistance-trained men concerns exist regarding the production of estrogen with the consumption of soy protein when training for muscle strength and size. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of soy and whey protein supplementation on sex hormones following an acute bout of ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2013
Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes may be attenuated by exercise. This study examined whether twenty eight, previously sedentary males (62.5 ± 5.3 years of age; body mass of 89.7 ± 16.4 kg) adhering to the ACSM minimum guidelines for aerobic ...
Verkooijen Kirsten T - - 2013
Possible interactions among exercise self-identity, social comparison and exercise behaviour were explored in a sample of 417 undergraduate students (Mean age = 21.5, SD = 3.0; 73% female). Two models were examined using self-report data; (1) a mediation model which proposed an association between social comparison and exercise behaviour mediated by exercise self-identity and ...
Wilson Jacob M - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of short-term supplementation with the free acid form of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB-FA) on indices of muscle damage, protein breakdown, recovery and hormone status following a high-volume resistance training session in trained athletes. A total of twenty resistance-trained males were recruited ...
Sikorski Eric M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Currently no research has investigated the relationship between muscle damage, hormonal status, and perceived recovery scale (PRS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a high volume training session on PRS and to determine the relationship between levels of testosterone, cortisol and creatine kinase ...
Gorianovas Giedrius - - 2013
This study investigated possible differences using the same stretch-shortening exercise (SSE) protocol on generally accepted monitoring markers (dependent variables: changes in creatine kinase, muscle soreness, and voluntary and electrically evoked torque) in males across three lifespan stages (childhood versus adulthood versus old age). The protocol consisted of 100 intermittent (30 s ...
Watanabe Yuya - - 2013
The authors investigated the effects of low-intensity resistance training on muscle size and strength in older men and women. Thirty-five participants (age 59-76 yr) were randomly assigned to 2 groups and performed low-intensity (50% of 1-repetition maximum) knee-extension and -flexion exercises with either slow movement and tonic force generation (LST; ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2013
Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes can be attenuated by exercise. This study evaluated whether master athletes (MA [n = 20]) would have improved exercise capabilities, anthropometry, and hormone profiles when compared with age-matched sedentary counterparts (S [n = 28]). The MA group was predominantly ...
Frappier Julie - - 2013
To determine energy expenditure in kilocalories (kcal) during sexual activity in young healthy couples in their natural environment and compare it to a session of endurance exercise. THE STUDY POPULATION CONSISTED OF TWENTY ONE HETEROSEXUAL COUPLES (AGE: 22.6 ± 2.8 years old) from the Montreal region. Free living energy expenditure ...
Atlantis Evan E School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, New South Wales, - - 2013
Low testosterone level may be a reversible risk factor for functional disability and deterioration in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We sought to systematically assess the endogenous testosterone levels and effect of testosterone therapy on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in COPD patients, as ...
Goda Akio A Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Center for Surgical Trials and Outcomes Research, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of acute moderate-intensity exercise on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in healthy young Japanese men. BDNF is one of a family of neurotrophic factors involved in neuronal transmission, modulation and plasticity. Previous human-based studies have demonstrated that acute exercise ...
Bouillon Lucinda E - - 2012
Researchers have observed differences in muscle activity patterns between males and females during functional exercises. The research methods employed have used various step heights and lunge distances to assess functional exercise making gender comparisons difficult. The purpose of this study was to examine core and lower extremity muscle activity between ...
Gelfer Marylou Pausewang - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the outcomes of symptomatic voice treatment plus Stemple's vocal function exercises (VFEs) for a group of male-to-female (MTF) transgender (TG) clients seeking voice feminization. Both acoustic and perceptual outcomes were assessed, in addition to the clients' attitudes toward VFE. DESIGN: Prospective treatment study. METHOD: Three MTF ...
Stout Martin M Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of South Manchester, Wythenshawe, Manchester, United - - 2012
This study assessed the feasibility of a 12-week program of exercise, with and without intramuscular testosterone supplementation, in male patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and low testosterone status and collected preliminary data for key health outcomes. Male patients with CHF (n = 41, age 67.2 years, range 51-84 years) ...
Winchester Rachel - - 2012
This study examined the effect of introducing either a male or female observer on the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and affect of male runners during a moderate intensity running task. 10 moderately active men completed three 20-min. moderate intensity running trials at 60% of their peak treadmill running speed. ...
Leporace Gustavo - - 2013
To examine the influence of a preventative training program (PTP) on sagittal plane kinematics during different landing tasks and vertical jump height (VJH) in males. Six weeks prospective exercise intervention. Fifteen male volleyball athletes (13 ± 0.7 years, 1.70 ± 0.12 m, 60 ± 12 kg). PTP consisting of plyometric, balance and core stability exercises three times per ...
Sukalinggam Chandra Lingesh - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term stability ball (SB) training on males and females by comparing the strength changes produced in the core muscles. Forty-two previously untrained subjects, mean age = 23.62 ± 2.89 years were matched by their maximum strength (back strength: male ...
Eniseler Niyazi - - 2012
There are not enough studies that describe the isokinetic strength of professional soccer players at high angular velocities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the seasonal changes in isokinetic strength of Turkish professional soccer players (n=14) over the course of a 24-week soccer season. The isokinetic strength of ...
Østhus Ida Beate Ø - - 2012
Telomeres are potential markers of mitotic cellular age and are associated with physical ageing process. Long-term endurance training and higher aerobic exercise capacity (VO(2max)) are associated with improved survival, and dynamic effects of exercise are evident with ageing. However, the association of telomere length with exercise training and VO(2max) has ...
Júnior Roberto S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 10 weeks of strength training with different number of sets and their influence on flexibility of young men. Sixty men were divided into three groups as follows: group that trained 1 set per exercise (G1S), group that trained 3 ...
Bovi Tommaso - - 2011
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia (PED) is a rare form of dystonia induced by prolonged exercise, usually involving lower limbs. PED has been recently described as a possible clinical manifestation of mutations of SLC2A1 gene, encoding for the glucose transport GLUT-1. We report a case of a young woman with a mild ...
Carlsen K-H - - 2011
This article concerns physical activity and sports in asthmatic adolescents. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is found in 8-10% of the normal child population and in ∼35% of children with current asthma, as reported in a population-based birth cohort study. The mechanisms of EIA are related to markedly increased ventilation during exercise, ...
Sacha Joshua J - - 2011
To review the interaction of environmental factors with host conditions, including atopy, the potential resulting impaired upper and lower airway function, and diagnostic and therapeutic considerations in the athlete. OVID, MEDLINE, and PubMed searches were performed cross-referencing the keywords asthma, athlete, atopy, bronchospasm, exercise, pollution, and rhinitis. Articles were selected ...
Ranalli Gregory F - - 2010
Body cooling has become common in athletics, with numerous studies looking at different cooling modalities and different types of exercise. A search of the literature revealed 14 studies that measured performance following cooling intervention and had acceptable protocols for exercise and performance measures. These studies were objectively analyzed with the ...
Church Timothy S TS Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808-4124, USA. - - 2010
Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination. To examine the benefits of aerobic training alone, resistance training alone, and a combination of both on hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. A randomized controlled ...
Deresz L F - - 2010
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects have increased levels of oxidative stress which could impair immunological function and therefore contribute to the progression of AIDS. These characteristics are usually evaluated at rest and responses to exercise have yet to be evaluated. The aim of the present study was to assess the ...
Larose J - - 2011
In people with type 2 diabetes, exercise improves glucose control (as reflected in HbA₁(c)) and physical fitness, but it is not clear to what extent these exercise-induced improvements are correlated with one another. We hypothesised that reductions in HbA₁(c) would be related: (1) to increases in aerobic fitness and strength ...
Hoffman Jeanne M - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that a structured aerobic exercise regimen would decrease the severity of depressive symptoms in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who reported at least mild depression severity at baseline. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Community gymnasium. Subjects with a history of a prior TBI (6 months to ...
Wedekind Dirk - - 2010
Regular aerobic exercise (running) has been shown to be superior to a pill placebo in the treatment of panic disorder. Combined drug and exercise treatment has not been investigated in randomized controlled studies to date. This is a randomized, 10-week, controlled, parallel group, pilot study. A total of 75 outpatients ...
Yágüez Lidia - - 2011
To explore the effect of a non-aerobic movement based activity on cognition in people with Alzheimer's type dementia (AD). The sample consisted of 27 patients fulfilling the AD ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The patient sample was randomly divided into two groups: The Exercise Group received 6 weeks movement training and comprised ...
Dolan Lianne B - - 2010
Aerobic exercise training (AET) is known to increase RBC production; however, this has not been evaluated in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels in the Supervised Trial of Aerobic versus Resistance Training (START) and to determine ...
Jones Lee W - - 2011
Oxidative stress is postulated to contribute to the initiation, promotion, and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the effects of supervised, moderate-intensity aerobic training on urinary markers of oxidative status in patients with postsurgical NSCLC. Sixteen patients with histologically confirmed stage I-IIIB NSCLC were recruited. Exercise training ...
Hiruntrakul Ashira - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study whether 3-months aerobic exercise training at moderate intensity once a week can increase fitness status in healthy sedentary young men. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomized controlled study was performed in 37 sedentary young men, 18 to 25 years old. The exercise group (19) was assigned to work on ...
Zouhal Hasssane - - 2010
The present study was designed to determine the aerobic and anaerobic energy contributions to 400-m Flat (400 mF) and 400-m hurdles (400 mH) using the accumulated oxygen deficit method. Six nationally ranked athletes, specializing in 400 mH and familiar with 400 mF volunteered to participate in this study. All the ...
Vancampfort Davy - - 2011
Purpose. Worsening of schizophrenia symptoms is related to stress and anxiety. People with schizophrenia often experience difficulties in coping with stress and possess a limited repertoire of coping strategies. A randomised comparative trial was undertaken in patients with schizophrenia to evaluate changes in state anxiety, psychological stress and subjective well-being after ...
Gordon Brett A - - 2010
to investigate the differential effects of aerobic graded exercise and progressive resistance training on exercise tolerance, fatigue and quality of life in adolescent patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial. a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. twenty-two adolescents aged 13-18 years diagnosed with CFS and ...
Baillet Athan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Several lines of evidence have emphasized an improvement in aerobic capacity and muscle strength after physical exercise programs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of aerobic exercises in RA on quality of life, function, and clinical and radiologic outcomes by a systematic literature ...
Lambourne Kate - - 2010
PURPOSE: The immediate and delayed effects of a single bout of steady-state aerobic exercise on 19 young adults' (mean = 21.1 yr) sensory sensitivity (critical flicker fusion, CFF) and executive function (modified Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task, PASAT) were assessed. METHODS: Tests were performed before exercise, five times during 40 ...
Shaw I - - 2010
This study was designed to compare the effects of aerobic and concurrent aerobic and resistance training on their ability to slow the rate of development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD) in young adult males at low risk, as determined by the Framingham risk assessment (FRA) score. Subjects were ...
Madden Kenneth M KM VITALiTY (Vancouver Initiative to Add Life to Years) Research Laboratory, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. - - 2010
Lowered baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) predicts mortality and occurs with increasing age and diabetes. We examined whether aerobic exercise could restore arterial BRS in adults at high cardiovascular risk (diabetes, geriatric age group, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension). Randomized, controlled, single-blind study. VITALiTY (Vancouver Initiative to Add Life to Years) Research Laboratory. Thirty-nine ...
Konopka Adam R - - 2010
We have recently shown that 12 weeks of progressive aerobic exercise training improves whole-muscle size and function in older women. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate molecular markers that may be associated with muscle hypertrophy after aerobic training in aging skeletal muscle. Muscle biopsies were obtained before and ...
Passos Giselle S - - 2010
The aim was to assess and to compare the acute effects of three different modalities of physical exercise on sleep pattern of patients with chronic primary insomnia. Forty-eight insomnia patients, 38 female (mean age 44.4 +/- 8 y) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: control (CTR, n=12), moderate-intensity aerobic exercise ...
Brown Richard A - - 2010
Intervention to increase exercise in drug dependent patients represents a potentially useful yet unexplored strategy for preventing relapse. However, there are currently no established exercise interventions for use with this population. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility of aerobic exercise as an adjunct to substance ...
Pesce Caterina - - 2011
Background: Research on visual attention control of older road cyclists, who represent a subgroup of traffic participants, is still scarce and studies on their attentional performance while cycling are completely lacking. Objective: The present study assessed whether attention control performance of older individuals with a history of participation in road ...
Kane Irene - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use a match-mismatch paradigm to examine children's exercise discomfort during an aerobic shuttle run. METHODS: Thirty-four middle school females (n = 18) and males (n = 16) aged 11-14 yr participated. An Exercise Discomfort Index (EDI) was calculated as a rating of ...
Arena Ross - - 2010
The four traditional vital signs: resting heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and body temperature, serve as the cornerstone of a physical examination. Other assessments such as pain have been proposed as additional vital signs. To this point however, there has been limited consideration for aerobic exercise assessment as a ...
Stewart Laura K - - 2010
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical activity has been inversely associated with CRP. However, the clinical trials examining the effect of exercise training have produced conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence an exercise training program on ...
Thomas Eric N - - 2010
The objective of the study was to determine the current evidence to support guidelines for aerobic exercise (AE) and fibromyalgia (FM) in practice, and to outline specific research needs in these areas. Data sources consisted of a PubMed search, 2007 Cochrane Data Base Systematic review, 2008 Ottawa panel evidence-based clinical ...
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