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Results 51 - 100 of 623
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Sukalinggam Chandra Lingesh - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term stability ball (SB) training on males and females by comparing the strength changes produced in the core muscles. Forty-two previously untrained subjects, mean age = 23.62 ± 2.89 years were matched by their maximum strength (back strength: male ...
Eniseler Niyazi - - 2012
There are not enough studies that describe the isokinetic strength of professional soccer players at high angular velocities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the seasonal changes in isokinetic strength of Turkish professional soccer players (n=14) over the course of a 24-week soccer season. The isokinetic strength of ...
Østhus Ida Beate Ø - - 2012
Telomeres are potential markers of mitotic cellular age and are associated with physical ageing process. Long-term endurance training and higher aerobic exercise capacity (VO(2max)) are associated with improved survival, and dynamic effects of exercise are evident with ageing. However, the association of telomere length with exercise training and VO(2max) has ...
Júnior Roberto S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 10 weeks of strength training with different number of sets and their influence on flexibility of young men. Sixty men were divided into three groups as follows: group that trained 1 set per exercise (G1S), group that trained 3 ...
Bovi Tommaso - - 2011
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia (PED) is a rare form of dystonia induced by prolonged exercise, usually involving lower limbs. PED has been recently described as a possible clinical manifestation of mutations of SLC2A1 gene, encoding for the glucose transport GLUT-1. We report a case of a young woman with a mild ...
Carlsen K-H - - 2011
This article concerns physical activity and sports in asthmatic adolescents. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is found in 8-10% of the normal child population and in ∼35% of children with current asthma, as reported in a population-based birth cohort study. The mechanisms of EIA are related to markedly increased ventilation during exercise, ...
Sacha Joshua J - - 2011
To review the interaction of environmental factors with host conditions, including atopy, the potential resulting impaired upper and lower airway function, and diagnostic and therapeutic considerations in the athlete. OVID, MEDLINE, and PubMed searches were performed cross-referencing the keywords asthma, athlete, atopy, bronchospasm, exercise, pollution, and rhinitis. Articles were selected ...
Ranalli Gregory F - - 2010
Body cooling has become common in athletics, with numerous studies looking at different cooling modalities and different types of exercise. A search of the literature revealed 14 studies that measured performance following cooling intervention and had acceptable protocols for exercise and performance measures. These studies were objectively analyzed with the ...
Church Timothy S - - 2010
Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination. To examine the benefits of aerobic training alone, resistance training alone, and a combination of both on hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. A randomized controlled ...
Deresz L F - - 2010
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects have increased levels of oxidative stress which could impair immunological function and therefore contribute to the progression of AIDS. These characteristics are usually evaluated at rest and responses to exercise have yet to be evaluated. The aim of the present study was to assess the ...
Larose J - - 2011
In people with type 2 diabetes, exercise improves glucose control (as reflected in HbA₁(c)) and physical fitness, but it is not clear to what extent these exercise-induced improvements are correlated with one another. We hypothesised that reductions in HbA₁(c) would be related: (1) to increases in aerobic fitness and strength ...
Hoffman Jeanne M - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that a structured aerobic exercise regimen would decrease the severity of depressive symptoms in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who reported at least mild depression severity at baseline. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Community gymnasium. Subjects with a history of a prior TBI (6 months to ...
Wedekind Dirk - - 2010
Regular aerobic exercise (running) has been shown to be superior to a pill placebo in the treatment of panic disorder. Combined drug and exercise treatment has not been investigated in randomized controlled studies to date. This is a randomized, 10-week, controlled, parallel group, pilot study. A total of 75 outpatients ...
Yágüez Lidia - - 2011
To explore the effect of a non-aerobic movement based activity on cognition in people with Alzheimer's type dementia (AD). The sample consisted of 27 patients fulfilling the AD ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The patient sample was randomly divided into two groups: The Exercise Group received 6 weeks movement training and comprised ...
Dolan Lianne B - - 2010
Aerobic exercise training (AET) is known to increase RBC production; however, this has not been evaluated in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels in the Supervised Trial of Aerobic versus Resistance Training (START) and to determine ...
Jones Lee W - - 2011
Oxidative stress is postulated to contribute to the initiation, promotion, and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the effects of supervised, moderate-intensity aerobic training on urinary markers of oxidative status in patients with postsurgical NSCLC. Sixteen patients with histologically confirmed stage I-IIIB NSCLC were recruited. Exercise training ...
Hiruntrakul Ashira - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study whether 3-months aerobic exercise training at moderate intensity once a week can increase fitness status in healthy sedentary young men. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomized controlled study was performed in 37 sedentary young men, 18 to 25 years old. The exercise group (19) was assigned to work on ...
Zouhal Hasssane - - 2010
The present study was designed to determine the aerobic and anaerobic energy contributions to 400-m Flat (400 mF) and 400-m hurdles (400 mH) using the accumulated oxygen deficit method. Six nationally ranked athletes, specializing in 400 mH and familiar with 400 mF volunteered to participate in this study. All the ...
Vancampfort Davy - - 2011
Purpose. Worsening of schizophrenia symptoms is related to stress and anxiety. People with schizophrenia often experience difficulties in coping with stress and possess a limited repertoire of coping strategies. A randomised comparative trial was undertaken in patients with schizophrenia to evaluate changes in state anxiety, psychological stress and subjective well-being after ...
Gordon Brett A - - 2010
to investigate the differential effects of aerobic graded exercise and progressive resistance training on exercise tolerance, fatigue and quality of life in adolescent patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial. a major metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. twenty-two adolescents aged 13-18 years diagnosed with CFS and ...
Baillet Athan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Several lines of evidence have emphasized an improvement in aerobic capacity and muscle strength after physical exercise programs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of aerobic exercises in RA on quality of life, function, and clinical and radiologic outcomes by a systematic literature ...
Lambourne Kate - - 2010
PURPOSE: The immediate and delayed effects of a single bout of steady-state aerobic exercise on 19 young adults' (mean = 21.1 yr) sensory sensitivity (critical flicker fusion, CFF) and executive function (modified Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task, PASAT) were assessed. METHODS: Tests were performed before exercise, five times during 40 ...
Shaw I - - 2010
This study was designed to compare the effects of aerobic and concurrent aerobic and resistance training on their ability to slow the rate of development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD) in young adult males at low risk, as determined by the Framingham risk assessment (FRA) score. Subjects were ...
Madden Kenneth M KM VITALiTY (Vancouver Initiative to Add Life to Years) Research Laboratory, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. - - 2010
Lowered baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) predicts mortality and occurs with increasing age and diabetes. We examined whether aerobic exercise could restore arterial BRS in adults at high cardiovascular risk (diabetes, geriatric age group, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension). Randomized, controlled, single-blind study. VITALiTY (Vancouver Initiative to Add Life to Years) Research Laboratory. Thirty-nine ...
Konopka Adam R - - 2010
We have recently shown that 12 weeks of progressive aerobic exercise training improves whole-muscle size and function in older women. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate molecular markers that may be associated with muscle hypertrophy after aerobic training in aging skeletal muscle. Muscle biopsies were obtained before and ...
Passos Giselle S - - 2010
The aim was to assess and to compare the acute effects of three different modalities of physical exercise on sleep pattern of patients with chronic primary insomnia. Forty-eight insomnia patients, 38 female (mean age 44.4 +/- 8 y) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: control (CTR, n=12), moderate-intensity aerobic exercise ...
Brown Richard A - - 2010
Intervention to increase exercise in drug dependent patients represents a potentially useful yet unexplored strategy for preventing relapse. However, there are currently no established exercise interventions for use with this population. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility of aerobic exercise as an adjunct to substance ...
Pesce Caterina - - 2011
Background: Research on visual attention control of older road cyclists, who represent a subgroup of traffic participants, is still scarce and studies on their attentional performance while cycling are completely lacking. Objective: The present study assessed whether attention control performance of older individuals with a history of participation in road ...
Kane Irene - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use a match-mismatch paradigm to examine children's exercise discomfort during an aerobic shuttle run. METHODS: Thirty-four middle school females (n = 18) and males (n = 16) aged 11-14 yr participated. An Exercise Discomfort Index (EDI) was calculated as a rating of ...
Arena Ross - - 2010
The four traditional vital signs: resting heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and body temperature, serve as the cornerstone of a physical examination. Other assessments such as pain have been proposed as additional vital signs. To this point however, there has been limited consideration for aerobic exercise assessment as a ...
Stewart Laura K - - 2010
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical activity has been inversely associated with CRP. However, the clinical trials examining the effect of exercise training have produced conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence an exercise training program on ...
Thomas Eric N - - 2010
The objective of the study was to determine the current evidence to support guidelines for aerobic exercise (AE) and fibromyalgia (FM) in practice, and to outline specific research needs in these areas. Data sources consisted of a PubMed search, 2007 Cochrane Data Base Systematic review, 2008 Ottawa panel evidence-based clinical ...
Smith Patrick J - - 2010
To assess the effects of aerobic exercise training on neurocognitive performance. Although the effects of exercise on neurocognition have been the subject of several previous reviews and meta-analyses, they have been hampered by methodological shortcomings and are now outdated as a result of the recent publication of several large-scale, randomized, ...
Tierney Matthew T - - 2010
Accurate assessments of aerobic capacity are essential to ensuring the health and well-being of firefighters, given their arduous and stressful working conditions. The use of a submaximal protocol, if proven accurate, addresses concerns such as administrative cost, time, and ease of test performance. The purposes of this study were to ...
Albinet Cédric T - - 2010
This study examined the effects of two short physical training programs on various parameters of heart rate variability (HRV) and on executive performance in older people. Twenty-four sedentary men and women aged 65-78 years were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise program or a stretching program three times a week ...
Donges Cheyne E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of 10 wk of resistance or aerobic exercise training on interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Further, to determine pretraining and posttraining associations between alterations of IL-6 and CRP and alterations of total body fat mass (TB-FM), intra-abdominal fat mass (IA-FM), and total body lean ...
Lesser Daniel J - - 2010
Is there a correlation between the 6-min walk and aerobic fitness in children? We studied healthy and cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects age 8-20 years using the 6-min walk test, treadmill graded exercise stress test, and spirometry. Six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and the product of 6MWD and body weight (6MWORK) were ...
Pajonk Frank-Gerald - - 2010
CONTEXT: Hippocampal volume is lower than expected in patients with schizophrenia; however, whether this represents a fixed deficit is uncertain. Exercise is a stimulus to hippocampal plasticity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hippocampal volume would increase with exercise in humans and whether this effect would be related to improved aerobic fitness. ...
Williams Craig A - - 2010
Physical activity and exercise training play an important role in the clinical management of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Exercise training is more common and recognized as an essential part of rehabilitation programmes and overall CF care. Regular exercise training is associated with improved aerobic and anaerobic capacity, higher pulmonary ...
Klimek Andrzej T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of whole body cryostimulation on aerobic and anaerobic capacities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To test the hypothesis that whole body cryostimulation improves physical capacity, thirty subjects (fifteen males and fifteen females) undertook two ergocycle trials before and after the ten ...
van Doorn Nancy - - 2010
Purpose. The aim of this article was to review the evidence for using exercise programs to improve pulmonary function and fitness in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Method. Electronic databases - Medline, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched with terms 'CF' and keywords ...
Baker Laura D - - 2010
To examine the effects of aerobic exercise on cognition and other biomarkers associated with Alzheimer disease pathology for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, and assess the role of sex as a predictor of response. Six-month, randomized, controlled, clinical trial. Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System clinical research unit. ...
Lee Stuart M C - - 2010
Bed rest is a well-accepted model for spaceflight in which the physiologic adaptations, particularly in the cardiovascular system, are studied and potential countermeasures can be tested. Bed rest without countermeasures results in reduced aerobic capacity and altered submaximal exercise responses. Aerobic endurance and factors which may impact prolonged exercise, however, ...
Ng Cindy L W - - 2010
Is progressive resistance training as effective as aerobic training of similar duration in sedentary older adults with diabetes mellitus? A randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. Sixty people with Type 2 diabetes mellitus with glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) between 8% and 10% in the past month. One ...
Byars Allyn - - 2010
Pre-exercise sports drinks (PRX) are commonly used as ergogenic aids in athletic competitions requiring aerobic power. However, in most cases, claims regarding their effectiveness have not been substantiated. In addition, the ingredients in PRX products must be deemed acceptable by the athletic governing bodies that regulate their use in training ...
Andriolo Régis B - - 2010
Although physical fitness has been suggested to improve physical and psychosocial health for a variety of population profiles, there is a lack of information about the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise for adults with Down syndrome. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aerobic exercise training programmes for physiological ...
O'Brien Kelly - - 2010
Access to combination antiretroviral therapy has turned HIV into a chronic and manageable disease for many. This increased chronicity has been mirrored by increased prevalence of health-related challenges experienced by people living with HIV (Rusch 2004). Exercise is a key strategy for people living with HIV and by rehabilitation professionals ...
Jones Lee W - - 2010
The Exercise Intensity Trial (EXcITe) is a randomized trial to compare the efficacy of supervised moderate-intensity aerobic training to moderate to high-intensity aerobic training, relative to attention control, on aerobic capacity, physiologic mechanisms, patient-reported outcomes, and biomarkers in women with operable breast cancer following the completion of definitive adjuvant therapy. ...
Kapur G - - 2010
We retrospectively analysed acute radiation toxicity data for patients who had participated in a randomised controlled study in our centre in order to assess the impact of aerobic exercise on acute rectal and bladder morbidity during treatment. Data from 65 of 66 patients were analysed: 33 allocated into a control ...
Reid R D - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The Diabetes Aerobic and Resistance Exercise (DARE) study showed that aerobic and resistance exercise training each improved glycaemic control and that a combination of both was superior to either type alone in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here we report effects on patient-reported health status and well-being in ...
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