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Results 451 - 500 of 623
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Rankinen T - - 1995
The influence of acute bouts of dynamic exercise on plasma tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) and fibrinogen was investigated on nine healthy non-smoking men aged 23 to 37 years. Subjects performed maximal and two submaximal (duration 30 min, intensity 50% [aerobic threshold] and 78% [anaerobic threshold]VO2max) bicycle ...
McClelland G - - 1995
The goals of this study were to determine: (i) whether mammals mobilize particular nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) preferentially during locomotion, (ii) if differences in aerobic capacity or diet can affect the pattern of NEFA mobilization and (iii) which individual NEFA are most representative of total NEFA concentration changes, to use ...
Potempa K - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In hemiparetic individuals, low endurance to exercise may compound the increased energy cost of movement and contribute to poor rehabilitation outcomes. The purpose of this investigation was to describe how hemiparetic stroke patients responded to intense exercise and aerobic training. METHODS: Forty-two subjects were randomly assigned to ...
Williams C - - 1995
Quality of life is closely linked to our ability to meet the exercise challenges imposed on us by our daily round of activities and those we select as leisure time activities. Aerobic metabolism of fat and carbohydrates provides the energy to support our activities. An increase in aerobic capacity extends ...
Altchiler L - - 1994
The effects of aerobic and nonaerobic exercise on employee state and trait anxiety levels, absenteeism, job satisfaction, and resting heart rate were investigated within a worksite setting. Results indicated that aerobic subjects significantly reduced their state anxiety levels over a single exercise session. Post-exercise state anxiety decreased over the 8 ...
Schmied L A - - 1994
The Type A behaviour pattern is a well-documented, if controversial, risk factor for coronary heart disease. Surprisingly, relatively little work has been reported on ways of modifying this behaviour pattern. Aerobic exercise, with its demonstrated benefits for both cardiovascular reactivity and psychological 'well-being', is a promising treatment. The literature is ...
LaPerriere A - - 1994
This study was conducted to determine the effects of an aerobic exercise training program on subpopulations of lymphocyte phenotypes. Fourteen healthy but sedentary males, 18-40 years of age, were randomly assigned to either an aerobic exercise training or control condition. Aerobic exercise training consisted of three 45-minute sessions of cycle ...
Hill D W - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of one night's sleep loss on the performance of high-intensity exercise and on the contribution of anaerobic and aerobic energy systems to the exercise. Seven males and seven females performed an all-out cycling exercise test during baseline testing and then ...
Allan S J - - 1994
Step aerobic classes are at present one of the most popular forms of exercise undertaken by young adults. To date no dermatological abnormalities have been described in people regularly performing step aerobics. We describe a case in which a healthy young woman developed an extensive pigmented purpuric eruption 4 weeks ...
Clapp J F JF - - 1994
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that there are regimen-specific differences in the thermal, metabolic, and cardiovascular responses of nonpregnant women when they perform their chosen type of aerobics at their usual performance level. Thirty-six instructors and 53 participants were studied while performing their chosen aerobics regimen under ...
Fisher N M - - 1994
Maximal aerobic power and muscle function have been shown to decrease with age and to be even lower in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). This study was designed to determine if subjects with OA who underwent only a muscle exercise program had improved exercise capacity and cardiovascular fitness. A maximal graded ...
Brennan G P - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: This study determined whether lumbar discectomy patients could endure an aerobic exercise program sufficient to achieve a training effect, and whether any functional advantages were derived. METHODS: Trained volunteers (n = 19) were compared with untrained control subjects (n = 18) after a 12-week aerobic and rehabilitation exercise ...
Weintraub M I - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that repetitive jarring traumas from the performance of high impact aerobic (HIA) exercises injuries the delicate otoliths and cochlea producing a syndrome of vertigo, tinnitus, balance dysfunction and hearing loss. DESIGN: Cohort study with descriptive analysis of 30 symptomatic subjects who only perform HIA. Age, ...
Ytterberg S R - - 1994
The data available indicate that ROM, strengthening and aerobic conditioning exercises are safe for patients with OA, RA or AS, despite earlier concerns that exercise might exacerbate joint symptoms or accelerate disease. Less clear are the therapeutic benefits of exercise. In patients with OA, stretching, strengthening, and aerobic conditioning programmes ...
Chandler T J - - 1994
Aerobic fitness and aerobic endurance are two separate components of aerobic metabolism. Aerobic fitness, best measured by VO2max, is a measure of oxygen transport and utilization. Aerobic endurance is not measured in a VO2max test because it does not measure the ability of the muscle to perform prolonged work. Endurance ...
Green S - - 1994
The purpose of this paper is both to define terms used in exercise physiology, i.e. anaerobic capacity, anaerobic work capacity and anaerobic potential, and develop a systems perspective of anaerobic capacity. Philosophical argument is used to support the proposed definitions and systems view, which is an approach to assist in ...
Asmundson G J - - 1994
Weekly aerobic exercise frequency was evaluated and compared to resting cardiovascular measures in 22 patients with panic disorder, 11 patients with social phobia and 24 healthy control subjects. There were no diagnostic differences in resting cardiovascular activity or levels of habitual aerobic exercise. However, it was evident that, regardless of ...
Hackney A C - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to compare the daytime hourly responses of total thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) during an 8-hour recovery period following aerobic and anaerobic exercise to an equivalent non-exercise, control period. The data were examined for hourly mean differences as well as by determination of the ...
Bell W - - 1994
Physiological and anthropometric measurements were taken on 21 members of an under-21 international squad of mean age 18.9 years. The aims of the investigation were (i) to examine the physiological status of players according to playing unit; and (ii) to quantify the changes arising from a four-month training programme. Maximal/peak ...
Bell J M - - 1994
The oxygen uptake and heart rate in various styles of dance and in a graded step test have been compared in ten healthy women aged [mean (SD)] 34 (5) years. Dance was choreographed into progressively more energetic sequences typical of community classes, and videotaped. Oxygen uptake was assessed using a ...
Mirbod S M - - 1994
Noise levels were evaluated before and during aerobic sessions in 3 aerobic studios. In addition, hearing threshold levels (HTLs) of 10 female aerobic instructors with the mean (+/- SD) ages of 25.4 (+/- 2.4) years were measured before and 2 min after an aerobic session. The mean (+/- SD) of ...
Michaud T J - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to compare ground reaction forces (vertical and lateral) produced during commonly used high and low impact aerobic dance maneuvers. Eight experienced aerobic dance instructors were the volunteer subjects. During the first session, three subjects were videotaped performing 10 high and 10 low impact maneuvers ...
Grant S - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological and psychological responses to a university fitness session entitled 'popmobility'. A popmobility session consists of 20 min of aerobic activities, 5 min of local muscular endurance exercises and 5 min of flexibility exercises. Ten regular participants of these sessions, women ...
Hartung G H - - 1993
Aerobic physical fitness, as determined by the body's maximal capacity to utilize oxygen (VO2max) during demanding work, is an important determinant of a person's ability to perform many military tasks. The present 2.4 km (1.5 mi) run has not proven itself capable of accurately estimating this important factor on a ...
de Geus E J - - 1993
This study assessed the association of aerobic fitness with psychological make-up and physiological stress-reactivity in a group of untrained men, as well as the effects of 4 and 8 months of exercise training on these parameters. Psychological assessment included questionnaires on personality (Neuroticism, Type A, Hostility), coping styles (Anger In, ...
Silverthorn K H - - 1993
Adults with Prader Willi syndrome were subdivided into an experimental group (n = 6) and a control group (n = 5) to determine the effects of an aerobic exercise program. Their resting heart rate, aerobic capacity, body fat percentage, body weight, and somatotype were determined. Participants in a 6-month walking ...
Weber J M - - 1993
Glycerol kinetics and total fatty acid (FA) oxidation of trained African pygmy goats were measured by continuous infusion of [2-3H]glycerol and indirect calorimetry during treadmill exercise at 40, 60, and 85% maximal O2 consumption (VO2max). Our main goals were 1) to determine whether rates of FA mobilization and utilization are ...
Reading J L - - 1993
The relationship between peak aerobic power and a strain-gauge determination of local skeletal muscle vascular conductance 10-13 s after calf exercise to fatigue was examined in 21 middle-aged adults (age 38.1 +/- 2.5 yr): seven physically active men (A), seven sedentary men (S), and six men and one woman with ...
Medelli J - - 1993
The maximal aerobic capacity and the aerobic-anaerobic transition were analyzed on 14 triathletes performing an incremental work load on a bicycle ergometer and on horizontal or inclined treadmills. To compared the cardiorespiratory responses between cycling and running, the subjects were divided into 2 groups of 7 with similar aerobic capacity ...
Mercier B - - 1993
The purpose of this investigation was to compare anaerobic and aerobic components measured during arm exercise in sprint and middle-distance swimmers and to investigate whether the peak anaerobic power:peak aerobic power ratio (W(an),peak:Waer,peak) was related to specialization for the event and to performance. The W(an0,peak, force at zero velocity (F0), ...
Dolan J W - - 1993
Twenty-four subjects were studied to determine the effect of a 12-week program of aerobic exercise on the rate of daytime aqueous humor flow. Exercise increased the maximum oxygen consumption from 36 +/- 1.6 (mean +/- SE) to 40 +/- 2.2 ml/kg/min. No changes in resting intraocular pressure (12.4 +/- 0.44 ...
Boutcher S H - - 1993
The authors examined cardiac response to repeated exposure to a psychological stressor of aerobically conditioned (n = 15) and unconditioned subjects (n = 15). Heart rate and electrocardiographic T-wave amplitude responses of 10 trials of the Stroop Test were monitored during and after performance. Both groups' adaptation patterns were similar, ...
Steege J F - - 1993
The effects of aerobic exercise and strength training on premenstrual symptoms were evaluated in 23 healthy premenopausal women. Premenstrual symptoms were assessed at baseline and following 3 months of exercise participation. Women who engaged in aerobic exercise significantly increased their aerobic capacity, while the women who participated in non-aerobic exercise ...
Skrinar G S - - 1992
Previous work has indicated improvement for scores on self-reported measures of body consciousness as aerobic fitness increased. To test whether exercise sufficient to improve aerobic fitness must be sustained on a regular basis to achieve positive changes in body consciousness, two separate periods of exercise training of 2 or 3 ...
Hill D W - - 1992
This study evaluated the effect of time of day on performance of high-intensity, constant-power cycle ergometry by both men and women. Subjects performed all-out cycle ergometer tests in the morning and in the afternoon in randomized order. For all tests, work rate was a constant 5.0 W.kg-1 (women, n = ...
Rone J K - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: We studied the relationship between endurance training, aerobic capacity, and T3 metabolism in healthy euthyroid men. DESIGN: T3 kinetic studies performed on two groups of subjects differentiated on the basis of physical activity status and aerobic capacity. SUBJECTS: Five endurance-trained athletes and five sedentary controls (mean +/- SD VO2 ...
Veale D - - 1992
Two clinical trials have been conducted in a sample of depressed patients to determine whether the addition of an aerobic exercise programme to their usual treatment improved outcome after 12 weeks. In the first trial, an aerobic exercise group had a superior outcome compared with a control group in terms ...
Wosornu D - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of aerobic and power exercise training on haemostatic factors after coronary artery surgery and to compare the effect of the two exercise programmes. DESIGN: A prospective randomised controlled study of six months aerobic and power exercise training in men after coronary artery surgery. SETTING: Exercise ...
Berry M J - - 1992
Aerobic dance has been reported to result in a disproportionately higher heart rate than running at a similar percent of VO2max. It has been suggested that the extensive use of the arms overhead during aerobic dance results in an increase in sympathetic outflow thereby disproportionately increasing the heart rate. To ...
Koltyn K F - - 1992
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effectiveness of using ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) with heart rate in the monitoring of exercise intensity during aerobic dance instruction. Thirty-eight students who enrolled in aerobic dance classes used heart rate to monitor exercise intensity while 38 additional students used ...
Garber C E - - 1992
In order to compare the physiological effects of an 8 week aerobic dance program to those of a walk-jog exercise training program, 60 male and female University employees ages 24-48 years were randomly assigned to an aerobic dance program (N = 22), a walk-jog program (N = 24), or a ...
Broeder C E - - 1992
A cross-sectional study was designed to determine the relationship between aerobic fitness and resting metabolic rate (RMR) in 69 males exhibiting a wide range of aerobic fitness levels (VO2max = 32.8-78.1 mL.kg-1.min-1). The results of this study indicated that RMR was not significantly different between trained and untrained individuals when ...
Vanninen E - - 1992
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 1-year intensified diet and exercise education regimen on habitual physical activity and aerobic capacity in middle-aged, obese patients with newly-diagnosed Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. In addition, we analysed whether the level and the changes in physical activity ...
Grant S - - 1992
This study reports on the effects of a 10-week university fitness programme on health-related fitness variables. Twenty-one male exercisers, aged 37.0(10.3) years (mean(s.d.); range 21-58), and 22 male controls, aged 38.6(7.9) years (mean(s.d.); range 17-54), volunteered to take part. Two sample t-tests and 95% confidence intervals were used to determine ...
Stein P N - - 1992
The effects of aerobic and nonaerobic exercise on depression and self-concept were investigated in a pretest-posttest control group design. 89 undergraduates engaged in the aerobic exercise of swimming, the nonaerobic exercise of weight training, or a control, Introductory Psychology class. Dependent measures were the Beck Depression Inventory, Depression Adjective Check ...
Albright C L - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a six month aerobic exercise training regimen on cardiovascular responsivity to mental arithmetic in healthy middle-aged men and women. Subjects were randomly assigned to a moderate intensity exercise intervention or to an assessment-only control group. Before and after the ...
Norris R - - 1992
To determine whether participating in physical activity affects psychological well-being in an adolescent population, 147 adolescents completed self-reports of exercise and psychological stress and well-being. Analysis revealed that those who reported greater physical activity also reported less stress and lower levels of depression. Adolescents who experienced a higher incidence of ...
Fillingim R B - - 1992
This study examined the effects of exercise on subsequent psychophysiological and self-report responses to emotional imagery, using excitation-transfer theory as a guiding conceptual model. Twenty-four female undergraduates engaged in aerobic exercise (stationary cycling) for 15 minutes, and an equal number of subjects rested quietly for the same time period. All ...
Line P D - - 1992
Aerobic endurance capacity is partly dependent on blood supply to and metabolic capacity of the active muscles. Recordings of lower limb skin postocclusive hyperaemia with laser Doppler flowmetry can differentiate between patients with lower limb atherosclerosis and healthy controls. In this study, we investigated the relationship between aerobic endurance, calf ...
Butler R M - - 1992
A prospective, randomized study evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of upper body circuit weight training (CWT) in 25 stable male cardiac patients entering the initial out-of-hospital phase of cardiac rehabilitation. Both groups performed 30 minutes of aerobic exercise only for 6 weeks. The aerobic exercise group (N = 13) ...
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