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┼╗ebrowska, Aleksandra
The aim of this study was to compare the serum catabolic and anabolic hormones concentrations in relation to training volume and training intensity during pre-season and competitive season in male road cyclists. Ten subjects (age 23,4 ± 3,56 years, training for 7,2 ± 1,2 years) performed an incremental cycle ergometer ...
Askling Carl M CM The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, , Stockholm, - - 2014
Hamstring strain is a common injury in sprinters and jumpers, and therefore time to return to sport and secondary prevention become of particular concern. To compare the effectiveness of two rehabilitation protocols after acute hamstring injury in Swedish elite sprinters and jumpers by evaluating time needed to return to full ...
Hennig Toril T Martina Hansens Hospital, Sandvika, - - 2014
Hand exercises are recommended for patients with hand osteoarthritis (HOA), though evidence for their effect is conflicting. To evaluate, in a randomised controlled trial, the effect of HOA information plus home-based hand exercises (exercise group) compared with information only (control group) in women with HOA. Interventions were delivered by two ...
Habets B B Papendal Sports Medical Center, Arnhem, The Netherlands; Physical Therapy Sciences, Program in Clinical Health Sciences, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Although eccentric exercise training has shown favorable results in chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy, the optimum dosage remains unknown. A systematic review of the literature was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, in order to describe different exercise protocols and to determine the most effective training parameters. An extensive search ...
Powell-Cope Gail G 1HSR&D/RR&D Center of Innovation on Disability and Rehabilitation Research - - 2014
Exercise and training programs improve strength, functional balance, and prevent falls in a variety of populations. This article presents the qualitative findings related to the perceived benefits of participants in a randomized controlled trial that compared the effectiveness of group exercise on gait and balance in persons with peripheral neuropathy ...
de Freitas Maia Marianna M 1Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. School of Physical Education and Sports. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 2Kinesiology and Sports Studies Department, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that exercising the antagonist musculature acutely enhances subsequent performance for the agonist musculature. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of different rest intervals between sets for exercises that involve antagonistic muscle groups; a technique referred to as antagonist paired sets (APS). Fifteen ...
Yao Lan L College of Nursing, Michigan State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a pilot evaluation of a Proto Tai Chi exercise program for older adults and gain insight into the design of future trials involving those who are physically and cognitively frail. Proto Tai Chi (aka Wu Qin Xi) is a simple and intuitive ...
Constantini Keren K Heart Foundation Research Centre, Griffith Health Institute, and the School of Allied Health Sciences, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland, 4222, - - 2014
Critical power (CP), and the finite capacity to perform work above CP (W'), can be determined using a 3-min "all-out" cycling test (3MT). This protocol requires two laboratory visits: an incremental exercise test, followed by a 3MT on a separate day. The purpose of this study was to establish whether ...
Malone John K JK 1School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, England. 2School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, - - 2014
The use of sub-tetanic low intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for the purpose of promoting recovery from exercise has increased in recent years. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effects of NMES on exercise recovery. A computerised database search of PubMed, CINAHL Plus, Sport Discus and ...
Southerst Bsch Danielle D Research Associate, UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC). Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2008, the Neck Pain Task Force (NPTF) recommended exercise for the management of neck pain and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). However, no evidence was available on the effectiveness of exercise for grade III neck pain or WAD. Moreover, limited evidence was available to contrast the effectiveness of various types of ...
Sihawong Rattaporn R Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise program focusing on muscle stretching and endurance training on the 12-month incidence of low back pain (LBP) in office workers. A 12-month prospective cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in healthy office workers with lower-than-normal trunk extension flexibility ...
Silbernagel Karin Grävare - - 2014
An important aspect of physical therapy is the prescription and implementation of exercise. The goals of exercise include improvement of impairments and disabilities identified during clinical evaluation. However, exercise as treatment can also be used to promote tissue adaptation and healing after injury. Tendinopathy provides a pertinent example of how ...
Yeung Pui Yee PY 1 Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Although effective community falls prevention programmes for the older persons have been described, challenges remain in translating proven interventions into daily practice. Aim To evaluate the efficacy, feasibility and acceptability of a falls prevention programme that can be integrated into daily activities in a group of community-dwelling older adults with ...
Hawkins Leah K LK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, 250 E. Superior, # 5-2177, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
To assess how patients perceive various lifestyle behaviors impact IVF success. Cross-sectional study of heterosexual, English-speaking couples (n = 138) who completed web-based surveys during IVF treatment cycle. Perceived impact of lifestyle choices assessed by multivariable logistic regression and p-value tests for linear trend (Pt). During the IVF cycle, most patients consider ...
Cecchi F F Don Gnocchi Foundation, Florence, Italy - - - 2014
Background: Low back pain (LBP) management is a critical public health issue in all developed countries. Most approaches show evidence of effects only in the short term. Aim: To identify predictors of functional outcome on discharge and at 1 year. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation department. Population: Patients ...
Karlsson Linn - - 2014
Different types of exercises can help manage chronic neck pain. Supervised exercise interventions are widely used, but these protocols require substantial resources. The aim of this trial, which focused on adherence, was to evaluate two home exercise interventions. This parallel group randomized controlled trial included 57 women randomly allocated into ...
Warby Sarah A SA Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most commonly recommended treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the glenohumeral joint is exercise-based management. The primary objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise-based management in patients with MDI. The secondary aim was to observe the types of exercise protocols and outcomes used, as well ...
Roddy Edward E Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Research Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK. - - 2014
Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most frequent cause of shoulder problems which themselves affect 1 in 3 adults. Management commonly includes exercise and corticosteroid injection. However, the few existing trials of exercise or corticosteroid injection for subacromial impingement syndrome are mostly small, of poor quality, and focus only on short-term ...
Riley Mary Alyce - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the important elements of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle exercises to treat urge incontinence. Urge suppression and pelvic floor muscle exercises were most beneficial. Responders can be identified early in treatment, allowing for fewer sessions.
Li Fuzhong F Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, - - 2013
A previous randomized, controlled trial of tai chi showed improvements in objectively measured balance and other motor-related outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease. This study evaluated whether patient-reported outcomes could be improved through exercise interventions and whether improvements were associated with clinical outcomes and exercise adherence. In a secondary analysis ...
Busch Angela J AJ School of Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, 1121 College Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N - - 2013
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread pain that leads to reduced physical function. Exercise training is commonly recommended as a treatment for management of symptoms. We examined the literature on resistance training for individuals with fibromyalgia. Resistance training is exercise performed against a progressive resistance with the intention of improving ...
Zheng Guohua - - 2013
The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world. Since they are in a significant transition period which presents opportunities and challenges in health promotion, it is important to improve their health in this period. As a traditional Chinese exercise form which combines movements ...
Shimodozono Megumi - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of repetitive facilitative exercise (RFE) under surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. Methods: This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded, pilot trial randomized 27 adults with severe arm impairment [Fugl-Meyer Arm scale (FMA) ≤ 20] due to stroke of 3-13 weeks duration into three groups ...
Wright Heather E - - 2013
Older experienced firefighters may show signs of heat adaptation, and thus reduced physiological strain, due to repeated occupational heat stress exposure. The aim was to examine physiological and perceptual strain, and hydration, responses to intermittent exercise in the heat in 12 older Non-Firefighter (Non-FF) and experienced Firefighter (FF) males, pair ...
Busse Monica - - 2013
The beneficial role of exercise as a treatment approach in Huntington's disease (HD) has support from both preclinical work and small-scale studies; however, there have been no controlled studies of gym-based exercise in people with HD. This phase 2 randomized trial (ISRCTN 59910670) assessed feasibility, safety, acceptability, and benefit of ...
Sprung Victoria S - - 2013
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) profile. A surrogate marker for CVD risk is endothelial dysfunction. Limited studies exist examining the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of exercise in PCOS and specifically its impact on endothelial function. Therefore, the aim of the current study was ...
Hanney William J WJ University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, - - 2013
Neck pain is a significant problem and many treatment options exist. While some studies suggest exercise is beneficial for individuals with non-specific neck pain clinicians have few tools to assist in the decision making process. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to derive a preliminary clinical prediction rule (CPR) ...
Kelaiditi Eirini - - 2013
The scope of the current study is to provide an updated, comprehensive review of the recent literature (past 12 months), examining the role of nutrition and exercise on frailty. Over the past 12 months, seven studies with different designs explored the relationship between nutrition and frailty, four examined the role ...
Newnam Sharon - - 2013
The goal of this study was to utilise an objective measurement tool, via an on-board Diagnostic tool (OBDII), to explore the effectiveness of a behaviour modification intervention designed to reduce over-speed violations in a group of work-related drivers. It was predicted that over-speed violations would be decreased following participation in ...
Menz Hylton B - - 2013
Background: Falls are common in older people and are associated with substantial health-care costs. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention demonstrated a 36% reduction in the fall rate over 12 months. We evaluated the acceptability of and levels of satisfaction with this intervention in the ...
Gobbo Stefano - - 2013
The interest in research on exercise and physical activity effects on dual-task performance has grown rapidly in the last decade due to the aging global population. Most of the available literature is focused on exercise benefits for the risk of falls, attention, and gait-speed; however, there is a lack of ...
Benjamin D R - - 2013
Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscle (DRAM) is common during and after pregnancy, and has been related to lumbopelvic instability and pelvic floor weakness. Women with DRAM are commonly referred to physiotherapists for conservative management, but little is known about the effectiveness of such strategies. To determine if non-surgical interventions ...
Fleig Lena - - 2013
Objective: Follow-up intervention boosters are supposed to promote exercise maintenance beyond initial treatment. The current quasi-experimental study investigated the benefits of adding telephone-delivered intervention boosters to a self-management exercise intervention for rehabilitants. Psycho-social mechanisms by which the intervention boosters promote exercise maintenance were examined. Research Design: Between 2009 and 2011, ...
Hebert Jeffrey J - - 2013
The optimal components of postoperative exercise programmes following single-level lumbar discectomy have not been identified. Facilitating lumbar multifidus (LM) function after discectomy may improve postoperative recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and muscle function outcomes of patients randomised to receive early multimodal rehabilitation following lumbar ...
Galea Mary P - - 2013
Rehabilitation after spinal cord injury (SCI) has traditionally involved teaching compensatory strategies for identified impairments and deficits in order to improve functional independence. There is some evidence that regular and intensive activity-based therapies, directed at activation of the paralyzed extremities, promotes neurological improvement. The aim of this study is to ...
Koh Hyung-Woo HW Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu University Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daegu - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vibratory stimulation on maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). [Subjects] Sixty healthy adults participated in this study. The exclusion criteria were orthopedic or neurologic disease. [Methods] The researchers induced DOMS in the musculus ...
Baillie Lauren E - - 2013
Behavioral approaches have been found to be effective in managing chronic headache. Recently, attention has been given to the role of exercise in chronic headache management, although much of the literature addresses it as a monotherapy. The current review assesses the effectiveness of exercise as an adjunct to other behavioral ...
White Erin - - 2013
Background: Approximately 10% of women engage in resistance training during pregnancy; however there is limited research on this activity. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between resistance training and adverse outcomes. Methods: Women completed an online survey and recalled their exercise habits during each trimester of their ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of an exercise program using aero-step exercise equipment on the balance ability of normal adults. [Subjects] Twenty-one normal adults were randomized into a flat floor exercise program group (FEG, n = 7), an aero-step exercise program group (AEG, n = 7), ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi LG L.G. Macedo, PT, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy, University of - - 2013
Physical therapy is commonly prescribed for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS); however, little is known about its effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials, and cohort studies evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for LSS. Studies were searched on electronic ...
Cullinane Frances L - - 2013
Objective:To establish the effectiveness of eccentric exercise as a treatment intervention for lateral epicondylitis.Data sources:ProQuest, Medline via EBSCO, AMED, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL.Review methods:A systematic review was undertaken to identify randomized and controlled clinical trials incorporating eccentric exercise as a treatment for patients diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis. Studies were ...
Batatinha Helena Angélica - - 2013
Artistic Gymnastics is a sport where athletes are frequently fatigued. One element that might influence this aspect is carbohydrate, an important energy substrate for the muscles and the CNS. Our goal was to investigate the influence of fatigue over artistic gymnastics athlete's performance and the effects of a carbohydrate supplementation ...
Treacy Daniel - - 2013
Impaired balance and mobility are common among rehabilitation inpatients. Poor balance and mobility lead to an increased risk of falling. Specific balance exercise has been shown to improve balance and reduce falls within the community setting. However few studies have measured the effects of balance exercises on balance within the ...
Nybacka Asa - - 2013
To investigate whether randomized diet and/or physical exercise influence serum levels of antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Randomized, 4-month trial with three interventions. Women's health clinical research unit at a university hospital. Fifty-seven overweight/obese women with PCOS. Diet, physical exercise, or both, using programs ...
Froehlich-Grobe Katherine - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness of two home-based behavioral interventions to promote wheelchair users exercise adoption and maintenance over 12 months. Randomized controlled trial, with participants stratified into groups based on disability type (stable, episodic, progressive) and support partner availability. Exercise occurred in participant preferred locations (e.g., home, recreation center), with ...
Vanheest Jaci L - - 2013
Competitive female athletes restrict energy intake and increase exercise energy expenditure frequently resulting in ovarian suppression. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of ovarian suppression and energy deficit on swimming performance (400m swim velocity). Menstrual status was determined by circulating estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in ...
Li Chunxiao - - 2013
This study systematically reviewed the impact of physical exercise interventions on physical fitness for individuals with Down syndrome. Articles published in English were searched from five major electronic databases, namely, CINAHL, Medline, PsychINFO, SPORTDiscus, and PEDro from inception until April 2013. These studies were screened through predefined inclusion and exclusion ...
Driessens Susan - - 2013
Distal radius fractures stabilized by open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) have become increasingly common. There is currently no consensus on the optimal time to commence range of motion (ROM) exercises post-ORIF. A retrospective cohort review was conducted over a five-year period to compare wrist and forearm range of motion outcomes ...
Wang Tze-Hsuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . Neurologic music therapy has demonstrated improved walking performance in persons with neurologic disease; however, little evidence supports the use of music with functional resistance exercise to improve motor capacity and daily functions for children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: . To investigate the effect of additional patterned sensory enhancement ...
Loehr Valerie G - - 2013
Little is known about how outcome expectations change after physical activity initiation and whether changes are associated with physical activity experiences. In a diary study, physically inactive adults (N = 102) initiated an exercise regimen and reported their experiences daily (e.g. progress toward goals) and corresponding outcome expectations weekly (e.g. ...
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