Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1107
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Coiro Vittorio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of moderate amounts of ethanol on the GH and cortisol responses to physical exercise. METHODS: Ten normal men underwent three bicycle ergometer tests. Test were carried out in basal conditions (control test) or after drinking 0.5 or 0.75 g/kg BW ethanol. Tests lasted 15 min ...
Jones Kim Dupree - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: People with fibromyalgia (FM) often have low insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels and a suboptimal growth hormone (GH) response to acute exercise. As previous work had demonstrated a normalization of the acute GH response to exercise with the use of pyridostigmine (PYD), we tested the hypothesis that 6 months ...
Coiro Vittorio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in alcoholic patients have been reported in various experimental conditions. METHODS: To establish whether alcoholism affects the HPA axis activation during physical exercise, 10 recent abstinent alcoholic patients (age range: 33-45 years; duration of alcohol dependence: range 4-6 years) were tested by exercising ...
Roumen Frans J M E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to compare pharmacology, contraceptive efficacy, cycle control, side effects and acceptability with the combined contraceptive vaginal ring (CCVR) and combined oral contraceptives (COCs). STUDY DESIGN: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between the CCVR and a COC up to and including December 2006 were ...
Coiro V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The basal circulating levels of ACTH and cortisol, but not the ACTH/cortisol response to hCRH, are significantly reduced by free fatty acid (FFA) infusion. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether FFA infusion modifies the ACTH/cortisol response to physical exercise, a well-known activator of the HPA axis at suprapituitary level. DESIGN: Exercise ...
Consitt Leslie A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the growth hormone (GH) response, including the immunfunctional (IF) GH response, between an acute bout of aerobic and resistance exercise in the same subjects. Ten cross-trained males (24.3 +/- 1.2 years) performed both 30 min of continuous cycling at 70% of VO(2max), ...
Dunlap Kriya L KL Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Box 756160, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA. - - 2007
Melatonin is a hormone that is released from the pineal gland into the blood stream and is controlled by nerve impulses from the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Melatonin synthesis, which is inhibited by light on the mammalian retina, peaks in plasma concentrations during the night. Though still a subject of intense research, ...
Stenner Elisabetta - - 2007
We studied the hypothalamus-pituitary adrenocortical, hypothalamus-pituitary and hypothalamus-pituitary thyroid system responses to a long duration activity (about 20 h) practiced in a demanding environment, characterized by darkness, low temperature and high humidity, namely alpine potholing. We performed four blood drawings in five elite potholers: (1) the morning before the performance, ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2007
The ability of acute exercise to stimulate appetite and food intake depends on intensity, duration, and agouti-related protein (AGRP) levels. Fasting, as well as any negative energy balance, has been reported to increase AGRP expression in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus and other extra-hypothalamic tissues in human and ...
Le Panse Bénédicte - - 2007
To study the effects of an acute therapeutic oral intake of beta(2) agonist on performance and substrate response during supramaximal exercise in women. 12 healthy moderately trained female volunteers performed a Wingate test after ingestion of placebo (Pla) and salbutamol (Sal; 4 mg) according to a double-blind randomised crossover study. ...
Youn Yu Seok - - 2007
PEGylation has been viewed as an effective means of overcoming the therapeutic restriction of growth hormone-releasing factor (1-29) (GRF(1-29)) due to its short biological lifetime caused by severe proteolysis and rapid glomerular filtration. Of three isomers according to the PEGylation sites (Tyr1, Lys12, or Lys21), PEGylated GRF(1-29) at Lys21-amine (Lys21-PEG-GRF(1-29)) ...
Goto Kazushige - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examined effects of prior sprint exercise on hormonal responses to subsequent resistance exercise with different recovery periods between exercise bouts. METHODS: Nine men performed three types of exercise regimens: 1) resistance exercise only (R), 2) resistance exercise with prior sprint exercise and 60 min of rest (SR60), ...
Nassar Erika - - 2007
Melatonin and resistance exercise alone have been shown to increase the levels of growth hormone (GH). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of ingestion of a single dose of melatonin and heavy resistance exercise on serum GH, somatostatin (SST), and other hormones of the GH/insulin-like growth ...
Climent Vicente - - 2007
Growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis is not only involved in the regulation of somatic growth but also has important physiological functions in adults. Several studies have shown that GH deficiency in adults is associated with abnormalities in body composition, metabolic derangements, and suboptimal physical performance. Furthermore, GH/IGF-I axis ...
McConell Glenn K - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the influence of acute and chronic administration of L-arginine on metabolism at rest and during exercise. RECENT FINDINGS: There has been substantial examination of the effect of infusion and ingestion of L-arginine at rest. It has been clearly demonstrated that L-arginine administration improves endothelial function ...
da Silva Rodrigo P RP College of Physical Education, Faculdades Unidas do Norte de Minas , Brazil ; Graduate School of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia , - - 2007
Acute cardiovascular responses to different high-velocity resistance exercise protocols were compared in untrained older women. Twelve apparently healthy volunteers (62.6 ± 2.9 y) performed three different protocols in the bench press (BP). All protocols involved three sets of 10 repetitions performed with a 10RM load and 2 minutes of rest ...
Jürimäe Jaak - - 2007
The regulatory effect of ghrelin on growth hormone (GH) is limited in describing ghrelin response to acute submaximal exercise intensities in elite athletes. We investigated the effects of a single sculling exercise performed above and below the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) on total ghrelin concentration in highly trained male rowers. ...
Andreasson Kristin I M - - 2007
The effect of UV-B radiation (UVBR, 280-315 nm) on growth rate during 72 h of incubation, was measured for two marine microalgae -Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyceae) and Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae). The resulting inhibition of growth rate was analysed by calculating biological weighting functions (BWFs). The growth rate of D. tertiolecta was ...
Lynn Brenna M - - 2007
Factors associated with the menstrual cycle, such as the endogenous hormones estrogen and progesterone, have dramatic effects on cardiovascular regulation. It is unknown how this affects postexercise hemodynamics. Therefore, we examined the effects of the menstrual cycle and sex on postexercise hemodynamics. We studied 14 normally menstruating women [24.0 (4.2) ...
Pomerants T - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in serum ghrelin and leptin concentrations during acute aerobic cycle ergometer test in 60 boys at different pubertal stages. Boys were divided according to their pubertal status as group I (Tanner stage 1, n=20), group II (Tanner stages 2 and ...
Cardinale Marco - - 2006
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been suggested as an alternative form of exercise producing adaptive responses similar to that of resistance training. Very limited information is available on the effects of different vibration parameters on anabolic hormones. In this study, we compared the acute effects of different WBV amplitudes on ...
Stoddard Jacqueline L - - 2007
Preliminary studies suggest that moderate physical activity may reduce both premenstrual distress (PD) and the ovarian steroid hormones, progesterone and estradiol, which have been implicated in PD. We attempted to replicate these findings, while exploring possible relationships between hormone levels and PD. In a cross-sectional study, 20 moderate exercisers and ...
Vestergaard E T - - 2007
We have previously shown that exercise-induced GH release is not mediated by ghrelin, but it remains to be studied whether the increase in GH may suppress postexercise ghrelin levels. The objective of this study was to characterize systemic ghrelin levels after exercise with and without concomitant GH administration. Group A: ...
Smilios I - - 2007
This study examined testosterone, cortisol and growth hormone responses in elderly and young men after a strength endurance protocol. Eight elderly (age: 69 +/- 5 yrs) and nine young (age: 23 +/- 1 yrs) males with recreational experience in resistance training performed a strength endurance protocol, which included six exercises. ...
Maresh C M - - 2006
Exercise intensity powerfully influences testosterone, cortisol, and testosterone : cortisol ratio (T:C) responses to endurance exercise. Hydration state may also modulate these hormones, and therefore may alter the anabolic/catabolic balance in response to endurance exercise and training. This study examined the effect of running intensity on testosterone, cortisol, and T ...
Brandou F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to characterize lipid oxidation at exercise in adults with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and to evaluate the effect of 6 and 12 months of GH replacement therapy on substrate carbohydrate (CHO) and lipid utilization at exercise. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Twenty-five patients with GHD ...
Minetto M A - - 2006
AIM: Aims of the study were: to determine the differences in the mechanical, hormonal and lactate responses to a high-intensity isokinetic exercise in two groups of endurance-trained athletes (EA, n = 11) and sedentary subjects (SED, n = 11); to evaluate the relationships between the hormonal and lactate responses; to ...
Arlettaz A - - 2006
To study the effects of a therapeutical dose of corticosteroid alone or associated with beta-2 agonist on performance and substrate response during intense submaximal exercise, seven healthy moderately trained male volunteers participated in the double-blind randomized cross-over study. An intense endurance exercise test to exhaustion was performed after ingestion of ...
Wideman Laurie - - 2006
Previous research clearly indicates a linear relationship between exercise intensity and growth hormone (GH) release and that this relationship is influenced by sex. The present study examined the GH response to increasing exercise duration in young men and women. Fifteen healthy subjects (8 men and 7 women) completed three randomly ...
Grube Markus - - 2006
The family of the organic anion transporting polypeptides forms an increasing group of uptake transport proteins with a wide substrate spectrum. Although the expression of some members of this group, such as organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)-A or C, is limited to special tissues (such as liver or brain), the ...
Reeves Greg V - - 2006
Previous studies of contracting muscle with low loading and partial vascular occlusion demonstrated hypertrophy and strength adaptations similar to and exceeding those observed with traditional moderate to high resistance (Shinohara M, Kouzaki M, Yoshihisa T, and Fukunaga T. Eur J Physiol 77: 189-191, 1998; Takarada Y, Takazawa H, Sato Y, ...
Dhooge Willem - - 2006
In vitro assays are considered as the first step in a tiered approach to compound screening for hormonal activity. Although many new assays have been developed in recent years, little attention has been paid towards assay validation. Our objective was to identify critical experimental parameters in a yeast estrogen screen ...
Pierce Joseph R - - 2006
We examined the effects of ischemia (ISC) alone and with low-intensity exercise (ISC+EX) on growth hormone (GH) and muscle function responses. Nine men (22 +/- 0.7 yr) completed 3 study days: an ISC day (thigh cuff inflated five times, 5 min on, 3 min off), an ISC+EX day [knee extension ...
Kurtais Yesim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There is controversy about hormonal dysfunction in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis that is supposed to contribute to the development or persistence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated whether there is an altered and blunted response of the HPA axis when stimulated by exercise stress in patients with RA. METHODS: ...
Bruner Brenda - - 2006
This pilot study assessed the effects of exercise and nutritional counseling on hormonal, menstrual, and reproductive function in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Twelve females with a clinical, biochemical, and ultrasonographic diagnosis of PCOS were randomly assigned to endurance and resistance exercise plus nutritional counseling (EN) or nutritional counseling ...
Berg U - - 2006
IGF-I plays a direct role in whole body glucose homeostasis primarily by stimulating skeletal muscle glucose uptake. IGF-I is also involved in exercise induced muscle hypertrophy. Knowledge regarding local changes in muscle IGF-I bioavailability and its regulation by IGFBPs at rest and during exercise is limited. We have therefore explored ...
Tuckow Alexander P - - 2006
To characterize the effects of daytime exercise on subsequent overnight growth hormone (GH) secretion and elimination dynamics, serum was sampled, and GH was measured every 10 min for 12 h (1800 to 0600) in a control (CON) condition and after a 50-set resistance exercise protocol (EX) from 1500 to 1700. ...
Kraemer William J - - 2006
This investigation determined the influence of acute and chronic resistance exercise on responses of growth hormone (GH) molecular variants in women. Seventy-four healthy young women (23 +/- 3 yr, 167 +/- 7 cm, 63.8 +/- 9.3 kg, 26.3 +/- 4.0% body fat) performed an acute bout of resistance exercise (6 ...
Milakovic M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a non-invasive method for determining the iodine content of the thyroid gland in vivo. In spite of the obvious clinical value of such a method in situations of iodine deficiency or iodine overload, the method has not so far been widely used. The objective was ...
Saugy M - - 2006
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been on the list of forbidden substances since availability of its recombinant form improved in the early 1990s. Although its effectiveness in enhancing physical performance is still unproved, the compound is likely used for its potential anabolic effect on the muscle growth, and also ...
Galassetti Pietro - - 2006
Exercise-induced growth hormone (GH) secretion may significantly modulate growth and development in children. Altered physiological GH responses, therefore, may reduce the beneficial effects of exercise. High-fat food ingestion before exercise blunts the GH response in adults, but it is unknown whether this occurs in children. We therefore performed standard exercise ...
Hackney A C - - 2006
The purpose was to determine the day-to-day variability of total testosterone (tT), total T4 (tT4), total 3,5,3'-T3 (tT3), and cortisol (C) levels in exercise-trained men [no.=63, 24+/-4 yr (X+/-SD)]. Resting blood samples were collected at the same time of day (morning) over 3 consecutive days, 24 h apart, under controlled ...
Czarkowska-Paczek B - - 2006
Strenuous physical exercise induces muscle fibers damage and non-specific inflammatory response. Activated by inflammatory process cells may serve as the source of wide spectrum of inflammatory mediators and growth factors. Namely Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) could be released. The ...
Collier S R - - 2006
This study investigated the combined effect of resistance exercise and arginine ingestion on spontaneous growth hormone (GH) release. Eight healthy male subjects were studied randomly on four separate occasions [placebo, arginine (Arg), placebo + exercise (Ex), arginine + exercise (Arg+Ex)]. Subjects had blood sampled every 10 min for 3.5 h. ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that ghrelin may play a role in growth hormone (GH) secretion to exercise. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to examine the effects of a single bout of circuit resistance exercise on plasma glucose, ghrelin, GH, and c-peptide, and cortisol. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fourteen volunteer ...
Yang Ji-Yeoun - - 2006
hGH (human growth hormone) is a key factor for metabolism as well as for growth. Lack of hGH usually increases LDL (low-density lipoprotein) while impairing exercise capacity and cardiac function [Amato G., Carella C., Fazio S., La Montagna G., Cittadini A., Sabatini D., Marciano-Mone C., Sacca L., and Bellastella A., ...
Ding Q - - 2006
The ability of exercise to benefit neuronal and cognitive plasticity is well recognized. This study reveals that the effects of exercise on brain neuronal and cognitive plasticity are in part modulated by a central source of insulin-like growth factor-I. Exercise selectively increased insulin-like growth factor-I expression without affecting insulin-like growth ...
Kucukalić-Selimović Elma - - 2006
Growth hormone exerts several metabolic effects, including effects on proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Among the many metabolic activities of GH, two contradictory actions were described: acute and early insulin-like activity and chronic and late anti-insulin like activity also called diabetogenic activity. A dramatic increase in plasma concentration of GH was ...
Brown Gregory A - - 2006
Sublingual intake of 21.4 mg androstenediol increases serum testosterone concentrations whereas swallowing 200 mg androstenediol does not. The duration of increase in serum testosterone following sublingual androstenediol (SL-DIOL) is unknown. Resistance exercise (EX) following SL-DIOL may cause larger increases in serum estradiol concentrations than while at rest. This project evaluated ...
Sherry A E - - 2006
The growth rates of 14 Salmonella serovars in tryptone soy broth plus yeast extract (TSBYE) were estimated using conventional plating techniques and indirect conductimetry using a Don Whitley RABIT system. Both methods gave identical results for the maximum specific growth rate (mumax) P>0.05. However, using the conductimetric method, mumax for ...
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